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Physiology 3rd quiz Nervous system

Describe the organization and function of the nervous system Describe the cells of the nervous system, and indicate their function Classify neurons according to function Sketch a neurone and identify key anatomical features Relate cellular and structural specifications in the nervous system to their functional relevance Describe myelin, the process of myelination and the role of myelin Describe the process which information is transmitted along and between neurons including The mechanisms by which an action potential passes along a neurone The process of neurotransmitter release once an AP reaches the axon terminal The effects of neurotransmitter release on the prost-synaptic neruone The classes of neurotransmitters, giving examples of post-synaptic consequences Predict the effect on general CNS function of agents that cause IPSPs and EPSPs Identify mechanisms designed to protect the CNS Describe the organization of the brain i.e. brain regions and their structure and function Describe the path by which information travels from the periphery to the brain, the regions where it is processed, and how an output is generated Indicate the brain regions involved in the processing of complex behaviors such as sensory perception, motor function, emotion and speech. Predict the effect that discrete damage to an individual brain region may have upon behavior or body function Describe in detail the roles of the sympathetic and parasympathetic branches of the autonomic nervous system Name the neurotransmitters released and the receptors activated if given an example of a synapse in an autonomic or somatic pathway (e.g. sympathetic neuroeffector junction) Describe the physiological consequences of activation of sympathetic and parasympathetic pathways leading to the major peripheral organs List examples of stimuli detected by the sensory system; modalities Describe how information about relevant environmental stimuli is converted into an action potential in an afferent neurone Indicate the differences between sensation and perception Describe the factors involved in the primary processing of sensory information

Physiology 3rd quiz Nervous system


Describe the organization and function of the nervous system An organization of signaling cells the CNS and neurons that leave/enter the spinal cord (peripheral nervous system) -neurones are specialized cells capable of generating and passing on a message to the body, or from the body to the brain.

Describe the cells of the nervous system, and indicate their function Neurones (10-20%) Promote rapid communication of electrical signals; pass on electrical signals, usually via the release of neurotransmitters across the synapse. Glial cells Schwann cells, satellite cells, oligodendrocytes, astrocytes, microglia, ependymal cells Support cells that provide appropriate environment for neuronal activity Classify neurons according to function Relate cellular and structural specifications in the nervous system to their functional relevance Soma contains the nucleus, various organelles. Dendrites receive incoming information Axons carry outgoing information; transmit electrical signals (NT) Myelin sheath provides resistance to current leak Describe myelin, the process of myelination and the role of myelin Describe the process which information is transmitted along and between neurons including The mechanisms by which an action potential passes along a neurone The process of neurotransmitter release once an AP reaches the axon terminal The effects of neurotransmitter release on the prost-synaptic neruone The classes of neurotransmitters, giving examples of post-synaptic consequences Predict the effect on general CNS function of agents that cause IPSPs and EPSPs Identify mechanisms designed to protect the CNS 1. Bone cranium, vertebral column 2. Meningeal layers 3. Fluid cerebrospinal fluid (CSP), interstitial fluid 4. Blood brain barrier

Describe the organization of the brain i.e. brain regions and their structure and function Describe the path by which information travels from the periphery to the brain, the regions where it is processed, and how an output is generated Indicate the brain regions involved in the processing of complex behaviors such as sensory perception, motor function, emotion and speech.

Predict the effect that discrete damage to an individual brain region may have upon behavior or body function Describe in detail the roles of the sympathetic and parasympathetic branches of the autonomic nervous system Name the neurotransmitters released and the receptors activated if given an example of a synapse in an autonomic or somatic pathway (e.g. sympathetic neuroeffector junction) Describe the physiological consequences of activation of sympathetic and parasympathetic pathways leading to the major peripheral organs List examples of stimuli detected by the sensory system; modalities Describe how information about relevant environmental stimuli is converted into an action potential in an afferent neurone Indicate the differences between sensation and perception Describe the factors involved in the primary processing of sensory information