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A capacitor in an AC circuit will

A conductor cutting through magnetic lines of force produce

continually charge and discharge as the current in the circuit reverses.

electricity. decreases the voltage and increases the current. increases the voltage and decreases the current. is continually and rapidly reversing.
a meter used to measure current flow in an electrical circuit.

A step-down transformer

A step-up transformer

Alternating Current



measures the quantity of electron flow rate. quantity of electron flow. is the smallest particle of an element. protons, neutrons, and electrons.

Ampere equals


Atoms are made up of


is the amount of charge that can be stored in a capacitor. amount of charge that can be stored.
an electrical storage device used to start motors and to improve the efficiency of a motor.



Circuit Breaker

a device that opens an electric circuit when an overload occurs.

is an instrument that can be clamped around one conductor in an electrical circuit and measure the current.

Clamp-On Ammeter


a path for electrical energy to flow on.

is a semiconductor often use as a voltage sensitive switching device.
a solid-state component made from two layers of semiconductor material that allows electric current to flow in only one direction and is commonly used to change alternating current to direct current.




are simple solid state devices. They consist of P-type and N-type material connected together.
are solid state devices composed of both P type and N type material. When connected in a circuit one way, current will flow. When the diode is reversed the current will not flow.


Direct Current

is current that travels in one direction. is measured in watts.

Electrical Power Electricity can be produced from? Electron Electrons travel in orbits around the Fuse

magnetism, heat, chemicals.

is the smallest portion of an atom that carries a negative charge and orbits around the nucleus of an atom.

protons and neutrons.

is a safety device used in electrical circuits for the protection of the circuit conductor and components. are small components typically made out of aluminum with fins that help to dissipate heat.
is the opposition to current flow in an AC circuit from the combination of resistance, inductive reactance, and capacitive reactance.

Heat Sinks



is resistance in an alternating current circuit.

is the opposition to current flow in an alternating current circuit or a similar circuit in which the voltage is rapidly changing.



is induced voltage producing a resistance in an alternating current.

is the resistance caused by the magnetic field surrounding a coil in an AC circuit.

Inductive reactance


are poor conductors of electricity. is equal to 1000 Watts

Kilowatt Loads or power- consuming devices are usually wired? Magnetism

in parallell
is a force causing a magnetic field to attract ferrous metals, or where like poles of a magnet repel and unlike poles attract each other.


is the unit of measurement for the charge a capacitor can store.

is an instrument that will measure voltage, resistance, and milliamperes.


Negative electrical charge

is an atom or component that has an excess of electrons. is the unit of measurement for resistance.



is resistance to electron flow.

Ohm equals

resistance to electron flow.

is a law involving electrical relationships discovered by George Ohm.

Ohm's Law

Ohm's Law

Voltage (E) = Amperage (I) x Resistance (R) is a meter that measures electrical resistance.
is an electrical or fluid circuit where the current or fluid takes more than one path at a junction.


Parallel circuit

Positive Charge

is an atom or component that has a shortage of electrons. is the part of an atom having a positive charge. and electrons have a negative charge.
electronic device that allows current to flow in only one direction; they convert AC to DC -necessary for safe/effective use of tube.

Proton Protons have a positive charge, Rectifiers

Resistance (R) load

equals the voltage divided by the amperage. is 0.707 x peak voltage.

is the alternating current voltage effective value. This is the value measured by most voltage meters.
is a component in an electronic system that is considered neither an insulator nor a conductor but a partial conductor. It conducts current in a controlled and predictable manner.

RMS voltage Root Mean Square (RMS) voltage Semiconductor


diodes, rectifiers, transistors, thermistors, diacs, and triacs.

is an electrical or piping circuit where all of the current or fluid flows through the entire circuit.

Series Circuit

Sine Wave

displays the voltage of one AC cycle through 360 degrees

is the graph or curve used to describe the characteristics of alternating current and voltage.

Sine Wave

Solenoid Switches in electrical circuits are usually wired

is a coil of wire carrying an electrical current. in a series.

The primary and secondary windings in a transformer are Thermistors

wired in parallel.
is a resistor that changes its resistance with a change of temperature. are electrical devices that produce an electrical current in a second circuit through electromagnetic induction.
is a small electronic device containing a semiconductor and having at least three electrical contacts, used in a circuit as an amplifier, detector, or switch.




is a switching device that will conduct on both halves of the AC waveform. A common use is a motor speed control for AC motors.

Typical insulators are

glass, rubber, plastic


is electrical force or pressure.

Volt equals

electrical force or pressure.

is the potential electrical difference for electron flow from one line to another in an electrical circuit.

Voltage Voltage (E or V) (EMF) equals

Amperage (I) x Resistance (R). This is Ohm's law.

Voltmeter VOM (volt-ohmmilliammeter) Watt Watts (W) or Electrical Power (P) What kind of charge does a electron have?
What part of an atom freely moves from one atom to another in a good conductor?

is an instrument used for checking electrical potential. is a multimeter.

is power used when 1 ampere flows with a potential difference of 1 volt.

equals voltage times the amperes flowing in a circuit. Negative Charge

Electron the atom has a positive charge. it has a negative charge.

When a deficiency of electrons exists, When a surplus of electrons is in an atom,