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LAMPIRAN

KUESIONER I HUBUNGAN MEROKOK DENGAN LBP (LOW BACK PAIN)

Tanggal wawancara : IDENTITAS Nama responden Umur Jenis kelamin Alamat Pekerjaan Data kesehatan : : ............ tahun : : : : Berat badan : .. kg Tinggi badan : .. cm Pertanyaan : 1. Apakah anda sering merasa nyeri pada punggung bagian bawah? 1. Ya 2. Tidak ( lanjut kuesioner 2)

2. Jika Ya, seperti apakah nyeri yang anda rasakan: a. Apakah nyeri dirasakan hilang timbul? 1. Ya 2.Tidak

b. Apakah nyeri dirasakan menjalar sampai ke ujung kaki? 1. Ya 2. Tidak

c. Apakah nyeri dirasakan membaik dengan beristirahat? 1.Ya 2. Tidak

d. dapatkah anda menunjukan lokasi rasa nyeri? 1. Dapat 2. Tidak dapat

KUESIONER II HUBUNGAN MEROKOK DENGAN LBP (LOW BACK PAIN)

Tanggal wawancara:

IDENTITAS Nama responden Umur Jenis kelamin Alamat Pekerjaan : : ............ tahun : : :

Pertanyaan : 1. Apakah anda merokok ? 1. Ya (lanjut no.3) 2. Tidak 2. Jika Tidak, Apakah dulu pernah merokok? 1. Ya 2. Tidak (lanjut no.5)

3. Jika Ya, Sudah berapa lama anda merokok ? 4. Berapa banyak jumlah batang rokok yang anda hisap setiap harinya?

5. Apakah anda pernah mengalami trauma pada punggung bagian bawah? 1. Ya 2. Tidak 6. Apakah anda pernah di diagnosa penyakit tulang lainnya, seperti tumor, infeksi pada tulang,? 1. Ya 2. Tidak 7. Apakah anda sering mengangkat beban berat dan berubah posisi saat mengangkat beban tersebut (memutar badan) ? 1. Ya 2. Tidak 8. Apakah anda sering merasa nyeri pada punggung bagian bawah jika duduk lebih dari 4 jam dalam 1 hari? 1. Ya 2. Tidak

Perhitungan Prevalence Risk (PR)

Diagnosis LBP Variabel LBP Perokok a 48 Tidak LBP b 9 Total (a+b) 57

Tidak merokok

c 27

d 16

(c+d) 43

Total

(a+c) 75

(b+d) 25

(a+b+c+d) 100

a/(a+b) PR =
------------------------------- = (48/57) / (27/43) = 1,33

c/(c+d)

Perokok Ringan (PR1) =

a/(a+b) e/(e+f)

= (18/22) / (27/43) = 1,30

P1 = Proporsi yang sakit pada yang tidak terpapar. P2 = Proporsi yang sakit pada yang terpapar. P1 = 27/(27+16) = 0,63 Q1 = (1-0,63) = 0,37 Z = 1,96 P2 = (18+30)/(22+35) = 0,84 Q2 = (1-0,84) = 0,16 Z = 0,842 P = (0,63+0,84) / 2 = 0,735 Q = (1-0,735) = 0,265 n = (100/2) = 50

Perhitungan Z dan ( z 2PQ + z P1Q1 + P2Q2)2 n1 = n2 = ----------------------------------------------------(P1 P2 )2

( z 2(0,735)(0,265)+ 0,84 (0,63)(0,37)+ (0,83)(0,16))2 50 = ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(0,63-0,84)2 (z (0,62) + 0,509)2 50 = -------------------------(- 0,21 )2 2,205 = z (0,62) + 0,509 1,48 = z (0,62) + 0,509 z = 0,94 error = 1 0,94 = 0,06 x 100% = 6 % dikalikan 2 = 6% x 2 = 12% Perhitungan Z dan ( z 2PQ + z P1Q1 + P2Q2)2 n1 = n2 = ---------------------------------------------------(P1 P2 )2 = 1,57

