Anda di halaman 1dari 7

Central Colleges of the Philippines College of Arts and Sciences- Education Mathematics and Natural Sciences Department

Experiment No. 5 Changes of Matter and Energy Transformation

SALVACION, KERVIN T. BSME-1 GROUP NO. 3 DATE PERFORMED: September 10, 2012 DATE OF SUBMISSION: October 16, 2012

Prof. Malou Medina

II. Purpose/ Objective 1. To differentiate physical change from chemical change. 2. To know that energy is involved in chemical change. 3. To identify the different types of chemical transformation. III. Materials Bunsen Burner, 50-ml beaker, crucible tong, evaporating dish, 10-ml graduated cylinder, match, platform balance, spatula, test tubes, test tube brush, test tube rack, tripod and wire gauze. IV. Chemicals Used Iodine crystals, zinc strips (Zn), hydrochloric acid solution (HCI) and ethyl alcohol, staple wire, copper sulfate solution (CuSO4) V. Procedure A. Physical and Chemical Changes 1. Place 0.5 g of iodine crystals in an evaporating dish and heat over a small sized non-luminous flame. When most of the iodine crystals had vaporized put off the flame and allow cooling for several minutes. 2. Put zinc strip at the tip of crucible tong and ignite it with non-luminous flame. B. Energy Transformation 1. Measure 10-ml of alcohol and pour it into a 50-ml beaker. Add 1 g of iodine crystals and stir the resulting solution. Feel the bottom portion of the beaker. 2. Pour 5-ml of water into a test tube and add 0.5 g of calcium hydroxide. Mix thoroughly the calcium hydroxide solution. Feel the bottom part of the test tube. C. Types of Chemical Reaction 1. Synthesis or Combination Hold the magnesium ribbon by means of crucible tong and ignite in non-luminous flame. 2. Decomposition Heat strongly 0.5 g of potassium chlorate strongly in a test tube. Thrust a glowing splinter into the test tube. 3. Displacement or Substitution Add 5 pieces of staple wire to 5-ml of copper sulfate solution, which is contained in a test tube. Allow it to stand and observe. 4. Metathesis or Double Substitution Mix 5- ml of HCI solution and 5-ml of copper sulfate solution and observe.

VI. Data and Observation A. Physical and Chemical Changes 1. Iodine Crystals What substance was formed after cooling? No substance formed What type of change took place? Physical Change What is physical change? A change in phyisal properties of matter like in size and color. 2. What substance was formed after ignition? Magnesium Oxide (MgO) What type of change took place? Chemical Change What is chemical change? A change that involves in chemical composition of matter B. Energy Transformation 1. Iodine Crystals + Alcohol Describe the temparature at the bottom portion of the beaker. The temparature is cold. The temparature is decreased at the bottom. 2. Calcium Hydroxide + Water Observation: C. Chemical Reactions 1. What product is formed after lighting Mg? (MgO) Magnesium Oxide Equation Involved: Mg + O

2. What gas is liberated after heating KCLO What happened to the glowing splinter? It is continously ignited or stayed alight. What equation involved: 2KCLO 2KCL + 3O 3. Describe the reaction between staple wire and CuSO Solution. The staple wire turned dark blue What are the products formed? SnSO + Cu Equations involved: __HCI + CuSO 4. Describe the result after mixing HCI and CuSO Solutions. The solution turned from dark blue to light blue. Equation Involved: HCI + CuSO VIII. Conclusions: I therefore conclude that a substance may undergo in either a physical or chemical change depending on the process have done. An object is said to be in a physical change when the object has only change in its physical properties like in size and color. While an object is said to be in physical change when it involves a change in chemical composition of matter. I also learned the Energy transformation of matter and the types of chemical reaction.

Central Colleges of the Philippines College of Arts and Sciences- Education Mathematics and Natural Sciences Department

Experiment No. 6 Changes of Matter and Energy Transformation

SALVACION, KERVIN T. BSME-1 GROUP NO. 3 DATE PERFORMED: September 19, 2012 DATE OF SUBMISSION: October 16, 2012

Prof. Malou Medina

VI. Data and Results: A. Boyle's Law

DATA 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Volume of entrapped air in graduated cylinder, ml (V ) Distance between the water levels inside and outside the graduated cylinder, mm (h) Atmospheric or Barometric Pressure, mm (P) Vapor Pressure of water, mm (a) Corrected gas pressure due to entrapped air mm (Pg) Room temparature, C Absolute Temparature, K Volume of entrapped air at STP condition, ml (Vo)

CASE 1

CASE 2

CASE 3

VI. Data and Results: A. Boyle's Law

DATA 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Volume of entrapped air in graduated cylinder, ml (V ) Distance between the water levels inside and outside the graduated cylinder, mm (h) Atmospheric or Barometric Pressure, mm (P) Vapor Pressure of water, mm (a) Corrected gas pressure due to entrapped air mm (Pg) Room temparature, C Absolute Temparature, K Volume of entrapped air at STP condition, ml (Vo)

CASE 1

CASE 2

CASE 3

VI. Data and Results: A. Boyle's Law

DATA 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Volume of entrapped air in graduated cylinder, ml (V ) Distance between the water levels inside and outside the graduated cylinder, mm (h) Atmospheric or Barometric Pressure, mm (P) Vapor Pressure of water, mm (a) Corrected gas pressure due to entrapped air mm (Pg) Room temparature, C Absolute Temparature, K Volume of entrapped air at STP condition, ml (Vo)

CASE 1

CASE 2

CASE 3