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# Chapter-2: Slope Deflection Method

By Prof. H.P.Sudarshan
Sri Siddhartha Institute Of Tech,
Tumkur
Example: Analyze the propped cantilever shown by using slope defection
method. Then draw Bending moment and shear force diagram.
Solution: End A is fixed hence
A
u =0
End B is Hinged hence
B
u 0
Assume both ends are fixed and therefore fixed end moments are
12
wL
F ,
12
wL
F
2
BA
2
AB
+ = =
The Slope deflection equations for final moment at each end are
, )
, )
) 2 (
L
EI 4
12
wL
2
L
EI 2
F M
) 1 (
L
EI 2
12
wL
2
L
EI 2
F M
B
2
A B BA BA
B
2
B A AB AB
u + =
u + u + =
u +

=
u + u + =
In the above equations there is only one unknown
B
u .
To solve we have boundary condition at B;
Since B is simply supported, the BM at B is zero
ie. M
BA
=0.
ise anticlockw is rotation the indicates sign ve -
48
wL
EI
0
L
EI 4
12
wL
M (2) equation From
3
B
B
2
BA
= u
= u + =
Substituting the value of
B
EIu in equation (1) and (2) we have end moments
0
48
wL
L
4
12
wL
M
ise anticlockw is moment indicates sign ve -
8
wL
48
wL
L
2
12
wL
M
3 2
BA
2 3 2
AB
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ + =
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ =
M
BA
has to be zero, because it is hinged.
Now consider the free body diagram of the beam and find reactions using
equations of equilibrium.
wL
8
3
wL
8
5
wL R wL R
wL R R
0 V
wL
8
5
R
wL
8
5
2
L
wL
8
wL
2
L
wL M L R
0 M
A B
B A
A
2
AB A
B
=
= =
= +
= _
=
+ = + =
+ =
= _
Problem can be treated as
The bending moment diagram for the given problem is as below
The max BM occurs where SF=0. Consider SF equation at a distance of x
from right support
2
2
X max
X
wL
128
9
L
8
3
2
w
L
8
3
wL
8
3
M M
B support from L
8
3
at occurs BM max the Hence
L
8
3
X
0 wX wL
8
3
S
=
|
.
|

\
|
= =
=
= + =
And point of contra flexure occurs where BM=0, Consider BM equation at
a distance of x from right support.
L
4
3
X
0
2
X
w wLX
8
3
M
2
X
=
= =
For shear force diagram, consider SF equation from B
wL
8
5
S L S
wL
8
3
S 0 S
wX wL
8
3
S
A X
B X
X
+ = = =
+ = = =
+ =
Example: Analyze two span continuous beam ABC by slope deflection method.
Then draw Bending moment & Shear force diagram. Take EI constant
Solution: Fixed end moments are:
KNM 67 . 41
12
5 20
12
wL
F
KNM 67 . 41
12
5 20
12
wL
F
KNM 89 . 88
6
2 4 100
L
b Wa
F
KNM 44 . 44
6
2 4 100
L
Wab
F
2 2
CB
2 2
BC
2
2
2
2
BA
2
2
2
2
AB
=

=
+
=
=

=
+ =

+ = + =
=

=

=
Since A is fixed 0
A
= u , , 0 , 0
C B
= u = u
Slope deflection equations are:
, )
, )
) 2 ( EI
3
2
89 . 88
6
2 EI 2
89 . 88
2
L
EI 2
F M
) 1 ( EI
3
1
44 . 44
6
EI 2
44 . 44
2
L
EI 2
F M
B
B
A B BA BA
B
B
B A AB AB
u + =
u
+ + =
u + u + =
u + =
u + =
u + u + =
, )
, )
, )
, )
) 4 ( EI
5
2
5
EI 4
67 . 41
2
5
EI 2
67 . 41
2
L
EI 2
F M
) 3 ( EI
5
2
EI
5
4
67 . 41
2
5
EI 2
67 . 41
2
L
EI 2
F M
B C
B C
B C CB CB
C B
C B
C B BC BC
u + u + =
u + u + + =
u + u + =
u + u + =
u + u + =
u + u + =
In all the above four equations there are only two unknown
B
u and
C
u . And
accordingly the boundary conditions are
i -M
BA
-M
BC
=0
M
BA
+M
BC
=0
ii M
CB
=0 since C is end simply support.
) 6 ( 0 EI
5
4
EI
5
2
67 . 41 M
) 5 ( 0 EI
5
2
EI
15
22
22 . 47
EI
5
2
EI
5
4
67 . 41 EI
3
2
89 . 88 M M Now
C B CB
C B
C B B BC BA
> = u + u + =
> = u + u + =
u + u + u + = +
Solving simultaneous equations 5 & 6 we get
EI
B
u = 20.83 Rotation anticlockwise.
EI
C
u = 41.67 Rotation anticlockwise.
Substituting in the slope definition equations
M
AB
= 44.44 + , ) KNM 38 . 51 83 . 20
3
1
=
M
BA
= + 88.89 + , ) KNM 00 . 75 83 . 20
3
2
+ =
M
BC
= 41.67+ , ) , ) KNM 00 . 75 67 . 41
5
2
83 . 20
5
4
= +
M
CB
= + 41.67+ , ) , ) 0 67 . 41
5
4
83 . 20
5
2
= +
Reactions: Consider the free body diagram of the beam.
Find reactions using equations of equilibrium.
Span AB: M
A
= 0 R
B
6 = 1004+75-51.38
R
B
= 70.60 KN
V = 0 R
A
+R
B
= 100KN
R
A
= 100-70.60=29.40 KN
Span BC: M
C
= 0 R
B
5 = 205
2
5
+75
R
B
= 65 KN
V=0 R
B
+R
C
= 205 = 100KN
R
C
= 100-65 = 35 KN
Using these data BM and SF diagram can be drawn.
Max BM:
Span AB: Max BM in span AB occurs under point load and can be found
geometrically
M
max
=113.33-51.38 -
, )
KNM 20 . 46 4
6
38 . 51 75
=

## Span BC:Max BM in span BC occurs where shear force is zero or

changes its sign. Hence consider SF equation w.r.t C
S
x
= 35-20x = 0
20
35
x = =1.75m
Max BM occurs at 1.75m from C
M
max
= 35 1.75 20
2
75 . 1
2
= 30.625 KNM
Example: Analyze continuous beam ABCD by slope deflection method and then
draw bending moment diagram. Take EI constant.
Solution:
0 , 0 , 0
C B A
= u = u = u
FEMS M KN 44 . 44 -
6
2 4 100
L
Wab
F
2
2
2
2
AB
=

= =
KNM 88 . 88
6
2 4 100
L
b Wa
F
2
2
2
2
BA
+ =

+ = + =
KNM 41.67 -
12
5 20
12
wL
F
2 2
BC
=

= =
KNM 41.67
12
5 20
12
wL
F
2 2
CB
+ =

+ = + =
M KN 30 - 5 . 1 20 F
CD
= =
Slope deflection equations:
, ) , ) 1 -- - - - - - - - EI
3
1
44 . 44 2
L
EI 2
F M
B B A AB AB
> u + = u + u + =
, ) , ) 2 -- - - - - - - - EI
3
2
89 . 88 2
L
EI 2
F M
B A B BA BA
> u + + = u + u + =
, ) , ) 3 - - - - - - - - EI
5
2
EI
5
4
67 . 41 2
L
EI 2
F M
C B C B BC BC
> u + u + = u + u + =
, ) , ) 4 - - - - - - - - EI
5
2
EI
5
4
67 . 41 2
L
EI 2
F M
B C B C CB CB
> u + u + + = u + u + =
KNM 30 M
CD
=
In the above equations we have two unknown rotations
C B
and u u , accordingly
the boundary conditions are:
0 M M
0 M M
CD CB
BC BA
= +
= +
, ) 5 - - - - - - - - 0 EI
5
2
EI
15
22
22 . 47
EI
5
2
EI
5
4
67 . 41 EI
3
2
89 . 88 M M , Now
C B
C B B BC BA
> = u + u + =
u + u + u + = +
, ) 6 EI
5
4
EI
5
2
67 . 11
30 EI
5
2
EI
5
4
67 . 41 M M , And
C B
B C CD CB
> u + u + =
u + u + + = +
Solving (5) and (6) we get
clockwise B @ Rotation 75 . 1 EI
ise anticlockw B @ Rotation 67 . 32 EI
C
B
+ = u
= u
Substituting value of
B
EIu and
C
EIu in slope deflection equations we have
, )
, )
, ) , )
, ) , )
KNM 30 M
KNM 00 . 30 67 . 32
5
2
75 . 1
5
4
67 . 41 M
KNM 11 . 67 75 . 1
5
2
67 . 32
5
4
67 . 41 M
KNM 11 . 67 67 . 32
3
2
89 . 88 M
KNM 00 . 61 67 . 32
2
1
44 . 44 M
CD
CB
BC
BA
AB
=
+ = + + + =
= + = + =
+ = + + =
= + =
Reactions: Consider free body diagram of beam AB, BC and CD as shown
AB Span
KN 31 . 32 R 100 R
KN 69 . 67 R
61 11 . 67 4 100 6 R
B A
B
B
= =
=
+ =
BC Span
KN 42 . 57 R 5 20 R
KN 58 . 42 R
11 . 67 30 5
2
5
20 5 R
B B
C
C
= =
=
+ =
Maximum Bending Moments:
Span AB: Occurs under point load
|
.
|

