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Kinematics and Dynamics of Mechanisms and Robot Lab session 3 SolidWorks Motion Valve-Cam

2011

T H E L A B O R A T O R Y S E SS I O N 3 F O R D Y NA M I C S O F M E C H A N I S M S A N D RO B O T S C O U R S E
I. Lab Objective

Lab session 3 demonstrates how SolidWorks Motion handles intermittent contact problems. You will analyze an engine overhead cam system using different 3D contact options and ensure that the rocker does not lose contact with the cam without applying excessive force. You will also review the effects of faceting on contact results.

Figure 1- Val ve-Cam

Tran Thi Luyen ttluyen@ait.ac.th

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Kinematics and Dynamics of Mechanisms and Robot Lab session 3 SolidWorks Motion Valve-Cam

2011

The camshaft an the rocker will rotate about the axes of their respective revolute joint connecting them to their respective bearing (defined as ground body). The camshaft is driven by a motor of constant velocity of 600 rpm. The rocker will rotate and push the valve going down and up.

II.

Lab Assessment

The scoring structure mentioned here is for this Lab only; final Lab score will be combined from all individual Lab scores. If in group, score will be same for all students in group. In case a student is absent, he (she) will not get the Attendance score. However, he (she) still can get other scores if he (she) submits (shows) the completion of assignments to the Lab Instructor by the time students are working specified by the Lab Instructor. No group score is applied for absent student. Criteria Attendance Completion of Lab session 2 Total Score (percent) 20 80 100

III.

Lab Setup

Convention: inches are used as units in this Lab session. To change the unit to inches for a document, select Tools | Options | Document Properties | Units | MMGS (millimeter, gram, second) Use the Solidworks 2009 software to open the file Crank-Slider.sldasm in Lab 1. Choose from pull-downs menu: Tools Add-ins and click Solidworks Motion in both boxes then click OK to active this software.

IV.
Adding the Rotary Motor

Using SolidW orks Motion

Tran Thi Luyen ttluyen@ait.ac.th

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Kinematics and Dynamics of Mechanisms and Robot Lab session 3 SolidWorks Motion Valve-Cam

2011

Click the Motor button from the Motion Toolbar to bring up the Motor window as Figure 2. Choose Rotary Motor. Move the pointer to the graphics area, and pick a circular are defines the rotation direction of the rotary motor as shown in Figure 3. You may change the direction by clicking the direction button right under Component/Direction. Choose on the top of the dialog

Constant speed and enter 600 RPM for speed. Click checkmark box to accept the motor definition.

Figure 2

Figure 3

Defining Spring

Tran Thi Luyen ttluyen@ait.ac.th

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Kinematics and Dynamics of Mechanisms and Robot Lab session 3 SolidWorks Motion Valve-Cam

2011

Click the Spring button from the Motion toolbar to bring up the dialog box. In the Spring dialog box (Figure 4), the empty field right underneath the Spring parameters label is active for you to pick entities do define ends of the spring.

Figure 4

Tran Thi Luyen ttluyen@ait.ac.th

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Kinematics and Dynamics of Mechanisms and Robot Lab session 3 SolidWorks Motion Valve-Cam

2011

Figure 5

Figure 6

In the Spring dialog box, enter followings: Stiffness: 0.1 Length: 60 mm Coil Diameter: 10 mm Number of coil: 5 Wire Diameter: 2.5 mm Click the checkmark to accept the definition and close the Spring dialog box. A spring node (LinearSpring) should appear in the MotionManager tree. Defining 3D Contact We defined the contact between Camshaft and Rocker, and between Rocker and Valve.

Tran Thi Luyen ttluyen@ait.ac.th

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Kinematics and Dynamics of Mechanisms and Robot Lab session 3 SolidWorks Motion Valve-Cam

2011

Figure 7 3D contact between camshaft and rocker

Figure 8 3Dcontact between rocker and valve.

Now all initial conditions are set up. Click Calculate button simulate the motion. Save and Reviewing Result

from the Motion toolbar to

We will create four graphs for the mechanism: Graph of Valve Position, graph of Valve Velocity, graph of Valve Acceleration, Magnitude of the Contact Force between the Rocker and the Camshaft, graph of Reaction Force between the top of the valve and the socket face of rocker. Tran Thi Luyen ttluyen@ait.ac.th Page 6

Kinematics and Dynamics of Mechanisms and Robot Lab session 3 SolidWorks Motion Valve-Cam

2011

Figure 9- Magnitude of the Contact Force between the Rocker and the Camshaft (600 RPM)

Now we change the angular velocity of the camshaft from 600 RPM to 2000 RPM. Run simulation and plot the result of Magnitude of the Contact Force between the Rocker and the Camshaft. From this result we see since the contact force is zero for a period of time, the plot shows that the spring is not strong enough to retain the motion at the higher RPM. In the motion study, the rocker loses contact with the cam.

Figure 10

Figure 11

The motor is too fast. We can adjust the spring to control it. Tran Thi Luyen ttluyen@ait.ac.th Page 7

Kinematics and Dynamics of Mechanisms and Robot Lab session 3 SolidWorks Motion Valve-Cam

2011

1. Right-click the LinearSpring2 (MotionManager design tree) and select Edit Feature. 2. Change the Spring Constant to 10.00 N/mm. 3. Click . .

4. Click Calculate

5. The contact force plot is updated automatically.

Figure 12

Save your model. This manual is referred to SolidWorks tutorial.

Tran Thi Luyen ttluyen@ait.ac.th

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