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Scheme & Syllabus for V & VI Semesters B.E.

- Electrical and Electronics (E&E) Engineering 2011-12

V Semester
Subject Subject Name Code EE501 Linear Control Systems EE502 Power Electronics Engineering EE503 Electromagnetics Power System Analysis & EE504 Stability Transmission & EE505 Distribution EE506 Digital Signal Processing DC & Synchronous EE507 Machines lab EE508 Microprocessor lab Total Credits L T P 3 1 4 3 1 3 1 4 C 4 4 4 4 4 4 Electives

3 1 -

No Electives Proposed

3 1.5 3 1.5 27

List of electives VI Semester

VI Semester
EE601 EE602 EE603 EE604 EE605 EE606 EE6XX EE6XX Modern Control Theory Switch Gear & Protection Power System Operation & Control Electrical Machine Design Control Systems lab Power Electronics lab ELECTIVE-I ELECTIVE-II Total Credits 3 1 4 3 1 4 4 4

2 2 4 - - 3 1.5 - - 3 1.5 4 - 4 4 4 - 27

EE651Computer Organization EE652 Advanced Electrical Machines EE653Operational Amplifiers & Linear ICs EE654Electrical Engineering Materials EE655-Object Oriented Programming Concepts EE656Network Synthesis & Active Filter Design EE657- Electronics Instrumentation Techniques EE658Switching & Finite Automata Theory EE659Testing and Commissioning of Electrical Equipment EE660Renewable Energy Sources

Detailed Syllabus for V & VI Semesters B.E. - Electrical and Electronics (E&E) Engineering V Semester: EE501 - LINEAR CONTROL SYSTEMS (3-1-0) 4


Unit 1: Modeling of Systems: Definition of control systems, open loop and closed loop systems, types of feedback, Differential equations of physical systems, analogous systems. 05 Hrs. Unit 2: Transfer function, Determinations of transfer function for electrical, mechanical and electromechanical systems. 05 Hrs. Unit 3: Block Diagrams And Signal Flow Graphs: Block diagram representation & reduction, signal flow graph representation and reduction using Masons gain formula. 06 Hrs. Unit 4: Time Response Of Feedback Control Systems: Standard test signals, steady state error and error constants, Unit step response of first and second order systems. 05 Hrs. Unit 5: Time domain specifications and transient response of a prototype second order system. P, PI, PD and PID Controllers. 07 Hrs. Unit 6: Stability Analysis: Bounded input and bounded output stability, zero input and asymptotic stability, methods of determining stability, Routh-Hurwitz criterion. 06 Hrs. Unit 7: Root Locus Techniques: Root locus concepts, Rules for construction of root loci, Stability analysis. 06 Hrs. Unit 8: Frequency Domain Analysis: Polar plots, Bode plots, Gain and Phase cross over points, Frequency domain specifications - resonant peak, resonant frequency and bandwidth, effect of adding a zero or pole to the forward path transfer function, Nyquist stability criterion, relative stability analysis using polar plot and Bode plot. 12 Hrs. Text Book: 1. Nagrath and Gopal, Control System Engineering, New Age Internatl, 4th Edition, 2005. References: 2. K. Ogata, Modern Control Engineering, PHI/Pearson Education, 4th Edition, 2002. 3. Smarajit Ghosh, Control Systems: Theory and application, Pearson Education, 2004.


UNIT 1: Power Semiconductor devices: Introduction, Applications of Power Electronics, power semiconductor devices, Control characteristics, Types of Power Electronic circuits, peripheral effects; 06 Hrs. UNIT 2: Power Transistors: Introduction Power Bipolar Junction Transistors, switching characteristics, switching limits, base-drive control Power MOSFETs, switching characteristics, gate drive, IGBTs, di/dt and dv/dt limitations, Isolation of gate and base drives. 07 Hrs. UNIT 3: Thyristors: characteristics, two transistor model of Thyristor, turn-on and turn-off, di/dt and dv/dt protection, Thyristor types, series and parallel operation of Thyristors, Thyristor firing circuits; 06 Hrs. UNIT 4: Thyristor Commutation Techniques: Introduction, Natural commutation, Forced commutation, self commutation, Impulse commutation, Resonant pulse commutation and complementary commutation 07 Hrs. UNIT 5: AC Voltage Controllers Techniques: Introduction, Principle of ON-OFF control, Principle of phase control, single phase Bi-directional controller with resistive loads, single phase controllers with inductive loads 06 Hrs.

UNIT 6: controlled Rectifiers: Introduction principle & operation of phase controlled converter, single phase semiconductors, single phase full converters, single phase dual converters, 3 phase half wave converters, 3phase full converters 07 Hrs. UNIT 7: DC Choppers: Introduction, Principle of step-down and step-up choppers, step-down chopper with RL loads Chopper classifications, 06 Hrs. UNIT 8: Inverters: Principle of operation, performance parameters, single phase bridge inverters, 3-phase inverters, voltage control of single phase inverters, current source inverter, variable DC link inverter. 07 Hrs. Text Book: 1. M H Rashid, Power Electronics, Second edition, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2002 References: 2 M D Singh & Kanchandani, Power Electronics, TMH publishing company limited, Reprint 2001 3. Dr. P.S. Bimbhra, Power Electronics, Khanna Publishers 1996


