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Analisa Dinamika Struktur

SOAL 1
q

DIKETAHUI :
Struktur pada gambar di atas dengan data sebagai berikut :
Penampang persegi
q

= 2 ton / m2

= 15 m

=7m

DIMINTA :
Kekakuan kolom di hitung dengan prinsip shear building, tentukan :
a.

Simpangan Dinamik Struktur

b.

Dynamic Magnification Factor atau Dynamic Load Factor ( DLF )

Struktur rasio tersebut dengan rasio frekuensi masing masing untuk :


r

= 0,10 ; 0,25 ; 0,60 ; 0,90 ; 1,25 ; 1,75

Rasio Redaman ( ) = 5 % , 10% , 20% , 40% , 70%

Analisa Dinamika Struktur

PENYELESAIAN :
I =

1
bh 3
12

I =

1
30 303
12

I = 67500 cm4

Dengan prinsip shear building akan didapat kekakuan kolom :


K =

12 EI
H3

K =

12 2,1105 67500
7003

m=

= 495,918 kg / cm

( 3kolom = 1487,755 kg/cm )

2000 30
= 61,225kgdt 2 / cm
980

k
m

495,918
61,225

= 2,846 rad / detik

Analisa Dinamika Struktur

Plot Simpangan Struktur ( Yt )

Untuk
maka

r = 0,1 t = 1 detik
=r.
= 0,1 x 2,846
= 0,2846 rad / detik

Yt =

5000
1

[sin ( t ) r sin ( t ) ]
1487,755 1 0,12

= 6,789 x 10-6 rad . cm / kg detik

Untuk r = 0,25 t = 1 detik


maka

=r.
= 0,25 x 2,846
= 0,7115 rad / detik

Yt =

5000
1

[sin ( t ) r sin ( t ) ]
1487,755 1 0,25 2

= 0 rad . cm / kg detik

Untuk r = 0,6 t = 1 detik


maka

=r.
= 0,6 x 2,846
= 1,708 rad / detik

Yt =

5000
1

[sin ( t ) r sin ( t ) ]
1487,755 1 0,6 2

= 0 rad . cm / kg detik

Analisa Dinamika Struktur

Untuk r = 1,25 t = 1 detik


maka

=r.
= 1,25 x 2,846
= 3,5575 rad / detik

Yt =

5000
1

[sin ( t ) r sin ( t ) ]
1487,755 1 1,252

= 8,58 x 10-5 rad . cm / kg detik

Dynamic Load Factor ( DLF )


DLF =

Untuk
DLF =

(1 r ) + ( 2 r )
2 2

r = 0,1 dan = 50 % maka DLF nya adalah :


1

(1 0,1 ) + ( 2 50% 0,1)


2 2

DLF =1,010

Untuk perhitungan selanjutnya dapat dilihat pada tabel berikut ini :


R
0,1
0,25
0,6
0,9
1,25
1,75

5%
5%
5%
5%
5%
5%

10%
10%
10%
10%
10%
10%

20%
20%
20%
20%
20%
20%

40%
40%
40%
40%
40%
40%

70%
70%
70%
70%
70%
70%

DLF
(=5%)
1,0202
1,1370
2,4201
22,6244
3,0118
0,2334

DLF
( =10 % )
1,0199
1,1346
2,3585
14,5985
2,6392
0,2285

DLF
( = 20 % )
1,0186
1,1250
2,1404
6,0350
1,7655
0,2108

DLF
( = 40 % )
1,0137
1,0883
1,5625
1,8034
0,7596
0,1609

DLF
( = 70 % )
1,0003
0,9986
0,8967
0,6159
0,2960
0,0975

Analisa Dinamika Struktur

DLF = [1 cos( t ) ]

Dimana :

= frekuensi natural

= waktu = 1 detik

k
= 2,846
m

untuk t diambil selang waktu 0,1 detik


Berikut ini adalah contoh perhitungan untuk t = 0,1 detik :
DLF = [1 cos( 2,846 0,1) ]