\
|
=

= KNM 26 . 68 4
6
61 11 . 67
61 33 . 133 Max
Span BC: where SF=0, consider SF equation with C as reference
m 13 . 2
20
58 . 42
x
0 x 20 58 . 42 S
X
= =
= =
M KN 26 . 15 30
2
13 . 2
20 13 . 2 58 . 42 M
2
max
= =
Example: Analyse the continuous beam ABCD shown in figure by slope
deflection method. The support B sinks by 15mm.
Take
4 6 2 5
m 10 120 I and m / KN 10 200 E

= =
Solution:
In this problem
A
u =0, = u
B
0, = u
C
0, o =15mm
FEMs:
KNM 44 . 44
L
Wab
F
2
2
AB
= =
KNM 89 . 88
L
b Wa
F
2
2
BA
+ = + =
KNM 67 . 41
8
wL
F
2
BC
= =
KNM 67 . 41
8
wL
F
2
CB
+ = + =
FEM due to yield of support B
For span AB:
KNM 6
1000
15
10 120 10
6
200 6
L
EI 6
m m
6 5
2
2
ba ab
=

=
o = =

KNM 64 . 8
1000
15
10 120 10
5
200 6
L
EI 6
m m
6 5
2
2
cb bc
+ =

+ =
o + = =

## Slope deflection equation

, )
, )
, )
, )
, )
, )
, )
, ) 5 -- - - - - - - - KNM 30 M
4 -- - - - - - - - EI
5
2
EI
5
4
31 . 50
64 . 8 2 EI
5
2
41.67
L
EI 6
) 2 (
L
EI 2
F M
3 -- - - - - - - - EI
5
2
EI
5
4
03 . 33
64 . 8 2 EI
5
2
41.67 -
L
EI 6
) 2 (
L
EI 2
F M
2 -- - - - - - - - EI
3
2
89 . 82
6 EI
3
2
88.89
L
EI 6
) 2 (
L
EI 2
F M
1 -- - - - - - - - EI
3
1
44 . 50
6 EI
3
1
44.44 -
L
EI 6
2
L
EI
F
)
L
3
2 (
L
EI 2
F M
CD
B C
B C
2
B C CB CB
C B
C B
2
C B BC BC
B
B
2
A B BA BA
B
B
2
B A AB
B A AB AB
> =
> u + u + + =
+ u + u + + =
o
+ u + u + =
> u + u + =
+ u + u + =
o
+ u + u + =
> u + + =
u + + =
o
u + u + =
> u + =
u + =
o
u + u + =
o
u + u + =
There are only two unknown rotations
B
u and
C
u . Accordingly the boundary
conditions are
Now,
0 EI
5
4
EI
5
2
31 . 20 M M
0 EI
5
2
EI
15
22
86 . 49 M M
0 M M
0 M M
C B CD CB
C B BC BA
CD CB
BC BA
= u + u + = +
= u + u + = +
= +
= +
Solving these equations we get
ockwise Anticl 71 . 9 EI
ockwise Anticl 35 . 31 EI
C
B
= u
= u
Substituting these values in slope deflections we get the final moments:
, )
, )
, ) , )
, ) , )
KNM 30 M
KNM 00 . 30 35 . 31
5
2
71 . 9
5
4
31 . 50 M
KNM 99 . 61 71 . 9
5
2
35 . 31
5
4
03 . 33 M
KNM 99 . 61 35 . 31
3
2
89 . 82 M
KNM 89 . 60 35 . 31
3
1
44 . 50 M
CD
CB
BC
BA
AB
=
+ = + + + =
= + + =
+ = + + =
= + =
Consider the free body diagram of continuous beam for finding reactions
Reactions:
Span AB:
R
B
6 = 100 x 4 + 61.99 60.89
R
B
= 66.85
R
A
= 100 R
B
=33.15 KN
Span BC:
R
B
5 = 20 x 5 x
2
5
+ 61.99 30
R
B
= 56.40 KN
R
C
= 20 x 5 - R
B
=43.60 KN
Example: Three span continuous beam ABCD is fixed at A and continuous over
B, C and D. The beam subjected to loads as shown. Analyse the beam by slope
deflection method and draw bending moment and shear force diagram.
Solution:
Since end A is fixed 0 , 0 , 0 , 0
D c B A
= u = u = u = u
FEMs:
KNM 30 -
8
4 60
8
Wl
F
AB
=

= =
KNM 30
8
4 60
8
Wl
F
BA
+ =

+ = + =
KNM 12.5
4
M
F
BC
+ = + =
KNM 12.5
4
M
F
CB
+ = + =
KNM 3 13.3 -
12
4 10
12
wl
F
2 2
CD
=

= =
KNM 13.33
12
4 10
12
wl
F
2 2
DC
+ =

+ = + =
Slope deflection equations:
, )
B A AB AB
2
L
EI 2
F M u + u + =
, ) 0
4
EI 2
30 -
B
u + + =
, ) 1 - - - - - - - - EI 0.5 30 -
B
> u + =
, )
A B BA BA
2
L
EI 2
F M u + u + =
, ) 0 2
4
EI 2
30
B
+ u + =
, ) 2 -- - - - - - - - EI 30
B
> u + + =
, )
C B BC BC
2
L
EI 2
F M u + u + =
, ) 2
4
EI 2
12.5
C B
u + u + =
, ) 3 -- - - - - - - - EI 5 . 0 EI 12.5
C B
> u + u + =
, )
B C CB CB
2
L
EI 2
F M u + u + =
, ) 2
4
EI 2
5 . 12
B C
u + u + =
, ) 4 -- - - - - - - - EI 5 . 0 EI 12.5
B C
> u + u + =
, )
D C CD CD
2
L
EI 2
F M u + u + =
, ) 2
4
EI 2
13.33 -
D C
u + u + =
, ) 5 - - - - - - - - - - EI 5 . 0 EI 33 . 13
D C
> u + u + =
, )
C D DC DC
2
L
EI 2
F M u + u + =
, ) 2
4
EI 2
13.33
C D
u + u + =
, ) 6 - - - - - - - - - - EI EI 5 . 0 13.33
D C
> u + u + =
In the above Equations there are three unknowns, EI
D C B
EI & EI , u u u ,
accordingly the boundary conditions are:
) hinged ( 0 M iii
0 M M ii
0 M M i
DC
CD CB
BC BA
=
= +
= +
Now
, ) 7 0 5 . 42 EI 5 . 0 EI 2
0 EI 5 . 0 EI 5 . 12 EI 30
0 M M
C B
C B B
BC BA
> = + u + u
= u + u + + u +
= +
, ) 8 0 83 . 0 EI 5 . 0 EI 2 EI 5 . 0
0 EI 5 . 0 EI 33 . 13 EI 5 . 0 EI 5 . 12
0 M M
D C B
D C B C
BC CB
> = u + u + u
= u + u + u + u + +
= +
0 M
DC
=
, ) 9 0 EI EI 5 . 0 33 . 13
D C
> = u + u +
By solving (7), (8) & (9), we get
90 . 18 EI
15 . 11 EI
04 . 24 EI
D
C
B
= u
+ = u
= u
By substituting the values of
D c B
and , u u u in respective equations we get
, )
, )
, ) , )
, )
, )
, ) , ) KNM 0 90 . 18 15 . 11 5 . 0 33 . 13 M
KNM 63 . 11 90 . 18 5 . 0 15 . 11 33 . 13 M
KNM 63 . 11 04 . 24 5 . 0 15 . 11 5 . 12 M
KNM 5.96 - 11.15 .5 0 24.04 - 12.5 M
KNM 96 . 5 04 . 24 30 M
KNM 02 . 42 04 . 24 5 . 0 30 M
DC
CD
CB
BC
BA
AB
= + + + =
= + + =
+ = + + + =
= + + + + =
+ = + + =
= + =
Reactions: Consider the free body diagram of beam.
Beam AB:
KN 015 . 30 R 60 R
KN 985 . 20
4
02 . 42 96 . 5 2 60
R
B A
B
= =
=
+
=
Beam BC:
downward is R KN 92 . 13 R R
KN 92 . 13
4
96 . 5 50 63 . 11
R
B C B
C
= =
=
+
=
Beam CD:
KN 91 . 22 R 4 10 R
KN 09 . 17
4
63 . 11 2 4 10
R
D C
D
= =
=

=
Example: Analyse the continuous beam shown using slope deflection method.
Then draw bending moment and shear force diagram.
Solution: In this problem fixed is A end , 0
A
= u
FEMs:
M KN 53.33 -
12
8 10
12
wl
F
2 2
AB
=

= =
KNM 53.33
12
wl
F
2
BA
+ = + =
KNM 22.50 -
8
6 30
8
Wl
F
BC
=

= =
KNM 22.50
8
WL
F
CD
+ = + =
Slope deflection equations:
, )
B A AB AB
2
L
EI 2
F M u + u + =
, ) 0
8
I 3 E 2
53.33 -
B
u +

+ =
, ) 1 - - - - - - - - EI
4
3
53.33 -
B
> u + =
, )
A B BA BA
2
L
EI 2
F M u + u + =
, ) 0 2
8
I 3 E 2
53.33
B
+ u

+ + =
, ) 2 - - - - - - - - EI
2
3
53.33
B
> u + =
, )
C B BC BC
2
L
EI 2
F M u + u + =
, ) 2
6
I 2 E 2
22.5 -
C B
u + u + =
, ) 3 - - - - - - - - EI
3
2
EI
3
4
22.5 -
C B
> u + u + =
, )
B C CB CB
2
L
EI 2
F M u + u + =
, ) 2
6
I 2 E 2
22.5
B C
u + u + + =
, ) 4 - - - - - - - - EI
3
2
EI
3
4
22.5
B C
> u + u + + =
In the above equation there are two unknown
C B
and u u , accordingly the
boundary conditions are:
0 M ii
0 24 M M i
CB
BC BA
=
=
, ) 5 0 EI
3
2
EI
6
17
83 . 54
24 EI
3
2
EI
3
4
5 . 22 EI
2
3
33 . 53 24 M M , Now
C B
C B B BC BA
> = u + u + + =
+ u + u + u + = +
0 EI
3
2
EI
3
4
5 . 22 M and
B C CB
= u + u + =

