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DEFINASI MUZIK POPULAR Mudah difahami sebagai, komersil /untuk jualan dan menarik bagi khalayak luas Melibatkan

libatkan rakaman muzik, sering berorientasikan menuju ke pasaran remaja, biasanya terdiri dari yang pendek (tidak seperti gubahan muzik klasikal) lagu-lagu cinta sederhana memanfaatkan inovasi teknologi untuk menghasilkan variasi baru dengan tema yang ada pada masakini.

Muzik popular milik salah satu daripada sejumlah genre muzik, memiliki daya tarikan yang luas. Ia berbeza dengan muzik tradisional yang disebarkan secara lisan secara tradisi turun-temurun dalam sesebuah komuniti. Muzik popular adalah istilah umum untuk muzik dari segala usia yang menarik selera popular. Muzik Pop biasanya merujuk pada sebuah genre muzik tertentu dalam era Muzik Popular. Cara lain untuk mentakrifkan muzik popular adalah untuk menyambung populariti dengan cara penyebaran.

CIRI-CIRI MUZIK POPULAR Ahli muzik sering mengenalpasti ciri-ciri berikut sebagai khas dari genre muzik popular: bertujuan menarik bagi khalayak umum, daripada budaya-sub tertentu atau ideologi penekanan pada rakaman, produksi, dan teknologi, atas prestasi hidup kecenderungan untuk mencerminkan trend yang ada daripada perkembangan progresif muzik pop banyak yang dimaksudkan untuk mendorong menari, atau menggunakan tariberorientasikan beats atau irama

SIFAT LAGU MUZIK POPULAR standardized, (sama) Imitation (peniruan dari sesuatu yang diminati sebelumnya) repeatation (pengulangan samaada aspek gubahan/ tema lagu/ lirik/ gaya nyanyia dsb) canned music (umpama makanan di dalam tin. Disediakan dan dijangkakan diminati) Industrial / commercial (melibatkan industry rakamam/ iklan/fesyen/ foto/ video/ media/ publisiti/gossip/konsert dll)

KEPENTINGAN TEKNOLOGI DALAM MUZIK POPULAR Penggunaan alat muzik kian berkembang dan berubah Rakaman muzik Publisiti melalui pelbagi media Penampilan di TV/medi-media lain

TOPIK YANG DIBINCANGKAN Perbezaan utama dalam genre-genre muzik Blues: Mengutamakan teks/lirik sebagai meluahkan perasaan. Jazz: Improvisasi alat muzik/penampilan pemuzik solo/ penggunaan kord-kord sekunder Alat muzik tiupan seperti trumpet , sexofon dll

Rock and Roll : Muzik rancak/Penampilan gaya muda-mudi pakaian dan rambut/ tarian/kebebasan social/ diminati oleh kulit putih

Rock : Cara nyanyian berubah/Penampilan pemuzik/ konsert tebuka/ system bunyi/ penggunaan gadjet untuk gitar/sosial bebas/penggunaan dadah/ lahir kumpulan muzik rock

Disco : Penampilan gaya rambut/pakaian/ tarian/ kelab malam/ peralatan muzik lebih banyak/pengaruh kulit hitam/ filem

Sub Genre Muzik Motown : Muzik kulit hitam yang dipengaruhi dari muzik gospel (gereja) penuh emosi/jiwa . Muzik member detik pada gerak badan. Popular dalam era 70an.

Elemen-elemen black dalam gubahan muzik popular Ritma/rhythm - dipengaruhi rentak-rentak kulit hitam. Bila didengar akan membuatkan kita ingin mengikut rentaknya. Gubahan nyanyian call and respon (sahut-sahutan dari nyanyian tradisi orang negro). Pengaruh Gospel nyanyian lagu-lagu ketuhanan di gereja yang mendayu-dayu Melibatkan fesyen dan gaya pergerakkan badan ( contohnya retro)

