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PVElite User Guide Printed on 6 January, 2004

PVElite User Guide

PVElite User Guide Printed on 6 January, 2004

Printed on 6 January, 2004

1

PVElite LICENSE AGREEMENT

Licensor: COADE/Engineering Physics Software, Inc., 12777 Jones Road., Suite. 480, Houston, Texas 77070.

ACCEPTANCE OF TERMS OF AGREEMENT BY THE USER

YOU SHOULD CAREFULLY READ THE FOLLOWING TERMS AND CONDITIONS BEFORE USING THIS PACKAGE. USING THIS PACKAGE INDICATES YOUR ACCEPTANCE OF THESE TERMS AND CONDITIONS.

The enclosed proprietary encoded materials, hereinafter referred to as the Licensed Program(s), are the property of

COADE and are provided to you under the terms and conditions of this License Agreement.

You assume

responsibility for the selection of the appropriate Licensed Program(s) to achieve the intended results, and for the installation, use and results obtained from the selected Licensed Program(s).

LICENSE GRANT

In return for the payment of the license fee associated with the acquisition of the Licensed Program(s) from COADE, COADE hereby grants you the following non-exclusive rights with regard to the Licensed Programs(s):

  • 1 Use of the License Program(s) on one machine. Under no circumstance is the License Program to be executed without a COADE External Software Lock (ESL).

  • 2 To transfer the Licensed Program(s) and license it to a third party if the third party acknowledges in writing its agreement to accept the Licensed Program(s) under the terms and conditions of this License Agreement; if you transfer the Licensed Program(s), you must at the same time either transfer all copies whether printed or in machine-readable form to the same party or destroy any copies not so transferred; the requirement to transfer and/or destroy copies of the Licensed Program(s) also pertains to any and all modifications and portions of Licensed Program(s) contained or merged into other programs.

You agree to reproduce and include the copyright notice as it appears on the Licensed Program(s) on any copy, modification or merged portion of the Licensed Program(s).

THIS LICENSE DOES NOT GIVE YOU ANY RIGHT TO USE COPY, MODIFY, OR TRANSFER THE LICENSED PROGRAM(S) OR ANY COPY, MODIFICATION OR MERGED PORTION THEREOF, IN WHOLE OR IN PART, EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY PROVIDED IN THIS LICENSE AGREEMENT.

IF YOU TRANSFER POSSESSION OF ANY COPY, MODIFICATION OR MERGED PORTION OF THE LICENSED PROGRAM(S) TO ANOTHER PARTY, THE LICENSE GRANTED HEREUNDER TO YOU IS AUTOMATICALLY TERMINATED.

TERM

This License Agreement is effective upon acceptance and use of the Licensed Program(s) until terminated in accordance with the terms of this License Agreement. You may terminate the License Agreement at any time by destroying the Licensed Program(s) together with all copies, modifications, and merged portions thereof in any form. This License Agreement will also terminate upon conditions set forth elsewhere in this Agreement or automatically in the event you fail to comply with any term or condition of this License Agreement. You hereby agree upon such termination to destroy the Licensed Program(s) together with all copies, modifications and merged portions thereof in any form.

2

PVElite User Guide

LIMITED WARRANTY

The Licensed Program(s), i.e. the tangible proprietary software, is provided "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, AND EXPLICITLY EXCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. The entire risk as to the quality and performance of the Licensed Program(s) is with you.

Some jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion of limited warranties, and, in those jurisdictions the above exclusions may not apply. This Limited Warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from one jurisdiction to another.

COADE does not warrant that the functions contained in the Licensed Program(s) will meet your requirements or that the operation of the program will be uninterrupted or error free.

COADE does warrant, however, that the CD(s), i.e. the tangible physical medium on which the Licensed Program(s) is furnished, to be free from defects in materials and workmanship under normal use for a period of ninety (90) days from the date of delivery to you as evidenced by a copy of your receipt.

COADE warrants that any program errors will be fixed by COADE, at COADE's expense, as soon as possible after the problem is reported and verified. However, only those customers current on their update/maintenance contracts are eligible to receive the corrected version of the program.

ENTIRE AGREEMENT

This written Agreement constitutes the entire agreement between the parties concerning the Licensed Program(s). No agent, distributor, salesman or other person acting or representing themselves to act on behalf of COADE has the authority to modify or supplement the limited warranty contained herein, nor any of the other specific provisions of this Agreement, and no such modifications or supplements shall be effective unless agreed to in writing by an officer of COADE having authority to act on behalf of COADE in this regard.

LIMITATIONS OF REMEDIES

COADE's entire liability and your exclusive remedy shall be:

  • 1 the replacement of any CD not meeting COADE's "Limited Warranty" as defined herein and which is returned to COADE or an authorized COADE dealer with a copy of your receipt, or

  • 2 if COADE or the dealer is unable to deliver a replacement CD which is free of defects in materials or workmanship you may terminate this License Agreement by returning the Licensed Program(s) and associated documentation and you will be refunded all monies paid to COADE to acquire the Licensed Program(s).

IN NO EVENT WILL COADE BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR ANY DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY LOST PROFITS, LOST SAVINGS, AND OTHER INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE LICENSED PROGRAM(S) EVEN IF COADE OR AN AUTHORIZED COADE DEALER HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES, OR FOR ANY CLAIM BY ANY OTHER PARTY.

SOME JURISDICTIONS DO NOT PERMIT LIMITATION OR EXCLUSION OF LIABILITY FOR INCIDENTAL AND CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES SO THAT THE ABOVE LIMITATION AND EXCLUSION MAY NOT APPLY IN THOSE JURISDICTIONS. FURTHERMORE, COADE DOES NOT PURPORT TO DISCLAIM ANY LIABILITY FOR PERSONAL INJURY CAUSED BY DEFECTS IN THE DISKETTES OR OTHER PRODUCTS PROVIDED BY COADE PURSUANT TO THIS LICENSE AGREEMENT.

GENERAL

Introduction

3

You may not sublicense, assign, or transfer your rights under this License Agreement or the Licensed Program(s) except as expressly provided in this License Agreement. Any attempt otherwise to sublicense, assign or transfer any of the rights, duties or obligations hereunder is void and constitutes a breach of this License Agreement giving COADE the right to terminate as specified herein. This Agreement is governed by the laws of the State of Texas, United States of America.

The initial license fee includes 1 year of support, maintenance and enhancements to the program. After the first 1 year term, such updates and support are optional at the then current update fee.

Questions concerning this License Agreement, and all notices required herein shall be made by contacting COADE in writing at COADE, 12777 Jones Road., Suite. 480, Houston, Texas, 77070, or by telephone, 281-890-4566.

DISCLAIMER

Copyright (c) COADE/Engineering Physics Software, Inc., 2004, all rights reserved.

This proprietary software is the property of COADE/Engineering Physics Software, Inc. and is provided to the user pursuant to a COADE/Engineering Physics Software, Inc. program license agreement containing restrictions on its use. It may not be copied or distributed in any form or medium, disclosed to third parties, or used in any manner except as expressly permitted by the COADE/Engineering Physics Software, Inc. program license agreement.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED. COADE/ENGINEERING PHYSICS SOFTWARE, INC. SHALL NOT HAVE ANY LIABILITY TO THE USER IN EXCESS OF THE TOTAL AMOUNT PAID TO COADE UNDER THE COADE/ENGINEERING PHYSICS SOFTWARE, INC. LICENSE AGREEMENT FOR THIS SOFTWARE. IN NO EVENT WILL COADE/ENGINEERING PHYSICS SOFTWARE, INC. BE LIABLE TO THE USER FOR ANY LOST PROFITS OR OTHER INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE SOFTWARE EVEN IF COADE/ENGINEERING PHYSICS, INC. HAS BEEN ADVISED AS TO THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. IT IS THE USERS RESPONSIBILITY TO VERIFY THE RESULTS OF THE PROGRAM.

HOOPS License Grant

COADE grants to PVElite users a non-exclusive license to use the Software Application under the terms stated in the Agreement.

