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FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

ARCDOX
Ralph Montague BArch MRIAI
Architect, Managing Partner, ArcDox Chairman RIAI Practice Committee for BIM Coordinator CITA BIM Group

A New Approach

BIM | Building Information Modelling


ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |
28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

BIM - Building Information Modelling


!! A New Approach !! Planning !! Design !! Construction !! Operations

BIM

WHAT WHY HOW


28 March 2013

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

BIM Its All About the Information


!! How Do We? !! Create !! Manage !! Exchange

INFORMATION

CONSTRUCTION

Paper Currency

DESIGN

OPERATIONS
28 March 2013

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

BIM A New Approach?


!! PEOPLE, PROCESS & TECHNOLOGY
Investors Client Representatives Property Managers Bankers Services Consultants Owners Accountants Facilities Managers Quantity Surveyors Solicitors

Project Managers Specialist Consultants Architects Design

Project Building Information Modelling Engineers Energy Performance Construction Drawings Contractors Project Programming Investment Property Schedules Cost Estimating Sub-Contractors Facility Specifications Space Usage Documents Manufacturers Product Data Operations & Maintenance Suppliers Tenants Users Maintenance Manuals

B I M

Operations & Maintenance Contractors Visualisation Structural Analysis

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

What is BIM?
!! Address Inefficiencies of Current Documentation Systems
!! !! !! !! Multiple Documents/Applications !"#"$%&'()*# Manual Coordination Excessive Checking Prone to Human Error
*+0.'3'.%/',(*#

Multiple Documents

Manually Multiple PROJECT Software DOCUMENTATION Coordinated Information Applications

!! !! !! !!

Labour Intensive Costly & Time Consuming Reduced Quality Increased Liability

Multiple Designers
*.20"-10*# +$,"-./',(#"0/%'1*#

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

What is BIM?
!! Object-Based Modelling (not line-based drawing)
Bathrooms Kitchen 3D Components & Assemblies Roof Doors Windows

!! Virtual Buildings Assembled from Objects with Intelligent Building Data


Structural & Core Elements

Floors

Walls The BIM Model Furniture & Fittings

Building Elements

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

What is BIM?
!! Fully Coordinated Drawings and Information Schedules !! Information Extracted from a Single Model/Database
Details Plans Drawings Sheets

Renderings The BIM Model

Schedules

Elevations

Building Analysis Information

Sections

NBS Specification

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

What is BIM?
!! Manage Building Information within a Model Database
!! Single Intelligent Database !! 3D Object Based Modelling !! Automatic Coordination
!"#"$%&'()*# INTELLIGENT INPUT *+0.'3'.%/',(*#

4"#5'*-%1'6%/',(#

7-'1"'()#%(%18*'*# BIM Model COORDINATED OUTPUT

!! !! !! !!

Reduced Labour/Time Reduced Cost Improved Quality Reduced Liability

*.20"-10*#

+$,"-./',(#"0/%'1*#

9-%(/'/8#/%:0;,33###############.1%*2#"0/0./',(#

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

What is BIM?
!! Level 2 BIM Sharing Models for Coordination Review

Site/Civil Model

Architectural Model

Structural Model

Services Model

3D Coordination

4D Sequencing

5D Cost Control

6D Sustainability Analysis

7D Facilities Management
28 March 2013

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

10

BIM - Impact on Design & Construction


!! BIM Workflows & Information Exchange
!! Streamline fragmented work processes in construction !! Seamless exchange, integration & management of project information !! Achieve quantum improvements in programme, productivity & quality
Architect Civil Structural Engineer Architect Civil Structural Engineer

Building Owner

Building Owner

Facilities Manager

Services Engineer

Facilities Manager

Shared Project Model

Services Engineer

Contractor

Quantity Surveyor Project Manager

Contractor

Quantity Surveyor Project Manager

Information Chaos

Shared Project Model

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

11

BIM- Impact on Design & Construction


!! Shift Design Effort Reduce Cost of Resolving Problems
Shift Design Effort Problem Area

EFFORT

Traditional Process BIM Process

DESIGN

DOCUMENT

CONSTRUCT
Source: Patrick MacLeamy HOK

TIME

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

12

BIM - Impact on Design, Construction & Operations


!! Loss of Information/Knowledge !! Digitally Capture Tacit Knowledge and Design Decisions !! Digitally Transfer Information through the Project Lifecycle

DATA

INFORMATION

DIGITAL
Print/Issue Tender Drawings

LOSS
Print/Issue Handover Drawings
OPERATORS

BIM

PAPER
DESIGNERS CONTRACTORS

TIME

Source: Bernstein/Autodesk

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

X
28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

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BIM - Impact on Design & Construction