(6) -- - - - - - - - - - EI
3
1
25 . 11 EI
3
2
B C
> u = u
Substituting in eqn. (5)
clockwise anti rotation 432 . 17
15
6 58 . 44
EI
0 EI
6
15
44.58
0 EI
3
1
25 . 11 EI
6
17
83 . 54
B
B
B B
=

= u
= u + +
= u u +
from equation (6)
, )
ise anticlockw rotation 159 . 8
432 . 17
3
1
25 . 11
2
3
EI
C
=
1
]
1

= u
Substituting 159 . 8 EI and 432 . 17 EI
C B
= u = u in the slope deflection equation
we get Final Moments:
, )
, ) KNM 18 . 27 432 . 17
2
3
33 . 53 M
KNM -66.40 17.432 -
4
3
33 . 53 M
BA
AB
+ = + + =
= + =
, ) , )
, ) 00 . 0 ) 432 . 17 (
3
2
159 . 8
3
4
5 . 22 M
KNM 18 . 51 159 . 8
3
2
432 . 17
3
4
5 . 22 M
CB
BC
= + + + =
= + + =
Reactions: Consider free body diagram of beams as shown
Span AB:
KN 87 . 44 R 8 10 R
KN 13 . 35
8
4 8 10 40 . 66 18 . 27
R
B A
B
= =
=
+
=
Span BC:
KN 47 . 6 R 30 R
KN 53 . 23
6
3 30 18 . 51
R
B C
B
= =
=
+
=
Max BM
Span AB: Max BM occurs where SF=0, consider SF equation with A as origin
KNM 67 . 36 64
2
487 . 4
10 487 . 4 87 . 44 M
m 487 . 4 x
0 10x - 87 . 44 S
2
max
x
= =
=
= =
Span BC: Max BM occurs under point load
M KN 41 . 19
2
18 . 51
45 M BC
max
= =
Example: Analyse the beam shown in figure. End support C is subjected to an
anticlockwise moment of 12 KNM.
Solution: In this problem fixed is end , 0
A
= u
FEMs:
KNM 67 . 26
12
4 20
12
wl
F
2 2
BC
=

= =
KNM 26.67
12
wl
F
2
CB
+ = + =
Slope deflection equations:
, )
B A AB AB
2
L
EI 2
F M u + u + =
, ) 0
4
I 2 E 2
0
B
u + + =
, ) 1 -- - - - - - - - EI
B
> u =
, )
A B BA BA
2
L
EI 2
F M u + u + =
, ) 0 2
4
I 2 E 2
0
B
+ u + =
, ) 2 -- - - - - - - - EI 2
B
> u =
, )
C B BC BC
2
L
EI 2
F M u + u + =
, ) 2
4
I 5 . 1 E 2
26.67 -
C B
u + u

+ =
, ) 3 -- - - - - - - - EI
4
3
EI
2
3
26.67 -
C B
> u + u + =
, )
B C CB CB
2
L
EI 2
F M u + u + =
, ) 2
4
I 5 . 1 E 2
26.67
B C
u + u

+ + =
, ) 4 -- - - - - - - - EI
4
3
EI
2
3
26.67
B C
> u + u + + =
In the above equation there are two unknowns
C B
and u u , accordingly the
boundary conditions are
0 12 M
0 M M
CB
BC BA
= +
= +
(5) -- - - - - - - - 0 67 . 26 EI
4
3
EI
2
7
EI
4
3
EI
2
3
67 . 26 EI 2 M M , Now
C B
C B B BC BA
> = u + u =
u + u + u = +
(6) -- - - - - - - - 0 EI
2
3
EI
4
3
67 . 38
12 EI
4
3
EI
2
3
67 . 26 12 M , and
C B
B C CB
> = u + u + =
+ u + u + = +
From (5) and (6)
72 . 14
25
8
46 EI
0 46 EI
8
25
0 33 . 19 EI
4
3
EI
8
3
0 67 . 26 EI
4
3
EI
2
7
B
B
C B
C B
+ = + = u
= u
= + u + u
= u + u
From (6)
, )
ise anticlockw rotation indicates sign ve - 14 . 33
72 . 14
4
3
67 . 38
3
2
EI
C
=
|
.
|

\
|
+ = u
equations deflection slope is EI and EI ng Substituti
C B
u u
, )
KNM 12 ) 72 . 14 (
4
3
) 14 . 33 (
2
3
67 . 26 M
KNM 44 . 29 14 . 33
4
3
) 72 . 14 (
2
3
67 . 26 M
KNM 42 . 29 ) 72 . 14 ( 2 EI 2 M
KNM 72 . 14 EI M
CB
BC
B BA
B AB
= + + + =
= + + =
= = u =
+ = u =
Reaction: Consider free body diagrams of beam
Span AB:
KN 04 . 11 R R
KN 04 . 11
4
44 . 29 72 . 14
R
B A
B
= =
=
+
=
Span BC:
KN 64 . 29 R 4 20 R
KN 36 . 50
4
2 4 20 12 44 . 29
R
B C
B
= =
=
+ +
=
Example: Analyse the simple frame shown in figure. End A is fixed and ends B &
C are hinged. Draw the bending moment diagram.
Solution:
In this problem , 0 , 0 , 0 , 0
D C B A
= u = u = u = u
FEMS:-
KNM 10
8
WL
F
KNM 10
8
4 20
8
WL
F
KNM 67 . 26
12
4 20
12
wl
F
KNM 67 . 26
12
4 20
12
wl
F
KNM 33 . 53
6
4 2 120
L
b Wa
F
KNM 67 . 106
6
4 2 120
L
Wab
F
DB
CD
2 2
CB
2 2
BC
2
2
2
2
BA
2
2
2
2
AB
= =
+ =

+ = + =
+ =

+ = + =
=

= =
+ =

+ = + =
=

= =
Slope deflections are
, )
, ) ) 1 ( EI
3
2
67 . 106
6
I 2 E 2
67 . 106
2
L
EI 2
F M
B B
B A AB AB
> u + = u + =
u + u + =
, )
, )
, )
, )
, )
, ) ) 4 ( EI
4
3
EI
2
3
67 . 26 2
2
I 3
4
E 2
67 . 26
2
L
EI 2
F M
) 3 ( EI
4
3
EI
2
3
67 . 26 2
2
I 3
4
E 2
67 . 26
2
L
EI 2
F M
) 2 ( EI
3
4
33 . 53 2
6
I 2 E 2
33 . 53
2
L
EI 2
F M
B C B C
B C CB CB
C B C B
C B CB BC
B B
B B BA BA
> u + u + + = u + u + + =
u + u + =
> u + u + = u + u + =
u + u + =
> u + + = u + + =
u + u + =
, )
, )
, )
, ) ) 6 ( EI
2
1
EI 10 2
4
EI 2
10
2
L
EI 2
F M
) 5 ( EI
2
1
EI 10 2
4
EI 2
10
2
L
EI 2
F M
B D B D
B D DB DB
D B D B
D B BD BD
> u + u + = u + u + =
u + u + =
> u + u + + = u + u + + =
u + u + =
In the above equations we have three unknown rotations
B
u ,
C
u ,
D
u accordingly
we have three boundary conditions.
0 M M M
BD BC BA
= + +
0 M
CB
= Since C and D are hinged
0 M
DB
=
Now
(9) -- - - - 0 EI EI
2
1
10 M
(8) -- - - - 0 EI
2
3
EI
4
3
6.67 2 M
(7) -- - - - 0 EI
2
1
EI
4
3
EI
6
23
36.66
EI
2
1
EI 10 EI
4
3
EI
2
3
67 . 26 EI
3
4
33 . 53 M M M
D B DB
C B CB
D C B
D B C B B BD BC BA
> = u + u + =
> = u + u + =
> = u + u + u + =
u + u + + u + u + u + = + +
Solving equations 7, 8, & 9 we get
414 . 14 EI
36 . 13 EI
83 . 8 EI
D
C
B
+ = u
= u
= u
Substituting these values in slope equations
0 ) 83 . 8 (
2
1
) 414 . 14 ( 10 M
KNM 38 . 8 ) 414 . 14 (
2
1
) 83 . 8 ( 10 M
0 ) 83 . 8 (
4
3
) 36 . 13 (
2
3
67 . 26 M
KNM 94 . 49 ) 36 . 13 (
4
3
) 3 . 8 (
2
3
67 . 26 M
KNM 56 . 41 ) 83 . 8 (
3
4
33 . 53 M
KNM 56 . 112 ) 83 . 8 (
3
2
67 . 106 M
DB
BD
CB
BC
BA
AB
= + + =
= + + + =
= + + + =
= + + =
= + =
= + =
Reactions: Consider free body diagram of each members
Span AB:
KN 83 . 91 R 120 R
KN 17 . 28
6
2 120 56 . 112 56 . 41
R
B A
B
= =
=
+
=
Span BC:
KN 515 . 27 R 4 20 R
KN 485 . 52
4
2 4 20 94 . 49
R
B C
B
= =
=
+
=
Column BD:
j 20 H H KN 78 . 12 H
KN 92 . 7
4
33 . 8 2 20
H
D A B
D
= + =
=

