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published by the Ukrainian National Association Inc., a fraternal non-profit association!

Ukrainian Weekl

Vol.

LI

No.

13

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

SUNDAY, MARCH 27, 1983

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Catholic bishops issue famine appeal

An appeal of the Ukrainian Catho­ lic bishops in the U.S.A. commemo­ rating the tragic 50th anniversary of the artificially created Great Famine in Ukraine.

Dear Brothers and Sisters in Chris!:

The sacred scriptures warn us to be carefuHrrot to enact unjust laws. "Woe to those who enact unjust statutes and who write oppressive decrees" (Isaiah 10,1). Fifty years ago in Ukraine a most tragic event took place wherein millions of people perished in an artificially contrived famine, engineered by the godless regime of Soviet Moscow. In order to physically compel the agricultural class of eastern Ukraine to join the collective fanning concept of the state and in order to do away with free enterprise, a diabolic plan was conceived to literally destroy the breadwinners of the nation. Entire towns and villages starved to death, ironically in the land that has been called in history "the breadbasket of Europe." The world was unaware of what was happening because of the deceitful propaganda that was dis­ seminated from the regime in Mos­ cow. These people that survived the horrors of that artificially created famine have documented their testi­ monies into a terrible tale of man's inhumanity to man.

We appeal to you at this time that you remember all those brothers and sisters of ours in the Lord who perished so tragically. At the same time we must be mindful of those

who still suffer oppression, hunger and want in Ukraine. We ask all of our priests to celebrate the divine liturgy on Sunday, May 15,1983, for the intentions of those who perished so tragically in that famine of the

1930s.

In this

we join our non-

Catholic, Orthodox brothers and sisters, in common prayer for our brothers and sisters. At the same time we pray the Lord grant our people a better tomorrow, so that "with one mind and one heart, we may glorify the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit" (divine liturgy).

Stephen Archbishop-Metropolitan of Phila­ delphia

Basil Bishop of Stamford

Innocent Bishop of Chicago

Robert Auxiliary Bishop of the Philadelphia Metropolitan

Afghan government forces massacre civilians

NEW YORK - Afghan government forces are reported to have killed 120 unarmed villagers in Logar province, south of the capital of Kabul, in August 1982, according to information reach­ ing Amnesty International recently. The killings are reported by Al's sources to have taken place in the village of Keshem Kale. No further details are yet available. In another widely reported massacre in mid-September, government forces are alleged to have killed 10S unarmed people in the village of Padkhwab-e- Shana, also south of the capital. On January 25, AI wrote to Af­ ghanistan's president, Babrak Karmal, expressing concern about the reports of

the killings, calling on the government to establish an inquiry into the incidents and urging the authorities to charge and try the responsible officials if the allegations proved correct. AI also protested to the Afghan government about the execution of 10 anti-government "rebels" on December 4, 1982, and appealed for the commuta­ tion of the death sentences passed on six other men in two separate trials in December. These death sentences were the first to be reported in the Afghan press for over a year. In its letter, the international human- rights organization also inquired about the reasons for the detention of several academics arrested in May 1982. They

included Dr. Hassan Kakar, a historian of international repute; Fazl Rabbi Pazhwak, professor of law and former chancellor of Kabul University, and Dr. Tarzi, a lecturer in law at the university. According to information received by AI, there is no evidence that the three men were involved in any acts of violence. The organization urged the government to ensure that the three men were released immediately or charged and tried in open court if they had committed any criminal acts. AI has recently received a list of 15 women reportedly detained in prison in Afghanistan for political reasons and is currently investigating the reasons for their detention.

State Department holds seminar

Ukrainian groups

for East European ethnic press editors

consolidate forces

by Dr. Walter Dushnyck

WASHINGTON - A special se­ minar on U.S. policy on Eastern Europe and the USSR' was held on Friday, March 11, at the State Department for editors of East European ethnic newspapers in the United States. The conference-seminar, initiated by Edward J. Derwinski, former U.S. congressman from Illinois and now a State Department counselor, was for "background only," so no specific official can be cited. In all, nine highly specialized offi­ cials of the State Department spoke on such topics as overview of the present administration's foreign policy, Eastern Europe, human rights, U.S.-Soviet relations, emigration policies of the USSR and its satellites, and arms- control issues. After each presentation, participants were allowed to question the speaker on the issue related to his presentation. Following is a summation of the pre­ sentations.

Problems related to Ukraine

At least two speakers referred to the oppression of the Ukrainian people. One, in commenting on Soviet jamming of Radio Liberty and Radio Free Europe, said that "the Ukrainians and the Uzbeks in the USSR do not have self-determination." He added that in the United Nations some thoughts are being expressed that the USSR should give Ukraine and Byelorussia "a full status of independence and have them establish embassies all over the world and end the anomaly that, though being members of the United Nations, they are not sovereign states" at home. The same diplomat further said that in the "not- too-distant future, we are going to speak for self-determination for the Ukrainians."

Another high-ranking diplomat, asked about the possibility of reopen­ ing the U.S. Consulate in Kiev, said: "It was a great error to have closed the U.S. Consulate in Kiev, because it was the only way that we could have relations with the Ukrainian people."

He added that the closing of the U.S. Consulate in Kiev "was contingent on Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan." If Moscow withdraws from that Asian country, the reopening of the U.S. Consulate in Kiev would follow. He said that the United States is still paying yearly rent for the Consulate premises in Kiev.

U.S. foreign relations

The over-all image of the United States abroad has improved considerably , from what it used to be in the past. The rivat of the United States, the USSR, despite its massive propaganda, does not fare well abroad because of its aggressive policies in Afghanistan and Poland, to say the least. U.S. policies regarding the. six coun­ tries under discussion vary from country to country. U.S. relations with Yugoslavia are quite satisfactory, especially because it does not belong to the Warsaw Pact bloc, and the post-Tito "collective leadership" is trying to avoid taking part in the East-West conflict, but it does play a leading role among Third World countries. Bulgaria's stock in U.S. policies was almost down to a "zero" rating due to mounting evidence of Bulgaria's in­ volvement in the plot to assassinate the pope. On that score, the U.S. govern­ ment is cooperating fully with Italian authorities. The speaker flatly denied allegations to the effect that the CIA tried to cover up alleged links between the KGB and Bulgarian officials now

(Continued on pap 3)

to aid Polovchak

NEWARK, N.J. - "At the age of 12, Walter Polovchak chose freedom in the United States rather than a life in the USSR, where the rights of citizens are in total subjugation to the state." This is an excerpt from a letter sent by Edward A. Zetick, commander of the Ukrainian American Veterans, to all members of the U.S. House of Representatives.

The letter further explained that when Walter's parents returned to the Soviet Union, he chrse not to go with them and was granted political asylum in the United States. Over the past several years his case gained worldwide attention when his parents challenged the decision of the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service and tried to force young Walter, through court action, to return to Ukraine.

"At present his case is pending in the State of Illinois and there is a danger of court-ordered deportation." stated Zetick.

As the

legal

battle rages

on

in the

Illinois courts, the Ukrainian American Veterans (UAV) and Americans for Human Rights in Ukraine (AHRU) have launched a double-pronged cam­ paign to involve members of Congress from all the states, urging them to become co-sponsors of H.R. 25, intro­ duced by Rep. Frank Annunzio of Illinois. The purpose of this bill is to amend the Immigration and Nationality Act in order to clarify the status of any indivi­ dual granted political asylum. Upon enactment, this amendment will protect persons who have been granted political asylum and would prevent them from being deported from the United States, thus superceding the decision of state courts or state laws. Specifically, it would clarify the

(Continued on ptfe 3)

2

g

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

SUNDAY. MARCH 27. 1983

No.

13

Dissident profile

Mylchailo Lutsyk:

imprisoned for 31 years

` JERSEY CITY. N.J. - it is diffi-

cult to believe that one man could be persecuted by three governments

over a span of 20 years for one

poem.

But this is what happened to Ukrai- nian poet Mykhailo Lutsyk. His poem, "My Native Land" ("Krayu miy ridnyi"), written while he was a student, landed him in prison during the Polish and Soviet occupations of western Ukraine and in Nazi Ger- many. Of course, it wasn't the sole basis of his persecution. In all, the

poet, now 62 years old and living in

Skole, a town 20 miles south

of

Drohobych, has spent nearly 31 years in prisons, psychiatric hospitals and exile for nationalist activities. Mykhailo Petrovych Lutsyk was born on December 21, 1921, in the village of Volosianka in the Lviv oblast, western Ukraine. He was educated mostly at home, and in 1938 became a day student at the Stryi gymnasium, where he was permitted to write exams without having to attend lectures. That same year, he was twice arrested by Polish authorities for his poetry and political activism. He was held in various prisons and jails. After his release, he studied at the history-geography faculty at Lviv University. When Poland was partitioned following the-German-Soviet inva- ` eion -`Hb-W39r'mosvtff '-western" 4K` kraine was annexed by the Soviet `Union.'tfhd' in' 1940 Mh"Lutsyk fled to German-occupied territory. But in the fall that year he was arrested by the Gestapo for his writings and for his activities with the Ukrainian emigre community. He was put on death row in a Cracow prison,' but managed to escape with the help of Ukrainian emigres. How- ever, he was soon recaptured during a Gestapo raid and sent to Berlin as a forced laborer. Again he managed to escape, this time eluding police under an assum- ed name. With the help of Ukrainian emigres he began studying at the Ukrainian Institute in Berlin. j In the spring of 1943, avoiding the Gestapo and armed with forged documents, he illegally returned to western Ukraine. In July, he led a partisan group raid on a German penal camp near Skole,' freeing 350 men. In August, he was wounded in the left hand during another skirmish with German occupation forces.

With the advance of Soviet forces into the area on October 24, 1944, Mr. Lutsyk was arrested by the Soviet secret police and brought before a military tribunal in Stani- slav, now Ivano-Frankivske. He was sentenced to IS years' imprisonment

under provisions of Article 54 of the old Ukrainian Criminal Code, "counterrevolutionary crimes." He was held in several labor camps in the penal system before being amnestied and released in 1957. His freedom was not to last long, however. On December 19, 1958, Mr. Lutsyk was arrested in the village of Stryi, near Skole. A court in Drohobych sentenced him to a total of eight years' imprisonment and five years' internal exile, again under provisions of Article 54. He was ordered to serve three years in a prison and five in a labor camp. One of the pieces of evidence presented by the prosecution was the poem, "My Native Land." During his imprisonment, Mr. Lutsyk was brought before a court for his participation in a prisoner self-defense organization. The in- vestigation was conducted by the KGB in Kiev. This time, he was charged under Article 56, "treason of the motherland," and sentenced to another 15-year term. He was jailed in the notorious Vladimir Prison in Moscow until 1962, at which time he was transferred to a labor camp in Mordovia. In 1967, Mr. Lutsyk was sent back to Vladimir Prison for three years after authorities confiscated hand- written manuscripts. - - OR-NdVemfcer-f8; T972;W-tutsyY- was released from, ^„Mordovian, labor camp. Barred from' living in Ukraine, he settled in Moldavia. But he declined to accept an internal passport, renounced his Soviet citizenship and asked permission to - emigrate to Austria.

Less than a year later, on July 31, 1973, he was arrested and sent to Kishinev, the capital of the Molda- vian SSR, for examination by a psychiatric commission. Declared insane, he was sent to the special psychiatric hospital in Dnipro- petrovske, one of the country's most notorious. He remained there until May 27, 1978, when he was trans- ferred to the Serbsky Institute for Forensic Psychiatry in Moscow. He spent two months there before being declared mentally competent.

After his release, he was turned over to Moldavian authorities, who continued an investigation, pro- bably to determine if Mr. Lutsyk was in violation of the "parasitism" law, which requires Soviet citizens to prove gainful employment. Possibly because the maximum penalty for a first offender was one year's impri- sonment, the investigation was dropped and Mr. Lutsyk returned to Ukraine.

U.S. supports Baltic independence

NEW YORK - The United States has repeatedly reiterated its support of the right to self-determination of the Baltic states - Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania - at recent sessions of U.N. organizations, according to BATUN, a Bronx-based Baltic group. The three countries were forcibly incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1940 as a result of the Molotov-Ribben- trop Pact signed between the Soviet Union^nd'-Nazi Gerrriaify. The`Uhireh`'

States, however, has never formally recognized the Soviet annexation of the Baltics. - Speaking on behalf of the U.S. delegation to the U.N. Human Rights Commission session.in Geneva on February 4, Richard Shifter noted.that despite four decades of Soviet repres- sion, the Baltic peoples' "indomitable will to assert their national identity shined through the heav^, censorship,"

(Continued on page 16)

Port construction project in Estonia seen as tool of Russification

TALLINN, Estonia — The construc- tion of a new commercial harbor here in the Estonian capital, a major Baltic seaport, has led to charges by 13 human-rights activists that the project is the latest step in Soviet attempts to undermine the Estonian culture. According to the Estonian American National Council, the 13 made their accusations in an open letter written late last year to the people of Finland, whose government is working jointly with the Soviets on the project. Tallinn lies directly across the narrow Gulf of Finland from Helsinki, the Finnish capital. The signers of the letter contend that the harbor construction has brought between 150,000 and 200,000 non- Estonians into the capital. They said that as of 1979, 49 percent of Tallinn's 441,000 people were non-Estonians. In 1934, over 85 percent were Estonians. The letter appealed to the Finns "to be aware of all aspects of the conse- quences of their contractual tasks." It

noted that by the time the new commer- cial harbor is fully operational, Tallinn's Estonian population will have dropped to 35 percent.

The pressures of Russification in the Baltic republics, particularly in Estonia and neighboring Latvia, have been intensifying in recent years. As of four years ago, Estonians constituted only 64 percent out of a total population of 1,465,800, a decline of nearly 30 percent in 40 years. In October 1980, massive student demonstrations against the` Russian presence shook Tallinn and Tartu, the republic's second largest city. Many students were arrested, but most were subsequently released.

The three Baltic republics — Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania - were forcibly incorporated into the Soviet Union in

  • 1940 as a result of the Hitler-Stalin non-

aggression agreement. The' United States has never formally recognized the annexation.

Andropov faces opposition

JERSEY CITY, N.J. -Sinceassum- ing the Soviet leadership over three months ago, Communist Party boss Yuri Andropov has been unable to consolidate his power and continues to encounter stiff opposition from the faction led by Konstantin Chernenko, Leonid Brezhnev's hand-picked successor. A clear indication of the continuing power struggle is Mr. Andropov's failure to acquire his predecessor's

second

key post — head of state -

which remains vacant. In addition, aside from some minor reshuffling in the lower and middle levels of the Soviet bureacracy, Mr. Andropov has been unable to remove Mr. Brezhnev's allies from several key positions. The main stumbling block appears to be the Chernenko forces, which have regrouped since Mr. Andropov's quick ascension to Communist Party leader shortly after Mr. Brezhnev's death. Asa result, the Soviet press has made a lot of the Politburo's regular meetings, indi- cating the new regime's support of the principle, at least, of collective leader- ship. But, according to Myron Rush, a professor of government at Cornell University, the current leadership battle may also signal a continued shift in the balance of forces between the esta- blished party apparatus on one side and the army and the KGB (Mr. Andro-

pov's former realm) on the other. Writing in the February 15 issue of the Los Angeles Times, Prof. Rush attributes the current crisis partly to Mr. Brezhnev's unwillingness to strengthen the party secretariat because he feared that such a move would undermine his own power. As a result, the weakened political structure was unable to pre- vent Mr. Andropov from leaving the KGB and entering the secretariat. "By failing to protect itself from the intrusion of outside forces, the party apparatus displayed a vulnerability that makes one question whether it is still the decisive factor in Soviet politics," wrote Prof. Rush.

