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2 CHAPTER 2 : BODY COORDINATION KNOWLEDGE 1 The diagram shows a neuron.

What is labeled X? A Axon B Dendrite C Dendron D Myelin sheath 2 The diagram shows a part of the human nervous system.

What is labeled S? A B C D Cerebrum Cerebellum Spinal cord Medula oblongata

3 3 The diagram shows the endocrine glands. Which of the following glands A, B, C or D is the pancreas?

The diagram shows the structure of human brain. Which part of the brain controls involuntary actions?

5. causes the thyroid gland to swell? A B C D 6. Calcium Sodium Iron Iodine

Deficiency of which element

Prolonged and excessive consumption of alcohol will cause cirrhosis. This disease is related to A brain B pancreas C lungs

4 D liver 7. Hormones are carried from one place to another in the body by A B C D blood vessel artery nerve

8. The following shows the pathway in the nervous coordination. Stimuli Receptors Brain Effectors Responses Which of the following activities does not follow the pathway? A B C D Placing ice cubes on the palm Enjoying a movie Blinking eyes Withdrawal of hand when touching a hot object accidentally

9. Diagram shows a type of neurone.

The neurone carries an impulse from A B C D the effector to the central nervous system the central nervous system to the effector the receptor to the central nervous system the central nervous system to the receptor

10. Diagram shows the structure of a human brain. Which of the parts A, B, C or D controls the body equilibrium?

5 UNDERSTANDING 11. The figure shows the impulse pathway of an action Receptor

Spinal cord

Effector The action refers to A B C D a knee jerk chewing food reading a book walking on a rope

12. The figure shows one of the human endocrine glands.

What is the immediate effect on a person if the gland is removed? A B C D The blood pressure increases The metabolic rate becomes low The blood sugar level increases The secondary sex characteristics are not developed

13.

The diagram shows an impulse pathway.

Which of the following actions involves the impulse pathway? A B C D 14. Swallowing food Dancing with music Walking on the tight rope Blinking of the eyes to protect from dust

Which of the following activities is not controlled by cerebrum? A B C D Movement of limbs Breathing Memory Sight

15. Which of the following are advantages of a reflex action? I It allows a very fast response towards change in the internal and the external environment II It protects us from danger by providing fast response. III The response is automatics. A B C D I and II only I and III only II and III only I, II and III

16.

The following information shows the parts that are involved in reflex arc. P Q R S T Motor neurone Effector Intermediate neurone Sensory neurone Receptor

Which of following impulse pathways is correct? A B C D PQRST TSRPQ RPSQT TSPRQ

APPLICATION 17. Harris picks some tomatoes. What type of action is this? A B C D A reflex action A capillary action A voluntary action An involuntary action

CHAPTER 3 : HERIDITY AND VARIATION KNOWLEDGE 1 The figure shows a process that occurs during cell division.

The process refers to A mitosis B mutation C cross-over D fertilization 2. The graph shows an example of variation among the pupils in a class.

Another example of the same type of variation is A type of hair B body weight C blood group D type of ear lobes

3. The diagram shows the different phases in cell division in mitosis.

Which is the correct sequence in the mitosis? A B C D P, Q, R, S Q, R, P, S R, S, Q, P S, P, R, Q

4. Which of the following is an example of a discontinuos variation? A B C D Height Skin colour Body weight Blood group

10

UNDERSTANDING 5. The figure shows the chromosomes found in the cell of a human body suffering from a genetic disease.

Which chromosomes pair causes the disease? A. B. C. D. 6 1 6 21 23

The chromosomes present in the male skin cells are A 22+ Y B 22+X C 44 + XX D 44 + XY

11

APPLICATION 7. The figure shows the cross-breeding of an oil palm.