DLF

= [ 1 cos 0,2846 ]

DLF

= 0,04023

Untuk perhitungan selanjutnya dapat dilihat pada tabel berikut :


Rasio
frekuensi ( r )

Rasio peredaman ( )
5%
1,0202
1,1370
2,4201
22,6244
3,0118
0,2334

0,1
0,25
0,6
0,9
1,25
1,75

No

10 %
1,0199
1,1346
2,3585
14,5985
2,6392
0,2285

20%
1,0186
1,1250
2,1404
6,0350
1,7655
0,2108

40%
1,0137
1,0883
1,5625
1,8034
0,7596
0,1609

70%
1,0003
0,9986
0,8967
0,6159
0,2960
0,0975

DLF

0,1

2,846 0,04023

0,2

2,846 0,15767

0,3

2,846 0,34288

0,4

2,846 0,58095

0,5

2,846 0,85274

0,6

2,846 1,13638

0,7

2,846 1,40904

Analisa Dinamika Struktur

0,8

2,846

1,6488

10

0,9

2,846 1,83636

11

2,846 1,95663

12

1,1

2,846 1,99994

13

1,2

2,846

14

1,3

2,846 1,84821

15

1,4

2,846 1,66537

16

1,5

2,846

17

1,6

2,846 1,15812

18

1,7

2,846 0,87452

19

1,8

2,846 0,60101

20

1,9

2,846 0,35961

21

2,846 0,16972

22

2,1

2,846 0,04663

23

2,2

2,846 0,00024

24

2,3

2,846 0,03429

25

2,4

2,846 0,14602

26

2,5

2,846 0,32646

27

2,6

2,846 0,56109

28

2,7

2,846 0,83103

29

2,8

2,846 1,11457

30

2,9

2,846 1,38888

31

2,846 1,63191

32

3,1

2,846

33

3,2

2,846 1,94999

34

3,3

2,846 1,99946

1,9628

1,429

1,8241

Analisa Dinamika Struktur

35

3,4

2,846 1,96851

36

3,5

2,846 1,85964

37

3,6

2,846 1,68162

38

3,7

2,846 1,44876

39

3,8

2,846 1,17979

40

3,9

2,846 0,89636

41

2,846 0,62127

42

4,1

2,846 0,37665

43

4,2

2,846 0,18217

44

4,3

2,846

45

4,4

2,846 0,00097

46

4,5

2,846 0,02881

47

4,6

2,846 0,13479

48

4,7

2,846 0,31038

49

4,8

2,846 0,54145

50

4,9

2,846 0,80941

51

52

5,1

2,846 1,36854

53

5,2

2,846 1,61472

54

5,3

2,846 1,81145

55

5,4

2,846

56

5,5

2,846 1,99849

57

5,6

2,846 1,97375

58

5,7

2,846 1,87067

59

5,8

2,846 1,69754

60

5,9

2,846 1,46829

2,846

0,0535

1,0927

1,9429

Analisa Dinamika Struktur

61

2,846 1,20137

62

6,1

2,846 0,91825

63

6,2

2,846 0,64171

64

6,3

2,846 0,39399

65

6,4

2,846 0,19502

66

6,5

2,846 0,06082

67

6,6

2,846 0,00217

68

6,7

2,846 0,02381

69

6,8

2,846 0,12398

70

6,9

2,846 0,29462

71

2,846 0,52202

72

7,1

2,846 0,78787

73

7,2

2,846 1,07079

74

7,3

2,846 1,34801

75

7,4

2,846 1,59723

76

7,5

2,846 1,79841

77

7,6

2,846 1,93535

78

7,7

2,846 1,99704

79

7,8

2,846 1,97852

80

7,9

2,846 1,88127

81

2,846 1,71312

82

8,1

2,846 1,48761

83

8,2

2,846 1,22286

84

8,3

2,846 0,94018

85

8,4

2,846 0,66232

86

8,5

2,846 0,41162

Analisa Dinamika Struktur

87

8,6

2,846 0,20826

88

8,7

2,846 0,06859

89

8,8

2,846 0,00386

90

8,9

2,846 0,01928

91

2,846 0,11359

92

9,1

2,846 0,27921

93