UNIT 1: Coulombs Law, Electric field intensity, Electric field intensity calculations due to point charge, line charge and surface charge - examples. 07 Hours UNIT 2: Electric flux density, Gausss law, Examples on Gausss law applications, Vector operator and Divergence theorem Statement and proof. 07 Hours UNIT 3: Work done in moving a point charge in an electric field and its line integral, Definition of potential difference and potential, Electric field as a negative gradient of potential. 06 Hours UNIT 4: Current and current density, Equation of continuity, Metallic conductors, Properties of conductors, Boundary conditions for perfect dielectrics and examples. 07 Hours UNIT 5: Capacitance and examples, Poissons and Laplaces equations, Uniqueness theorem and examples of Laplaces equations solutions. 07 Hours UNIT 6: Steady magnetic field, Biot-Savarts law, Amperes circuit law, Curl, Stokes theorem - statement, Magnetic flux and flux density, Scalar and vector magnetic potentials. 06 Hours UNIT 7: Force on a moving charge Lorentz force equation, Force on a differential current element and between differential current elements, Force and torque on a closed circuit. Classification and properties of magnetic materials, Self inductance. 06 Hours UNIT 8: Time-varying fields, Faradays Law, Transformer and Motional e.m.f., Displacement current, Maxwells equations in point and integral forms. 06 Hours Text Book: 1. Matthew N.O. Sadiku, Elements of Electromagnetics, Third Edition, Oxford University Press, 2000. References: 2. William H. Hayt Jr. and John A. Buck, Engineering Electromagnetics, 7th Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2005. 3. D. Ganesh Rao and C. K. Narayanappa, Engineering Electromagnetics A simplified approach, Revised Edition, Sanguine Technical publishers, 2004.


Unit 1: Representation of Power system Components: Circuit models of transmission line, synchronous machines, transformer & load, one line diagram, impedance and reactance diagram, per-unit system, per unit impedance diagram of power system. 08 Hours Unit 2: (a) Formation of YBUS by the method of rule of inspection. (b) Symmetrical 3 Phase faults: Short circuit currents and the reactance of synchronous machines, selection of circuit breakers, illustrative examples. 06 Hours Unit 3: Symmetrical components: Analysis of unbalanced loads against balanced 3-phase supply, neutral shift, resolution of unbalanced phasors into their symmetrical components, phase shift of symmetrical components in - transformer bank, power in terms of symmetrical components, analysis of balanced and unbalanced loads against unbalanced 3 supply, illustrative examples. 08 Hours Unit 4: Sequence impedances and sequence networks: Positive, negative and zero sequence impedances and networks of power system elements. (Alternator, transformer and transmission line), illustrative examples. 06 Hours Unit 5: Unsymmetrical faults: L-G, L-L, L-L-G, LLLG faults on an unloaded alternator with-out and with the fault impedance, illustrative examples. 06 Hours Unit 6: Unsymmetrical faults on a power system with-out and with the fault impedance. Open conductor faults in power systems, illustrative examples. 06 Hours Unit 7: Stability Studies: Steady state and transient stability, definitions, power limits, bad effects of instability, power angle equation, rotor dynamics and the swing equation, significance of swing equation, inertia constants, equation for kinetic energy and inertia constants, illustrative examples. 06 Hours Unit 8: Solution of swing equation: Exposure to the various methods of solving swing equation, step-by-step method- I and II, determination of the stability status of a system by the concept of equal area criterion of stability, illustrative examples. 06 Hours Text Books: 1. W.D. Stevenson, Elements of Power System Analysis, McGraw Hill, 2004. References: 2. J. Nagrath and D. P. Kothari, Modern Power System Analysis, Third Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 2003. 3. K. Uma Rao, Computer Techniques and models in power systems, IK International Pub. House Pvt. Ltd., 2007.


UNIT-1: a) Typical transmission and Distribution: standard voltages for Transmission, Advantages of high voltage transmission, feeders, distributors and service mains, b) Overhead transmission line: Definition of sag, sag calculation in conductors-a) Suspended on level supports b) supports at different levels. Effect of wind and ice, Tension and sag at erection, stringing chart 08 Hours UNIT-2: Line parameters: calculation of inductance of single phase, three phase lines with Equilateral and unsymmetrical spacing, inductance of composite- Conductor lines. 06 Hours UNIT-3: Line parameters contd.: Capacitance-calculation for two wires and three phase Lines, capacitance calculation for two wires 3phase lines with equilateral and Unsymmetrical spacing. 06 Hours UNIT-4: Characteristics and performance of power transmission lines: short transmission lines, medium transmission lines, nominal T and representation of long lines. 06 Hours UNIT-5: Characteristics and performance of power transmission lines cont.: network representation of long transmission lines. ABCD Constants. Equivalent T and 06 Hours

UNIT-6: Insulators: Types, potential distribution over a string of suspension insulators. String Efficiency and methods of increasing string efficiency and methods of increasing String efficiency, testing of insulators. 06 Hours

UNIT-7: Underground Cables: Types, material used. Insulation resistance, thermal rating of Cables, charging current. Grading of cables, capacitance grading and inter sheath Grading, testing of cables. 06 Hours UNIT-8: a) Corona: Phenomena, expression for disruptive and visual critical voltages and Corona power loss. b) Distribution: Radial & ring main systems, AC to DC distribution: Calculation for Concentrated loads. 08 Hrs. Text Book: 1. Soni Gupta & Bhatnagar, A Course of Electrical Power, Dhanpat Rai and Sons (New Delhi) 2005. References: 2 S.L. Uppal, Electrical Power, 12th Edition 1986 3 B.L Theraja & A.K Theraja. Electric technology Volume -3, S .Chand & Company Ltd., 2005


Unit 1: Discrete Fourier Transforms: Definitions, circular shift, Properties of DFTs circular convolution, periodic convolution, use of tabular arrays, circular arrays, 06 Hours Unit 2: Stockhams method, linear convolution of two finite duration sequences, filtering of long sequences. 06 Hours Unit 3: Fast Fourier transforms algorithms: Introduction, decimation in time algorithm, computational efficiency, decimation in frequency algorithm, decomposition for N a composite number, computation of DFTs and IDFTs. 08 Hours Unit 4: Realization of digital systems: Introduction, block diagrams, Signal Flow Graphs, matrix representation, realization of IIR systems-direct form, cascade form, parallel form. 06 Hours Unit 5: Realization of FIR systems: Introduction, Direct form, cascade form, linear phase realizations. 06 Hours Unit 6: Design of IIR Digital filters: Introduction, Types of filters, Analog Butterworth and Chebyshev filters, frequency transformations. 06 Hours Unit 7: Methods of Designing Digital Filters, Impulse Invariant and Bilinear Transformations, Design of digital Butterworth and Chebyshev filters, frequency transformations. 08 Hours Unit 8: Design of FIR Digital filters: Introduction, hamming windows, frequency sampling technique. windowing, rectangular, modified rectangular, 06 Hours