Yet, Mr. Chernenko's continued in- fluence seems to indicate that the situation remains fluid. But Prof. Rush argues that if Mr. Andropov succeeds in gaining firm control of the party and state, he "may end up ruling over a power structure in which the armed forces and the political police (at least initially) will have substantially more political weight - and the party ap- paratus less - than in past decades."

In the meantime. Prof. Rush suggests that the United States "concentrate on strengthening itself and its allies, while being especially alert to the opportuni- ties and dangers arising from the un- stable leadership in Moscow."

ramian Weelcl V

FOUNDED 1933

Ukrainian weekly newspaper published by the Ukrainian National Association Inc., a fraternal non profit association, at 30`Wontgomery St. Jersey City, NJ. 07302

.. Also published by the UNA: Svoboda, a Ukrainian-language daily newspaper.

(Th

e Ukrainian Weekly-USPS 570-870)

The Weekly and Svoboda:

(201) 434-0237, 434-0807

(212)227-4125

Yearly subscription rate: S8, UNA members -

J5.

UNA:

(201)451-2200

(212) 227-5250

Postmaster, send address changes to:

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY P 0 Bon 346 Jersey City. NJ: 07303 `

"-fi"

w `

-

-:

a

--

Editor. Roma Sochan Hadzawycx Associate editor George Bohdan Zerycky Assistant editor Marto Kotomeyets

No.

13

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

SUNDAY, MARCH 27, 1983

3

Kampelman salutes women political prisoners

MADRID - Max Kampelman, head of the U.S. delegation to the 35- country conference to review the 1975 Helsinki Accords, said in a statement delivered on March 8, International Women's Day, that his government salutes all Soviet women imprisoned for their work on behalf of human rights. He noted that out of 51 imprisoned members of the Helsinki groups, set up by Soviet citizens to monitor their country's compliance with the Helsinki agreement, seven were women. Among the women cited by Mr. Kampelman were three members of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group - Oksana Meshko, Oksana Popovych and Olha Heyko. Ms. Meshko, 78, is currently in internal exile, while Ms. Popo`vych is in the seventh year of an eight-year labor camp term. Ms. Heyko, 29, the wife of group member Mykola Matusevych, was scheduled to be released this month after having completed a three-year labor-camp term. lryna Senyk, 57, another imprisoned member of the Ukrainian group, was not mentioned by Mr. Kampelman. However, he did cite the imprisonment of Raisa Rudenko, the wife of Ukrai-

nian Helsinki Group co-founder My- kola Rudenko. She is currently in the second year of a 10-year labor-camp sentence. Non-Ukrainians enumerated by Mr. Kampelman were Tatiana Velikanova, who was sentenced in 1980 to nine years in a labor camp, Irina Grivnina, a member of the unofficial Working Commission to Investigate the Use of Psychiatry for Political Purposes, currently serving a five-year exile term, and Tatiana Osipova, a member of the disbanded Moscow Helsinki Group who is reported to be in the third month of a hunger strike. Mr. Kampelman also raised the cases of two women poets who have been persecuted by the state. The first, Hanna Sultan-Tekilova, a poet from Turkmenistan, has been in a psychiatric hospital for 10 years, said Mr. Kampel- man, while lryna Ratushynska, a U- krainian-born writer of Polish descent, was recently sentenced to seven years in a labor camp and five years' internal exile. He also noted the re-arrest of Baptist activist lryna Vilchynska, 24, who was taken into custody last October.

Toronto parish aids Ukrainian refugees

by Daria Darewych

TORONTO - The Ukrainian Ca- tholic Parish of the Holy Eucharist on Broadview Avenue in Toronto has donated S9.000 to the Canadian Ukrai- nian Immigrant Aid Society for Ukrai- nian immigrants from Poland. This money has been earmarked for the Ukrainian families whose members had been interned during the state of martial law in Poland. The church committee contributed the sum of S5.000, and 54,000 was donated by families of the parish. Furthermore the church committee has pledged to match every contribution of parishioners, dollar for dollar, when parishioners' contributions go over the 55,000 mark. The Canadian government has agreed to accept for immigration to Canada families whose members were interned or persecuted, directly from Poland if such families can come up with spon- sors in Canada. In view of this and the fact that presently about 10 Ukrainian

families in Poland are being forced to leave the country, the president of the Canadian Ukrainian Immigrant Aid Society, Bohdan Mykytiuk, has signed the sponsorship documents for five families. Others are being kept waiting due to a lack of adequate funds.

The Canadian Ukrainian Immigrant Aid Society has appealed through newspapers to all Ukrainians of good faith to help the families of interned Ukrainians in Poland to emigrate to Canada. Generous donations like the one made by the Church of the Holy Eucharist are already helping the first family that arrived at the beginning of February get established in Canada.

The Ukrainian Catholic Church of Transfiguration in Kitchener, Ont., under the leadership of the Rev. Czyz

has also set a wonderful example by- looking after five Ukrainian families from Poland. The youth organizations

Plast and

SUM, have looked after a

large number of students and young people.

State Department ...

(Continued from page 1)

implicated in the assassination plot. The American attitude toward Ru- mania has cooled in the last weeks because of the so-called "educational tax," which the Rumanian government is imposing on those citizens who want to emigrate. One of the sharpest re- actions of Washington was the with- drawal from Rumania of the "most- favored-nation" clause, resulting in higher tariffs for Rumanian imports into the United States. Relations with Hungary are warm due to the fact that, of all satellite countries, it has the least violations of human-rights and oppression in general. Hungary does enjoy "most-favored- nation" status with the United States. As for Czechoslovakia, its rating in Washington is very poor due to its oppressive policies toward dissidents. Poland enjoys a special interest in Washington due to the fact that there is a large Polish American community and because of traditional sympathy held for Poland since 1918. Yet, the

government of Gen. Wojciech Jaruzel` ski is continuing its anti-American policies, including curtailing of "cultural exchanges" and the expulsion of an American woman correspondent, which puts any improvement in relations between Washington and Warsaw in suspension.

A Polish correspondent, asking about a statement made by a West German official regarding the reunification of both Germanys, was curious as to whether Poland "would also be entitled" to "eastern territories." Before being rebutted by another Polish editor saying that "these eastern territories" were the causes of Poland's partitions in the past, the American official denied any knowledge of the aforementioned statement.

Attending the seminar were represen- tatives of the Armenian, Byelorussian, Czech, Lithuanian, Polish, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian and Ukrainian news- papers. The Ukrainian press was repre- sented by Mstyslav Dolnycky (Phila- delphia), Ivan Smoley (Scranton, Pa.) and Dr. Walter Dushnyck (New York).

WCFU presidium

meets in

NX,

discusses upcoming congress,

by-laws

NEW YORK -The Presidium of the Secretariat of the World Congress of Free Ukrainians met here at the Ukrai- nian Institute of America on Saturday, March 12, to discuss various topics, among them the upcoming fourth Congress of the WCFU and observances of the millennium of Christianity in Ukraine. Sixteen members of the presidium attended the meeting, including Metro- politan Maxim Hermaniuk of Canada and Metropolitan Stephen Sulyk of the United States and Sen. Paul Yuzyk, who heads the auditing committee. Representatives of the executive boards of the Ukrainian Congress Committee of America and the Ukrainian Cana- dian Committee were also at the meet- ing, which was chaired by WCFU president Ivan Bazarko. At the meeting, the date of the WCFU congress was confirmed; it will take place in Toronto on December 1-4. A two-branch congress preparatory committee was formed: the organiza- tional subcommittee is composed of presidium members from Canada, and the program subcommittee is made up of American members. A program outline will be submitted for approval at the plenary session of the WCFU Secretariat scheduled for April 23 in Toronto. The next item on the agenda was Mr. Bazarko's report on WCFU activities. Dr. F. Martynuk and V. Kyryliuk presented a financial report, and con- firmed that the WCFU followed through on the 1982 proposed budget, ending

the year with a balance of 54,210.16. They said that members of the United States met all their budget payments and Canadian members surpassed their obligatory payments, thus levelling off the debts from members in other coun- tries, such as those in South America which had difficulty making the pay- ments. Sen. Yuzyk read the summary of activities conducted by the WCFU Human Rights Commission and said that he has received positive feedback from both American and Canadian politicians as to the work of the com- mission. He also reported that the WCFU has a representative at the Madrid Conference to review imple- mentation of the Helsinki Accords. The members of the meeting also examined several by-laws matters which were subject to various interpretations at earlier meetings and decided to propose that the Presidium be expand- ed to include four more members, two from the United States and two from Canada. This recommendation will be pre- sented at the next plenary session. All business at the meeting was conducted after the representatives of the UCCA withdrew their demand to exclude UNA President John O. Flis and Bohdan Hnatiuk from the WCFU Presidium as delegates of the UCCA. These two members were elected at the third WCFU congress and remain full- fledged members of the presidium. The two metropolitans of the Ukrai-

(Continued on page 11)

Ukrainian groups ...

(Continued from page 1)

status of Walter Polovchak, making all present court proceedings moot, since the amendment would provide the following: "Notwithstanding the laws of any state or any judicial decree of any court of any state but subject to section 241, no person who has been granted asylum under this section may be involuntarily removed from the United States." Earlier this month;, Americans for Human Rights in Ukraine decided to get involved in Polovchak`s case after consultation with one of his attorneys, Julian E. Kulas. At great personal and financial sacrifice, Mr. Kulas has handled Polovchak`s case from its very inception. An AHRU spokesman ob- served that it seemed natural for Mr. Kulas (an officer in the U.S. Army Reserves), Americans for Human Rights in Ukraine (the majority of its trustees are members of the UA V), and

the executive board of the U AV to get

together on this issue of freedom of choice and the personal rights of indivi- duals in the United States. In its letter to all congressmen urging co-sponsorship of H.R. 25, AHRU pointed out that one cannot use the same yardstick in measuring conditions in the United States versus the USSR. AHRU thus differed with the stance maintained by the American Civil Liberties Union. The point made by AHRU was that the dictates of the Soviet state overshadow the rights of the family or individual. When parents attempt to provide religious education for their children, the Soviet govern- ment does not hesitate to separate them from their parents. The Soviet police state encourages children to act as informers on their parents to Soviet authorities. AHRU also noted that the Soviet

Union punishes children as adults for so-called political crimes, as evidenced in the case of Yuriy Shukhevych who has been detained in Soviet prisons for the past three decades since the age of 15 for alleged crimes committed by his father, a leader of Ukrainian armed resistance against both Nazi and Com- munist regimes during and after World War II. These congressional appeals by the UAV and AHRU coincide with the timely cover story about Walter Polov- chak, "The Littlest Defector," by Lud- milla Thorne of Freedom House, that was published in the March 18 issue of The National Review. Emphasizing the urgency of acting on Walter's status was Rep. Philip Crane of Illinois, who suggested to AHRU on March 16 to have as many people as possible write to their congressmen in support of H.R. 25 to help young Walter. He further stated: "I agree that it would be a travesty of justice if the Illinois Supreme Court deports Walter Polovchak, against his will, to the Soviet Union. There is no telling what fate would await him there." AHRU has called upon members of the Ukrainian American community to write individual letters to their con- gressmen with a request to support the passage of H.R. 25. They also express- ed the belief that if Walter is forced to go back to the USSR he most certainly will bring the wrath of the Soviet govern- ment down upon himself for causing this embarrassment to it. An AHRU spokesman stated that it is far easier to try to keep Walter Polovchak in freedom in the United States - the country of his choice - than work, for his release from Soviet prisons in the event of his deportation. Persons wishing to obtain additional information may contact: American' for Human Rights in Ukraine, 43 Midland Place, Newark, N.J. 07106.

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

SUNDAY, MARCH 27, 1983

UNA auditors begin annual review

Fraternally yours

by Ma'rta Korduba

UNA fraternal activities coordinator

No.

13

Re: Ukrainian siummer programs

This is the first of a three-part series dealing with Ukrainian summer pro­ grams. Part II will examine the signifi­ cance of Ukrainian summer programs if you live outside the mainstream 'of the Ukrainian community; part III will

focus

on the UNA's summer youth pro­

gram at Soyuzivka.

The UNA'S Supreme Auditing Committee, seen above at a recent Supreme Assembly meeting: (from left) the Rt. Rev. Protopresbyter Stephen Bilak, Nestor Olesnycky, John Hewryk, Dr. Bohdan Hnatiuk and Anatole Doroshenko.

JERSEY CITY, N.J. - The UNA Supreme Auditing Committee began its annual review of UNA, Svoboda Press and Soyuzivka operations on Monday, March 21. The review, which is taking place before the annual session of the Su­ preme Assembly, is being conducted by the supreme auditors elected at the 30th Convention of the Ukrainian National

Association: Nesjor Olesnycky of Maplewood, N.J., Anatole Doroshenko of Cedarburg, Wise, John Hewryk of Winnipeg, Dr. Bohdan Hnatiuk of Philadelphia and the Rt. Rev. Proto­ presbyter Stephen Bilak. The auditors will report their findings to the Supreme Assembly, and their general conclusions will be reported in UNA publications.

Metropolitan Mstyslav confers with UNA execs

JERSEY CITY, N.J. -

Metropoli­

tan Mstyslav of the Ukrainian Ortho­ dox Church of the U.S.A. visited the UNA main office here on Monday, March 7, in order to meet with the association's supreme officers. Metropolitan Mstyslav, who under­ stands well the importance of publish­ ing activity, informed the executives about the release of a new book, "Re­ flections at the Twilight of Life" by the late Levko Lukasevych, by the .St. Sophia Ukrainian Orthodox Publishers. The hierarch presented copies of the

book to the UNA officers.

He spoke also about forthcoming publications, as well as about Ukrai­ nian community matters, including preparations for observances of the solemn 50th anniversary of the Great Famine in Ukraine and the sixth Sobor of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Ortho­ dox Church, which is slated for May in England.

The metropolitan was accompanied by his assistant, the Rev. Protodeacon Yurij Halycia.