=

Example: Analyse the portal frame shown in figure and also drawn bending
moment and shear force diagram
Solution:
Symmetrical problem
0 , 0 , 0 , 0
D C B A
= u = u = u = u
FEMS
KNM 106.67 -
6
2 4 80
6
4 2 80
L
cd W
L
ab W
F
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
BC
=

=
=
KNM 67 . 106
L
d c W
L
b Wa
F
2
2
2
2
2
CB
+ = + + =
Slope deflection equations:
, ) , ) , ) 1 - - - - - - - - EI
2
1
0
4
EI 2
0 2
L
EI 2
F M
B B B A AB AB
> u = u + + = u + u + =
, ) , ) , ) 2 -- - - - - - EI 0 2
4
EI 2
0 2
L
EI 2
F M
B B A B BA BA
> u = + u + = u + u + =
, )
, ) 3 - - - - - - EI
3
2
EI
3
4
67 . 106 ) 2 (
6
I 2 E 2
67 . 106
2
L
EI 2
F M
C B C B
C B BC BC
> u + u + = u + u + =
u + u + =
, )
, ) 4 - - - - - - EI
3
2
EI
3
4
67 . 106 ) 2 (
6
I 2 E 2
67 . 106
2
L
EI 2
F M
B C B C
B C CB CB
> u + u + + = u + u + + =
u + u + =
, )
, ) 5 -- - - - - - EI ) 0 2 (
4
EI 2
0
2
L
EI 2
F M
C C
D C CD CD
> u = + u + =
u + u + =
, )
, ) 6 -- - - - - - EI
2
1
) 0 (
4
EI 2
0
2
L
EI 2
F M
C C
C D DC DC
> u = u + + =
u + u + =
In the above equation there are two unknown rotations. Accordingly the boundary
conditions are
0 M M
0 M M
CD CB
BC BA
= +
= +
Now (7) -- - - - - - 0 EI
3
2
EI
3
7
67 . 106 M M
C B BC BA
> = u + u + = +
(8) -- - - - - - 0 EI
3
7
EI
3
2
67 . 106 M M
C B CD CB
> = u + u + + = +
Multiply by (7) and (8) by 2
Clockwise 64
45
3
03 . 960 EI
0 EI
3
45
960.03 -
subtracts
0 EI
3
14
EI
3
4
34 . 213
0 EI
3
14
EI
3
49
69 . 746
B
B
C B
C B
+ = + = u
= u +

= u + u + +
= u + u +
Using equation (7)
ckwise Anticlo 64 64
3
7
67 . 106
2
3
-
EI
3
7
67 . 106
2
3
EI
B C
=
1
]
1

+ =
1
]
1

u + = u
Here we find
C B
u = u . It is obvious because the problem is symmetrical.
are moments Final
, )
, )
KNM -32 64
2
1
M
KNM 64 M
KNM 64 64
3
2
) 64 (
3
4
67 . 106 M
KNM 64 64
3
2
64
3
4
67 . 106 M
KNM 64 M
KNM 32
2
64
M
DC
CD
CB
BC
BA
AB
= =
=
+ = + + + =
= + + =
=
+ = + =
Consider free body diagrams of beam and columns as shown
By symmetrical we can write
KNM 80 R R
KNM 60 R R
C D
B A
= =
= =
Now consider free body diagram of column AB
Apply
KN 24 H
32 64 4 H
0 M
A
A
B
=
+ =
= _
Similarly from free body diagram of column CD
Apply
KN 24 H
32 64 4 H
0 M
D
A
C
=
+ =
= _
Check:
0 H H
0 H
D A
= +
=
_
Hence okay
Note: Since symmetrical, only half frame may be analysed. Using first three
equations
and taking
C B
u = u
Example: Analyse the portal frame and then draw the bending moment diagram
Solution:
This is a symmetrical frame and unsymmetrically loaded, thus it is an
unsymmetrical problem and there is a sway
Assume sway to right.
Here 0 , 0 , 0 , 0
D B D A
= u = u = u = u
FEMS:
KNM 75 . 93
8
3 5 80
L
b Wa
F
KNM 25 . 56
8
3 5 80
L
Wab
F
2
2
2
2
CB
2
2
2
2
BC
+ =

+ = + =
=

= =
Slope deflection equations
, )
, ) 2 - - - - - - - - EI
8
3
EI
4
3
0 2
4
2EI
0
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
1 - - - - - - - - EI
8
3
EI
2
1
4
3
0
4
2EI
0
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
B B
A B BA BA
B B
B A AB AB
> o u = |
.
|

\
| o
+ u + =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
> o u = |
.
|

\
| o
u + + =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
, )
, ) , )
, )
, ) , )
, )
, ) 6 -- - - - - - - - EI
8
3
EI
2
1
4
3
0
4
2EI
0
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
5 -- - - - - - - - EI
8
3
EI
4
3
0 2
4
2EI
0
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
4 -- - - - - - - - EI
4
1
EI
2
1
75 . 93 2
8
2EI
75 . 93
2
L
EI 2
F M
3 -- - - - - - - - EI
4
1
EI
2
1
25 . 56 2
8
2EI
25 . 56
2
L
EI 2
F M
C C
C D DC DC
C C
D C CD CD
B C B C
B C CB CB
C B C B
C B BC BC
> o u = |
.
|

\
| o
u + + =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
> o u = |
.
|

\
| o
+ u + =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
> u + u + = u + u + + =
u + u + =
> u + u + = u + u + =
u + u + =
In the above equation there are three unknowns o u u and ,
C B
, accordingly the
boundary conditions are,
0 M M M M
0
4
M M
4
M M
, e . i
condition Shear - - - 0 P H H
0 M M
conditions int Jo 0 M M
DC CD BA AB
DC CD BA AB
H D A
CD CB
BC BA
= + + +
=
+
+
+
> = _ + +
= +
> = +
, ) 7 0 EI
8
3
EI
4
1
EI
2
3
25 . 56
0 EI
4
1
EI
2
1
25 . 56 EI
8
3
EI M M , Now
C B
C B B BC BA
> = o u + u + =
= u + u + o u = +
, ) 8 0 EI
8
3
EI
2
3
EI
4
1
75 . 93
0 EI
8
3
EI EI
4
1
EI
2
1
75 . 93 M M , And
C B
C B C CD CB
> = o u + u + =
= o u + u + u + = +
, ) 9 0 EI
2
3
EI
2
3
EI
2
3
EI
` 8
3
EI
2
1
EI
8
3
EI EI
8
3
EI EI
8
3
EI
2
1
M M M M , And
C B
C
C B B DC CD BA AB
> = o u + u =
o u +
o u + o u + o u = + + +
(8) & (7) in Substitute
EI EI EI (9) From
C B
u + u = o
(7) Eqn
j
, ) 10 -- - - - - - 0 EI
8
1
EI
8
9
25 . 56
0 EI EI
8
3
EI
4
1
EI
2
3
25 . 56
C B
C B C B
> = u u +
= u + u u + u +
) 8 ( Eqn
j
, ) 11 - - - - - - - - - - 0 EI
8
9
EI
8
1
75 . 93
0 EI EI
8
3
EI
2
3
EI
4
1
75 . 93
C B
C B C B
> = u + u +
= u + u u + u + +
Solving equations (10) & (11) we get 25 . 41 EI
B
= u
By Equation (10)
5 . 37 75 . 78 25 . 41 EI EI EI
75 . 78 25 . 41
8
9
25 . 56 8
EI
8
9
25 . 56 8 EI
C B
B C
= = u + u = o
=
1
]
1

+ =
1
]
1

u + = u
Hence
5 . 37 EI , 75 . 78 EI , 25 . 41 EI
C B
= o = u = u
Substituting these values in slope deflection equations, we have
, ) , )
, )
, ) , )
, ) , )
, )
, ) , ) KNM 31 . 25 5 . 37
8
3
75 . 78
2
1
M
KNM 69 . 64 5 . 37
8
3
75 . 78 M
KNM 69 . 64 75 . 41
4
1
75 . 78
2
1
75 . 93 M
KNM 31 . 55 75 . 78
4
1
25 . 41
2
1
25 . 56 M
KNM 31 . 55 5 . 37
8
3
25 . 41 M
KNM 69 . 34 5 . 37
8
3
25 . 41
2
1
M
DC
CD
CB
BC
BA
AB
= =
= =
+ = + + =
= + + =
+ = =
+ = =
Reactions: consider the free body diagram of beam and columns
Column AB:
KN 5 . 22
4
31 . 55 69 . 34
H
A
=
+
=
Span BC:
17 . 51 R 80 R
KN 83 . 28
8
3 80 69 . 64 31 . 55
R
B C
B
= =
=
+
=
Column CD:
5 . 22
4
31 . 25 69 . 64
H
D
=
+
=
Check:
H = 0
H
A
+ H
D
= 0
22.5 22.5 = 0
Hence okay
Example: Frame ABCD is subjected to a horizontal force of 20 KN at joint C as
shown in figure. Analyse and draw bending moment diagram.
Solution:
Frame is Symmetrical and unsymmetrical loaded hence there is a sway.
Assume sway towards right
FEMS
0 F F F F F F
DC CD CB BC BA AB
= = = = = =
Slope deflection equations are
, )
, ) 2 EI
3
2
EI
3
4
3
3
2
3
EI 2
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
1 -- - - - - - - - EI
3
2
EI
3
2
3
3
3
EI 2
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
B
B
A B BA BA
B
B
B A AB AB
> o u =
|
.
|

