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MESC ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENT SPE 77/162

Revision: 14 November 2006 Page 1 of 9

VALVES AND ACCESSORIES Slim-line single isolation valves within a mono flange body, in gate, globe and ball valve styles, design to ASME B16.34, suitable for open-ended applications. Size range: DN 15-DN 50, full and reduced bore, ASME classes 150 - 2500. Body materials: carbon, low alloy and high alloy steels. Valve bodies with flange / flange or flange / threaded ends and soft or metal seated.

Scope This specification shall be used for single isolation valves used in non in-line applications (i.e. drain, vent and/or instrument branches) where an optimum compactness and minimum valve weight is required to minimise the bending moment on branch connections and standard face-to-face dimensions are not essential. In this specification the slim-line single isolation valve (hereinafter referred to as "valve") means a single gate, globe or ball valve within a mono flange body.

REFERENCES In this specification, reference is made to the following publications:


NOTE: Unless specifically designated by date, the latest edition of each publication shall be used, together with any amendments/supplements/revisions thereto.

API 6D

Specification for pipeline valves (gate, plug, ball and check valves). Specification for fire test for valves Valve inspection and testing Pipe threads, general purpose (inch). Pipe flanges and flanged fittings Valves, flanged, threaded and welding end Process piping ASME boiler and pressure vessel code, Material properties ASME boiler and pressure vessel code, Section VIII, Division 1: Rules for construction of pressure vessels

API SPEC 6FA API 598 (8th edition, May-2004) ASME B1.20.1 ASME B16.5 ASME B16.34 ASME B 31.3 ASME section II Part D ASME VIII Division 1

BS 6755-2

Testing of valves; Part 2: Specification for fire type testing requirements Testing of valves; fire type testing requirements Steel gate, globe and check valves for sizes DN 100 and smaller for the petroleum and natural gas industries.

ISO 10497 ISO 15761

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MESC ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENT SPE 77/162

Revision: 14 November 2006 Page 2 of 9

NACE MR 0175 (Edition 2002) S 37.808. DEP 30.10.02.13-GEN

Standard material requirements; Metals for sulphide stress cracking and stress corrosion cracking resistance in sour oilfield environments. Shell standard drawing for parallel threaded connections. Non-metallic materials - selection and application.

3 3.1

DESIGN GENERAL DESIGN CRITERIA The minimum wall thickness of pressure containing parts (valve body), including the closure members, shall be in accordance with ASME B16.34 table 3. When applicable, the manufacturer shall prove by calculations to ASME boiler and pressure vessel code Section VIII division 1 (see section UG 101) that the wall thickness satisfies the pressure / temperature rating of the class in ASME B16.34. The minimum wall thickness shall never be less than 5 mm. The pressure / temperature (P/T) rating of the valve shall be in accordance with the appropriate class for the body material in ASME B16.34. Pressure/temperature rating of the seat. - Metal seats: Fully rated to the class P/T rating. - Soft seats : Shall be in accordance with the temperature ranges specified in the table of section 4.2.

3.2 3.2.1 3.2.2 3.2.3

BODY The body construction shall be a one-piece body. Forged bodies shall be forged close to final shape. Rolled or forged bar/billet with suitable heat treatment may be used (in lieu of forged shapes) if it can be demonstrated by UT that the steel has a totally re-crystallised grain structure free from striations inherent in rolled products.

3.2.4

Face-to-face and bore dimensions: The face-to-face dimensions shall be in accordance with manufacturers standards and shall be as short as possible. For valves with flanged / flanged connections for open-ended, drain and vent isolation applications in nominal sizes DN 15 up to DN 50, the bore size shall be as large as possible but at least the following minimum shall apply:

Nominal size (DN) 15 20 25

Bore dimensions for gate and ball valves: 10.0 mm 12.5 mm 17.0 mm

Bore dimensions for globe valves, needle type: 10.0 mm 10.0 mm N.A.

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MESC ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENT SPE 77/162

Revision: 14 November 2006 Page 3 of 9

40 50 Legend: N.A. = not applicable

24.0 mm 37.0 mm

N.A. N.A.

