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PROJECT :

CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Wind Analysis for Low-rise Building, Based on ASCE 7-05 / IBC 2006
INPUT DATA
Exposure category (B, C or D)
Importance factor, pg 77, (0.87, 1.0 or 1.15)
Basic wind speed (IBC Tab 1609.3.1V3S)
Topographic factor (Sec.6.5.7.2, pg 26 & 45)

B
1.00
90

Kzt =

Flat

Building height to eave

he =

35

ft

Building height to ridge


Building length
Building width
Effective area of components

hr
L
B
A

39
100
60
50

ft
ft
ft
ft2

I =
V =

=
=
=
=

Category II
mph

DESIGN SUMMARY
Max horizontal force normal to building length, L, face
Max horizontal force normal to building length, B, face
Max total horizontal torsional load
Max total upward force

=
=
=
=

39.00
22.20
422.21
60.00

kips
kips
ft-kips
kips

ANALYSIS
Velocity pressure
2

qh = 0.00256 Kh Kzt Kd V I
where:

13.08 psf

qh = velocity pressure at mean roof height, h. (Eq. 6-15, page 27)


Kh = velocity pressure exposure coefficient evaluated at height, h, (Tab. 6-3, Case 1,pg 79)

Kd = wind directionality factor. (Tab. 6-4, for building, page 80)


h = mean roof height

=
=

0.74
0.85
37.00 ft
< 60 ft, [Satisfactory]

Design pressures for MWFRS

p = qh [(G Cpf )-(G Cpi )]


where:

p = pressure in appropriate zone. (Eq. 6-18, page 28).


G Cp f = product of gust effect factor and external pressure coefficient, see table below. (Fig. 6-10, page 53 & 54)
G Cp i = product of gust effect factor and internal pressure coefficient.(Fig. 6-5, Enclosed Building, page 47)
=
0.18
or
-0.18
a = width of edge strips, Fig 6-10, note 9, page 54, MAX[ MIN(0.1B, 0.4h), 0.04B,3] =
6.00

Net Pressures (psf), Basic Load Cases


Roof angle q =
7.59
Surface

1
2
3
4
1E
2E
3E
4E
5
6

G Cp f

0.42
-0.69
-0.39
-0.31
0.64
-1.07
-0.56
-0.47
-0.45
-0.45

Net Pressure with

(+GCp i )
3.17
-11.38
-7.44
-6.46
6.05
-16.35
-9.65
-8.45
-8.24
-8.24

(-GCp i )
7.88
-6.67
-2.73
-1.76
10.76
-11.64
-4.94
-3.74
-3.53
-3.53

Roof angle q = 0.00


G Cp f

0.40
-0.69
-0.37
-0.29
0.61
-1.07
-0.53
-0.43
-0.45
-0.45

Net Pressure with

(+GCp i )
2.88
-11.38
-7.19
-6.15
5.62
-16.35
-9.29
-7.98
-8.24
-8.24

(-GCp i )
7.59
-6.67
-2.48
-1.44
10.33
-11.64
-4.58
-3.27
-3.53
-3.53

ft

Net Pressures (psf), Torsional Load Cases


Roof angle q = 7.59
Surface

1T
2T
3T
4T
Surface

1T
2T
3T
4T

G Cp f

Net Pressure with

(+GCp i ) (-GCp i )
0.42
0.79
1.97
-0.69
-2.84
-1.67
-0.39
-1.86
-0.68
-0.31
-1.62
-0.44
Roof angle q = 0.00
G Cp f

0.40
-0.69
-0.37
-0.29

Net Pressure with

(+GCp i ) (-GCp i )
0.72
1.90
-2.84
-1.67
-1.80
-0.62
-1.54
-0.36

Basic Load Cases in Transverse Direction


Surface

1
2
3
4
1E
2E
3E
4E
S
10 psf min.
Sec. 6.1.4.1

Area
(ft2)

3080
2663
2663
3080
420
363
363
420
Horiz.
Vert.
Horiz.
Vert.