Which of the following characteristics are chosen in the cross-breeding above? I Thick mesocarp II Thick shell III Large fruit A I and II only B I and III only C II and III only D I, II and III 8. Ali and Ahmad are identical twins. Ali is brought up in Malaysia. Ahmad is brought up in England by his foster parents. They may be different in A weight B blood group C type earlobes D the ability to roll the tongue

12

9. The figure shows the inheritance of height of pea plants. Tall pea Parent T t T t T Tall pea T

Gamete

Offspring

Which offspring has a correct pair of genes? A B C D Offspring P Q R S Pair of genes Tt TT TT tt

10. The figure shows the breeding of two different type of papaya Papaya P Has thick flesh Tastes sweet Small fruit X Papaya Q Slightly thick flesh Bigger fruit Ripens simultaneously

Papaya R The breeding of these papayas is to produce A plenty of papaya R B sweeter papaya R C a papaya R tree that bears fruit earlier D a papaya R tree that is resistant to disease

13

CHAPTER 4 : MATTER AND SUBSTANCES KNOWLEDGE 1. Which process represent condensation? A

C 2. Based on the table, which elements are isotopes? Elements E G J L A B C D E and G G and J J and L E and L Nucleon number 12 13 14 16 Number of protons 6 6 7 8

Number of nuetron 6 7 7 8

14

3.

Based on the periodic table, which element represents a metal? Group


I II III IV V VI VII VIII

A B C D 4.

II IV VI VIII

The freezing point of distilled water is A -4 0 C B 00C C 30C D 100 0 C The figure shows an incomplete periodic table.
I II

5.

Group
III IV V VI VII

VIII

Element X is a A B C D Metal Non metal Semiconductor Transition element

15

6.

Which of the following elements are non-metal? A Iron, sulphur, chlorine B Carbon, sulphur, Chlorine C Carbon , iron, chlorine D Iron, copper, lead.

UNDERSTANDING 7. The melting point of element P is 0 0 C and the boiling point is 100 0 C. When P is heated from room temperature to 80 0 C then is cooled until it becomes -5 0 C. What is the process that occurred? A Freezing B Condensation C Melting D Boiling 8. Below are the statements about kinetic theory except A B C D 9. when temperature increase the kinectic energy also increases all matter consist of tiny particles particles in liquid are arranged in tightly at a fixed position particles are constantly moving at random

Adding common salt to distilled water will I lower the melting point of water II increase the boiling point of water III increase the electrical conductivity of the water A B C D I only I and II only II and III only I , II and III

10. Distance between particles is big Particles do not have fixed positions Particles move freely and quickly

The above information describes the particles found in A Black ink and orange juice B Wood and a copper block C A tank of oxygen and a bottle of mineral water D Oxygen and carbon dioxide gases

16

11.

The figure shows the structure of atoms P and Q.

What is the similarity between atoms P and Q? A The number of neutrons B The nucleon number C The proton number D The subatomic particles

17

CHAPTER 5: ENERGY AND CHEMICAL CHANGES KNOWLEDGE 1. Uses of the electrolysis in industries are I II III A B C D 2. metal refining metal extraction metal electroplating I and II only I and III only II and III only I, II and III

Diagram 1 shows a reaction between metal and dilute acid.

Diagram 1 What is gas X? A B C D 3. oxygen nitrogen hydrogen carbon dioxide

What type of battery used in a car? A B C D Dry cell mercury oxide battery nickel-cadmium battery acid-lead accumulator

4.

Which of the following process required light to function? A rusting B burning C respiration

18 D photosynthesis Diagram 2 shows a dry cell.

5.

Diagram 2 Which of following parts is the positive terminal? A P B Q C R D T UNDERSTANDING 6. Diagram 3 shows a simple cell circuit.

Diagram 3 Which of the following could be electrode P and Q? A B C D 7. P Copper Copper Copper Wood Q Copper Zinc Plastic Plastic

Table 1 shows the result of an experiment.