For valves with flanged / threaded connections for open-ended, instrument isolation applications in nominal sizes DN 15 and DN 20, the bore size shall be as large as possible but at least the following minimum shall apply: - ball or gate valves : 10 mm. - globe valve, needle type: 5 mm. 3.2.5 3.2.6 Flange dimensions, except the thickness, shall be in accordance with ASME B16.5.
Flange misalignment

Lateral alignment (offset of the aligned flange centrelines): - For valves DN 50 ( NPS 2): maximum misalignment = 1.5 mm (0.059 inch), - For valves > DN 50 (> NPS 2): maximum misalignment = 2 mm (0.079 inch). Parallelism of the aligned flange faces (angular alignment): For valves with flanges DN < 650 (NPS 26) to ASME B16.5 the maximum misalignment = 2.5 mm/m (0.03 in/ft). The surface finish of the nut bearing area at the back face of flanged valves shall be parallel to the flange face within 1. 3.2.7 Mono flange valves with flanged / flanged ends may be used as: - vent or drain valves (in which case they shall be fitted with a blind flange), or - flanged pressure instrument branch valves. To enable removal of the blind flange with the mono flange valve staying in place, the mono flange valve shall be provided with full thread engagement studs screwed in the body and positively locked in position with pins. The studs shall be supplied by the valve manufacturer and shall have a length sufficient to place the mono flange between a welding neck flange and a blind flange of the same pressure rating to ASME B16.5, using spiral wound gaskets with guide rings with a thickness of 3.2 mm. The protruding length of the studs (not incorporating the height of the raised face of the assembly) shall be as follows: Nominal Size (DN) 15 20 25 40 50 3.2.8 Class 150 32 mm 38 mm 38 mm 38 mm 44 mm Class 300 38 mm 44 mm 44 mm 51 mm 51 mm Class 600 44 mm 51 mm 51 mm 57 mm 57 mm Class 900-1500 57 mm 63 mm 70 mm 76 mm 76 mm Class 2500 64 mm 70 mm 76 mm 89 mm 95 mm

Threaded connections Threaded end connections shall be NPT female in accordance with ASME B1.20.1 or female ISO parallel thread conforming to Shell standard drawing S 37.808. Threaded end connections shall be locked in position and shall have a minimum rating equals the hydrostatic test pressure of the valve body.

This document is restricted. Neither the whole nor any part of this document may be disclosed to any third party without the prior written consent of Shell Global Solutions International B.V., The Netherlands. The copyright of this document is vested in this company. All rights reserved. Neither the whole nor any part of this document may be reproduced, stored in any retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, reprographic, recording or otherwise) without the prior written consent of the copyright owner.

MESC ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENT SPE 77/162

Revision: 14 November 2006 Page 4 of 9

3.3 3.3.1

SEAT RINGS Metal seated rings Design details and manufacturing procedure of swaged, rolled and pressed-in metal seat rings may be accepted, provided manufacturer/supplier supplies proof of previous approval by Shell for the proposed method. Screwed-in metal seat rings shall be secured. An integral metal seat ring shall be provided in globe valves when the needle disk is integral with the stem.

3.3.2 3.4

Soft-seated seat rings shall be replaceable. BODY / BONNET CONNECTIONS: The following body / bonnet connections may be used: - A: integral, - B: welded (the weld shall be a full penetration weld), - C: flanged and bolted (the gasket shall be fully confined) or, - D: screwed-in (see notes 1 and 2). Notes: 1. Option D is not allowed for isolation valves but accepted for bleed valves. 2. Screwed-in bonnets shall be properly secured. The thread shall be protected from exposure to the medium by means of a gasket, an 'O'-ring or a metal-to-metal joint.

3.5 3.5.1

BACK SEAT DESIGN (NOT APPLICABLE TO BALL VALVES) The valve shall be executed with a back seat bushing, which may be: - rolled and pressed-in, or: - screwed-in. The back seat bushing shall be properly secured against loosening. Back seat faces shall be conical or spherical. YOKE DESIGN (NOT APPLICABLE TO BALL VALVES) A yoke shall be either integral-with, screwed-on, screwed-in, or bolted-to the valve body. A screwed-on yoke shall be properly secured. When a yoke bush or sleeve is retained by means of a retaining nut, the latter shall be secured. If the yoke bush is a screwed-in type with collar then the collar shall be secured. STEM AND STEM SEAL The stem and stem head shall be of a one-piece design. The weakest point of the stem shall always be outside the valve. To ensure the smallest cross sectional area of the stem and stem head provide adequate strength to operate the valve at the most severe design conditions as per appropriate class. It shall withstand the maximum side loads and operating torque needed to seal and to operate against the maximum class differential pressure (applied to one or both sides of the valve, whichever case needs the highest torque). The manufacturer shall be able to demonstrate the adequacy of the stem design by calculations and proving stem pull tests. These combined stresses shall not exceed the maximum allowable stresses specified in ASME section II Part D.