\
| o
u =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
> o u =
|
.
|

\
| o
u =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
, )
, )
, )
, )
, )
, )
, ) 5 EI
3
2
EI
3
4
3
3
2
3
2EI
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
4 - - - - - - - - EI 5 . 0 EI
2
4
EI 2
2
L
EI 2
F M
3 - - - - - - - - EI 5 . 0 EI
2
4
EI 2
2
L
EI 2
F M
C
C
D C CD CD
B C
B C
B C CB CB
C B
C B
C B BC BC
> o u =
1
]
1

o
u =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
> u + u =
u + u =
u + u + =
> u + u =
u + u =
u + u + =
, ) 6 -- - - - - - - - EI
3
2
EI
3
2
3
3
3
EI 2
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
C
c
C D DC DC
> o u =
1
]
1

o
u =
1
]
1

o
u + u + =
The unknown are o u u & ,
C , B
. are conditions boundary the y Accordingl
0 60 M M M M
0 20
3
M M
3
M M
, e . i
0 20 H H . III
0 M M . I I
0 M M . I
DC CD BA AB
DC CD BA AB
D A
CD CB
BC BA
= + + +
=
+
+
+
= +
= +
= +
, ) 7 0 EI
3
2
EI 5 . 0 EI
3
7
EI 5 . 0 EI EI
3
2
EI
3
4
M M Now
C B
C B B BC BA
> = o u + u =
u + u + o u = +
, ) 8 0 EI
3
2
EI
3
7
EI 5 . 0
EI
3
2
EI
3
4
EI 5 . 0 EI M M and
C B
C B C CD CB
> = o u + u =
o u + u + u = +
, ) 9 0 60 EI
3
8
EI 2 EI 2
60 EI
3
2
EI
3
2
EI
3
2
EI
3
4
EI
3
2
EI
3
4
EI
3
2
EI
3
2
60 M M M M and
C B
C
C B B DC CD BA AB
= o u + u =
o u + o
u + o u + o u = + + +
Solving (7).(8) & (9) we get
77 . 34 EI
, 18 . 8 EI
, 18 . 8 EI
C
B
= o
= u
= u
Substituting the value of o u u and ,
C B
in slope deflection equations
, ) , )
, ) , )
, )
, )
, ) , )
, ) , ) KNM 73 . 17 77 . 34
3
2
18 . 8
3
2
M
KNM 27 . 12 77 . 34
3
2
18 . 8
3
4
M
KNM 27 . 12 18 . 8 18 . 8 5 . 0 M
KNM 27 . 12 18 . 8 5 . 0 18 . 8 0 M
KNM 27 . 12 77 . 34
3
2
18 . 8
3
4
M
KNM 73 . 17 77 . 34
3
2
18 . 8
3
2
M
DC
CD
CB
BC
BA
AB
+ = =
+ = =
= =
= + =
+ = =
+ = =
Reactions: Consider the free body diagram of the members
Member AB:
KN 10
3
27 . 12 73 . 17
H
A
=
+
=
Member BC:
downwards R of direction indicates sign ve - KN 135 . 6 R R
KN 135 . 6
4
27 . 12 27 . 12
R
B C B
C
= =
=
+
=
Member CD:
right to left is H of direction the indicates sign ve - KN 10
3
27 . 12 73 . 17
H
D D
=

=
Check: H = 0
H
A
+ H
D
+ P = 0
+10 + 10 20 = 0
Hence okay
Example: Analyse the portal frame subjected to loads as shown. Also draw
bending moment diagram.
The frame is symmetrical but loading is unsymmetrical. Hence there is a sway.
Assume sway towards right. In this problem 0 , 0 , 0 , 0
D C B A
= u = u = u = u
FEMs:
KNM 13.33 -
12
4 10
12
wl
F
2 2
AB
=

= =
KNM 13.33
12
4 10
12
wl
F
2 2
BA
+ =

+ = + =
KNM 112.5 -
8
10 90
8
wl
F
BC
=

= =
KNM 112.5
8
10 90
8
wl
F
CB
+ =

= =
Slope deflection equations:
|
.
|

\
| o
+ u + u + =
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
B A AB AB
4
3
0
4
EI 2
13.33 -
B
|
.
|

\
| o
u + + =
, ) 1 -- - - - - - - - EI 375 . 0 EI 5 . 0 13.33 -
B
> o u + =
|
.
|

\
| o
+ u + u + =
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
A B BA BA
4
3
0 2
4
EI 2
13.33
B
|
.
|

\
| o
+ u + =
, ) 2 -- - - - - - - - EI 375 . 0 EI 13.33
B
> o u + =
, )
C B BC BC
2
L
EI 2
F M u + u + =
, ) 2
10
I 3 E 2
112.5 -
C B
u + u + =
, ) 3 -- - - - - - - - EI 6 . 0 1.2EI 112.5 -
C B
> u + u + =
, )
B C CB CB
2
L
EI 2
F M u + u + =
, ) 2
10
I 3 E 2
112.5
B C
u + u + + =
, ) 4 -- - - - - - - - EI 6 . 0 1.2EI 112.5
B C
> u + u + =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
D C CD CD
4
3
0 2
4
EI 2
0
C
|
.
|

\
| o
+ u + =
, ) 5 -- - - - - - - - EI 375 . 0 EI
C
> o u =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
C D DC DC
4
3
2 0
4
EI 2
0
C
|
.
|

\
| o
u + + =
, ) 6 -- - - - - - - - EI 375 . 0 0.5EI
C
> o u =
o u u EI and EI EI unknowns 3 are There
C B,
, accordingly the boundary conditions
are
0 40 H H
0 M M
0 M M
D A
CD CB
BC BA
= + +
= +
= +
4
M M
H
M M 4 H and
4
80 M M
H
2
4
4 10 M M 4 H Here
DC CD
D
BC CD D
BA AB
A
BA AB A
+
=
+ =
+
=
+ =
0 80 M M M M
0 40
4
M M
4
80 M M
DC CD BA AB
DC CD BA AB
= + + + +
= +
+
+
+

Now M
BA
+ M
BC
= 0
, ) , )
(8) - - - - - - - - 0 EI 375 . 0 EI 6 . 0 EI 2 . 2 5 . 112
0 EI 375 . 0 EI EI 6 . 0 EI 2 . 1 5 . 112
5 4 0 M M and
(7) - - - - - - - - 0 17 . 99 EI 375 . 0 EI 6 . 0 EI 2 . 2
0 EI 6 . 0 EI 2 . 1 5 . 112 EI 375 . 0 EI 33 . 13
B C
C B C
DC CB
C B
C B B
> = o u + u +
= o u + u + u +
+ = +
> = o u + u
= u + u + o u
(9) -- - - - - - - - 0 80 EI -1.5 EI 1.5 EI 5 . 1
0 80 EI 375 . 0 EI 5 . 0
EI 375 . 0 EI EI 375 . 0 EI 33 . 13 EI 375 . 0 EI 5 . 0 33 . 13
0 80 M M M M also
C B
C
C B B
DC CB BA AB
> = + o u + u
= + o u +
o u + uo u + + o u +
= + + + +
By solving (7), (8) and (9) we get
34 . 66 EI
64 . 59 EI
65 . 72 EI
C
B
+ = o
= u
= u
Final moments:
, ) , )
, )
, ) , )
, ) , )
KNM 70 . 54 ) 34 . 66 ( 375 . 0 ) 64 . 59 ( 5 . 0 M
KNM 52 . 84 ) 34 . 66 ( 375 . 0 64 . 59 M
KNM 52 . 84 65 . 72 6 . 0 64 . 59 2 . 1 5 . 112 M
KNM 10 . 61 64 . 59 6 . 0 65 . 72 2 . 1 5 . 112 M
KNM 10 . 61 34 . 66 375 . 0 65 . 72 M
KNM -1.88 66.34 375 . 0 65 . 72 5 . 0 33 . 13 M
DC
CD
CB
BC
BA
AB
= =
= =
= + + =
= + = + =
= + =
= + =
Reactions: Consider the free body diagrams of various members
Member AB:
left to right from is H of direction indicates sign ve - KN 195 . 5
4
2 4 10 88 . 1 10 . 61
H
A
A
=

=
Member BC:
KN 34 . 38 R 90 R
KN 34 . 47
10
5 90 10 . 61 52 . 84
R
C B
C
= =
=
+
=
Member CD
KN 81 . 34
4
7 . 54 54 . 84
H
D
=
+
=
Check
H = 0
H
A
+ H
D
+10 4 = 0
-5.20 - 34.81+ 40 = 0
Hence okay
Example: Analyse the portal frame and then draw the bending moment diagram
Solution:
Since the columns have different moment of inertia, it is an unsymmetrical
frame. Assume sway towards right
FEMS:
KNM 60
8
WL
F
KNM 60
8
6 80
8
WL
F
CB
BC
+ = + =
=

= =
Here 0 , 0
D A
= u = u
Slope deflection equations
, )
, ) 2 - - - - - - - - EI
8
3
EI
4
3
0 2
4
2EI
0
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
1 - - - - - - - - EI
8
3
EI
2
1
4
3
0
4
2EI
0
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
B B
A B BA BA
B B
B A AB AB
> o u = |
.
|