( 1,96 2(0,735)(0,265)+ Z 0,63 x 0,37 + 0,84 x 0,16)2 50 = --------------------------------------------------------------------------------(0,63-0,84)2 ( 1,22 + Z . 0,606)2 50 = -------------------------------(-0,21) 2

2,205

= 1,22 + Z.0,606

1,48 = 1,22 + Z.0,606 Z = 0,43 = 0,66

error = 1- 0,66 = 0,34 x 100% = 34%

power = 1 = 1- 0,34 x 100% = 66 %

1. UNIVARIAT
Statistics Umur N Valid Missing Mean Median Mode Std. Deviation Minimum Maximum

100 0 44.3800 45.0000 40.00 9.43000 30.00 68.00

Jenis Kelamin Frequency Percent Valid pria 60 60.0 wanita 40 40.0 Total 100 100.0 Valid Percent Cumulative Percent 60.0 60.0 40.0 100.0 100.0

Statistics Berat badan (kg) N Valid Missing Mean Median Mode Std. Deviation Minimum Maximum

100 0 58.9800 58.0000 65.00 11.32707 30.00 92.00

Statistics Tinggi badan (cm) N Valid Missing Mean Median Mode Std. Deviation Minimum Maximum

100 0 160.6000 160.0000 160.00 6.82538 145.00 172.00

Statistics IMT (kg/m2) N Valid 100 Missing 0 Mean 22.8351 Median 22.1795 Mode 20.81a Std. Deviation 4.05946 Minimum 13.33 Maximum 32.88 a. Multiple modes exist. The smallest value is shown

Status Gizi Frequency Percent Valid underweigh t normal obese Total 13 78 9 100 13.0 78.0 9.0 100.0 Valid Percent 13.0 78.0 9.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 13.0 91.0 100.0

Diagnosis Frequency Percent 75 75.0 25 25.0 100 100.0 Valid Percent Cumulative Percent 75.0 75.0 25.0 100.0

Valid LBP Tidak LBP Total

100.0

Riwayat merokok Frequenc Valid Cumulative y Percent Percent Percent 57 57,0 57,0 57,0 43 43,0 43,0 100,0 100 100,0 100,0

Valid merokok tidak merokok Total

Trauma punggung Frequency Percent Valid Ya 10 10.0 Tidak 90 90.0 Total 100 100.0 Valid Percent Cumulative Percent 10.0 10.0 90.0 100.0 100.0

Penyakit lainnya Frequency Percent Valid Ya 7 7.0 Tidak 93 93.0 Total 100 100.0 Angkat beban Valid Percent Cumulative Percent 7.0 7.0 93.0 100.0 100.0

Frequency Percent Valid Ya 64 64.0 Tidak 36 36.0 Total 100 100.0

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent 64.0 64.0 36.0 100.0 100.0

Duduk lama Frequency Percent Valid Ya Tidak Total 36 64 100 36.0 64.0 100.0 Valid Percent 36.0 64.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 36.0 100.0

2. BIVARIAT
Descriptives Diagnosis Umur LBP Mean 95% Confidence Interval for Mean 5% Trimmed Mean Median Variance Std. Deviation Minimum Maximum Range Interquartile Range Skewness Kurtosis Mean 95% Confidence Interval for Mean 5% Trimmed Mean Median Variance Std. Deviation Minimum Maximum Range Interquartile Range Skewness Kurtosis Lower Bound Upper Bound

Lower Bound Upper Bound

Std. Statistic Error 45.4267 1.07957 43.2756 47.5778 45.2074 45.0000 87.410 9.34934 30.00 68.00 38.00 14.00 .309 -.743 41.2400 37.4657 45.0143 40.8222 40.0000 83.607 9.14367 30.00 60.00 30.00 15.50 .641 -.560 .464 .902

