Anda di halaman 1dari 46

Inside this issue:

Exquisite automation
Prepare for the worst
Ringing the changes
Withdrawable switchgear
EMPLOYERS LOOK ABROAD TO
MEET UK SKILLS REQUIREMENTS
EATON COMPLETES PURCHASE OF MOELLER GROUP
The Confederation of British Indus-
try (CBI) has published the results of
a new annual audit of the nation's
skills.
The CBI/Edexcel Education &
Skills Survey 2008 of 735 firms, em-
ploying 1.7 million people between
them, identifies skills gaps in the
workplace, reveals the skills em-
ployers value the most and spot-
lights how employers are managing
to source highly skilled people with
the right qualifications.
The 32% of jobs currently requir-
ing degree-level education is likely
to grow, as the UK continues to
move towards an economy built on
value-added services, high-tech and
knowledge-based firms. Firms em-
ploying people with skills in science,
technology, engineering and mathe-
matics ('STEM skills') are consider-
ably more likely to demand a
specific degree subject - 77% of
construction companies, 65% of
manufacturers and 61% of energy
and water firms, compared to an
average of 30% across all sectors.
There is high demand for STEM
graduates in all sectors - 92% of
firms want people with these skills.
By 2014, it is expected the UK
will need to fill 730,000 extra jobs
requiring highly numerate, analyti-
cal people with STEM skills, making
a net total of 2.4 million of these
jobs in six years' time. Yet currently,
59% firms employing STEM-skilled
staff say they are having difficulty
recruiting, and the low take-up of
STEM subjects at university is a
large part of the problem. There has
been a 15% fall in engineering and
technology graduates over the past
decade.
Employers are acting rationally
by looking abroad to hire STEM
graduates. A third (36%) of larger
firms are recruiting from India and
24% from China. Larger firms are
twice as likely as smaller ones to
be looking at the expanded EU,
which includes states such as
Poland, to hire people with STEM
degrees. Overall, a third of firms
(35%) say they will look to Europe
in the next three years.
Factory automation Page 12 Electrical flashover Page 22 17th Edition Page 28
Test & measurement Page 32
May 2008 Volume 241 No5
RAISING THE ROOF
Magelis touch-screen HMI
terminals from the
Telemecanique brand of
Schneider Electric are playing a
key role in an upgrade to the
systems that control the
opening and closing of the
overall roof at the Millennium
Stadium in Cardiff. The main
user interface is provided by a
15 XBT GT Magelis colour
terminal, while 5.7 XBT GT
terminals have been installed in
each of the roofs four winch
houses to provide local
monitoring and control facilities.
The HMI terminal replaces an
obsolete SCADA system with a
CRT-type display that had
become difficult to maintain
and impossible to upgrade. For
this application, a Magelis XBT
GT unit, with its SCADA features,
high-resolution screen and
analogue touch input facilities,
was a cost-effective choice.
For the latest news, products and event information visit the NEW www.electricalreview.co.uk
ELECTRICAL
REVIEW
Eaton Corporation has announced it
has completed the purchase of The
Moeller Group.
This acquisition, coupled with our
acquisition of Phoenixtec Power
Company, solidifies Eatons position as
a leading global supplier of electrical
power distribution and control
products and power quality
equipment and systems, said
Alexander M Cutler, Eaton chairman
and chief executive officer. Now
these acquisitions have closed, our
electrical business will have annual
revenues in excess of $7.5 billion. In
addition, Eatons non-United States
revenues, based on final destination
of our products, will be between 55
and 60%.
Additionally, Cutler continued,
The Moeller Groups broad portfolio
of power distribution and control
products that meet International
Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)
standards, its European and Asian
distribution networks, and its
significant Eastern European
production facilities significantly
expand our capabilities in electrical
markets outside the United States.
British Energy Group plc
www.electricalreview.co.uk 03
The Institution of Engineering and Technology
(IET) has won gold and bronze awards for its
Faraday 08 Technology for Life campaign.
The awards were presented by the
International Visual Communications
Association (IVCA) on Friday 4 April.
Gold was awarded to the IET in the
education category for its documentary film
Faraday 08 Technology for Life. Judges said,
It was a powerful, educational and
beautifully executed film where complex
subjects were transformed into riveting
viewing to make engineering truly
glamorous.
In the e-learning category, bronze was
awarded for the IET Faraday 08 website an
inspiring collection of interactive and
traditional media, covering a wide range of
topics, resulting in a very engaging and
informative presentation.
Jan Stapleton, IET Manager, Education 5
19, said, Were very pleased to win these
awards. Bringing engineering and technology
to life to a teenage audience can be
challenging; the judges use of words in their
citations powerful, riveting, glamorous
shows that, with the help of the right creative
team, anything is possible!
The IVCA Awards are internationally
recognised benchmarks for effective
communications. They are judged by over 130
jury members who are leading practitioners
within the communication industry, business,
the Arts, Government and related sectors.
The programmes were produced with the
IET by Radley Yeldar with EdComs. There was
a specific brief to create a resource around
the theme of engineering in health which
would bring engineers and technologies to
life for a demanding teenage audience.
BWEA, the UK wind, wave and tidal energy
trade association, has welcomed the launch of
the Draft Marine Bill and has voiced its
support for the Bill's aim to create a new
planning framework for the offshore
environment.
The association is calling on the
Government to ensure that the Draft Marine
Bill balances conservation concerns with
sustainable economic needs, such as
renewable energy.
Maria McCaffery, BWEA chief executive,
said: "We welcome the Bill, which will provide
much needed stability and clarity for the
marine environment. However, the sea isn't
just an environmental asset, it has to be a
sustainable economic one as well."
The Bill will create Marine Conservation
Zones (MCZs) for offshore habitats and
wildlife, with a new government agency, the
Marine Management Organisation (MMO)
setting planning policy.
BWEA supports the creation of MCZs, but
believes the location and management of
MCZs should be decided by the Marine
Management Organisation, with input from all
stakeholders, including nature conservation
agencies and other sea users, such as
renewable energy developers.
BWEA is seeking a clear commitment to
sustainable development in the MMO's remit,
which will ensure that offshore planning
policy will allow for the siting of the 5,000-
6,000 wind turbines needed to meet the UK's
renewable energy targets and tackle climate
change.
McCaffery added: "Britain's potential to
develop offshore wind resources and reach
the Government's renewable energy targets,
must be place at the heart of the Draft Marine
Bill. The Marine Bill should promote
sustainable development and that includes
economic activity, such as offshore
renewables."
IET TAKES GOLD AND BRONZE MEDALS
WIND INDUSTRY WELCOMES MARINE BILL
CONTENTS
03 | NEWS
08 | TECHNOLOGY TO
MARKET
10 | GOSSAGE
12 | FACTORY AUTOMATION
16 | SWITCHGEAR
TECHNOLOGY
22 | ELECTRICAL FLASHOVER
28 | 17TH EDITION
32 | TEST & MEASUREMENT
35 | PRODUCTS
39 | RECRUITMENT
41 | CLASSIFIED
The food and
drinks industry
finds essential
support in
automation
systems in order
to flexibly diversify
production and
improve the
management of
processes
The risk of exposure
to electric arc is a hot
topic when working
with electricity. It is
crucial to prepare for
the worst possible
scenario
Following on from
last months report
on the 17th
Edition,we highlight
some of the changes
that will have the
most impact on the
electrical industry
Dr Sima Adhya with some of the students involved in
the Technology for Life campaign.
The 2008 National Training Awards (NTA)
celebrated the achievements of the building
services engineering (BSE) sectors top talent at a
ceremony hosted by SummitSkills.
Skilled apprentices, engineers, and management
personnel took to the stage in front of employers,
college representatives, and trade leaders, in
recognition of their hard work and commitment to
high standards. All industries of the BSE sector were
represented with award categories in plumbing,
electrotechnical, heating and ventilating and air
conditioning and refrigeration.
The eighth NTA ceremony welcomed guest
speaker Kriss Akabusi MBE, who presented each
winner with their award, certificate and 125 of
retail vouchers, courtesy of EMTA Awards (EAL). In
addition, bursaries and scholarships were
presented to selected winners to aid further
education.
The event also gained the backing of David
Lammy MP, skills minister, who congratulated
winners through a special video link.
SummitSkills vice-chairman, Stuart Lyon took up
the role as host and MC, paying tribute to the
sectors finest: I would like to congratulate all of
our winners who have demonstrated dedication,
expertise, and superb results that both their
employers and the sector can be truly proud of.
Building services engineering presents high
achievers with a promising and rewarding career
path, and thanks to the shining examples we have
seen today, the future looks bright for a highly
skilled UK workforce.
Details on the winners can be found at
www.electricalreview.co.uk or by visiting
http://www.summitskills.org.uk/awards/348.
BSE SECTORS TOP TALENT CELEBRATED AT LONDON
AWARDS CEREMONY HOSTED BY SUMMITSKILLS
POWERING ALL ROUND ENTERTAINMENT AT THE O2
04 Electrical Review May 2008
NEWS
The O2 Arena, housed in the former Millennium
Dome (now the O2) is one of the largest multi-
purpose indoor arenas in Europe. It has a capacity
of up to 23,000 and features 360 seating offering
unobstructed views of the arena floor.
The development, serving as a venue for music,
sport and entertainment is designed to adapt to
meet various demands.
FS Cables supplied a number of specialist cables
to the 600m project. The thing that really strikes
you is the sheer size of the project, said Lee
Girdler from the contractor sales team. From talk-
ing to the guys on site, the real challenge was the
inability to use cranes within the Dome itself. They
had to construct the roof, erect it, and then build
the arena around it.
He added, The bowl effect achieved by the
360 seating really captures the sound and light.
Its a real showcase development and its impor-
tant we supply cable that matches the level of per-
formance required.
The LF-329 screened flexible low-smoke halo-
gen-free (LSHF) power cable was chosen to pro-
vide power to parts of the arena. Its flexibility
enables easy installation and the dual foil & braid
screen protects from electro-magnetic radiation
and potential corruption of other cables or equip-
ment at both high and low frequency.
To meet the need for high performance light-
ing without compromising safety, a LSHF Mode
Lighting cable was used. High level catwalks
housed the lighting and lighting controls which
illuminate the arena.
A range of LSHF alternatives to Belden style ca-
bles were used for data transmissions to equip-
ment including scoreboards and control panels.
Some fibre cables for carrying high speed data for
telecoms were also supplied.
Alternator and electric motor specialist,
Amco Marelli has announced a change of
operating name to Marelli UK with effect
from 31 March 2008. The move reflects
closer integration with the Italian
manufacturing plant, MarelliMotori, and the
continued strengthening of the Marelli brand
within the FKI Energy Technology Group.
General manager, John Attenborough said:
The name change enables us to build on
the existing success of our UK and Ireland
operations, while enabling the Marelli brand
to be strengthened worldwide. It also
safeguards jobs and I can confirm that all
existing commercial relationships with
suppliers and customers will remain
unaffected by the change.
Manufacturer of uninterruptible power
systems, Borri S.p.A, will now have
representation in the UK following the
setting up of Borri UK, an exclusive
distributor of Borri products. Nottingham
based Borri UK has a nationwide team of
sales and factory-trained technical
personnel who will focus on providing
resellers and end users with high levels of
customer support. Previously, Borris
products were sold under the brand name
of its former owner, the US based Eaton
Powerware. Under a management buy out
in 2005, Borri S.p.A was returned to its
former owners who have since focused on
building the Borri brand with product
enhancement and through geographic
scope.
IN BRIEF
Photograph courtesy of Colin Philip
www.electricalreview.co.uk 05
NEWS
The Lamp Company has supplied in excess of 300 lamps for re-lamping
floodlights at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff. The lamps were purchased by
Electric Centre in Cardiff, which has a contract with the stadium for supply of
light sources.
Solar technology in buildings: Design-
ing, installing and maintaining solar
solutions, is the title of a conference
to take place on 29 May at Cibse, Bal-
ham, London.
With climate change high on
everyones agenda, solar energy is
becoming an ever more attractive
and useful option. Launching the
Cibse Solar Energy Knowledge Series,
this one-day event will look at tech-
nologies available for capturing solar
energy and will illustrate their appli-
cations with live case studies. The
issue of costs and pay-back times
will be covered, as will commission-
ing, installation and maintenance re-
quirements.
Speakers will include:
Architects
Solar and sustainability consultants
Solar engineers
Renewable energy professionals
Renewable energy charities
Heating and boiler companies
Roof tiles and fittings specialists
For further information or to book
a place at this event, please contact
the Cibse events department on 020
8675 5211.
FINDING THE SOLAR SOLUTION
A group of companies across Europe
and North America have united to
form the EnOcean Alliance, with the
aim of enabling intelligent, green
buildings, based on EnOcean energy
harvesting, wireless technology.
The Alliance chose the light+building
show in Frankfurt for the official
launch.
Founding promoters of the
Alliance include MK Electric, Distech,
Masco and Thermokon.
In wireless building automation
the self-powered wireless EnOcean
technology has, to date, over 70
shipping customers, 300 available
products and tens of thousands of
equipped buildings, many with
thousands of interoperable nodes.
"The EnOcean Alliance will provide
significant advantages to members
through the use of future-oriented
maintenance-free wireless
monitoring and control technology,"
commented Graham Martin, founder
of the EnOcean Alliance. "Building
professionals benefit from unlimited
flexibility by allowing selection of a
broad base of interoperable products
thus enabling simple, speedy and
cost-attractive adaptation to
changing requirements." For further
details on this consortium visit
www.enocean-alliance.org.
ALLIANCE FORMED TO CREATE
RANGE OF WIRELESS PRODUCTS
06 Electrical Review May 2008
EDITOR
Elinore Mackay 020 8319 1807
elinorem@stjohnpatrick.com
ADVERTISEMENT MANAGER
Neil Coshan 020 7933 8979
neilc@stjohnpatrick.com
DESIGNER
Tania King 01689 822484
taniak@stjohnpatrick.com
CLASSIFIED SALES EXECUTIVE
Matthew Dawe 020 7933 8980
mattd@stjohnpatrick.com
PAID SUBSCRIPTION ENQUIRIES
Tel: +44 (0) 844 8440230
saintjohnpatrick@servicehelpline.co.uk
ELECTRICAL REVIEW SUBSCRIPTIONS
Dovetail Services (UK) Ltd
800 Guillat Avenue,
Kent Science Park
Sittingbourne, Kent,
ME9 8GU, UK
SUBSCRIPTION RATES:
UK 160.00 per year,
Overseas 195.00
(EU 300.00 US$360).
Electrical Review is a controlled circulation monthly
magazine available free to selected personnel at the
publishers discretion. If you wish to apply for regular
free copies then please write to:
Electrical Review Subscriptions
P O Box 6009, Thatcham,
Berkshire, RG19 4TT
Tel: +44 1635 879361
Fax: 01635 868594
Email: ebyles@circdata.com
Electrical Review is published by
Laurence Pountney Hill
London EC4R 0BL
020 7933 8999
EDITORIAL DIRECTOR
Melony Rocque
PUBLISHING DIRECTOR
Chris Cooke
PUBLISHER
John Owen
PRINTING BY
William Gibbons
ISSN 0013-4384
All editorial contents Saint John Patrick
Publishers Ltd 2008. Jan-Dec 2007 8,798
PEOPLE
NEWS
Frank Schlosser has been appointed to the
new position of sales director for Baldor-
Dodge-Reliance in Europe. He will manage
the European feld sales and customer
support staf for the companys three major
electric motor and power transmission
brands. Schlosser joins from Rexnord, where
he spent over 10 years with the power
transmission vendor as regional sales
manager for Germany, Austria, Switzerland
and Southern Europe. Prior to this, Schlosser
worked in engineering and technical sales
roles for machinery companies, after
studying mechanical engineering at the
University of Bochum. A key element of
Schlossers role is to help automation
customers to realise reductions in the total
cost of ownership TCO presented by the
groups ability to provide complete motor
and power transmission solutions.
Keith Irwin has joined the Johnson
Controls team as business development
manager for systems & service, a position
that will see him further enhance high-level
relationships with end users, and continue
to raise the companys profle in the London,
Thames Valley and South-East areas. With
more than 27 years of sales experience, Irwin
brings a wealth of knowledge to the role and
is looking forward to the challenges it may
bring: Im delighted to be working with
Johnson Controls. My previous employment
and energy for the business means I am well
placed to further support the companys
growth strategy, and take it to new and
expanding markets. Most recently, Keith
has held senior positions dealing with utility
networks for new build sites, shopping
centres, and industrial developments, as well
as two years spent in mechanical and
electrical contracting for a subsidiary of
Scottish & Southern Energy. In addition to
his sales career, Keith is also a qualifed
lighting designer and a member of the
Institute of Management.
Yuasa Battery Sales UK has announced
the appointment of Steve Wheeler as
regional sales manager for its industrial
division. He will primarily be responsible for
the companys standby power application
sales activity in the North, East, East
Midlands and Ireland. Wheeler joins Yuasa
from a battery charging and power
enclosure background where he has over 12
years field sales experience.
Frank Schlosser Keith Irwin
Steve Wheeler
NICEIC has
announced it is
freezing all
registration fees for
2008/2009.
NICEIC has
made this decision
in recognition of
our customers
continued support
and the business
pressures every
one of our
contractors face, states Angus Moir, Chief
Operating Officer, NICEIC Group.
The price freeze is part of a larger offering
of a series of new added value products
and services. These include a welcome pack,
discounted workwear, special rates on vehicle
purchasing and leasing, a marketing support
pack, access to a recruitment website, identity
cards, and the use of a 24/7 legal advice and
support service. A dedicated team of advisors
will provide expert advice on legal matters
including interpretation of contract
documents and tax, guidance on contractual
disputes with customers and employees and
explanations of new, existing or revised
legislation. The support is available to use as
often as necessary.
We want to assure our customers NICEIC is
here to help build their businesses,
comments Angus. The electrical contracting
industry should be aware that registration
with NICEIC not only marks you out as the
best; it also provides you with the right tools
to do your job.
For more information on any of the services
mentioned telephone 0870 013 0382 or visit
www.niceic.com.
NICEIC REGISTRATION FEES FROZEN
Angus Moir, chief operating
officer, NICEIC Group
Rockwell Automation is introducing industrial ethernet
switches integrated with Cisco technology to manage
real-time control and information flow. The switch
portfolio also includes ethernet switch technology
embedded in Rockwell Automation and third-party
products, allowing for flexible topologies, as well as
unmanaged switches and physical media.
The portfolio includes modular managed,
embedded, fixed managed and unmanaged switches,
and deploys standard, unmodified ethernet, with
settings optimised for use in etherNet/IP applications.
The switches facilitate network convergence in
manufacturing and IT to create business efficiency,
agility and competitive advantage for manufacturers.
The modular switch line uses the current Cisco Catalyst
switch architecture and feature set, along with
powerful configuration tools, helping to provide secure
integration with the enterprise network for IT
professionals. At the same time, it allows for easy setup
and comprehensive diagnostics.
Rockwell Automation embeds ethernet switch
technology directly into automation equipment such
as programmable automation controllers, distributed
I/O and drives to allow for better configuration
choices for etherNet/IP applications, such as daisy-chain
and ring topologies.
The technology allows for high-performance ring
capability (make/break < 1ms), complete with
diagnostics. The hardware embeds popular switch
features useful in high-performance applications
without the need for configuration. These features
include IEEE-1588 time synchronisation, QoS
(prioritisation), SFTP for ring configurations (fault-
tolerance), IGMP snooping and cut-through.
Featuring simple setup and default configurations
for EtherNet/IP, this line of fixed managed switches
integrates setup and diagnostic information into Logix
using the Common Industrial Protocol (CIP). The small,
fixed form-factor provides four or eight copper ports
with an option for a fiber uplink to higher-level
networks. It is suitable for OEM machinery as well as
applications with distributed networked devices.
Unmanaged switches and a line of industrial media
are also available. These are industrial grade products
with four to eight ports that offer a variety of copper
and fiber options. The unmanaged switches are easy to
apply because they do not require any configuration.
Products are also available for more demanding
machine (IP67) applications.
ETHERNET SWITCHES INTEGRATED WITH CISCO
TECHNOLOGY TO MANAGE REAL-TIME CONTROL FLOW
TECHNOLOGY SUITED TO EXTREME TEMPERATURES
08 Electrical Review May 2008
TECHNOLOGY TO MARKET
The Celesco Outrigger series cable extension position
sensor is available with encoder or potentiometer
feedback and has a full-stroke measuring range of 0 to
5 metres. The durable and watertight IP67 rated unit
from Variohm Eurosensor features an impact and
chemically resistant polycarbonate housing that is
around half the size of similar performance string-
pot/draw- wire style position sensors.
The 2-channel optical encoder version requires a 24
VDC supply and includes a robust TTL level line driver.
Resolution over the full measuring range is 10 pulses
per mm +/- 10% and the operational temperature
range is -40C to +90C.
The potentiometric version is available for regu-
lated 4..20 mA or 0-10 VDC output. The cur-
rent output version has a working
temperature range of -40C to
+125C and the voltage output ver-
sion is able to operate in even
higher temperatures up to +150C.
The sensor has been designed to
withstand harsh industrial environments
such as winch and crane position feedback
systems and demanding applications as di-
verse as theatre automation, hospital patient handling
equipment and flood control systems The cable exten-
sion transducer principle, based upon a
simple spring loaded spool, a flexible
cable and a rotary sensor will toler-
ate a high level of misalign-
ment between the
cable and housing
which can be
mounted well away from the meas-
ured load. This makes the technology
suited to applications where excessive vi-
bration and extreme temperatures at the load
measurement point may restrict the use of LVDT, linear
potentiometers and other linear measurement devices.
Unit 5 Eagle Point, Telford Way, Wakefield 41 Industrial Estate, Wakefield, WF2 OXW
Tel: +44 (0) 1924 871 558 Fax: +44 (0) 1924 871559 Mobile: 0777 55 64 384 (24hours)
Email: craigwright@spec-ltd.com www.spec-ltd.com
SPEC
SPECIALIST POWER ENGINEERING CONTRACTS
SPEC Ltd has recently expanded its services to meet the indi-
vidual needs and demands of the customer.
Communication and a customer-focused approach are at the
heart of our service, with staff that are able to talk your language
and help you achieve your requirements effectively and safely to
your timescales and specifications.
SPEC Ltd have a proven track record of successfully working
with many service users from small businesses to large Blue chip
multinationals both UK and overseas.
SPEC has become known as a total service provider providing
the role of control, installation, operation and maintenance of
mains 415/11000/33000 V power networks.
Supply, installation, cabling, testing & commissioning of trans-
former and switchgear up to & including 33000 V.
Specialists in the movement and erection inc the de-commission-
ing, removal and disposal of transformers and switchgears up to &
including 33000 V.
Full measure term contract maintenance of 415 / 11000 / 33000 V
power networks.
Dedicated specialist HV & LV jointing services up to & inc 33000 V.
Specialists in transformers and switchgear up to & inc 33000 V.
All backed up with a 24/7/365 dedicated call out service.
www.spec-ltd.com
10 Electrical Review May 2008
G
o
s
s
a
g
e