19 Initial temperature Final temperature Table 1 If the reaction is exothermic, what will probably be the temperature of X? A B C D 8. 0 oC 25 oC 30 oC 50 oC 30oC X

Which of the following is a chemical changes? A melting of ice B dissolving salt in water C burning a piece of paper D evaporation of water

APPLICATION 9. Which of the following container should be used to store vinegar solution? I II III A B C D 10. iron can glass bottle aluminium can I only II only II and III only I. II and III

Table 2 shows the result of an experiment to identify the position of carbon in the reactivity series. Substance Observation Carbon + oxide Y Noting happens Carbon + oxide X The mixture glows Table 2

Arrange the reactivity of X, Y and carbon in ascending order. A X, Y and carbon B X, carbon and Y C Y, carbon and X D carbon, X and Y CHAPTER 6: NUCLEAR ENERGY

20 KNOWLEDGE 1. The diagram shows the penetrating power of radioactive radiations.

Which of the following is correct about radiations P, Q and R? P A B C D 2. Alpha Gamma Beta Alpha Q Gamma Alpha Gamma Beta R Beta Beta Alpha Gamma

What are the charges of alpha rays, beta rays and gamma rays? Alpha rays A B C D Positive Positive Negative Neutral Beta rays Negative Neutral Neutral Positive Gamma rays Neutral Negative Positive Negative

3.

Which element is used as a source of energy in a nuclear reactor? A B C D Cobalt-60 Carbon-14 Radium Uranium-235

4.

What is the best container to keep radioactive substances?

21 A B C D 5. steel container plastic container lead container aluminium container

Which type of radiation is used to cure cancer? A B C D Beta Alpha Gamma Ultra-violet

6.

Which of the following safety precautions should be taken when handling radioactive substances? I using a remote control II putting on a photographic film tag III keeping the radioactive substances in an aluminium container A B C D II only I and II only I and III only II and III only

7.

The diagram shows a nuclear fission of uranium-235 bombarded by particle X.

What is particle X? A Proton B Neutron C Nucleon D Electron UNDERSTANDING

22 8. A group of archeologists found a human skeleton which was believed to be buried thousands of years ago. They want to estimate the age of the skeleton. What is the radioactive material they would use? A B C D 9. Iodine-131 Cobalt-60 Carbon-14 Uranium-235

A radioactive radiation diverges towards the negative plate when moving through an electrical field. Radioactive substance Negative plate

Which of the following is a characteristic of the radiation? I II III A B C D 10. consist of positive particles can only be locked by a thin metal sheet moves in the form of waves I only III only I and III only I, II and III

Which of the following shows the correct sequence of energy conversion in a nuclear reactor? A B C D nuclear energy heat energy kinetic energy electrical energy heat energy nuclear energy kinetic energy electrical energy nuclear energy kinetic energy heat energy electrical energy electrical energy heat energy kinetic energy nuclear energy

CHAPTER 7: LIGHT, COLOUR AND SIGHT

23

KNOWLEDGE 1 Images which cannot be seen on the screen are called A diminished image B real image C virtual image D inverted image The figure shows the ray diagram of a concave lens .

2.

Object R F Image O

Concave lens

What is represented by OR A B C D Size of image The focal length The distance of image The distance of object

3.

The figure shows the structure of a camera?

24

The function of structur X is A B C D 4. allow the light through control the amount of light adjust the position of the image control the duration of light exposure

The figure shows the dispersion of white light by a prism

White screen P White light Glass prism Ray box The colours for P and Q are P Red Yellow Red Orange A B Q Violet Blue Indigo Green Q

25 C D 5. Which of the following are the uses of colours to animals? I For reproduction II To warn their enemies III To camouflage A I and II only B I and III only C II and III only D I , II and III UNDERSTANDING 6. Which of the following phenomena are caused by the scattering of light? I Blue sky II Red sunset III Rainbow A B C D 7 I and II only I and III only II and III only I, II and III

The figure shows a ray of white light passing through a cyan filter followed by a magenta filter cyan filter white light magenta filter White screen

What colour would form on the white screen? A Cyan B Blue C Green D Magenta

26

Which of the following is a necessary condition for the formation of rainbow? A B C D Light is reflected by clouds The surrounding temperature is high There are suspended particles in the atmosphere There are water droplets in the atmosphere

APPLICATION 9. The diagram below shows a student standing 2 m in front of a plane mirror. A pole is positioned 6 m from the plane mirror. Plane mirror Pole Student

2m 6m What is the distance of the image of the pole from the student? A. B. C. D. 10 2m 4m 5m 8m

Which of the following situations will cause the size of the pupil to enlarge? A Looking at a small object and then shifting to a bigger object B Looking at a black object and then shifting to a white object. C Looking at a near object and then shifting to a far object D Looking at objects in a bright area and then looking at object in a dark area.