PVElite users agree to not alter, reverse engineer, or disassemble the Software Application. PVElite users will not

copy the Software except: (i) a as necessary to install the the Software Application onto a computer(s)

or (ii) to

... create an archival copy. PVElite users agree that any such copies of the Software Application shall contain the same proprietary notices which appear on and in the Software Application.

Title to and ownership of the intellectual property rights associated with the Software Application ADA any copies remain with COADE and its suppliers.

PVElite user are hereby notified that Tech Soft America , L.L.C. 1301 Marina Village Parkway, Suite 300, Alameda CA 94501 ("Tech Soft America") is a third-party beneficiary to this Agreement to the extent that this Agreement contains provisions which relate to PVElite users' use of the Software Application. Such provisions are made expressly for the benefit of Tech Soft America and are enforceable by Tech Soft America in addition to COADE.

In no event shall COADE or its suppliers be liable in any way for indirect, special or consequential damages of any nature, including without limitations, lost business profits, or liability or injury to third persons, whether foreseeable or not, regardless of whether COADE or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such damages.

4

PVElite User Guide

TRADEMARKS

HOOPS is a trademark of Tech Soft America, L.L.C. Windows (95/98/ME/NT/2000/XP), Access, SQL Server, Excel, Word are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. Oracle is a trademark of Oracle Corporation. Other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

i

Contents

PVElite LICENSE AGREEMENT 1 ............................................................................................................... ACCEPTANCE OF TERMS OF AGREEMENT BY THE USER 1 .................................................. LICENSE GRANT 1 ............................................................................................................................ TERM 1 ................................................................................................................................................ LIMITED WARRANTY 2 ...................................................................................................................

ENTIRE AGREEMENT

2

2

2

Chapter 1

Introduction

1-1

What is PVElite?

1-1

....................................................................................................................................... What is the Purpose and Scope of PVElite?

1-2

1-3

What Applications are Available?

.........................................................................................................................

1-4

About the Documentation

Program Support / User Assistance

1-7

1-9

Updates

..........................................................................................

1-9

COADE Technical Support Phone Numbers

1-10

Chapter 2

Overview of the Installation/Configuration Process

2-1

System and Hardware Requirements

........................................................................................................

External Software Lock

............................................................................................................................

2-2

2-2

Starting the Installation Procedure

............................................................................................................

Installing PVElite

...................................................................................................................................... Network Installation / Usage

.................................................................................................................... Software Installation on a Network Drive

.....................................................................................

2-3

2-5

2-7

2-8

ESL Installation on a Network

.................................................................................................................. Novell File Server ESL Installation

............................................................................................... Novell Workstation ESL Installation

.............................................................................................

2-8

2-8

2-9

Windows Server Installation

.........................................................................................................

2-9

ii

Contents

Notes on Network ESLs

2-9

Chapter 3

Tutorial / Master Menu

3-1

Program Structure and Control

.......................................................................................................................

3-3

3-3

A Road Map for PVELITE

The Input Processor

3-4

..............................................................................................................................

3-8

Error Checking

........................................................................................................................................

3-11

Analysis

3-11

Tools Menu

3-12

............................................................................................................................................. Output Review & Report Generation

......................................................................................................

3-14

Design and Analysis of Vessel Details

3-17

Main Menu

..............................................................................................................................................

3-20

File Menu

................................................................................................................................................

3-21

Input Menu

..............................................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................................

3-24

3-26

Analyze Menu

Output Menu

...........................................................................................................................................

3-27

Tools Menu

.............................................................................................................................................

3-28

Create / Review Units

..................................................................................................................

3-32

Edit / Add Materials

3-33

3-33

Calculator

3-34

View Menu

3-34

3-38

ESL Menu

...............................................................................................................................................

3-39

Help Menu

3-40

3-41

..........................................................................................................................

3-41

Defining the Basic Vessel

............................................................................................................

3-42

Adding Details

3-43

Recording the Model - Plotting the Vessel Image

3-44

........................................................................

3-45

Specifying Global Data - Loads and Design Constraints

Running the Analysis

..............................................................................................................................

3-48

3-49

Reviewing the Results

Analyzing Individual Vessel Components Details

3-50

DXF File Generation Option

3-52

Setting Up the Required Parameters

3-53

User Border Creation

...................................................................................................................

3-54

DXF File Generated by PVElite During Runtime

3-55

Invoking the Drawing

..................................................................................................................

3-55

Chapter 4

Element Data

4-1

Element Basic Data

4-2

................................................................................................................................... Element's From Node

4-3

Element's To Node

4-3

Inside Diameter

4-3

Distance or Straight Flange Length

4-4

Finished Thickness

4-4

.....................................................................................................................

4-4

Corrosion Allowance

Wind Load Diameter Multiplier

4-4

Contents

iii

Joint Efficiency for Longitudinal and Circumferential Seams

......................................................

Design Internal Pressure

................................................................................................................

Design Temperature for Internal Pressure

.....................................................................................

Design External Pressure

...............................................................................................................

Design Temperature for External Pressure

....................................................................................

Swap Diameter Basis

.....................................................................................................................

Element Additional Data

..........................................................................................................................

4-5

4-5

4-5

4-6

4-6

4-6

4-6

Cylindrical Shell

............................................................................................................................

Elliptical Head

...............................................................................................................................

Head Factor

...................................................................................................................................

4-6

4-7

4-7

Inside Head Depth

.........................................................................................................................

Sump Head?

...................................................................................................................................

4-7

4-7

Torispherical Head

.................................................................................................................................... Crown Radius Knuckle Radius Sump Head? ................................................................................................................................... Spherical Head

................................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................................................... Conical Head or Shell Segment

.....................................................................................................

4-8

4-8

4-8

4-8

4-9

4-9

To Node Diameter Cone Length ..........................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................. Half Apex Angle

4-9

4-9

4-10

Toriconical

................................................................................................................................... Toricone Dialog

...........................................................................................................................

4-10

4-10

Large End Knuckle Radius Large End Knuckle Thickness

..........................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................

4-10

4-10

Small End Knuckle Radius Small End Knuckle Thickness

..........................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................

4-11

4-11

Welded Flat Head Attachment Factor

...................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................... Non-Circ. Small Diameter

........................................................................................................... Appendix 14 Large Opening

.......................................................................................................

Flange Analysis

...................................................................................................................................... Body Flange Flange Input Data

.................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................... Skirt Support with Basering

....................................................................................................................

Inside Diameter at Base

...............................................................................................................

4-11

4-11

4-12

4-12

4-13

4-13

4-13

4-14

4-15

Basering Dialog Basering Analysis

...........................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................... Brownell and Young Method of Design

......................................................................................

Tailing Lug Analysis

..............................................................................................................................

Tailing Lug Input Data Perform Tailing Lug Analysis

...........................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................

Tail Lug Type Centerline Offset

..............................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................

4-15

4-15

4-15

4-16

4-16

4-16

4-16

4-17

Lug Thickness

............................................................................................................................. Pin Hole Diameter

....................................................................................................................... Weld Size Thickness

................................................................................................................... Lug Height (only if no Top Ring)

................................................................................................

Discussion of Results

...................................................................................................................

4-17

4-17

4-17

4-17

4-18

iv

Contents

Chapter 5

Vessel Detail Data

5-1

Introduction

...............................................................................................................................................

5-2

Assigning Detail

5-3

..........................................................................................................................

5-4

Defining the Details

..................................................................................................................................

Rings

5-6

5-7

......................................................................................................................................................... Inside Diameter of Ring

5-8

Outside Diameter of Ring

..............................................................................................................

5-8

Thickness of Ring

..........................................................................................................................

5-8

Ring Material

.................................................................................................................................

5-8

Moment of Inertia

..........................................................................................................................

5-9

Cross Sectional Area

5-9

Distance to Ring Centroid

5-9

Name of Section Type

5-9

Nozzle Dialog Data

.................................................................................................................................

5-10

Nozzle Analysis

5-11

5-12

5-12

5-12

5-12

Class for Attached B16.5 Flange

.................................................................................................

5-12

Grade for Attached B16.5 Flange

................................................................................................

.............................................................................................

...........................................................................

