Anda di halaman 1dari 3

Ancient Olympic Games The Olympic Games (Ancient Greek: ; Olympiakoi Agones ; ; ta Olympia; the Olympics) were a series

ries of athletic competitions among representatives of city-states of Ancient Greece. They were held in honor of Zeus, and the Greeks gave them a mythological origin. Historical records indicate that they began in 776 BC in Olympia. They continued to be celebrated when Greece came under Roman rule, until the emperor Theodosius I suppressed them in 394 AD as part of the campaign to impose Christianity as the state religion of Rome. The games were usually held every four years, or olympiad, which became a unit of time in historical chronologies. Basing on this, it gives about 292 Olympic Games and compared to it modern knowledge about this events is little (for example known 1029 victories constitute less than 22% of projected 4760). [1] During the celebration of the games, an Olympic Truce was enacted so that athletes could travel from their countries to the games in safety. The prizes for the victors were wreaths of laurel leaves. The games became a political tool used by city-states to assert dominance over their rivals. Politicians would announce political alliances at the games, and in times of war, priests would offer sacrifices to the gods for victory. The games were also used to help spread Hellenistic culture throughout the Mediterranean. The Olympics also featured religious celebrations and artistic competitions. The statue of Zeus at Olympia was counted as one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Sculptors and poets would congregate each olympiad to display their works of art to would-be patrons. The ancient Olympics had fewer events than the modern games, and only freeborn Greek men were allowed to participate,[2] although a woman Bilistiche is also mentioned as a winning chariot owner. As long as they met the entrance criteria, athletes from any citystate and Macedon were allowed to participate, although the Hellanodikai, the officials in charge, allowed king Alexander Ito participate in the games only after he had to prove his Greek ancestry.[3][4] The games were always held at Olympia rather than alternating to different locations as is the tradition with the modern Olympic Games.[5] Victors at the Olympics were honored, and their feats chronicled for future generations.

from Sparta Cynisca of Sparta (owner of a four-horse chariot) (first woman to be listed as an Olympic victor) from Rhodes:

Diagoras of Rhodes (boxing 79th Olympiad, 464 BC) and his sons Akusilaos and Damagetos (boxing and pankration)

Leonidas of Rhodes (running: stadion, diaulos and hoplitodromos) from Croton:


Astylos of Croton (running: stadion, diaulos and hoplitodromos) Milo of Croton (wrestling) Stanliobos of Croton (stadion)

Timasitheos of Croton (wrestling) from other cities: Koroibos of Elis (stadion, the very first Olympic champion) Orsippus of Megara (running: diaulos)

Theagenes of Thasos (boxer, pankratiast and runner) non-Greek: Tiberius (steerer of a four-horse chariot)[50] Nero (steerer of a ten-horse chariot) Varastades, Prince and future King of Armenia, last known Ancient Olympic victor (boxing) during the 291st Olympic Games in the 4th century[51]

MODERN OLYMPIC SPORTS:


archery badminton basketball beach volleyball boxing canoe / kayak cycling diving equestrian fencing field hockey

golf gymnastics handball judo modern pentathlon rowing rugby 7s sailing shooting soccer / football swimming synchronized swimming table tennis taekwondo tennis track and field triathlon (swimming, biking, running) volleyball water polo weightlifting

wrestling