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EC2201- ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

A.R. ENGINEERING COLLEGE, VILLUPURAM ECE DEPARTMENT QUESTION BANK Sub. Name: ELECTRICAL ENGINERRING SEM: III Branch/Year: ECE/II UNIT-I DC MACHINES PART-A 1. What is the purpose of field coil of a dc machine? Where are they located? 2. What are the function of brushes and bearing in a dc machine? 3. What is meant by excitation of dc machine? What are the methods of excitation? 4. What are the necessary conditions for the generators to be self excited? 5. Define critical resistance of a dc generator? 6. What is meant by armature reaction? 7. State the function of no volt coil of the starter? 8. List the different method of speed control of dc shunt motor? 9. List the parts of DC machine. 10. State the functions of commutator in a DC machine. 11. Mention the types of Electric breaking in the DC motor. 12. State two applications of Dc shunt motor and series motor. 13. What is the significance of back emf? 14. List the different variable and constant losses in electrical machine. 15. What is the basic principle of a dc generator? 16. What is a self excited dc machine? PART-B 1. (i) Derive the emf equation of dc machine how can its direction be obtained? (8) (ii) Explain the various types of core losses? (8) 2. Explain with neat sketches the principal of operation of a dc generator? (16) 3. (i) Explain the principal of operation of dc motor? (10) (ii)Derive the torque equation of a dc motor? (6) 4. (i)Explain torque speed characteristics of a dc shunt and dc series motor with relevant derivation to justify their shape? (10) (ii)Explain the method of speed control of dc motor with field control? (6) 5. Draw the diagram of a three point starter and identify the various parts? (16) 6. Explain Swinburnes test of predetermination of efficiency of dc machine? (16) 7. Explain ward Leonard method of speed control in dc motor? (16) 8. What are the features of Swinburnes test? (16) 9. Explain the method of speed control of dc motor with fie ld control? (16) Sub. Code: EE2201

A.R.ENGINEERING COLLEGE, VILLUPURAM

EC2201- ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

UNIT-II TRANSFORMER PART-A 1. What is the function of a transformer? 2. Whet is an ideal transformer? 3. What is the purpose of laminating the core in a transformer? 4. What are the losses in a transformer? How will you minimize them? 5. What is meant by leakage flux? 6. When the load current of a transformer increases how does the input current increases to meet with the new condition? 7. Define a transformer? 8. Write the name of material used for transformer core? 9. What is step up transformer? 10. How does the change in frequency affect the change in temperature? 11. Write the emf equation of two winding transformer. 12. Write a short note on impedance test. 13. Define a transformer. 14. Why is staggering in the construction of transformer? 15. Mention the properties of oil used in the transformer? PART-B 1. (i) Explain the construction of a single phase transformer? (8) (ii)Discuss the working principle of a transformer? (8) 2. Draw the approximate equivalent circuit of single phase transformer and identify the various parameters? (16) 3.Explain with the help of circuit diagram how are (a) efficiency and (b) regulation of single phase transformer predetermined by conducting open circuit and short circuit test? (16) 4. What are the losses in a transformer? Derive the condition for maximum efficiency? (16) 5. Describe the tests to determine and explain how the regulation of the transformer is determined form the diagram (16) UNIT-III INDUCTION MOTOR PART-A Name the speed control methods of induction motor? What are the different types of starters to be used in 3 phase induction motor? Define slip in an induction motor? Why are signal phase motor used? Where are split phase motors used? What are the purposes that could be served by external resistor connected in the rotor Circuit of phase wound induction motor? Define synchronous watt? Mention the losses that occur in induction motor? Explain the condition for maximum torque under running condition?

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A.R.ENGINEERING COLLEGE, VILLUPURAM

EC2201- ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

10. What are the classification of single phase induction motor based on the construction and method of starting? 11. What is the function of capacitor in a single phase induction motor? 12. What is the use of shading coil in the shaded pole motor? 13. Why starter is necessary for 3 phase induction motor? 14. Define slip speed in an induction motor? 15. What are the disadvantages of three phase induction motor?

PART-B 1. (i)Explain rotor resistance speed control of a three phase induction motor?