POPULAR MUSIC Pop is not a do-it-yourself music but is professionally produced and packaged." Pop music is a music genre that developed from the mid-1950s as a softer alternative to rock 'n' roll and later to rock music. It has a focus on commercial recording, often oriented towards a youth market, usually through the medium of relatively short and simple love songs. While these basic elements of the genre have remained fairly constant, pop music has absorbed influences from most other forms of popular music, particularly borrowing from the development of rock music, and utilizing key technological innovations to produce new variations on existing themes. The term "pop song" is first recorded as being used in 1926 in the sense of a piece of music "having popular appeal". Starting in the 1950s the term "pop music" has been used to describe a distinct genre, aimed at a youth market, often characterized as a softer alternative to rock and roll. In the aftermath of the British Invasion, from about 1967, it was increasingly used in opposition to the term rock music, to describe a form that was more commercial, ephemeral and accessible. Although pop music is often seen as oriented towards the singles charts, as a genre it is not the sum of all chart music, which have always contained songs from a variety of sources, including classical, jazz, rock, and novelty songs, while pop music as a genre is usually seen as existing and developing separately. Popular songs Modern popular songs are typically distributed as recordings, and are played on the radio, though all other mass media that have audio capabilities are involved. Their relative popularity is inferred from commercially significant sales of recordings, ratings of stations and networks that play them, and ticket sales for concerts by the recording artists. A popular song can become a modern folk song when members of the public who learn to sing it from the recorded version teach their version to others. Popular songs may be called pop songs for short, although pop songs or pop music may instead be considered a more commercially popular genre of popular music as a whole. Many people consider songs in popular music to have in general simpler structures than art songs, however, musicologists who are "both contemptuous and condescending [of popular music] are looking for types of production, musical form, and listening which they associate with a different kind of music...'classical music'...and they generally find popular music lacking" (Middleton 1990, p. 103).

Song structure (popular music) The structures or musical forms of songs in popular music are typically sectional, repeating forms, such as strophic form. Other common forms include thirty-two-bar form, verse-chorus form, and the twelve bar blues. Popular music songs are rarely composed using different music for each stanza of the lyrics (songs composed in this fashion are said to be " through-composed"). The verse and chorus are considered the primary elements. Each verse usually has the same melody (possibly with some slight modifications), but the lyrics change for most verses. The chorus (or "refrain") usually has a melodic phrase and a key lyrical line which is repeated. Pop songs may have an introduction and coda ("tag"), but these elements are not essential to the identity of most songs. Pop songs that use verses and choruses often have a bridge, which, as its name suggests, is a section which connects the verse and chorus at one or more points in the song. The verse and chorus are usually repeated throughout a song though the bridge, intro, and coda (also called an "outro") are usually only used once. Some pop songs may have a solo section, particularly in rock or blues-influenced pop. During the solo section one or more instruments play a melodic line which may be the melody used by the singer, or, in blues- or jazz-influenced pop, the solo may be improvised based on the chord progression. Popular Music Composition Structure; Intro Verse Pre-Chorus Chorus Bridge Collision Instrumental Solo Outro Break Ad Lib

Characteristics Musicologists often identify the following characteristics as typical of the pop music genre: a focus on the individual song or singles, rather than on extended works or albums an aim of appealing to a general audience, rather than to a particular sub-culture or ideology an emphasis on craftsmanship rather than formal "artistic" qualities an emphasis on recording, production, and technology, over live performance a tendency to reflect existing trends rather than progressive developments

The main medium of pop music is the song, often between two and a half and three and a half minutes in length, generally marked by a consistent and noticeable rhythmic element, a mainstream style and a simple traditional structure. Common variants include the verse-chorus form and the thirty-two-bar form, with a focus on melodies and catchy hooks, and a chorus that contrasts melodically, rhythmically and harmonically with the verse. The beat and the melodies tend to be simple, with limited harmonic accompaniment. The lyrics of modern pop songs typically focus on simple themes often love and romantic relationships although there are notable exceptions. According to Simon Frith pop music is produced "as a matter of enterprise not art...is designed to appeal to everyone" and "doesn't come from any particular place or mark off any particular taste." It is "not driven by any significant ambition except profit and commercial reward...and, in musical terms, it is essentially conservative." It is "provided from on high (by record companies, radio programmers and concert promoters) rather than being made from below... Pop is not a do-it-yourself music but is professionally produced and packaged." Influences and development Throughout its development, pop music has absorbed influences from most other genres of popular music. Early pop music drew on the sentimental ballad for its form, gained its use of vocal harmonies from gospel and soul music, instrumentation from jazz and rock music, orchestration from classical music, tempo from dance music, backing from electronic music and has recently appropriated spoken passages from rap. It has also made use of technological innovation, being itself made possible by the invention of the electronic microphone and the vinyl record, and adopting multitrack recording anddigital sampling as methods for the creation and elaboration of pop music. Pop music was also communicated largely through the mass media, including radio, film, TV and, particularly since the 1980s, video. Pop music has been dominated by the American (and from the mid-1960s British) music industries, whose influence has made pop music something of an international monoculture, but most regions and countries have their own form of pop music, sometimes producing local versions of wider trends, and lending them local characteristics. [11] Some of these trends (for example Europop) have had a significant impact of the development of the genre.