Philadelphia district visits main office

JERSEY CITY, N.J. - Some 110 persons visited the UNA'S main office here on Saturday, March 5, as part of a field trip organized by the executive of the Philadelphia UNA District Com­ mittee. Two chartered buses and several private cars brought the UNA'ers to the , modern, 15-story office building, where they toured UNA executive offices as well as the editorial offices of The Weekly and Svoboda, and the printing facilities. The excursion was organized by

Petro Tarnawsky, chairman of the Philadelphia District Committee, and Ivan Dankiwskyj, district treasurer. Although most of the guests were from the Philadelphia area, there were also UNA'ers from Chester and Bristol, Pa., as well as Trenton, N.J., which is- included in-the Philadelphia district. The three-hour tour was conducted by UNA executives Walter Sochan, supreme secretary, Ulana Diachuk, supreme treasurer, and Stefan Hawrysz, supreme organizer. UNA Supreme

(Continued on page II)

Earlier this month, I attended the SUSK Ukrainian Canadian Students Union (SUSK) conference in Van­ couver, where the guest speakers grap­ pled with issues such as biculturalism, leadership and motivation development. Each speaker (this writer included) underscored a debilitating problem among youth in the Ukrainian commu­ nity, namely, the lack of purpose and definition precipitated by an increasingr ly ambiguous perception of who we are as Ukrainians and just why it is that we should continue to cling to Ukrainian organizations and activities. Unfortunately, the aimlessness 1 sensed among participants of the four- day conference seems to be a recurring affliction in many segments of ithe Ukrainian community. Few have arti­ culated the root of the problem as clearly as did guest speaker Roman Onufrijchuk, bespectacled and bearded Ukrainian Canadian radio broadcaster, whose spirited candor and booming voice commanded everyone's attention. "We (Ukrainian Canadians and Ame­ ricans) go through form, without aware­ ness of the content," he said. "That is (o say, our culture, rites and traditions are trivialized to the point of becoming banal, because we either simplify, forget or are unaware of the meaning behind them." He cited examples of ttie cele­ bration of Ukrainian national holidays, the significance of which is often glossed over and rarely related to our present- day situation. This provoked my recollection of aij incident which took place several years ago. I was participating in the planning of an event in commemoration of Ukrainian Independence Day, January 22, and I asked one of the foremost enthusiasts of the event why he felt thd event was important. He responded that it came at a very opportune time in his; social calendar — right after the New! Year's celebration and before Valen- ; tine's Day. The historic implications a(` the event were not even peripheral; in і

this case, they were non-existent. While this may bean extreme example, it nevertheless illustrates a growing tendency to trivialize and unwittingly debase our history and culture. "The more we simplify our culture, the more boring it becomes," said Mr. Onufrij­ chuk. Pysanky, the hopak and varenyky are boring and banal, if we presume that they are the substance of our ethnic identity. He. stated that many find themselves going through the motions (form) of having Easter basket - blessed, attend­ ing Shevchenko concerts, etc., more out of habit or blind obligation, rather than a cognizance of the whys and where­ fores (content). Consequently, many join Ukrainian organizations and as­ sume leadership positions without ever clearly determining why it is that they're involved, and more basically, not having acquired a deeper understanding of their Ukrainian identity.

If such is the case, it is not surprising that youth participation and member­ ship in Ukrainian organizations are on the decline. Recapturing the meaning of our customs, rites and celebrations, and cultivating an understanding of the dates, events and individuals we me­ morialize as a community, will un­ doubtedly lead to a more sincere and active participation in our organiza­ tions. The Ukrainian educational network

  • - including everything from the "Ridna Shkola" kindergarten to accredited

university courses - plays a significant role in decoding the less tangible aspects of our Ukrainian identity. Summer programs (camps, work­ shops and courses) are an integral part of the educational network whose benefits are frequently underestimated. Although Ukrainian summer prpgrams impart a limited amount of informa­ tion, due to the obvious time constraints, they sensitize youth to the depth and scope of their cultural heritage, whether it is through a bandura workshop or through a course in modern Ukrainian history. Fortunately, the Ukrainian National Association and numerous other or­ ganizations have provided the capital and human resources to operate high- quality summer programs at a com-

(Continued on page 12)

UNA'ers of the Philadelphia district are seen above in front of the Soyuz building in Jersey City.

No.

13

;

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

SUNDAY, MARCH 27,1983

-

5

MEDIA ACTION COALITION

Post Office Box 134 Whippany, New Jersey 07981

ACTION ITEMS

The Great Famine

The horror of millions of people dying in 1932-33 might have been prevented by the public outcry of people throughout the world. Unfor­ tunately, it was then politically more convenient to pretend that the tragedy did not exist. It still is more con­ venient to pretend that it never occurred. We must not let this happen. Last week The Ukrainian Weekly dedicated its entire issue to this terrible tragedy and thus provided us with the necessary details so that we can inform our fellow Americans about the Great Famine.

RECOMMENDED ACTION:

  • 1. Please write to the letters editor

of your local, regional and national newspapers or national news maga­ zines and tell them of this terrible tragedy. Remind them that when on January 30, 1933, millions of Ukrai­ nians were dying a torturous and prolonged death of starvation, the world chose to remain silent and indifferent. On that same day - Hitler ascended to power.

  • 2. Call or write your federal legis­

lators - they have received copies of The Ukrainian Weekly - and urge them to comment on the anniversary of this tragedy on the floor of the Congress or as extensions of remarks in the Congressional Record.

  • 3. Write to the columnists featured

in your newspaper and ask them to comment about this famine in their columns. If possible, include a copy of The Ukrainian Weekly as reference material. Addresses of the columnists may be obtained from the reference desk of your library. You can also write to them in care of the news­ paper, and your letter will be for­ warded to the appropriate address.

  • 4. Write to the editorial page editor

of your newspaper and ask him to comment in editorials about this anniversary. If possible, include a copy of The Ukrainian Weekly as reference material. Additional copies of this special issue of The Ukrainian Weekly may be obtained directly from the publishers.

5. If successful

in any

one of

the

above, remember to send a note of thanks.

Resolution on textbooks

On February 14, Assembly Con­ current Resolution No. 3007 was introduced in the New Jersey State Assembly. An identical resolution, also No. 3007, was introduced on February 24 in the New Jersey State Senate. The full text follows.

Assembly Concurrent Resolution

No.

ЩІ

Whereas, Many history and geo­ graphy textbooks in use in elemen­ tary and high school curricula in school districts throughout the state misrepresent facts concerning cap­ tive nations in the Soviet Union; and Whereas, These misrepresenta­ tions are particularly disturbing to the various ethnic communities which are arbitrarily associated with their oppressors; and Whereas, The term "Russia" refers only to one of the 15 republics that constitute the Soviet Union and therefore cannot factually be used interchangeably with the latter term; and Whereas, The inaccuracies con­ tained in elementary and high school textbooks have become ingrained in the minds of the students who have graduated from these institutions thus fostering the spread of these

damaging misrepresentations parti­ cularly in academe and the media and will continue to do so unless corrected; and Whereas, The teaching of these inaccuracies by public schools con­ stitutes a violation of the civil rights of all Americans descended from the affected captive nations; and -. Whereas, In its annual resolution commemorating the anniversary of

the independence of the Ukrainian people this House has repeatedly requested the State Department of Education to review the incidence of misrepresentation about Ukraine and other captive nations; now, therefore.

Be it resolved by the General Assembly of the State of New Jersey (the Senate concurring):

  • 1. The Legislature requests the

State Department of Education to review and study the incidence of misrepresentation in elementary and secondary school textbooks concern­ ing Ukraine and other captive na­ tions.

-

  • 2. The commissioner of the De­

partment of Education report the results of the department's study to the Senate and General Assembly Committees on Education and the Governor's Ethnic Advisory Council.

  • 3. The commissioner intervene

with school districts in the state to

correct the inaccuracies.

  • 4. A duly authenticated copy of

this concurrent resolution, signed by the president of the Senate and the speaker of the General Assembly,and attested to by the secretary of the Senate and the clerk of the General Assembly shall be transmitted to the commissioner of the Department of Education.

STATEMENT

77ii,r concurrent resolution re­ quests the State Department of Education to study the incidence of misrepresentation concerning captive nations in the Soviet Union in text­ books used in elementary and secon­ dary schools. It also calls for a report of the department's findings by the commissioner of education to the Senate and General Assembly Com­ mittees on Education and the Gover­

/4 concurrent resolution request­ ing the State Department of Educa­ tion to review and report to the Legislature on inaccuracies concern­ ing captive nations in the Soviet Union contained in elementary and high school textbooks.

nor's Ethnic Advisory Council.

RECOMMENDED ACTION:

Irrespective of the state in which

you live, please write to the sponsor­ ing legislators and to your local newspaper and thank them for their unusual act of concern. It would be most effective if children of our Ukrainian schools would write collective thank-you notes. If you live in a state other than New Jersey, write to your legislators and ask them to please introduce similar resolutions. Also, encourage your community leaders to join in this action.

WRITE TO:

Senators:

John P. Caufield, 1086 Orange Ave., Newark, N.J. 07106. Joseph Hirkala, 33 Temple Place, Passaic, N.J. 07055. Laurence S. Weiss, P.O. Box 229, Perth Amboy, N.J. 08862.

Donald T. DiFrancesco, 1906

Westfield Ave., Scotch Plains, N.J.

07076.

Walter

E. Foran,

135 Main

St.,

Flemington, N.J. 08822. Edward T. O'Connor Jr., 1761 Kennedy Blvd., Jersey City, N.J.

07305.

Assemblywoman:

 

Mildred Barry Garvin, P.O. Box

1127,

East Orange, N.J. 07019.

 

Assemblymen:

 

Raymond Lesniak, 60 Prince St., Elizabeth, N.J. 07208. Thomas J. Deverin, 28 Cypress St., Carteret, N.J. 07008.

George J. Otlowski, 511 New

Brunswick Ave., Perth Amboy, N.J.

08861.

William E. Flynn, 183 Highway 35, Cliffwood, N.J. 07721. Dean A. Gallo, 146 Parsippany Road, Parsippany, N.J. 07054. William Bishop, Rockaway Town- square Mall, Rockaway, N.J. 07866.

Arthur R. Albohn, 264 South St.,

Morristown, N.J. 07960. Robert E. Littell, P.O. Box Д77, Franklin, N.J. 07416. Garabed "Chuck" Haytaian, 106 Grand Ave., Hackettstown, N.J.

07804.

Richard A. Zimmer, 70 Main St., Flemington, N.J. 08822.

Walter J. Kavanaugh, 16 N. Bridge St., Somerville, N.J. 08876. Elliot F. Smith, 112 Amwell Road, Belle Mead, N.J. 08502. Joseph D. Patero, P.O. Box 747, Manwille, N.J. 08835. Richard Van Wagner, 24 Leonard - ville Road, New Monmouth, N.J.

07748.

Richard F. Visotcky, 104 Midland Ave., Garfield, N.J. 07026. Robert C. Janiszewski, 99 Mont­ gomery St., Jersey City, N.J. 07302. Joseph V. Doria Jr., 235 Broad­ way, Bayonne, N.J. 07002.

The proper form of address is:

The Honorable NAME The General Assembly of the State of New Jersey ADDRESS

Dear Mr. or Mrs. LAST NAME The Honorable NAME The Senate of the State of New Jersey ADDRESS Dear Senator LAST NAME

P.S.: It is without question that Victor Lapychak, legislative aide to Sen. Caufield, is the one individual who'is personally and singularly" responsible for the above resolution being formulated and introduced.

We believe that such an example of

dedication to the cause of Ukraine sets a standard for others in the field to follow. For this, we and the Ukrainian community owe Victor an expression of gratitude. — The MAC.

UNA president thanks ethnic leaders

JERSEY CITY, N.J. - UNA Su­ preme President John O. Flis has

responded to the letters of ethnic and

community leaders who pledged support and extended sympathy on the occasion

of the 50th anniversary of the tragic

Great Famine of 1932-33 in Ukraine.

He also thanked U.S. Sen. Charles Percy, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, and Illinois Gov. James R. Thompson for their state­ ments of concern. The letters of these leaders and public officials were published last week in The Weekly's' special issue on the Great Famine. In his letter to Aloysius Mazewski, president of the Polish National Alliance, Mr. Flis wrote the following:

"The Ukrainian National Associa­ tion wishes to extend its thanks and appreciation to you and to your mem­ bers for your message of solidarity with Ukrainian Americans in commemorat­ ing the 50th anniversary of the geno- cidal Great Famine suffered by our Ukrainian brethren in the years 1932-33 with the loss of over 7 million victims. "We will take the liberty of reprinting in our newspaper excerpts from your, expressions of sympathy.

"We are privileged to be able to count

you and your members as friends of the

Ukrainian people in this hour of com­

memoration of the Soviet-made tragedy

of 1932-33." Similar letters were sent to: Maynard

I. Wishner, national president of The

American Jewish Committee; Marshall L. Zissman, AJC Chicago Chapter

president; John Yonan, executive direc­

tor of the Assyrian Universal Alliance Foundation; Stanley Balzekas Jr., president of the Balzekas Museum of Lithuanian Culture; Anthony J. For- nelli, chairman of Festa Italiana; Els- beth M. Seewald, national president of the German. American National Congress; Connie Seals, former direc­ tor of the Illinois Commission on Human Relations; Edwin Cudecki, chair of the Illinois Consultation on Ethnicity in Education; Ross Harano, past governor. Midwest District Coun­ cil of the Japanese American Citizens League; Kazys Sidlauskas, national president of the Lithuanian American Council Inc.; Arthur R. Velasquez, member,' board of directors of the Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund; James.H. Lucien, executive secretary, Chicago branch of the National Association for the Ad­ vancement of Colored People; John A. Kromkowski, president of The Na­ tional Center for Urban Ethnic Affairs; Andrew A. Athens, president of the United Hellenic American Congress; and Nicholas Reisman, president of the Zionist Organization of Chicago.

6

-

;

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

SUNDAY, MARCH 27,1983

\

the Great famine

.

No.

13

Ukrainian Weel

Community commitment

The children of Ukrainian immigrants, particularly those that are first generation, often lead dual lives. On the one hand, they are products of the American educational system, and often work and socialize in the non- Ukrainian world. On the other, they enjoy the benefits of the Ukrainian community, its institutions, banks, youth organizations, churches and schools. Yet, there is a real danger that they have taken the community, built largely through the tireless efforts of their parents and grandparents, for granted. Most of these institutions exist because people gave freely of their time and money to make sure that their children would be assured a Ukrainian identity and, what's more, a Ukrainian community. They worked Sundays and weeknights - often for free. They paid the bills, maintained the buildings, taught at Saturday schools, worked at camps, chaperoned dances. But parents and grandparents are, as they must, getting older. It is time that their children help shoulder some of the burden and not assume that someone else will do all the work. Granted, it is difficult for young Ukrainians acclimated to the American way to give up their leisure time,'their weekends,their nights ou(. They cannot possess the same urgency in keeping, the community alive as did their parents or grandparents. But if a spirit of volunteerism anil responsibility is not instilled, they may wake up one day and find that all that their parents worked for will have vanished.

Whither Marxism?