G
o
s
s
i
p
100,000 IS THE MAGIC NUMBER
The headline was crystal clear. The new eet of
nuclear reactors will create 100,000 new jobs.
Who is saying this? None other than the rst
ever Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise and
Regulatory Reform Mr John Hutton himself.
Whom I note, despite having been a Cabinet
minister for many years, less than 1% of the public
could apparently identify from his photograph.
No matter. My point is not the apparent
obscurity of a senior government minister. Rather, it
is his use of unsubstantiated numbers. Where on
earth did this gure of 100,000 new jobs come
from?
Please note not just the absolute number. By
itself, 100,000 employees is a vastly higher number
of people than anybody had ever previously
seriously suggested would be working in and
around even a rejuvenated nuclear industry.
Please note these 100,000 new jobs are all
supposed to be additional jobs. That is, additional
to everybody currently working in the nuclear
industry. Or even providing ancillary services for
them, like catering or cleaning.
Please also note nobody in BERR seems
prepared to provide details explaining how their
Secretary of State came up with this calculation.
Except to point out to me that the speech in
question was given to a union conference. And that
not even Mr Hutton had suggested all 100,000 of
these mythical new jobs would be created in
Britain. I should be grateful if one of my many
devoted readers could clear up this mystery for me.
Incidentally, Huttons magic numbers appeared
on exactly the same day as the closure was
announced of the only nuclear reactor in the UK
designed for research and training. Imperial
College admitted it was unable to secure enough
commercial funding to maintain the Consort
reactor in Berkshire. A plea for yet further
subsidies?
WISHING WELL