Text Book: 1. John G. Proakis and Dimitris G. Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing: Principle, Algorithms and Applications, Fourth Edition, PHI, 2007 References: 2. Johnny R. Johnson, Introduction to Digital Signal Processing, PHI, 2003 3. B. Somanathan Nair, Digital Signal Processing, PHI. 2003


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Open circuit characteristics of a D.C. Shunt Generator and determination of critical resistance Load Characteristics of a D.C. Shunt Generator. Load test on a DC shunt Motor determination of speed-torque and BHP-efficiency characteristics Speed control of DC shunt motor by Armature Voltage control and Flux control. Swinburnes test Hopkintons Test Retardation test on DC shunt motor. Load test on DC compound generator. Voltage Regulation of Alternator by EMF and MMF methods. Voltage regulation of an alternator by zero power factor method.

11. Determination of Xd , Xq & regulation of a salient pole alternator : Slip rest 12. Performance of synchronous generator connected to infinite bus, constant power-variable excitation & vice versa 13. V and inverted V curves of a synchronous motor.

EE508 - MICROPROCESSOR LAB (0-0-3) 1.5

In the first session of the lab, the student should familiarize with the following: Important ICs on the trainer kit (if visible); Memory map of the kit showing user R/WM, monitor ROM, scratch pad R/WM used by the monitor; Entering program, and data; How to debug the program using single-step mode and go-mode; Useful monitor subroutines and their locations in the memory.

Experiments: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. PART A (Programming) Simple programs using mainly data transfer instructions. Programs involving arithmetic operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of 8 bit data bytes. Programs involving arithmetic operations like addition and subtraction of 16 bit data bytes. Programs involving looping, indexing and counting. Programs requiring logical operations like logical OR, AND, XOR, shift and rotate. Programs on counters and delay routines. (Eg. BCD or Hex up/down counting requiring monitor subroutines to display the result in the data/address field of display) Programs using subroutines and look-up table techniques. Programs for code conversion (Eg. BCD to binary, binary to BCD etc.) PART B (Interfacing) Programs on keyboard interface. Programs for an 8-bit DAC interface to generate different waveforms and patterns on the CRO. Programs using interrupts. Program for a multi-channel ADC interface to read a digital equivalent of an analog signal. Programs for a stepper motor interface.

9. 10. 11. 12. 13.

NOTE: Each student has to do one question in each part of the above experiments in the examination individually.


Unit 1: Introduction to State variable analysis: Limitations of classical control theory, Concept of state, State variables, state space model for physical systems electrical, mechanical and electromechanical systems. 08 Hrs. Unit 2: State Space Model: State model of linear systems from differential equations and transfer functions, series and parallel decomposition, transfer matrices from state model 06 Hrs. Unit 3 Canonical Models: Phase variable form, observable canonical model, diagonal canonical model, Jordan canonical model, Diagonalisation. 06 Hrs. Unit 4 Time Domain Analysis in State Space: Solution of time invariant state equation, state transition matrix(STM) & its properties, computation of STM using Power series, Laplace transformation and Cayley-Hamilton method. 08 Hrs.

Unit 5 Controllability and Observability: concept of controllability and observability, Criterion for controllability and observability - Kalmans test and Gilberts method. 06 Hrs. Unit 6 Pole placement Techniques: Stability improvements by State feed back, necessary and sufficient conditions for Arbitrary pole placement, Design of state feedback controllers, Ackermans formula, design of state observers, reduced order observers. 08 Hrs.

Unit 7 Stability Analysis: Concept of stability, equilibrium points, Liapunovs stability definitions, Local linearization and stability in the small, First method of Liapunov, Sign definiteness of scalar functions, Liapunovs function and second method of Liapunov, Liapunovs method for Linear time invariant systems. 05 Hrs. Unit 8 Stability of Non-linear systems: Stability of non linear systems by the method of Liapunov, Krasovskis theorem, variable gradient method. 05 Hrs. Text Book: 1. K.P. Mohandas, Modern Control Engineering, Sanguine Technical publishers, 2006. References: 2. M. Gopal, Digital Control & State Variable Methods, 2nd Ed, Tata McGraw Hill, 2003 3. I.J. Nagrath and M. Gopal, Control System Engineering, New Age International 4th Edition, 2005.


UNIT 1: Switches and Fuses: Insulator, Earthing switches, Load breaking switch, fuse, types of fuse, types of fuse, fuse material, cut off characteristics of fuse, Discrimination, selection of fuse links, HRC fuse, Drop out fuse, Application of fuse 07 Hours UNIT 2 & 3 Principles of Circuit breakers: Functions of Circuit breakers, Current interruption in AC circuit breaker, transient Recovery voltage(TRV),factors affecting TRV, Restriking Voltage, Derivation of restriking Voltage, RRRV, Recovery Voltage, Initiation, maintenance and interruption of Arc, Arc Extinction modes, Arc interruption theories Slepains theory and Energy balance theory, Current chopping, , Current chopping, Interruption of capacitive current, DC Circuit breaking. 12 Hours UNIT 4 Circuit breakers: Rating of circuit breakers, classification of circuit breakers, Air- break circuit breakers, Air blast circuit breakers, Properties of SF6,SF6 circuit breakers, Vacuum circuit breakers, Making and breaking capacity of circuit breakers, Indirect methods of testing circuit breakers. 07Hours UNIT 5 Protective Relaying: Relay Definition ,faults causes and effects, Zones of protection, Primary and backup protection, qualities of protective relaying, specific terminologies of relevance, classification of Relays, plug setting (PS), Plug setting multiplier (PSM), Time multiplier setting (TMS) and relay Characteristics-DMT and IDMT characteristics. 07 Hours UNIT 6 Induction types relays: Non-directional and directional, Induction type over current relay, , Differential Protection Principle of operation, Biased differential relay, Distance Protection Principle of operation, Impendence relay, Reactance Relay and Mho relay. 07 Hours UNIT 7&8 Protection schemes: a) Alternator protection: Merz-Price protection, protection for stator Inter-turn faults, Earth faults and Rotor faults. Protection for abnormal operating conditions like unbalance loading, loss of Excitation, Over speeding, over current over voltage, b)Induction Motor Protection: Protection against electrical