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CHAPTER 8 : CHEMICALS IN INDUSTRY KNOWLEDGE 1. The surrounding area of a factory is polluted when the factory A B C D 2. uses air-conditioning uses a low smoke chimney uses electricity to operate burn waste materials in an enclosed incinerator

A superconductor is A B C D a substance which has an efficient current flow a substance with zero resistance at high temperature a substance which is a good conductor of heat a substance with an electrical resistance that is directly proportional to temperature

3.

The information shows the industrial products produced from substance X. What is X? A B C D Sulphur Ethanol Ammonia Sulphuric acid Fertilizer Nitric acid Detergent

4.

Which of the following is an alloy? A B C D Gold Silver Bronze Copper

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5. Among which is formation of A B C D

the following gases involved in the acid rain? Ammonia Carbon monoxide Carbon dioxide Nitrogen dioxide UNDERSTANDING

6.

Figure 6 Figure 6 shows a factory releasing smoke from its chimney.What method can be used to filter coal ashes from the smoke? A B C D 7. Using an electrostatic precipitator Using a scrubber Biogas technology Direct burning

What is the role of iron powder in the Haber Process? A B C D To increase the production ammonia To quicken the rate of reaction To combine with ammonia at the end of the reaction To ensure all the hydrogen and nitrogen change into ammonia

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8.

Which of the following activities can cause green house effect? A B C D Planting more trees Burning of fuel Spraying of pesticide Discharging waste water into river

APPLICATION 9 Aliah realized that her gold earrings are soft and can be easily bent .How does the goldsmith help her to solve the problem. A B C D Add more gold to it Melt and remould it Knock it to its original shape Melt it and add more other elements to it

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CHAPTER 9 : MICROORGANISMS AND THEIR EFFECTS ON LIVING THINGS KNOWLEDGE 1. The diagram shows the reproduction of a microorganism.

What is the method of this reproduction ? A. B. C. D. 2. Budding Binary fission Conjugation Spore formation

Which disease is spread by houseflies ? A. B. C. D. Dengue Cholera Malaria Hepatitis B

3.

Which is an effective method to prevent ringworm ? A. B. C. D. Injection Sterilization Vector control Personal hygiene

4.

Which of the following microorganisms are considered producers ? A. B. C. D. Fungi Bacteria Algae Protozoa

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5. The equation below shows a process carried out by yeast. Glucose + yeast
Zymase

ethanol

+ carbon dioxide + heat energy

What is the process shown in the above equation ? A.Fermentation B.Reproduction C.Respiration D.Digestion UNDERSTANDING 6. The figure shows an experiment to study the growth of bacteria at room temperature.
Cotton plug Nutrient broth + Bacteria culture Distilled water + Bacteria culture

In this experiment, the factor to be studied is A. B. C. D. 7. pH light nutrient temperature

Why does a sealed bottle of fruit juice turn bad when the bottle is opened ?

32 A. B. C. D. It is exposed to light. It is exposed to humidity. It is exposed to the atmospheres. It is exposed to microorganisms.

8.

Which of these statement are true about bacteria ? I II III A. B. C. D. Bacteria do not have nuclear membranes. Bacteria do not have mitocondria. Bacterial cell walls are made of cellulose I and II only I and III only II and III only I,II and III

9.

The graph in the diagram below shows the effect of temperature on the growth of bacteria.
Number of bacteria

Temperature , 0C 10 20 30 40 50

Which of the following statements is true ? A. B. C. D. 10. The optimum temperature is 37 oC The suitable range of temperature for the growth of bacteria is 10 oC to 45 oC The spores of the bacteria are destroyed at 50 oC Temperature is a constant variable in this experiment.

Which of the following statements is true about vector ?

33

A. B. C. D.

Vector is an insect that causes diseases. Vector is an animal for microorganisms host. Vector is an animal that carries out a pathogen from one host to another host. Vector is an animal that can be infected by microorganisms.

11.