Tidak LBP

.277 .548 1.82873

Jenis Kelamin * Diagnosis Crosstabulation Diagnosis LBP Jenis Kelamin pria Count % within Jenis Kelamin wanita Count % within Jenis Kelamin Count % within Jenis Kelamin 49 81.7% 26 65.0% 75 75.0% Tidak LBP 11 18.3% 14 35.0% 25 25.0% Total 60 100.0% 40 100.0% 100 100.0%

Total

Chi-Square Tests Value df a 3.556 2.722 3.502 Asymp. Sig. Exact Sig. (2- Exact Sig. (2-sided) sided) (1-sided) 1 .059 1 .099 1 .061 .098 .050 1 .061

Pearson Chi-Square Continuity Correctionb Likelihood Ratio Fisher's Exact Test Linear-by-Linear 3.520 Association N of Valid Cases 100 a. 0 cells (.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 10.00. b. Computed only for a 2x2 table

Riwayat merokok * Diagnosis Crosstabulation Diagnosis LBP Riwayat merokok merokok Count % within Riwayat merokok Count % within Riwayat merokok Count % within Riwayat merokok 48 84.2% 27 62.8% 75 75.0% Tidak LBP 9 15.8% 16 37.2% 25 25.0% Total 57 100.0% 43 100.0% 100 100.0%

tidak merokok Total

Chi-Square Tests Value df a 5.998 4.910 5.979 Asymp. Sig. Exact Sig. (2- Exact Sig. (2-sided) sided) (1-sided) 1 .014 1 .027 1 .014 .020 .014 1 .015

Pearson Chi-Square Continuity Correctionb Likelihood Ratio Fisher's Exact Test Linear-by-Linear 5.938 Association N of Valid Cases 100 a. 0 cells (.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 10.75. b. Computed only for a 2x2 table

Descriptives Diagnosis Berat badan (kg) LBP Mean 95% Confidence Interval for Mean 5% Trimmed Mean Median Variance Std. Deviation Minimum Maximum Range Interquartile Range Skewness Kurtosis Mean 95% Confidence Interval for Mean 5% Trimmed Mean Median Variance Std. Deviation Minimum Maximum Range Interquartile Range Skewness Kurtosis Std. Statistic Error 59.4000 1.24914 56.9110 61.8890 59.0852 60.0000 117.027 10.81790 35.00 92.00 57.00 14.00 .424 .334 57.7200 52.3983 63.0417 57.7556 56.0000 166.210 12.89225 30.00 85.00 55.00 17.00 -.076 .189

Lower Bound Upper Bound

Tidak LBP

.277 .548 2.57845

Lower Bound Upper Bound

.464 .902

Descriptives Diagnosis Tinggibadan (cm) LBP Mean 95% Confidence Interval for Mean 5% Trimmed Mean Median Variance Std. Deviation Minimum Maximum Range Interquartile Range Skewness Kurtosis Mean 95% Confidence Interval for Mean 5% Trimmed Mean Median Variance Std. Deviation Minimum Maximum Range Interquartile Range Skewness Kurtosis Std. Statistic Error 160.8400 .76971 159.3063 162.3737 161.0074 160.0000 44.434 6.66585 145.00 172.00 27.00 12.00 -.334 -.657 159.8800 156.8343 162.9257 159.7778 160.0000 54.443 7.37857 150.00 172.00 22.00 15.00 -.151 -1.210

Lower Bound Upper Bound

Tidak LBP

.277 .548 1.47571

Lower Bound Upper Bound

.464 .902

Descriptives Diagnosis IMT LBP Mean 95% Confidence Interval for Mean 5% Trimmed Mean Median Variance Std. Deviation Minimum Maximum Range Interquartile Range Skewness Kurtosis Mean 95% Confidence Interval for Mean 5% Trimmed Mean Median Variance Std. Deviation Minimum Maximum Range Interquartile Range Skewness Kurtosis

Lower Bound Upper Bound

Std. Statistic Error 22.9344 .44387 22.0500 23.8188 22.8242 22.1367 14.777 3.84406 15.56 32.05 16.50 3.63 .627 .182 22.5372 20.5883 24.4861 22.4885 22.2222 22.292 4.72140 13.33 32.88 19.55 4.43 .164 .706