Basic Load Cases in Longitudinal Direction

Pressure (k) with

(+GCp i )
9.77
-30.30
-19.82
-19.91
2.54
-5.94
-3.50
-3.55
34.06
-59.04
39.00
-60.00

Surface

(-GCp i )
24.27
-17.76
-7.28
-5.41
4.52
-4.23
-1.79
-1.57
34.06
-30.79
39.00
-60.00

1
2
3
4
1E
2E
3E
4E
S
10 psf min.
Sec. 6.1.4.1

Torsional Load Cases in Transverse Direction


Surface

Area

Pressure (k) with

Area

Pressure (k) with

(ft2)

1790
2421
2421
1790
430
605
605
430
Horiz.
Vert.
Horiz.
Vert.

(+GCp i )
5.15
-27.55
-17.42
-11.01
2.42
-9.90
-5.62
-3.43
22.00
-59.95
22.20
-60.00

(-GCp i )
13.58
-16.15
-6.02
-2.58
4.44
-7.05
-2.77
-1.40
22.00
-31.70
22.20
-60.00

Torsional Load Cases in Longitudinal Direction

Torsion (ft-k)

Area

Surface

(ft2)

(+GCp i ) (-GCp i ) (+GCp i ) (-GCp i )


1
1330
4.22
10.48
93
231
2
1150
-13.09
-7.67
-38
-22
3
1150
-8.56
-3.14
25
9
4
1330
-8.60
-2.33
189
51
1E
420
2.54
4.52
112
199
2E
363
-5.94
-4.23
-35
-25
3E
363
-3.50
-1.79
20
10
4E
420
-3.55
-1.57
156
69
1T
1750
1.39
3.45
-35
-86
2T
1513
-4.30
-2.52
14
8
3T
1513
-2.82
-1.03
-9
-3
4T
1750
-2.83
-0.77
-71
-19
Total Horiz. Torsional Load, MT
422
422

Pressure (k) with

Torsion (ft-k)

(ft2)

(+GCp i ) (-GCp i ) (+GCp i ) (-GCp i )


1
680
1.96
5.16
17
46
2
1816
-20.66
-12.11
68
40
3
1816
-13.06
-4.51
-43
-15
4
680
-4.18
-0.98
37
9
1E
430
2.42
4.44
58
106
2E
605
-9.90
-7.05
33
23
3E
605
-5.62
-2.77
-19
-9
4E
430
-3.43
-1.40
82
34
1T
1110
0.80
2.10
-12
-31
2T
2421
-6.89
-4.04
-46
-27
3T
2421
-4.35
-1.50
29
10
4T
1110
-1.71
-0.40
-25
-6
Total Horiz. Torsional Load, MT
180.3
180.3

Design pressures for components and cladding

p = qh[ (G Cp) - (G Cpi)]


where:

p = pressure on component. (Eq. 6-22, pg 28)


pmin = 10 psf (Sec. 6.1.4.2, pg 21)
G Cp = external pressure coefficient.
see table below. (Fig. 6-11, page 55~58)

Effective
Area (ft2)
Comp.

50

Comp. & Cladding


Pressure
( psf )

Zone 1
GCP
- GCP

0.36

-0.83

Zone 1

GCP

Zone 2
- GCP

GCP

Zone 3
- GCP

0.36

-1.61

0.36

-1.61

Zone 2

Zone 4
GCP
- GCP

Zone 5
GCP
- GCP

0.79
-0.88
0.79
-1.04
(Walls reduced 10 %, Fig. 6-11A note 5.)

Zone 3

Zone 4

Zone 5

Positive

Negative

Positive

Negative

Positive

Negative

Positive

Negative

Positive

Negative

10.00

-13.21

10.00

-23.42

10.00

-23.42

12.67

-13.85

12.67

-15.93

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Wind Analysis for Building with h > 60 ft, Based on ASCE 7-05 / IBC 2006
INPUT DATA
Exposure category (B, C or D)
Importance factor (0.87, 1.0 or 1.15)
Basic wind speed (IBC Tab 1609.3.1V3S)
Topographic factor (Sec.6.5.7.2)

I =
V =

B
1.00
90

Category II, page 77


mph

Building height to roof


Parapet height
Building length
Building width
Effective area of mullion

Kzt
H
HP
L
B
AM

=
=
=
=
=
=

1
157
4
300
180
55

Flat, page 26 & 45


ft
ft
ft
ft
2
ft

Effective area of panel

AP =

27

ft

DESIGN SUMMARY
Max building horizontal force normal to building length, L, face
Max overturning moment at wind normal to building length, L, face
Max building horizontal force normal to building length, B, face
Max overturning moment at wind normal to building length, B, face
Max building upward force
Max building torsion force