5-13

Modification of Reinforcing Limits

Physical Maximum for Nozzle Diameter Limit

5-13

5-13

Physical Maximum for Nozzle Thickness Limit

5-13

Do you want to set Area1 or Area 2 to 0

5-14

Nozzle Material Specification

5-14

Nozzle Diameter Basis

5-14

.......................................................................................

5-14

Nozzle Size and Thickness Basis

5-14

Actual Diameter and Thickness

...................................................................................................

5-14

Nominal Diameter and Thickness

5-14

5-14

5-15

......................................................................................................... Nominal Schedule of Nozzle

.......................................................................................................

5-15

Nozzle Corrosion Allowance

5-15

....................................................................................................... Joint Efficiency of Shell Seam through which Nozzle Passes

.....................................................

5-15

Joint Efficiency of Nozzle Neck

..................................................................................................

................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................

5-15

Insert Nozzle or Abutting Nozzle

5-15

Nozzle Outside Projection

Weld Leg Size for Fillet Between Nozzle and Shell or Pad

5-15

5-15

Depth of Groove Weld Between Nozzle and Vessel

..............................................................................................................

5-16

Nozzle Inside Projection

Weld Leg Size Between Inward Nozzle and Inside Shell

5-16

5-16

Local Shell Thickness

..................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................

5-16

Shell Tr Value

5-16

Tapped Hole Area Loss

...........................................................................................................

5-16

Overriding Nozzle Weight

Radial Nozzle in Cylinder Data Entry

5-17

5-20

Hillside Nozzle Cylinder Data Entry

...........................................................................................

5-20

Lateral Nozzle in Cylinder Data Entry

5-22

.......................................................................................

5-23

Contents

v

Radial Nozzle in Head Data Entry

...............................................................................................

5-24

Additional Reinforcing Pad Data

...........................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................

5-27

Pad Outside Diameter along Vessel Surface ...............................................................................

5-27

Pad Thickness

Pad Weld Leg Size as Outside Diameter

5-27

5-27

...............................................................

5-27

Pad Material

5-27

................................................................................................................................. ASME Code Weld Type

..............................................................................................................

5-27

Flange Type

.................................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................

5-27

Flange Material

5-27

Lugs

5-28

.................................................................................

5-28

Lug Bearing Width

5-28

........................................................................................

5-28

Length of Bottom Lug Support Plate

...........................................................................................

5-28

Thickness of Bottom Plate

...........................................................................................................

5-29

Distance between Gussets

5-29

Mean Width of Gussets

5-29

Height of Gussets

5-29

5-29

5-29

Thickness of Top Plate/Ring

..................................................................................................................

5-29

Overall Height of Lug

5-29

Overall Width of Lug

......................................................................................................................

5-29

Weight of One Lug

5-29

Number of Lugs

...........................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................

5-29

Perform WRC 107 Calc

5-30

Pad Width

5-30

..............................................................................................................................

5-30

...................................................................................................................................

5-30

5-31

5-31

5-31

................................................................................................................. Is this a Welded Internal

..............................................................................................................

5-31

Forces and Moments

5-32

............................................................................................................................... Force in X, Y, or Z Direction

5-32

....................................................................................................

5-32

Acts During Wind or Seismic

......................................................................................................

5-32

Force/Moment Combination Method

5-32

Platforms

.................................................................................................................................................

5-33

Platform Start Angle (degrees)

5-33

Platform End Angle (degrees)

5-33

Platform Wind Area

.....................................................................................................................

5-33

Platform Weight

5-33

..............................................................................................................

5-33

Platform Grating Weight

5-34

Platform Width

5-34

Platform Height

5-34

5-34

5-34

5-34

Platform Length (Non- Circular)

.................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................

5-34

Saddles

Width of Saddle

Centerline Dimension (B)

5-35

5-35

5-35

vi

Contents

Saddle Contact Angle (degrees)

5-35

Height of Composite Stiffener .....................................................................................................

5-35

Width of Wear Plate

5-36

..............................................................................................................

5-36

Wear Plate Contact Angle (degrees)

............................................................................................

5-36

Saddle Dimension A

....................................................................................................................

5-36

Perform Saddle Check

5-36

Material Yield Stress

5-36

E for Plates

5-36

Baseplate Length

5-36

Baseplate Width

...........................................................................................................................

5-36

Baseplate Thickness

5-36

Number of Ribs

5-36

Rib Thickness

5-36

Web Thickness

5-37

Web Location

5-37

..................................................................................................................

5-37

Trays

5-38

Number of Trays

..........................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................

..........................................................................................................

5-38

Tray Spacing

Tray Weight Per Unit Area

5-38

5-38

Height of Liquid on Tray

.............................................................................................................

5-38

Density of Liquid on Tray

5-38

Legs

5-39

5-39

Leg Orientation

............................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................

5-39

Number of Legs

Section Identifier .........................................................................................................................

5-40

5-40

Length of Legs

5-40

Packing

5-41

5-41

Density of Packing

Liquid

5-41

......................................................................................................................................................

5-43

Height/Length of Liquid

..............................................................................................................

5-43

Liquid Density

.............................................................................................................................

5-43

Insulation

5-45

Height/Length of Insulation / Fireproofing

5-45

Thickness of Insulation or Fireproofing

5-45

Insulation Density

........................................................................................................................

Lining

5-46

......................................................................................................................................................

5-47

Height/Length of Lining

..............................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................

5-47

Thickness of Lining

5-47

Density of Lining

.........................................................................................................................

5-47

Half Pipe Jacket

5-48

Introduction

5-48

Purpose, Scope, and Technical Basis

5-48

Discussion of Input Data

.........................................................................................................................

5-49

Main Input Fields

5-49

Pipe Dimension from the PVElite Internal Pipe Dimension Database

........................................

......................................................

5-50

If the user prefers instead to enter the pipe dimensions then:

5-51

Contents

vii

Chapter 6

General Vessel Data

6-1

Design Data Installation Options ................................................................................................................................... Design Modification

..............................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................

6-3

6-7

6-11

Nozzle Design Modifications Wind & Seismic Data

.................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................

6-14

6-16

Wind Data

...............................................................................................................................................

6-17

ASCE Wind Data UBC Wind Data

....................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................

6-18

6-20

NBC Wind Data

......................................................................................................................................

6-22

ASCE 95 Wind Data

...............................................................................................................................

6-24

IS 875 Wind Code User-Defined Wind Profile ..................................................................................................................... Percent Wind for Hydrotest

..................................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................

Wind Profile Data

........................................................................................................................

6-27

6-29

6-29

6-29

Mexican Wind Code 1993

......................................................................................................................

6-30

Seismic Data

...........................................................................................................................................

6-36

Seismic Design Code

...................................................................................................................

ASCE 7-88 Seismic Data ASCE7-93 Seismic Data

........................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................

6-36

6-37

6-39

UBC Seismic Data NBC Seismic Data

..................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................. India's Earthquake Standard IS-1893 RSM and SCM

............................................................................

ASCE - 95 Seismic Data Seismic Load Input in G's ....................................................................................................................... UBC 1997 Earthquake Data .................................................................................................................... IBC-2000 Earthquake Parameters

.........................................................................................................................

..........................................................................................................

6-40

6-42

6-44

6-45

6-46

6-47

6-49

Response Spectrum

.................................................................................................................................

6-51

Chapter 7

PVElite Analysis

7-1

Calculating and Displaying Vessel-Analysis Results

7-3

...........................................................................................................................................

7-9

Optional Steps Component Analysis

...............................................................................................................................

7-10

Chapter 8

Output/Review

8-1

Generating Output

8-2

The Review Screen

8-3

Using Review

............................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................

8-4

8-5

Component Analysis

Chapter 9

The HEAT EXCHANGER Program

9-1

Introduction

...............................................................................................................................................

9-2

.........................................................................................................

9-2

Purpose, Scope and Technical Basis

Analyzing Heat Exchangers

......................................................................................................................

9-3

9-8

Building the Heat Exchanger Model

viii

Contents

Chapter 10

Component Analysis Tutorial

10-1

Purpose of this Chapter

...........................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................

10-2

Starting CodeCalc from PVElite

10-2

Main Menu

..............................................................................................................................................

10-2

File Menu

10-3

Edit Menu

10-5

Analysis Menu

.............................................................................................................................