\
| o
+ u + =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
> o u = |
.
|

\
| o
u + + =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
, )
, ) , )
, )
, ) , )
, )
, ) 6 -- - - - - - - - EI
4
3
EI
4
3
0
4
2E2I
0
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
5 -- - - - - - - - EI
4
3
EI 2
4
3
0 2
4
2E2I
0
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
4 -- - - - - - - - EI
3
4
EI
3
2
60 2
6
2E2I
60
2
L
EI 2
F M
3 -- - - - - - - - EI
3
2
EI
3
4
60 2
6
2E2I
60
2
L
EI 2
F M
C C
C D DC DC
C C
D C CD CD
C B B C
B C CB CB
C B C B
C B BC BC
> o u = |
.
|

\
| o
u + + =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
> o u = |
.
|

\
| o
+ u + =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
> u + u + + = u + u + =
u + u + =
> u + u + = u + u + =
u + u + =
In the above equation there are three unknowns o u u and ,
C B
, accordingly the
boundary conditions are,
0 M M M M
0
4
M M
4
M M
, e . i
condition Shear - - - 0 H H
conditions int Jo 0 M M
0 M M
DC CD BA AB
DC CD BA AB
D A
CD CB
BC BA
= + + +
=
+
+
+
> = +
> = +
= +
, ) 7 0 EI
8
3
EI
3
2
EI
3
7
60
0 EI
3
2
EI
3
4
60 EI
8
3
EI M M , Now
C B
C B B BC BA
> = o u + u + =
= u + u + o u = +
, ) 8 0 60 EI
4
3
EI
3
10
EI
3
2
0 EI
4
3
EI 2 EI
3
4
EI
3
2
60 M M , And
C B
C C B CD CB
> = + o u + u =
= o u + u + u + + = +
, ) 9 0 EI
4
9
EI 3 EI
2
3
EI
4
3
EI
EI
4
3
EI 2 EI
8
3
EI EI
8
3
EI
2
1
M M M M , And
C B
C
C B B DC CD BC AB
> = o u + u =
o u +
o u + o u + o u = + + +
(7) in EI of value ng Substituti
EI 3 EI
2
3
9
4
EI (9) From
C B
o
|
.
|

\
|
u + u = o
, ) 10 -- - - - - - 0 60 EI
6
1
EI
12
25
0 60 EI
2
1
EI
4
1
EI
3
2
EI
3
7
0 60 EI 3 EI
2
3
9
4
8
3
EI
3
2
EI
3
7
C B
C B C B
C B C B
> = u + u
= u u u + u
=
1
]
1

|
.
|

\
|
u + u u + u
Substituting value of EI o in (8)
, ) 11 -- - - - - - 0 60 EI
3
7
EI
6
1
0 60 EI EI
2
1
EI
3
10
EI
3
2
0 60 EI 3 EI
2
3
9
4
8
3
EI
3
10
EI
3
2
C B
C B C B
C B C B
> = + u + u
= + u u u + u
= +
1
]
1

|
.
|

\
|
u + u u + u
Solving (10) & (11) we get EI
B
u =31.03
By Equation (11)
3 . 27
60 EI
6
1
7
3
EI
B C
=
1
]
1

+ u = u
Now
55 . 16 EI 3 EI
2
3
9
4
EI
C B
= |
.
|

\
|
u + u = o
Now
EI
B
u =31.03, 3 . 27 EI
C
= u , EI 55 . 16 = o
Substituting these values in slope deflection equations,
The final moments are:
, ) , )
, )
, ) , )
, ) , )
, ) KNM 52 . 15 55 . 16
4
3
93 . 27 M
KNM 45 . 43 ) 55 . 16 (
4
3
) 93 . 27 ( 2 M
KNM 43 . 43 93 . 27
3
4
03 . 31
3
2
60 M
KNM 25 . 37 93 . 27
3
2
03 . 31
3
4
60 M
KNM 24 . 37 55 . 16
8
3
03 . 31 M
KNM 72 . 21 55 . 16
8
3
03 . 31
2
1
M
DC
CD
CB
BC
BA
AB
= =
= =
+ = + + + =
= + + =
= =
= =
Reactions: consider the free body diagram of beam and columns
Column AB:
KN 74 . 14
4
72 . 21 25 . 37
H
A
=
+
=
Beam BC:
03 . 41 R 80 R
KN 97 . 38
6
3 80 45 . 43 25 . 37
R
B C
B
= =
=
+
=
Column CD:
KN 74 . 14
4
52 . 15 45 . 43
H
D
=
+
=
Check:
H = 0
H
A
+ H
D
= 0
14.74-14.74=0
Hence okay
Ex: Portal frame shown is fixed at ends A and D, the joint B is rigid and joint C is
hinged. Analyse the frame and draw BMD.
Solution:
FEMs:
0 , 0 , 0 , 0 , 0 Here
KNM 60
8
6 80
8
WL
F
KNM 60
8
6 80
8
WL
F
CD CB B D A
CB
BC
= u = u = u = u = u
+ =

= + =
=

= =
Since C is hinged member CB and CD will rotate independently. Also the
frame is unsymmetrical, will also have sway. Let the sway be towards right.
The slope deflections are:
) 1 ( EI
8
3
EI
2
1
4
3
0
4
EI 2
0
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
B
B
B A AB AB
> o u =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + + =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
, )
, )
, )
) 6 ( EI
8
3
EI
2
1
4
3
0
4
EI 2
0
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
) 5 ( EI
8
3
EI
4
3
0 2
4
EI 2
0
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
) 4 ( EI
3
2
EI
3
4
60
2
6
I 2 . E 2
60
2
L
EI 2
F M
) 3 ( EI
3
2
EI
3
4
60
2
6
I 2 . E 2
60
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
) 2 ( EI
8
3
EI
4
3
0 2
4
EI 2
0
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
CD
CD
CD D DC DC
CD
CD
D CD CD CD
B CB
B CB
B CB CB CB
CB B
CB B
C B BC BC
B
B
A B BA BA
> o u =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + + =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
> o u =
|
.
|

\
| o
+ u + =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
> u + u + + =
u + u + + =
u + u + =
> u + u + =
u + u + =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
> o u =
|
.
|

\
| o
+ u + =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
In the above equations are and , ,
CD CB B
o u u u unknowns. According the
boundary conditions are
I. M
BA
+M
BC
= 0,
II. M
CB
= 0,
III. M
CD
= 0,
IV. H
A
+H
D
= 0
0 M M M M
0
4
M M
4
M M
, e .. i
DC CD BA AB
DC CD BA AB
= + + +
=
+
+
+
Now using the boundary conditions:
) 14 ( 0 60 EI
3
2
EI
15
26
60 EI
3
2
EI
5
3
3
7
0 60 EI
5
8
8
3
EI
3
2
EI
3
7
M M
) 7 ( Equation in ng Substituti
) 13 ( EI
5
8
EI
2
3
15
16
EI gives ) 12 ( Equation
) 12 ( 0 EI
16
15
EI
2
3
0 EI
2
3
EI
8
3
2
3
EI
2
3
M M M M
) 10 ( in Sub
) 11 ( EI
8
3
EI ) 9 ( From
) 10 ( 0 EI
2
3
EI
2
3
EI
2
3
0 EI
8
3
EI
2
1
EI
8
3
EI EI
8
3
EI EI
8
3
EI
2
1
M M M M
) 9 ( 0 EI
8
3
EI M
) 8 ( 0 60 EI
3
4
EI
3
2
M
) 7 ( 0 60 EI
8
3
EI
3
2
EI
3
7
EI
3
2
EI
3
4
60 EI
8
3
EI M M
CB B
CB B
B CB B BC BA
B B
B
B DC CD BA AB
cD
CD B
CD CD B B DC CD BA AB
CD CD
CB B CB
CB B
CB B B BC BA
> = u + u =
u + u |
.
|

\
|
=
= |
.
|

\
|
u u + u = +
> u = u = o
> = o u =
= o |
.
|

\
|
o + u = + + +
> o = u
> = o u + u =
= o u + o u + o u + o u = + + +
> = o u =
> = + u + u =
> = o u + u =
u + u + o u = +
have we 2 by (14) equation g multiplyin and ) 8 ( Equation in ng Substituti
29 . 64
42
15
180 EI
_ __________ __________
0 180 EI
15
42
_ __________ __________
0 120 EI
3
4
EI
15
52
0 60 EI
3
4
EI
3
2
B
B
CB B
CB B
= = u
= + u
= u + u
= + u + u
864 . 102 29 . 64
5
8
EI
5
8
EI From(13)
B
= = u = o
574 . 38 EI
8
3
EI (11) From
CD
= o = u
165 . 77
60 864 . 102
8
3
29 . 64
3
7
2
3
60 EI
8
3
EI
3
7
2
3
EI ) 7 ( From
B CB
=
|
.
|

\
|
=
|
.
|

\
|
o u = u
864 . 102 EI , 57 . 38 EI , 165 . 77 EI , 29 . 64 EI
CD CB B
= o = u = u = u
Final Moments are
, ) , )
, )
, ) , )
, ) , )
, )
, ) , ) KNM 29 . 19 864 . 102
8
3
574 . 38
2
1
M
0 864 . 102
8
3
574 . 38 M
0 29 . 64
3
2
165 . 77
3
4
60 M
KNM 72 . 25 165 . 77
3
2
29 . 64
3
4
60 M
KNM 72 . 25 864 . 102
8
3
29 . 64 M
KNM 42 . 6 864 . 102
8
3
29 . 64
2
1
M
DC
CD
CB
BC
BA
AB
= =
= =
= + + + =
= + + =
= =
= =
Reactions: Consider the free body diagram of various members
Column AB:
KN 825 . 4
4
42 . 6 72 . 25
H
A
=