OPINION

I remain full of admiration for the


entrepreneurial dynamism of
Durham-based John Everett. Who
he? He is a professional campaigner
on behalf of wind farms. That means
he hires himself out to prospective
developers, promising to organise
local groups which will campaign in
support of their proposals. His
website,
www.promotingwindenergy.co.uk, is
a mine of useful information about
campaigns with which he is involved.
Quite rightly, he makes no
apology for accepting money from
commercial interests to undertake
his activities. But because he has
done so, it has laid him open to
scurrilous personal attacks upon his
personal probity. The latest of these
appears in that reprehensible rag,
Private Eye. It would be wholly
remiss of any reader to visit, let
alone leave a message on, Mr
Everetts website wishing him other
than well in his endeavours.
Strange this. I recall when the
European carbon emissions trading
scheme was being introduced, we
were assured by all the economists
that the scheme would provide by far
the most effective way of delivering
reductions in greenhouse gases.
Now I see that, after the end of its
initial three year cycle, its sole
achievement has been actually to
increase emissions year-on-year. Rather
than decrease dramatically, as they
were supposed to do.
Instead, last year, between them the
12,000 installations covered across
Europe including every power station
actually increased the amount of
carbon burnt by 1.1%.
One silver lining: Ofgem estimates
between them the UK electricity
companies alone are
making 9bn
straight prot
from the trading
scheme. Glad
somebody is happy.
WIPED OUT ON
CROSSING
HAPPY DAYS
How do electricity supply companies get
more accurately, stay rich? Simple. Make
sure their customers use pelican crossings
as much as possible.
Correction. They make sure that their
more impecunious customers hang around
pelican crossings. Specifically, those who
dont pay their bills by standing order. But
instead use pre-payment cards, in order to
keep tight control of their expenditure.
Consider the case of a Mrs Shirley Jones.
Who lives in Cannock, in Staffordshire. She
has a pre-payment meter for her domestic
electricity usage. Her supplier is RWE, who
own N-Power.
Each week Mrs Jones puts credit onto her
top-up card at a local shop.
One week she changed the shop she goes
to. To get back home from this store , she
needed to use a pelican crossing. When she
got home, and slotted it into her meter, she
found that her card had absolutely no credit
on it. Which it most certainly did have, even
before she topped up the overall amount at
the shop.
I thought that was a bit weird. So I
went back to the shop. They confirmed that
the money had definitely been put onto my
N-Power card, said a puzzled Mrs Jones.
We went through all the possible causes
of my card having been wiped, and
eventually the manager discovered the
culprit. It was the pelican crossing that I
had walked past on my way back from the
shop.
Apparently the electronic bleeps in
pelican crossings have the capacity to wipe
these top-up cards, simply by you walking
past them with the card in your hand, she
concluded.
I gather that on this occasion RWE did in
due course refund the money. But it does
make me wonder just how many other
poorer households are being surcharged in
this curious way? I do not know. But I think
we should be told.
The role of automation in driving the worldwide growth
of the food and drinks industry has been recognised by
a number of major studies. According to Rexam
Consumer Packaging Research (2005) more than 70% of
the market for automated packaging systems is down to
the food and beverage sector making the production
processes of the companies operating in this sector
more efficient. This is achieved through integrated
systems such as Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES),
ERP and IT integrations combined with innovative
equipment and machinery equipped with devices such
as PLC, drives and Scada.
Production flexibility
But what are the most important dynamics which affect
the food and beverage business? Essentially there are
four important points to be examined closely:
Customer demand and satisfaction
Competition in the international market
Supply chain integration
The safety of operators, equipment and products
Customer demand and satisfaction
In order to meet new customer requirements and obtain
full satisfaction, production flexibility and agility are
essential. Automation and information systems facilitate
the production of new products and reduce time-to-
market through integrated architecture, connectivity and
scalability. Furthermore, these systems develop ongoing
processes, facilitate the management of raw materials,
and allow visibility of operations, thereby allowing a
higher quality standard to be achieved and reducing
rejects and waste materials.
Increasing competitiveness
The implementation of MES automation systems provide
significant support for the supervision and analysis of
production processes in order to identify the activities
necessary to reduce production costs. This involves data
collection of process parameters, monitoring of the
efficiency of machines (OEE calculation), traceability of
materials for the reduction of waste and the analysis of
energy parameters to control consumption. As a result,
this helps decrease machine downtime, extending the
knowledge of the equipment for maintenance personnel
thanks to specific training on applied automation
systems; improving the performance of the users and
reducing spare parts as well as the MRO cost.
A well integrated supply chain
Integrated information-based automation systems,
currently adopted on a vast scale, allow the monitoring
of production orders, the management of the flow of
raw materials and the connection of the plant to ERP
systems. Thanks to these tools, it is possible to visualise
in real time the status of production orders and
schedule production based on the availability of material
resources and equipment. The entire production system
machines, equipment and warehouse is directly
linked on an operational level to business systems, and
therefore the plant manager can examine the status of
the production process and help improve or modify the
flow in accordance with product requirements.
Safety and functionality
The increasingly complex regulatory framework which
imposes essential international safety requirements for
the factory environment underlines the importance of
sophisticated automation systems which provide the
safety of operators and the prevention accidents. Some
software functions safeguard applications and
connection networks from possible failures, damage and
intrusions which could halt production. The food and
drinks industry must conform to food safety and
12 Electrical Review May 2008
FACTORY AUTOMATION
THE FOOD AND DRINKS INDUSTRY FINDS
ESSENTIAL SUPPORT IN AUTOMATION SYSTEMS,
IN ORDER TO FLEXIBLY DIVERSIFY PRODUCTION
AND IMPROVE THE MANAGEMENT OF
PROCESSES. THIS IS TO THE FULL BENEFIT OF
COMPETITIVENESS AND SAFETY OF OPERATORS,
EQUIPMENT AND PRODUCTS SAYS CARLO
MARCHISIO, OF ROCKWELL
AUTOMATION, ITALY
Automation
systems can be
programmed to
react immediately
to production
variables
Exquisite AUTOMATION
regulatory compliance and thanks to the
implementation of software systems and procedures
that track operations and collect data, it is possible to
fulfil the requirements of regulatory agencies and
respect HACCP system regulations, in particular those
concerning traceability against bioterrorism activities
and EU 1:8/2002.
Summing up
Companies operating in the food and beverage sector
must be capable of rapidly adapting their processes in
order to produce whatever is necessary to
respond to consumer demands and introduce
new products onto the market. In this regard
automation systems can be programmed to react
immediately to production variables providing
reactivity and flexibility, while at the same time
providing an increase in sales and market share.
The capacity to reduce the variability of
processes, and guarantee the uniform quality,
reduces production costs with favourable
effects on profits. The speed with which
automation companies respond to user demands
makes them the ideal and established providers
for food and drinks manufacturers, since they
have, and are constantly increasing, the know-
how necessary to fully understand the sectors
problems and implement truly effective
solutions.
Carlo Marchisio is industry sales manager,
Consumer Goods, Rockwell Automation, Italy
FACTORY AUTOMATION
14 Electrical Review May 2008
FOR THE last decade, the UK switchgear industry has
focused on fixed pattern switchgear. This being despite
the fact its alternative withdrawable switchgear has
a reputation for being, where required, much easier and
safer to repair and maintain; particularly in process
orientated environments where power outages can be
extremely costly. In recent times however, withdrawable
switchgear has made a comeback as the industry has
begun to rediscover, understand and appreciate its
benefits.
This new switchgear, now available, is not vastly
different technology but changes in technical
requirements of users based on operational safety,
service continuity and maintenance needs have driven
subtle change.
In order to keep abreast with these changes, the
International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), a
leading global organisation that prepares and publishes
international standards for all electrical and electronic
related technologies, has developed a new standard for
medium voltage switchgear IEC 62271-200.
IEC 62271-200 is a standard for AC metal-enclosed
switchgear and control gear for rated voltages above
1 kV and up to and including 52kV. There are a number
of differences between the previous and new standard.
Contrary to its predecessor, IEC62271-200 no longer
classifies switchgear according to design features but on
the basis
of
functional
16 Electrical Review May 2008
SWITCHGEAR TECHNOLOGY
Withdrawable
switchgear
the RETURN
THE POPULARITY OF WITHDRAWABLE SWITCHGEAR
DECLINED CONSIDERABLY IN THE UK DURING THE LAST
TEN YEARS, BUT HAS RECENTLY BEEN MAKING A
COMEBACK. HOWEVER, ITS RISE IN POPULARITY HAS
RAISED CONCERNS ABOUT COMPLIANCE WITH NEW IEC
REGULATIONS. STEVE GOLDSPINK, SIEMENS
TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION, OUTLINES THE NEW
REGULATIONS AND TELLS THE UNTOLD STORY OF THE
RETURN OF WITHDRAWABLE SWITCHGEAR TO THE UK MARKET.
Withdrawable
switchgear has
made a comeback
as the industry
rediscovers its
benefits
characteristics. It demands a
detailed description of the
characteristics concerning the
aspects of service continuity,
maintainability and safety
classifications, which are all
of prime importance to the
user.
Introduced in 2003, it is a
legal requirement for all
switchgear built after 1
February 2007 to satisfy this
standard. IEC 62271-200
supersedes the previous
standard for medium voltage
switchgear IEC 60298 and
aims to remove some of the
ambiguities in this standard
by means of classifying
switchgear.
An increasing concern of
mine, however, is a number
of medium voltage
switchgear manufacturers in
the power transmission and
distribution industry may be
deterred from putting their equipment
through the appropriate testing procedures to
ensure it meets this standard, due to the significant
investment required in doing so. Whilst accurate
statistics are almost impossible to source, it is almost
certainly the case that some switchgear being
sold new into the UK market has not been
tested to the new standards, and is therefore
unlikely to be fully compliant with the new
standard.
In short, the ultimate benefit of the new IEC
62271-200 standard is to provide improved
classifications regarding the levels of operator
safety, service continuity and
maintainability features that
should not be overlooked.
The new switchgear utilises
well established, high
availability maintenance-
free vacuum circuit
breaker technology,
with operating cycles
far exceeding the
normal number,
meaning frequent
access to the circuit-
breaker is no longer an
ongoing concern for
the switchgear
operators. Additionally,
the vacuum arc-
quenching principle in
modern switchgear is
technologically superior to other arc-quenching
principles currently employed within the industry.
Furthermore, in line with the latest requirements of
the new standard, to ensure maximum operational
and functional safety, the circuit breaker and earth
switches are fully type tested inside the appropriate
switchgear panel and not as a standalone device to
ensure all functional influences are taken into account.
One particular area where safety is of critical
importance is internal arc tested equipment, an issue
which is gaining widespread awareness across the
world due to operator safety concerns. An internal arc
is a high resistance arc fault within the switchgear
enclosure due to disruptive discharges between
phases or phase to earth. Internal arcs can be created
by a variety of causes including insulation failures,
functional faults of devices and even negligence
during routine operation and maintenance. The result
however can be catastrophic, in that the arc reacts
explosively with the surrounding atmosphere, causing
a rapid increase in temperature and pressure which, if
uncontrolled, can be extremely hazardous to people in
the immediate area.
With the old IEC standard, much room was left for
different ways of carrying out the test and interpreting
the results. Although still an optional test in IEC 62271-
200, the new standard gives clear guidance on how to
perform the internal arcing test and defines the
acceptance criteria. More specifically, test conditions
are defined and are no longer subject to agreement
between the equipment manufacturer and the test
SWITCHGEAR TECHNOLOGY
The ultimate benefit
of the new
standard is to
provide improved
classifications
18 Electrical Review May 2008
20 Electrical Review May 2008
SWITCHGEAR TECHNOLOGY
laboratory. Ultimately, internal arc classification is only
granted if all criteria are met.
In addition, when an internal arc classification is
selected, all five internal arc criteria must be fulfilled
without exception. Firstly, covers and doors on the
switchgear must remain closed, with limited
deformations accepted. Secondly, no fragmentation of
enclosure must occur, with zero projection of small
parts above 60g in weight. There must also be no
holes in the accessible sides of the switchgear up to a
height of two metres and the horizontal and vertical
indicators used in testing must not ignite due to the
effect of hot gases. Finally, the enclosure must remain
connected to its earthing connections at all times.
The key now must be for manufacturers of
switchgear equipment to take their responsibilities
seriously and ensure all new switchgear being
produced goes through the appropriate testing where
required, and is re-classified in line with the new IEC
standard.
This is even more important given there is a general
skills shortage facing the industry. We are now in a
situation where more and more purchasers of
switchgear equipment are either outsourcing their
operations because of a lack of skilled engineers, or
being forced to employ a smaller team of engineers to
carry out the work. Both of these factors make health
and safety even more important in order to protect
those engineers operating and maintaining switchgear
equipment.
My advice to end-users is to demand the
switchgear they are purchasing meets the latest
testing criteria and all switchgear used has been
classified in accordance with IEC 62271-200. This is
the only way that users of switchgear in industrial
applications can have the peace of mind of being
able to select products which utilise the latest
developments in technology, safety, service continuity
and reliability.
Withdrawable switchgear is making a welcome
return to the UK market with process industries
benefiting from easier maintenance and repair, which
in turn can result in much reduced downtime.
However, any move to withdrawable switchgear
should only be contemplated when maximum
operator safety can be guaranteed. In effect this
means selecting equipment type-tested according to
IEC 62271-200.
A move should only
be contemplated
when maximum
operator safety can
be guaranteed
FLASHOVER
Equipment failure
has the potential to
cause an electric arc,
generating up to
30,000C in the core
plasma of the arc in a
split second
NOMEX fibre is used in
protective apparel to
help prevent burn injury
across a diverse range
of applications in the
industrial, emergency
response and military
sectors.
Prepare for the
22 Electrical Review May 2008
EMPOWER, a leading provider of training services to a
host of major UK utility and manufacturing companies,
is the UKs only Centre of Vocational Excellence (CoVE)
for Electrical Power. The company specialises in training
technical staff and engineers in everything from safety
management to cable jointing. Paul Reader explained,
There is a common misconception amongst people
who are highly experienced in electrical work that an
electric arc wont happen to them or if it does, it
wont be powerful enough for them to come to serious
harm. On the contrary, however low the risk, when
working with low or high voltage systems, equipment
failure and/or human error have the potential to cause
an electric arc generating up to 30,000C in the core
plasma of the arc - in a split second. When an electric
arc occurs, there is no warning, and in worst-case
scenarios, if inadequately protected, people can suffer
fatalities or burn injuries that can affect them and their
families for years..
Wearing personal protective equipment (PPE) as a
last resort is as important as carrying out risk
assessments and applying mechanical control measures
to reduce the risk of accidents. It is vital for people at
risk of exposure to electric arc or flash fire to put a final
protective barrier in place by wearing the appropriate
flame resistant clothing. As a CoVE, we strive for
excellence in everything we do and that includes
providing our delegates with the very best advice on
the very best PPE.
The purpose of protective clothing is to address the
thermal effects i.e. burn injury hazard of exposure
to flash fire and/or electric arc. Layered garments, made
of materials like Nomex from DuPont, can stand the arc
blast, absorb the bulk of the radiant heat energy caused
by electric arc or flash fire, and help minimise the burn
injury level through its inherent flame resistant
properties. Designed with a high level of safety and
comfort in mind, garment systems are evaluated
according to the International Electrotechnical
Commission (IEC) in the Standard IEC 61482-1. In
addition to meeting the performance requirements for
CE-certification, fabrics and garments made of Nomex
must be submitted to DuPonts testing facility in
Geneva, in order to qualify for partnership in the
Nomex Quality Programme (NQP) - which entitles
manufacturers to attach a Nomex label to a garment.
Here in Geneva, they undergo a series of special tests
and evaluations for heat and flame protection, heat
stress management, wear-life, comfort, aesthetics and
design.
THE RISK OF EXPOSURE TO ELECTRIC ARC IS
A HOT TOPIC WHEN WORKING WITH
ELECTRICITY. NO MATTER HOW MANY STEPS
ARE TAKEN TO MINIMISE THE POTENTIAL
FOR AN ACCIDENT, IT IS CRUCIAL TO BE
PREPARED FOR THE WORST, AS PAUL
READER, EMPOWERS ELECTRICAL TRAINING
SPECIALIST REITERATES WEEK AFTER WEEK
AT EMPOWERS PURPOSE-BUILT, 2 MILLION
TRAINING CENTRE, HOUSED BENEATH THE
COOLING TOWERS OF RATCLIFFE POWER
STATION IN NOTTINGHAMSHIRE
www.electricalreview.co.uk 23
WORST
ARC-MAN TESTING
The DuPont Arc-Man, a set-up consisting of a mannequin
or panels with built in temperature sensors on their
surfaces (skin), is used to test garments that are
designed to protect against the thermal effects of electric
arc. The mannequin, wearing the garment system in
question, or panels covered with fabrics, is exposed to an
electric arc in a controlled environment to test whether
the systems or single fabric layers can prevent second-
degree burns. The Arc-Man testing facility, uses a circuit
generator that can produce 500 MVA, 60 MJ. Arc currents
up to 15kA are possible with a duration in the range
between 100ms and 2 second.
Under these circumstances, there are two typical test
set-ups and procedures:
The international standard IEC 61482-1 (open arc
test), which is currently under revision (future IEC
61482-1-1) specifies two test methods to measure the
arc thermal performance value (ATPV) of materials or
garments.
The Method A is used to measure the fabrics response
to arc exposure when tested in a flat configuration.
Method B is used to measure the clothing response to
an arc exposure and shows the effects on the
garment, sewing thread, fastenings, fabrics and other
accessories when tested on a mannequin torso.
Testing is typically done with an open arc at 8 kA
and of varying arc duration in order to achieve the
desired incident energy onto the test specimen. The
ATPV is the value of the incident energy (usually given
in cal/cm2 or kJ/m2) on a fabric or material that results
in sufficient heat transfer through the fabric or
material to cause the onset of a second-degree burn
injury based on the Stoll-Chianta curve model. On a
basic level, when selecting a clothing system, the
higher the ATPV, the better the protection.
The second test set-up and procedure is covered in
the new IEC 61482-1-2:2007 (box test or arc in box
test), which supersedes ENV 50354:2001 and CLC/TS
50354:2003 (The two superseded standards did not
require heat flux measurements, but based the
performance rating only on visual evaluation of test
results). The test set-up consists of a bipolar
arrangement of electrodes which is surrounded by a
box, which is open on one side only. The effects of the
electric arc are thus constrained and directed towards
the one panel or mannequin positioned at the open
side in 30 cm distance from the centreline of the box.
The test has been designed to be carried out in two
fixed test classes (Class 1 or 2), selected by the amount
of prospective short circuit current (4kA or 7kA). The
test voltage 400V and the duration of the electric arc
500 ms are the same for both test classes. Materials
and clothing will be tested with two methods:
The Material box test method is used to measure the
material response to the exposure of an arc
constrained by the specific box of this test method,
when the material is in a flat configuration on top of a
panel. A quantitative measurement of the arc thermal
performance is made by means of the energy
transmitted through the material. The Garment box
test method is used to test the function of the
protective clothing after an arc exposure including all
the garment findings, sewing tread, fastenings and
other accessories, no heat flux will be measured.
DESIGNED TO DEFINE
The essential difference between the test methods of IEC
61482-1 (or the future IEC 61482-1-1) (open arc test)
and of IEC 61482-1-2 (box test) is that the open arc test
has been designed to define and evaluate a protection
parameter such as is the ATPV, which can be attributed
to a material or garment as a product specific protection
property, whereas the box test allows only a
classification of materials and garments into two arc
protection classes in case of exposure in front of a very
specific box: Class 1 (4 kA), Class 2 (7 kA). In practice
there can be higher risks than the Box-test Class 2,
different arc enclosing boxes, etc. The most common
classification of risks and protective clothing performance
according to ATPV values is given by the NFPA 70E
standard. It defines 4 risk categories and corresponding
arc ratings for protective clothing: Category 1: ATPV >
4cal/cm2, Category 2: ATPV > 8 cal/cm2, Category 3: ATPV
> 25 cal/cm2, Category 4: ATPV > 40 cal/cm2.
In any case, a risk analysis shall clarify the actual risk of
The Thermo-Man facility
demonstrates the
importance of wearing
adequate protection
when exposed to the
risk of heat, flame and
electric arc
FLASHOVER
exposure to an electric arc. And the
testing according to both above
mentioned IEC standards refers
only to the thermal effects of an
electric arc; it does not apply to
other effects like noise, light
emissions, pressure rise, hot oil,
electric shock, the consequences of
physical and mental shock, toxic or
other influences caused by the decomposition of
enclosures, etc.
But already the part of assessing the risk of
thermal exposure in terms of incident energy is not
an easy task. Elaina Harvey from DuPont Personal
Protection, explained, When talking about the
incident energy relevant for the evaluation of the
performance and the selection of arc-protective
clothing, one is actually talking about values of
incident energy per surface area, for example in units
of cal/cm2. The calculated incident energy, against
which protection is needed, comes from the end
users risk assessment. The incident energy will
depend on:
arc current i.e. fault value (kA)
arc voltage (V)
arc duration (milliseconds)
distance from worker to arc (cm)
electrode spacing (cm) and kind of electrode
material (copper, aluminium, iron)
whether single or triple phase electrical circuit
whether in an open or a box environment, and on
the dimensions and materials of the box.
HOW TO OBTAIN THE INCIDENT ENERGY VALUE
There are various ways end users can carry out a risk
assessment to obtain this calculated incident energy
value from simplistic free of charge computer
calculators to in-depth statistical studies. Meanwhile
several companies offer their help to carry out an arc
flash survey.
One of them is EmPower Training which can
