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Leistritz Twin Screw Report Aug. 2013

Visit Leistritz @ K2013, October 16-23, 2013 in Dusseldorf, Germany (Hall 16, F22) and see a ZSE-75 MAXX process 80% filled compound and other revolutionary TSE developments
The following is included in this e-tech newsletter: Leistritz Twin Screw Extrusion Workshop to be held December 4-5, 2013 Article: Liquid injection into the TSE process section Technical tip: How to calculate Specific Volume Featured model: ZSE-60 MAXX Upcoming exhibit/presentation schedule Leistritz Twin Screw Extrusion Workshop to be held Dec. 4-5, 2013 Since 1990 5000+ have attended Leistritz educational programs! Leistritz will host its annual Twin Screw Extrusion Workshop on December 4th and 5th in NJ. As always, classroom sessions are supplemented by "hands-on" twin screw extrusion operating experience. A partial list of topics is as follows: High speed, energy input (HSEI) twin screw extruder theory and design Comparison to low speed, late fusion (LSLF) designs Screw design and process techniques Techniques for dispersive and/or distributive mixing Sequencing of multi-stage process operations Devolatilization process techniques and practices Scale-up of the twin screw extrusion process Feeder and materials handling for pellets, powders and liquids Gear pumps and screen changers Pelletizing: strand cut, water ring, and underwater Direct extrusion for sheet, film, fibers and profiles Reactive processing Process troubleshooting Control and monitoring options Screw assembly and disassembly Machine maintenance
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Machine maintenance

Leistritz Twin Screw Report Aug. 2013

Hands-on demonstrations at Leistritz NJ process laboratory will include: Co-rotating and counterrotating twin screw extruders Devolatilization of polymers Downstream addition of fillers, fibers and additives Direct sheet/film extrusion with gear pump front-end Foam extrusion via supercritical injection In addition to Leistritz staff, industry and academia also contribute to the program. To receive the program agenda when finalized (on or about Oct. 1st) contact Sarah Scovens, sscovens@alec-usa.com. To download a presentation from last years workshop entitled Control Systems for Extrusion by Pete Palmer, Wolock & Lott Dates: December 4-5, 2013 Place: Classroom sessions are held at the Holiday Inn in Clinton, NJ. Equipment demonstrations are at the Leistritz Process Laboratory. Transportation is provided to/from the machine demonstrations. Cost: $780 (includes handout materials, lunches, and dinner on day 1) To register for this program contact Sarah Scovens at 908/685-2333, X614 or e-mail sscovens@alec-usa.com. To download a registration form for the Twin Screw Workshop

Liquid injection into the TSE process section A wide range of liquids can be pumped into the TSE process section.i.e. water, supercritical, plasticizers or even a melted/viscous polymer or rubber. Different type pumps may be specified based on the viscosity range and changeover requirements for the liquid being introduced (piston pump, gear pump, peristaltic pump, among others). The liquid is typically injected into downstream barrel sections, and can be supplied as ambient, chilled or heated.

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Leistritz Twin Screw Report Aug. 2013

Dual ambient injection system with mass-flow gauges

Volumetric controls for liquids are typically very accurate. The mass flow rate can also be measured and controlled by placing the liquid tank on load cells with loss-in-weight controller to control the pump motor speed. Alternatively, a mass-flow meter can be used to control and monitor the fluid rate to the extruder.

Example heated liquid feed stream to a TSE

Lower %s of liquid injection (below 20% or so) can be injected in one location. Higher %s, (70%+) require multiple injection ports along the length of the process section. Typical applications include the injection of super-critical fluids (for foaming), injection of plasticizers/oils (i.e. for TPEs) To download a liquid injection flyer..

Calculating Specific Volume (SV) in a twin screw extruder Specific Volume (SV) represents the approximate volume for 1 L/D of the process section. When specifying a TSE its important to know the free volume in the process section. Its not as simple as comparing screw outside diameters (OD) as different outside diameter/inside diameter (OD/ID) ratios are available. A smaller OD/ID ratio results in less free volume, and a larger OD/ID ratio in more free volume. If a process was volumetrically limited, the attainable rate would be directly www.alec-usa.com/Control Systems for Extrusion.pdf

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more free volume. If a process was volumetrically limited, the attainable rate would be directly proportional. To calculate a rough SV approximation the following formula can be used: Specific Volume = .94 x (OD-ID) x OD/1000 Units: SV is denoted in cc/diameter of length OD = Screw outside diameter (each) ID = Screw inside diameter (each) For example: For a ZSE-60 MAXX twin screw extruder with a screw OD of 62 mm and an ID of 37.35 mm (a 1.66 OD/ID ratio) the approximate SV is as follows: SV= .94 x (62-37.35) x 62/1000 = 143 CC/DIA This might compare to a TSE with a 58 mm OD and 1.55 OD/ID ratio with a corresponding SV of approximately 107 cc/dia. See below for a comparison of the different OD/ID geometries:

Leistritz Twin Screw Report Aug. 2013

Featured HSEI TSE: ZSE-60 MAXX twin screw extruder The ZSE-60 MAXX is ideal for mid-rate compounding wide ranging formulations at rates of up to 4,000+ lbs/hr. Its small enough for change-overs and big enough to pump tonnage as needed.

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Leistritz Twin Screw Report Aug. 2013

ZSE-60 MAXX twin screw extruder with underwater pelletizer

Some basic ZSE-60 MAXX specifications are as follows: Screw diameter Flight depth OD/ID ratio MAXX torque rating 62 mm 12.3 mm 1.66 3750 NM

Industry events where Leistritz will participate SPE FOAMS 9/11-12/13, Seattle, WA; Charlie Martin presenting Twin Screw Extruder (TSE) Developments for Novel Foam Processes SPE Color and Appearance RETEC Conference 9/22-24/14, Baltimore, MD; tabletop exhibit K 2013 - 10/16-23/13, Dusseldorf, Germany; big display, a lot of new stuff AAPS 2013 11/10-14/13, San Antonio, TX; 20 display Leistritz Twin Screw Extrusion Workshop 12/4-5/13, Somerville, NJ AMI Compounding World Forum 12/10-11/13, Philadelphia, PA; Bert Elliott presenting Tips for Optimizing Twin-Screw Extrusion Plastec West 2/11-13/14, Anaheim, CA; 15 display NatureWorks Innovation Takes Root 2/17-19/14, Orlando, FL International Polyolefins Conference 2/23-26/14, Houston, TX; tabletop exhibit SPE Continuous Compounding Topcon 3/11-13/14, Cleveland, OH

To receive more information on anything contained in this newsletter e-mail sales@alec-usa.com

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Leistritz Twin Screw Report Aug. 2013

169 Meister Ave. Somerville, NJ, 08876, USA ph: 908/685-2333 e-mail: sales@alec-usa.com www.leistritz-extrusion.com

www.alec-usa.com/Control Systems for Extrusion.pdf

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