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TEMPERATURE

1. The measurement of surface temperature is made a) At ground level b) At approx. 10 meters from ground level c) At approx. 4 feet above ground level d) At approx. 4 meters above ground level 2. The purpose of a Stevenson screen is to a) Maintain a moist atmosphere so that the wet bulb thermometer can function correctly b) To prevent the mercury freezing in the low winter temperatures c) Protect the thermometer from wind, weather and from direct sunshine d) Keep the wet and dry bulb thermometers away from the surface extremes of temperature 3. If temperature remains constant with an increase in altitude there is a) An inversion b) An inversion aloft c) Uniform lapse rate d) An isothermal layer 4. The surface of the earth Is heated by a) Convection b) Conduction c) Long wave solar radiation d) Short wave solar radiation 5. Cloud cover will reduce diurnal variation of temperature because a) Incoming solar radiation is reflected back to space and outgoing terrestrial radiation is reflected back to earth b) Incoming solar radiation is re-radiated back to space and atmospheric heating by convection will stop at the level of the cloud cover c) The cloud stops the suns rays getting through to the earth and also reduces outgoing conduction d) Incoming solar radiation is reflected back to space and outgoing terrestrial radiation is re radiated from the cloud layer back to the surface 6. Diurnal variation of the surface temperature will a) Be unaffected by a change of wind speed b) Decrease as wind speed increases c) Increase as wind speed increases d) Be at a minimum in calm conditions 7. Which of the following surfaces is likely to produce a higher than average diurnal variation of temperature a) Rock or concrete

TEMPERATURE

b) Water c) Snow d) Vegetation 8. Most accurate temperatures above ground level are obtained by a) Tephigram b) Aircraft reports c) Temperature probe d) Radio sonde 9. The method by which energy is transferred from one body to another by contact is called a) Radiation b) Convection c) Conduction d) Latent heat 10. The diurnal variation of temperature is a) Greater over sea than over land b) Less over desert areas then over temperate grassland c) Reduced anywhere by the presence of cloud d) Increased anywhere as wind speed increases 11. The troposphere is heated largely by a) Absorption of the suns short wave radiation b) Radiation of heat from cloud tops and the earths surface c) Absorption by ozone of the suns short wave radiation d) Conduction from the surface, convection and the release of latent heat 12. An inversion is one which a) There is no horizontal gradient of temperature b) There is no change of temperature with height c) There is an increase of temperature as height increases d) There is a decrease of temperature as height increases 13. The sun gives out.. Amount of energy with wavelengths. The earth gives out relatively .. Amounts of energy with relatively .. Wavelengths. a) Large, large, small , small b) Small , small , large , large c) Large , large , small , large d) Large , small , small , large 14. With a clear night sky, the temperature change with height by early morning is most likely to show

TEMPERATURE

a) b) c) d)

A steady lapse rate averaging 2C/1000 feet A stable lapse rate of 1C/1000 feet An inversion above the surface with an isothermal layer above An inversion from near the surface and a 2C/1000 feet lapse rate above

15. Over continents and oceans, the relative temperature conditions are a) Warmer in winter over land, colder in summer over sea b) Colder in winter over land, warmer in winter over sea c) Col in winter over land and sea d) Warmer in summer over land and sea 16. Diurnal variation of temperature is greatest when wind is a) Calm b) Light c) Strong 17. Diurnal variation of temperature is maximum over a) Forest b) Ocean c) Land 18. On a clear day the amount of solar radiation received by earth surface is a) b) 30% c) 5/6 19. Albedo is a) Radiation received by earth b) Amount of heat c) Reflecting power of earth 20. During day the ambient temperature is.. than ground a) Lower b) Higher c) Same 21. Diurnal variation of temperature over ocean is a) More than land b) Above 3C c) Less than 1C 22. At a coastal station the diurnal variation of temperature depends upon a) Wind direction b) Wind speed

TEMPERATURE

c) Radiation 23. Snow surface reflects about % of solar radiation a) 75% b) 80% c) 90% 24. Amount of solar radiation received per unit area is a) Insolation b) Convection c) Radiation 25. Solar radiation received by the earth is a) Long wave b) Albedo c) Short wave 26. Rise in temperature of a surface is proportional to its specific heat a) Directly b) Inversely c) Not related 27. Specific heat of land is .. than that of water a) Lower b) Same c) Higher 28. Minimum temperature is reached at a) Sunrise b) Mid night c) -1 hour after dawn 29. Air parcel is lifted till it gets saturated. the temperature attained by it is called a) Potential temperature b) Dew point temperature c) Wet bulb temperature 30. Cloudy nights are a) Cold b) Normal c) Warm 31. Water vapour is transparent to terrestrial radiation a) Completely

TEMPERATURE

b) Partially c) Indifferent 32. Higher the temperature . Would be the wavelength of emitted radiation a) Longer b) Shorter c) Equal 33. Air is a bad conductor of heat. An air parcel of air can therefore be regarded as insulated from the environment a) False b) True 34. Warmer the earth will be the nocturnal radiation a) Intense b) Weaker c) Moderate 35. Heat is the of the KE of all the molecules and atoms of a substance a) Sum total b) Average 36. The solar radiation consists of about 46% of a) UV b) IR c) Visible 37. The total energy radiated by a black body is proportional to its temperature a) T2 b) T3 c) T4 38. Intense radiation are emitted by a) Hot bodies b) Cold bodies c) Stars 39. The wavelength of most intense radiation is inversely proportional to its a) Absolute temperature b) Humidity c) Albedo 40. Hot bodies like sun radiate a) Short waves

TEMPERATURE

b) Long waves c) Both 41. The flow of heat from earth surface is 77% by a) Sensible heat b) Latent heat 42. -40C = -40F a) True b) False 43. Surface temperature is recorded at a height of .. above ground a) 1.5M b) 1.25M c) 2M 44. The door of Stevensons screen should open a) Opposite to the sun b) Into sun c) Any direction 45. The liquid used in minimum thermometer is a) Mercury b) Alcohol c) Spirit