!! US Bureau of Labour Statistics 2007 Productivity Index !! Productivity in Construction has decreased 20% over 40 years !! Productivity in other industries has increase by over 100% !! Failure to Adopt & Develop Modern Processes & Technology
200 (Index 1964 = 100) Other Non-Farming Industries

PRODUCTIVITY

150 100 50 0 1964 Construction Industry Productivity 1972 1984 1992 2000

YEAR

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

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BIM - Impact on Design & Construction


!! Technology Adoption Manufacturing vs Construction

Progress ! Digital Design ! Component Parts ! Machine Assisted Assembly

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

15

BIM - Impact on Design & Construction


!! Address Economic & Environmental Issues in Construction !! Attack the Waste Factor in Construction
!! Buildings Cost Too Much to Build !! Buildings Cost Too Much to Operate !! Buildings responsible for 50% of CO2 Emissions

!! Over 30% of the cost of construction is wasted in the field due to:
!! !! !! !! !! !! !! duplication of effort abortive work disconnected workflows coordination errors wasted material labour inefficiencies other problems in the current construction approach

30%
WASTE COST OF CONSTRUCTION

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

16

BIM - Impact on Design & Construction


!! Accumulated Benefits of BIM !! Stanford University, Centre for Integrated Facilities Engineering
!! !! !! !! !! !!

Study of 32 major projects using BIM (2007), outlining benefits: Up to 40% elimination of unbudgeted change. Up to 80% reduction in time taken to generate a cost estimate. Cost estimation accuracy within 3%. A savings of up to 10% of the contract value through clash detections. Up to 7% reduction in project time.
BUILDING INFORMATION MODEL BUILDING ASSEMBLY MODEL BUILDING OPERATION OPTIMIZATION MODEL

!! planning & design !! construction !! operations & maintenance

BENEFIT

!! Significant Reduction of Costs:

BIM
"1
DESIGN

BAM
"20
BUILD TIME

BOOM!
"60
OPERATE

!! Who Gets the Most Benefits?

Source: Patrick MacLeamy HOK

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

17

BIM - Impact on Design & Construction


!! Benefits of BIM to Projects !! Improved Quality of Design/Construction Documentation !! Earlier/Quicker Decision Making and Design Freeze !! Better Pre-Construction Coordination
"! Clash Detection "! Accurate Building Performance Analysis "! Accurate Cost & Quantity Analysis "! "! "! "! "!

!! Better Construction Planning

!! Greatly Reduced Project Risk & Waste

Fewer RFIs Better Delivery Scheduling More Off-site Construction & Pre-Fabrication Reduced amount of Re-work on Site Improved Productivity/Efficiency on Site

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

18

BIM - Impact on Design & Construction


!! Better Process = Better Outcomes !! Strategic Project Objectives
!! !! !! !! Cost Certainty Value for Money Effective Delivery Risk Management 3D BIM Design & Coordination Review

6D BIM Performance Analysis TIME 4D BIM Programme Sequencing

SCOPE QUALITY

7D BIM Facilities Management COST 5D BIM Quantity Take Off


28 March 2013

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

19

BIM - Impact on Design & Construction


!! Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) !! Coordinated Collaboration Between all Project Stakeholders !! Management of Building Information throughout Project Lifecycle
The BIM Model

.1'0(/*# F)"02%65,$71"1% G,+"$":01%-,5,90405(% .,(/$%./,$*# !$,1@%80(0+:35% C3)<%'+@0D*$"59% -,5*2,+(*)0E/)3(3(7B"59% +$,<0./#=%(%)0$*# /@,1"59%&%/$,55"59% A0B3):59%

%$.2'/0./*# 801"95%&%/)0105(,:35% !351()*+:35% 83+*405(,:35% % 0()'(00$*# !"#"$%&%'()*+(*),$% -./%'0)#"+01% /0)23)4,5+0%65,$71"1%

+>?@AB

C# 1DEABFBGA

9-%(/'/8#*-$508,$*# -,(0)",$%;,<0=>?1% !31(%65,$71"1%

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

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RIAI/CITA BIM Workshop


!! Showcase Integrated and Collaborative Working in BIM
3D BIM Model on Screen Laptops On Meeting Table (No Paper) Instant Access to Sophisticated Information and Analysis Digitally Recording Decisions in Real-Time

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

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BIM Impact on Property & Facilities Management


!! BIM to FM Information / Data Exchange !! Design ! Construction ! Operations & Maintenance
FIMS (Facilities Information Management Systems)

EDMS
Electronic Document Management System Drawings Documents Warranties Contact Details