9,2

2,846 0,50283

94

9,3

2,846 0,76644

95

9,4

2,846 1,04884

96

9,5

2,846 1,32732

97

9,6

2,846 1,57946

98

9,7

2,846 1,78498

99

9,8

2,846 1,92735

100

9,9

2,846 1,99511

Analisa Dinamika Struktur


>> %**** ANALISA DINAMIKA STRUKTUR **************
%**** dikerjakan oleh ===>>> PRALAMBANG GALIH WICAKSONO ( 02 208 2965 )
%**** f=w/(2*pi)
%**** T=1/f
%**** w=(k/m)^0.5
%<<<====================== DINAMIC LOAD FACTOR ====================>>>%
gravitasi=980;
E=2.1e5;
Q=2000;
L1=1500;
L2=1500;
H=700;
b1=30;
b2=30;
h1=30;
h2=30;
beban=Q*(L1+L2);
I1=1/12*b1*(h1^3);
I2=1/12*b2*(h2^3);
K1=(12*E*I1);
K2=(12*E*I2);
k=(2*K1)+K2;
m=beban/gravitasi;
Po=5000;
w=(k/m)^0,5;
t=linspace(0,30*pi);
Y=(Po/k*(1-cos(w*t)));
DLF=1-(cos(w*t));
plot(t,Y,'G',t,DLF,'R')
legend('DLF','Y(t)')
grid on

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Analisa Dinamika Struktur


%**** ANALISA DINAMIKA STRUKTUR **************
%**** dikerjakan oleh ===>>> PRALAMBANG GALIH WICAKSONO ( 02 208 2965 )
%**** f=w/(2*pi)
%**** T=1/f
%**** w=(k/m)^0.5
%<<<====================== DINAMIC LOAD FACTOR ====================>>>%
gravitasi=980;
E=2.1e5;
Q=2000;
L1=1500;
L2=1500;
H=700;
b1=30;
b2=30;
h1=30;
h2=30;
beban=Q*(L1+L2);
I1=1/12*b1*(h1^3);
I2=1/12*b2*(h2^3);
K1=(12*E*I1);
K2=(12*E*I2);
k=(2*K1)+K2;
m=beban/gravitasi;
Po=5000;
O=1.75;
w=(k/m)^0.5;
t=linspace(0,30*pi);
TotalRespons=(Po/m*((w^2)-(O^2)))*(sin(O*t)-(O/w)*sin(w*t));
SteadyStatateRespons=(Po/m*((w^2)-(O^2)))*sin(O*t);
TransientRespons=(Po/m*((w^2)-(O^2)))*(O/w)*sin(w*t);
plot(t,TotalRespons,'k',t,SteadyStatateRespons,'b',t,TransientRespons,'g')
legend('TotalRespons','SteadyStatateRespons','TransientRespons')
grid on

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Analisa Dinamika Struktur

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Analisa Dinamika Struktur


%**** ANALISA DINAMIKA STRUKTUR **************
%**** dikerjakan oleh ===>>> PRALAMBANG GALIH WICAKSONO ( 02 208 2965 )
%**** f=w/(2*pi)
%**** T=1/f
%**** w=(k/m)^0.5
%<<<====================== DINAMIC LOAD FACTOR ====================>>>%
gravitasi=980;
E=2.1e5;
Q=2000;
L1=1500;
L2=1500;
H=700;
b1=30;
b2=30;
h1=30;
h2=30;
beban=Q*(L1+L2);
I1=1/12*b1*(h1^3);
I2=1/12*b2*(h2^3);
K1=(12*E*I1);
K2=(12*E*I2);
k=(2*K1)+K2;
m=beban/gravitasi;
Po=5000;
O=1.25;
w=(k/m)^0.5;
t=linspace(0,30*pi);
TotalRespons=(Po/m*((w^2)-(O^2)))*(sin(O*t)-(O/w)*sin(w*t));
SteadyStatateRespons=(Po/m*((w^2)-(O^2)))*sin(O*t);
TransientRespons=(Po/m*((w^2)-(O^2)))*(O/w)*sin(w*t);
plot(t,TotalRespons,'k',t,SteadyStatateRespons,'b',t,TransientRespons,'g')
legend('TotalRespons','SteadyStatateRespons','TransientRespons')
grid on