provide advice in carrying out a risk assessment and
training courses.
EA Technology is an organisation that can carry
out an arc flash assessment to determine specific
incident energy levels and this is tailored to the end
users network and operation. Therefore, PPE is one
element of their arc flash study, other factors being
assessed includes the reduction in electrical
protection settings and network fault levels along
with the operational practices.
TAS Engineering Consultants has been carrying
out electrical arc flash hazard studies since 1995 and
has extensive experience in this field; the work is
tailored to suit the individual site and circumstances.
A typical approach is to survey the site electrical
distribution system, develop a single-line diagram,
carry out a protection setting study, then calculate
the electrical fault levels at each point in the system.
With this in place, TAS then analyse the potential arc
energy levels to IEEE 1584 parameters at each point
in the distribution system and advise on the
appropriate FR PPE to be used to safely operate the
electrical equipment at each point in the system.
Guidance is then given on rationalising all the
information into one or two levels of FR PPE for use
site-wide to cater for all circumstances.
As an example, if the end user risk assessment
requires clothing to protect from 22 cal/cm2 then
DuPont with the garment and fabric manufacturer,
can recommend layered systems to achieve the
protection required. If underwear is taken in to
account when recommending the system, steps must
be taken to ensure that employees are supplied with
and wear the undergarments. If not, it is important
to advise that, worn in high risk environments,
undergarments made from fabrics like polyester and
nylon (e.g. football shirts) can stick and melt onto the
skin and cause further burn injury in the event of a
flash fire or electric arc.
TAS uses two products that assist in the analysis,
and detection, of arcing faults. These are the Arc
Flash PTW software module, and the Falcon Arc
Detection System, both supplied by CEE Relays, part
of a protection relay manufacturing group.
CEE Relays has been supplying the Power Tools for
Windows (PTW) power system analysis software for
the last 20 years. The software consists of several
modules, including the arc flash module, allowing
users to quickly, and easily, calculate the incident
energy caused by an arcing fault, investigate ways of
reducing this energy, and identify suitable grades of
protective clothing. Using the full suite of PTW
software, CEE Relays also carries out all types of
power system analysis, including arc flash analysis,
and can also train engineers in the use of the
software. As well as a wide range of protection
relays, CEE Relays also supplies the Falcon Arc
Detection System. The arc detectors, which can be
retrofitted into existing switchgear, detect the light
created by an arc, and issue trip signals within 1ms.
This fast response time significantly reduces the
damage caused by an arcing fault.
Assessing the risk of
thermal exposure, in
terms of incident
energy, is not an
easy task
24 Electrical Review May 2008
The use of heat and flame
protective clothing made of
Nomex helped to reduce the
rate of accidental burn injury
over a four year period at a
large chemical plant in South-
West Germany
e-lec-tri-cal
*
check out our new website
*
www.electricalreview.co.uk
FLASHOVER
THERMO-MAN TESTING
It is also important to protect from flash fire, which
could occur after the arc incident, for example if there
are ignitable contaminates on the garments or around
the working environment. DuPont Nomex systems can
be assessed on Thermo-Man, a life-size mannequin
equipped with 122 heat sensors and exposed to a flash
fire with temperatures rising to 1000C. Data collected
from the heat sensors, both during and after exposure
to flames, predict the amount and location of second
and third-degree burns. The chance of survival rates
can also be predicted across certain age groups, which
is important information that can be used in helping
companies if they have an ageing workforce.
Harvey continued. PPE worn for protection against
the thermal effects of electric arc should provide
permanent flame resistance, not melt or ignite, resist
break-open during exposure and insulate the wearer
from heat so as to minimize burn injury. The principle of
selection of PPE is that the arc rating of PPE exceeds the
calculated incident energy of the arc for each specific
working environment identified during the risk
assessment. Garments made of Nomex are designed to
offer excellent protection and comfort. The meta-aramid
fibres do not drip or melt at high temperatures. The
Limiting Oxygen Index is approximately 28. Thus, when
exposed to flame at room temperature in a normal
environment, Nomex will not continue to burn and will
self extinguish, when the flame is removed. At
temperatures above approximately 427C Nomex
carbonises and forms a tough char. Garments have a
high resistance to ignition and break open and because
they are inherently flame resistant (as opposed to
having only a flame retardant coating), this protection is
permanent and cannot be washed out or worn away.
Reader from Empower said, As electrical training
specialists, we are keen to develop technical
partnerships with solutions providers and manufacturers
of safety clothing and equipment intended for use in
the utility and manufacturing industries. That way we
can understand how and why products are developed,
learn about the science behind the products and gain
first hand experience of how they react in various
environments, applications and situations. This
information can then cascade through us to end users
to improve their level of understanding of the risks and
their effects.
We were delighted to be invited to DuPonts
European Technical Centre in Geneva to learn more
about the technology behind Nomex and watch
garments made being put through rigorous electric arc
and flash fire tests. In comparative tests, flame resistant,
protective utility garments made of Nomex scored very
highly on the safety scale in relation to some garments
made of conventional fabrics, and often exceeded the
relevant European and International Standards. Through
working with their customers to develop new solutions
for the safety and protection of people at work,
companies like DuPont are instrumental in improving
the safety culture in todays working environments.
Large power and manufacturing companies are driving
the trend for better employee safety and thanks to this,
many more companies are starting to recognize the
importance of supplying protective workwear garments
that offer high performance characteristics.
Large power and
manufacturing
companies are driving
the trend for better
employee safety
FREE SEMINAR
On 1 July 2008, DuPont is hosting a
free of charge seminar at Empower
Training Services, Nottingham. It will
include an introduction to the new IEC
61482 series for garments and fabrics,
technical information from specialist
organisations, views from end users,
information on electric arc flashovers,
and how DuPont can help to protect
people exposed to the risk of burn
injury.
The day is aimed at electrical
engineers, safety and health or
procurement professionals wishing to
learn more about the technical aspects
of an electrical arc and the things to
consider when choosing PPE for this
type of hazard.
For more information please contact
Elaina.Harvey@gbr.dupont.com
26 Electrical Review May 2008
THE 17th Edition of IEE Wiring Regulations was
published in January 2008. Installations designed after
30th June 2008 are required to comply with BS 7671:
2008. As with the introduction of earlier Editions, the
17th Edition takes account of the evolutionary progress
of standards in the international and, more particularly,
in the European arena where it is necessary to
incorporate the changes agreed in CENELEC with our
European contemporaries.
This is a summary of some of the changes which are
likely to have the most impact.
Protection against electric shock
The terms direct contact and indirect contact, which
contractors have become accustomed to over many
years, have now been replaced by the concepts of basic
protection and fault protection, respectively.
Chapter 41 Protection against electric shock has
perhaps seen the most radical changes in terms of
layout and now incorporates requirements which were
previously included in Section 471.
The protective measures of automatic disconnection
of supply, double or reinforced insulation, electrical
separation and extra-low voltage provided by SELV or
PELV are recognised in BS 7671: 2008 (Regulation
410.3.3 refers) with the measure of Automatic
Disconnection of Supply being the measure that is
employed in almost every electrical installation. The
protective measure of Automatic Disconnection of
Supply was previously known as Earthed Equipotential
Bonding and Automatic Disconnection of Supply
(EEBADS).
For a 230/400V a.c. system, maximum disconnection
times for final circuits not exceeding 32A are now 0.4s
for a TN system and 0.2s for a TT system. 5s
disconnection times (TN systems) and 1s disconnection
times (TT systems) are only permitted for final circuits
exceeding 32A, distribution circuits and street lighting
circuits.
Where the protective measure of Automatic
Disconnection of Supply is employed, socket-outlets
with a rated current not exceeding 20 A for general use
(by ordinary persons) are now required to be provided
with additional protection by means of an RCD with a
rated residual operating current In of not more than
30mA. Similar protection is required for mobile
equipment with a current rating not exceeding 32A for
use outdoors. An exception is permitted for socket-
outlets for use under the supervision of skilled or
instructed persons, eg. in some commercial premises or
a specific labelled or otherwise suitably identified
socket-outlet provided for connection of a particular
item of equipment.
The data given for limiting earth fault loop impedance
values (now contained in Tables 41.2, 41.3 and 41.4) has
been modified to take account of the nominal voltage of
230V as opposed to 240V, reducing the limits to about
95% of their previous values.
Protection against overcurrent
Chapter 43 Protection against overcurrent now includes
the requirements previously given in Section 473 in the
16th Edition. Guidance on the overcurrent protection of
conductors in parallel is given in Appendix 10.
Protection against voltage disturbances
Chapter 44 Protection against voltage disturbances
includes a new Section 442, dealing with protection of
28 Electrical Review May 2008
17TH EDITION
Ringing the
CHANGES
FOLLOWING ON FROM THE 17TH
EDITION REPORT IN THE LAST ISSUE
OF ELECTRICAL REVIEW, KEN WEST
FROM FLUKE (UK) HIGHLIGHTS SOME
OF THE CHANGES HE BELIEVES WILL
HAVE THE MOST IMPACT ON THE
ELECTRICAL INDUSTRY
Protection against
electric shock has
perhaps seen the
most radical
changes
The Fluke 1653
installation tester can
perform automatic trip
time and tripping
current level (ramp)
tests of residual current
activated devices (RCDs)
both DC-sensitive and
delayed-response types.
The tester
enables storage
of results which
can be uploaded
later to a PC
low voltage installations against temporary
overvoltages due to earth faults in the high voltage
system and due to faults in the low voltage system.
Protection against overvoltages of atmospheric origin
or due to switching in Section 443 retains the existing
requirements but enables designers to use a risk
assessment approach when designing installations
which may be susceptible to overvoltages of
atmospheric origin.
Selection and erection of wiring systems
Chapter 52 Selection and erection of wiring systems,
now requires cables concealed in a wall or partition (at a
depth of less than 50mm) to be protected by a 30 mA
RCD where the installation is not intended to be under
the supervision of a skilled or instructed person, if the
normal methods of protection including use of cables
with an earthed metallic covering, mechanical protection
(including use of cables with an earthed metallic
covering, or mechanical protection) cannot be employed.
The requirements also apply to a cable in a partition
where the construction includes metallic parts other than
fixings, irrespective of the depth of the cable.
Table 52.2, giving data relating to cables surrounded
by thermal insulation, provides slightly more onerous de-
rating factors, to take account of the ready availability of
material with improved thermal insulation.
Chapter 52 now includes busbar trunking systems and
powertrack systems.
Chapter 52, in Section 525 and Appendix 12 refers to
voltage drop. The maximum permitted voltage drop for
lighting circuits is now 3% and for other uses 5%.
Protection, isolation, switching, control and
monitoring
Simplification brings together the requirements
previously in Chapter 46, Sections 476 and 537 of the
16th Edition in a single Chapter 53, which also
includes a new Section 532 Devices for protection
against the risk of fire, and another new Section 538
Monitoring devices.
Earthing arrangements and protective
conductors
Chapter 54 Earthing arrangements and protective
conductors, retains the requirement that a metallic
pipe of a water utility supply shall not be used as an
earth electrode but also states that other metallic
water supply pipework (such as a metallic water
supply pipework of a privately owned water supply
network) shall not be used as an earth electrode
unless precautions are taken against its removal and it
has been considered for such a use.
The requirements relating to the installation of
equipment having high protective conductor currents
previously in Section 607 of the 16th Edition are now
no longer considered to be a special location or
installation and are moved to the General Rules. The
requirements are to be found in Regulation Group
543.7.
Low voltage generating sets
Requirements for low voltage generating sets
including small-scale embedded generators (SSEGs)
such as wind turbines and photovoltaic (pv) generators
are now to be found in Chapter 55.
Luminaires and lighting installations
A new series of requirements for fixed lighting
installations, outdoor lighting installations, extra-low
voltage lighting installations, lighting for display stands
and highway power supplies and street furniture
(previously in Section 611) are given in Section 559
Luminaires and lighting installations.
Safety services
Requirements for safety services such as for emergency
escape lighting, fire alarm systems, installations for fire
pumps, fire rescue service lifts, smoke and heat extraction
equipment, are dealt with under Chapter 35 (safety
services) and Chapter 36 (continuity of service), the latter
requiring an assessment to be made for each circuit of
any need for continuity of service considered necessary
during the intended life of the installation. In line with IEC
standardisation, Chapter 56 Safety services, has been
expanded.
Inspection, testing, verfication and certification
A fundamental requirement has been introduced under
Regulation 132.13 requiring documentation (including
that required by Chapter 51, Part 6 and Part 7) to be
provided for every electrical installation.
The requirements for inspection, testing and
certification previously in Part 7 of the 16th Edition are
now to be found in Part 6. Very little has changed but
perhaps worthy of note is that the minimum values for
insulation resistance is raised to 0.5M for SELV and PELV
(when measured at 250V) and 1.0M for low voltage
circuits up to a nominal voltage of 500V (when measured
at 500V), and for nominal voltage above 500V (when
measured at 1,000V).
Measuring instruments and monitoring equipment
should be chosen to meet the requirements of the
relevant parts of BS EN 61557 (see Appendix 2 of the
17th Edition). Where such equipment does not meet the
requirements of this Standard, it must provide for no less
a degree of performance and safety.
A caution is provided to warn that when testing in
potentially explosive atmospheres appropriate safety
precautions are necessary.
17TH EDITION
30 Electrical Review May 2008
www.electricalreview.co.uk 31
Special installations or locations
A number of changes have taken place in relation to
special installations or locations. For a start, the
requirements are now embodied in Part 7 (rather than
in Part 6 as in the 16th Edition). The main changes are
in the following Sections:
Section 701: Locations containing a bath or shower
Section 702: Swimming pools and other basins
Section 703: Rooms and cabins containing sauna
heaters
Section 704: Construction and demolition
site installations
Section 705: Agricultural and horticultural
premises
Section 706: Conducting locations with
restricted movement
Section 708: Electrical installations in
caravan/camping parks and similar
locations
New special installations and
locations
Section 709: Marinas and similar locations
Section 711: Exhibitions, shows and
stands
Section 712: Solar photovoltaic (pv) power supply
systems
Section 717: Mobile or transportable units
Section 721: Electrical installations in caravans and
motor caravans (previously in Section 608 of the 16th
Edition)
Section 740: Temporary electrical installations for
structures, amusement devices and booths at
fairgrounds, amusement parks and circuses
Section 753: Floor and ceiling heating systems.
Section 611 of the 16th Edition relating to highway
power supplies is now incorporated into Section 559.
Appendices 1 to 7
Necessary changes to Appendices 1 to 7 have been
made, including in particular the Installation and
Reference Methods and tables in Appendix 4.
New appendices
Appendix 8: Current-carrying capacity and voltage
drop for busbar trunking and powertrack systems
Appendix 9: Definitions - multiple source, d.c. and
other systems
Appendix 10: Protection of conductors in parallel
against overcurrent
Appendix 11: Effect of harmonic currents on balanced
three-phase systems
Appendix 12: Voltage drop in consumers' installations
Appendix 13: Methods for measuring the insulation
resistance/impedance of floors and walls to Earth or to
the protective conductor system
Appendix 14: Measurement of earth fault loop
impedance: consideration of the increase of the
resistance of conductors with increase of temperature
Appendix 15: Ring and radial final circuit arrangements,
Regulation 433.1
Ken West gives thanks to Geoffrey Stokes and Benchmark
Electrical Safety Technology for their input
17TH EDITION
The Fluke 1650 Series of Multifunction
Installation Testers are ready for the 17th
edition new purchases as well as those
already in the field. They are easy to
operate, feature a large backlit display with
a wide viewing angle, have an ergonomic
design, and a padded neck-strap to free the
hands of the operator.
The Fluke 1650 Series comprises three
models. The Fluke 1651 meets the
requirements of Part P; the Fluke 1652
(pictured) and 1653 can perform automatic
trip time and tripping current level (ramp)
tests of residual current activated devices
(RCDs) both DC-sensitive and delayed-
response types. The advanced capabilities of
the 1653 also enable storage of results,
which can be uploaded later to a PC for
software analysis, and measurement of
earth resistance and phase sequence.
What is the IEE Code of Practice for PAT testing?
The IEE Code of Practice for In-Service Inspection and
Testing of Electrical Equipment provides a guide to
those with a responsibility for maintaining the safety of
portable electrical appliances under the Electricity At
Work Regulations 1989, Health and Safety at Work Act,
Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations
and Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations.
By providing comprehensive guidance on periodic
inspection and testing it ensures that organisations,
administrators and those carrying out the testing fully
understand the requirements of the EAWR 1989 and can
demonstrate compliance with it.
So why the changes?
Recently the IEE has reviewed the Code of Practice. The
new 3rd edition takes into account technology advances
and the implications of other market changes in relation
to in-service electrical safety testing.
By expanding the Code of Practice by over 50 pages,
the revised publication provides much clearer guidance
on all aspects of portable appliance testing with the
addition of a number of useful illustrations.
As an example, whilst the previous document
provided detailed advice on checking mains plugs and
cables, the revised version is supplemented by the
inclusion of multiple illustrations showing typical faults
that might be encountered. Similar clarification and
added details are provided for all aspects of the
inspection and test process.
Has the new Code changed the scope of equipment to
be tested?
No but it has clarified some earlier points. For
example, in the past certain types of electrical
equipment, hand dryers for example, may have been
regarded as a appliance by anyone testing the electrical
installation, or as a fixed installation by anyone carrying
out in-service testing.
As a result these items of electrical equipment may
have remained untested. To overcome such confusion
the new IEE Code makes it clear that appliances which
are connected to the electrical supply by a flex should
be tested, even if they are permanently installed.
What are the new recommendations for RCD testing?
One of the main changes in the updated IEE Code
concern new requirements in relation to testing RCDs. In
particular the revised version stipulates that when an
extension lead or multiway adaptor is fitted with an
32 Electrical Review May 2008
TEST & MEASUREMENT
Changes to PAT CODE
JIM WALLACE OF SEAWARD
HIGHLIGHTS THE MAIN
CHANGES TO THE NEW IEE
CODE OF PRACTICE FOR
PORTABLE APPLIANCE
TESTING
The new code
makes it clear any
appliances
connected to the
electrical supply by
a flex should
be tested
RCD, the operation of the RCD should be checked
using an RCD test instrument to determine that the
trip time is within specified limits.
For those responsible for carrying out portable
appliance testing this may require some changes to be
made to the type of test instruments used. However,
Seaward has anticipated these changes and many of
the companys testers are now equipped with an RCD
trip time test.
How has guidance on insulation testing changed?
Testing insulation resistance at 500V d.c. can be
problematic when the equipment under test is fitted
with transient suppressors or mains filtering and until
now the only alternative was to perform a protective
conductor/touch current measurement.
The revised Code of Practice introduces two new
test methods which can be used as an alternative to
the 500V insulation test.
The first method is to reduce the insulation test
voltage to 250V dc and the second is to perform an
alternative/substitute leakage measurement.
Alternative or substitute leakage is measured using
a technique similar to that used when measuring
insulation resistance. A test voltage is applied between
both live conductors (phase and neutral) and the
protective conductor (earth) during a Class I test or a
test probe connected to the equipment enclosure
during a Class II test. The resultant current is measured
and then scaled to indicate the current that would
flow at the nominal supply voltage.
The test voltage is 50Hz AC and normally in the
range of 40V to 250V. The test voltage is current
limited and so there is no hazard to the test operative.
As the test voltage has the same nominal frequency as
the mains supply the leakage paths are similar to
those found when the equipment is in operation.
Similarly, because the test voltage is not greater than
the nominal supply voltage of the equipment under
test, measurements are not affected by transient
suppressors, MOVs or other voltage limiting devices.
Who should carry out the testing?
The EAWR already require that testing should be
carried by a competent person and the new IEE Code
provides further clarification on the competency
required.
Specifically, the IEE Code advises that a competent
person should possess sufficient technical knowledge
or experience to be capable of ensuring that injury is
prevented. The new Code continues with further
explanation on what that technical knowledge or
experience may comprise, including such factors as an
adequate knowledge of electricity, an adequate
understanding and practical experience of the system
to be worked on and an understanding of the hazards
that may arise and the precautions which need to be
taken.
What other changes should be highlighted?
On a general note, it has always been recognised the
PAT equipment used for testing should be calibrated
annually or in accordance with manufacturers
instructions. A calibration certificate is issued which
states that the test instrument is within specification at
the time the calibration is performed.
However, the certificate does not guarantee the
performance of the test equipment at any time after
that and the revised IEE Code of Practice now
recommends that test equipment is checked at regular
intervals using a verification device such as a PAT
Checkbox.
In addition, a record of the performance checks
taken should also be kept and the revised document
includes a specimen test instrument record form.
Where can I obtain the new Code of Practice?
Further details of the updated IEE Code of Practice for
In-Service Inspection and Testing of Electrical
Equipment are available by calling tel: 01438 313 311.
TEST & MEASUREMENT
A competent
person should
possess sufficient
technical
knowledge or
experience to be
capable of ensuring
injury is prevented
34 Electrical Review May 2008
PRODUCT WATCH
1491 636 393
B
A
L
C
A
N