Popular Music Icons Overview. Pop music is usually comprised of happy, upbeat rhythms with simple melodies and lyrics that relate to love, relationships, sex and dancing. It is not a genre that is meant to bring deep and serious world issues to the fore, nor is it meant to invoke introspection and reflection. It's there simply to bop around to, and join in the rousing chorus at the top of your lungs. Its feel good music, designed for fun and lighthearted entertainment. Unlike other music genres such as rock and hip hop, where the songs are often written by the artists themselves, pop songs are usually written by professional songwriters. In order to generate as much exposure as possible, artists create music videos and stage extravagant live performances to attract media interest. Music videos are particularly important as they can enjoy international commercial success and thus reach an extremely wide audience. This has made pop, arguably the world's biggest music genre. "Popular music" has been around since the 50s, with people such as Frank Sinatra and Elvis Presley falling into the category. Pop music, as most of us know it, really came into its own in the 80s with the rise of artists such as Michael Jackson and Madonna. Michael Jackson had nine no.1 singles in the US alone during the 80s, and sold over 136 million albums even though he only released two, Thriller and Bad. This ensured that he became the most successful artist of the 80s and earned him the title "King of Pop".

Madonna was another emerging 80s artist who reached iconic status. Widely regarded as the "Queen of Pop", Madonna has experimented by blending pop with a number of other music genres and has sold over 230 million albums globally. Her album, Like a Virgin achieved Diamond status; one better than Platinum and her single Vogue is one of the biggest selling singles in history. It has sold more than 10 million copies worldwide. The 90s was not a good decade for pop. It saw the emergence of boy bands and girl groups resulting in the Backstreet Boys, N'SYNC and that fascinating UK phenomenon, the Spice Girls. Groups were assembled more for their looks and appeal to teenage audiences than any real singing talent. Towards the end of the 90s we saw a rise of bubble gum pop and aspiring divas, Britney Spears and her competition, Christina Aguilera. Christina experimented and evolved; Britney stagnated in the sex kitten look and had a breakdown. Australia's Kylie Minogue, a former 80s icon, experienced a revival that carried her through to the next century. Latin pop burst onto the scene with Ricky Martin swinging his hips and Shakira shaking everything else. The 2000s have seen a lot of artists take time off from their bands to record solo albums such as Gwen Stefani, while others simply left their bands to pursue solo careers like Justin Timberlake and Robbie Williams. We've seen the rise of Teen pop, who've been given a boost by the Disney Channel, as well as Pop Punk like Fall Out Boy and pop rock like Pink. The popular reality show American Idol has changed the way in which many people achieve fame and commercial success in the music industry. Some artists have proved that it is possible to successfully blend pop music and R&B, artists like Nelly Furtado and Rihanna. Some modern day icons include: Justin Timberlake, who rose to stardom on the tails of one of the more successful boy bands, N'SYNC. He chose to leave the band and pursue an independent solo career and in 2002 released his debut album titled, Justified. After a break of about four years, in which he recorded with other artists, began a movie career, started a fashion label, William Rast, and established his own record label, Tennman Records, he returned to the studio and released his second album, FutureSex/LoveSounds. He has sold over 15 million albums worldwide. Nelly Furtado first came to our attention in 2000 when she released her debut album, Whoa, Nelly. "I'm like a bird", her breakthrough single from the album, won her a Grammy award and established her as an artist to watch. In 2003, after taking some time off to have her first child, she released her second album, Folklore, which didn't fare as well commercially as Whoa, Nelly did. However, her latest album, Loose, which she released in 2006, has put her firmly back on the hit parade. It has had several hit singles, most notably, "Promiscuous", "Maneater", "Say It Right" and "Do It". Nelly is not afraid of experimenting with her sound and often incorporates different instruments, sounds, languages and vocal styles into her music. She claims to have attributed her new youthful sound on Loose to the presence of her two-year old daughter. Kylie Minogue has one of the longest standing and most successful careers in pop music history. She's seen out the 80s, the 90s and has enjoyed huge success in the 2000s. She is primarily famous in Europe and Australia, although her popularity in the US is growing. She is one of the world's most easily recognisable celebrities and earned herself thousands of new fans by the brave manner in which she battled breast cancer and dealt with her resulting hair loss. In January 2007 Madame Tussaud's in London revealed a new waxwork of Kyle, the fourth one. The Queen is the only person in the world to have had more models created. This November Kylie will release her much anticipated 10th album, her first in four years. For most of her career Kylie has been regarded as a gay icon, which she encourages with good humoured comments such as this one, "I am not a traditional gay icon. There's been no tragedy in my life, only tragic outfits." She acknowledges and appreciates her gay support base by openly supporting AIDS and gay rights causes.