13

Analisa Dinamika Struktur

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Analisa Dinamika Struktur


%**** ANALISA DINAMIKA STRUKTUR **************
%**** dikerjakan oleh ===>>> PRALAMBANG GALIH WICAKSONO ( 02 208 2965 )
%**** f=w/(2*pi)
%**** T=1/f
%**** w=(k/m)^0.5
%<<<====================== DINAMIC LOAD FACTOR ====================>>>%
gravitasi=980;
E=2.1e5;
Q=2000;
L1=1500;
L2=1500;
H=700;
b1=30;
b2=30;
h1=30;
h2=30;
beban=Q*(L1+L2);
I1=1/12*b1*(h1^3);
I2=1/12*b2*(h2^3);
K1=(12*E*I1);
K2=(12*E*I2);
k=(2*K1)+K2;
m=beban/gravitasi;
Po=5000;
O=0.90;
w=(k/m)^0.5;
t=linspace(0,30*pi);
TotalRespons=(Po/m*((w^2)-(O^2)))*(sin(O*t)-(O/w)*sin(w*t));
SteadyStatateRespons=(Po/m*((w^2)-(O^2)))*sin(O*t);
TransientRespons=(Po/m*((w^2)-(O^2)))*(O/w)*sin(w*t);
plot(t,TotalRespons,'k',t,SteadyStatateRespons,'b',t,TransientRespons,'g')
legend('TotalRespons','SteadyStatateRespons','TransientRespons')
grid on

15

Analisa Dinamika Struktur

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Analisa Dinamika Struktur


%**** ANALISA DINAMIKA STRUKTUR **************
%**** dikerjakan oleh ===>>> PRALAMBANG GALIH WICAKSONO ( 02 208 2965 )
%**** f=w/(2*pi)
%**** T=1/f
%**** w=(k/m)^0.5
%<<<====================== DINAMIC LOAD FACTOR ====================>>>%
gravitasi=980;
E=2.1e5;
Q=2000;
L1=1500;
L2=1500;
H=700;
b1=30;
b2=30;
h1=30;
h2=30;
beban=Q*(L1+L2);
I1=1/12*b1*(h1^3);
I2=1/12*b2*(h2^3);
K1=(12*E*I1);
K2=(12*E*I2);
k=(2*K1)+K2;
m=beban/gravitasi;
Po=5000;
O=0.60;
w=(k/m)^0.5;
t=linspace(0,30*pi);
TotalRespons=(Po/m*((w^2)-(O^2)))*(sin(O*t)-(O/w)*sin(w*t));
SteadyStatateRespons=(Po/m*((w^2)-(O^2)))*sin(O*t);
TransientRespons=(Po/m*((w^2)-(O^2)))*(O/w)*sin(w*t);
plot(t,TotalRespons,'k',t,SteadyStatateRespons,'b',t,TransientRespons,'g')
legend('TotalRespons','SteadyStatateRespons','TransientRespons')
grid on