(8) (ii)Explain the principal of operation of three phase induction motor in detail? (8) 2. Derive the expression for torque developed in a 3 phase induction motor and hence deduce the condition for maximum torque and aloes power and efficiency? (16) 3. (i)Explain double revolving field theory as applied to a single phase induction motor? (10) (ii)Explain shaded pole induction motor with diagram? (6) 4. (i)Describe the construction and principal of capacitor start induction run motor? (10) (ii)Explain the methods of starting of induction motor? (6) 5. (i)Explain the speed methods of making single phase induction motor self starting? (8) (ii)Explain the speed control of induction motor form stator side? (8) 6.(i) Explain the different method of speed control for a squirrel cage induction motor? (10) (ii). Compare between squirrel case and slip ring induction motor? (6) UNIT-IV SYNCHRONOUS AND SPECIAL MACHINES PART-A 1).which type of synchronous machine is used with hydraulic turbines? What is their operating speed range? 2. Why is the field system of an alternator mate as a rotor? 3. Mention the two types of alternator? 4. Define pitch factor and distribution factor as applied to an alternator? 5. Write down any four advantage of short-pitch winding in synchronous machines? 6. What are the factors affecting alternator size? 7. Define voltage regulation of alternator? 8. What is synchronous impedance? 9. What is synchronous reactance? 10. What are the advantages of synchronous motor? 11. Give the advantage of reluctance machines? 12. What is sub-synchronous reluctance motor? 13. What are different types of steeper motor? 14. What is slewing of steeper motor? 15. Write any two application of reluctance motor? 16. Mention two advantages using stepper motor? 17. Mention some of the special features on synchronous machine . PART-B 1. (i) what are the advantages of having stationary armature winding in three phase synchronous generator?
A.R.ENGINEERING COLLEGE, VILLUPURAM

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EC2201- ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

(ii) Explain the construction of a salient pole synchronous machine? (8) 2. (i) Discuss briefly the constructional features of cylindrical rotor alternator? Why do these alternators operation with high speed steam turbines? (8) (ii)Explain the construction details of a three phase alternator which is used for slow speed operation? (8) 3. (i). Derive the induced emfs equation of an alternator? (8) (ii). Explain the principal of operation of hysteresis motor? (8) 4. (i) Explain the principal of operation of reluctance machines? (8) (ii)Explain the construction and operation of a stepper motor? (8) 5. Write short notes on the following: (i) stepper motor (ii) hyste resis motor (16) 6. Explain the emfs method of to predetermine the voltage regulation of an alternator? (16) 7. Explain in detail the M.M.F method of obtaining the regulation of an alternator? (16) 8. Explain the procedure for POTIER method to calculate the voltage regulation? (16) 9. Explain the voltage regulation. Draw the vector diagram of loaded alternator for lagging and leading p.f cases with description and compare them? (16) UNIT-V TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION PART-A 1. Mention the advantages of EHVDC systems? 2. Give the advantages cables compared to overhead transmission lines? 3. Name the types of insulators and its application? 4. What is the level of voltage for (a) generation (b) transmission and (c) distribution? 5. What are the advantages of EHV transmission system? 6. List the various types of cables and the operating voltages for each type? 7. Give some of the transmission voltages used in India? 8. Write some important advantages of dc transmission over ac transmission? 9. Name few insulating materials used in cables? 10. What does a radial feeder mean? 11. Mention the different types of substation and the equipment/apparatus used in substations? 12. What are the constituent sections of the power system? 13. Draw a single line diagram of a modern electric power system? 14. List out different types of HVDC system? 15. What are the major sources of energy used for generation of electric power? 16. State the application of HVDC transmission system? 17. Define SIL? 18. What are ring main systems? 19. What is dielectric stress in a cable? 20. Why alternators are synchronized is power plant? 21. What is the sub transmission network? 22. How cables are classified according to the voltage? 23. List the types of overhead line insulators? PART-B 1. (i)Explain the advantages of high transmission ac voltage? (ii). Explain the connection schemes of distribution system?
A.R.ENGINEERING COLLEGE, VILLUPURAM

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EC2201- ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

2. Discuss the type of insulators? (16) 3. (i) Compare dc and ac transmission? (8) (ii). Explain the types of HVDC links? (8) 4. Explain the general construction of an underground cable? (16) 5. Explain the different types of EHVDC system? (16) 6. (i) Sketch and explain the suspension type insulator? (8) (ii) What are the advantages of EHVDC system? (8) 7. Draw and explain the power flow diagram of a typical transmission and distribution scheme from generating station to the consumer? (16) 8. List the advantages and disadvantages of underground cables? (16) 9. Draw a single line diagram showing the essential parts in a modern power system network and explain the components? (16) 10. Explain in detail about the various types of cables with diagram? (16) 11. (i) Explain the need for high voltage transmission? (8) (ii)Explain working of nuclear power generation plant with schematic arrangement? (8)

A.R.ENGINEERING COLLEGE, VILLUPURAM