BMS
Building Management System Equipment Controls

CAFM
Computer Assisted Facilities Management Spaces Areas Use People

CMMS
Computerized Maintenance Management System Maintenance Schedules Work Orders

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

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BIM Impact on Property & Facilities Management


!! COBie - Construction Operations Buildings Information Exchange
!! Capture and Record Project Handover Data !! Designers provide Floor, Space, and Equipment Layouts etc !! Contractors provide Equipment Make, Model, Serial, Warranty etc

www.bimtaskgroup.org/cobie-uk-2012/ ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |
28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

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BIM Impact on Property & Facilities Management


!! BIM + Soft Landings !!Align Design & Construction with Operational Asset Management
Soft Landings means designers and constructors staying involved with buildings beyond practical completion, to assist the client during the first months of operation and beyond, to help fine-tune and de-bug the systems, and ensure the occupiers understand how to control and best use their buildings
Pre-handover

Inception and Briefing

Virtuous Circle
Feedback

Professional Aftercare

www.bimtaskgroup.org

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

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BIM Impact on Property & Facilities Management


!! BIM for Existing Buildings !! Digitize, Rationalize, Consolidate, Amalgamate Data !! Analyse, Optimize, Upgrade, Reconfigure, Renovate, Re-Purpose
!"#"$%&'()*# 3%.'1'/'0*# =%(%)0=0(/# *8*/0=*# 0H'*/'()# ",.-=0(/%/',(# *.20"-10*#

EDMS BMS CAFM

4"#1%*0$#*.%(# +,'(/#.1,-"#

The BIM Model

COBie

CMMS

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

25

BIM Impact on Property & Facilities Management


!! Trends in Access to Information !! Cloud Computing & Mobile Devices !! Review and Update on the move !! Digital Fabrication !! Augmented Reality

DESIGN CONSTRUCTION OPERATIONS

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

26

Global Initiatives
!! BIM in the UK

#Government, as a client, can derive significant improvements in cost, value and carbon performance, through the use of open sharable asset information#
UK BIM Strategy Task Group (www.bimtaskgroup.org) ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |
28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

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Global Initiatives
!! UK BIM Strategy 2011: BIM Mandatory on Public Project by 2016
!! Minimum Level 2 BIM, COBie Data Drops at Key Stages !! www.bimtaskgroup.org

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

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BIM Adoption
!! BIM Adoption Surveys

US

UK Germany France

Ireland

71%
2012
McGraw Hill Construction

36%
2010
McGraw Hill Construction (31% NBS 2011)

16%
2011
RIAI BIM Survey

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

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BIM in Ireland
!! CITA BIM Group The Meeting Place for BIM in Ireland !! 20 Industry Stakeholder Organisations Officially Represented !! 3000 Online Members, Discussion & Free Resources !! 10 No. Discussion Workshop in 2013 !! International BIM Gathering 14-15 November
!! !! !! !! Investigate the Benefits Address the Issues & Obstacles Promote Adoption & Communicate Joined-up Thinking Network with other Professionals with interest in BIM

!! www.CITA.ie

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

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BIM In Summary
!! Building Information Modelling !! A Process (not software) Creating & Sharing Information !! Streamlined Workflows & Improved Collaboration/Communication !! Production of Coordinated & Reliable Documentation !! Reduced Uncertainty, Waste & Risk = Better Outcomes !! All About the Information the i in BIM !! Used by All Stakeholders throughout the Projects Lifecycle
OWNERS FACILITIES MANAGERS MANAGEMENT CONTRACTORS SUB-CONTRACTORS DESIGN ARCHITECTS ENGINEERS ANALYSIS SURVEYORS PROJECT MANAGERS

3D BIM Data
CONSTRUCTION

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

31

BIM in Ireland
!! BIM = Opportunity !! Ireland Small Agile Market !! Industry Can Adapt/Adopt Quickly !! Become World Class !! Attract International Business !! Property/Facility Managers: !! Do You Want Better Buildings !! Do you Want a Better Process !! Do You Want Better Data !! Get Involved! Ask for BIM! ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |
28 March 2013

FM Ireland 2013 | BIM Building Information Modelling

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About ARCDOX
!! Enabling & Supporting Improved Design & Construction BIM Process !! Specialist BIM Consultancy Practice (RIAI Registered est. 2009) !! Project Support Services Consultancy | Production | Support | Training
!! !! !! !! Pre-Design Stage Design Stage Construction Stage Post-Construction

www.ARCDOX.com

ARCDOX| Architecture | Documentation | Building Information Modelling | Implementation Support & Training |

28 March 2013