17

Analisa Dinamika Struktur

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Analisa Dinamika Struktur


%**** ANALISA DINAMIKA STRUKTUR **************
%**** dikerjakan oleh ===>>> PRALAMBANG GALIH WICAKSONO ( 02 208 2965 )
%**** f=w/(2*pi)
%**** T=1/f
%**** w=(k/m)^0.5
%<<<====================== DINAMIC LOAD FACTOR ====================>>>%
gravitasi=980;
E=2.1e5;
Q=2000;
L1=1500;
L2=1500;
H=700;
b1=30;
b2=30;
h1=30;
h2=30;
beban=Q*(L1+L2);
I1=1/12*b1*(h1^3);
I2=1/12*b2*(h2^3);
K1=(12*E*I1);
K2=(12*E*I2);
k=(2*K1)+K2;
m=beban/gravitasi;
Po=5000;
O=0.25;
w=(k/m)^0.5;
t=linspace(0,30*pi);
TotalRespons=(Po/m*((w^2)-(O^2)))*(sin(O*t)-(O/w)*sin(w*t));
SteadyStatateRespons=(Po/m*((w^2)-(O^2)))*sin(O*t);
TransientRespons=(Po/m*((w^2)-(O^2)))*(O/w)*sin(w*t);
plot(t,TotalRespons,'k',t,SteadyStatateRespons,'b',t,TransientRespons,'g')
legend('TotalRespons','SteadyStatateRespons','TransientRespons')
grid on

19

Analisa Dinamika Struktur

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Analisa Dinamika Struktur


%**** ANALISA DINAMIKA STRUKTUR **************
%**** dikerjakan oleh ===>>> PRALAMBANG GALIH WICAKSONO ( 02 208 2965 )
%**** f=w/(2*pi)
%**** T=1/f
%**** w=(k/m)^0.5
%<<<====================== DINAMIC LOAD FACTOR ====================>>>%
gravitasi=980;
E=2.1e5;
Q=2000;
L1=1500;
L2=1500;
H=700;
b1=30;
b2=30;
h1=30;
h2=30;
beban=Q*(L1+L2);
I1=1/12*b1*(h1^3);
I2=1/12*b2*(h2^3);
K1=(12*E*I1);
K2=(12*E*I2);
k=(2*K1)+K2;
m=beban/gravitasi;
Po=5000;
O=0.1;
w=(k/m)^0.5;
t=linspace(0,30*pi);
TotalRespons=(Po/m*((w^2)-(O^2)))*(sin(O*t)-(O/w)*sin(w*t));
SteadyStatateRespons=(Po/m*((w^2)-(O^2)))*sin(O*t);
TransientRespons=(Po/m*((w^2)-(O^2)))*(O/w)*sin(w*t);
plot(t,TotalRespons,'k',t,SteadyStatateRespons,'b',t,TransientRespons,'g')
legend('TotalRespons','SteadyStatateRespons','TransientRespons')
grid on

21

Analisa Dinamika Struktur

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Analisa Dinamika Struktur


%**** ANALISA DINAMIKA STRUKTUR **************
%**** dikerjakan oleh ===>>> PRALAMBANG GALIH WICAKSONO ( 02 208 2965 )
%**** f=w/(2*pi)
%**** T=1/f
%**** w=(k/m)^0.5
%<<<==================== DYNAMIC LOAD FACTOR MAGNITUDO ===============>>>%
clear
ks=5/100;
ks2=10/100;
ks3=20/100;
ks4=40/100;
ks5=70/100;
r=linspace(0,5);
DLF=(((1-(r.^2))).^2+((2*ks.*r).^2)).^(-0.5);
DLF2=(((1-(r.^2))).^2+((2*ks2.*r).^2)).^(-0.5);
DLF3=(((1-(r.^2))).^2+((2*ks3.*r).^2)).^(-0.5);
DLF4=(((1-(r.^2))).^2+((2*ks4.*r).^2)).^(-0.5);
DLF5=(((1-(r.^2))).^2+((2*ks5.*r).^2)).^(-0.5);
plot(r,DLF,'r',r,DLF2,'y',r,DLF3,'g',r,DLF4,'b',r,DLF5,'m')
legend('DLF ks=5/100','DLF2 ks=10/100','DLF ks=20/100','DLF ks=40/100','DLF
ks=70/100')
grid on

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