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Inventory Management, contoh (1)

Menghitung EOQ dengan cara trial and errorl


Kebutuhan pertahun:
Biaya sekali order:
Biaya penyimpanan:
Harga barang:

8000
12.5
20%
1

unit
(ribu rp)
dari nilai barang per tahun
(ribu rp)

Jumlah order

Lot size

rerata inventory /
tahun

Nilai rerata
inventory /tahun

biaya penyimpanan

1
2
4
8
16

8000
4000
2000
1000
500

4000
2000
1000
500
250

4000
2000
1000
500
250

800
400
200
100
50

Inventory Management, contoh (2)


Menghitung EOQ dengan perhitungan aljabar
Dari contoh (1)
2DS
200000
2DS/H
1000000
EOQ
1000

Biaya order

Total
biaya

12.5
25
50
100
200

812.5
425
250
200
250

Inventory Management, contoh (3)


Menghitung perkiraan kebutuhan
Tahun
Kebutuhan (ton)
1
2
2
3
3
6
4
10
5
8
6
7
7
13
8
14
9
14
10
18
11
19

Inventory Management, Contoh (3)


Klasifikasi ABC
N(Rp)
UPT(unit/th)
No
50
50000
1
110
2000
2
160
400
3
80
700
4
70
4800
5
150
1300
6
150
17000
7
200
300
8
90
5000
9
120
400
10
Total
Catatan: Satuan Rp dikali 1000

urutan berdasar NPT dan perhitungan prosentase


N(Rp)
UPT(unit/th)
No
150
17000
7
50
50000
1
90
5000
9
70
4800
5
110
2000
2
150
1300
6
160
400
3
200
300
8
80
700
4
120
400
10

NPT(Rp/th)
2500000
220000
64000
56000
336000
195000
2550000
60000
450000
48000
6479000

%NPT
38.6
3.4
1.0
0.9
5.2
3.0
39.4
0.9
6.9
0.7

%NPT kum

KELAS

NPT(Rp/th)
2550000
2500000
450000
336000
220000
195000
64000
60000
56000
48000

%NPT
39.4
38.6
6.9
5.2
3.4
3.0
1.0
0.9
0.9
0.7

%NPT kum
39.4
77.9
84.9
90.1
93.5
96.5
97.5
98.4
99.3
100.0

KELAS
A
A
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C

Contoh MPS

L1
L2
L3

A
15
20
25

B
20
20
25

C
15
30
20

D
10
15

Std. Cap
40
40
40

Week 1
Produk
Initial Inventory
Gross requirement
Standar lot size
Safety inventory
Net requirement
MPS

L1
L2
L3
Total

Reqirement met
Requirement not met
Service level
Avergage service level in the period
Ending inventory
Average inventory in the period
Total avg inventory in the period
Below safety inventory
Below safety inventory in the period

We

100
2000
200
400
2400

300
400
200
500
600

250
500
200
400
800
600

350
1000
200
300
1000

800
800
900
1100
0.45
0
50
400

0
300
100
0.75
0.80
0
150
710
500
1180

Cap used

A
0
600
200
400
1000

40
40
48

600
500
0
1.00

720
720
1000
0
1.00

350
300

70
210

0
0

50

230

400

0
0
600
0.00
0.75

470
1080

Week 2

Week 3

0
650
200
500
1200

350
650
200
400
800
600

70
600
200
300
1000

800
800
650
0
1.00
0.75
150
75
470
350
1080

Cap used

0
700
200
400
1200

150
650
200
500
1000

300
650
200
400
800

70
600
200
300
1000

40
40
40

600
650
0
1.00

600
600
600
0
1.00

300
325

70
70

0
0

100

230

400

0
0
700
0.00

0
150
500
0.23
0.42
0
75
295
500
1530

Cap used

A
0
200
200
400
600

0
0
40

0
300
350
0.46

600
600
600
0
1.00

0
150

70
70

0
0

400

230

400

0
0
200
0.00

0.0

35

160

Week 4
B

0
650
200
500
1200

0
300
200
400
800

70
600
200
300
1000

Cap used

0
0
0
0
0
650
0.00
0.03
0
0
35
500
1600

0
0
300
0.00

0
70
530
0.12

0
0

0
35

400

300

CONTOH PERHITUNGAN MRP


MPS
Perioda
A
B
ITEM
F
Perioda
F-A
F-B
Gross requirement
Scheduled receive
Initial Inventroy
Net requirement
Planned receive
End Inventory
Planned order
G
Perioda
G- A
Gross requirement
Scheduled receive
Initial Inventroy
Net requirement
Planned receive
End Inventory
Planned order
H
Perioda
H-G
Gross requirement
Scheduled receive
Initial Inventroy
Net requirement
Planned receive
End Inventory
Planned order
I
Perioda
I-G
Gross requirement
Scheduled receive
Initial Inventroy
Net requirement

1
400
200

2
600
0

3
600
0

1
800
200
1000
800
400
0

2
1200
0
1200
1000
200
0

3
1200
0
1200

200
1200

0
900

1
400
400

2
600
600

3
600
600

600
0

200
400
400
0
600

0
600
600
0
400

2
600
600

3
400
400

200
400
600
200
200

200
200
200
0
0

2
1200
1200
1000
200
0

3
1200
1200

200
400

1
400
400
600
0
200
600

1
800
800
1000
0

0
1200
1200
0

0
1200

Planned receive
End Inventory
Planned order
J
Perioda
F-B
Gross requirement
Scheduled receive
Initial Inventroy
Net requirement
Planned receive
End Inventory
Planned order

200
1200

1200
0
900

1
400
400
400
100
0

2
0
0

3
900
900

100
0

100
800
900
100

100
900

100

4
400
100

4
800
100
900
0
900
900
0

4
400
400
0
400
400
0

4
0
0
0
0
0
0

4
800
800
0
800

900
100

4
0
0
100
0
100