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Lead means to show, mark the way or guide the course show the way to others by going ahead of them command others: to control, direct, or command others.

CHARISMATIC THEORY the charismatic leader inspires others by obtaining emotional commitment from followers and by arousing strong feelings of loyalty and enthusiasm Charisma is elusive and others may not sense it

TRAIT THEORY LEADERSHIP requires ability to: 1. Guide (others or team) 2. Achieve (personal or common goals) 3. Motivate (subordinates or organization) 4. Influence (person or group) 5. Think (unit or globally) 6. Active (pro-active rather than indecisiveness) 7. Nurture (growth and staff development) Remember: GAMITAN this theory maintains that traits are inherited but later suggested that traits could be obtained through learning and experience Research were able to identify some traits that are common to good leaders (intelligence, personality, and abilities)

LEADERSHIP TRAITS 1. Leaders need to be more intelligent than the group they lead 2. Leaders must possess initiative 3. Creativity is an asset. 4. Emotional maturity with integrity. 5. Communication skills are important (verbal and written) 6. Persuasion often is used by leaders to gain the consent of the followers 7. Leaders need to be perceptive 8. Leaders participate in social activities

LEADERSHIP ability to lead: ability to guide, direct, or influence people Leadership the interpersonal process that involves motivating and guiding others to achieve goals. LEADERSHIP as affecting people so that they will strive willingly toward group goals. the process of persuasion and example by which an individual induces a group to take action that is in record with the leaders purposes or the shared purposes of all. Leading is the process of ensuring that personnel do what they are supposed to do in order to accomplish the goals of the organization!

SITUATIONAL THEORY the traits required of a leader differ according to varying situations. a person may be a leader in one situation and a follower in another because the type of leadership depends on the situation

SITUATIONAL LEADERSHIP ACTIVITIES THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP GREAT MAN THEORY (aristolian philosophy) this theory argues that a few people are born with necessary characteristics to be great. uses instrumental and supportive leadership. it suggests that leadership cannot be developed. 1. clarifying expectations of staff associates 2. scheduling work 3. making assignments 4. determining procedures 5. setting standards

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CONTINGENCY THEORY Leadership style will be effective or ineffective depending on the situation. Fred Fiedler identified 3 aspects of a situation that structure the leaders role: 1. leader-member relations 2. task structure 3. position power

BEHAVIORAL THEORY Highlights the importance of understanding human behavior Human behavior are complex and leaders must have a good academic preparation in behavioral sciences

PATH GOAL THEORY the leader facilitates task accomplishment by minimizing obstructions to the goals and by rewarding followers for completing their tasks.

Application of Leadership Theory a) Call Center (BPO) b) Nursing Education c) Nursing Services

Notes prepared by GROUP 6 TRANSACTIONAL LEADERSHIP / MANAGEMENT THEORY it is a contract for mutual benefits that has contingent rewards short-lived, episodic and task-based Joey P. Ciocon, RN Maeshiel P. Ciocon, RN Irvin Kho, RN Mary Hope A. Lima, RN Reyval P. Monotilla, RN Dwight T. Saril, RN Ben Ryan J. Sauce, RN Ernest John E. Siulim, RN Vincent F. Torrefranca, RN Romeo D. Tupas, RN

TRANSFORMATIONAL / RELATIONSHIP LEADERSHIP is a cooperative, process-focused networking it promotes employee development attends to needs and motives of followers Inspires through optimism influences changes in optimism provides intellectual stimulation encourages follower creativity Idealized influence Inspirational motivation Intellectual stimulation Individualized consideration

5 TYPES OF KNOWLEDGE NEEDED BY A LEADER 1. Knowing oneself 2. knowing the job 3. knowing the organization 4. knowing the business 5. knowing the world

INTERACTIONAL / PARTICIPATIVE THEORY Interaction between person and situation Stimulus elicits response behavior

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