10-6

Output Menu

................................................................................................................................

10-7

Tools Menu

10-8

.................................................................................................................................. Diagnostic Menu

10-15

View Menu

10-16

ESL Menu

..................................................................................................................................

10-17

Help Menu

.................................................................................................................................

10-18

Performing an Analysis

10-19

.........................................................................................

10-25

Printing or Saving Reports to a File

10-26

Printing the Graphics

.................................................................................................................

10-26

Printing the Reports

...................................................................................................................

10-26

Summary - Seeing Results for a Whole Vessel

10-27

Tutorial Problem Printout

10-28

Chapter 11

The SHELL Program

11-1

Introduction

.............................................................................................................................................

11-2

Purpose, Scope, and Technical Basis

......................................................................................................

11-2

Discussion of Input Data

.........................................................................................................................

11-4

Main Input Fields

11-4

Pop-up Input Fields

11-8

Results

11-12

Example

11-13

Chapter 12

The NOZZLE Program

12-1

Introduction

.............................................................................................................................................

12-2

Purpose, Scope, and Technical Basis

......................................................................................................

12-2

Discussion of Input Data Main Input Fields ........................................................................................................................ Pop-Up Input Fields

.........................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................

12-3

12-3

12-10

Discussion of Results

............................................................................................................................ Actual Nozzle Diameter Thickness

........................................................................................... Required Thickness of Shell and Nozzle

................................................................................... UG-45 Minimum Nozzle Neck Thickness

................................................................................

12-12

12-12

12-12

12-13

Required and Available Areas Selection of Reinforcing Pad

...................................................................................................

..................................................................................................... Large Diameter Nozzle Calculations

......................................................................................... Effective Material Diameter and Thickness Limits

...................................................................

12-13

12-14

12-14

12-14

Effective Material Diameter and Thickness Limits

...................................................................

12-14

Minimum Design Metal Temperature

.......................................................................................

Weld Size Calculations Weld Strength Calculations

..............................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................

12-14

12-14

12-14

Contents

ix

Failure Path Calculations

...........................................................................................................

12-15

Iterative Results Per Pressure, Area, And UG-45

.....................................................................

12-15

Example

12-15

Chapter 13

The FLANGE Program

13-1

Introduction

.............................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................

13-2

Purpose, Scope, and Technical Basis

13-2

Discussion of Input Data

.........................................................................................................................

13-3

Main Input Fields ........................................................................................................................

13-3

Pop-Up Input Fields

13-14

Discussion of Results

............................................................................................................................

13-16

Example

13-21

Chapter 14

The CONICAL SECTIONS Program

14-1

Introduction

.............................................................................................................................................

14-2

Purpose, Scope, and Technical Basis

......................................................................................................

14-2

Discussion of Input Data

.........................................................................................................................

14-3

Main Input Fields

14-3

Pop-Up Input Fields

14-7

Discussion of Results

14-8

.............................................................................................................................. Internal Pressure Results

14-8

External Pressure Results

14-8

..................................................................

14-9

Reinforcement Calculations Under External Pressure

...............................................................

14-10

Example

14-10

Chapter 15

The FLOATING HEAD Program

15-1

Introduction

.............................................................................................................................................

15-2

Purpose, Scope, and Technical Basis

......................................................................................................

15-2

Discussion of Input Data

.........................................................................................................................

15-2

15-2

15-11

............................................................................................................................

15-11

......................................................................................

15-11

Main Input Fields ........................................................................................................................

Pop-Up Input Fields

Discussion of Results

Internal Pressure Results for the Head:

External Pressure Results for Heads:

.........................................................................................

15-12

Intermediate Calculations for Flanged Portion of Head:

15-12

Required Thickness Calculations:

15-12

Soehren's Calculations:

..............................................................................................................

15-13

Example

15-13

Chapter 16

The HORIZONTAL VESSEL PROGRAM

16-1

Introduction

.............................................................................................................................................

16-2

16-2

Discussion of Input

16-2

16-11

x

Contents

Discussion of Results

............................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................

16-15

Saddle Wear Plate Design

16-16

Example

16-18

Chapter 17

The TUBESHEET Program

17-1

Introduction

17-2

............................................................................................................................................. Purpose, Scope, and Technical Basis

......................................................................................................

17-2

Discussion of Input Data

.........................................................................................................................

17-4

Main Input Fields ........................................................................................................................

17-4

Pop-Up Input Fields

17-18

Discussion of Results

............................................................................................................................

17-29

Example

17-32

Chapter 18

The WRC 107\FEA Program

18-1

Introduction

18-2

............................................................................................................................................. Discussion of Input

18-2

18-2

18-8

Additional Input for WRC 107

..................................................................................................

18-18

Additional Input for FEA

18-20

Discussion of Results

............................................................................................................................

18-22

WRC 107 Stress Calculations

....................................................................................................

18-22

WRC107 Stress Summations

.....................................................................................................

18-24

ASME Section VIII Division 2 - Elastic Analysis of Nozzle

18-25

Finite Element Analysis (FEA):

18-27

Example

18-29

Example

18-31

Chapter 19

The LEG & LUG Program

19-1

Introduction

19-2

............................................................................................................................................. Discussion of Input

19-2

19-2

Pop-Up Input Fields

19-6

Vessel Leg Input

19-9

Leg Results

19-10

Support Lug Input

.................................................................................................................................

19-11

Lifting Lug Input

19-14

Output

19-17

Baseplate Input

19-17

19-18

Moss method:

19-18

Baseplate Results ..................................................................................................................................

19-21

Trunnion Input

19-21

19-22

Contents

xi

T runnion Results

...................................................................................................................................

19-25

Example

19-25

Chapter 20

The PIPE & PAD Module

20-1

.............................................................................................................................................

20-2

Introduction Discussion of Input

20-2

20-2

20-7

Output

20-8

Example

20-8

Chapter 21

The BASE RING Module

21-1

Introduction

21-2

............................................................................................................................................. Calculation Techniques ...........................................................................................................................

21-2

Discussion of Input

21-8

21-8

21-13

Tailing Lug Analysis

21-16

Discussion of Tailing Lug Input

21-17

Discussion of Results

............................................................................................................................

21-18

Example

21-18

Chapter 22

The THIN JOINT Program

22-1

Introduction

.............................................................................................................................................

22-2

Purpose, Scope, and Technical Basis

......................................................................................................

22-2

Discussion of Input Data

.........................................................................................................................

22-3

Main Input Fields

22-3

Pop-Up Input Fields

22-6

Example

22-7

Chapter 23

The THICK JOINT Program

23-1

Introduction

.............................................................................................................................................

23-2

Discussion of Input Data

.........................................................................................................................

23-3

Main Input Fields

23-3

Pop-Up Input Fields

23-9

Discussion of Results

............................................................................................................................

23-10

Example

23-11

Chapter 24

The ASME TUBESHEET Program

24-1

Introduction

.............................................................................................................................................

24-2

Purpose, Scope, and Technical Basis

......................................................................................................

24-2

Discussion of Input Data

.........................................................................................................................

24-3

Main Input Fields ........................................................................................................................

24-3

Pop-Up Input Fields

24-13

xii

Contents

Discussion of Results

............................................................................................................................

24-22

Example

24-23

Chapter 25

The HALF-PIPE Program

25-1

Introduction

.............................................................................................................................................

25-2

Purpose, Scope, and Technical Basis

......................................................................................................

25-2

Discussion of Input Data

.........................................................................................................................

25-3

Discussion of Results

..............................................................................................................................

25-6

Example

25-7

Chapter 26

The LARGE OPENINGS Program

26-1

Introduction

.............................................................................................................................................

26-2

Purpose, Scope, and Technical Basis

......................................................................................................

26-2

Discussion of Input Data

.........................................................................................................................

26-4

Main Input Fields

26-4

Example Problem

....................................................................................................................................

26-6

Chapter 27

The RECTANGULAR VESSEL Program

27-1

Introduction

.............................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................

27-2

Purpose, Scope, and Technical Basis

27-2

Discussion of Input Data

.........................................................................................................................

27-8

Main Input Fields

27-8

Item Number

..............................................................................................................................