E
N
G
I
N
E
E
R
I
N
G
0
1
5
0
7

5
2
8
5
0
0


Fluke has introduced the Fluke 566
and Fluke 568 Thermometers, which
feature
advanced
infrared (IR)
temperature
measurement
functionality, a
menu-based
user interface
and a graphical
display to enable users to take even
complex measurements quickly and
easily and from greater distances.
Both rugged, handheld thermo-
meters combine contact and non-
contact temperature measurement
capability in one single, easy-to-use
tool, providing a total temperature
measurement solution for industrial,
electrical and maintenance
professionals.
Balcan, the electric lamp recycling specialist, has produced a new multi-
purpose recycling plant capable of processing all kinds and sizes of both
whole and pre-crushed lamps.
The Multi Purpose Compact Lamp Recycler ((MPC4000) was developed
from the companys own original design which was recognised when the
company won the Queens Award for
Enterprise in 2006 for its ability to be used in
conjunction with crushers. When mounted in
lamp collection vehicles they allow up to five
times more lamps to be carried when pre-
crushed and loaded in vehicles than when
lamps remain whole.
TEMPERATURE
MEASUREMENT
SOLUTION
FLUKE (UK)
020 7942 0700
RECYCLING PLANT PROCESSES
WHOLE AND PRE-CRUSHED LAMPS
A
B
B
0
8
0
0