faults such as phase faults and ground faults, faults in Rotor winding, Abnormal operating conditions such as single phasing, phase reversal and over load, c)Transformer Protection: Buchalz Relay, Differential Protection. 12 Hours Text Book: 1. Sunil S Rao, Switchgear & Protection, Khanna Publishers,1986. References: 2. 2. Badriram & D.N. Vishwakarma, Power System Protection & Switchgear, TMH, 2005. 3. B. Ravindranath & M Chander, Power System Protection and Switchgear, New Age International (P) Limited Publishers, 1977.


Unit 1 Control center operation of power systems: Introduction to SCADA, control center, digital computer configuration, automatic generation control, area control error, operation without central computers, expression for tie-line flow and frequency deviation, parallel operation of generators, area lumped dynamic model. 08 Hours Units 2 & 3 Automatic Generation Control: Automatic voltage regulator, Automatic Load Frequency Control, A VR control loops of generators, performance of AVR, ALFC of single area systems, concept of control area, multiarea systems, POOL operation - two area systems, tie-line bias control. 12 Hours Unit 4 Control of voltage and reactive power: Introduction, generation and absorption of reactive power, relation between voltage, power and reactive power at a node, single machine infinite bus system, methods of voltage control, sub synchronous resonance, voltage stability, voltage collapse. 06 Hours Units 5 & 6 Power system optimization: optimal system operation with thermal plants, incremental production costs for steam power plants, analytical form of generating cost of thermal plants, constraints in economic operation, flow chart, transmission loss as a function of plant generation, the B-coefficients, examples. 12 Hours Unit 7 Unit commitment: statement of the problem, need and importance of Unit commitment, methods- priority list method, dynamic programming method, constraints, spinning reserve, examples. 06 Hours Unit 8 Power system security: Introduction, factors affecting power system security, power system contingency analysis, detection of network problems, network sensitivity methods, calculation of network sensitivity factor, contingency ranking. 08 Hours Text Book: 1. AJ Wood & Woolenburg, Power Generation, Operation & Control, John Wiley & Sons, 1998. References: 2. George .L. Kusic; Computer Aided Power System Analysis, PHI, New Delhi, II Edition Reprint, 2003. 3. I.J. Nagarath and D.P. Kothri, Modern Power system Analysis, TMH, 1993


Unit 1 Basic principles of electrical machine design: Introduction, considerations for the design of electrical machines, limitations. Different types of materials and insulators used in electrical machines. 04 Hours Unit 2 Design of transformers (Single phase and three phase):Brief discussion on construction, Output equation for single phase and three phase transformer, choice of specific loadings, expression for volts/turn, determination of

main dimensions of the core, estimation of number of turns and cross sectional area of Primary and secondary coil. 07 Hours Unit 3 Different types of windings, General arrangement of windings. Design of LV and HV windings, Estimation of losses and no load current, Design of the tank and cooling tubes. 07 Hours Unit 4 Design of Induction motors: Brief discussion on construction, Output equation, choice of specific loadings, main dimensions of three phase induction motor, stator winding design, choice of length of the air gap, estimation of number of slots for the squirrel cage rotor, estimation of dimension of the slot 08 Hours Unit 5: Rotor design, Length of the air gap, Types of rotor, Design of squirrel cage rotor, design of Rotor bars and end ring, design of wound rotor, Estimation of No load current of Induction motor, 08 Hours Unit 6 Design of synchronous machines: Brief discussion on construction, Output equation, choice of specific loadings, short circuit ratio, number of slots for the stator, Design of main dimensions, armature winding, slot details for the stator of salient synchronous machine 06 Hours Unit 7: Design of rotor of salient pole synchronous machine, dimensions of the pole body, estimation of height & number of turns and arrangement of turns for the field winding 06 Hours Unit 8 Design of main dimensions, armature winding, slot details for the stator of nonsalient pole synchronous machine, Design of rotor and field system of non-salient pole machine. 06 Hours Text Book: 1. A.K. Sawhney, A course in electrical machine design, 6th Edition, Dhanpat Rai & Sons, 2006. References: 2. V.N.Mittle, Design of electrical Machines, 4th Edition, Standard Publishers, 1996. 3. Sahnmugsundaran & Palani: Electrical Machine Design Data Hand Book New Age International, 2004.


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. To study the performance characteristics of a synchro-pair. Experiment to draw the speed-torque characteristic of a 2-phase AC Servomotor. To determine the step response of a second-order system and evaluation of time domain specifications. To study the effect of P, PI and PD controller on the step response of a feedback control system. (i) To design a passive RC lag compensating network for the given specifications., viz., the maximum phase lag and the frequency at which it occurs, and to obtain its frequency response. (ii) To determine experimentally the transfer function of the lag compensating network. (i) To design a passive RC lead compensating network for the given specifications, viz., the maximum phase lead and the frequency at which it occurs and to obtain its frequency response. (ii) To determine experimentally the transfer function of the lead compensating network. Experiment to draw the frequency response characteristic of a given lag-lead compensating network. Experiment to draw the speed-torque characteristic of a DC Servomotor. To determine the frequency response of a second-order system and evaluation of frequency domain specifications. (i) Simulation of a typical second order system and determination of step response and evaluation of timedomain specifications using MATLAB. (ii) Analyze the effect of the variation of damping ratio in a typical second order system using MATLAB. MATLAB simulation of root loci of a given transfer function and analysis of the stability of the system. (i) Obtain the phase margin and gain margin for a given transfer function by drawing bode plot and verify the same using MATLAB. (ii) For the same system find the value of gain K for a specified phase margin/gain margin and verify the same using MATLAB.