This year, the centenary of Karl Marx's death, it is particularly appropriate to examine the state of his philosophical legacy, an ideology which has allowed tyrants to rule nearly 1.5 billion people around the globe. For years, his turgid economic theories, often slickly packaged in brilliant journalistic tracts, mesmerized the intellectual establishment, which doggedly refused to question, even in whispersj their dubious philosophical underpinnings. ri ' ToUay',' riitfrryVoOfig things; most notably former Marxists^ particularly'iri" France; are openly and vociferously challenging the apotheosisof their'mentor, along With the Communist systems which exist in his name. But self-abnegation has its limits. While acknowledging that the practical implementation of Marxist thought has thus far wrought only totalitarianism, they fall short of condemning the ideas themselves. In their limited apostasy, they do little more than tweak Marx's beard. Virtually without exception, they hedge at calling Marx what he was — a lightweight, mid-!9th century romantic philosopher whose recondite pronouncements on economics and social change were sadly out of date the moment he conceived them and, when applied in the modern age, have succeeded only as an excuse for seizing power. How wrong was Marx? So wrong, in fact, that even the regimes which purport to exist under his philosophic mandate, are maintained on the strength of naked power rather than the power of his ideas. History shows us how pitifully flawed Marx's thinking really was. He believed that the rapid industrialization sweeping through Europe in his time would destroy the established capitalist structure rather than strengthen it because it would lead to an inevitable, structural and irreparable rift between workers and owners. What he failed to see - and this was his colossal blunder - was the inherent adaptability of capitalism. In virtually every industrial country, the revolution he predicted did not happen. Only in the feudal Russia, a country only on the brink of industrialization, and in China, a backward and agrarian society, did Marxism take hold, and it had nothing at all to do with Marx's "march of history" but was the result of a variety of complex contingencies. In fact, it has been argued that it was Lenin who rehabilitated Marx from the slag heap of intellectual history. It was he who craftily found in Marx's badly muddled theories what seemed like conveniently apodictic elements; that is, confident certainties (slogans, really) that could be used to seize power and keep ` it in the name of industrialization and social progress. It mattered little that Marx's ideas concerned themselves with already established capitalist-industrial societies. In Marx's murky references to a proletarian state-structure, his apothegms about religion and his misguided visions of classless societies, Lenin found a license for state tyranny. The result of all this, as The Economist rightly observes, is that Marxism has become a weapon for seizing power, not for inspiring the loyalty of those governed in its name; one way of starting the process of industrialization, but not a way of running industrial societies efficiently and humanely. Marxism, then, is bankrupt. What's more, it has aged badly. Even the countries that ostensibly champion its cause and whose leaders lay wreaths before Marx's tired visage, openly realize the barrenness of this ideology. In their quest to prime moribund economies. Communist leaders talk of incentive plans, decentralization, limited private ownership and other methods of increasing productivity and efficiency, ideas that have more in common with Adam Smith than with Marx. The death of Marxism will be slow, but it is inevitable. It hangs on as a rallying call in some underdeveloped countries of Africa, Asia and Latin America, but few would argue that it is the potency of Marxist ideas rather than Soviet arms which give it its disruptive potential.

Dissident literature abounds in references to Ukrainian holocaust

JERSEY CITY, N.J. - Because the Great Famine in Ukraine in 1932- 33 was inarguably part of Stalin's campaign to eradicate the Ukrainian nation, references to it invariably appear in writings of a new genera- tion of nationally conscious Ukrai- nians, the dissidents of the 1960s and

70s.

To what extent the famine helped form their political views is pro- blematic, and, given the huge quan- tity of samvydav and dissident litera- ture, it is impossible to know for sure how many Ukrainian dissidents made specific references to the fa- mine. However, it is clear that this national tragedy, which resulted in the death of some 7 million Ukrai- nian peasants, perhaps best em- bodied the Soviet-Russian attitude toward Ukraine as an independent nation and, as such, was etched in the minds of young Ukrainian national- and human-rights activists.

Of all the dissidents and young intellectuals to come to the fore in the 1960s, perhaps no one better articu- lated the renewed aspirations of the Ukrainian nation than Vasyl Symo- nenko, a young poet who, before his untimely death at age 28 in 1963, was the spiritual leader of a group of writers and scholars that Would come to be known as the "Shestydesiat- nyky" (Sixties Group). The group, which included writers Lina Ko- stehko and Ivan Dziuba, attended dissident trials and formed the van- guard of what was to develop into a burgeoning Ukrainian dissident movement that was to reach its peak in the 1970s.

Though he was born in 1935, two years after the Great Famine, Mr. Symonenko became aware of its immense symbolic meaning to the Ukrainian nation. Several of his poems make references to the famine, particularly "Necrology for a Corn Cob Which Died at the Provisionary Store," which was blacklisted in the USSR and first appeared in the West in 1965. The poem is a thinly veiled reference to Soviet agricultural policy and the devastation that it brought in Ukraine. He also mentions the fa- mine in his diaries.

Another poet who mentioned the famine in the broader context of Soviet attempts to destroy the Ukrai- nian nation was Mykola Rudenko, a founding member in 1976 of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group who was arrested the following year and sentenced to a total of 12 years' imprisonment.

In his epic poem "Khrest" ("Cru- cifix"), Mr. Rudenko mentions hunger and mass starvation in U- kraine in an obvious allusion to the famine. Soviet novelist Alexander Sol- zhenitsyn, though a non-Ukrainian, painted a graphic picture of the Great Famine in his novel "The First Circle," depicting a wagon-driver going from house to house searching for dead bodies. The passages are the only ones in the book written in Ukrainian. References to the Great Famine also abound in issues of the clandestine Ukrainian Herald, an underground publication suppressed by authori-

ties since its inception in 1970. Issue 7-8, which appeared in the spring of 1974 and was published in the West in 1976, devoted much space to the famine. Maksym Sahay` dak's (a pseudonym) piece titled "Partial Cooperation and Astute Diplomacy," which analyzed detente from the point of view of democratic circles in Soviet Ukraine, mentioned the famine as an unmistakable example of the Soviet regime's historic re- liance on terror to stay in power.

The only other article in Issue 7-8, "Ethnocide of Ukrainians in the USSR," dealt extensively with the famine as part of the systematic destruction of the Ukrainian nation through genocide and forced Russifi` cation. Using a series of demographic tables, the article showed that forced collectivization and dekulakization wiped out some 5 to 7 million Ukrai- nian peasants and forced survivors to abandon agriculture, flee to the cities and become part of Stalin's in- dustrialization effort.

"The singular characteristic of the famine of 1932-33 was that it was not a natural disaster, but had been planned at the top in the Kremlin," the article noted. "It was, in a manner, a political famine." The article also said that the huge amounts of grain procured from Ukraine were sold on the interna- tional market to pay for Stalin's industrialization policies and feed cities outside Ukraine.

The famine was also mentioned in the first public statement issued by the Ukrainian Patriotic Movement, a recently formed dissident group. It cited the Great Famine as part of the Soviet regime's "policy of national genocide in Ukraine."

In his recently published memoirs, former dissident Gen. Petro Grigo` renko, a co-founder of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group who was exiled to the West in 1977, recalled the effects of the famine on his native village of Borisovka.

While living in Leningrad, he was summoned to his village by news of his father's illness, which he was to discover had been caused by malnu- trition. On the train trip through Ukraine, he noticed ragged bands of emaciated peasants at virtually every major station, begging for food.

Unable to believe that the mass hunger in his village was anything more than the result of administra- tive mismanagement, he wrote the Central Committee, which respond- ed by agreeing with his assessment and supplying food to Borisovka. It wasn't until 1956, wrote Gen. Grigo- renko, that he discovered "how the peasantry's resistance to collective farms had been broken with the help of a man-made famine."

There are doubtlessly other examples of the famine's relation to modern Ukrainian dissent. The scope of the tragedy, and its explicit anti- Ukrainianism, give it a central place in the history of Ukraine in this century, and make it a natural emo- tional and moral rallying point for patriotic, nationally conscious U- kramians who hope for an indepen- dent state.

No.

13

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

SUNDAY, MARCH 27, 1983

1932-34 Great Famine:

by Dr. Dana Dalrymple

)cumented view

  • 10. Clarence Manning, "Ukraine Under the Soviets."

Bookman Associates, New York, 1953, p. 101.

The article below was originally published in the scholarly journal Soviet Studies in January 1964. We serialize it here in The Weekly with the permission of the author, an agricultural economist employed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

  • 11. Whiting

Williams, "The Worker's View of

Europe," Nation's Business, December 1933, p. 20.

  • 12. Naum Jasny, "The Socialized Agriculture of the

USSR," Stanford University Press, Stanford, 1949, p.

PART II

553.

13.

Harry Lang, "Socialist Bares Soviet Horrors,"

How bad was the famine?

New York Evening Journal, April 15, 1935, p. 2.

14.

Thomas Walker, "6,000,000 Starve to Death in

In consequence of its extent, duration and intensity,

Russia," New York Evening Journal, February 18,

1935,

p. 1.

15.

Nicholas Prychodko, "Ukraine and Russia,"

Ukrainian Canadian Committee, Winnipeg, 1953, p.

15.

16.

Chamberlin, op. cit., p. 432 (estimates of foreign

the famine of 1932-34 appears to have been one of the

worst the world has ever known. Deaths from the

famine ran into millions. And to the mortality can be

added numerous stories of unbelievable suffering and

even cannibalism.

residents of Ukraine).

A. Estimates of mortality

17.

"Wide Starvation in Russia Feared," New York

Times. July

I,

1934, p. 13.

It must be admitted at the outset that it is difficult to

the famine.

73

The Soviet government not only has

18.

Otto Schiller, "Die Landwirtshaftspolitik der

Sowjets und ihre Ergebnisse, " Berlin, 1943, p. 79.

19.

Serge N. Prokopovicz, "Histoire Economique de

make a precise estimate of the number of deaths from

refused official recognition of its existence, but has not

L'URSS," Portulan, Paris, 1952, p. 66.

20.

"Says Ten Million Starved in Russia," New York

World Telegram, July 7, 1933, p. 3.

With two exceptions, however, their figures refer to

Despite general official silence, some 20 Americans

own estimates of the mortality. These range from 1 to

published any figures that might be used to calculate

mortality. It did not, for example, publish crude birth

or death rates during the famine period. 74 In fact, the only known statement on this subject by a named Russian official was the admission of Petrovsky, president of the Ukrainian Soviet Republic, that they knew millions were dying. 75

and Europeans who were in Russia during this period, or who had contact with emigres, have offered their

what we have labelled the 1933 period. While this was the most severe portion of the famine, there was unquestionably a significant number of deaths in 1934, and some in 1932. On this basis, then, the figures reported might be considered conservative for the full period.

10 million

and average S.5 million (see Table 1).

In addition to these estimates, a number of other observers reported that the famine of 1933 alone wasas

Table I: ESTIMATED FAMINE DEATHS, 1933

Estimate made

Estimated number

of deaths

  • 1. a discrepancy of 5.5 million in the Soviet population

Ralph Barnes

1,000,000 ^

bad or worse than the Russian famine in 1921 — which seems to be generally conceded as resulting in the death of about 5 million people. 76

On the other hand, the work of two demographers would suggest that the above figures may be on the

or reported by

high side. Using an indirect process (due to the

previously cited lack of vital statistics), Lorimer found

from 1927 to 1939 - a discrepancy which may have

77 How much of this

  • 2. been due to "excess mortality."
    3.

Maurice Hindus

2,000,000

t

3,000,000 ^

Walter Duranty

  • 4. may have been due to the famine, however, was

William Chamberlin

Stephen Duggan

4,000,000

"undetermined." 7 ' Eason's study of this period leads

  • 5. him to conclude that it would be difficult to show how

4,000,000

  • 6. the figure could have gone over 5 or 6 million. He
    7.

Bernard Pares

t

5,000,000

notes that

"

...

the

evidence seems to be for a somewhat

Frederick Birchall

4,000,000

  • 8. Eugene Lyons

  • 9. Archbishop of Canterbury'

5,000,000

5,000,000

t

-

lower figure if anything." 79

But whatever the exact total - and we shall

  • 10. probably never know for certain - it is clear that the

  • 11. mortality from the famine ran well intothe millions. If,

t

  • 12. on balance, a figure of 5 million is tentatively accepted,

Naum Jasny

-

  • 13. it may be seen that the number of deaths was over three
    14.

Harry Lang"

6,000,000

Thomas Walker'

6,000,000

7,000,000 ?

times as high as during the well-known Irish potato

  • 15. famine of the late 1840s. 80 And of the few famines for

Nicholas Prychodko

5,500,000

Whiting Williams

5,000,000

Clarence Manning

5,000,000

16.

William Chamberlin

7,500,000 t

(Continued on page IS)

17.

Ewald Ammende

7,500,000 t

18.

Otto Schiller

7,500,000

.

  • 73. In speaking of deaths from the famine, it is necessary

  • 19. to include more than those who died from outright hunger.

9,000,000

Serge Prokopovicz

  • 20. "The majority died of slight colds which they could not withstand in their weakened condition; of typhus, the familiar accompaniment of famine; of 'exhaustion.' to use the familiar euphemistic word in the death reports" (Chamberlin, op. cit. 1934, p. 87).

Richard Sallet

Average

10,000,000

5,500,000 -

'Includes early 1934. "Statement of'high Ukrainian Soviet official'; for Ukraine

only. 'Indicates that the figure given is an average of a

range.

  • 74. Letter from Warren Eason, Department of Econo­

mics, Princeton University, March 27, 1963; Kulischer suggests that the publication of these data ceased before the famine (op, cit., p. 96).

  • 75. Fred E. Beal, "Word From Nowhere." R. Hale,

1.

Ralph W. Barnes, "Million Feared Dead of

Hunger in South Russia," New York Herald Tribune,

August 21. 1933, p. 7.

2.

Walter Duranty, "Famine Toll Heavy in Southern

Russia," The New York Times, August 24, 1933, p. 1

(computed from figures given by Duranty).

3.

Cited by Eugene Lyons in "Assignment in

Utopia," Harcourt Brace, New York. 1937, p. 579.

4.

W.H. Chamberlin, "Soviet Taboos," Foreign

Affairs, April 1935, p. 435.

5.

Stephen P. Duggan, "Russia After Eight Years,"

Harper's Magazine, November 1934, p. 696. 6.- Frederick Birchall, "Famine in Russia Held Equal of 1921" The New York Times, August 25, 1933, p. 7.

7.- Bernard Pares, "Russia," New American Library,

New York,

1953, p. 7.

8.

Lyons, loc, cit. (estimates made by foreigners and

Russians in Moscow).

9.

"Starvation in Russia" (proceedings, House of

Lords. July 25). The Times (London), July 26, 1934, p.

7.

,

London, 1937, pp. 254-255 (published in the U.S. under the

title of "Proletarian Journey").

  • 76. In chronological order: Jones, op.cit. (March 30and

May 13); Dni (Paris; Cited in "Conflicting Stories of Soviet

Famine," The Literary Digest, April 15, 1933, p. II); Sabline, loc. cit.; Svoboda (Riga) (Cited by Walter Duranty in "Russian Emigres Push Fight on Reds," The New York

Times, August 12, 1933, p. 2); "Citizen," loc. cit.; and Bertillon, loc. cit., (August 30).

77.

Lorimer, op. cit., p.

133. In this vein, Kulischer,

suggests that mortality during the whole collectivization

period was "At least 5 million" (op. cit., pp. 97-98), while Timasheff places the figure at 8 million (Nicholas S. Timasheff, "The Great Retreat," Dutton, New York, 1946, p. 290).

  • 78. Ibid., pp. 121, 133. In one place, he "arbitrarily"

assigns one-third of this to 1932 (though it seems clear from his comments on p. 121 he meant 1933), which would suggest

a figure of 1.83 million for that one year (p. 134).

  • 79. Eason, loc. cit.

  • 80. Cecil Woodham-Smith: "Ireland's Hunger, En­

gland's Fault." The Atlantic, January

1963, p. 93; or "The

Great Hunger," Harper Л Row, New York, 1962, p. 411.

THE GREAT FAMINE

This year marks the 50th anniversary of one of history `s most horrifying cases of genocide the Soviet-made Great Famine of 1932-33. in which

some 7 million Ukrainians perished. Relying on news from Svoboda and. later.

The Ukrainian Weekly (which began publica­

tion in October 1933), this column hopes to remind and inform Americans and Canadians of

this terrible crime against humanity. By bringing other events worldwide into the

picture as well, the column hopes to give a

perspective on the slate of the world in the years

of Ukraine's Great Famine.