7
8
3

7
4
9
1
The latest drives and motors catalogue from ABB
provides technical details of ABBs range of low
voltage AC drives from 0.18 to 2,800 kW and motors
from 0.06 to 710 kW. It also presents ABBs range of DC and medium
voltage AC drives. Easy-to-use tables give ordering data, dimensions,
options and electrical details for most products, together with prices for
2008. The brochure also lists all ABB Drives Alliance and Motor Service
partners, so customers can easily locate their nearest ABB partner.
The ABB Drives & Motors Catalogue 2008 is free on request from ABB
by calling the freephone brochure line given or by visiting
www.abb.co.uk/energy.
DRIVES AND MOTORS
CATALOGUE LAUNCHED
A
T
C

S
E
M
I
T
E
C
0
1
6
0
6

8
7
1
6
8
0
One of the main problems with temperature
sensors is the ingress of moisture which can seriously affect the sensor
performance the weakest point often being the lead/sensor interface. ATC
Semitec has developed a range of TPE encapsulated sensors where the leads
and sensor are made from the same material. This creates a waterproof
barrier which is rated to IP68 and can operate upto 105C. These cost-
effective sensors ensure absolute integrity when used in outdoor locations
(e.g. solar panels) as well as in under-floor heating and other HVAC
applications. There are also other options such as stiff lead versions and a
high temperature variant rated to150C.
IP68-RATED
TEMPERATURE
SENSORS
The new lighting management system
LMS from lighting control experts CP
Electronics combines technology with
the versatility to meet every lighting
control requirement.
The compact dimensions of the
single channel, lighting control module
allow unparalleled flexibility, as it is
small enough for installation in
suspended trunking systems or inside
light fittings,
where space
is at a
premium.
For use
as part of
the lighting management system, the
module has a single addressable output
port for switching, whilst the DIM model
provides DSI and Dali dimming signals
for dimmable luminaires as well as
support for Dali EMPRO emergency test
and monitoring.
TECHNOLOGY
MEETS VERSATILITY
CP ELECTRONICS
020 8900 0671
Camden
Electronics has
launched a
battery balancer
that is designed
to balance the
voltage of pairs
of batteries
during charging to help improve
performance and extend battery life.
Using the new CEQ12 prevents the
normal mismatched voltages at which
batteries stabilise when charged in series.
Without a CEQ12, one battery will be
undercharged while the other is
overcharged. This results in a build up of
sulphate in the undercharged battery and
drying of the electrolyte in the overcharged
battery. The CEQ12 ensures each battery in
a pair receives the same voltage by
measuring the total charging voltage,
calculating its middle value and adjusting
the voltage to each battery to be equal
within 0.1V.
BALANCING PAIRS
OF BATTERIES
CAMDEN ELECTRONICS
01727 864437
C&K Components, a supplier of tact
switches, toggle, rocker and pushbutton
switches, and smart card interconnect
devices, has developed new versions of
sealed through-hole subminiature tact
switches. Designated the KSA family, the
tact switches consist of the KSA, KSL,
KSB, KSI, KSFI, KSJ and KSD devices.
The switches are available in a variety
of configurations, including vertical and
right angle mounting, top or side
actuated and with a soft or hard
actuator.
The sealed KSA tact switches can be
configured for harsh environment
applications and can be adapted for
different PC board thicknesses.
IMPROVEMENTS TO
SWITCH SERIES
C&K COMPONENTS
001 617 969 3700
B
O
D
D
I
N
G
T
O
N
S

E
L
E
C
T
R
I
C
A
L
0
1
3
7
1

8
7
6
4
9
6
Available working voltages from
450V to 36,000V ex stock
Used in front of open switchboards
or live equipment
Safety against electric shocks
Cut to length at no extra charge
Also anti static and earthing kits available on request
Suitable for 1000V working fully tested
to 10,000V
Conforms to EN60900
Competitively priced
Items ex stock
Expertise to provide bespoke solutions
PRODUCT WATCH
F
I
N
D
E
R
0

1
7
8
5

8
1
8
1
0
0
Nothing is more
dangerous than
trusting a
defective voltage
indicator to test
for a dead circuit. Safe electrical work
requires the use of a voltage indicator that
has been proved with a proving unit before
and after use.
Martindales GS38 compliant voltage
indicators and proving unit are hard-
wearing and reliable and the VI13700G
voltage indicator is an essential safety aid
for the working electrician. It checks for the
presence of AC and DC voltages from 50-
600V, as required by the Electricity Council
Recommendation G9/6. The bright, long-
life neon indicators give an display of
voltage. The return lead incorporates an
HSC fuse, which, together with the
retractable test prods, ensures that the unit
fully meets all the GS38, M15/4, HSE,
IEC1010 and IEC61243 recommendations.
Finder has announced the availability of The
Electricians Guide, an 88-page pocket-sized
handbook aimed at providing electricians with a handy reference to all the
data they need to install the companys relay and lighting control products in a
domestic or commercial environment.
The guide begins with an introduction to relay-controlled lighting systems,
which includes a summary of the appropriate international standards and
approvals and a discussion of the benefits of a relay system in comparison
with a traditional wiring system. The main part of the book then presents basic
electrical parameters and detailed wiring diagrams for Finders lighting control
relays light dependent relays, staircase timers, step relays and dimmers,
time switches and PIR movement detectors.
VOLTAGE INDICATOR
FOR SAFE WORK
MARTINDALE
ELECTRIC COMPANY
01923 441717
Lighting specialist
National Lightings
new product
catalogue Vol 28 is
now available,
covering domestic,
industrial,
commercial and
exterior lighting.
In addition to the vast range of fixtures
and fittings, the 148-page catalogue
offers a wide selection of lamp types,
transformers and PIRs, making it a one
stop shop for all lighting requirements.
The clear and concise information
makes ordering simple, whilst National
Lightings stock of products guarantees
prompt delivery. When a choice has been
made from the catalogue, there are three
ways to order; by phoning the sales
hotline, logging on to the website or
visiting the 10,000 sq ft London
showroom.
ONE STOP SHOP
FOR LIGHTING
REQUIREMENTS
NATIONAL LIGHTING
0845 6341515
POCKET-SIZE
HANDBOOK
D
E
D
0
1
7
9
7

3
2
0
6
3
6


With built in mechanism, interface board and
paper holder all in one compact unit, the
Axiohm Asteron panel mount printer has been
designed with instant integration in mind. Developed for control, test and
measurement as well as analysis and diagnosis applications, the Asteron
delivers a print speed of 50 mm per second onto a 58mm wide paper roll.
Performance has not been compromised with size; the Asteron offers
robustness, large paper roll capacity and a clamshell design, whilst also
benefiting from the latest in enhanced integration techniques. Thanks to
multiple mounting points and a fast and innovative attachment system, the
Asteron is simple to integrate onto any panel, regardless of thickness.
DESIGNED WITH
INTEGRATION IN MIND
P
S
J

F
A
B
R
I
C
A
T
I
O
N
S
0
1
2
3
4

2
6
8
4
8
4
PSJ Fabrications Limited has supplied
bespoke stainless steel cabinets for Jiskoot,
supplier of sampling and analysis systems for use on North Sea oil rigs.
Jiskoot is a leading international provider of sampling, blending and
multiphase measurement solutions for the oil and gas industry. The project
involved the manufacture of 316 grade stainless steel enclosures made to
IP66 rating standard in various sizes, designed by PSJ to Jiskoots exact
specifications, for encasing the sampling systems employed on the rigs.
Jiskoot has supplied three sampling and analysis systems to check platform
multi-phase metering systems. The systems incorporated within PSJs
enclosures include a Coriolis meter and water-in-oil monitor that can extract a
manual sample for PVT calibration of the multi-phase meter.
BESPOKE STAINLESS
STEEL CABINETS
Panasonic
has
announced
a new range
of power
meters
capable
of monitoring power consumption in
building and plant environments.
Available in various DIN sizes the
KW series are capable of measuring
the following single phase and three
phase electrical systems
Instantaneous electrical power
Integrated electrical power
Voltage and Current
Frequency
Power Factor
A powerful communications feature
allows up to 99 units to be addressed
through an RS485 network allowing the
operator to remotely monitor various
plant.
MONITOR POWER
CONSUMPTION
PANASONIC
ELECTRIC WORKS UK
01908 231 555
The new
Chella
range of
fully
recessed
emergency
luminaires, from Orbik Electronics, has
been designed to address the markets
requirement for high quality, yet affordable
solutions. To reduce energy wastage and
lower maintenance costs, it comes with a
choice of long life LED or low energy 8w
fluorescent versions.
To maximise the products versatility, all
versions can be featured with an optional
edge-lit exit sign, which comes with a
choice of legends. This exit fascia is
manufactured from PlasiGlas which is a
strong, light conducting, flame retardant
plastic which is almost impossible to
distinguish from glass. The clarity of this
sign enables it to be viewed from
32metres.
QUALITY MEETS
AFFORDABILITY
ORBIK ELECTRONICS
01922 743515
G
T
K

U
K
0
1
3
4
4

3
0
4
1
2
3
During 2007, GTK acquired the business of a UK cable assembly company
based in Romsey. It was felt GTK could make the investment
that was needed to expand the business and increase the level
of sales. The objective is to offer European-made, as well as Far
Eastern manufactured cable assemblies to its target customers,
thus offering fast turn around for small volume requirements
Sales director, Chris Osborn (pictured) said: Our strategy is to
engage fully with our customers in engineering and design. This has resulted in
GTK moving into full fabrication of products, and has contributed to our
outstanding growth. Whereas three years ago a detailed customer quote would
be three or four pages long, one recent quote ran to 127 pages! We target and
encourage dialogue with start-up companies and design houses - our major
successes have come from new OEM customer designs.
FIRM SET FOR RECORD GROWTH
PRODUCT WATCH
1491 636 393
S
I
C
K

(
U
K
)
0
1
7
2
7

8
3
1
1
2
1





Megaman UK,
has released a
new concept in
catalogues.
Split into two
distinct sections,
the 2008
catalogue details
the companys energy efficient lamps on
one side and, when turned over, highlights
the Fozz Lighting range of products, that
provide flexible, energy saving lighting
solutions for a wide range of domestic and
leisure applications.
Megaman is fully committed to
minimising its own environmental impact
and contributing to sustainability through its
products. Megaman lamps have a longer
life than conventional CFLs, so fewer lamps
are disposed of each year, whilst its
manufacturing processes are fully
compliant with environmental legislation
and industry codes of practice.
Sick UK has launched new gateways for the integration of equipment in
PROFIsafe, PROFIBUS DP, Ethernet TCP/IP and CANopen bus systems.
Engineers responsible for machine safety want open and inclusive
concepts with a high level of sensor, controller and application competence,
taking time-related and global dimensions into account namely the entire
machine life cycle and internationalisation. The UE-EFI gateways feature bi-
directional data exchange to permit the use of the
enhanced sensor functions in SICK equipment, for
example the switching of monitored fields in the case of
safety laser scanners. The gateways are connected via
the Enhanced Function Interface (EFI) from Sick and are
thus suitable for both standard and safe PLCs.
TRADE CATALOGUE
A ONE-STOP-SHOP
FOR CONTRACTORS
ABB
01925 741 111
HIGH POWER DRIVES TO BE
LAUNCHED AT EXHIBITION
MK Electric has launched a range of self
powered switches called Echo that are
entirely wireless and battery-free. MK is the first
major UK manufacturer to incorporate this
patented technology so-called enabled by
EnOcean, after the German company that
developed it into switches; and the new Echo range harvests tiny amounts
of ambient energy to wirelessly operate lighting at ranges of up to 30 metres
within buildings. The benefits of such technology include almost instant
switch installation; total location flexibility of light switches within buildings;
and easy relocation, re-installation and considerable cost-savings when
churning office and other commercial spaces. The Echo range is also low
maintenance thanks to the lack of batteries and lack of wiring in the wall.
WIRELESS LIGHTING TECHNOLOGY
M
A
N
R
O
S
E

M
A
N
U
F
A
C
T
U
R
I
N
G
0
1
7
5
3

6
9
1
3
9
9
Manrose Manufacturing has increased its low
profile, modular ducting systems range. The system is said to have
advantages over conventional round systems and can be concealed when
installed along the top of wall units, or hidden in ceiling voids and cavity walls.
The 100 System has compact dimensions of only 110mm x 54mm and
is suitable for applications requiring low extraction rates. Perfect for the
ventilation of bathrooms and a toilet, its 5300mm cross section provides
efficient ducting for short, straight runs. The 125 System, measuring only
204mm x 60mm is ideally suited for the ducting of kitchen cooker hoods
with 100mm, 125mm or 150mm round exhaust spigots. The flat channel
cross section of 1200mm makes it highly efficient and able to achieve
high extract rates.
INCREASED MODULAR
DUCTING RANGE
H
O
L
O
P
H
A
N
E
0
1
9
0
8