7. 8. 9. 10.

11. 12.


MATLAB simulation of Nyquist plot of a given transfer function and analysis of the stability of the system.


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Static characteristics of SCR and TRIAC. Static characteristics of MOSFET Static characteristics of TRIAC Controlled HWR and FWR using RC Triggering circuit. for resistive and R-L loads SCR turn-ON circuit using Synchronized UJT relaxation oscillator. Controlled Half wave rectifier using synchronized UJT firing circuit for resistive load. Generation of Firing signals for Thyristors using digital firing circuit AC voltage controller using TRIAC-DIAC combination. Voltage (Impulse) commutated chopper both constant frequency and variable frequency operations. Speed control of a separately excited DC motor. Speed control of universal motor / single phase induction motor. Speed control of stepper motor. Parallel & Series Inverters.


Unit 1 : Basic Structure of Computers: Computers types, Function units: Input unit, Memory unit, Arithmetic & Logic unit, Output unit, Control unit, Basic operational concepts, Bus structures, Software, Performance, Processor clock, Basic performance equation Pipelining & superscalar operation, Clock rate, Performance measurement, Multiprocessor & Multi-computers, Historical perspective: the first generation the second generation, the third generation the fourth generation beyond the fourth generation, Evaluation of performance 04 Hours Unit 2: Machine Instructions & programs: Basic Concepts: Arithmetic operations and characters, Memory locations & Addresses : Byte addressability, Big-endian & Little-endian assignments, Word Alignment, Accessing numbers, characters & character strings, Memory operations, Instruction & Instruction sequencing, Register transfer notation, Assembly Language notation, Basic Instruction types, Instruction Execution & straight line sequencing, Branching, Condition codes, Generating memory addresses, Additional modes. 06 Hours Unit 3 Assembly language, Assembler directives, Number notation, Basic Input/output operations, Stacks & queues, Subroutines, Subroutine nesting & processor stack, Parameter passing, The stack frame, Additional Instructions, Logic Instruction, Shift & Rotate Instructions, Multiplication & Division, Encoding of machine Instruction, general features of CISC & RISC 06 Hours Unit 4 Basic Processing Unit: Some fundamental concepts, Register Transfers, Performing an arithmetic or Logic operation, Fetching a word form memory, Storing a word in memory, Execution of a complete instruction, Branch instruction, Multiple-bus organization, Hardwired control, Micro program sequencing, Microinstruction with next-address field 08 Hours Unit 5 Input/Output Organization: Accessing I/O devices, Interrupts, Interrupt hardware, Enabling & Disabling Interrupts, Handling multiple devices, Controlling device requests, Exceptions, Direct memory Access, Bus Arbitration, Buses: synchronous bus & Asynchronous bus, Interface circuits, Parallel port & Serial port, standard I/O interfaces, PCI bus, SCSI bus, USB. 10 Hours Unit 6 The Memory System: Some basic concepts, Semiconductor RAM memories, Internal organization of memory chips, Static memories, Asynchronous DRAMs, Synchronous DRAMs, Structure of larger memories, Memory

system considerations, Rambus memory, Read-only memories, ROM PROM, EPROM, EEPROM, 05 Hours Unit 7 Flash memory, Speed, Size & Cost, Cache memories, Mapping functions, Performance considerations, Interleaving, Hit rate & Miss penalty, Virtual memories, Address translation, Secondary storage: Magnetic hard disks, Optical Disks 05 Hours Unit 8 Arithmetic operating: Addition & subtraction of signed numbers, addition/subtraction, logic unit, Design of fast adders, carry-look ahead addition, multiplication of positive numbers, signed-operand multiplication, Booth Algorithm, fast multiplication, Bit-pair recording of multipliers, Integer division, floating-point numbers & Operations, IEEE standard for floating-point numbers, Arithmetic operations on Floating-point numbers, Implementing Floating-point Operations. 08 Hours

Text Book: 1. Carl hamacher, Z Vranesic & S Zaky Computer Organization, 5th Edition., Mc graw -Hill, 2002. References: 2 Morris Mano, Computer System Architecture 2nd Edition PHI, 1986. 3 V. Heuring & H. Jordan, Computer system Design & Architecture, Addition-wesley, 1st Edition, 1999.


Unit-1 &2 Electromechanical Energy Conversion: principle, singly excited magnetic systems- electric energy input, magnetic field energy stored, mechanical work done, calculation of the mechanical force, doubly excited magnetic systems, Review of magnetically coupled circuits and their concepts to electrical machines. (T1:1.2 1.3, T2: 9.1, 9.2, 9.4) 12 hours Unit-3&4 General Machine theory: basic machine, conventions, basic 2-pole model, diagrams of DC and AC machines, Krons Primitive Machine, Voltage equation, Torque Equation. (T2: 1.1-1.3, 1.7) 14hours Unit-5 Linear transformations in machines: Power invariance, transformations from: displaced brush axis, 3-phases to 2-phases, rotating axes to stationary axes; Transformed impedance matrix, applications of GM theory, restrictions involved. (T2: 2.1 - 2.8) 06 hours Unit-6 Theory of DC machines: introduction, voltage and torque equations in machine variables, basic types of DC machines, Block Diagrams of DC Machines. (T1: 2.1 - 2.5) 08 hours Unit-7&8 Reference Frame theory: Introduction, equations of transformations, change of variables, stationary circuit variables transformed to the arbitrary reference frame, commonly used reference frames, transformation between reference frames. (T1: 3.2 - 3.6) 12 hours Text Books: 1. Paul C. Krause, Analysis of Electrical Machinery, (International edition), McGraw Hill Book Company, 1987. (Articles:1.2-1.3, 2.1-2.5, 3.2-3.6, 4.1-4.4, 4.7, 5.1-5.5, 7.3, 8.2, 9.6, 9.8) 2. P.S. Bhimbra, Generalized Circuit Theory of Electrical Machines, (First Edition) Khanna Publishers, Delhi, 1975. (Articles: 1.1-1.3, 1.7, 2.1 - 2.8, 9.1, 9.2, 9.4) References: 3. Fitzerald and Kingsley, Electric Machinery, McGraw-Hill/KOGA, 1997.