Bacteria can grow well inside the human mouth because I II III A. B. C. D. temperature is 37 0 C it is always humid it usually has nutrient I and II only I and III only II and III only I, II and III

12.

Boiled water still contain bacteria because boiling A. B. C. D. stimulates the growth of bacteria removes chlorine in the water cannot destroy the spores of bacteria cannot kill active bacteria

13.

Which of the following diseases can be treated by antibiotics ? A. B. C. D. Hepatitis Gonorrhea Dengue fever Commom cold

APPLICATION 14. Susila sits between Nadia and Chee Meng in the classroom. She becomes ill with chickenpox disease. After taking days of rest at home, she goes back to school to attend class.A week later, Nadia is also found to have caught the chickenpox disease, but not Chee Meng. Chee Meng says he had chickenpox when he was a child. This means Chee Meng has A. Natural active immunity against chickenpox. B. Artificial active immunity against chickenpox.

34 C. Natural passive immunity against chickenpox. D. Artificial passive immunity against chickenpox.

CHAPTER 10: NUTRITION KNOWLEDGE 1. Which of the following are the factors that affects total the calories required by an individual? I II III A B C D 2. age body size thinking ability I and II only I and III only II and III only I, II and III

Which of these elements required by plants is a macronutrient? A B C D Iron Zinc Copper Nitrogen

3.

Health problem which is related to deficit of protein A B C D Scurvy Rickets Goitre Kwashiorkor

4.

The table below shows the diseases resulted from unhealthy eating habits Source Excess of X Excess of Y Excess of Z X Disease Arteriosclerosis Diabetes High blood pressure Y Z

35

A B C D 5.

Cholesterol Cholesterol Salt Sugar

Sugar Salt Sugar Cholesterol

Salt Sugar Cholesterol Salt

Diagram above shows part of a nitrogen cycle. Which of following A, B, C or D is the part where nitrogen fixing bacteria function?

UNDERSTANDING 6. A woman constantly reduces her food intake so that her body remains slim. If this condition continues for a long period of time, she may suffer from A B C D 7. stroke obesity anorexia high blood pressure

The table below shows the calorific value of three classes of food. Calorific value (kJ/g) P 17.2 Q What is the value of P and Q? P Q A 22.2 38.5 B 38.5 22.2 C 17.2 22.2 D 17.2 38.5 Classes of food Fats Carbohydrate Protein

8.

How do humans get nitrogen? A From the rice and bread they eat

36 B C D 9. From the meat and beans they eat From the mineral water they drink From the vegetables and fruits they eat

The table shows the calorific values of three types of food. Food Bread Butter Orange juice Calorific value (kJ/g) 10.0 30.0 2.0

Yusof takes 10g of bread, 5 g of butter and 100g of orange juice. What is the calorific value consumed by Yusof? A B C D 10. 42 kJ 115 kJ 157 kJ 450 kJ

The information below shows the health condition of a man. High blood pressure Arteriosclerosis Obesity Which of the following should be done by the man to improve his health condition? I II III A B C D Increase the intake of fresh fruits and vegetables in his diet Reduce the intake of salt in his diet Reduce the intake of cholesterol in his diet I and II only I and III only II and III only I, II and III

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CHAPTER 11 : PRESERVASITION AND CONSERVATION OF ENVIRONMENT KNOWLEDGE 1 Which gas is involved in the greenhouse effect? A B C D 2 Ammonia Carbon dioxide Sulphur dioxide Nitrogen dioxide

Which is the main gas which causes the green-house effect? A B C D Sulfur dioxide Nitrogen oxide Carbon dioxide Chlorofluorocarbon (CFC)

The natural cycles that maintain balance in nature are the I water cycle II carbon cycle III nitrogen cycle A B C D 4 I only I and III only II and III only I, II and III

Which of the following methods should be used to dispose of radioactive substances? A B C D Dump in landfills Burn in incinerators Put in plastic bags before throwing into rubbish bins Store in containers made of lead or concrete before burying

Which of the following statements describe the importance of forests? I Homes to many species of flora and fauna II Source of timber for construction and furniture making industries III As natural water catchments areas

38 A B C D 6 I and II only I and III only II and III only I, II and III

The figure shows the carbon cycle. Which process A, B, C or D represents respiration?