3.5.2 3.6 3.6.1 3.6.2 3.6.3

3.7 3.7.1 3.7.2

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MESC ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENT SPE 77/162

Revision: 14 November 2006 Page 5 of 9

3.7.3 3.7.4 3.7.5

Stem blow out shall be impossible. The stem retaining collar or ring shall be integral with the stem. Stem retaining parts shall be capable of withstanding the full internal pressure / temperature rating of the valve and the hydrostatic test pressure of the valve body. Gate and globe valve stem (rising stem) The stem shall have an integral bevelled or spherical seat which seats on the back seat when the valve is fully opened. For globe valves, the seating shall be on the stem or on the closure member nut. The stem shall be outside screw. The stem projection outside the yoke sleeve of the stem threads on a closed valve shall be between 0 mm and maximum 4 mm. The design shall prevent disengagement of the stem from the closure member during service.

3.7.6

3.7.7

Ball valve stem An integral ball / stem design for seat supported ball valves shall not be used. The drive mechanism between stem and ball shall be one of the following methods: - slot and tongue. - drive pins. - key way. It shall be impossible to re-assemble the ball and stem such that the ball port is 90 degrees out of phase with the stem or the wrench. Diametrical clearances of the parts around the stem shall be such that the stem can never touch other components that may damage the stem.

3.8 3.8.1

DESIGN OF CLOSURE MEMBERS Closure member of gate valves The closure member shall be of the conical plug type or wedge type. The closure member shall be loosely attached to the stem to allow for proper seating without galling between the gate and seat. Since the conical plug or wedge will seat lower down after wear of the seating surfaces, the design shall provide adequate seating width. Nominal size: DN 15 and DN 20 DN 25, DN 40 and DN 50 Minimum wear travel: 1.0 mm 1.5 mm

3.8.2

Closure member of globe valves

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MESC ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENT SPE 77/162

Revision: 14 November 2006 Page 6 of 9

Only plug type or needle type globe valves shall be used. The closure member shall be free to rotate on the stem. If the closure member is attached by a nut, the nut shall be secured to the closure member. Needle type globe valves shall be installed "tend-to-open" from the main process side.

This document is restricted. Neither the whole nor any part of this document may be disclosed to any third party without the prior written consent of Shell Global Solutions International B.V., The Netherlands. The copyright of this document is vested in this company. All rights reserved. Neither the whole nor any part of this document may be reproduced, stored in any retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, reprographic, recording or otherwise) without the prior written consent of the copyright owner.

MESC ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENT SPE 77/162

Revision: 14 November 2006 Page 7 of 9

3.8.3

Closure member of ball valves The ball port shall be cylindrical. For cavity pressure relief, ball valves shall have: - a 3 mm diameter hole from ball bore to upstream side, or - self relieving seat rings. Self-relieving seat rings shall relieve at a body cavity differential pressure not exceeding 33% of the rated pressure at maximum design temperature as per the appropriate class.

3.9

OPERATION the type of operating mechanism shall be as per manufacturer's standard. The maximum operating force shall not exceed 350 N. The diameter of the hand wheel shall not exceed 200 mm. For wrench operated valves, the stem head shall be circular and either have two flats parallel to the valve bore or a keyway in line with valve bore, such that the wrench must indicate the position of the closure member. Square heads shall not be used. Other constructions must be agreed with the Principal. The wrench and the position indicator shall be: - in the direction of the valve body centreline when the valve is open and, - perpendicular to the centreline when the valve is closed. The open and closed positions shall be clearly marked. The buying description or data/requisition shall indicate any need for manual locking.

3.10

Fire tested design Valves containing soft (polymer) seats and seals and non-metallic materials shall be of a fire-tested design and certified. Fire testing and certification of untested valves shall be in accordance with ISO 10497. Valves of the same design than the ordered valve, which have been previously, fire tested and certified in accordance with ISO 10497, BS 6755 part 2 or API 6FA are acceptable. The purchaser shall verify if the design of the ordered valve and the materials of the valve parts are of the same design and construction than those of the valve that has been firetested.