=
=
=
=
=
=

937.0
144325.5
496.7
73710.4
1080.8
31623.1

kips
ft - kips
kips
ft - kips
kips
ft - kips

ANALYSIS
Velocity pressures

qz = 0.00256 Kz Kzt Kd V2 I
where:

qz = velocity pressure at height, z. (Eq. 6-15, page 27)


Kz = velocity pressure exposure coefficient evaluated at height, z. (Tab. 6-3, Case 2, page 79)
Kd = wind directionality factor. (Tab. 6-4, for building, page 80)
z = height above ground

0.85

z (ft)
Kz

0 - 15

20

25

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

120

0.57

0.62

0.66

0.70

0.76

0.81

0.85

0.89

0.93

0.96

0.99

1.04

qz (psf)

10.05

10.93

11.63

12.34

13.40

14.28

14.98

15.69

16.39

16.92

17.45

18.33

z (ft)
Kz

140

160

161

161

161

161

161

161

161

161

1.09

1.13

1.13

1.13

1.13

1.13

1.13

1.13

1.13

1.13

qz (psf)

19.21

19.92

19.95

19.95

19.95

19.95

19.95

19.95

19.95

19.95

0.18

or

Design pressures for MWFRS

p = q G Cp - qh (G Cpi)
where:

p = pressure on surface for rigid building with all h. (Eq. 6-17, page 28).
q = qz for windward wall at height z above the ground, see table above.
G Cp i = internal pressure coefficient. (Fig. 6-5, Enclosed Building, page 47)

qh = qz value at mean roof height, h, for leeward wall, side walls, and roof.
G = gust effect factor for rigid (Sec. 6.5.8.1, Page 26) =
Cp = external pressure coefficient, see right down tables.

Fig. 6-6 fo q < 10o, page 48

0.85
Roof
To L Face
To L Face
To L Face
To L Face

Roof
To B Face
To B Face
To B Face
To B Face

h/B

Distance

Cp

0.89
0.89
0.89
0.89
h/L
0.54
0.54
0.54
0.54

80.5
161
180
180
Distance
80.5
161
300
300

-1.01
-0.74
-0.66
Cp
-0.91
-0.89
-0.51

Fig. 6-6, page 48


Wall
Windward Wall

q G Cp Figure for Gable, Hip Roof, page 48

Direction
All

L/B
All

Cp
0.80

Leeward Wall

To L Dir

0.60

-0.50

Leeward Wall
Side Wall

To B Dir
All

1.67
All

-0.37
-0.70

-0.18

(cont'd)
Hence, MWFRS Net Pressures are given by following tables (Sec. 6.5.12.2.1, Page 28)

Windward Wall

Surface

z (ft)

P (psf) with
GCPi
- GCPi

0 - 15
20
25
30
40

3.24
3.84
4.32
4.80
5.52

50
60
70
80
90
100
120
140
160
161

Surface

z (ft)

10.42
11.02
11.50
11.98
12.70

Side Wall

All

Surface

z (ft)

6.12
6.60
7.08
7.56
7.91

13.30
13.78
14.26
14.74
15.10

Leeward

All

8.27
8.87
9.47
9.95
9.98

15.46
16.06
16.66
17.13
17.16

Normal to L Face

Normal to L Face

Surface

Roof

Dist. (ft)

0 - 80.5
161
180

P (psf) with
GCPi
- GCPi
-15.46

-8.28

P (psf) with
GCPi
- GCPi
-12.07

-4.89

P (psf) with
GCPi
- GCPi
-20.73
-16.18
-14.75

-13.55
-9.00
-7.56

Normal to B Face

Surface

z (ft)

Leeward

All

Normal to B Face

Surface

Roof

Dist. (ft)

0 - 80.5
161
300

P (psf) with
GCPi
- GCPi
-9.81

-2.63

P (psf) with
GCPi
- GCPi
-19.03
-18.61
-12.32

-11.85
-11.42
-5.14

Figure 6-9, page 54


Base Forces

Normal to L Face
Case 1
Case 2

Normal to B Face
Case 1
Case 2

Wind with Angle


Case 3
Case 4

ASCE-7

VBase

(kips)

937

703

497

372

1075

597

MBase

(ft - kips)