Popular Culture Popular culture (commonly known as pop culture) is the totality of ideas, perspectives, attitudes, images and other phenomena that are deemed preferred per an informal consensus within the mainstream of a given culture, specifically Western culture of the early to mid 20th century and the emerging global mainstream of the late 20th to 21st century. Heavily influenced by mass media, this collection of ideas permeates the everyday lives of the society. By contrast, folklore refers to the cultural mainstream of more local or pre-industrial societies. Popular culture has been defined as everything from "common culture," to "folk culture," to "mass culture." While it has been all of these things at various points in history, in Post-War America, popular culture is undeniably associated with commercial culture and all its trappings: movies, television, radio, cyberspace, advertising, toys, nearly any commodity available for purchase, many forms of art, photography, games, and even group "experiences" like collective comet-watching or rave dancing on ecstasy. While humanities and social science departments before the 1950s would rarely have imagined including anything from the previous list in their curricula, it is now widely acknowledged that popular culture can and must be analyzed as an important part of US material, economic and political culture. "Pop culture" is also one of the US' most lucrative export commodities, making everything from Levi's jeans to Spielberg movies popular on the international market. The term "popular culture" itself is of 19th century coinage, in original usage referring to the education and "culturedness" of the lower classes. The term began to assume the meaning of a culture of the lower classes separate from and opposed to "true education" towards the end of the century. The current meaning of the term, culture for mass consumption, especially originating in the United States, is established by the end of World War II. The abbreviated form "pop culture" dates to the 1960s.

Nota Nota tambahan

1. Muzik popular amat mempengaruhi kanak-kanak dan remaja. Bagaimana promosi dijalankan oleh industri muzik bagi tujuan promosi terhadap golongan ini. 2. Muzik asli dikatakan ketinggalan zaman dan kurang diminati oleh remaja masa kini. mengapa ianya dikatakan begitu? 3. elemen black yang mempengaruhi muzik popular. 4. Orang Melayu mempelajari muzik dan alat muzik popular Barat dalam era 50an adalah melalui, 5. Bezanya muzik popular dengan muzik pop? 6. Bezanya lagu Ramlah Ram dengan Lagu Shiela Majid. Apa yang membezakannya? 7. Bezanya lagu Patriotik dengan lagu Nasyid. Apa yang membezakannya? 8. Artis adalah komoditi orang ramai (public commodity). Apakah kebenaran kenyataan ini. 9. Komposer terkenal yang bertanggungjawab dalam mencipta lagu-lagu untuk 60an, 70an, 80an, 90an 1. Selain dari penampilan dalam fesyen, setiap genre muzik popular mempunyai unsur-unsur muziknya yang berubah-berubah . antara genre-genre muzik beriku.

i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi.

Blues : Lebih mementingkan lirik atau teks bagi mencurahkan perasaan. Jazz : Rock : Disco : Rap: : Motown :

1. Aspek manakah teknologi penting dalam perkembangan muzik popular? 2. Dalam era 40an hingga 50an, muzik popular melayu dipengaruhi oleh muzik dari apa ek?

1. Kenapa muzik Jazz kurang diminati ialah kerana,

1. bagaimana seorang artis popular boleh memainkan peranan dalam pendidikan. 2. Peranan guru dalam perkembangan muzik moden. 3. Orang selalu kaitkan industry muzik dengan rakaman muzik. Sebenarnya ianya lebih dari itu. Apa yang selain dari itu? 4. Istilah-istilah berikut didapati dalam muzik popular. i. ii. iii. iv. v. Standardization One-hit wonder Canned music A&R (Bukan R&R) R&B