Tidak LBP

.277 .548 .94428

Lower Bound Upper Bound

.464 .902

Status Gizi * Diagnosis Crosstabulation Diagnosis LBP Status Gizi underweight Count % within Status Gizi normal Count % within Status Gizi obese Count % within Status Gizi Count % within Status Gizi 9 69.2% 60 76.9% 6 66.7% 75 75.0% Tidak LBP 4 30.8% 18 23.1% 3 33.3% 25 25.0% Total 13 100.0% 78 100.0% 9 100.0% 100 100.0%

Total

Chi-Square Tests Value df a .718 .690 .000 Asymp. Sig. (2-sided) 2 .698 2 .708 1 1.000

Pearson Chi-Square Likelihood Ratio Linear-by-Linear Association N of Valid Cases 100 a. 2 cells (33.3%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 2.25.

Status Gizi * Diagnosis Crosstabulation Diagnosis LBP Status Gizi underweight Count % within Status Gizi normal Count % within Status Gizi obese Count % within Status Gizi Count % within Status Gizi 9 69.2% 60 76.9% 6 66.7% 75 75.0% Tidak LBP 4 30.8% 18 23.1% 3 33.3% 25 25.0% Total 13 100.0% 78 100.0% 9 100.0% 100 100.0%

Total

Chi-Square Tests Value df a .718 .690 .000 Asymp. Sig. (2-sided) 2 .698 2 .708 1 1.000

Pearson Chi-Square Likelihood Ratio Linear-by-Linear Association N of Valid Cases 100 a. 2 cells (33.3%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 2.25.

Trauma punggung * Diagnosis Crosstabulation Diagnosis LBP Trauma punggung Ya Count % within Trauma punggung Tidak Count % within Trauma punggung Count % within Trauma punggung 10 100.0% 65 72.2% 75 75.0% Tidak LBP 0 .0% 25 27.8% 25 25.0% Total 10 100.0% 90 100.0% 100 100.0%

Total

Chi-Square Tests Value


a

df

Asymp. Sig. (2-sided)

Exact Sig. (2- Exact Sig. sided) (1-sided)

Pearson Chi-Square 3.704 1 .054 b Continuity Correction 2.370 1 .124 Likelihood Ratio 6.115 1 .013 Fisher's Exact Test .062 .048 Linear-by-Linear 3.667 1 .056 Association N of Valid Cases 100 a. 1 cells (25.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 2.50. b. Computed only for a 2x2 table

Penyakit lainnya * Diagnosis Crosstabulation Diagnosis LBP Penyakit lainnya Ya Count % within Penyakit lainnya Tidak Count % within Penyakit lainnya Count % within Penyakit lainnya 6 85.7% 69 74.2% 75 75.0% Tidak LBP 1 14.3% 24 25.8% 25 25.0% Total 7 100.0% 93 100.0% 100 100.0%

Total

Chi-Square Tests Value df a .461 .051 .515 Asymp. Sig. Exact Sig. (2- Exact Sig. (2-sided) sided) (1-sided) 1 .497 1 .821 1 .473 .677 .438 1 .499

Pearson Chi-Square Continuity Correctionb Likelihood Ratio Fisher's Exact Test Linear-by-Linear .456 Association N of Valid Cases 100 a. 1 cells (25.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 1.75. b. Computed only for a 2x2 table

Angkat beban * Diagnosis Crosstabulation Diagnosis LBP Angkat beban Ya Count % within Angkat beban Tidak Count % within Angkat beban Count % within Angkat beban 50 78.1% 25 69.4% 75 75.0% Tidak LBP 14 21.9% 11 30.6% 25 25.0% Total 64 100.0% 36 100.0% 100 100.0%

Total

Chi-Square Tests Value df a .926 .521 .910 Asymp. Sig. Exact Sig. (2- Exact Sig. (2-sided) sided) (1-sided) 1 .336 1 .470 1 .340 .347 .234 1 .338