UNIT 1 & 2 Op-amps as AC Amplifiers: Capacitor coupled voltage follower, High Zin capacitor coupled voltage follower, Capacitor coupled non-inverting amplifier, High Zin capacitor coupled noninverting amplifier, Capacitor coupled inverting amplifier, setting upper cutoff frequency, Capacitor coupled difference amplifier, Use of single polarity supply. 14 Hours UNIT 3 Op-amps frequency Response and Compensation: Op-amp circuit stability, frequency and phase response, frequency compensating methods, op-amp circuit bandwidth, Slew rate effects, Stray capacitance effects, Load capacitance effects, stability precautions. 07 Hours UNIT 4 Signal Processing circuits: Precision half wave and full wave rectifiers, Limiting circuits, Clamping circuits, Peak detectors, Sample-and-hold circuit. 07 Hours

UNIT 5 Op-amps and nonlinear circuits: Op-amps in switching circuits, crossing detectors, Inverting Schmitt trigger circuits, Non-inverting Schmitt circuits, Astable multivibrator, Monostable multivibrator. 07 Hours

UNIT 6 Signal generator: Triangular/Rectangular wave generator, Waveform generator design, Phase shift oscillator, Wein bridge oscillator. 06 Hours
UNIT 7 Active filters: First and second order high pass and low pass filters, Band pass filter, Band stop filter. 06 Hours UNIT 8 DC voltage regulators and specialized IC applications: Voltage regulators basics, voltage follower regulator, phase locked loops, power amplifiers. 05 Hours Text Book: 1. David A. Bell, Operation Amplifiers and Linear ICs, Prentice Hall of India, 2nd Edition, 2008. References: 2. R. Coughlin & F. Driscoll, Operational amplifiers and Linear Integrated Circuits, Prentice Hall of India, 6th Edition, 2004. 3. Ramakanth A. Gayakwad, Op-Amps and Linear Integrated Circuits, 4th Edition, Pearson Education, 2007.
Note: Students are permitted to use op-amp data sheets and standard Resistor and capacitor values list, for solving the design connected numerical problems in the examination. The said information is available in the Appendix of Text authored by David A. Bell.


UNIT 1 Conducting Materials: Review of metallic conduction on the basis of free electron theory, Fermi-Dirac distribution, variation of conductivity with temperature and composition, Materials for electric resistors general electric properties; brushes of electrical machines, lamp filaments, fuses and solder. 06 Hours UNIT 2 Semi conducting materials: Mechanism of conduction in semiconductors, density of carriers in intrinsic semiconductors, the energy gap, types of semiconductors, Hall-effect, compound semiconductors, basic ideas of amorphous and organic semiconductors. Magnetic materials: Classification of magnetic materials, origin of permanent magnetic dipoles, ferromagnetism, hard and soft magnetic materials, Magneto-materials used in electrical machines, instruments and relays. 10 Hours


UNIT 3 Dielectrics: Dielectric polarization under static fields electronic, ionic and dipolar polarizations, behavior of dielectrics in alternating fields, factors influencing dielectric strength and capacitor materials. Insulating materials, complex dielectric constant, dipolar relaxation and dielectric loss. 05 Hours UNIT 4 Insulating materials: Inorganic materials (mica, glass, porcelain, asbestos), organic materials (paper, rubber, cotton, silk, fiber, wood, plastics and bakelite), resins and varnishes, liquid insulators (transformer oil), gaseous insulators (Air, SF6 and Nitrogen) and ageing of insulators. 05 Hours UNIT 5 Materials for special applications: Materials for solar cells, fuel cells and battery. Material coatings for enhanced solar thermal energy collection and solar selective coatings, cold mirror coatings, heat mirror coatings, anti-reflection coatings, sintered alloys for breaker and switch contacts. 06 Hours

UNIT 6 Modern techniques for material studies: Optical microscopy, Electron microscopy, Photo electron spectroscopy, Atomic absorption spectroscopy, magnetic resonance, nuclear magnetic resonance, electron spin resonance and ferromagnetic resonance 06 Hours UNIT 7 Introduction, properties and application of Piezo-electric materials, Eletrostrictive materials, Ferromagnetic materials, Magnetostrictive materials, Shape memory alloys, Electro archeological fluids, Magnetoarcheological fluids, Smart hydrogels. 06 Hours UNIT 8 Ceramics: Properties, application to conductors, insulator and capacitors. Plastics: Thermoplastics, rubber, thermostats, properties. 08 Hours Text book: 1. Ian P. Jones, Materials Science for Electrical & Electronics Engineering, 1st Edition, Oxford University Press, 2007. References: 2. A. J. Dekkar, Electrical Engineering Materials, 1st Edition, Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, 1983. 3. R. K. Rajput, Electrical Engineering Materials, 1st Edition, Laxmi Publications, 1993.


