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Simply About the First Law

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ru

kanphil@mail.ru http://kubagro.ru/science/prof.php?kanarev

The announcement. The inaccuracy of the first law of dynamics is obvious and conclusive. The first old law of dynamics says: the sum of the forces working on in regular intervals moving body, is equal to zero. In view of it the equations of the forces working, for example, on in regular intervals flying plane are made, and there is, that a sum of the forces working on it, is equal to zero, but it flies. This fundamental contradiction most of all revolted pilots but experts on theoretical mechanics had no answer to this question till July 2009 year when the new first law of dynamics has been formulated and its reliability is proved. The new first law of classical dynamics says: the sum of the forces working on the moving body, is never equal to zero. The proof of the new first law of dynamics simple enough, but difficultly perceived to be released by those who is at a loss from old stereotyped scientific representations. Therefore we shall result it once again. On fig. 1, a the change of force of resistance F C is submitted graphically to movement of the automobile at accelerated , uniform and slowed down - movements.

Fig. 1. ) - the circuit of change of forces of resistance F C at accelerated , uniform and slowed down movements of the automobile; b) the circuit of the forces working on the automobile at accelerated movement; ) the circuit of the forces working on the automobile at uniform movement; ) the circuit of the forces working on the automobile at slowed down movement At accelerated movement (fig. 1, b) on the automobile operates newtons active force F generated by its engine; the force of inertia F i directed opposite to acceleration of the automobile and consequently braking its movement; total force of all external resistance F C which also is directed opposite to movement of the automobile. In result we have the conclusive equation of the forces working on accelerated moving automobile (fig. 1, b)

2

F = Fi + FC

(1)

If to agree with Dalamber who considered, that the size of force of inertia F i is equal to the mass m of a body increased on the same acceleration which arises at action newtons forces F so the force of resistance F C which is included in the equation (1), appears equal to zero. An output from this contradiction one: to count, that the acceleration a i formed by force of inertia F i , it is not equal to the acceleration formed by newtons force F . Then in the developed kind the equation (1) will be written down so

m a = m ai + F c

(2)

and also there is a question: in what physical essence of occurrence of two accelerations? The answer is almost obvious. Inertial acceleration a i corresponds to movement of the automobile in vacuum at full absence of forces of resistance ( F C = 0 ), and newtons acceleration appears, in this case, at presence of forces of resistance F C . From the equation (2) the force of the inertia F i working on the automobile at its accelerated movement follows, that, is equal

F i = m ai = F F c .

(3)

When the automobile starts to move in regular intervals (fig. 1, ) force of inertia F i automatically changes the direction on opposite and the equation of the sum of the forces (1) working on the automobile, becomes such

F + Fi = FC .

(4)

The essence of this equation consists that uniform movement of the automobile is provided with force of inertia F i , and the force F generated by the engine of the automobile, overcomes all external resistance F C . If to switch off transfer newtons force F will disappear (fig. 1, d) and two opposite directed forces will stay: force of inertia F i and force of resistance to movement F C . As force of inertia has no the source supporting it in a constant condition it appears less forces of resistance to movement ( F i < F c ) and the automobile, starting to move in a slowed-up way (fig. 1, d), gradually stops (fig. 1, point ). In view of it there are bases to name force of inertia passive force. Apparently (4), at uniform movement of the automobile the sum of the forces working on it, is not equal to zero. This implies the new first law of classical dynamics: the sum of the forces working on the moving body, is never equal to zero. Now we can answer a question of the pilot: why the sum of the forces working on in regular intervals flying plane, is equal to a zero? Because this erroneous statement incorporated in the old first law of dynamics. According to the new first law of dynamics , the sum of the forces working on in regular intervals flying plane, is not equal to zero (4). The force driving the plane in regular intervals, is force of inertia which has been directed opposite to its movement when it moved accelerated (flied up). As soon as the plane starts to fly in regular intervals force of inertia changes the direction on opposite and coincides with the force created by engines of the plane. In result force of inertia starts to provide uniform flight of the plane, and force of engines of the plane - to overcome forces of resistance to flight. Thus, uniform flight of the plane to be described by the formula (4) which the sum of forces is not equal to a zero.

3 Let's pay attention to that the distance of movement of the automobile with acceleration S1 is less than distance of movement with delay S 3 S 2 . It is caused by that on a site S1 the size of forces of resistance F C at dispersal of the automobile is more than forces of resistance at the slowed down movement because at the slowed down movement the engine and a box of transfers is switched off. It - the main reason of economy of fuel at driving with periodic deenergizing transfer. Certainly, frequency of motion cycles of the automobile with the included and switched off transfer big enough. What if a similar pulse mode to use at rotary movement of a body? The detailed analysis of the new first law of dynamics has shown, that efficiency of rotary process can be increased considerably if to generate sine wave pulses of the mechanical moments in system of a drive the electric motor - consumer and to cut off negative amplitudes of pulses with the help of outrun muff. At start-up of the electric motor all rotating details, increasing revolutions, get the inertial moments which interfere with rotation of the engine. When the engine passes to constant revolutions the inertial moments from a braking condition pass in a condition supporting in regular intervals rotating drive of the electric motor. In such position there is no need to form the continuous rotating moment of the electric motor. For preservation of the established revolutions of the electric motor it is enough to influence a shaft of a drive sine wave pulses of the moments of the centrifugal forces generated by the disbalances. If in system of a drive to establish the outrun muff it will cut off negative braking amplitudes sinus varying pulses of the moments of centrifugal forces of disbalances, and positive amplitudes will be transferred the consumer and thus to release a shaft of the electric motor from loading. The described principle of reduction of the charge of the electric power of electric motor is realized by Russian engineer Linevich Edvid Ivanovichem. He has proved experimentally, that presence in mechanical transfer of the electric motor disbalances results in increase in mechanical power at its shaft which repeatedly exceeds electric power on a drive of the electric motor [1]. The author has patented the invention in Russia and in China. The European Community patents now his invention in 150 countries. The conclusion It was required to experts of theoretical classical mechanics more than 300 years to establish an inaccuracy of the first law of dynamics. It closed physical essence of transformation of force of the inertia interfering accelerated movement of a body, by virtue of the inertia, driving a body at its transition to uniform movement. The new first law of dynamics eliminates all contradictions and shows, how it operates movements of all bodies, including photons, and we on a way of the detailed description of dynamics of this movement [2], [3]. The literature 1. Linevich E.I. Application of centrifugal force as a power source. http://www.dlinevitch.narod.ru/pages.htm 2. Kanarev Ph.M. The Foundation of Physchemistry of Vicroworld. 12-th edition. Volume I. Krasnodar 2009. 687 pages. http://kubagro.ru/science/prof.php?kanarev + English 3. Kanarev Ph.M. The Foundation of Physchemistry of Vicroworld. 10-th edition. http://Kanarev.innoplaza.net

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