144326

108244

73710

55283

163527

91239

Fig. 6-9

MT

(ft - kips)

31623

10057

31288

Page 52

FUpward (kips)

781

586

660

495

1081

576

(kips)

483

483

290

290

580

563

Sec. 6.1.4.1

FUp,min (kips)

540

540

540

540

540

540

( 10 psf )

Vmin

Design pressures for components and cladding

p = q (G Cp) - qi (G Cpi)
where:

p = pressure on component for building with h > 60 ft. (Eq. 6-23, page 29).
pmin = 10 psf (Sec. 6.1.4.2, page 21).
q = qz for windward wall at height z above the ground, see table above.
qh = qz value at mean roof height, h, for leeward wall, side walls, and roof.
G Cp i = internal pressure coefficient. (Fig. 6-5) =
0.18
or
-0.18
a = Zone width = MAX[ MIN(0.1B, 0.1L), 3] =
18.0 ft, (Fig 6-17 note 8, pg 65)
G Cp = external pressure coefficient. (Fig. 6-17, page 65)
Wall
Comp.

Actual Effective
Area ( ft2 )

Mullion
Panel

z (ft)

0 - 15
20
25
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
120
140
160
161

55
27

Zone 4
GCP
- GCP

GCP

- GCP

0.81
0.87

0.81
0.87

-1.55
-1.73

-0.84
-0.88

Zone 5

Mullion Pressure (psf)


Zone 4
Zone 5

Panel Pressure (psf)


Zone 4
Zone 5

Positive

Negative

Positive

Negative

Positive

Negative

Positive

Negative

10.00
10.77
11.47
12.16
13.20
14.07
14.77
15.46
16.16
16.68
17.20
18.07
18.94
19.63
19.67

-20.29
-20.29
-20.29
-20.29
-20.29
-20.29
-20.29
-20.29
-20.29
-20.29
-20.29
-20.29
-20.29
-20.29
-20.29

10.00
11.50
12.24
12.98
14.09
15.02
15.76
16.50
17.24
17.80
18.36
19.28
20.21
20.95
20.99

-34.49
-34.49
-34.49
-34.49
-34.49
-34.49
-34.49
-34.49
-34.49
-34.49
-34.49
-34.49
-34.49
-34.49
-34.49

10.57
11.50
12.24
12.98
14.09
15.02
15.76
16.50
17.24
17.80
18.36
19.28
20.21
20.95
20.99

-21.18
-21.18
-21.18
-21.18
-21.18
-21.18
-21.18
-21.18
-21.18
-21.18
-21.18
-21.18
-21.18
-21.18
-21.18

10.57
11.50
12.24
12.98
14.09
15.02
15.76
16.50
17.24
17.80
18.36
19.28
20.21
20.95
20.99

-38.02
-38.02
-38.02
-38.02
-38.02
-38.02
-38.02
-38.02
-38.02
-38.02
-38.02
-38.02
-38.02
-38.02
-38.02

cont'd

Components and Cladding

Roof

Components and Cladding

Roof

Effective
Area ( ft2 )

Zone 1

Zone 2

Zone 3

- GCP

- GCP

- GCP

-1.40

-2.30

-3.20

10

-1.40

-2.30

-3.20

59

-1.17

-1.98

-2.79

108

-1.10

-1.87

-2.65

157

-1.05

-1.81

-2.57

206

-1.01

-1.76

-2.50

255

-0.99

-1.72

-2.45

304

-0.96

-1.69

-2.41

353

-0.94

-1.66

-2.38

402

-0.93

-1.64

-2.35

451

-0.91

-1.62

-2.32

500

-0.90

-1.60

-2.30

38016

-0.90

-1.60

-2.30

38016

4104

972

Effective
Area ( ft2 )

Net Pressure (psf)


Zone 1

Zone 2

Zone 3

-31.52

-49.48

-67.44

10

-31.52

-49.48

-67.44

59

-27.00

-43.14

-59.29

108

-25.46

-40.99

-56.52

157

-24.50

-39.65

-54.80

206

-23.81

-38.68

-53.55

255

-23.27

-37.92

-52.57

304

-22.82

-37.29

-51.77

353

-22.44

-36.76

-51.08

402

-22.10

-36.29

-50.48

451

-21.81

-35.88

-49.95

500

-21.55

-35.51

-49.48

38016

-21.55

-35.51

-49.48