Carbon dioxcide

A B C Green plants

Burning of carbon compound

Dead bodies

What is the most effective method to control pollution caused by plastic waste materials? A B C D 8 Recycle Bury in the soil Throw into the sea Burn in open area

The function of ozone layer is to A B C D reflect sun rays to avoid the greenhouse effect protect living organisms from the bad effect of ultraviolet rays absorb a certain amount of sunlight to reduce the temperature of earth avoid excess heat from reaching the earth which may cause global warming

39

The diagram shows a habitat in a pond.

Which of the following are producers? A B C D 10 I and II only I and III only II and III only I, II and III

The figure shows part of a carbon cycle.

Process X Process X
Microorganisms

Carbon dioxide

Foods

Plants

What is process X? A B C D Decomposition Nutrition Digestion Oxidation

40

11

The diagram shows a layer of gas P in the atmosphere.

Layer of gas P

Sun

Sunray

Temperature increases

Earth

What is gas P? A B C D 12 Ozone Oxygen Hydrogen Carbon dioxide

The diagram shows a food chain. Paddy Rat Snake Eagle

What will happen to the paddy yield and snake population if the rat is eliminated? A B C D Paddy yield Increase Decrease Increase Decrease Snake population Increase Increase Decrease Decrease

41

13 activities that can pollute the environment.

The diagram shows industrial

Which types of pollution happen? I Water pollution II Air pollution III Sound pollution A B C D 14 I and II only I and III only II and III only I, II and III

Which of the following methods can conserve the marine life? I Establish fishing zones II Restrict fishing duration III Limit the use of drag nets A B C D I and II only I and III only II and III only I, II and III

15

The thinning of the ozone layer is caused mainly by the A B C D excessive use of chlorofluorocarbon excessive use of pesticides open burning exhaust fumes

42 16 Haze is a phenomenon that affect our nation. How does this cause a reduction in plants productivity? A B C D The acid rain formed can damage the plants. The higher concentration of dust particles in the air can damage the plants. Photosynthesis is hindered due to the reduced light intensity. The higher temperature of environment reduces the plants productivity

CHAPTER 12 : CARBON COMPOUNDS KNOWLEDGE 1. Isoprene is the monomer of A starch B polythene C polystyrene D natural rubber 2. What are the characteristics of synthetic rubber? I Resistant to heat II Easily oxidized III Good electrical insulator A I and II only B I and III only C II and III only D I, II and III 3. Which of the following is a characteristic of ethanol? A. B. C. D. Coloured Easily evaporated Non-flammable Immiscible in water

UNDERSTANDING 4. The information shows the uses of substance Z. Fuel Solvent Antiseptic

43

What is Z? A Petrol B Ethanol C Palm oil D Kerosene

5.

The figure shows a change in the lumen size of an artery.

Which class of food can cause the change? A Fat B Protein C Roughage D Carbohydrate 6. The statements below show the steps in the preparation of soap. P - Add water to mixture Q - Boil sodium hydroxide and oil R - Filter the mixture S Add salt to the mixture Which of the following sequences in the preparation of soap is correct? A PQSR B P SQR C QPSR D QRPS

44

7.

The diagram shows the change in the molecular structure of natural rubber when it is stretched and released.

What is the characteristic of natural rubber shown in the above figure? A Elastic B Soft C Sticky D Easily snapped APPLICATION 8. The figure shows an experiment on the coagulation of latex.

45

Which substance can replace ethanoic acid in the experiment? A Lime water B Lemon juice C Sugar solution D Common salt solution 9. A pupil found the white board in his classroom had been written on with permanent ink. What substance is suitable to be used to wipe off the ink? A Water B Acid C Alkali D Alcohol 10. What should be done to natural rubber to produce tyres that are harder and more heat resistant? A. Add iron wire B. Add ethanoic acid C. Add with sulphur D. Add ammonia solution

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CHAPTER 13 : MOTION KNOWLEDGE 1. In the four stroke diesel engine, the mixture of air and fuel is burnt in A. B. C. D. 2. Power stroke Intake stroke Exhaust stroke Compression stroke

A train will continue moving even though its engine is turned off. This happens because the train has A. B. C. D. a large inertia a large power a large momentum a high acceleration

3.