=
Beam BC:
, )
KN 71 . 35 29 . 44 80 R
KN 29 . 44
6
3 80 72 . 25
R
C
B
= =
=
+
=
Column CD:
KN 82 . 4
4
28 . 19
H
D
= =
Check:
H = 0
H
A
+H
D
= 0
Hence okay.
Example: Analyse the portal frame shown in figure the deflection method and
then draw the bending moment diagram
Fig
Solution:
The frame is unsymmetrical, hence there is a sway. Let the sway be
towards right.
0 , 0 , 0 , 0
D C B A
= u = u = u = u
FEMS:
KNM 30 2 15 F
KNM 67 . 41
12
5 20
F
KNM 67 . 41
12
5 20
F
CE
2
CB
2
BC
= =
+ =

+ =
=

=
Slope deflection equations
, )
, ) 2 - - - - - - - - EI 375 . 0 EI
4
3
0 2
4
2EI
0
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
1 - - - - - - - - EI 375 . 0 EI 5 . 0
4
3
0
4
2EI
0
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
B B
A B BA BA
B B
B A AB AB
> o u = |
.
|

\
| o
+ u + =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
> o u = |
.
|

\
| o
u + + =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
, )
, ) , )
, )
, ) , )
, )
, ) 6 -- - - - - - - - EI 375 . 0 EI 5 . 0
4
3
0
4
2EI
0
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
5 -- - - - - - - - EI 375 . 0 EI
4
3
0 2
4
2EI
0
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
4 -- - - - - - - - EI 6 . 0 EI 2 . 1 67 . 41 2
5
1.5I 2E
67 . 41
2
L
EI 2
F M
3 -- - - - - - - - EI 6 . 0 EI 2 . 1 67 . 41 2
5
1.5I 2E
67 . 41
2
L
EI 2
F M
C C
C D DC DC
C C
D C CD CD
B C B C
B C CB CB
C B C B
C B BC BC
> o u = |
.
|

\
| o
u + + =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
> o u = |
.
|

\
| o
+ u + =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
> u + u + = u + u

+ + =
u + u + =
> u + u + = u + u

+ =
u + u + =
In the above equation there are three unknowns o u u and ,
C B
, accordingly the
boundary conditions are,
0 M M M M , e . i
0 H H
0 M M M
0 M M
DC CD BA AB
D A
CE CD CB
BC BA
= + + +
= +
= + +
= +
Now,
, ) 7 0 67 . 41 EI 375 . 0 EI 6 . 0 EI 2 . 2
0 EI 6 . 0 EI 2 . 1 67 . 141 EI 375 . 0 EI
0 M M
C B
C B B
BC BA
> = o u + u =
= u + u + o u
= +
, ) 8 0 67 . 11 EI 375 . 0 EI 2 . 2 EI 6 . 0
0 30 EI 375 . 0 EI EI 6 . 0 EI 2 . 1 67 . 41 M M , And
C B
C B C CD CB
> = + o u + u =
= o u + u + u + = +
, ) 9 0 EI 5 . 1 EI 5 . 1 EI 5 . 1
0 EI 375 . 0 EI 5 . 0 EI 375 . 0 EI 2 EI 375 . 0 EI EI 375 . 0 EI 5 . 0
0 M M M M
C B
C C B B
DC CD BC AB
> = o u + u
= o u + o u + o u + o u
= + + +
Solving the above equations
we get, EI 98 . 23
B
= u , EI 62 . 14 EI , 36 . 9
C
= o = u
Substituting these values in slope deflection equations, we have
, ) , )
, )
, ) , )
, ) , )
KNM 30 M
KNM 16 . 10 62 . 14 375 . 0 36 . 9 5 . 0 M
KNM 84 . 14 ) 62 . 14 ( 375 . 0 36 . 9 M
KNM 83 . 44 98 . 23 6 . 0 36 . 9 2 . 1 67 . 41 M
KNM 51 . 18 36 . 9 6 . 0 98 . 23 2 . 1 67 . 41 M
KNM 50 . 18 62 . 14 375 . 0 98 . 23 M
KNM 50 . 6 62 . 14 375 . 0 98 . 23 5 . 0 M
CE
DC
CD
CB
BC
BA
AB
=
= =
= + =
+ = + + + =
= + + =
+ = =
= =
Reactions: consider the free body diagram of beam and columns
Column AB:
KN 25 . 6
4
5 . 6 5 . 18
H
A
=
+
=
Span BC:
73 . 44 R 5 20 R
KN 27 . 55
5
5 . 2 5 20 5 . 18 83 . 44
R
C B
C
= =
=
+
=
Column CD:
25 . 6
4
84 . 14 16 . 10
H
D
=
+
=
Check:
H = 0
H
A
+ H
D
= 0
= 0
Hence okay
Example: Analyse the portal frame shown and then draw bending moment
diagram.
Solution:
It is an unsymmetrical problem hence there is a sway be towards right
0 , 0 , 0 , 0
D C B A
= u = u = u = u
FEMs:
KNM 41.67 -
12
5 20
12
wl
F
2 2
BC
=

= =
KNM 41.67
12
5 20
12
wl
F
2 2
CB
+ =

= =
Slope deflection equations:
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
B A AB AB
3
3
0
3
EI 2
0
B
|
.
|

\
| o
u + + =
, ) 1 -- - - - - - - - EI
3
2
EI
3
2
B
> o u =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
A B BA BA
3
3
0 2
3
EI 2
0
B
|
.
|

\
| o
+ u + =
, ) 2 -- - - - - - - - EI
3
2
EI
3
4
B
> o u =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
C B BC BC
, ) 2
5
I 5 . 1 E 2
41.67 -
C B
u + u

+ =
, ) 3 -- - - - - - - - EI
5
3
EI
5
6
41.67 -
C B
> u + u + =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
B C CB CB
, ) 0 2
5
I 5 . 1 E 2
67 . 41
B C
u + u

+ =
, ) 4 -- - - - - - - - EI 6 . 0 1.2EI 41.67
B C
> u + u + =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
D C CD CD
4
3
0 2
4
EI 2
0
C
|
.
|

\
| o
+ u + =
, ) 5 - - - - - - - - - - EI 375 . 0 EI
C
> o u =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
C D DC DC
4
3
0
4
EI 2
0
C
|
.
|

\
| o
u + + =
, ) 6 - - - - - - - - - - EI 375 . 0 0.5EI
C
> o u =
In the above equations there are three unknown o u u and ,
C B
and accordingly the
Boundary conditions are:
0 ) M M ( 3 ) M 4(M
0
4
M M
3
M M
i.e
0 H H
0 M M
0 M M
DC CD BA AB
DC CD BA AB
D A
CD CB
BC BA
= + + +
=
+
+
+
= +
= +
= +
Now
) 8 ( 0 EI 375 . 0 EI 6 . 0 EI 2 . 2 67 . 41
0 EI 375 . 0 EI EI 6 . 0 EI 2 . 1 67 . 41
0 M M
) 7 ( 0 67 . 41 EI
3
2
EI
5
3
EI 53 . 2
67 . 41 EI
5
3
EI
5
6
EI
3
2
EI
3
4
0 M M
B C
C B C
CD CB
C B
C B B
BC BA
> = o u + u +
= o u + u + u +
= +
> = o u + u
u + u + o u
= +
0
4
M M
3
M M
DC CD BA AB
=
+
+
+
j
) 9 ( 0 EI 53 . 7 EI 5 . 4 EI 8
0 EI 25 . 2 EI 5 . 4 EI
3
8
EI
3
16
EI
3
8
EI
3
8
0 EI 375 . 0 EI 5 . 0 EI 375 . 0 EI 3
EI
3
2
EI
3
4
EI
3
2
EI
3
2
4
C B
C B B
C C
B B
> = o u + u
= o u + o u + o u
= o u + o u
+
1
]
1

o u + o u
By solving (7), (8) and (9) we get
8 . 12 EI
17 . 23 EI
46 . 25 EI
C
B
+ = o
= u
+ = u
Final moments:
, )
, ) , )
KNM 65 . 16 80 . 12 375 . 0 70 . 23 5 . 0 M
KNM 50 . 28 ) 80 . 12 ( 375 . 0 70 . 23 M
KNM 50 . 28 46 . 20 60 . 0 17 . 23 2 . 1 67 . 41 M
KNM 40 . 25 67 . 41 17 . 23
5
3
46 . 25
5
6
M
M KN 40 . 25 8 . 12
3
2
46 . 25
3
4
M
KNM 8.44 8 . 12
3
2
46 . 25
3
2
M
DC
CD
CB
BC
BA
AB
= =
= =
= + + =
= + =
= =
= =
Reactions: Consider the free body diagram
Member AB:
KN 28 . 11
3
44 . 8 40 . 25
H
A
=
+
=
Member BC:
KN 36 . 48 64 . 51 5 20 R
KN 64 . 51
2
2
5
5 20 30 . 20 5 . 28
R
B
C
= =
=
+
=
Member CD:
H
D
=
4
65 . 16 5 . 28 +
= 11.28 KN
Check:
H = 0
H
A
+ H
D
= 0
Satisfied, hence okay
Example: A portal frame having different column heights are subjected for forces
as shown in figure. Analyse the frame and draw bending moment diagram.
Solution:-
It is an unsymmetrical problem
0 , 0 , 0 , 0
D C B A
= u = u = u = u , hence there is a sway be towards right.
FEMs:
KNM 15 -
8
4 30
8
Wl
F
AB
=

