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Astronomer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Astronomer
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

An astronomer is a scientist who studies celestial bodies such as moons, planets, stars, nebulae, and galaxies, as well as Gammaray bursts and cosmic microwave background radiation. A related but distinct subject, cosmology, is concerned with studying the universe as a whole. Historically, astronomy was more concerned with the classification and description of phenomena in the sky, while astrophysics attempted to explain these phenomena and the differences between them using physical laws. Today, that distinction has mostly disappeared and the terms "astronomer" and "astrophysicist" are interchangeable. Professional astronomers are highly educated individuals who typically have a PhD in physics or astronomy and are employed by research institutions or universities.[1] They spend the majority of their time working on research, although they quite often have other duties such as teaching, building instruments, or aiding in the The Astronomer by Johannes Vermeer (c. operation of an observatory. The number of professional 1668) astronomers in the United States is actually quite small. The American Astronomical Society, which is the major organization of professional astronomers in North America, has approximately 7,700 members. This number includes scientists from other fields such as physics, geology, and engineering, whose research interests are closely related to astronomy.[2] The International Astronomical Union comprises almost 10,145 members from 70 different countries who are involved in astronomical research at the PhD level and beyond.[3] While there is a relatively low number of professional astronomers[citation needed ], the field is popular among amateurs. Most cities have amateur astronomy clubs that meet on a regular basis and often host star parties. The Astronomical Society of the Pacific is the largest general astronomical society in the world, comprising both professional and amateur astronomers as well as educators from 70 different nations.[4] Like any hobby, most people who think of themselves as amateur astronomers may devote a few hours a month to stargazing and reading the latest developments in research. However, amateurs span the range from so-called "armchair astronomers" to the very ambitious, who own science-grade telescopes and instruments with which they are able to make their own discoveries and assist professional astronomers in research.

Contents
1 Modern astronomers 2 See also 3 Notes 4 References 5 External links
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Astronomer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Modern astronomers
Contrary to the classical image of an old astronomer peering through a telescope through the dark hours of the night, it is far more common to use a charge-coupled device camera to record a long, deep exposure, allowing a more sensitive image to be created because the light is added over time. Before CCDs, photographic plates were a common method of observation. Modern astronomers spend relatively little time at telescopes - most spend a few weeks per year. Analysis of observed phenomena or make predictions for observational astronomers. Astronomers who serve as faculty spend much of their time teaching undergraduate and graduate classes. Most universities also have outreach programs including public telescope time and sometimes planetariums as a public service to encourage interest in the field.

See also
List of astronomers List of Muslim astronomers Cosmologists List of Russian astronomers and astrophysicists

Galileo is often referred to as the Father of Modern Astronomy.

Notes
1. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions About Becoming an Astronomer" (http://www.noao.edu/education/astfaq.html). NOAO. Archived (http://web.archive.org/web/20090403101540/http://www.noao.edu/education/astfaq.html) from the original on 3 April 2009. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 2. ^ "American Astronomical Society Home" (http://aas.org/). AAS. Archived (http://web.archive.org/web/20090802044012/http://aas.org/) from the original on 2 August 2009. Retrieved 14 August 2009. 3. ^ "About IAU" (http://www.iau.org/about/). IAU. Retrieved 14 August 2009. 4. ^ "About Us" (http://www.astrosociety.org/about.html). Astronomical Society of the Pacific. Archived (http://web.archive.org/web/20090225074145/http://astrosociety.org/about.html) from the original on 25 February 2009. Retrieved 29 March 2009.

References
Dallal, Ahmad (1999). "Science, Medicine and Technology". In Esposito, John. The Oxford History of Islam. Oxford University Press, New York. ISBN 0-300-15911-0 Kennedy, E.S. (1956). A Survey of Islamic Astronomical Tables; Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 46 (2). Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society Toomer, Gerald (1990). "Al-Khwrizm, Abu Jafar Muammad ibn Ms". In Gillispie, Charles Coulston. Dictionary of Scientific Biography 7. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. ISBN 0-68416962-2.

External links
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8/19/13

Astronomer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

American Astronomical Society (http://www.aas.org) International Astronomical Union (http://www.iau.org) Astronomical Society of the Pacific (http://www.astrosociety.org) Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Astronomer&oldid=568799291" Categories: Astronomy Astronomers Science occupations This page was last modified on 16 August 2013 at 13:55. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.

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