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# Basic Chemical Engineering

Lecture - 2

## Basic Concepts of Chemical Engineering

Units & Dimensions
What are Dimensions:
Dimensions are our basic concepts of measurement such as length, time, mass, temperature, etc. But dimensions alone cannot suffice for our requirements. We need to quantify these concepts of measurement for our day to day use.

## Basic Concepts of Chemical Engineering

Units & Dimensions
What is a Unit:
A unit of measurement is a definite magnitude of a physical quantity, defined and adopted by convention and/or by law, that is used as a standard for measurement of the same physical quantity. Unit is how you define a quantity under discussion. If we say that weight of the computer is 10 kilogram, weight of the computer is the quantity under discussion & 10 kilogram is its unit. Similar Common examples of Units are meter, Co, Km/hr, etc. Units are determined relative to a physical quantity, which is taken as a standard.

## Common Systems of Units

Over time a lot of international unit systems have evolved, few of which are in use worldwide.

## Basic Mathematic Operations on Units

Add or Subtract Units & Dimensions are SAME
5 kilograms + 3 kilograms = ? 10 kilograms 6 joules = ? 20 kilograms + 10 pounds = ? Possible Not Possible Possible

## Basic Mathematic Operations on Units

Multiply or Divide Units are NOT SAME
But You cannot cancel them with each other unless they are the same.

Not Possible

## Unit Conversion & Conversion Factors

Conversion Factors

## Unit Conversion & Conversion Factor

Dimensional Equation Example 1.2:
If a plane travels twice the speed of sound (assume that the speed of sound is 1100 ft/s), how fast it is going in miles per hour? Practice Yourself: Convert 20 gal/hr to m3/s.

## Unit Conversion & Conversion Factor

Example 1.3:
Change 400 in3/day to cm3/min.

## Units for Constants Used in Equations

Units for Constants vary according to the System of Units being used. Let us consider the example of the equation F ma F=Cma

F m a

## Units for Constants Used in Equations

Example 1.4 Use of gc:
One hundred pounds of water is flowing through a pipe at the rate of 10 ft/s. What is the kinetic energy of this water in (ft)(lbf)? Practice Yourself: What is the potential Energy in (ft)(lbf) of a 100 lb drum hanging 10 ft above the surface of the earth with reference to the surface of the earth?