The diagram below shows part of a ticker tape of moving trolley.

Direction of movement

What is the type of motion of the trolley ? A B C D 4. Decreasing velocity Increasing velocity Uniform velocity Zero velocity

The momentum of an object depends on I its mass

47 II III A B C D its velocity its size I and II only I and III only II and III only I, II and III

5.

The figure shows the cross section of an aeroplane wing. At which point A, B, C or D does the air experience the lowest pressure ?
D

AA
A C

UNDERSTANDING 6 A car moves with a constant velocity of 20 ms-1. The car accelerates and reaches a velocity of 50 ms-1 in 6 seconds .What is its acceleration ? A. 3 ms-2 B. 6 ms-2 C. 5 ms-2 D. 12 ms-2 The diagram below shows a wooden block with a weight of 150 N.

3m

X 4m
2m

How much pressure is exerted on the floor if the wooden block is placed with the surface labeled X in contact with the floor ? A. 12.5 Nm-2

48 B. 15.0 Nm-2 C. 18.75 Nm-2 D. 25.0 Nm-2

The diagram bellows shows four cans filled with different quantities of soil. These four cans are pushed at the same time. Which of the following cans A, B, C or D, will be the last to stop ?

100g soil A

300g soil B

400g soil C

200g soil D

APPLICATION 9 The diagram below shows an experiment carried out by a student.

Blow hard

Ping pong ball

How is the pressure and velocity in the part labeled P compared to other areas ?

49 Pressure Highest Highest Lowest Lowest Velocity Highest Lowest Highest Lowest

A B C D

10

hich of the following differences between the rocket engine and the jet engine is true ? A B C D Rocket Engine Only one person can Operate the machine Uses liquid hydrogen as fuel Uses the oxygen of the atmosphere. Can fly in the Earths atmosphere only Jet Engine A few people are needed operate the machine Uses kerosene as fuel Carries its own oxygen supply Can fly in the Earths atmosphere and in space

50

CHAPTER 14 : FOOD TECHNOLOGY AND PRODUCTION KNOWLEDGE 1. Which of the following methods of food processing uses gamma rays? A B C D 2. Canning Freezing Irradiation Vacuum packaging

Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is an example of a A B C D Preservative Colouring Emulsifier Flavouring

3.

Food will look fresh and attractive when added with A B C D Bleach Colouring Stabilizer Sweetener

4.

The statement below explains how fresh milk is preserved.

Fresh milk is heated to 63 C for 30 minutes and quickly cooled

51 Base on the above statement which of the following methods is used to preserve fresh milk? A B C D Dehydration Pasteurisation Cooling Sterilisation

5.

Food processed by canning is free from microorganisms because A The food is sterilised by heating B Preservatives are added to the food C The food is dehydrated by heating D The food has been freeze dried

UNDERSTANDING 6. Pak Mail want to export ikan patin to Japan. What is the most suitable method to maintain the freshness of the ikan patin. A B C D 7 Canning Pasteurization Deep freezing Dehydration

According to the Food Regulations 1985 what information must be shown in a food label? I Expiry date II Food calorific value III Quantity of food A B C D I and II only I and III only II and III only I,II and III

Which of the following methods is most suitable for increasing the production of food?

52 A B C D The optimum use of land The use of fertiliser The use of food processing The use of modern technology

APPLICATION 9 A farmer has mango plant with big and sweet fruits. He intends to produce large quantities of mango seedlings of this variety in a short period. Which of the following method should he use? A B C D Cloning Stem cutting Bud grafting Germination of seeds

53

CHAPTER 15 : SYNTHETIC MATERIAL IN INDUSTRY KNOWLEDGE 1. Which of the following is not a synthethic polymer A B C D 2 Nylon Protein Perspex Polythene

Which of the following is a natural polymer? A B C D Perspex Cellulose Polystyrene Polyvinyl chloride

Which of the following is used to make varnish? A B C D Polythene Epoxy glue Polyester resin Polyvinyl chloride

What is the best way to dispose of plastic wastes? A B C D Bury plastic waste in the ground far away from residential areas. Keep plastic wastes in lead containers and dump them in deserts. Burn plastic wastes in incinerators. Heat plastic wastes until they melt.