PART VI

July 1932

By July 1932, reports about the tragic situation in Soviet-occupied Ukraine were seen on the pages of Svoboda on a more frequent basis. On July 11, 1932, a person named I. Sulyma" wrote an article about the "breadbasket of Europe," titled "Famine in Soviet Ukraine."The author wrote about the history of famines on Ukrainian lands. He included the famine of 1651-53 under Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky and the famine in western Ukraine in 1847. In the year 1932, he wrote, famine was first observed in the regions of the Carpathian Mountains. This, according to the author, was caused by a drought. In eastern Ukraine, however, the famine , began with the Russian occupation, he said. The;

. situation in. 1921-22 .was also jcatastRQphic b the author noted. He quoted from a boo ^ published in New York in 1927, in which Prof. H. Fisher wrote: "The Soviets did not allow Americans or, more specifically, the American Relief Administration, to send food parcels or help the people in Ukraine." Mr. Sulyma wrote: "It has been 10 years since the famine of 1922. And once again tragic news comes from Ukraine. Although the Soviet government reports that 1931 produced a good harvest, famine still rules in Ukraine." The author noted that people perished trying to cross the Dnister River. "The Red Moscow wants to turn Ukraine into a wasteland. Moscow Bol­ sheviks want to ruin our nation from the Zbruch

to the Caucasus. The Bolsheviks are even trying to make money on the famine by charging tax on any parcels that come into Ukraine," he said. That same day a letter from a Ukrainian worker in the Don oblast appeared in Svoboda. The person wrote that the price of corn flour rose

from eight to 50 rubles. The only subject talked

about is bread, he noted. A second letter received by Svoboda talked about the terrible hunger and the need for food.

Although the 1931 harvest was good, the letter

said, all the

farm animals died for there is

nothing to feed them. The family had received

some weeks-old bread, and tried to swallow it with water. The person wrote that she feels the end of her life is nearing. "We have no fat, no milk, and there will be none. Everyone has trouble; everything good is gone, only misfor­ tune reigns."

On July

15, Svoboda printed an article

headlined: "Stalin admits to the difficult situation of agriculture in Ukraine." According to the story, Stalin sent his right-hand man,, Premier Vyacheslav Molotov to do an overhaul of the Communist Party in Ukraine. This

assignment was given after a specially appointed commission reviewed the agricultural situation in Ukraine. According to the story, peasants

began their spring planting but conducted it

chaotically and without a specific plan. The

(Continued on page 15)

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

SUNDAY. MARCH 27, 1983

No.

13

St. Andrew's Memorial Church:monument to Ukrainian martyrs

by Roma Sochan Hadzewycz

SOUTH BOUND BROOK, N.J. - St. Andrew's Memorial Ukrainian Orthodox Church rises out of the surrounding flat suburban area, clearly visible from nearby Interstate Route 287. Built in a style atypical of Ameri­ can houses of worship, incorporating elements of the Kozak Baroque architecture once popular in Ukraine, it is at once recognizable as a church. Few realize, however, that it is not only a church where daily prayers are offered to God, but also a monument to millions of Ukrainians, who, as the church's cornerstone notes, "gave their lives in fight or in martyrdom for liberty and national independence of their country,"and especially to those millions who perished in the Great Famine of 1932-33. Some 7 million men, women and children died in that Soviet-con­ trived famine planned by Stalin to destroy — both spiritually and physi­ cally — the Ukrainian nation.

St. Andrew's Memorial Church is the fulfillment of a pledge made by Metro­ politan Mstyslav, leader of the Ukrai­ nian Orthodox Church, soon after he, as a bishop, toured Left Bank, or eastern, Ukraine. In 1942 then-Bishop Mstyslav traveled through the areas near Poltava, Khar-

kiv, Kaniv and `Nizhyn.and observed how many churches built six or seven centuries earlier no longer existed. He also saw that the cemeteries - "espe­ cially the cemeteries, because that was where Ukraine's cultural and political leaders were buried," he recalled — were all plowed under.

The Soviet regime that had forcibly taken control of once-free Ukraine "had

tried to erase the memory of the past by destroying the churches and ceme­ teries," he recalled. Among the de­ molished cemeteries, he added, was the one where Ivan Kotliarevsky, the U- krainian writer who introduced the vernacular as the language of literature,

was buried.

-^s

Years later, in 1965, at the dedication ceremonies of St. Andrew's Church, the hierarch explained: "When I was forced into exile from my beloved Ukraine, 1 saw how the enemies destroyed the graves of our heroes, dashing the monuments to pieces and plowing the earth under so that not a trace would remain. At that time the thought was born in my heart that when I had the opportunity in this free and by God blessed America I would immediately build a monument for those heroes. That would be the first task that I would like to realize, and this thought, with the

і Sochan Hidzewycz

Metropolitan Mstyslav, the moving force behind the memorial church project, talks about the church and center, in his office at the metropolitan's residence.

help

of

God and

people, came to

never die," said Metropolitan Mstyslav

fruition."

 

during an interview his residence

"A nation that, like the Japanese, has a cult of respect toward its ancestors will

located several hundred feet from St. Andrew's Church. And it was with this in mind that, in 1950, when the Ukrainian Orthodox Church bought a 57-acre estate in Somerset County, N.J., to serve as its center, the hierarch was already vi­ sualizing that the tract of land wpuld .become the site of a national Ukrainian cemetery and church-monument. The archbishop began to set to paper his conception of the church and cemetery. He insisted that the church be original and extraordinary, and that it have elements of Ukrainian-style architec­ ture which would reflect the genius of the Ukrainian nation. And, he felt, the church must reach high into the sky. Archbishop Mstyslav engaged a Ukrainian Canadian architect, George Kodak, to design the church, and he showed him his own drawings. A pro­ ject was prepared, and a fund-raising drive was announced for the church that was to become the centerpiece of the Ukrainian Orthodox Center. Groundbreaking ceremonies for con­ struction of the church took place on July 21, 1955, and thus the first step toward the realization of Archbishop Mstyslav's pledge was taken. Meanwhile, as the church was being completed, St. Andrew's Ukrainian Orthodox Cemetery began operations in 1964 with the burial there of the remains of the renowned Ukrainian sculptor, Serhiy Lytvynenko. Dedication ceremonies of the me­ morial church took place on October 10, 1965 — 10 years after construction was begun. Nearly 10,000 faithful flocked to the Ukrainian Orthodox Center of St. Andrew the First-Called Apostle to view the blessing of the new church by Metropolitan John Theodo-

rovich

with the assistance of Arch­

bishop Mstyslav ..

In his sermon that day Metropolitan John noted that the church was built for the benefit "of our children and the future generations of our nation."

"In it fthe church) we will daily offer our prayers to God — our prayers for the martyrs of our crucified Church, for Metropolitan Vasyl, for all our bishops,

clergy and faithful

who were" brutally

tortured. They all are alive in God and

alive in our memories. They are unfor­ gettable.

"In it we will daily offer our prayers to

God for all those who fell on the field of

battle in defense of the freedom of our nation, for those who died at the hands

St. Andrew's Memorial Ukrainian Orthodox Church towers above the 100-acre Ukrainian Orthodox Center.

(Continued on pagt 16)

No.

13

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

SUNDAY, MARCH 27, 1983

9

Panorama of Ukrainian culture in the Big Apple

by Helen Perozak Smindak

The pysanka

Call it a work of art, an art form or a craft, the Ukrainian pysanka is intrinsi­ cally Ukrainian. It has become an identity symbol that the public re­ cognizes as a truly Ukrainian objet d'art. Every year more and more people flock to workshops and demonstrations to learn about the batik technique of decorating Easter eggs with age-old Ukrainian talismans. Magazine and newspaper editors can't resist the eye­ catching combination of bright colors, intricate designs and ritual significance.

This spring, pysanky are being seen around town in an exhibit at The Ukrainian Museum, in workshops at the New York Botanical Gardens in the Bronx, and in Ukrainian gift shops in the East Village. There are pictures on the coyer of The New York Times' new Games magazine, in a mini portfolio in the April issue of USAir magazine, and in the February issue of McCall's Decorating Crafts and Ideas magazine. The Ukrainian Museum has mounted an exhibit of some 300 beautiful py­ sanky from its own collection. The exhibition, open Wednesdays through Sundays, І to S p.m., except for Julian Easter Sunday on May 8, will run through June 26. Supplementing the museum's py­ sanky workshops and demonstrations are showings of Slavko Nowytski's film "Pysanka," winner of the Golden Eagle and Gold Hugo awards in 1976 and a finalist in the American Film Festival. Two workshop sessions a day are offered for adults on March 27, April 9, 10, 16 and 17 (separate workshops for those from 12 to 16 were held on March 20 and 26). All supplies necessary for completing a pysanka, plus a booklet of basic traditional designs, are included in the fee (S10 for adults, S8.50 for mem­ bers, students and seniors, free for children under 12). For information, call 228-0110.

How-to demonstrations were held on two occasions earlier this month, and another come-see-how-it's-done session is scheduled for April 2. The fee is S2.50; S2 for members, students and seniors, and free for kids under 12. The fee for workshops and demonstrations, which are funded in part by the New York State Council on the Arts, includes admission to the museum.

If you'd iike to pop in to the museum at 203 Second Ave. just to ogle the pysanky which are on display, the museum admission is SI (50 cents for students and seniors), a real bargain when you consider that you actually get three exhibits for the price of one - intricately decorated Ukrainian Easter eggs, architectural splendors in "The Lost Architecture of Kiev" exhibit (through May 31), and colorful Ukrai­ nian folk costumes (a continuing ex­ hibit).

For the fifth year in a row, Marts Jacuczko of Queens has been presiding at Easter egg-decorating workshops sponsored by the New York Botanical Gardens in the Bronx. This year's classes, heid on March 18 and 20, began on both days at 9:30 a.m. with the showing of Mr. Nowytski's "Pysanka" film and ended around 2:30 in the afternoon as beaming homemakers, senior citizens and teenagers prepared to take home the pysanky they had lovingly completed by hand from step one. The workshops were held ii. the Educational Building, where an exhibit of pysanky, egg-decorating kits and

books and Easter greeting cards pro­ vided by Yaroslav Pastushenko of the Arka Company. 48 E. Seventh St., has been dressing up a third-floor area for over a month. Thanks to Lilia Dlaboha Senenko, the April issue of USAir magazine carries an attractive three-page treat­ ment on Ukrainian Easter eggs, titled "From Ukraine, With Love." An edito­ rial assistant at USAir magazine who also writes an events column for Am- trak`s Express magazine, Ms. Senenko suggested the story and was the^assigned editor on the piece. Ms. Senenko also convinced the editors to omit the article "the" in references to Ukraine. The story, written by Roman Rozij, features color photos by Roy Elkind of exquisite pysanky decorated by Christine Le- wandowska Fiore of Manhattan. Copies of the issue may be obtained by sending a request with a S2 check to USAir Magazine, 34 E. 51st St., New York, N.Y. 10022.

Elementary school students in Ko- diak, Alaska, and other Alaskan towns have developed an interest in the Ukrai­ nian egg-decorating process and have been ordering decorating kits and supplies from the Surma Book Com­ pany on East Seventh Street. Surma owner Myron Surmach doesn4 know what generated this interest. Perhaps it was the mention of Ukrainian Easter eggs and his store's name in the February issue of McCall's Decorating Crafts and Ideas magazine that sparked the whole thing. Incidentally, Surma's decorating kits are currently being sold in the gift shop of the Smithsonian Institute in Washington.

Since many Ukrainians will be cele­ brating Easter Sunday on May 8, there are still six weeks left to handcraft your own pysanky for your Easter basket and for gift-giving to friends. Take a quick decorating course at The Ukrainian Museum, stock up on supplies at Arka, Surma or the Eko Gift store at 145 Second Ave., and join the do-it-your­ self crowd.

Artists at t work

" The revival of Rodgers A Hart's musical comedy "On Your Toes" is being touted by critics as a bonanza for Broadway, a stunning new production, and an utterly charming musical. For George de la Pena, who portrays a

Russian premier danseur in the produc­ tion, Marilyn Stasio of the New York Post had this comment: "George de la Pena smoothly melds balletic grace and Broadway razzmatazz." Mr. de la Pena takes the spotlight as he performs "The Princess Zenobia Ballet" with the show's star, Natalia Makarova. The musical is playing at the Virginia Theatre. 245 W. 52nd St., 977-

Melissa Hayden, Violette Verdy and Margot Fonteyn." "All the stars respected and feared her. she would not tolerate lateness to her classes or variations on her themes. Her energy is amazing, and her discipline is legendary," he recalled. Mr. Larkin noted that he learned from Mme. Pereyaslavec that "you do not call a Ukrainian a Russian."

  • 9370. Dance teacher-choreographer Roma Pryma Bohachevsky, who was a student at the State Theater Ballet School when Mme. Pereyaslavec came to the State Theater of Opera and Ballet in Lvivasa prima ballerina, remembers that she projected great intensity on stage, inspiring students to create feeling and mood in dance. She also took an interest in young dancers and gave them advice. Mrs. Bohachevsky, who described Mme. Pereyaslavec as an active, creative dancer, a choreographer, a teacher of stars, a good colleague and a long-time friend, sketched a brief biography of Mme. Pereyaslavec — her years in Lviv as a prima ballerina, the war years in Ingolstadt, West Germany, where she organized a ballet school, then emigra­ tion to the United States. After a brief stay in Philadelphia, Mme. Pereyaslavec moved to New York, began to teach at the Davis Studio in Carnegie Hall, and opened a school for over 150 Ukrainian American young people in Newark and Philadelphia. As her reputation became known, she was engaged to teach at the American Ballet Theatre school. She was a guest teacher at London's Royal Ballet, the Royal Ballet in Copenhagen, and in Vienna and Cannes, and was invited to many American dance con­ ventions. Still active now, she taught special master classes at Mrs. Bohachev- sky's summer dance workshop last year.

" An appreciative audience packed the Hunter College auditorium last Wednesday night for a concert by the Hunter College Symphony featuring pianist Juliana Osinchuk in perfor­ mances of Rachmaninoff's Piano Con­ certo No. I and Tchaikovsky's Sym­ phony No. 2. Heard throughout the Tchaikovsky` composition, also called the "Little Russian" Symphony, is the lively Ukrainian folk song "Zhuravel" (The Crane). о Actor William Shust took a break from performances of his one-man play "Chekhov on the Lawn" to read English translations of works by German authors during the German Book Fair held at the Sheraton Centre in Man­ hattan from March 4 to 7. Mr. Shust read translations of leading German writers Hoimar von Ditfurth, Gunter Grass, Martin Walser and Max Frisch after the authors read excerpts from their works in German.

A primadonna

In the midst of a heavy schedule of activities in February, the Ukrainian Institute of America took time out to honor a gracious lady who has been a guiding force in the careers of many ballet stars and an inspiration to hundreds of Ukrainian Americans. A special evening was held since Ukrai­ nian primadonna and ballet teacher Valentina Pereyaslavec was marking her 75th birthday, together with 57 years as a professional in the ballet world and 33 years with the American Ballet Theatre school.

