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AULA TIMUR

BANDUNG INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

1.0 INTRODUCTION

Aula Timur is located in Bandung Institute of Technology, Bandung,

Indonesia. It is owned by Faculty of Architecture. Bandung is renowned for its large

stock of Dutch colonial architecture; most notably the tropical Art Deco architectural

style. (Refer Appendix G)

Henri Maclaine-Pont is among the first Dutch architects who realized how

important to combine each architectural style with culture of local people. He

stressed that modern architecture should be evolved from local history and native

elements. In 1920, Pont planned and designed buildings for the first technical

university in the Dutch East Indies, Technische Hogeschool te Bandung (the present-

day Institut Teknologi Bandung), after which he was named as a professor in

architecture at the university. A striking local Javanese roof style is noticeably seen

on top of the campus' ceremonial hall, embedded in his artwork.

The survey has been done on 19th May 2008 to 22nd May 2008. The weather

is sunny and dry. The inspection has been done in the building itself and its

surrounding area. Information gathered from surveying, interviewing with the

technician, surfing the internet and refer lecture notes.

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AULA TIMUR
BANDUNG INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

2.0 DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY

Information about the description of the Aula Timur has been gathered from

the meeting with the representative from Faculty of Architecture, ITB and some other

information from Wikipedia.

2.1 Type and Age

Aula Timur is a hall which have traditional concept in its architectural design.

This building use timber as its main element of its construction while masonry,

concrete, and glass have been used at several other elements of this building such

as staircases, window, doors and wall. This building is approximately 90 years of age

as it is constructed in 1918 and established in 1920. Aula Timur is currently used as

hall for any official ceremony held at ITB.

2.2 Accommodation

This building consists of five rooms which are surau, store room, VIP room,

cultural center room and technical room besides space provided for hall area.(Refer

Appendix C)

2.3 Tenure and Occupation

About tenure status, information gathered show that the building is owned by

Faculty of Architecture, ITB on a freehold basis.

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AULA TIMUR
BANDUNG INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

3.0 LOCATION

Aula Timur is located at Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB), Bandung,

Indonesia. (Refer Appendix A).It is owned by Faculty of Architecture, ITB. It is

established on 1920 and has a good general character. The accessibility to this

unique hall is quite good because it is located in ITB, which have a well-organized

development. Aula Timur is not including in conservation area in Bandung.

3.1 Orientation

Aula Timur is situated in the East of ITB. The coordinate for Aula Timur on

earth is 6°53'32"S 107°36'39"E. (Source: Google Earth)

3.2 The Site and Surrounding Areas

The topography of Aula Timur and its surrounding areas is corrugated. There

are no risks of flooding and erosion in this area because Bandung is situated at

mountains area. There are also no springs, culverts, retaining walls, mining and

quarrying in this area.

3.3 Local Factors

Adjoining properties with Aula Timur is Bandung Institute of Technology

because Aula Timur is located in the institute itself. There is no nuisance near Aula

Timur because it has academicals environment surrounds it. There are also no flight

paths, railways and industry near to this building.

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AULA TIMUR
BANDUNG INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

3.4 Trees and hedges

There are trees around the building that can give fresh air to the environment.

However, the decorative landscape that are planted near to the gutters and rain

water down pipes have affect the system. These are because the trees have been

blocked the gutters and rainwater down pipe.(Refer Appendix H: Figure 5.0)

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AULA TIMUR
BANDUNG INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

4.0 CONSTRUCTION AND CONDITION

Aula Timur building construction consisting main roof, external walls, internal

walls and partitions, floor, ceilings, windows, doors, joineries and timber structures.

4.1 Constructional principles

The main load bearing structures that holds the building is concrete and brick.

It is found that the superstructure and substructure adequacy is in good order. The

future risks that the building holds, will be in good condition if it has a proper

maintenance work for the building. Where else, the main defects can be found on

certain parts and has become a matter of concern for maintenance work (Refer

Appendix C).

4.2 Main Roof

Henri Maclaine Pont combined the architectural style with culture local of

people. The main roof signifies the Dutch colonial in Bandung. It uses the pitched

roof. A pitched roof is a roof structure where the roof leans to one side of the building.

It is being supported by the rafters which is located inside the building. The rafters

are often connected into the wall individually or even supported on a wall. Rafters are

typically made of wood for traditionally purposes. (Refer Appendix F)

The condition of the present roof is in a good state as seen; this shows the life

expectancy of the roof is for long term usage.

4.3 External walls

External walls can be seen from the outside of the building. Along the external

walls covers throughout the whole building, defect such as dirt and crack can be

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AULA TIMUR
BANDUNG INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

seen on the walls. As the colour of the wall is white, and that make dirts are easily

spotted on it. There are no other types of defect can be found on the external walls.

4.4 Internal wall and Partitions

For the internal walls, the same goes previously for the external walls. There

were no critical types of defects found. There was dirt caused by human touch or

impact from other materials.

It uses curtain for partitions inside Aula Timur, to cover up the backstage area.

It is found that the curtain was not being washed for a long time. There were no

proper maintenance being done, these may caused Sick Building Syndrome to the

occupants.

4.5 Floors

Floor is generally the lower horizontal surface of the main hall. Flooring is the

work of installing a floor covering. Tile is the main feature for the floor covering. The

tiles being used in Aula Timur is the marble material, and it reforms ceramic slurry,

which is cast in a mould and fired. There are no structural movements. Cracks can

be found at certain places. There are cleaner staffs that clean up the floor daily to

keep the floor tidy for everyday use. This is one of the maintenance work shown.

4.6 Ceilings

The ceiling part was found in good order. There were some minor parts which

need to be given extra attention, such as hole was found (Refer Appendix C). These

damages the image of the building if it is not being maintenance treated.

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AULA TIMUR
BANDUNG INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

4.7 Windows, doors and joinery

As the frame of windows and doors are made of timber, the most common

defect can be found is, the timber easily decays. This may caused by the material

being used does not last long.

4.8 Finishes and decorative

Finishes such as the paint can be found stained causes by humid air,

construction works. Main color of finishes is white which leads to dirt.

For the decorative part, the lighting system is considered as a part of the

decorative section. As it uses chandelier lamps for decorative purposes in Aula Timur.

The chandeliers work as it were meant to be. There were no faulty in the lighting

system.

4.9 Timber Defects

The location of where timber defect commonly happens can be found on the

floor plan (as marked). 70% of the building material is made of timber; this signifies

the historical building during the Dutch colonial.