27-11

Description

27-11

............................................................................................................

27-11

27-12

............................................................................................................................

27-17

Ligament Efficiency Calculations

27-17

Reinforcement Calculations

27-17

Stress Calculations

.....................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................

..........................................................................

27-17

Allowable Calculations

Highest Percentage of Allowable Calculations

27-18

27-18

MAWP Calculations

27-18

.................................................................................................................. External Pressure Calculations

27-18

Example Problem

..................................................................................................................................

27-18

Chapter 28

The WRC 297 / ANNEX G Module

28-1

Introduction

.............................................................................................................................................

28-2

Discussion of Input Data

.........................................................................................................................

Item Number

................................................................................................................................

28-2

28-2

Description

..................................................................................................................................

Diameter Basis for Vessel

...........................................................................................................

28-2

28-2

Vessel Diameter

........................................................................................................................... Vessel Wall Thickness

................................................................................................................. Vessel Corrosion Allowance

.......................................................................................................

28-2

28-2

28-2

Design Pressure

...........................................................................................................................

Design Temperature

....................................................................................................................

28-2

28-2

Contents

xiii

Vessel Stress Concentration Factor

28-3

Is There a Reinforcing Pad?

28-3

Diameter Basis for Nozzle

...........................................................................................................

28-3

Diameter of Nozzle

......................................................................................................................

28-3

28-3

.......................................................................................................

28-3

28-3

Nozzle Wall Thickness ................................................................................................................

Nozzle Corrosion Allowance

Axial Force P (IN WRC 107 ) or FR (IN PD 5500)

.................................................................

28-3

Shear Force VL (IN WRC 107 ) or FL (IN PD 5500)

.................................................................

28-3

Torsional Moment MT

28-5

28-5

28-6

........................................................................................................... Add Axial Pressure Thrust?

......................................................................................................... Use Stress Indices (AD 560.7)?

................................................................................................... Additional Input for PD 5500, Annex G

................................................................................................. Allowable Stress Increase Factor (Membrane + Bending)

28-6

28-6

28-6

28-6

Allowable Stress Increase Factor (Membrane)

............................................................................

28-6

28-6

Allowable Stress Increase Factor Pad Edge (Membrane + Bending)

Stiffened Length of Vessel Section

..............................................................................................................

28-6

28-7

28-7

Nozzle Inside Projection

Offset from Left Tangent Line

28-7

Sample Calculation

.................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................

28-7

28-7

Discussion of Results

Chapter 29

Appendix Y

29-1

Introduction

.............................................................................................................................................

29-2

......................................................................................................

29-2

Purpose, Scope, and Technical Basis

Gasket and Gasket Factors

......................................................................................................................

29-2

Example

29-2

Chapter 30

Miscellaneous Topics

30-1

Heading Edit

30-2

Heading Manipulation and Material Properties

30-2

Material Name

30-4

..................................................................................

30-5

Allowable Stress at Operating Temperature

................................................................................

30-6

30-6

Allowable Stress at Hydrotest Temperature

Nominal Density of this Material

30-6

P Number Thickness

....................................................................................................................

30-6

................................................................................................................

30-6

30-7

Yield Stress, Operating

UCS-66 Chart Number

External Pressure Chart Name

.....................................................................................................

30-7

Carbon Steel Materials

30-7

30-7

Heat Treated Materials

30-7

Non Ferrous Materials

.................................................................................................................

30-8

xiv

Contents

Chapter 31

Vessel Example Problems

31-1

Vessel Example

......................................................................................................................................

31-2

1-1

C HAPTER 1 Chapter 1 Introduction
C HAPTER
1
Chapter 1
Introduction

In This Chapter

What is PVElite?

......................................................................... What is the Purpose and Scope of

...............................................

1-1

1-2

What distinguishes PVElite from other commercial pressure vessel packages?

3

What Applications are Available? About the Documentation

...............................................

........................................................... Program Support / User Assistance

.............................................

Updates

....................................................................................... COADE Technical Support Phone Numbers

..............................

1-4

1-7

1-9

1-9

1-10

1-

What is PVElite?

PVElite is a PC-based pressure vessel design and analysis software program developed, marketed and sold by COADE Engineering Software. PVElite is a package of nineteen applications for the design and analysis of pressure vessels and heat exchangers, and fitness for service assessments. The purpose of the program is to provide the mechanical engineer with easy to use, technically sound, well documented calculations which will speed and simplify the task of vessel design, re-rating or fitness for service. The popularity of PVElite is a reflection of COADE's expertise in programming and engineering, as well as COADE's dedication to service and quality.

1-2

PVElite User Guide

What is the Purpose and Scope of PVElite?

Calculations in PVElite are based on the latest editions of national codes such as the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, or industry standards such as the Zick method of analysis for horizontal drums. PVElite offers exceptional ease of use which results in dramatic improvement in efficiency for both design and re-rating. One expert estimates that the time he needs to rerate an exchanger has been reduced from eight hours to two hours.

PVElite features include:

Graphical User Interface, which lists model data and control with a vessel display.

Both horizontal and vertical vessels may be composed of cylinders, conic sections, body flanges and elliptical, torispherical, hemispherical, conical and flat heads.

Saddle supports for horizontal vessels. Leg and skirt supports at any location for vertical vessels.

Extensive on-line help.

Deadweight calculation from vessel details such as nozzles, lugs, rings, trays, insulation, packing and lining.

Wall thickness calculations for internal and external pressure in accordance with the rules of ASME Section VIII Division 1 and Division 2, and also BS 5500. Stiffener ring evaluation for external pressure.

Wind and seismic data using the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) standard, the Uniform Building Code (UBC), and the National (Canadian) Building Code, and the India Standard.

User defined unit system.

A complete examination of the vessel’s structural loads combining the effects of pressure, deadweight and live loads in the empty, operating and hydrotest conditions.

Logic to automatically increase wall thickness to satisfy requirements for pressure and structural loads and

introduce stiffener rings to address external pressure rules. Structural load evaluation in terms of both tensile and compressive stress ratios (to the allowable limits).

Detailed analysis of nozzles, flanges, and base rings.

A complete material library for all three design standards.

A component library containing pipe diameter and wall thickness, ANSI B16.5 flange pressure vs. temperature charts, and section properties for AISC beams.

Printed output from PVElite is exceptionally clear and complete, with user definable headings on each page. User comments and additions may be inserted at any point in the output.

Introduction

1-3

What distinguishes PVElite from other commercial pressure vessel packages?

COADE treats PVElite more as a service than a product. Our staff of experienced pressure vessel engineers are involved in day-to-day software development, program support, and training. This approach has produced a program which most closely fits today's requirements of the pressure vessel industry. Data entry is simple and straight forward through annotated input screens and/or spreadsheets. PVElite provides the widest range of modelling and analysis capabilities without becoming too complicated for simple system analysis. Users may tailor their PVElite installation through default setting and customized databases. Comprehensive input graphics confirms the model construction before the analysis is made. The program's interactive output processor presents results on the monitor for quick review or sends complete reports to a file or printer. PVElite is an up-to-date package that not only utilizes standard analysis guidelines but also provides the latest recognized opinions for these analyses.

PVElite is a field-proven engineering analysis program. It is a widely recognized product with a large customer base and an excellent support and development record. COADE is a strong and stable company where service is a major commitment.

1-4

PVElite User Guide

What Applications are Available?

The following applications are available in PVElite.

General Vessels

Wall thickness design and analysis of any vessel for realistic combinations of pressure, deadweight, nozzle, wind and seismic loads in accordance with ASME Section VIII Division 1 rules, Division 2 rules, and the rules of PD 5500:2000. These calculations address minimum wall thickness for pressure and allowable longitudinal stress (both tension and compression) in the vessel wall for the expected structural load combinations.

Complete Vertical Vessels

Vessels supported by either skirts, legs or lugs can be defined for complete dead load and live load analysis. Stacked vessels with liquid are also addressed. Hydrotest conditions may be specified for either vertical or horizontal test positions. Vessel MAWP includes hydrostatic head and ANSI B16.5 flange pressure limitations.