Unit 1 The Basic Language: Object-oriented programming: Basic features, Encapsulation, Polymorphism, and Inheritance. The C++ Program Pre-processor directives; The C++ Data Types: Pointer types, String types, const qualifier, Reference types, the Bool type, enumeration types, array types, complex number types, typedef names. 08 Hours Unit 2 Procedural- Based Programming: Functions: function prototype, argument passing, Returning a value, recursion, inline functions, linkage directives, main(): handling command line options, lifetime - scope, global objects and functions, local objects. 06 Hours Unit 3 Overloaded functions: overloaded function declarations, the three steps of overload resolution; Generic functions, function template, generic function restrictions, A generic sort. 06 Hours


Unit 4 Classes and Objects: Introducing C++ classes: Constructors and destructors, Classes, structures and classes, unions, friend functions, friend classes, inline functions within a class, static class members - static data members, static member functions, 06 Hours Unit 5 The scope resolution operator; nested classes, local classes, creating a member operator function: operator overloading and restrictions, Operator overloading using a friend function, examples involving unary and binary operators. 06 Hours Unit 6 Inheritance: Base class access control, inheritance and protected members, protected base class inheritance, inheriting multiple base classes, constructors, destructors and inheritance, Granting access, and virtual base classes. 06 Hours Unit 7 Virtual functions: Calling a virtual function through a base class reference, the virtual attribute is inherited, virtual functions, hierarchical, pure virtual functions - abstract classes, using virtual functions, early and late binding. 06 Hours

Unit 8 The I/O stream library: The output operator , input operator >>, Additional input/output operators, overloading the output operator , Overloading the input operator , file input and output. 08 Hours Text Book: 1. Robert Lafore, Object-Oriented Programming in C++, The Waite Group, Galgotia Publications, Third Edition, 1999. References: 2. Herbert Schmidt, C++, The complete reference, TMH, Third Edition, 1998. 3. John R Hubbard, Programming with C++, Schaums Outline Series, McGraw Hill, Second Edition, 2000.


Unit 1: Synthesis of Passive Networks: Hurwitz Polynomials, Positive Real Functions, removal of a pole at infinity, removal of a pole at origin, removal of conjugate imaginary poles, removal of a constant. 06 Hrs. Unit 2: L-C Immittance Function: Foster form I, Foster form II, Cauer form I, Cauer from II 06 Hrs. Unit 3: RC impedance function and RL admittance function, Cauer forms of RC network, RC admittance and RL impedance functions, Cauer forms of RL impedance and RC admittance. 08 Hrs. Unit 4: Passive Filters: Classification of filters, analysis of prototype filter section, analysis of prototype low-pass, high-pass, band-pass and band-stop filter, m-derived filters, Low-pass, high-pass and band-pass filter with RC and RL circuits. 08 Hrs. Unit 5: Attenuators: Attenuation, type of attenuators, Symmetrical T-type, -type, bridged T-type, lattice type attenuators, Asymmetrical L-type and -type attenuators. 06 Hrs. Unit 6: Equalizers: Inverse impedance, two-terminal equalizers, four-terminal equalizers, full series, full shunt and bridged T equalizers, lattice equalizer. 06 Hrs.


Unit 7: Active Filters: All-pass, low-pass and butterworth filters, Second order low-pass filters. High-pass filters, Band-pass filter. 06 Hrs. Unit 8: Wide band-pass filter, multiple feedback narrow-band filter, band-reject or elimination filter, notch filter, laglead and lead-lag network, Non inverting narrow band-stop circuit, State variable filter, notch filter or bandreject filter. 06 Hrs. Text Book: 1. Smarajit Ghosh, Network Theory: Analysis and Synthesis, PHI, 2007. References: 2. M.E. Van Valkenburg, Introduction to modern network synthesis, Wiley Eastern Limited, 1992. 3. Franklin F. Kuo, Network analysis and synthesis, Wiley international, 2nd ed., 1966.

EE657 - ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENTATION TECHNIQUES (4-0-0) 4 Unit 1: Digital display system and indicators, classification, display devices, LEDs, LCDs, Gas Discharge Plasma Displays, Segmented Gas Discharge Displays, Segmented Displays using LEDs, Dot Matrix Displays. 06 hrs Unit 2: Transistor voltmeter, micro voltmeter, solid state voltmeter, differential voltmeter, rectifier voltmeters, RMS voltmeters, RMS meter, Ohm meter, multimeter. 07 hrs Unit 3: Digital voltmeter, dual slope integrating type and integrating type DVM, Successive Approximations Fixed frequency AF oscillator, variable AFO, standard signal generator, AF sine and square wave generator. 07 hrs Unit 4: function generator, square and pulse generator Output power meters, field strength meter, stroboscope phase meter, direct reading impedance meter, Q meter. 06 hrs Unit 5: LCR bridge RX meters, automatic bridges, transistor tester, megger, Strip chart recorder, galvanometer type, null type circulars, bridge type recorders. 07 hrs Unit 6: Linear servo motor recorder, chart recorder, x-y recorder, digital x-y plotters, magnetic recorders, Frequency modulation recording, Digital data recording. 06 hrs Unit 7: Electrical transducer, selecting a transducer, resistive transducer, resistance pressure transducer, resistive position transducer, strain gauges, bonded and unbonded resistance wire strain gauge. 06 hrs Unit 8: Types of strain gauges, Resistance Thermometer, thermistor, inductive transducer, differential output transducer, LVDT, pressure inductive transducer, capacitive transducer. 07 hrs Text Book: 1. H.S. Kalsi, Electronic instrumentation, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1995 References: 2. Albert D.Helfrick, William D. Cooper, Electronic Instrumentation & measurement Techniques, PHI EEE ,1990 3. A.K. Sawhney, Electrical & Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation, Dhanpat Rai & sons , 1973



UNIT 1 Number representation and Codes: Review of number systems: Number representation, Conversion of bases, binary arithmetic. Binary Codes: Weighted codes, Non-weighted codes. Error detection and correction: Error detecting codes, Error correcting codes. 08 Hours UNIT 2 Switching algebra and its applications: Switching algebra, switching functions, Isomorphic systems, Proportional calculus. 07 Hours UNIT 3 Logical design: Review of design with basic logic gates, Logic design with integrated circuits, NAND and NOR circuits, Design with high speed adders, Relay contacts, Analysis and synthesis of contact networks. 07 Hours UNIT 4 Symmetric functions: Symmetric networks, Identification of symmetric functions. 06 Hours UNIT 5 Threshold logic: Introductory concepts, synthesis of threshold networks.