Among the speakers who saluted Mme. Pereyaslavec was Robert Larkin, once a pupil in her classes and now a special correspondent for Newsday. He said that he was privileged to study in Mme. Pereyaslavec's classes "in the presence of some of the greatest ballet stars in the Western world — Nora Kaye, Alicia Alonzo, John Kriza,

Tributes from alumni were delivered by Basil Tershakovec, who reminisced about the classes he attended in Mme. Pereyaslavec's studio on St. Mark's Place in the 1950s, Oksana Wojnarovv- ska Bazylevsky, whose ballet studies led to a dance career at Radio City Music Hall, and Dr. Andrij V. Szul, a Phila­ delphia attorney and counselor at law who spoke glowingly of his former teacher. The program, which was conducted in a most charming manner by Mrs. Bohachevsky, included an address on the history of dance by Ostap Tarnaw- sky, chairman of the Slovo Ukrainian Writers' Association, piano solos by Daria Hordynska-Karanowycz, and Ukrainian songs by baritone George Bohachevsky ol the New York Citv Opera. At the conclusion of the cere­ monies, ballet student Nina Bachinska ran up to present a bouquet ot roses to Mme. Pereyaslavec. Among the guests who attended the program and reception were Charles Dillingham, ABT general manager; Valia Vishniewsky, Mme. Pereyaslavec s pianist for 30 years; Doris Hering, executive director ol the National Association for Regional Ballets: and former students Maria Jones, who now runs a ballet school, and Barbara Cole, a teacher for the Alvin Ailey Dance Company.

Photo request

George de la Pena and Natalia Makarova in "The Princess Zenobia" ballet, one of the highlights of the stunning new Broadway production, "On Your Toes."

The Ukrainian Bandurists Chorus, based in Detroit, is preparing for its spring concert tour of American cities (the New York concert will be given at

(Continued on page 12)

  • 10 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

SUNDAY, MARCH 27. 1983

No. 13

Ukrainian pro hockey update

by Ihor N. Stelmach

m ffo

j/^

N

Kluzak's potential raises Bruins brass optimism

"Potentially," said Hairy Sinden, in the manner of an Edison unveiling the electric light bulb, "we think that we could have, in. three, four or five years, one of the premier defensemen in all of hockey." "By the time our trainingcampisover,

maybe by the time he's played 10, 20 or

  • 30 games, hell be very comfortable and

be a regular defenseman."

Moments later, the Bruins' general manager was comparing Gord Kluzak, the 18-year-old defenseman who was the first choice over all in the 1982 NHL entry draft, to Montreal's Larry Robin­ son. "But I'm not saying he is Larry Robinson," Sinden added. Meanwhile, across the room, Kluzak was beaming down from his 6-4, 220- pound heights at the Boston hockey, media, which comes in all shapes and sizes, and telling them modestly:

"The Bruins have by no means gua­ ranteed me a spot, l`ve got to come to:

training camp and work hard and go from there. I'm only 18 years old. Heck, I just finished high school. Hopefully,' the Boston fans will be patient with me, too." It was Hockey Day in Boston, the mid-summer bash the Bruins throw, annually to introduce their newest; pubescent phenom and announce he has signed a contract. Details of the contract were, of course, not announced - "more than \ one year and less than 25,"joked Sinden -^ but it di"dn4 take the'investigative :

Зфиі turn teaTny^rTo^^^uTufirifir" four years, plus an option, for some­ thing less than a million dollars, includ­ ing many, many incentive clauses. Kluzak, who looks even taller than 6- 4, charmed the Boston writers, who had little to write about at the time outside of Terry O'Reilly's suspension, Jim Craig's auto accident and Rick Middle- ton's surgery. Kluzak, one of two Ukrainian Bruins this year, is from Climax, Sask., a town

  • 14 miles north of the Montana border.

There are 250 Climaxians. "Probably 247 now that we are up here," he said, nodding across the room at his mother, Betty, and his father, Glenn. He has been a Bruin fan for as long as he can remember. "When you grow up in Saskatchewan, where there is no NHL team, you get involved with the teams that have the big stars. As long as 1 can remember, it was Bobby Orr and the Bruins. Now, it's Wayne Gretzky (there's that name again) and the Edmonton Oilers."

He wore Orr`s No. 4 since he was 6 years old, and when he was 12 he traveled 1,500 miles across Canada to attend Orr`s hockey school in Orillia, Ont. "I can't point out anything I learned, but it was fun staying at a boarding school." He played baseball in Climax, too, but it became something of a bummer when the Little League changed the rules to curb his pitching prowess. "They weren't hitting and we were killing them, so they made a rule that I could pitch only seven innings a. week to even things out a little bit." He began thinking of a pro hockey career when he was 15 at Notre Dame College and his team won the Canadian midget title. "I saw some guys 1 had watched in junior go up and start playing pro. and 1 started to think, `Hey. if I really want to work hard, і can make

a career of this.' " His career almost came to an end before it got started on February 9, 1.981, when he was playing for the

Billings Bighorns against the Medicine Hat Tigers. He received a hip check from Brian Varga, and he knew right away that something was torn in his knees.

"1 was scared," he admitted. "You

ask

yourself, 'Is this it? Is it over?' But 1 was

lucky. The doctor that did my knee

operation. Dr. Bob Snider, happened to be the fellow that I lived with in Billings. He was an orthopedic surgeon. "The next day I went in and had an arthroscope, and he told me it was just the inside ligaments and that it would be all right. I've been working on a machine the (football) Roughriders have in Regina. I've put a half inch of muscle around my knee since the first of July ('82) and both legs are the same size and strength now." At press time, Gord Kluzak has appeared in 61 of the Bruins'71 matches.

His scoring figures of

I goal - and

3

assists do not exactly remind one of his

idol, old No. 4 who wore the white-gold- black in Beantown. And yet, he's mixed it up with over 100 minutes in penalties. His ice time has been severely limited

  • - usually three or four shifts per game.

Why? Lack of experience — he might have benefitted more with a season in the minors. Why else? Well, there's only Bourque, Park, Milbury, Hillier and O`Connell ahead of him on the depth chart. And except for Park, all the rest are young and extremely capable.

Lately, his time has started to in­ crease, even if it if in small increments. The future? Uncle Harry would haj/e I never picked this Ukrainian kid No. 1 among all others if his potential didn't read all-pro!

Malarchuk takes express route to Nordiques

Ukrainian netminder Clint Malar­ chuk was leading the American Hockey League with a sensational 1.98 goals- against average in 11 starts when the

parent Quebec Nordiques brought him up to see what he could do in the NHL. Malarchuk played two games for Quebec last season, and was quickly returned to Fredericton for more seasoning.

He was called up this time to fill in for top keeper Dan Bouchard, who injured the index finger on his right hand playing against Edmonton. The Nor­ diques were scheduled to play four of their next six games on the road, and it was clear that regular back-up John Garrett would not start all of those games. (Garrett was subsequently traded to Vancouver.) After 14 games, the Nordiques were 18th defensively in the whole NHL. It was quite possible that Malarchuk would have been given the call even­ tually anyway, even without the injury to Bouchard. You know, the old let`s- shake-up- the-team-by- bringing-up-a- young-hopefully-hot-goalie routine. "Clint has certainly been the best goalie in the AHL." said Fredericton Express coach Jacques Demers. "He has been really steady in goal and 1 told Quebec management recently that he was ready to play in the NHL."

Bouchard has been hot and cold in goal for Les Nordiques de Quebec, just about as inconsistent as the Quebec defense in front of him. Since Bou­ chard has decided not to talk to the local media, it is impossible to get his thoughts

concerning his injury, the play of Malarchuk or the work of the defense- men. In an early season tie against the Edmonton Oilers, Garrett came on to replace Bouchard midway through the game. He had the fans buzzing over his .unbalanced save against the Great Gretzky (there's that name again) and company. But Garrett dia, the job. , "He knows me well ana I even had problems with him Ьаок in the World

Hockey Association days," said our favorite half-Ukrainian hockey star, old '

No. 99.

, "I don't really understand why the Nordiques don't use him more," added Edmonton coach Glen Sather. "He did a great job in the playoffs against Boston last year and he proved then how well he could play."

Was Garrett ready for the job as No.

  • I goaltender for Quebec at the time? Just show him the way, he said. "I knew that Dan Bouchard was No.

    • I in Quebec, but I also welcomed the

chance to play. That's what everyone wants who plays in the NHL and I will be ready when they need me." Bouchard has a long-term contract with the Nordiques and he isn't going anywhere for a while. Malarchuk may

be ready to play in the NHL, but to stay with the Nordiques, he would have had to outclass Garrett. Everyone re­ membered how well Garrett did against Boston last spring in the playoffs when Bouchard was ill and he had to fill in. This time, the competition came from Malarchuk rather than the Bruins.

So, what happened? Malarchuk stayed for a brief while, not looking too shabby in his performances guarding the nets. Eventually with Bouchard's return he received a ticket back to Fredericton. Still more eventually, Garrett's tenure with Quebec, ended with his trade to goalie desperate Vancouver. Another ticket to Quebec for young Malarchuk. This one, based on the facts in thus far, looks like it may be one-way. At press time, he's still with

the big club, playing second string to Mr. Bouchard. His stats are listed below.

Winger Lukowich low despite lofty contract

Ukrainian winger Morris Lukowich, who scored 42 goals for the Winnipeg Jets last season, signed a five-year contract with the team last fall. Luko­ wich, 26, had one year remaining on a contract he signed four years ago when Winnipeg bought his rights from the Houston Aeros of the then WHA.

Only two left wingers in the NHL had more points than Lukowich last season. Dave Taylor of the Kings finished with 105 points and Dino Ciccarelli of the North Stars had 103. Lukowich wound

up with 90.

. Oh what a difference a big contract

.

.

sometimes makes.'' "I am the Winnipeg Jets. I love this team. I couldn't play for anyone else."

Morris Lukowich searched for the right words. Thoughts of being traded sickened him. He had been gnawed by his failure to contribute to a team which needs him as badly as he needs it. The scene was a coffee shop in the Hotel Vancouver. Shoppers paraded

by, clutching their bounties of post-

Christmas sales. Lukowich felt low. His legs felt sore. He had been nagged by injuries that have impaired his skating.

But the 26-year-old left winger was merely mired in his worst slump in seven years of professional hockey. One goal in 11 games is hardly the pace expected of.the highest-scoring left winger in the National Hockey League last season. `-tFor a-while-he snapped out of it, firing the tying goal with two minutes to go in a 4-4 stalemate in Vancouver, then added another the following night as the Jets overcame a deficit to beat the Kings 4-3 in Los Angeles. "I'm happy for Luke," said his coach, Tom Watt. "Lately, he's been talking to himself. He's gone through a long

(Continued on page II)

Ukrainian scoring leaders

(through games of Thursday, March 17)

Player Team

Bossy, N.Y. Islanders Hawerchuk, Winnipeg Federko, St. Louis Ogrodnick, Detroit Maruk. Washington Smyl, Vancouver D. Babych, Winnipeg Krushelnyski, Boston Lysiak, Chicago Poddubny, Toronto Lukowich, Winnipeg W. Babych, St. Louis Andreychuk, Buffalo Bozek, Los Angeles , Semenko, Edmonton Ludzik, Chicago Zuke, St. Louis Antonovich, New Jersey Mokosak, Calgary Hospodar, Hartford Mandich, Minnesota Kluzak, Boston Chorney, Pittsburgh Bonar, Los Angeles

Stefan, Detroit

Malarchuk, Quebec

GP

G

A

PTS

PIM

72

53

55

108

22

71

36

42

78

27

68

21

55

76

22

72

35

39

74

30

71

30

44

74

69

65

31

43

74

110

71

13

52

64

54

70

20

38

58

32

53

21

35

56

23

62

25

21

46

67

71

22

21

43

67

66

16

23

39

60

40

12

17

29

14

46

11

13

24

14

70

9

-

12

21

131

59

2

18

20

42

37

6

13

19

10

25

7

7

14

9

44

7

6

13

87

62

1

7

8

172

59

3

4

7

141

61

1

3

4

101

58

1

2

3

54

17

0

0

0

6

 

GP

MINS

GA

AVG.

  • 34 1787

131

4.40

  • 11 660

51

5.00

No. 13

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

SUNDAY, MARCH 27, 1983

11

Ukrainian pro hockey ...

(Continued from page It)

drought. It's tough to swallow when you're a 40-goal scorer." His tying goal in Vancouver was preceded by two chances that left him baffled and angry. "What the Sam Hill is going on?" he wondered as he drilled a wrist shot into the glove of Richard Brodeur from 1S feet away. Ten seconds later, teammate Thomas Steen carried a face-off to the front of the net. The puck spilled free to Lukowich, but (alas!) he hit the post. Finally, Willy Lindstrom snapped a shot which Brodeur blocked. The re­ bound fell at Lukowich`s feet. Instantly, he zipped a shot into the top of the net. The following night, Lukowich was in approximately the same spot when he put away a pass from rookie Brian Mullen. Typically, Lukowich is playing with everyone — when he plays, that is.

WCFU

presidium ...

(Continued from page 3)

nian Catholic Church reported on the planning of millennium celebrations in 1988. The WCFU will also actively take part in the planning of community celebrations of this jubilee.

Metropolitan Mstyslav of the Ukrai­ nian Orthodox Church in the U.S.A. did not attend the meeting for he was the object of an insult in which several members of the WCFU Presidium were implicated. The meeting participants expressed hope that this situation will be rectified in the near future.

He doesn't doubt the motives of his coach, a man he has great respect for, but does readily admit: "1 don't like the four-line system. But, from what I've seen in the past, if Tom does something there is always a reason and it usually pays off in the end."

Some nights he has sat out as many as

the first six shifts

of a period.

"I'd like to give Luke more ice time," said Watt. "But it's difficult when the other left wingers are playing so well. Do I bump Lundholm or Small or Dupont to give him added ice time? I can't. All three are-playing well." For Morris Lukowich, Ukrainian star, his goals were a reaffirmation of his own abilities. Abilities, fortunately, the hockey world realizes he's had, has and will continue to have.

UKRAINIAN UTTERINGS: Motor City correspondent to the Hockey News claims early season demotion of Dennis Polonich, 29, probably ends his career in Detroit. He played hard, but the talent just wasn't there to be an NHL regular. In the AHL last season, how­

ever, he scored 30 goals and 26 assists ... Mike Bossy, Islanders' right wing, received the "Good Guy Award" for his work with the American Heart Asso­

... goals and 22 assists in 13 games and set

ciation

Wayne

Gretzky, who scored 10

an NHL record by scoring in his 30th consecutive game, was player of the month for December. Gretzky scored three or more points in six games during the month ...

Coming next week: The long-awaited minor league update and a whole lot more!

Philadelphia

district ..

(Continued from page 4)

President John Flis could not attend because of previous family commit­ ments. After the tour of UNA operations, which occupy three floors of the build­ ing, guests gathered in the large third- floor dining area for a brunch prepared by Genevieve Kufta, Mr. Flis's secre­ tary, and Bohuslava Poliszczuk, an employee in the recording department. Building manager Alex Blahitka was also on hand to assist the guests and answer any questions. In greeting the guests on behalf of the Supreme Executive Committee, Mr. Sochan welcomed them to the main office and thanked them for their interest in its operations. He then welcomed Edward Popel, treasurer of the Ukrainian Fraternal Association, and introduced Mrs. Diachuk. Mrs. Diachuk briefly outlined the general financial standing of the UNA, noting that its assests are nearing the S48 million mark. She added that the UNA building is 10 years old this year, and is now worth nearly twice the SI3 million it cost to build. Much of the

construction money came from mem­ bers' loans,'she said. In his remarks, Mr. Hawrysz thanked Messrs. Tarnawsky and Dankiwskyj for their work in the Philadelphia district, and introduced several district and branch officers present, among them John Skira, district secretary, secre­ taries Mykhailo Kryka and Jaroslav Scherbak of Chester, and Mykhailo Martynenko of Trenton. He also intro­ duced branch presidents Jakim Kozel, Petro Brodych and Mykhailo Mizak, as well as Bohdan Artymyshyn, assistant secretary of Branch 153, and Kateryna Semen, treasurer of Branch 163. In closing, Mr. Hawrysz praised the Philadelphia district for its organizing efforts, and urged all present to con­ tinue to strive for the betterment of the UNA. Also asked to address the guests was Mr. Popel, who spoke briefly on the possible merger of the UNA and the UFA, a move he said would benefit not only both organizations, but the Ukrai­ nian community as a whole. Mr. Skira then thanked the supreme executive committee for its hospitality. At 2 p.m., the guests returned to their buses and cars for a trip to New York's Ukrainian Museum,

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OBITUARY OF UNA MEMBER

MR. ROMAN IWANGZYSZYN. member of the UNA Branch No. 194 Society Svoboda in New York died on January 9.1983 it theage of 24. Ha was born on October 1. 1958 in. Brooklyn. NY. and became a

member of the UNA in 1973. He is survived by Wasyl

-

father. Irene - mother, Martha - sister. The

Family, friends and the UNA community attended the

funeral

of the deceased on January

13.

