Anda di halaman 1dari 3

# Solution

0 = n u

at control pt #1:

The velocity at control pt #1 is the sum of the freestream + 3 point vortices
velocities at that point:

1 2 3
1
2 2 2
2 2 2
u V i i i j

= + +
| | | | | |
| | |
\ . \ . \ .

The normal at control pt #1 is:

1
1 2
1 1
0
2 2
2 2
n i
u n V

=

= + =
| | | |
| |
\ . \ .

Rearranging:

1 2
V

=

(1)

0 = n u

at control pt #2:

Now, following the same procedure for control pt #2:

=10 miles
V = 100 mph
8

3
x
y
Solution
16.100 2002 2

2
2 3
2 2
1 3
2 2
0
2
n i j
V
u n

= +

= + =

2 3
2
V

=

(2)

0 = n u

at control pt #3:

3
1 3
3 3
1 3
2 2
0
2
n i j
V
u n

=

= + =

1 3
2
V

+ =

(3)

Final System of Equations

Combine the numbered equations:

1
2
3
vortex
strengths
(unknowns)
Influence matrix
1 1
0
1 1
0
2
1 1
0
2
i
V n
V
V
V

(
(

(
(

(
(
(
(
(
(
=
(
(
(
(
(
(
( (

i

The problem with these equations is that they have infinitely many solutions.
One clue is that the determinant of the matrix is zero. In particular we can add a
constant strength to any solution because:

0
0
0
influence
0
matrix
(

(
(
(
(
=
(
(
(
(

Solution
16.100 2002 3
Given a solution
0
0
0

(
(

(
(

, then
1 0
2 0
3 0

( (
( (
+
( (
( (

is also a solution where
0
is arbitrary.

So, how do we resolve this?

2 2
. . . .
1 1
2 2
t e upper t e lower
p V p V + = +
0
upper lower
V V =

Whats the Kutta condition for the windy city problem:

Kutta:
3
0 = no flow around node 3!

So, we can now solve our system of equations starting with 0
3
=

1
2
3
2
2
0
V
V

=
=
=

V
8