6
4
9
2
9
2






With the launch of its new website, Holophane
Lighting is providing specifiers and installers
with comprehensive and invaluable information about its products.
Photography clearly illustrates the aesthetics, application and performance
of the products, while comprehensive technical detail provides the
specification data required. Users can find the products they are searching for,
either by name or application, and can call up a detailed list of applications,
down to specifics such as access roads, footpaths, railway stations and
tunnels, to be led to a list of products suitable for the chosen application.
Alternatively, broader categories such as amenity lighting or interior lighting
can be used to access a collection of thumbnail pictures of products for these
areas with each providing a link to more detailed information.
LIGHTING WEBSITE
FOR SPECIFIERS
ITT
Interconnect
Solutions has
created a
centre of excellence for military and
aerospace customers at its Basingstoke
facility in the UK. The company has
significantly increased its engineering and
sales capabilities dedicated to this
important European sector to service the
increasing complexity of customisation
required by the latest defence and
aeronautical programs. Nick Bailey, product
manager at ITT Interconnect Solutions
explains: More and more we are being
approached to deliver special
configurations and adaptations of our
standard connector products. Examples of
recent customisations include D38999
connectors with shortened bodies;
D38999s that mount directly onto a PCB
and special backshells that fit into space-
restricted enclosures.
INCREASE IN
CAPABILITIES
ITT INTERCONNECT
SOLUTIONS
01256 311556
Seaward
Electronic
has
introduced
a new
checkbox to
verify the in-
service
performance of portable appliance
testers.
In keeping with the advice included
in the latest IEE Code of Practice for In-
Service Inspection and Testing of
Electrical Equipment, the new
Seaward PAT Checkbox is designed to
check the accuracy of PAT testers
and confirm that test readings remain
valid during the period between
formal re-calibration. Lightweight and
portable and easy to operate, the PAT
Checkbox can be used to check all
portable appliance testers in the
Seaward range, as well as those from
other manufacturers.
VERIFY IN-SERVICE
PAT TESTERS
SEAWARD ELECTRONIC
0191 586 3511
Mercury Recycling has been appointed
to collect and recycle all fluorescent
tubes and sodium lamps from the
University of Manchester.
The University is Britain's largest
single-site university and disposes of
over 25,000 fluorescent and sodium
lamps per annum. The arrangement
ensures that the site is supplied with
a number of Lampsafe, and Bulbsafe
containers for collection and recycling
by Mercury Recycling operatives.
Provisional agreement has also been
reached over the collection of non-
hazardous batteries as the University
intends to introduce a battery
recycling scheme later this year.
UNIVERSITY
RECYCLING PROJECT
MERCURY RECYCLING
0161 877 0977
M
K

E
L
E
C
T
R
I
C
0
1
2
6
8

5
6
3
0
0
0
PRODUCT WATCH
R
I
T
T
A
L
0
1
7
0
9

7
0
4
0
0
0
A new busbar
design from
A&T Enclosures
looks is claimed
to raise
standards in
enclosure
quality and reliability by passing
stringent international standards.
The enclosure and fabrication
specialist has successfully tested their
latest system in accordance with IEC
guidelines. Put through its paces at the
IPH Laboratories in Berlin, the double
horizontal busbar arrangement achieved
a pass at 80kA/1 second whilst the
vertical droppers and interconnections
were certified to 65kA/1 second.
The decision to obtain additional
testing followed a recent survey in which
ATE asked customers how they could
further develop their product range
without compromising on price and
quality control.
For enclosures situated outdoors, Rittal have
introduced a range of heaters to protect the
delicate electronics housed within from any temperature fluctuations.
Available with 400W and 800W outputs, the heaters prevent the
temperature inside the enclosure from dropping below operational level. The
heaters also facilitate in the reduction of condensation within dual walled
cabinets where severe low temperatures may be encountered. The heaters
are easily installed by snapping-on to DIN Top Hat Rails or by screwing into
the punched frame sections of the outdoor enclosure. All heaters are
provided complete with a protective grill in both the air inlet and outlet. A
complimentary thermosat is also available to switch the heaters as required.
RAISED STANDARDS
IN RELIABILTY
A&T ENCLOSURES
01384 212316
Seaward Electronic
has introduced a
test data
management
program, specially
developed for use in
conjunction with
large corporate database systems.
PATGuard Elite SQL has been
designed for users who require
advanced database formats such as
Oracle and Microsoft SQL Server to
hold workplace portable appliance (PAT)
and electrical safety testing records.
These systems allow very large
databases to be created without
response times being compromised.
Existing PATGuard test records can
easily be incorporated into the new
SQL format and the new program
means portable appliance test
records can now be integrated into
more comprehensive corporate
databases and IT networks.
TEST DATA
MANAGEMENT
SEAWARD ELECTRONIC
023 8029 5029
DELICATE ELECTRONICS
ARE PROTECTED
B
E
H
A
-
A
M
P
R
O
B
E
w
w
w
.
w
a
r
w
i
c
k
t
s
.
c
o
m
Amprobe has introduced its latest 50-page
2007/2008 Test Tools Catalogue covering
over 250 quality test and measurement
products for professionals in the electrical,
automotive, maintenance, construction and
HVAC markets. All products conform to the requisite IEC safety
standards for use in their designated safety area category.
Amprobe offers an extensive selection of handheld test and
measurement products including 26 clamp meters, 24 multimeters,
power quality recorders and analysers, installation testers, electrical
testers, circuit tracers and HVAC testers.
CATALOGUE FOR
TEST PROFESSIONALS
Manrose
Manufacturing
has launched its
latest catalogue
with a colour
coded, simple to
use format that provides a
comprehensive guide to ventilation . Its
100 pages include descriptions of each
item, colour photographs, technical
information, performance graphs and
packaging data, all in colour coded
sections covering domestic, commercial
and specialist ventilation, accessories and
the new heating range.
New products in the catalogue include
the M200 range of centrifugal bathroom
fans, the cost effective ManiVent ultra-
slim whole house ventilation system and
the Haylo series of circular kitchen and
bathroom units.
COLOUR CODED
CATALOGUE FORMS
VENTILATION GUIDE
MANROSE
MANUFACTURING
01753 691399
Rexel Senate has
launched its
comprehensive
2008 Best
catalogue,
featuring over
3000 fast
moving electrical
products and accessories for
professional users in contracting,
industry and maintenance.
Rexel Senates head of marketing,
Paul Humphrey, said: This is the most
comprehensive catalogue yet, with the
addition of a new ventilation section
and major new offers on data products
and Ashley wiring accessories, and the
latest legislation requirements for the
disposal and recycling of electrical
products. The catalogue also features
the all the very latest Rexel Senate
own branch and top brand name
products.
FAST MOVERS
MAKE CATALOGUE
REXEL SENATE
01707 640000
V
E
N
T
U
R
E

L
I
G
H
T
I
N
G

E
U
R
O
P
E
0
8
4
5

2
3
0
2
2
2
2
The new Full Systems catalogue from
Venture Lighting provides a comprehensive
guide to metal halide lighting on the market
today.
Venture has brought together technical
information on lamps together with advice on
their use. Detailing the most comprehensive
range of UK-stocked metal halide lamps and control gear, the catalogue
contains a wealth of information on metal halide lamps, the new
Ventronic low wattage and high wattage dimmable electronic ballast,
conventional magnetic ballasts and ignitors and a full range of lighting
capacitors
FULL GUIDE TO METAL
HALIDE LIGHTING
V
A
C
O
N
0
1
4
5
5

6
1
1
5
1
5
















Vacon and PPT Drive Systems have joined forces to offer energy efficient
solutions based on variable speed AC drives. The partnership offers free site
surveys, energy saving calculations and complete solutions to tackle climate
change.
The partnership between Vacon and PPT Drive
Systems offers customers from all industrial segments
the opportunity to see how energy efficient drives can
reduce energy usage and cut their energy bills. The
collaboration will benefit an array of different
businesses, including hospitals, supermarkets, banks,
airports, water treatment sites, offshore oil and gas
applications and manufacturers.
ENERGY EFFICIENT SOLUTIONS
BASED ON VARIABLE SPEED DRIVES
Tyco Electronics
has extended its
Dorman Smith
Modis 25/32
modular
distribution
system with a
Form 4 Type 6 MCCB panel board. This
compact, flexible solution can be utilised
either as an integral part of a Modis
switchboard system or used as a floor-
standing self-contained unit.
Available in 8 or 10 ways with front or
rear access, the MCCB Panel Board also
has the ability to be stacked, increasing
its range of options to 8, 10, 16, 18 and
20 ways. With a busbar rating of 1000A
and a withstand rating of 50kA 1sec., the
Form 4 Type 6 MCCB Panel Board
accommodates the YA3 range of SP and
TP MCCBs (20-250A).
SYSTEM EXTENDED
WITH TYPE 6 MCCB
PANEL BOARD
TYCO
ELECTRONICS UK
01376 509 528
S
W
I
T
C
H
T
E
C
0
1
7
8
5

8
1
8
6
0
0
Containing all its popular terminal blocks and plug
in connectors, Euroclamps 2008 catalogue is
available from specialist distributor Switchtec.
Aimed at PCB manufacturers, PCB suppliers,
distributors, OEMs and manufacturers, the comprehensive catalogue is an
invaluable aid to identifying application areas and product selection for
purchasers, specifiers and engineers.
The catalogue covers all the popular Euroclamp terminal blocks, plug in
connectors, and multi deck terminal blocks in pitches of 3.5, 5, 5.08, 7, 7.5,
7.62,10, 10.16, 12.7, 15, 15.24, 19.04 and 20.32mm. The catalogue also
includes panel feed through terminals, printed circuit supports and
enclosures.
AID TO IDENTIFYING
APPLICATION AREAS
T
A
S

E
N
G
I
N
E
E
R
I
N
G
0
1
6
4
2

6
1
3
6
2
2
TAS presented at the annual IOSH
Conference Telford, 19 March 2008, to
safety and compliance managers.
Following is a summary of its non
technical arc flash presentation.
If you have an HV or LV system you
could be at risk of an electrical arc flash To reduce the risks of an arc flash
Wherever possible, try to eliminate a worker away from the possibility of a
burn.
Imperative! Update and document your systems.
For new investments implement a remote switching system.
Engineer issues out - Identify fault level studies, load flow analysis, set
protection gradings, conduct arc flash study, update all distribution system
records.
Eliminate pre identify risks, implement procedures and label equipment
correctly.
Mitigate (moderate dangers to make them less severe) via procedures
and training.
Calculate thermal values required & protect with relevant levels of FR PPE
PPE The last line of defence!. Make sure PPE is CE marked.
Standards & Guidelines :-
E.A.W.R. 1989 (section 5) compliance
IEEE 1584 Standard for Arc Flash Calculations
IEC 60909 Electrical Fault Level Studies & Load Flow Analysis
HSG 230 Electrical Switchgear Safety
For further details contact TAS Engineering
W
A
G
N
E
R

