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A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE CAMERA January 9, 2010 by Big History in Technology The essential principles of camera were studied

ed by Ancient Greek and Chinese phi losophers many centuries ago. The first genuine camera was not invented until th e 19th century. Nowadays people take photography for granted because it has beco me very universal but it took many years of innovation and failed experiments to become a resourceful medium today. History A book written by Robert Hirsch about camera called Seizing the Light: A History of Photography says that the camera was evolved from the camera obscura which was first discovered around 5 B.C. The same principles are utilized by the pinhole photography of today. Lenses and diaphragms were added throughout the 1500s whic h successfully allowed sharper image projection and greater light control. Camera1 A Brief History of the Camera Joseph Nipce was made the first permanent photograph in 1826 following the earlie r studies of Johann Schultz. As the technology and processing techniques continu ed to advance, it replaced painting as the preferred medium of portrait because of the camera s ability to capture realistic and natural images. New understandings of time and vision were developed with the invention of faste r shutter speeds. Amateurs were able to take snapshots with their own handheld c ameras by the late 1800s. Soon photography became widely accepted as a medium of fine art. Evolution Photographers did experiments with many mediums after Nipce. One famous result wa s the Daguerreotype which was silver plate bearing an accurate and detailed imag e. A bellowed camera was invented in the shape of an improved design with more f lexibility and lens focal length in the mid 1850 Paper film was invented by George Eastman near the end of century. This made fas ter camera shutters and easier processing credible. Innovative inventions like f lash, 35mm, color films, electronic, instant and even digital cameras throughout the 1900s marked a progress towards smarter photographic technology that contin ues till today. Functions The functions of camera have advanced as compared the early camera although the basic function remains the same. The mechanism of a camera allows reflected ligh t to pass through an opening or lens which projects an inverted image of the ref lected object on the opposite surface. If that surface is light sensitive like f ilm or the chemically treated plates and then it captures a negative image. The technology of faster shutter speeds, flexible aperture design and highly sensiti ve film are essential to modern functionality of the camera. The quantity of ava ilable light and the length of time it exposes the film directly affects the qua lity of the photograph. Nowadays, it takes a less than a second to take a pictur e now but early cameras required a long time for proper exposure. Features The features of cameras have developed with the development of technology. Moder

n camera features several fundamental components. The camera features a regular changing of lenses and is also available in many altering varieties. Other featu res include focus mechanisms that are in-built. The shutter keeps light from hit ting the film until the picture is taken and then opens to expose it for the app ropriate amount of time. The Internal mirrors reflect light through the viewfind er so the image can be seen before shooting or without exposing the film. Quanti ty of light can be changed by adjusting the aperture. The controls on body of th e camera can adjust the settings of shutter speed and aperture. Extra additional features can include flash bulbs, light meters, automatic exposure options and filters. Importance The camera has a really amazing effect on the modern world. Initially it was val ued most for making portraits available to the commercial class but with its dev elopment, photography has changed the way we see, interpret and interact with th e world. Photography has advanced our understanding of vision and movement and i t has given birth to moving pictures. We can preserve and remember people, event s, and places and even view them from thousands of miles away. Artists can paint with light and scientists can capture pictures of microscopic organisms and gal axies far away.