1983.

Interment

was

in

Haly

Spirit

Cemetery

in

Hamptonburgh. Orange County. N.Y. -

Branch Secretary.

A. Juzeniw,

.

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

;

; SUNDAY, MARCH 27, 1983

No. 13

MISCELLANEOUS

|Re: Ukrainian ...

raderie and spirit of community charao j teristic of most Ukrainian summer

(Continued from pace 4)

programs leave an indelible impression

; paratively low cost to participants.

on the participants whether they are 8 or

80.

ATTENTION

Adults should consider the wealth of

In today's world, when few of us have

SCOUTMASTERS

summer camps and workshop alterna- - tives available for their children — as

the opportunity to delve into our

Ukrainian Youth Association PLAST (which bases its methodology on the Scouting:

well as for themselves, since there are also adult summer programs. (Many

cultural heritage on a daily basis, Ukrainian summer programs present an

system) would like to contact present or і former scoutmasters in the USA and Canada!

non-Ukrainian spouses have taken part ( in these programs in an effort to in­

appealing and affordable means of learning who we are.

  • - for the purpose of exchanging ideas and

crease their knowledge of Ukrainian

REAL ESTATE

RETIREMENT

FUTURE

INiS.W. FLORIDA!

The growing communities near St. Andrew's Ukrainian Religious and Cultural Center.

NICK 8. ELOISE POPOVICH

Realtor-Associate/Broker-Salesman Hotline phone: 1-813-629-3179

TARAS BARABASH

Realtor-Associate

Eves: 1-813-625-0011

RANDOL REALTY, INC., REALTOR

3221 Tamiami Trail Port Charlotte. Fla. 33952

625-4193

 

W3.000

Will purchase this concrete block home that

is located on a 80 1125 foot lot with a sea-

walled, waterfront

canal

that

leads to

Charlotte Harbor. Pool S patio area for en­

tertaining; breakfast room, dining room: con­

veniently located.

RAW 3819

Call day or night: 1-813-629-3179

Building Sites -

80 x 125 on paved streets

12.300 and up: some with terms.

possible cooperation. Please write to:

PLAST, HPB

,

140 Second Avenue

New York. N.Y. 10003

SOCIOLOGISTS

PLAST. Ukrainian Youth Organization, would like to contact sociologists and students of sociology who are interested in the study of ethnic groups in various countries, where Ukrainians now reside. If you have already worked on such a project, or would like to study such a topic (with special emphasis on organizational life, educational system, bilingualism and related problems), please write to:

PLAST, HPB

 

140 Second Avenue New York, N.Y. 10003

 

j

WHY TAX YOURSELFT"

F

1

I

Let experience work for you

1

Contact:

Michael

Zaplitny.Consultant

 

I

 

FIRESIDE TAX CONSULTING

 
  • L 909 Union Street. Brooklyn. N.Y. 11215 (212) 622-1560

THE UKRAINIAN NATIONAL ASSOCIATION

'subjects.)

The diversity of Ukrainian summer programs serves to accommodate various degrees of interest and exper­ tise. The programs range from intensive Ukrainian immersion programs, to courses which survey Ukrainian culture and history, to the recreational camp where children are introduced to Ukrai­ nian songs and folklore. The com-

CORRECTION:

In the last Fraternally yours column (Sunday, March 6), "Update: UNA scholarship recipients," the title of the Rev. Andriy Chirovsky's thesis was incorrectly given. The correct title is:

"The sophiological mysticism-of Metro­ politan Andrey Sheptytsky and its patristic foundation."

Panorama ...

(Continued from page 9) Carnegie Hall in May). Photographs of the chorus in concert, of the group and/or studies of individual members are needed for publicity purposes (candid photos, black and white or color shots that can be reproduced, slides and transparencies). Black and white photographs or negatives are

most urgently needed by a volunteer

publicist working to secure exposure for the chorus in the English-language media. Please send your pictures to Helen Smindak at The Ukrainian Weekly, 30 Montgomery St., Jersey City, N.Y. 07302.

Join the UNA

Informal survey

The spirits of UYL-NA Conventions Past are conducting a survey to deter­ mine if past and recent members of the Ukrainian Youth League of North America would be interested in attend­ ing a UYL-NA reunion in 1983. The time: a weekend most convenient to participants and their families, who will be welcome to attend the reunion. The locale: a fine hotel/ motel in the Greater

-New York area, convenient to all

transportation facilities and outside the city to eliminate parking problems. The tentative program: following the order of past conventions, a "Get-Acquainted Dance" (which could be the "Get Re- acquainted and Meet the Children Dance"), a concert, dinner and ball. Interested youth leaguers should write to UYL-NA Spirits in care of Helen Smindaleat one address given above.

. ,. ,.,. SCHOLARSHIP AWARDS

...

,.

МШШ .

...

,.

RECENTLY

PUBLISHED

FOR TH E ACADEMIC YEAR

1983/8 4

The scholarships are available to students at an accredited college or university. WHO

HAVE BEEN MEMBERS OF THE UKRAINIAN NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR AT LEAST

TWO YEARS Applicants are |udged on the basis of scholastic

record, financial need

and involvement in Ukrainian community and student life. Applications are to be-sub-

mitted no later than March 31 , 1983. For application form write to:

UKRAINIAN NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, JNC.

30 Montgomery Street

a

Jersey City, N.J. 07302

IVAN FRANK0: THE ARTIST AND THE THINKER

A COLLECTION OF PAPERS COMMEMORATING THE 125th ANNIVERSARY OF THE BIRTH AND THE 65th ANNIVERSARY OF THE DEATH OF IVAN FRANKO

SVOBOD A

Eugene Fedorenko, editor

212 pages (bound). Price S15.00, potto S1.00. New Jersey residents add 6S sales tax. Now available at the BOOK STORE, 30 Montgomery Street. JERSEY CITY. NJ . 07302

ATTENTION! APPLICATIONS SUBMITTED WITHOUT ALL REQUIRED DOCUMENTS ATTACHED WILL NOT BE PROCESSED BY THE COMMITTEE.

1983 SUMMER PROGRAM at SOYUZIVKA:

TENNIS CAMP - (Boys and Girls 12-18 years) June 19-29

GIRL'S CAMP - (7-12 years) June 18 - July 2

UNA members - S 100.00 per week, non-members - (120.00 per week

BOYS' CAMP -

(7-12 years) July 3 -

July 16

(Same price as Girls'Camp)

UKRAINIAN CULTURAL COURSES - (Teens 14-18 years) July 17-30

,

UNA members -

J220.00, non-members -

5250.00

DANCE CAMP - July 31 - August 13

For applications and more information, please write or call the management of Soyurivka:

SOYUZIVKA UNA Estate

Foordemoore Rd. a Kerhonkwn, N.Y. 12446 a (914)626-5641

Did you invest in your future by opening an

IRA ACCOUNT???

at

UKRAINIAN SAVINGS AND LOAN ASSOCIATION

1321

W. Lindley Avenue

"

Philadelphia, Pa. 1914 1

Every employed person can set aside up to 52,000 per year for an individual retirement account, or 52,250.00 per couple if only one person is employed.

в

By opening an IRA account you will save on taxes, as the initial deposit and high interest earned are not taxable.

a

a

a

HURRY -

you can still open an IRA for 1982 up to April 15.1983 or you file your income tax return.

For an additional information please visit, or call us at

(215) 329-7080

There is a substantial penalty for early withdrawal.

scope

tncuxiL \rxi

^

(20ІТ 371-4004 -

945 Sanford Avenue

Newark, NJ . 07106 (215) 379-2755 - 70 0 Codar Road

Philadelphia. Pa. (Ukrainian Center)

і

"MAGICAL EUROPE" France, Svritz., Italy. Yugo., Austria. Air/Hotel/ meals incf. Escort Ulisna BABIUK

51.699.00

Dept: JUNE 23.1983

VIENNA 1 week tour.

Alr/Hotel ind.

Escort B. YAMINSKYJ

S999.00

Dept SEPT. 7.1983

GREECE/TURKEY +.T. DAY CRUISE Air/Hotel/Meate

Escort

Oiha KOLANKIWSKY

Sl.799.00

Dept: SEPT. 15.1983

JAPAN/HONGKONG TAIWAN-1 2 days tour air/ hotel Incl. (China Option) Escort Bohdanna CHUMA 51.250.00 + tax

Dept: SEPT. 18,1983

DISNEY/FLORIDA 7 day tour ` Air/Hotel Escort. M. HELBI6

1239.00

Dept: NOV. 8.1983

No.

13

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

j І SUNDAY, MARCH 27, 1983

13

A REPORT ON THE MEMORIAL FUND RAISING CAMPAIGN FOR THE BUILDING OF THE UKRAINAN CATHOLIC NATIONAL SHRINE Off THE HOLY FAMILY, WASHINGTON, D.C.

ЗВІТ З ПАМ'ЯТНИКОВОТ ГРОШЕВОЇ КАМ­ ПАНІЇ НА БУДОВУ УКРАЇНСЬКОГО КАТО­ ЛИЦЬКОГО КРАЙОВОГО СО60РУ ПРЕСВ. РОДИНИ У ВАШІНҐТОНІ, Д, К.

PRESS RELEASE No. 18 (July 4, 1982 to January 3, 1983)

 

j

Dear Benefactors and Friends.

|

 

In reviewing this 18th press release we notice the great success of our Memorial

Fund

Raising Campaign

for

the

building

of

ou r

Ukrainian

National

Shrine

in

Washington. D.C.

 

, ,

\

As of January 3, 1983 we have visited 149 parishes, and. God willing, we hope to complete the visitation of the 60 remaining parishes in the United States. This report indicates that as of that df y. our benefactors have chosen 1915 Memorials, and given 3822 i-esser Donations for a general total of S2.477.090 40 (with a sum of J612.350.0D remaining in pleadges).

Taking into account the wonderful response and progress of our Memorial Campaign, we trust in God. that by the fall of 1984 we will be in the position to start building the upper phase of our National Shrine, namely, the Shrine proper.

We. therefore, sincerely thank all our benefactors and friends for their generous Memorials and Lesser Donations, and pray that the Holy Family, Jesus. Mary and

Joseph may help us to fulfill all our plans for the Ukrainian millennium of Christianity.

FR. STEPHEN J. SHAWEL, C.SS.R

..

Pastor

FR. JOSEPH DENISCHUK. C.SS.R., Director of Memorial Campaign

 

MICHAEL WARIS, Jr. Esq

..

Chairman of Memorial Campaign

In case

of any error

in this report

please notify our Holy Family parish office

immediately. 4250 Harewood Rd. N.E

..

Washington, D.C. (202) 526-3737.

ПРЕСОВЕ ЗВІДОМЛЕННЯ ч. 18 Дорогі Добродії і Друзі!

(Bin 4-го липня

1982 до 3-го січня

1983).

Розгпядаючи це 18-те пресове звідомпення ми бачимо з яким вепиким успі­ Вашінґтоні.

хом поступає кампанія на будову Українського Крайового Собору у К.

Д.

До

3-го

грудня

1983 р.

ми відвідали

149 парафій

і

б

в Бога

надія, що

ще

до вибрапи 1915 Пам'ятників та 3822 Менших Пожертв на звгапьну суму 2,477.090.40

в ЗСА

Цей

звіт

що

того дня

наші добродії

відвідаємо 60 парафій

виказує,

доп. (в декляраціях остає ще 612,350.00 дол.).

Беручи під увагу такий чудовий відгук та успіх нашої Пам'лтникової Кампанії,

що при Божій будову верхньої отже

ми надіємося,

помочі восени

1984 р. ми будемо спроможні почати Собору. щедрі

це б то властивого

їхні Ісуса, Марію й Йосифа.

друзям

за

частини нашого Крайового Собору,

Ми.

всім Пам'ятники і Менші Пожертви та молимо Пресв. Родину -

щиро дякуємо

нашим добродіям

і

щоб помогпи

українського народу.

нам завершити

всі

наші

пляни з

нагоди

тисячоліття

християнства

о. СТЕФАН І. ШАВЕЛЬ. ЧНІ. парох о. ЙОСИФ ДЕНИЩУК. ЧНІ, директор кампанії^ і Адв. МИХАЙЛО ВАРИС, гопова кампанії якоїсь помилки, просимо зараз повідомити нас y` Вашінґтоні. Д. К

У випадку

ADDITIONAL MEMORIALS AND LESSER DONATIONS FROM HOLY FAMILY UKRAINIAN CATHOLIC CHURCH WASHINGTON, D.C.

MEMORIALS

 

LESSER DONATIONS (lass than S1000.00)

!

S108.000.00

(total)

Holy Family Parish Bingo Workers

 

t

28,102.00 (total) Tymm, Julian 8 Anna Lucille and Raymond M.

 

21,753.28

(total)

Mariyska Druzyno (Marian Sodality) of

Holy Family Church

j

,

21,640.00 (total) Dubik, Michael 1 Mary

 

14,130.00

(total)

Holy Family Parish Kitchen Bingo

 

,

)

9,668.00 (total) Anonymous

 

8.500.00

(total) Antonovych, Dr. Omelan 4 Dr. Tatiana

 

6,810.00 (total) Keyos, Andrew 4 Julio

 

6,626.00 (total) Kumidcyj, Mykola 8 Anna

6,470.00

(total)

Kotciw. Michael 8, Elizabeth

 

1

-

'6,323.00 (total) Nakonechny, Dr. Basil 8 Prof. Olho

 

5,460.00 (total) Fedock. John 8 Ruth

 

5,160.00 (total) Chomiak, Rostyslow 8 Dr. Martha 4,960.00 (total) Harkinish, George

 

4,725.00

(total)

Kuimowych, Dr. Truvor 8 Dr. Chrystyna

 

J

3,800.00 (total) Maksymchock, Leo 8 Eleanor 3,451.00 (total) Smith, Paul 8 Christine

 

3,350.00 (total) Griffo, Dr. Joseph 8 Zoria

 

j

3,092.00 (total) Romaniuk, Stefan 8 Anna

j

2.560.00

(total)

Petruihka, Andrew 8 Mary

I

2,370.00

(total)

Kopka, Julian 8 Stephania

I

2,355.00

(total)

Sydorko, Michael 8 Cleo

\

2,300.00

(total)

Motorney, Theodore 8 Helen

'

2,090.00 (total) linderholm, Randolph 8 Anna

 

2,000.00

(total)

Kowansky, Michael 8

Adelaide

|

1,930.00 (total) Padawtky, Yaremo 8 Irene 1,800.00 (total) Wuyek, John 8 Mary 1,750.00 (total) Giffler, Milton 8 Lydia 1,710.00 (total) Mulvaney, Mary F.