06 Hours

UNIT 6 Reliable design and fault diagnosis: Fault detection in combinational circuits, Fault detection by path sensitizing. 06 Hours UNIT 7 & 8 Introduction to synchronous sequential circuits and iterative networks: Sequential circuits, Memory elements and their excitation functions, Synthesis of synchronous sequential circuits 12 Hours Text Book: 1. Zvi Kohavi, Switching and finite automata theory, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2nd Edition, 1978. References: 2. John M. Yarbrough, Digital logic applications and design, Thomson learning, 2001. 3. John P. Uyemura, A first course in digital systems design An integrated approach, Thomson Brooks/Coole, Vikas publishing house, 2003.


UNIT 1 Transformers: a) Specifications: Power and distribution transformers as per BIS Standards. b) Installation: Location, Site, Selection, foundation details (like bolts size, Their number, etc), Code of practice for terminal plates, Polarity and phase sequence, Oil tanks, drying of windings and general Inspection. 06 Hours. UNIT 2 Transformers: c. Commissioning Tests: Tests as per national & International Standards, volt ratio test, earth resistance oil strength, Buchalz & other relays, tap changing gear, fans & pumps, insulation test, impulse test, polarizing index, load & temperature raise test. d. Specific Tests: Determination of performance curves like efficiency, regulation etc, and determination of mechanical stress under normal & abnormal conditions. 07 Hours UNIT 3 SYNCHRONOUS MACHINES: a)Specifications: As per BIS Standards, b) Installation: Physical inspection, foundation details, alignments, excitation systems, cooling & control gear, drying out. c) Commissioning Test: Insulation, Resistance measurement of armature and field winding, wave form and telephone interference test, line charging Capacitance. d) Factory Test: Gap length, magnetic eccentricity, balancing Vibrations, bearing Performance. 06 Hours UNIT 4 Synchronous Machines Conditions: e) Performance test : Various test to estimate the performance of generator operations, slip test, maximum lagging Current, maximum reluctance power tests, Sudden short


Circuit tests, transient & Sub-Transient Parameters, measurements of sequence impedances, Capacities reactance, and separation of losses, temperature rise tests, retardation test. 07 Hours UNIT 5 Induction Motors: Specifications: Different types of motors duty, protection. Insulation: Location of the motors including the foundation details and its control apparatus, shaft and alignment for various coupling, fitting of pulleys & coupling. Drying of windings. 06 Hours UNIT 6 Induction Motor Conditions: c) Commissioning Tests: Mechanical test for alignment, air gap Symmetry, tests for bearings, Vibrations and balancing. d) Specific tset: Performance and temperature raise test, stray load losses, shaft alignment, re-rating and special duty capability. 07 Hours UNIT 7 Induction Motor Conditions: e) Electrical test: Insulation test, Earth resistance, High voltage test, Starting up , failure to speed up to take the load, type of test, routine test, factory test, and site test, (In accordance with ISI Code.) 07 Hours UNIT 8 Switch gear and protective devices: Standards, types, specification, installation, commissioning tests, maintenance schedule, type and routine tests. 06 Hours Text Book: 1. S. Rao, Testing & Commissioning of electrical equipment, Khanna publishers,1984 References: 2. B.V.S. Rao, Testing & Commission of electrical equipment, Relevant Bureau of Indian Standards. 3. J & P Transformer Handbook. 4. J & P Switchgear Hand Book


UNIT-1: Energy Sources: Introduction, Importance of energy consumption as measure of prosperity, per capita energy consumption, classification of energy resources; Conventional energy resource-availability & their limitations non-conventional energy resources-classifications, advantages limitations; comparison of conventional & non-conventional energy resources; world energy Scenario; Indian energy scenario. 07 Hours UNIT-2: Solar Energy Basics: Introduction, Solar constant, Basic sun-Earth angles- definitions & their representation, solar radiation geometry (Numerical problems) Estimation of solar radiation of Horizontal & Tilted surfaces(Numerical Problems) Measurement of solar radiation data pyranometer & pyrheliometer. 06 Hours UNIT-3: Solar Thermal Systems: Principle of conversion of solar radiation into heat, solar water heaters (Flat plat collectors) solar cookers-box type, concentrating dish type, solar driers, still furnaces , green houses. 06 Hours UNIT-4: Solar Electric Systems: solar thermal electric power generation-solar pond & concentrating solar collector (Parabolic trough, Parabolic dish central tower collector) advantages & disadvantages; solar photovoltaic-solar cell fundamentals, characteristics, classification, construction of module, panel & array. Solar PV systems-stand-alone grid connected; applications-street lighting, domestic lighting & solar water pumping systems. 07 Hours UNIT5: Wind Energy: Introduction, wind & its properties, history of wind energy, wind energy scenario-world & India. Basic principles of wind energy conversion systems (WECS), classification of WECS, part of a WECS. 06 Hours UNIT6: Derivation for power in the wind, electrical power out put & capacity factor of WECS, wind site selection consideration, advantages & disadvantages of WECS. 06 Hours UNIT-7: Biomass Energy: Introduction photosynthesis process, biomass fuels, biomass conversion technologies, Urban waste to energy conversion, Biomass gasification, Biomass to Ethanol production, Bio gas production from waste Biomass, factors Affecting Biogas generation, types of Biogas plants KVIC & Janata Model; Biomass programme in India. 07 Hours


UNIT-8: Energy From Ocean: Tidal energy principle of tidal power, components of tidal power plant (TPP) classification of tidal power plants estimation of energy single basin & double basin type TPP(no derivation simple numerical problems), Advantages & Limitation of TPP. Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) principle of OTEC system, methods of OTEC power generation open cycle (Claude cycle), Closed cycle (Anderson cycle) & Hybrid cycle (Block diagram description of OTEC) 07 Hours Text Book: 1. Rai, G D, Non-conventional sources of energy, 4th Edition, Khanna publishers, New Delhi, 2007. References: 2. Khan B H, Non-conventional energy resources, TMH, New Delhi, 2006 3. Mukherjee, D.,& Chakraborti, S, Fundamentals of renewable energy systems, New Age International Publishers, 2005.