U
K
0
8
7
0

3
3
3

6
1
1
6





Wagner UK has launched a new range of silent-
running air sampling smoke detection units as
part of its Titanus family.
The units are fitted with high-performance fans and additional sound-
proofing to produce a silent running system for applications such as domestic
premises and offices where ambient background noise is low. The new silent-
running versions are available for both the Titanus TopSens and Titanus
ProSens systems. The Titanus range has been developed by Wagner as a
simple and low cost air sampling system replacement for point smoke
detectors. The combination of silent-running and the use of discreet sampling
points minimises the impact on the interior environment of a building.
SILENT-RUNNING
SMOKE DETECTION
Thorn unveiled a
solar-powered LED
concept luminaire for
urban areas at the
2008 Light+Building
show in Frankfurt.
The highly
distinctive Monolit
points the way to a future generation of
Thorn luminaires that factor in total
environmental integrity to help create a
sustainable society.
Identical on both sides the 3.4m high,
blue-grey rectangular structure has two
solar electric panels (also called
photovoltaic or PV panels) flanked top and
bottom by a modified LED Band luminaire
(an 600mm strip of 10 x 1W LEDs). The
rows of LEDs (4 x 10) are mounted at
3.2m and 0.9m above the ground for
overall lighting and pavement illumination
respectively. The unit operates
independently of the mains supply via
storage batteries within the base.
SOLAR POWERED
LED LUMINAIRE
THORN LIGHTING
020 8732 9800
ARC FLASH ADVICE PRESENTED
APPOINTMENTS
To advertise in section contact Matthew Dawe on:
020 7933 8980 or mattthew.dawe@stjohnpatrick.com
Charges: 39 pccm, Box No 25
For more information on these jobs visit:
APPOINTMENTS
ELECTRICAL ENGINEER Wave Energy Development &
Research Inverness The company is a world leader in wave
energy and wave power. Successful candidates will work on all electrical
and instrumentation issues relating to the development of the plant and
delivery of projects. Experience of the programming of control systems
and of power generation equipment, knowledge of grid issues and
experience of electrical and control equipment supply would be
advantageous. BC349v2
E, I & C DESIGN ENGINEER - Waste Management Crawley -
This thermal waste management company provides expertise in
combustion energy recovery, flue gas scrubbing and residue processing.
You will need proven leadership in the electrical or instrumentation and
controls design of Power Stations, Waste to Energy or large industrial
plants. CA1063v10
E&I ENGINEERS Biofuels - Manchester & Teesside - This
international engineering design contractor has exciting opportunities in
the emerging biofuels, bulk chemicals and polymer production industries.
Engineers are sought with specialisms in DCS, ESD design and general
plant instrumentation. CA1081v2
ELECTRICAL DESIGN & COMMISSIONING ENGINEERS
Automotive Body & Powertrain Manufacturing Equipment
- Wiltshire - You will be involved in projects from concept stage
through to implementation as well as the development of electrical
specification for projects including cost study as well as the electrical
design of manufacturing equipment. Experience of PLC programming is
essential and you will ideally have experience of installation &
commissioning of robotic cells. JB507v7
PRINCIPAL ENGINEERS - Power Electronics Staffordshire -
Career opportunities exist to join this company which designs and
manufactures Power solutions for the Defence and Transit markets world-
wide. You will be responsible for a wide range of engineering activities
covering all stages of a project from bid to delivery. Experience within an
electronic engineering development environment is essential. JB622v2
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS Nuclear Fusion Research Facility
Oxfordshire - As part of a team responsible for the complex power
supplies you will play a leading role in the design, specification and
procurement of new plant and plant upgrades. Ideally of Chartered status,
you will have experience of large AC/DC converters operating at levels of
up to 100kA and of high voltage pulsed power systems at voltages up to
160kV. JL416v5
ELECTRICAL ENGINEER Generator Protection, C&I
Loughborough Successful candidates will be responsible for design
of generator control and protection panels, equipment panels for power
management systems and specification of generator excitation systems
and generator auxiliary equipment such as instrumentation transformers
and grounding systems. Awareness of commercial issues is essential.
JL464v1
ELECTRICAL ENGINEER Nuclear Decommissioning &
Clean-Up N. Scotland You will provide professional engineering
advice and direction on the interpretation and implementation of
corporate standards and design processes. JL64v17
DIESEL ENGINEERS/POWER/GENERATORS All industry
sectors Slough Engineers with the skills to carry out a Project
Engineering role from any background are now required. You will have
full commercial and technical responsibility for the production and
delivery of large contracts. CA775v18
ELECTRICAL MACHINES & VARIABLE SPEED DRIVE
OPPORTUNITIES Rugby & Kidsgrove Leading power
conversion solutions provider to marine, offshore, renewables, oil & gas
and process industries require experienced Project, Variable Speed Drive,
Control, Automation, Software & Commissioning Engineers and Rotating
Machine Designers. GL338v28
C&I ENGINEERS Nuclear Decommissioning Kent/Suffolk/
Glos/Essex/Somerset You will be involved in the exciting and
technically challenging work of safely decommissioning reactor sites. You
must be willing to undertake intelligent customer roles, providing
technical supervision of the specification and delivery of research, design,
construction and demolition activities. JL440v7
SENIOR DESIGN ENGINEER - Steel Industry S. Wales -
Excellent opportunity to join the Project and Design department where
you will be required to design plant and equipment. You will have
extensive experience in heavy engineering of which a considerable
amount should be design based. RE324v2
PROJECT MANAGERS, E & I - Gas Distribution - Southern
Scotland/Southern England You will liaise with Maintenance,
Asset Management and other third parties to manage the design,
procurement, implementation and installation of E&I projects. A
knowledge of ATEX is required, as well as being electrically authorised in
some form. RH685v2
ELECTRICAL ENGINEER (ACTIVE NETWORKS) - Power
Generation & Distribution Northumberland - You will provide
technical support to the sales team, and take on a leading role in the
design, installation and commissioning of GenAVC systems. BC313v17
APPLICATIONS ENGINEERS - Information Systems Provider
To Process Industries - South Coast or Aberdeen - Product
Specialists are now required with proven software or systems experience
relating to MES or MIS based systems within the process industries.
CA1058v7
TRAINING CONSULTANT (ELECTRICAL SAFETY) - College
Environment Falkirk You will support the development, delivery
and continuous quality improvement of a portfolio of training courses.
You will be a time served electrical tradesperson with relevant industry
experience in an electrical safety role. Ideally you will have experience of
training and development of course materials. JL451v1
SENIOR POWER SYSTEMS ENGINEERS - Energy Consultancy
- Manchester, Newcastle or Woking You will be involved with
generation project connections, utility network reinforcement studies,
petro-chemical system analysis, traction system analysis, project feasibility
studies, strategic power system analysis, software based analysis
solutions, supporting wind project and installation teams and diverse
inter-company energy projects. RE199v2
SENIOR PROJECT MANAGER CHP and Utility Services
Central London You will be delivering safe and environmentally
sound projects. You should have substantial experience gained as a
Project Manager, of which some will have been gained in energy and/or
utilities construction projects. CA1052v4
RENEWABLE ENERGY/WASTE MANAGEMENT
Engineering Consultancy Environment - Stockport or
home-based Opportunities exist for well qualified Chemical,
Mechanical and Electrical Engineers with proven experience in
engineering design, project management or technical due diligence work.
You should have experience using your scientific skills in a critical client
environment. CA642v9
ENGINEERING CONSULTANCY - Anaerobic, Biomass,
Renewables - Home-Based Or Lancashire - Opportunities exist
for Engineers of all disciplines to join a team responsible for the
implementation of carbon management programs, utility conservation,
energy efficiency and renewable technologies projects for a wide range of
Clients. CA389v7
PROJECT ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS Renewable Energy
Swindon You will provide support to the project and construction
managers on electrical issues. Your employment history may include
working for large electrical equipment manufacturers, power, oil and gas
companies or general engineering consultancies. JB637v1
NUCLEAR SAFETY ENGINEER Low Power Nuclear
Research Centre The successful candidate will help set a new
industry benchmark for research reactor safety case support. You will also
be required to lead, support and/or conduct planning and engineering
studies to support defuelling, licence condition compliance studies,
decommissioning safety case, and IPR. You should have substantial
experience in a relevant environment. RH672v4
SUPPORT CONTROL & INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEER -
Combined Heat And Power - West Midlands - Here is an
excellent opportunity for a Control & Instrumentation Engineer to join a
company which designs and delivers energy solutions through combined
heat and power (CHP) technology within the industrial sector, CHP, or
cogeneration. HNC qualified or with an equivalent technical qualification
you will possess sound knowledge of maintenance principles with
relevant experience ideally gained in a large industrial environment.
JB464v10
SENIOR EICA DESIGN ENGINEER Cambridgeshire - A Senior
Electrical, Instrumentation and Control Applications (EICA) Design
Engineer is now required at the UKs privately-owned construction firm
based in St Neots, Cambridgeshire. In this role you will be technically
responsible for the design of engineering projects in either the Gas and
Oil Sector or the Water Sector. Further responsibilities will include carrying
out, checking and, where authorised approving, calculations,
specifications, reports, schedules, drawings/sketches and other
documentation. JB638v3
E,C & I ENGINEERS - Intelligent Nuclear Clean-Up -
Warrington, Gloucester, West Cumbria, Berkshire & Various
Customer Sites throughout the UK - This company is a respected
specialist decommissioning and remediation contracting business which
provides core technical and engineering expertise to nuclear customers
worldwide. Your background will be in the design and installation of
industrial electrical, control and instrumentation JL374v9
ELECTRICAL PROJECT ENGINEER - ELECTRICAL
ENGINEERING DESIGN CONSULTANCY - TYNE & WEAR -
Excellent opportunity for you to join this dynamic and fast-growing
electrical engineering design consultancy. Our client specializes in the
provision of comprehensive control and protection system solutions to
both UK and overseas electrical power system industries. You will have a
firm understanding of control and protection schemes and should be able
to interpret client project requirements from conception to delivery whilst
applying design solutions in accordance with relevant national and
international standards. JL470v2
ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION TECHNICIAN Speed
Enforcement Systems Watford/M25 Successful candidates
will undertake installation/testing and maintenance work. The work is
varied so a background as a plant electrician or some experience of
installing computer Control systems would be helpful. You will need to
pass the Metropolitan Police security clearance as you will be in regular
contact with their technical control centre. RH690v1
ELECTRICAL ENGINEER - Wind Turbines - Edinburgh - An
exciting opportunity has arisen for an Electrical Engineer to join a
company working at the cutting edge of the rapidly expanding UK wind
energy market to develop, produce and market multi-megawatt wind
turbines. Ideally qualified to degree level in an engineering discipline, you
will have experience of managing subcontractors and be highly IT literate
(Word, Excel and MS Project). Ideally, you will have wide-ranging
electrical knowledge and skills in high voltage engineering, control
engineering, data acquisition (SCADA) and telecommunications.
RH699v1
SITE ELECTRICAL ENGINEER - Petrochemical Projects - Qatar
- A Site Electrical Engineer is required to provide guidance and support to
the Implementation Contractor (IC) to help deliver Quality site
construction and implementation that satisfies the project requirements.
You should be qualified to degree level with extensive relevant experience
of leading complex petrochemical projects. RE318v32
CHIEF ENGINEER Wind Energy - West Sussex or Germany
- An exciting opportunity now exists for a Chief Engineer to join the
Clean Energy Product Group of one of the worlds leading providers of
technology, product innovation and engineering solutions. Qualified to
degree level you will be an experienced wind energy professional with a
proven track record in delivering technical product development projects.
BC300v64
To advertise in section contact Matthew Dawe on:
020 7933 8980 or mattthew.dawe@stjohnpatrick.com
Charges: 19 pccm, Box No 25
UPS
Batteries
Generators
For further infornation, caII freephone 0800 018 24 54
Power Cuts!
A.C. Voltage Stabilisers
Metering
Training
HIGH VOLTAGE
TRAINING
To Senior Authorised/
Authorised Person level
Also EAW Regs, Generator Operation,
Safety awareness, Maintenance, etc
MICHAEL TWITCHETT
IEng. FIET. MSOE. MIPlantE
Tel or Fax: 01737 352755
e-mail: MichaelTwitchett@highvoltage.fsnet.co.uk
PFC Engineering Ltd
Station Road, Great Chesterford,
Saffron Walden, Essex CB10 1NY
Total Power Quality Solutions
Power Factor Correction Design and Manufacture - LV / MV
Power Factor Correction Maintenance and Installation
Harmonic Analysis and Penetration Studies
Harmonic Filtration Systems - LV / MV Design and Manufacture
Voltage Disturbance and Flicker Control
Complete Analytical Services
Consultation and Advice
Contact us for expert advice on
Tel: +44 (0) 1799 530728, Fax: +44 (0) 1799 530235
email: er-enquiries@pfc-engineering.com
Power Factor Correction Cables / Telecables
CLASSIFIED
www.electricalreview.co.uk 41
Power Quality
Management
ASD manufacture a comprehensive
range of lighting which has been
designed and developed in the UK
to provide practical solutions to a
wide variety of commercial and
office environments.
Richard Andrews
ASD Lighting plc
Mangham Rd, Barbot Hall Ind
Est
Rotherham S61 4RJ
tel: 01709 374898 fax: 01709
366239
web: www.asdlighting.co.uk
email: sales@asdlighting.co.uk
High Voltage
Engraved Labels
Lighting
Power Factor
Correction
Power Factor Correction
PowerLogic
TM
Metering Systems
Energy Meters
Load Monitoring
Power Quality Monitoring
& Solutions
Harmonic Surveys To G5/4
Harmonic Filters
UPS & Surge Protection
Thermal Imaging Surveys
Call for survey and quotation :-
Tel 01773 - 603110 Fax 01773 - 603112
e-mail solutions@varservices.co.uk
web site - www.varservices.co.uk
VAR Services Ltd.
27 Main Road,
Jacksdale, Nottingham,
NG16 5JU
Inspection Testing
Cables / Telecables
UPS
42 To advertise in section contact Matthew Dawe on: 020 7933 8980 or mattthew.dawe@stjohnpatrick.com
Why not target our 17,000 + site visitors per month!
We can provide a full range of services to meet your online
marketing needs including:
RECRUITMENT EVENT PROMOTION PRODUCT NEWS
ADVERTISING BANNERS & BUTTONS E-CASTS
For further details contact:
Neil Coshan
Tel: 0207 933 8979 Email: neilc@stjohnpatrick.com
Matthew Dawe
Tel: 0207 933 8980 Email: mattd@stjohnpatrick.com
Visit www.electricalreview.co.uk
energysaving.claudelyons.com
To advertise in section contact Matthew Dawe on:
020 7933 8980 or mattthew.dawe@stjohnpatrick.com
Charges: 19 pccm, Box No 25
CLASSIFIED
www.electricalreview.co.uk 43
Do make energy saving easy for the public
to understand. As E-Days organisers
explained, if every household turned off just
one light bulb, it meant that four power
stations could be switched off. Better still,
put energy saving in terms that noone could
resist: If every household turns off just one
light bulb the money saved would be
enough for buy Pete Doherty and Amy
Winehouse their own rocket to Saturn so we
dont have to read about their tedious drug-
fuelled antics for a few years.
But dont get your energy saving
calculations wrong - theres nothing more
likely to annoy the public than figures that
are obviously wrong and designed to
promote a cause, eg. Leaving your TV on
standby overnight is the equivalent of
running three 500MW power stations for
200 years!
Do promote your cause on the web. Make
sure you have a website, and, as E-Day did,
post lms and clips about energy saving on
the ever-popular site YouTube. Then watch in
despair as lunkhead American users post their
usual subnormal comments, eg.
I gobal warning rocks i lik warm wether
I i seen micheal moore say gloobal wurming
iz bad n he is pinko liberal jerk off!!! USA
KIKCS BUTT!!! OSOMO BIN LARDON KISS
MY ASS!!!
I wen da poolar bear fall off iceburg n
drownd that ws freakin hilairius man!!!
ROTFLMAO!!! LOL!!! ;-)
Dont do what every campaign group and
charity in the UK seems to do these days, and
try to make a weighty issue that requires
serious public and political commitment into
a series of wacky, fun events featuring
washed-up, attention-seeking celebrities.
Frankly, most of us wouldnt trust Bianca off
Eastenders to look after our goldsh, let alone
tell us how to save the planet.
Do be cautious about opinion polls. They
may show that a majority of people want
action on the environment, but bear in mind
that most people just say yes to any
question that sounds important, without
actually thinking about it. Thus it would be
entirely possible for a playful pollster to get
an overwhelmingly favourable response to
the question: Should the government be
doing more to address the problem of
discrimination against the Dalek
community?
Dont forget to reinforce the message think
global, act local, in other words that
individuals relatively small actions can make
a massive difference collectively. However,
dont encourage idiots in their belief that
every environmentally aware act makes a
difference. Theres nothing more irritating
than people sanctimoniously banging on as
though theyve single-handedly saved the
planet just because they took a few copies of
The Guardian Magazine to the recycling bin
at Sainsburys in their two-litre Volvo.
Dont rely on the BBC to promote your
cause. As was the case with E-Day, a
programme promoting the energy saving
day was cancelled after other similar shows
got poor ratings. In any case, its entirely
likely that your environmentally aware
programme will be dropped to make room in
the schedules for one of the Beebs many
cerebral and completely non-derivative
entertainment shows such as Find Me An Ice
Dancing Joseph.
OPEN CIRCUIT
Recently the UK had its rst
Energy Saving Day, or E-Day,
which aimed to get the public
involved in reducing energy
use and carbon emissions.
Unfortunately no savings
resulted, partly because of lack
of public awareness, but also
due to a snap of cold weather.
With this in mind, Open Circuit
offers some dos and donts for
energy saving campaigns
GUIDE TO ENERGY SAVING CAMPAIGNS