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TABLA DE CONSTRUCCION DE LOS TIEMPOS

Q Pregunta What, Where, Why, When, How.

TIEMPO
Present Simple

(+) FORMA AFIRMATIVA


I (we, you, they) live. He (she, it) lives. Yo vivo, el vive

(-) FORMA NEGATIVA


I dont live. He doesnt live. No vivo, no vivas Q Q

(?) FORMA INTERROGATIVA


Do you live? Does he live? Vives tu?, Vive l?

COMENTARIOS
1. Actividades diarias 2. Hbito 3. Con palabras always, often, sometimes, never, every day, . Verbo en forma simple 1. Accin terminada en el pasado 2. Con palabras last week, yesterday, 2 days ago, in 1980 Verbo en pasado 1. Accin en futuro 2. Con palabras tomorrow, next Sunday,. Will + verbo (forma simple) Accin planeada To be going to + verbo (forma simple)

Past Simple

I lived. regular vebs They went. irregular verbs Yo vivi, ellos fueron

I didnt live. They didnt go. Yo no vivi, ellos no fueron I wont go. He wont stay. Yo no ir, l no se quedara

Q Q

Did you live? Did they go? Viviste tu?, Fueron ellos?

Future Simple

I will go. He will stay. Yo ir, l se quedara

Q Q

Will you go? Will he stay? Iras tu?, Se quedar l?

Idiomatic Future

I am going to sleep. He is going to play. They are going to eat. Yo voy a dormir, l va a jugar, ellos van a comer.

I am not going to sleep. He isnt going to play. They arent going to eat. Yo no voy a dormir, l no va a jugar, ellos no van a comer.

Q Q Q

Are you going to sleep? Is he going to play? Are they going to eat? Vas a dormir?, Va l a jugar?, Van a comer?

Present Progressive

I am talking. He is waiting. They are working. Estoy hablando, l est esperando, I (he, she, it) was working. They (we, you) were working. Estaba trabajando,. I will be sleeping. They will be eating. stare durmiendo He has gone. They have left. El se ha ido, Ellos han salido

I am not talking. He isnt waiting. They arent working. No estoy hablando, l no est esperando, I wasnt working. They werent working. No estaba trabajando,. I wont be sleeping. They wont be eating. No estar durmiendo He hasnt gone. They havent left. El no se ha ido, Ellos no han salido

Q Q

Are you talking? Is he waiting? Are they working? Ests hablando? Est l esperando? Was he working? Were you working? Estaba l trabajando?

1. Accin en el momento 2. Con palabras now, at the moment To be + verbo + ing

Past Progressive

Q Q

Future Progressive

Q Q

Will you be sleeping? Will they be eating? Estars durmiendo? Has he gone? Have they left? El se ha ido?, Ellos han dejado (salido)?

1. Accin continua en un momento del pasado 2. Con palabras when, while, as Was (were) + verbo + ing 1. Accin continua en un momento del futuro Will + be + verbo + ing 1. Accin terminada en el pasado sin decir cuando sucedi 2. Accin comenzada en el pasado y no terminada 3. Con palabras since, for, yet, already, just, never, ever Have / Has + Past participle Accin en el pasado antes de otra accin en el pasado Had + Past participle Accin en el futuro antes de otra accin en el futuro Will have + Past participle

Present Perfect

Q Q

Past Perfect

Future Perfect

She had washed. They had gone. Ella haba (hubo) lavado, Ellos haban ido I will have seen. They will have bought. Yo habr visto, Ellos habrn comprado

She hadnt washed. They hadnt gone. Ella no haba (hubo) lavado, Ellos no haban ido I wont have seen. They wont have bought. Yo no habr visto, Ellos no habrn comprado

Q Q

Q Q

Had she washed? Had they gone? Haba (hubo) ella lavado? Haban ellos ido? Will you have seen? Will they have bought? Habrs visto?, Habrn ellos comprado?

Present Perfect Progressive

He has been waiting. They have been working. l ha estado esperando Ellos han estado trabajando He had been waiting. They had been working. El haba estado esperando. Ellos haban estado trabajando. I will have been waiting. They will have been working. El habr estado esperando. Ellos habrn estado trabajando.

Past Perfect Progressive

Future Perfect Progressive

He has not been waiting. They have not been working. l no ha estado esperando Ellos no han estado trabajando He hadnt been waiting. They hadnt been working. El no haba estado esperando. Ellos no haban estado trabajando. I wont have been waiting. They wont have been working. El no habr estado esperando. Ellos no habrn estado trabajando.

Q Q

Has he been waiting? Have they been working? Ha l estado esperando? Ha ellos estado trabajando? Had he been waiting? Had they been waiting? Haba el estado esperando?, Haban ellos estado esperando? Will he have been waiting? Will they have been working. Habr l estado esperando?, Habrn ellos estado esperando?

Q Q

Accin en progreso que ha comenzado en el pasado y contina en el presente. Se pone acento en la duracin de la accin. Con las mismas preposiciones como Present Perfect. Accin en progreso que ha comenzado en el pasado antes de otra accin en el pasado. Se pone acento en la duracin de la accin.

Q Q

Accin en progreso en el futuro que ha comenzado antes de otra accin en el futuro. Se pone acento en la duracin de la accin.