Which of the following are synthetic polymers?

54

I Nylon II Cellulose III Polystyrene A B C D I and II only I and III only II and III only I, II and III

Which of the following are characteristics of synthetic rubber? I Heat resistant II Inert towards chemicals III Ability to absorb shock A B C D I and II only I and III only II and III only I, II and III

UNDERSTANDING 8 Plastic materials are widely used because they are . I Biodegradable II Cheap III Light and can be molded A B C D 9 I and II only I and III only II and III only I, II and III

Which process makes SBR rubber harder and more heat resistant? A B C D Condensation Neutralization Vulcanization Polymerization

APPLICATION

55 10 Car tyres cannot be melted for recycling because A The polymers molecules in rubber are just too long to move along their length. B The polymers in tyres have been crystallized which causes them to burn before they melt C The cross-linked polymers are kept from moving along their length as temperature is increased D Rubber is made of tree-like polymers that cannot move along their length the way chain-like polymers can.

11

The diagram below shows some uses of composite plastic.

What is the type of plastic used to make these materials? A B C D Mylar Kevlar Nomex Perspex

56

CHAPTER 16 : ELECTRONICS AND INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) KNOWLEDGE 1. Which of the following devices is used to limit the flow of current ? A. B. C. D. 2. Resistor Capacitor Diode Inductor

Wave can be produced by A. B. C. D. vibration and carry energy vibration and contain magnetism vibration at right angles to the direction the wave is traveling vibration and carry energy through a medium

3.

What is the function of a modulator in the radio transmission system ? A. B. C. D. Change sound wave into audio signals. Amplifies audio signal Combines audio signals with radio wave. Transmits radio wave through the atmosphere.

4.

How many geostationary satellites are needed for worldwide coverage A. B. C. D. 2 3 4 5

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5.

The diagram below shows part of electromagnet spectrum.

Which of the following are K and L? A B C D K Ultraviolet X-rays Visible light X-rays L Microwaves Microwaves Short waves Visible light

6.

The diagram below shows an electric component.

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What is the function of this component? A B C D Acts as a switch or amplifier Allows an alternating current flow Allows electric current to flow in one direction only Steps up or steps down the voltage of an alternating current.

UNDERSTANDING 7. Which of the following are the advantages of satellite communications? I Better reception then fibre-optic cable II Direct live broadcast to the whole world III Not affected by whether condition A I and II only B I and III only C II and III only D I , II and III 8. The diagram below shows a receiver used to receive signal from a satellite in the space.

What are the advantages of using satellites in communication?

59 I More information can be transmitted II Transmission is not affected by whether III Only two satellites are needed to cover the transmission A I and II only B I and III only C II and III only D I , II and III

APPLICATION 9. If the radio wave with a frequency of 500Hz has a wavelength of 2.3m. What is its velocity? A 500 ms-1 B 1050 ms-1 C 1150 ms-1 D 1200 ms-1 10. A wave travels at a velocity at 5 x 107 ms-1. What is the frequency of the wave if its wavelength is 1.0 x 10-6m? A 1.0 x 1014 ms-1 B 2.0 x 1013 ms-1 C 5.0 x 1013 ms-1 D 5.0 x 1014 ms-1 11. A wave that has a velocity of 320ms-1 and frequency of 2kHz will have a wavelength of A B C D 0.16m 160m 640m 640km

60 12. The diagram shows the displacement-distance graph of a wave.

Which of the following statements is true? A The amplitude is 60cm B The wavelength is 2.5m C The frequency is 50Hz D The velocity is 2.5 ms-1

13

If an electromagnet wave has a wavelength of 2 km and a velocity of 300kms-1, then its frequency is A 15kHz B 150kHz C 1.5MHz D 15 MHz

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