This document is restricted. Neither the whole nor any part of this document may be disclosed to any third party without the prior written consent of Shell Global Solutions International B.V., The Netherlands. The copyright of this document is vested in this company. All rights reserved. Neither the whole nor any part of this document may be reproduced, stored in any retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, reprographic, recording or otherwise) without the prior written consent of the copyright owner.

MESC ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENT SPE 77/162

Revision: 14 November 2006 Page 8 of 9

4 4.1

MATERIALS Materials shall be specified to ASTM or UNS (unified numbering system) standards. Equivalent materials, to other national standards, may be used only after approval by the Principal. Bolting and other valve components shall not be galvanised or cadmium plated. Where NACE MR 0175 is specified, this applies to process wetted parts and those within the pressure envelope, and bolting.

4.2

(4.2)

Seats and seals rating


Add to ASME B16.34 clause 4.2:

For the guide for material selection of the soft seats, -rings and Lip-seals reference is made to SPE 85/202.

5 5.1

MARKING Each valve shall be marked by electrochemical etching or, at a suitable low stress location (e.g. flange rim), by die stamping the "short code" number from the relevant MESC description. An alternative method shall be used after approval from the Principal if etching or die-stamping is considered to be illegible after painting. The valve shall also have the purchase requisition number clearly marked or tagged. Identification plate marking shall include the manufacturer's type or figure number. Hard facing trim materials shall be identified, e.g. a manufacturer's code is acceptable.

5.2 5.3

The class rating and the nominal size shall be marked on the valve body. Body / bonnet castings and forging shall have the charge or heat number and heat treatment batch cast or stamped in the material or it shall be retrievable via manufacturer's traceable records system. The flow direction shall be marked on the body with an arrow. For ball valves the arrow shall point in the direction of the flange end in which the valve insert is located.

5.4

6 6.1

INSPECTION AND TESTING. GENERAL Hydrostatic pressure testing shall be performed on the completely assembled valve. No device shall be used in testing the valve that will reduce the stress in the body. Prior to the start of the test, each individual valve shall be operated through one complete open/close cycle. If leakage is found, corrective action may be taken to eliminate the leakage and the test repeated at the discretion of the inspector. Alternatively the test may be abandoned and the reasons noted by the inspector.

6.2

HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE TEST

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MESC ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENT SPE 77/162

Revision: 14 November 2006 Page 9 of 9

6.2.1

The Valve body, closure and back seat shall be hydrostatic pressure tested in accordance with API 598. During the hydrostatic body pressure test the valve shall be in the half open position. Austenitic- and ferritic-austenitic (duplex) stainless steel valves and valves made of 9% nickel alloy shall be hydrostatic tested with potable water with a chloride content of 30 mg/kg or less. All valves shall be drained immediately after the test and shall be thoroughly dried immediately after draining.

6.2.2

6.2.3

The minimum test duration for the body test, seat test and back seat test shall deviate from API 598, table 4 as follows: Body test Seat test metal seated 60 s. Seat test soft seated 60 s. Back seat test 60 s.

120 s. 6.2.4 7 7.1

The maximum allowable leakage rates for closure tests shall be in accordance with API 598 table 5. PAINTING, PRESERVATION, SHIPPING AND STORAGE The valve internals shall be thoroughly cleaned and dried and the surfaces shall be free from: - hydrostatic test fluids, - cleaning agents, - adhered scale, weld spatter, loose particles or fibres, - organic substances, e.g. grease, oil, paint and sealant. Painting or coating shall be applied to the manufacturer's standard. High alloy steel, nickel and nickel/copper alloy valves shall not be painted. Preparations for shipping shall be performed by the manufacturer in accordance with API 6D section 8. The rust preventative shall be ENSIS MD or equivalent. Gate and globe valves shall be shipped with the closure members in the closed position, ball valves shall be open. Prior despatch/shipment valves shall be properly packaged to ensure protection against ingress of water and dirt. Valve ends shall be covered with closed fitting protectors (e.g. plastic caps) to protect the machined parts against dirt and moisture for at least one year in case the valve is stored outside..

7.2

7.3

7.4

7.5

7.6

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