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ECET581 C Homework Answer Key Practice and compare. CHAPTER 1 1.4 a) V= 523.

33 ft3; E = 523,333 Btu; b) E= 70,000,000 Btu; c) E = 4.6E+08 kWh; d) V= 0.4 tons of coal; e) V=2,520,000 tons of coal; f) E=1.94h

1.5 E = 11,259 Btu; V = 16.08 ft3 of natural gas 1.6 E of electricity = 3,412,000,000 Btu/yr; E of #2 fuel oil = 42,0000,000; E of total = 3,832,000,000; EUI = 85,156 Btu/ft2/yr 1.7. ECI = $1.52 /ft2/yr CHAPTER 2 2.2 HDD = 42.83 degree-days 2.3 Add to the list from your readings Equipment Data Heaters Power rating, Use characteristics Boilers Power ratings, Use characteristics, Fuel used, Air-to-fuel ratio, Percent excess air Power rating, temperature settings, usage Efficiency Cooling capacity, use characteristics Power ratings, efficiency, use characteristics Power ratings, use characteristics, control techniques Power ratings, use characteristics, control techniques, assessment of air leaks, various air pressures

Air conditioners Chillers Refrigeration Motors Lighting Air compressors

Safety Issues Your job is to just collect data, ask operators and trained personnel to get electrical data and other specified by the facility Beware of rotating machines, hot machinery, pipes, live circuits

Safety equipment Electrical gloves, asbestos gloves, safety goggles (tinted for some applications), ear plugs 2.6 ES = 63,900 kWh/yr AS = $6390/yr CHAPTER 3 3.4 Power factor savings = $18,422/yr; Capacitor size = 419kVAR; 3.5 ES = $9,756/yr; DS=$20,260/yr; Total =$30,016/yr 3.6 Priority 3 cost = $291,658.12; Priority 4 cost = $267,816.00; Annual saving from switching = $23,842.12 3.7 total = $11,093 3.9 pf =0.88 3.11 Consumption cost =$1,100 3.12 DC = $8,275; Consumption cost = $21,965; Av Demand =4,032,258 Btu in July CHAPTER 4 4.1 ROI = 50% (or value can be found in i=50% table); BCR =1.8 4.3 SPP = 0.825 yrs; ROI = 121.2%; BCR = 8.93 4.6 CS= $168/yr; hours =67.6/wk CHAPTER 5 5.1: Cost saving =$358.69 5.2: SPP=2.84 months

option a.: SPP = 1.44yrs IRR = 67.5% option b.: SPP = 1.08yrs IRR = 91.2%

5.5: Assuming 50W ballast per mercury vapor and 14W ballast per HPS. Both lamps cost the same and have same life time. Savings: $1,839.02 5.6: Energy and demand cost savings = $4643.04 5.7: Assuming current fixture has 24 W ballast and the retrofit has 4.4W ballast, SPP = 0.67yrs

5.12: Quartz Hallogen lamps do not need a ballast because they are incandescent type. But assume 50W ballast per HPS. Savings $178.20 5.13 & 5.14 No numerical solution. Think about a potential solution. CHAPTER 6 6.1. q = 206,080 Btu/day or 25,760 Btu/h 6.2. EER = 6.824 Btu/Wh; W = 3.77 kW 6.4. V = 500 cu ft/min/window; Heat lost through widows btu/yr = 466,560 Btu/yr; C$3,888/yr 6.5. Proposed Power = 4.74 kW, Demand reduction = 11.26kW; Energy savings = 45,037kWh/yr; Energy & Demand savings = 3,648/yr 6.9. a) EER = 5.8 Btu/Wh; b)1,725 kWh/yr; c) $129.38/yr, d) 626 kWh/yr CHAPTER 11 11.1: q=190,786,330 Btu/yr, Cost = $1208/yr 11.2: w/o insulation q= 161, 928,933 Btu/yr, Cost=$1453/yr with insulation q=7,791,699 Btu/yr, cost $70/yr Present value P = $4,612 11.3: Cost savings= $7386/yr; ES=985MMBtu/yr 11.4: Total cost = $0.32/yr+$0.13/yr=$0.45/yr 11.5: Thickness=1.19 inch of fiberglass 11.6: R-value of wall with one widow=3.74 (h ft2 F) /Btu R-value of wall with one widow & one door=3.00 R-value of roof = 1.61 Q lost = 7,316 Btu in the one hour kWh=0.914kWh