Complete Horizontal Vessels

Stress analysis of horizontal drums on saddle supports using the method of L. P. Zick. Results include stresses at the saddles, the midpoint of the vessel, and in the heads.

The following applications are available in PVElite.

Shells & Heads

Internal and external pressure design of vessels and exchangers using the ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1 rules. Components include cylinders, conical sections, elliptical heads, torispherical heads, flat heads, and spherical shells and heads. This program calculates required thickness and maximum allowable internal pressure for the given component. It also calculates the minimum design metal temperature per UCS-66, and evaluates stiffening rings for external pressure design.

This module also includes the implementation of API-579 for Fitness For Service evaluations (FFS). Sec. 4, Local Thinning, Sec. 5, General Metal loss and Sec. 6 Pitting Corrosion, are available at this time.

Nozzles

Required wall thickness and reinforcement under internal pressure for nozzles in shells and heads, using the ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1 rules and including tables of outside diameter and wall thickness for all nominal pipe diameters and schedules. The program checks the weld sizes, calculates the strength of reinforcement and evaluates failure paths for the nozzle. Hillside, tangential and Y-angle nozzles can also be evaluated.

Conical Sections

Internal and external pressure analysis of conical sections and stiffening rings using the ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1 rules. Complete area of reinforcement and moment of inertia calculations for the cone under both internal and external pressure are included.

Introduction

1-5

Floating Head

Internal and external pressure analysis of bolted dished heads (floating heads) using the ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1 rules. An additional calculations technique allowed by the Code (Soehren's calculation) is also implemented by this program.

Flanges

Stress analysis and geometry selection for all types of flanges using the ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1 rules. This program both designs and analyzes the following types of flanges:

Weld neck flanges and all integral flange types

Slip on flanges and all loose flange types with hubs

Ring type flanges and all loose flange types without hubs

Blind flanges, both circular and non-circular

TEMA channel covers

Reverse geometry weld neck flanges

Flat faced flanges with full face gaskets

Users can input the external forces and moments acting on the flange and alternate mating flange loads.

Tubesheets (TEMA and PD 5500)

PVElite performs an analysis of all types of tubesheets using the 8th Edition of the Standards of the Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association and PD 5500. The program takes full account of the effects of tubesheets extended as flanges, and for fixed tubesheets also includes the effects of differential thermal expansion and the presence of an expansion joint. Expansion joint can be designed within this module. For a fixed tubesheet exchanger the program can analyze multiple loads cases for both the corroded and uncorroded conditions. If an expansion joint is added, then corresponding expansion joint load cases will also be run.

Horizontal Vessels

Stress analysis of horizontal drums on saddle supports using the method of L.P. Zick. Results include stresses at the saddles, the midpoint of the vessel, and in the heads. Stiffening rings used in the design of the vessel are also evaluated. Wind and seismic loadings are also considered. Additionally, the saddle, webs and baseplate are checked for external seismic and wind loads. User can also specify friction and additional longitudinal forces on the vessel.

Legs & Lugs

Analysis of vessel support legs, support lugs, trunnions and lifting lugs. This analysis is based on industry standard calculation techniques, and the resulting stresses are compared to the AISC Handbook of Steel Construction or the ASME Code. A full table of 929 AISC beams, channels and angles is included in the program. User can also perform WRC 107 calculation on the trunnion and the support lug, from within this module.

1-6

PVElite User Guide

Pipes & Pads

Required wall thickness and maximum allowable working pressure for two pipes, and branch reinforcement requirements for the same two pipes considered as a branch and a header. Based on ANSI B31.3 rules, this program includes tables of outside diameter and wall thickness for all nominal pipe diameters and schedules.

WRC 107/FEA

Stresses in cylindrical or spherical shells due to loading on an attachment, using the method of P.P. Bijlaard as defined in Welding Research Council Bulletin 107, including a stress comparison to VIII Div. 2 allowables for 3 different loading conditions. This module also contains an interface to the Finite Analysis Program (Nozzle Pro from The Paulin Research Group).

Baserings

Stress and thickness evaluation for skirts and baserings. Results from both the neutral axis shift and simplified method for basering required thickness is reported. Required skirt thickness due to weight loads and bending moments are also displayed. Tailing Lugs attached to the basering can also be analyzed.

Thin Joints

Stress and life cycle evaluation for thin walled expansion joints in accordance with ASME VIII Div. 1 appendix 26.

Thick Joints

Stress, life cycle and spring rate calculations for flanged and flued expansion joints in accordance with ASME VIII Div. 1 appendix 5. The spring rate computation is per TEMA eighth edition.

ASME Tubesheets

This program determines required thickness of tubesheets for fixed or U-tube exchangers per the ASME Code Section VIII division 1 section UHX. You can use the program to analyze multiple loads cases for both the corroded and uncorroded conditions.

Half-Pipe

This program determines required thickness and MAWP for half-pipe jacketed vessels per the ASME Code Section VIII division 1 appendix EE.

Large Openings

This program analyzes large openings in integral flat heads per the ASME Code Section VIII division 1 appendix 2 and appendix 14. Required thickness, MAWP and weights are computed for geometries that have no nozzle or an attached nozzle.

Introduction

1-7

Rectangular Vessels

This program analyzes non-circular pressure vessels using the rules of the ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Appendix 13. Most of the vessel types in Appendix 13 are analyzed for internal pressure, including reinforced or stayed rectangular vessels with a diametral staying plate. All membrane and bending stresses are computed and compared to the appropriate allowables.

WRC 297/ PD5500 Annex G

This program calculates the stress analysis of loads and attachments according to the Welding Research Council bulletin 297 (WRC 297) and the British Standard Annex G (PD:5500). The WRC 297 bulletin, published in 1984, attempts to extend the existing analysis of WRC 107 for cylinder-to-cylinder intersections. PD:5500 Annex G provides an analysis of stress in cylindrical or spherical shells due to attachment loads. Complete material databases for ASME Sec VIII, Div-1,2 and PD:5500 are available.

Appendix Y Flanges

This module performs a stress evaluation of Class1 category 1, 2, or 3 flanges that form identical flange pairs, according to the latest version of the ASME Code Section VIII Division 1 Appendix Y.

Summary

Description and evaluation of all the components of a pressure vessel or heat exchanger. Design pressure, temperature, material, actual thickness, and Maximum Allowable Working Pressure are shown for each component.

About the Documentation

Chapter 2 gives you information on the hardware and software required to run PVElite, instructions on how to install the program, and how to prepare your computer to run the program.

Chapter 3 tells you how to launch PVElite on your computer. Use Chapter 3 to learn the structure of the program, and the keystrokes needed to operate the software . Each of the applications operates the same way, so you will only need to learn these skills one time.

Chapter 4 discusses the PVElite element input data for each basic element. The vessel details added to these elements is explained in Chapter 5. Chapter 6 describes the general vessel input data.

Chapter 7 discusses the Analyze options of PVElite while Chapter 8 contains information needed to analyze shell and tube type heat exchangers.

Chapter 9 discusses how to review or generate output for the job. This chapter also focuses on the capabilities of the review processor.

Chapter 10 contains a complete step-by-step tutorial which leads you through the use of one application of the PVElite Component Analysis Module.

1-8

PVElite User Guide

Chapter 11 gives a more detailed description of several features associated with the spreadsheet input program - merging shell data, selecting materials, editing materials properties, and inserting or deleting analyses.

Chapters 11 through 29 contain the technical descriptions for each of the PVElite module applications. The information provided for each application includes:

The purpose and scope of the application and its technical basis

Notes on the input to the program and results of the program

A figure showing the relevant geometry

One or more example problems

Chapter 30 describes the miscellaneous processors included in PVElite.

Introduction

1-9

Program Support / User Assistance

COADE's staff understands that PVElite is not only a complex analysis tool but also, at times, an elaborate process — one that may not be obvious to the casual user. While our documentation is intended to address the questions raised regarding pressure vessel/heat exchanger/FFS analyses, system modeling, and results interpretation, not all the answers can be quickly found in these volumes.