 

1.700.00

(total) Mulvaney, Mary C.

 

1,200.00 (total) Shorko, Walter 8 Marilyn

1,050.00 (total) Hertz, Stephen 8 Carl

1,000.00

Paschyn, Bohdan 8 Kwitoslawo

 

1,000.00

Slattery, Joan

1,000.00

Yoworsky, George 8 Zenia

 

LESSER DONATIONS (Leu than S1000.00)

  • 930.00 (total)

Power, Fronds

;

  • 800.00 (total) Horodyski. Steve 8 Normo

 
  • 735.00 (total) Mutchko, Walter 8 Patricia

  • 690.00 (total) Hull, Joseph

 
  • 640.00 (total) Bibbee, Dr. Alexandria

  • 533.28 (total) Keyes, Andrea

  • 325.00 (total) Knysh, Walter 8 Apolonio

 
  • 275.00 (total) Powanda, Steven 8 Ruth

 
  • 235.00 (total) Haberchak, Anna

  • 220.00 (total) ladomirok, Michael 8 Maryonne

 
  • 200.00 (total) Kosovych, Ostap 8 Linda

 
  • 185.00 (total) Yaskonich. Anna

  • 170.00 (total) Caplan. Marusia

  • 160.00 (total) Baranowicz, Katherine

  • 125.00 (total)

Novalis, Joseph 8 Adriano

 

,

  • 120.00 .

(total)

Kahan, Stefan 8 Ewo

 
  • 100.00 (total) Ulone. Rodney 8 Morto

 
  • 64.00 (total) Burger, Morgoret-Mary

  • 50.00 Belendiuk, Arthur 8 Lydio

  • 30.00 Rymoruk, George 8 Mario

 
  • 30.00 Tkach. John

 
  • 20.00 Wityshyn, Michael 8 Cathy

 
  • 10.00 Perry, Vinceni 8 Julio

 

5.00

Drohosz, lubo

MEMORIALS AND LESSER DONATIONS FROM THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA

S30.000.00 (total) Brega Family. Volley Cottage, N.Y.

3,000.00 (total) Anonymous. Toronto, Ont. 2,300.00 (total) Maslak, John, Sarasoto, Florida

2,000.00 (total) Anonymous, Richmond, Va. 2,000.00 (total) Makorowski, William 8 Irene, Elmiro Heights, N.Y. 1,220.00 (total) Romanyshyn, Petro 8 Stasio, Denver, Col. 1,100.00 (total) Melnykovych, George 8 Oksana, Overland Park, Kansas 1,025.00 (total) Riffon, Daniel, Bridgeport, Conn. 1.020.00 (total) Sirko, John 8 Sofia, Milwaukee, Wise.

1,000.00

Anonymous, Bristol, Pa.

 

1,000.00

Anonymous, Winston-Solem, N.C.

1,000.00

Cycyk, Anna Wilmington, Del.

j

1,000.00

Hrycyk, John 8 Sofia, Buffalo, N.Y.

1,000.00

Kramlick, Gary 8 Glory, Minor, N.D.

1,000.00

Ovcharenko, Maria M, Charleston, III.

1,000.00

Wiwchor, John 8

Anna, Riverhead, N.Y.

j

750.00

(total) Chaply, Wasyl 8 Olho, Northampton, Pa.

576.00

(total)

Chomiak, Alexander, Hamilton,

.

480.00

(total) Musyt, Joseph 8 Gertrude, Newark, N.J.

400.00

(total) Leochko, Natalia, Matthews, N.C.

400.00

(total) Smith, George A. and Maria Moroz, Whippany, N.J.

330.00

(total) Shimko, George, Plymouth, Pa.

 

309.00

(total)

longenfelder, John 8 Diane, BismoA, N.D. j .

305.00

(total)

Klobasko, Adam 87Kitty; Shamokin, Pa.

 

300.00

Snlhurowych, It. Col. Wiroslaw 8 Patricia, Hartford, Conn.

300.00

Sologuk Family, Wilton, N.D.

 

300.00

Stefanysryn, Anna, Livonia, Mich.

 

LESSER DONATIONS

1270.00 (total) Sojka, Casimir 8 Anne W., New Rochelle, N.Y.

 

250.00

twasiutyn, Wolodymyr 8 Maria, Yonkers, N.Y

100.00

Bowes, Mary H., Waterford, N.J.

100.00

(total) Chanas, Maria. Brooklyn, N.Y.

100.00

Fedor, John 8 Anno, Etobicoke, Ontario

100.00

Holy Nome Society, St. Josaphat Church, Munster, Ind.

100,00

Lukiw, Anna, Stamford, Conn.

  • 80.00 (total) Wasylkewycz, Katria, Greensburg, Pa.

  • 50.00 Yarymowich, Bohdan, Ottawa, Ontario

  • 40.00 Drohosz, Michael 8 Kateryna, Utico, N.Y.

  • 40.00 Wyatt, Eariine M., Washington, D.C.

  • 30.00 Duda, Stefan, Phoenix, Ariz.

  • 30.00 St. Basil's Home, Philadelphia, Pa.

  • 25.00 Kwit, Zenovy, Philadelphia, Po.

  • 25.00 (total) Odexynskyi, Maria Z., Philadelphia, Pa.

  • 20.00 Andrijenko, Wasyl 8 Paraska, Rochester, N.Y.

  • 20.00 Golody, Gregory, Toronto, Ontario

  • 20.00 Homlick, John 8 Mary, St. Louis, Mo.

  • 20.00 Nykorchuk, Steve 8 Alfredo, Pittsfield, Mass.

  • 20.00 Synychak, John 8 Mary. Brookville, Florida

  • 10.00 (total) Karpiak, Helen, Shamokin, Pa.

  • 10.00 Malick, George, Syracuse, N.Y.

  • 10.00 Podia, Andrew 8 Florence, Jersey City, N.J.

  • 10.00 Skoncy, Ivan. Toronto, Ontario

  • 7.00 Centers, D., Woodbridge, Va.

  • 7.00 (total) Sowchuk, Mr. 8 Mrs. Nick, Hamtramck, Mich

5.00.

Butler, Margaret, Washington, D.C.

5.00

Sherbun, Sofia, Mishowaka, Ind.

IN UEU OF FLOWERS FOR THE BUILDING OF OUR NATIONAL SHRINE

In memory of the departed Anno Stundor of Arlington, Va.

SI 00.00 Stunder. William

  • 25.00 Kosciw. Michael 8 Elizabeth

In memory of the departed Dr. Petro Oryshkewych of College Park, Md.

S500.00 Oryshevych, Yoroslawa, College Pork, Md.

  • 100.00 Zolusky, Dr. Myro 8 Theodore, Adelphi, Md

  • 100.00 Oryshewych, Dr. Joseph 8 Lidio. New York, N.Y.

    • 60.00 Rudensky. Ivan, Toronto. On!

    • 50.00 Bortoszyk, Marion, Adelphi, Md

    • 30.00 Jorosewich, Eugene 8 Lydio, Silver Spring. Md.

    • 50.00 Oryshkewych, Dr. Roman 8 Oksono, Chicago, III.

    • 50.00 Polanskij, Jurij 8 Areta, Cleveland, Ohio

    • 50.00 Shorko, Ewhenia, College Park, Md. (Continued on pa(rr 14)

If

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY

 

SUNDAY, MARCH 27. 1983

 

No.

13

 

A report on the memorial ...

 

11/11/7 9

11/18/7 9

11/18/7 9

Mount Cormel, Po.

SS.

Peter and Paul

 

4

15

1,981.00

Parma, Ohio

St. Andrew

 

23

13

15,175.00

 
 

(Continued from page

13)

Parma, Ohio

Josaphat

32

40

35.860.00

 

40.00

Kupchyk, Walter A Mary, New York, N.Y.

 

l

l /

2/7 9

Cleveland, Ohio

 

SS.

Peter and Paul

 

5

37

 

ill

30.00

Hem.lt. Chorlej A Helen, College Park. Md.

 

12/

9/7 9

S.

Sde Cleveland, O.

Patronage of BVM

4

4

23.00

Bazorko, Nestor 4 Martha, Wheaton, Md.

2/

3/8 0

Bethlehem, Pa.

St. Josaphat

 

23

18

23.00

Calyn, Or. Larry A Donna, Silver Spring, Md.

2/10/8 0

Allentown, Po.

 

Immaculate

Conception/BVM

14

  • 7 6,000.00

25.00

Choma, Zenia, Anandale, Va.

2/17/8 0

 

St. Vladimir

2

19

828.00

25.00

Duihnyk, Walter 4 Mary, New York, N.Y.

2/24/8 0

W.

Easton, Po.

Holy Ghost

15

13

O)

88888

 

25.00

Kuryfal, Dr. Stephen A CHha, Wheaton, And.

3

/

2/8 0

Brooklyn, N.Y.

Holy Ghost

12

21

25.00

Malynowsky, Dr. Waiyl, Cleveland, Ohio

3

/ 9/8 0

Johnson City, N.Y.

 

Sacred Heart of Jesus

 

17

13

-

-

25.00

Paschyn, Bohdan A Kwitoslawa, Slver Spring, Md.

 

3/16/8 0

Minersville, Pa.

St. Nicholas

42

32

6

25.00

Sloniewsky, Roman A Motria, McLean, Va.

 

3/16/8 0

Middloport, Po.

 

Nativity of BVM

6

4

1 to

25.00

St. Andrew's Ukrainian Orthodox Pariih, Waihingt on,

D.C.

3/23/8 0

Olyphant, Pa.

SS. Cyril and Methodius

11

  • 19 76,22675

25.00

Telishewsky, Dr. Py'yp A Susanna, Cleveland, Ohio

 

3/30/8 0

Fresh Meadows, N.Y.

Annunciation of BVM

17

  • 7 15,265.00

20.00

Bihun, Andrew A Lesia, Wheaton, Md.

 

4/20/8 0

PhoenbtviHe, Pa.

 

SS. Peter and Paul

10

  • 12 4,685.00

20.00

Sokil, Alex A Mario, Silver Spring, Md.

4/27/8 0

Lansdale, Pa.

Presentation of Our Lord

9

6

.......

20.00

VHkovitsky, Ihor A Tamara, Silver Spring, Md.

4/27/8 0

Quakertown, Pa.

 

St. Basil

1

15.00

Friends of the Ukrainian Youth Organization — Plast, Washington, D.C.

 

5

/

4/8 0

Edwardsville, Pa.

St. Vladimir

 

4

47

5

/

4/8 0

Plymouth, Po.

SS.

Peter and Paul

 

5

70

10.00

10.00

5.00

Rudensky, Volodymyr A Anna, Toronto, Ont.

VHkovitsky, Irene, Washington, D.C.

 

5/11/8 0

Wilkos Barre, Pa.

SS.

Peter and Paul

5

17

Baczynsky, Wira, Olney. Md.

5/25/8 0

Glen Spey, N.Y.

St. Volodymyr

 

5

15

 

6

/

8/8 0

Simpson, Pa.

SS.

Peter and Paul

 

2

22

 

In memory of the departed Clementine Hull of Horndon,

Va.

6/15/8 0

6/29/8 0

9/28/8 0

McAdoo, Pa.

Patronage of BVM St. Mary

18

3

19

7,984.00

  • 4 2,890.00

   

Manassas, Va. Rochester, N.Y.

Epiphany of Our Lord

8

57

6,570.00

 

S25.00

Pytlowany, Peter, Bladensburg, And.

10/

5/8 0

Buffalo, N.Y.

St. Nicholas

 

33

71

21.869.00

 

25.00

25.00

10.00

Pytlowany, Prokop A Anna, Milford, Conn.

Tymm, Julius A Anna Lucille, Hyarrsville, Md.

Dubik, Michael A Mary, Brentwood, Md.

10/12/8 0

Lancaster, N.Y.

St. Basil

2

7

773.00

10/19/8 0

Niagara Falls, N.Y.

St. AAory

11

6

4,195.00

 

10/26/8 0

Lockawonna, N.Y.

 

Our Lady of Perpetual Help

22

6

21,515.00

10.00

Zebnik, Adelo, Silver Spring, Md.

11/

2/8 0

Utico, N.Y.

St. Volodymyr

2

9

702.00

 

In Memory of tho departed Wolodymyr Salufc of Parma,

Ohio

l

l /

9/8 0

11/15/8 0

11/16/8 0

Amsterdam, N.Y. St. JohruvUle, N.Y.

St. Nicholas Immaculate Conception/BVM

9

  • 30 11,404.00

1

25.00

 

Rome, N.Y.

St. AAichael

1

2

330.00

 

S80.00

Paschyn, Bohdan A Kwrtoslawa, Silver Spring, Md.

 

11/16/8 0

Little Falls, N.Y.

St. Nicholas

 

3

5

3,042.00

 
 

25.00

Baxarko, Nestor A Martha, Wheaton, Md.

 

11/23/8 0

Watervliet, N.Y.

St. Nicholas

26

  • 31 16,306.00

25.00

Bihun, Andrew A Lesia, Wheaton, Md.

 

25.00

Gawdiok, Ihor A Natalie, Silver Spring, Md.

 

11/30/8 0

Cohoes, N.Y.

 

SS.

Peter and

f aul

10

  • 15 3,443.00

 

20.00

Knyih, Wolodymyr A Apolonia. Wheaton, Md.

12/14/8 0

Troy,

N.Y.

Protection of BVM

 

9

  • 10 5,700.00

 

12/21/8 0

Yorkton, Sask.

Mother of Perpetual Help

7

  • 1 4,425.00

 

In memory of the departed Theodore falat of Rochester,

N.Y.

12/31/8 0

Winnipeg,

Manitoba

St. Joseph

3

  • 9 4,760.00

1/25/8 1

 

SS.

Peter and Paul

 

2

  • 1 4,350.00

S50.00 Folat, Michael A Sharon, Springfield, Va.

 

2/

1/81

Saskatoon, Sask. New Britain, Conn.

St. Josaphat

 

14

  • 13 8,880.00

 

2/

8/81

Ludlow, Mass.

SS.

Peter and Paul

 

4

  • 8 1,650.00

 

In memory of the departed fwonka Dackiw of No w York, N.Y.

 

2/

8/8 1

S.

Deorfiold, Mass.

Holy Ghost

 

3

  • 4 1,695.00

2/15/8 1

2/15/8 1

2/22/8 1

Hartford, Conn.

 

St. Michael

36

  • 18 27,800.00

   

St. John the Baptist

 

3

  • 2 2,910.00

 

SI00.00 Kormeluk, Prof. Mykolo A Maria, Silver Spring. Md

Glastonbury, Conn. Terryville, Conn.

St. AAichael

30

  • 12 19,247.00

In memory of the departed John Karlinchak of Arlington

Vo.

3

/

1/81

Willimantfc, Conn.

Protection of BVM

11

  • 10 7,605.00

 

3

/ 8/8 1

Colchester, Conn.

St. AAory

7

  • 4 4,497.00

 

525.00

Derk Irby Family, Arlington, Va.

 

3/15/8 1

Bridgeport, Conn.

Protection of BVM

13

  • 7 10,005.00

25.00

Tymm, Julius