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GREEN INITIATIVE FOR POWERING OFF GRID BASE STATIONS

Alternatives for Powering Telecommunications Base Stations

ECOpx Integrated hybrid system with an unique architecture

ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY Unique integrated hybrid technology integrating renewable energies and fuel cell as one energy source High availability Robust Silent Installation foot print Fast installation Limited maintenance

CASSIDIAN and AEG Power solutions provide key power electronic products AUTONOMOUS AND RELIABLE ENERGY STATION The goal of this project is to improve the reliability, the autonomy, and TCO of an autonomous energy system with a new hybrid architecture. The combination of the both Wind and Solar independent power sources with Lithium batteries and the use of fuels cells provides reliable energy to power base station telecom equipment. This technology is matured and has many benefits compared to classical systems solutions using Diesel Generators, such as higher fuel cell efficiency, reliable startup , extended batteries life and compactness, silent operation. The demonstrator provides an overview of the settings, benefits, energy storage and the state of the technology for each component, and their association to built the system. The key components of the autonomous energy system in this demonstrator are : the PV array, the wind turbine , the fuel cell, the lithium batteries, the global controller, with remote communication

Alternatives for Powering Telecommunications Base Stations


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How it works?

Alternatives for Powering Telecommunications Base Stations

PV panels and Wind Turbine are interfaced to the 48VDC bus through isolated dc/dc converters (PVi1600HD) associated in parallel with MPPT functionality. This solution utilizes the Solar and Wind power when available to power the telecom equipment at the site. It also keep the batteries in floating and the extra power is used to feed the ElectraGen system (Full Cell). From sunset until sunrise the load is powered by the Lithium batteries, and thus the batteries are in discharge mode. If needed, at a specified DOD, the ElectraGen (Full Cell) starts, supplying the load and charging the batteries. At a DOD above 95% the ElectraGen (Full Cell) stops. All the integrated components of the power system are monitored by an unique controller ACMi1000e, which controls all energy production and transfer, but also the battery management. Main operation Modes and energy priorities : Solar and Wind Power are configured as the primary power source Lithium batteries is configured as the secondary power source ElectraGen (Full Cell) is configured as the third power source

Hardware Configuration

Alternatives for Powering Telecommunications Base Stations

Advanced Outdoor Cabinet equipped with:

ecopx 4801 All In One sub rack (19-7U)


3+1 slots for PVi1600HD (high-efficient isolated DC-DC converter with MPPT functionality)

2+1 PVi1600HD fitted (for the redundancy)

ACMi1000e Controller including Data logger Interface and protection for PV strings (max of 3) LVD on load branch

ecopx 6400 Wind Turbine sub rack (19-XU)


4 slots for PVi1600HD

4 PVi1600HD fitted (for the redundancy)

Interface and protection for Wind Turbine Communication: TCP/IP

Hardware Configuration

Alternatives for Powering Telecommunications Base Stations

DC Load distribution (2x150A;2x32A; 2x16A) 3 x Battery branches protection (breaker 100A type AIRPAX LELK11-1REC4-39485-100-V) 9 x Saft Evolion battery 48V 77Ah Remote solar insolation captor Remote solar temperature sensor Load Telecom load ( resistive, fixed 1kW load )

Hardware Configuration

Alternatives for Powering Telecommunications Base Stations

1 x ElectraGen ME (backup power fuel cell system) in 2 x 2,5 kW configuration ElectraGen ME remote alarms and command PV strings 2 strings of 5 x 333Wp panel in series (Sun power SPR-333-N2-WHT-D) 1 x Wind Turbine (Weole type Sirocco 6 kW)

Advanced Outdoor Cabinet

Alternatives for Powering Telecommunications Base Stations

Cabinet Height without Solar Panel 2420 mm Cabinet Height with Solar Panel Cabinet Width (with panels) Cabinet Depth (external) Cabinet Depth with solar panel 2857 mm 1822 mm 1071 mm 1617 mm

Weight of complete system 870 kg incl. solar panels, battery and IBS4

ElectraGen ME

Alternatives for Powering Telecommunications Base Stations

Power Rating: 5 kW Nominal Voltage: 48 Vdc Voltage Adjustable: 46 to 57 Vdc Size (W x D x H): 1.3 x 1.1 x 1.77 meters Footprint (W x D): 1.3 x 0.9 meters Product Weight: 295 kg excluding fuel Fuel Weight: 193 kg Fuel Tank Size: 225 Liters

PCM ECOPX 4801 + RACK PS6400_WT

Alternatives for Powering Telecommunications Base Stations

PCM ECOPX 4801 Power Rating: 4800 W Input Nominal Voltage: 170-420 Vdc Output Nominal Voltage: 48 Vdc PV Redundancy: N+1 Size (W x D x H): 447 x 435 x 312 mm Product Weight: . kg excluding Temprature Operating: -20C up to 70C Rack PS6400_WT Power Rating: 6000 W Input Nominal Voltage: 170-420 Vdc

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BATTERY STORAGE- Saft Evolion battery 48V 77Ah-

Alternatives for Powering Telecommunications Base Stations

77 Ah - 48 V 3,9 kWh 3 hrs charging time RS485 communication bus Size (W x D x H): 404 x 216 x 260 mm Product Weight: 30 kg

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EOLTEC SCIROCCO 5.6 - 6

Alternatives for Powering Telecommunications Base Stations

Rotor Diameter : Rated Capacity : Max Capacity :

5.6m 6 kW 6 kW

STAND-ALONE TILT TOWER Weight: Number of Sections: Height : Diameter (bottom): Diameter (top): Composition: Tilting System: 642 kg 3 11m 550mm 230mm Galvanized Steel Manual Winch

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PHOTO VOLTAIC (PV) ARRAYS Solar Module E20/333 et E20/327-

Alternatives for Powering Telecommunications Base Stations

Nominal Power (+5/-0 %) Pnom 333 W Efficiency (cell) 22,9 % Efficiency (module) 20,4 % Voltage at Max Power Vmpp 54,7 V Currant at Max Power Impp 6,09 A Voltage at open circuit Voc 65,3 V Short Circuit Current Isc 6,46 A

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Site Pictures Power and Telecom bay- Fuel Cell cabinet -

Alternatives for Powering Telecommunications Base Stations


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Alternatives for Powering Telecommunications Base Stations

Site Pictures Power and Telecom bay-

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Alternatives for Powering Telecommunications Base Stations

Site Pictures General view -

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Alternatives for Powering Telecommunications Base Stations

Site Pictures General view -

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Alternatives for Powering Telecommunications Base Stations

Site Pictures General view -

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