COADE understands the engineer's need to produce efficient, economical, and expeditious designs. To that end, COADE has a staff of helpful professionals ready to address any PVElite issues raised by all users. PVElite support is available by telephone, email, fax, Website discussion forum, and by mail; literally hundreds of support calls are answered every week. COADE provides this service at no additional charge to the user. It is expected, however, that questions focus on the current version of the program.

For users to be be informed of the latest build/updates for the program, they can register their copy of PVElite at www.coade.com/updates.htm.

Formal training in PVElite and pressure vessel analysis is also available from COADE. COADE conducts regular training classes in Houston and provides in-house and open attendance courses around the world. These courses focus on the expertise available at COADE — modeling, analysis, and design. For more information about these courses visit www.coade.com.

Updates

PVElite update sets are identified by their version number. The current release of PVElite is Version 2004.

Licenses

There are 3 types of PVElite Licenses:

Full Run

Provides unlimited access to PVElite with updates, maintenance, and support provided as long as the lease is in effect.

Lease

Provides unlimited access to PVElite with updates, maintenance, and support provided as long as the lease is in effect.

Limited Run

Provides 50 analyses over an unlimited period of time, but does not include program updates. The user is upgraded (if necessary) whenever a new set of 50 "runs" is purchased. A run is decremented when the Analyze option is selected from the menu bar and the Analyze submenu item is selected.

1-10

PVElite User Guide

COADE Technical Support Phone Numbers

Phone: 281-890-4566

Fax: 281-890-3301

Email:techsupport@coade.com

WEB: www.coade.com

2-1

C HAPTER

2

Chapter 2

Overview of the Installation/Configuration Process

2-1 C HAPTER 2 Chapter 2 Overview of the Installation/Configuration Process PVElite is installed on the

PVElite is installed on the system hard disk using the program setup located on the CD. The installation program has been designed to allow total installations, diagnostic checks of the installation, and ease of updating. This section will explain the process of running the PVElite setup application.

For users upgrading to a new version of PVElite, the installation program can be instructed to place the new files in the same directory where the current version resides. The new version files will overwrite the old version files where appropriate.

PVElite can be run from anywhere on the system hard disk. It is recommended that job files be kept in one or more data or project directories separate from the PVElite installation directory.

The installation process consists of the following steps:

  • 1 Copying of files from the CD to the hard disk.

  • 2 Extraction of PVElite from these compressed files.

  • 3 Verification of the extracted files.

  • 4 Installation of the External Software Lock drivers.

2-2

PVElite User Guide

In This Chapter

System and Hardware Requirements External Software Lock

...........................................

............................................................... Starting the Installation Procedure

..............................................

2-2

2-2

2-3

Installing PVElite

........................................................................ Network Installation / Usage

.......................................................

2-5

2-7

ESL Installation on a Network

....................................................

2-8

Notes on Network ESLs

..............................................................

2-9

System and Hardware Requirements

The specific system resources necessary to run PVElite are listed below:

Intel Pentium processor (or equivalent)

Microsoft Windows (2000 or higher) Operating System

128 Mbytes RAM (recommended)

80 Mbytes of disk space

CD-ROM Drive

1.5 GigaHertz CPU or better

Note: PVElite is designed for 1024x768 or higher resolution. All of the dialogs may not fit on the screen at lower resolutions.

External Software Lock

The External Software Lock (ESL) is the security protection method employed by COADE. The program cannot execute unless an appropriate ESL (white or USB) is attached to the PC locally, or to another computer in the network (red ESL).

The ESL can be easily attached to the parallel port of the computer in a matter of seconds. The printer cable should then be attached to the other side of the ESL. The essential requirement for the successful operation of the ESL is that the port must be a Centronics compatible DB-25 pin parallel port. This is the IBM PC standard read/write printer port.

The ESL contains the PVElite licensing data, and other client-specific information. This information includes the client company name and user ID number. Additional data may be stored on the ESL depending on the specific program and the specific client.

Overview of the Installation/Configuration Process

2-3

Starting the Installation Procedure

Insert a CD into the CD-ROM drive. The installation program should start up automatically. If so, proceed to the section entitled "Installing PVElite". If not, it may be started manually using the following procedure.

Click the Windows Desktop Start button, select SETTINGS/ CONTROL PANEL (see below).

Overview of the Installation/Configuration Process 2-3 Starting the Installation Procedure Insert a CD into the CD-ROM

Opening Control Panel

2-4

PVElite User Guide

From the Control Panel select ADD/REMOVE PROGRAMS.

2-4 PVElite User Guide From the Control Panel select A DD /R EMOVE P ROGRAMS .

Control Panel

The ADD/REMOVE PROGRAMS dialog. Click the Install button to start the installation process.

2-4 PVElite User Guide From the Control Panel select A DD /R EMOVE P ROGRAMS .

Add/Remove Programs

Overview of the Installation/Configuration Process

2-5

The next screen prompts for the folder in which PVElite is to be installed. This folder may be entered by selecting the Browse button. The folder may be the current location of an existing PVElite installation, or a new location.

This starts the installation process by prompting you to place the CD in the CD-ROM drive and clicking the Next button. Add/Remove Programs searches for the SETUP.EXE file located on the CD and prompts the user for verification of the file to be installed. Clicking the Finish button runs the setup program.

Installing PVElite

The installation routine is easily navigable by responding to on-screen prompts and then clicking Next. After an opening screen, you must enter the serial number provided with the CD. This serial number should be kept in a safe place for future installations.

Overview of the Installation/Configuration Process 2-5 The next screen prompts for the folder in which PVElite

Entering the Product Serial Number

2-6

PVElite User Guide

Note: The serial number is located on the sticker that is attached to the CD. Do not discard the CD-ROM case!

T he next screen prompts you for the folder in which PVElite is to be installed. The folder name may be entered by clicking the Browse button. The folder may be the current location of an existing PVElite installation or a new location.

2-6 PVElite User Guide Note: The serial number is located on the sticker that is attached

Destination Folder

The program then prompts for the folder in which to add the program icons.

2-6 PVElite User Guide Note: The serial number is located on the sticker that is attached

Icon Folder Selection

Overview of the Installation/Configuration Process

2-7

The user then specifies the color of the ESL being used. This ensures that the correct drivers get loaded during the installation.

Overview of the Installation/Configuration Process 2-7 The user then specifies the color of the ESL being

Select ESL Color

Note: After loading the ESL drivers, if you are using Win 95/98 or NT, the computer will have to be rebooted in order for them to become operative. They are loaded immediately if using Win 2000 or later making the restart unnecessary.

Network Installation / Usage

COADE products can be run on network file servers as easily as on stand alone workstations. There are two different installation configurations which must be considered.

Network drive installation – The software is installed on a network drive and a network ESL is installed and accessed by multiple users.

Network drive installation (each user has a ESL) – The software is installed on a network drive and both local ESLs and network ESLs are present.

COADE software supports three ESLs. The white ESLs and USB are intended for "local" usage. The red ESL is intended for "network"" usage. Do not attempt to put a "local" ESL on a network server - the system will crash.

2-8

PVElite User Guide

Software Installation on a Network Drive

The Setup program treats a network drive no different than a local hard drive. Simply specify the target installation drive and directory and the software will be copied and expanded accordingly.

Some networks protect installation directories from subsequent modification by users. This involves setting the

access rights in the installation directory to usually "read", "share" and "scan". Since COADE software utilizes data

files specific to the installation (i.e., accounting, files, material files, etc

)

which a user may need to modify, these

... files cannot be located in the "protected" installation directory. These data files are located in a sub-directory named

SYSTEM , underneath the installation directory. Users should be given all access rights to this SYSTEM directory. While the actual name of the program's installation directory can be specified by the person installing the software, the SYSTEM sub-directory name is fixed, and is automatically created. Renaming this sub-directory will cause the software to fail and generate an error report.

Note: The SYSTEM sub-directory is not the primary top level SYSTEM directory containing the network operating system.

Once the software has been installed on the network drive, the installation program invokes the configuration program which generates a default configuration file. Once the installation directory is write protected this file cannot be modified. Leaving this file as read only would insure the configuration file can then only be used as a starting template to generate other configuration files located in the various user data directories.