Pearson Chi-Square Continuity Correctionb Likelihood Ratio Fisher's Exact Test Linear-by-Linear .917 Association N of Valid Cases 100 a. 0 cells (.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 9.00. b. Computed only for a 2x2 table

Duduk lama * Diagnosis Crosstabulation Diagnosis LBP Duduk lama Ya Count % within Duduk lama Tidak Count % within Duduk lama Count % within Duduk lama 26 72.2% 49 76.6% 75 75.0% Tidak LBP 10 27.8% 15 23.4% 25 25.0% Total 36 100.0% 64 100.0% 100 100.0%

Total

Chi-Square Tests Value df a .231 .058 .229 Asymp. Sig. Exact Sig. (2- Exact Sig. (2-sided) sided) (1-sided) 1 .630 1 .810 1 .632 .638 .401 1 .632

Pearson Chi-Square Continuity Correctionb Likelihood Ratio Fisher's Exact Test Linear-by-Linear .229 Association N of Valid Cases 100 a. 0 cells (.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 9.00. b. Computed only for a 2x2 table

3. MULTIVARIAT
Categorical Variable Information N Factor Jenis Kelamin pria wanita Total 60 40 100 Percent 60,0% 40,0% 100,0%

Continuous Variable Information N Dependent Variable Covariate Diagnosis Umur 100 100 Minimum 1,00 30,00 Maximum 2,00 68,00 Mean 1,2500 44,3800 Std. Deviation ,43519 9,43000

Goodness of Fit

Value Deviance Scaled Deviance Pearson Chi-Square Scaled Pearson Chi-Square Log Likelihood
a

df 97 97 97 97

Value/df ,182

17,649 100,000 17,649 100,000 -55,171 118,341

,182

Akaike's Information Criterion (AIC) Finite Sample Corrected AIC (AICC) Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC) Consistent AIC (CAIC) Dependent Variable: Diagnosis

118,762

128,762

132,762

Model: (Intercept), Jenis_Kelamin, Umur a. The full log likelihood function is displayed and used in computing information criteria.

Goodness of Fit

Value Deviance Scaled Deviance Pearson Chi-Square Scaled Pearson Chi-Square Log Likelihood
a

df 97 97 97 97

Value/df ,182

17,649 100,000 17,649 100,000 -55,171 118,341

,182

Akaike's Information Criterion (AIC) Finite Sample Corrected AIC (AICC) Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC) Consistent AIC (CAIC) Dependent Variable: Diagnosis

118,762

128,762

132,762

Model: (Intercept), Jenis_Kelamin, Umur a. The full log likelihood function is displayed and used in computing information criteria. b. Information criteria are in small-is-better form.

Omnibus Test

Likelihood Ratio Chi-Square 6,049 df 2 Sig. ,049

Dependent Variable: Diagnosis Model: (Intercept), Jenis_Kelamin, Umur a. Compares the fitted model against the intercept-only model.

Tests of Model Effects

Source

Type III Wald ChiSquare df 58,505 2,270 2,458 1 1 1 Sig. ,000 ,132 ,117

(Intercept) Jenis_Kelamin Umur

Dependent Variable: Diagnosis Model: (Intercept), Jenis_Kelamin, Umur

Estimated Marginal Means: Jenis Kelamin

Estimates Jenis Kelamin Mean pria


dimension0

95% Wald Confidence Interval Std. Error ,05491 ,06765 Lower 1,0891 1,1973 Upper 1,3044 1,4625

1,1967 1,3299

wanita

Covariates appearing in the model are fixed at the following values: Umur=44,3800

Individual Test Results Jenis Kelamin Deviation Contrast Level pria vs. Mean
dimensi on0

Contrast Estimate -,0666 ,0666 Std. Error ,04419 ,04419

Wald ChiSquare 2,270 2,270 df 1 1 Sig. ,132 ,132

Level wanita vs. Mean

Overall Test Results Wald ChiSquare 2,270 df 1 Sig. ,132