= =
KNM 15
8
4 30
8
Wl
F
BA
+ =

+ = + =
KNM 30 -
8
4 60
8
Wl
F
BC
=

= =
KNM 30
8
4 60
8
Wl
F
CB
+ =

+ = + =
CD
F =
DC
F = 0
Slope deflection equations:
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
B A AB AB
4
3
0
4
I 2 E 2
15 -
B
|
.
|

\
| o
u + + =
, ) 1 - - - - - - - - EI 75 . 0 EI 15 -
B
> o u + =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
A B BA BA
4
3
0 2
4
I 2 E 2
15
B
|
.
|

\
| o
+ u + =
, ) 2 - - - - - - - - EI 75 . 0 EI 2 15
B
> o u + + =
, )
C B BC BC
2
L
EI 2
F M u + u + =
, ) 2
4
I 2 E 2
30 -
C B
u + u

+ =
, ) 3 -- - - - - - - - EI EI 2 30 -
C B
> u + u + =
, )
B C CB CB
2
L
EI 2
F M u + u + =
, ) 2
4
I 2 E 2
30
B C
u + u

+ =
, ) 4 -- - - - - - - - EI 2EI 30
B C
> u + u + =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
D C CD CD
3
3
0 2
3
EI 2
0
C
|
.
|

\
| o
+ u + =
, ) 5 -- - - - - - - - EI
3
2
EI
3
4
C
> o u =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
C D DC DC
3
3
0
3
EI 2
0
C
|
.
|

\
| o
u + + =
, ) 6 -- - - - - - - - EI
3
2
EI
3
2
C
> o u =
There are three unknowns, EI, o u u EI & EI ,
C B
, accordingly the Boundary
conditions are
, ) , ) 0 180 M M 4 M M 3
0 30
3
M M
4
60 M M
, e . i
0 30 H H
0 M M
0 M M
DC CD BA AB
DC CD BA AB
D A
CD CB
BC BA
= + + + +
= +
+
+
+
= + +
= +
= +
Now
, ) 7 0 15 EI 75 . 0 EI EI 4
EI EI 2 30 EI 75 . 0 EI 2 15 M M
C B
C B B BC BA
> = o u + u =
u + u + o u + = +
, ) 8 0 30 EI
3
2
EI
3
10
EI
EI
3
2
EI
3
4
EI EI 2 30 M M
C B
C B C CD CB
> = + o u + u =
o u + u + u + + = +
, )
, ) 9 0 180 EI 833 . 9 EI 8 EI 9
180 EI
3
2
EI
3
2
EI
3
2
EI
3
4
4
EI 75 . 0 EI 2 15 EI 75 . 0 EI 15 3 180 ) M M ( 4 ) M M ( 3
C B
C C
B B DC CD BA AB
> = + o u + u =
+ |
.
|

\
|
o u + o u +
o u + + o u + = + + + +
By solving (7), (8) & (9) we get
795 . 20 EI
714 . 7 EI
577 . 9 EI
C
B
+ = o
= u
+ = u
Substituting these values in the slope deflection equations we get
, )
, ) , )
, )
, )
, )
, ) KNM 00 . 19 795 . 20
3
2
) 714 . 7 (
3
2
M
KNM 15 . 24 795 . 20
3
2
) 714 . 7 (
3
4
M
KNM 15 . 24 577 . 9 714 . 7 2 30 M
KNM 18.55 - 7.714 - 9.577 2 30 - M
KNM 55 . 18 795 . 20 75 . 0 577 . 9 2 15 M
KNM 01 . 21 795 . 20 75 . 0 577 . 9 15 M
DC
CD
CB
BC
BA
AB
= =
= =
= + + =
= + =
= + + =
= + =
Reactions: Consider free body diagrams of the members
Member AB:
KN 615 . 15
4
2 30 01 . 21 55 . 18
H
A
=

=
-ve sign indicates the direction of H
A
is from right to left.
Member BC:
KN 40 . 31 60 . 28 R 60 R
KN 60 . 28
4
15 . 24 2 60 55 . 18
R
B C
B
= = =
=
+
=
Member CD:
KN 38 . 14
3
15 . 24 19
H
D
=
+
=
Check:
H = 0
H
A
+ H
D
+ 30 = 0
-15.62 14.38 + 30 = 0
Hence okay
Example: Analyse the frame using slope deflection method and draw the
Bending Moment Diagram.
Solution: Assume sway towards right
It can be observed from figure in that direction of moments due to sway in
member AB are anticlockwise and that for member CD are clockwise. Wise shall
be taken to incorporate the same in the slope deflection equation.
FEMS
0 Here
M KN 32
12
wI
F
M KN 32
12
4 24
-
12
wI
F
D A
2
CB
2
2
BC
= u = u
+ = + =
=

=
=
Slope deflection equations are:
, )
, ) 2 EI
3
2
EI
3
4
3
3
2
3
EI 2
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
1 -- - - - - - EI
3
2
EI
3
2
3
3
3
EI 2
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
B
B
A B BA BA
B
B
B A AB AB
> o u =
|
.
|

\
| o
u =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
> o u =
|
.
|

\
| o
u =
|
.
|

\
| o
u + u + =
, )
, )
, )
, )
, )
, )
, ) 5 EI
3
2
EI
3
4
3
3
2
3
2EI
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
4 - - - - - - - - EI EI 2 32
2
4
I 2 E 2
32
2
L
EI 2
F M
3 -- - - - - - - - EI EI 2 32
2
4
I 2 E 2
32
2
L
EI 2
F M
C
C
D C CD CD
B C
B C
B C CB CB
C B
C B
C B BC BC
> o + u =
1
]
1

o
+ u =
|
.
|

\
| o
+ u + u + =
> u + u + + =
u + u + + =
u + u + =
> u + u + =
u + u + =
u + u + =
, ) 6 - - - - - - - - EI
3
2
EI
3
2
3
3
3
EI 2
L
3
2
L
EI 2
F M
C
C
C D DC DC
> o + u =
|
.
|

\
| o
+ u =
1
]
1

o
+ u + u + =
The unknown are & ,
C , B
o u u are conditions boundary the y Accordingl
0 90 M M M M
0 30
3
M M
3
M M
, e . i
0 30 H H
0 M M
0 M M
DC CD BA AB
DC CD BA AB
D A
CD CB
BC BA
= + +
= +
+

+
= +
= +
= +
, ) 7 0 32 EI
3
2
EI EI
3
10
EI EI 2 32 EI
3
2
EI
3
4
M M , Now
C B
C B B BC BA
> = o u + u =
u + u + o u = +
, ) 8 0 32 EI
3
2
EI
3
10
EI
EI
3
2
EI
3
4
EI EI 2 32 M M
C B
C B C CD CB
> = + o + u + u =
o + u + u + u + + = +
, ) 9 0 45 EI
3
4
EI EI
90 EI
3
8
EI 2 EI 2
90 EI
3
2
EI
3
2
EI
3
2
EI
3
4
EI
3
2
EI
3
4
EI
3
2
EI
3
2
90 M M M M
C B
C B
C
C B B DC CD BA AB
> = + o u u =
+ o u u =
+ o u o
u o u + o u = + +
From (7) & (9)
, ) 10 -- - - - - - 0 109 EI 3 EI
3
17
0 45 EI
3
4
EI EI
0 64 EI
3
4
EI 2 EI
3
20
C B
C B
C B
> = u + u
= + o u u
= o u + u
By (8) and (9)
, ) 11 - - - - - - - - 0 109 EI
3
17
EI 3
0 45 EI
3
4
EI EI
0 64 EI
3
4
EI
3
20
EI 2
C B
C B
C B
> = + u + u
= + u u
= + o + u + u
By (10) & (11)
0 71 . 166 EI
3 17
208
0 71 . 57 EI 3 EI
17
27
0 109 EI 3 EI
3
17
B
C B
C B
= u

= + u + u
= u + u
88 . 40
208
3 17 71 . 166
EI
B
+ =

= u
From (10)
88 . 40 EI
3
17
109
3
1
EI
B C
=
1
]
1

u = u
From (9)
j
, ) j 07 . 95 45 88 . 40 88 . 40
4
3
45 EI EI
4
3
EI
C B
+ = + =
+ u u = o
Thus 07 . 95 EI , 88 . 40 EI , 88 . 40 EI
C B
= o = u = u
Substituting these values in slope deflection equations
, ) , )
, ) , )
, ) , )
, ) , )
, ) , )
, ) , ) KNM 12 . 36 07 . 95
3
2
88 . 40
3
2
M
KNM 88 . 8 07 . 95
3
2
88 . 40
3
4
M
KNM 88 . 8 88 . 40 88 . 40 2 32 M
KNM 88 . 8 88 . 40 88 . 40 2 32 M
KNM 88 . 8 07 . 95
3
2
88 . 40
3
4
M
KNM 12 . 36 07 . 95
3
2
88 . 40
3
2
M
DC
CD
CB
BC
BA
AB
+ = + =
+ = + =
= + + + =
= + + =
= =
= =
To find the reaction consider the free body diagram of the frame
Reactions:
Column AB
KN 15
3
12 . 36 88 . 8
H
A
=
+
=
Beam AB
KN 48
4
2
4
4 24 88 . 8 88 . 8
R
B
=
+ +
=
KN 48 48 4 24 R
C
= =
Column CD
KN 15
3
12 . 36 88 . 8
H
D
=
+
=
Check
H = 0
H
A
+ H
D
+P = 0
-15 15 + 30 = 0
Hence okay