ESL Installation on a Network

COADE software programs support two different ESL types, "local" ESLs and "network" ESLs. Both types of ESLs are intended to be attached to the parallel ports of the applicable computers. Local ESLs provide the maximum flexibility in using the software, since these devices can be moved between computers (i.e., between desktops and laptops). If your computer uses a local ESL, the remainder of this section can be skipped.

Network ESLs must be attached to the parallel port of any machine on the network (this can be a workstation or the file server). The file server is a better location for this ESL, since it will usually be up and running. If the network ESL is attached to a workstation, the workstation must be running and/or logged onto the network before anyone can use the software.

In order for the network to recognize the ESL, a utility program must be loaded on the machine controlling the ESL. The actual utility used depends on whether the ESL is on the file server or a workstation and the type of network. The drivers for network ESL usage can be found in the sub-directory ASSIDRV beneath the PVElite program directory. The documentation files in this sub-directory contain instructions for a variety of networks and operating systems.

Novell File Server ESL Installation

If the network ESL is to be located on a Novell file server, the driver HASPSERV.NLM is needed. This driver should be copied onto the file server, into the top level SYSTEM directory. Then, the system start-up file (AUTOEXEC.NCF) should be modified to include the command:

LOAD HASPSERV

This modification can be accomplished with SYSCON (or equivalent) assuming supervisor rights.

Overview of the Installation/Configuration Process

2-9

Novell Workstation ESL Installation

If the network ESL is to be located on a workstation, the driver HASPSERV.EXE is needed. This driver should be copied onto the workstation. The actual location (directory) on the workstation is not important, as long as the program can be located for start-up. Place the command:

HASPSERV

in the AUTOEXEC.BAT file of the workstation, after the commands which load the network drivers. The workstation does not need to be logged in. Note however, the workstation must always be up and running for users to access the software.

Windows Server Installation

For Windows Server installation, please refer to the documentation files NETHASP.TXT and ESL_RED.TXT found in the ASSIDRV subdirectory for network specific instructions.

Notes on Network ESLs

There are advantages and disadvantages in utilizing a network ESL. The prime advantage is that many users (up to the number of licenses) have access (from a variety of computers) to the software on a single server.

The prime disadvantage is that users cannot transfer the ESL between machines in order to take PVElite home or to another remote location.

Since both a network and several local ESLs may be initialized on the same system (there is no network specific version of the software), it is suggested that only 70 to 80 percent of the desired licenses be assigned to a network ESL. The remaining 20 to 30 percent of the licenses should be assigned to local ESLs. This enables the local ESLs to be moved between computers, to run the software at remote locations. Alternatively, if all of the licenses are on the ESL, a user must then be logged into the network to access the software. A few local ESLs provide much greater operating flexibility.

Note: The number of licenses assigned to a network ESL is not a parameter that can be modified remotely by COADE software.

Local users running the software from a network drive should run the file "Netuser.bat" one time to update all locations.

3-1

C HAPTER

3

Chapter 3

Tutorial / Master Menu

3-1 C HAPTER 3 Chapter 3 Tutorial / Master Menu

3-2

PVElite User Guide

In This Chapter

Program Structure and Control

3-3

A Road Map for PVELITE

3-3

The Input Processor

3-4

Other Input Processors

3-8

Error Checking 3-11 ............................................................................ Analysis 3-11 .......................................................................................

Tools Menu

................................................................................. Output Review & Report Generation

..........................................

3-12

3-14

Design and Analysis of Vessel Details 3-17 ........................................ Main Menu 3-20 ..................................................................................

File Menu

3-21

Analyze Menu

3-26

Output Menu

3-27

Tools Menu

3-28

Diagnostics Menu 3-34 ........................................................................

View Menu

3-34 ..................................................................................

Inspecting the Model in 3D 3-38 .........................................................

ESL Menu

3-39

Help Menu

3-40

PVElite Quick Start 3-41 .....................................................................

Adding Details

3-43

Specifying Global Data - Loads and Design Constraints

3-45

Running the Analysis

3-48

3-49

DXF File Generation Option 3-52 .......................................................

Setting Up the Required Parameters

3-53

........................................... DXF File Generated by PVElite During Runtime 3-55 .......................

Tutorial / Master Menu

3-3

Program Structure and Control

The basic PVElite hard disk configuration would be structured as follows:

PVELITE:

Root Installation PVElite directory

Project #1:

Data files for Project #1

Project #2

Data files for Project #2

\SYSTEM:

Program database & control files

\EXAMPLES:

Sample input files

Most files in the data subdirectories are identified by a user-defined filename with a given extension. The remaining files hold data controlling the program's operation. These files and their description follow:

jobname.PVI

PVElite input file

jobname.TAB

temporary results file

jobname.T80

results file used by the output review processor

jobname.CCI

input file for component analysis

units.FIL

User units file (relating user's units and program units)

*.BIN

PVElite Material Database

UMAT1.BIN

Binary file holding the user-defined materials

A Road Map for PVELITE

There are many PVElite functions that are not addressed here. This section focuses on the structure and control of the fundamental units of the program - input, analysis, and output. By understanding these basic concepts, a firm foundation for understanding PVElite is assured.

Input, analysis, output; it is as simple as that. Input - collect information required to define the vessel, its service requirements and its design guidelines. Analysis - translate the user's input into appropriate data for the design and analysis algorithms, correctly apply the rules of appropriate code or standard and generate results. Output - present those results with explanation in a way that the final report is comprehensive and meaningful.

3-4

PVElite User Guide

The Input Processor

To define the data necessary for the analysis, the vessel is broken down into its basic elements—heads, shells, cones, etc. A quick look at the default PVElite input screen (below) shows the data which defines the element. Except for the "From Node" and "To Node", these data are common to all vessel wall thickness calculations. The From and To Nodes are necessary to assemble the individual elements into the complete vessel and are automatically assigned by PVElite. A complete vessel is required if all dead and live loads are to be included in the design or analysis. Yet PVElite will run wall thickness calculations on elements without constructing the entire vessel.

3-4 PVElite User Guide The Input Processor To define the data necessary for the analysis, the

PVElite Completed Input Screen

Tutorial / Master Menu

3-5

PVElite is a Windows package and exploits the advantages of the Graphical User Interface (GUI). Looking at the input screen above, no direct path through the processor is evident; control can jump to many other points in the program. This style of control is called an event driven, graphic environment.

This screen has a Main Menu across the top which controls the major routing through the processor. These items — File, Input, Analyze, Output, Tools, etc. — may be accessed directly from this menu at any point in the processor. In a row directly below the Main Menu appears a series of toolbars and buttons specific to the current screen. In the screen above, the buttons manipulate the elements (Insert, Delete, Update), specify unique data (Material, Share), or change the view or input method (Zoom, Layout view). The three toolbars control the data file, add elements and add details to the current element. These toolbars and buttons may be relocated on the screen.

The body of the screen contains either two or three areas - a table of the Element Basic Data, a table of the Element Additional Data (when required), and the graphic area which contains an image of the current status of the entire vessel or the current element. A status bar runs across the bottom of the screen. The status bar displays an element count, the position and orientation of the current element, and quick internal pressure calculations for the current element.

How are the menu selections made, how are the buttons pushed, how is the data entered? Most operations are obvious when using a mouse; simply point to the item and click the left mouse button1 to open drop down menus from the menu line, activate the button commands, pick a tool or move control to one of the screen areas. All buttons and toolbars have fly-out definitions which are activated when the mouse rests on the button.

When a mouse click occurs in the data area(s), the Tab key moves the highlight (and control) through its input cells. In most element data areas, the Enter key has no function; it is the tab key which moves the cursor to the next input cell. The exception is at "combo boxes"2 where a click on the arrow will display the available choices and a down arrow will step through the choices. An example of the combo box is found on the Input screen shown above where the element is chosen from a list of available types. Throughout the program, the [F1] key shows the help screen for the highlighted data item. Once familiar with these screen controls, a combination of mouse and keystroke commands will provide the most efficient navigation through the program.

Note:

The right mouse button is used to select vessel details on the vessel graphic. Combo boxes have the down

arrow button at the right end of the input cell.

3-6

PVElite User Guide

3-6 PVElite User Guide Input Screen Layout When the graphics area of the Input screen is

Input Screen Layout