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Growth Hormone (GH) (Protein)

Hormone Type: PeptideWhere Synthesized and Released From: anterior pituitaryTarget Organ and Function: - increase bone and muscle growth - increase cell turnover rate Hormone Type: Peptide Where Synthesized and Released: hypothalamusTarget Organ: anterior pituitary Function: modify activity Hormone Type: Peptide Where Synthesized and Released From: anterior pituitary Target Organ: mammary gland Function: increase milk production Hormone Type: peptide - TROPIC Where Synthesized and Released From: anterior pituitaryTarget Organ: thyroid Function: increase synthesis and release of TH Hormone Type: peptide - TROPIC Where Synthesized and Released From: anterior pituitaryTarget Organ: adrenal cortex Function: increase growth and secretory activity (secrete cortisol) Hormone Type: Peptide - GONADOTROPIC Where Synthesized and Released From: anterior pituitary Target Organ and Function: - Ovary: stimulate ovulation - Testes: stimulate testosterone synthesis Hormone Type: Peptide - GONADOTROPIC Where Synthesized and Released From: anterior pituitaryTarget Organ and Function: - Ovary: stimulate follicle development Testes: stimulate spermatogenesis Hormone Type: Peptide Where Synthesized and Released From: Posterior PituitaryTarget Organ: kidney Function: promote water retention Hormone Type: Peptide Where Synthesized: Hypothalamus Neurons and transported toWhere Released From: Posterior Pituitary into BloodTarget Organ and Function: - Breast: stimulate milk letdown - Uterus: contraction at birth Hormone Type: Peptide Where Synthesized and Released

Releasing and Inhibiting Factors (Peptide)

Prolactin (Peptide)

Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)

Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) (protein)

Luteinizing Hormone (LH) (Protein)

Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) (Protein)

Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH, Vasopressin) (Protein)

Oxytocin (Protein)

Thyroid Hormone (TH,

thyroxine) (modified AA)

From: ThyroidTarget Organ and Function: - child: necessary for physical and mental development - adult: increase metabolic rate and temperature Hormone Type: Peptide Where Synthesized and Released From: Thyroid C CellsTarget Organ and Function: - bone and kidney: lowers serum [Ca2+] Hormone Type: Peptide Where Synthesized and Released From: ParathyroidsTarget Organ: bone, kidney and small intestine Function: raises serum [Ca2+ Hormone Type: Peptide Where Synthesized and Released From: ThymusTarget Organ and Function: - T cell development during childhood Hormone Type: Peptide Where Synthesized and Released From: Adrenal MedullaTarget Organ and Function: sympathetic stress response (rapid) Hormone Type: Steroid Where Synthesized and Released From: Adrenal CortexTarget Organ and Function: - longerterm stress response - increase blood [glucose] - increase protein catabolism - decrease inflammation and immunity; many other Hormone Type: Steroid Where Synthesized and Released From: adrenal cortexTarget Organ and Function: - kidney: increased Na re-absorption to increase b.p. Hormone Type: Steroid Where Synthesized and Released From: Adrenal CortexTarget Organ and Function: not normally important, but an adrenal tumor can overproduce these, causing masculinization or feminization Hormone Type: Peptide Where Synthesized and Released From: Beta Cells - PancreasTarget Organ and Function: decreased blood [glucose] - increased glycogen and fat storage Hormone Type: Peptide Where Synthesized and Released

Calcitonin (Protein)

Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) (Protein)

Thymosin (Children only) (Protein)

Epinephrine (Modified AA)

Cortisol (one of glucocorticoid) (Steroid)

Aldosterone (one of mineralocorticoid) (Steroid)

Sex Steroids (Steroid)

Insulin (beta cells secrete) (Protein)

Glucagon (alpha cells

secrete) (Protein)

From: Alpha cells - PancreasTarget Organ and Function: increased blood [glucose] - decreased glycogen and fat storage Hormone Type: Peptide Where Synthesized and Released From: Delta cells - PancreasTarget Organ and Function: inhibits many digestive processes Hormone Type: Steroid Where Synthesized and Released From: TestesTarget Organ and Function: - male characteristics; spermatogenesis

Somatostatin (SS - delta cells secrete) (Protein)

Testosterone (Steroid)

Estrogen (Steroid)

Hormone Type: Steroid Where Synthesized and Released From: ovaries/placentaTarget Organ and Function: - female characteristics; endometrial growth Hormone Type: Steroid Where Synthesized and Released From: Ovaries/PlacentaTarget Organ and Function: endometrial secretion, pregnancy Hormone Type: Peptide Where Synthesized and Released: HeartTarget Organ and Function: - kidney: increased urination to decrease b.p. Hormone Type: Protein Where Synthesized and Released From: kidneyTarget Organ and Function: - bone marrow: increased RBC synthesis

Progesterone (Steroid)

Atrial Natruiretic Factor (ANF) (Peptide)

Erythropoetin (Protein)