I.

Perbandingan
2

cos α + sin α = 1
1 + tg2 α = sec2 α
ctg2 α + 1 = cosec2 α
tg α =

sin α
cos α

cotg α =

II. Sudut Berelasi

cos2 α = 1 – sin2 α
sin2 α = 1– cos2 α
tg2 α = sec2 α – 1

2

(90º - α)
(90º - α)
(90º - α)
(90º - α)
(90º - α)
(90º - α)
(180° - α)
(180° - α)
(180° - α)
(180° - α)
(180° - α)
(180° - α)

= cos α
= sin α
= cotg α
= sec α
= cosec α
= tg α
= sin α
= – cos α
= – tg α
= cosec α
= – sec α
= – cotg α

sin
cos
tg
cosec
sec
cotg
sin
cos
tg
cosec
sec
cotg

(90° + α)
(90° + α)
(90° + α)
(90° + α)
(90° + α)
(90° + α)
(180° + α)
(180° + α)
(180° + α)
(180° + α)
(180° + α)
(180° + α)

= cos α
= – sin α
= – cotg α
= secan α
= – cosec α
= – tg α
= – sin α
= – cos α
= tg α
= – cosec α
= – sec α
= cotg α

sin
cos
tg
cosec
sec
cotg

(270° - α)
(270° - α)
(270° - α)
(270° - α)
(270° - α)
(270° - α)

= – cos α
= – sin α
= cotg α
= – sec α
= – cosec α
= tg α

sin
cos
tg
cosec
sec
cotg

(270° + α)
(270° + α)
(270° + α)
(270° + α)
(270° + α)
(270° + α)

= – cos α
= sin α
= – cotg α
= – sec α
= cosec α
= – tg α

sin
cos
tg
cosec
sec
cotg

(360° - α)
(360° - α)
(360° - α)
(360° - α)
(360° - α)
(360° - α)

= sin (– α)
= cos (– α)
= tg (– α)
= cosec (– α)
= sec (– α)
= cotg (– α)

ctg2 α = cosec2 α – 1

sin
cos
tg
cosec
sec
cotg
sin
cos
tg
cosec
sec
cotg

sec α =

cos α
sin α

1
cos α

cotg α =

cosec α =

1
tg α

1
sin α

III. Aturan Cosinus
Setiap ∆ ABC berlaku :
b2 + c2 – a2
2bc
2
a + c2 – b2
b2 = a2 + c2 – 2ac cos B ↔ cos B =
2ac
2
a + b2 – c2
c2 = a2 + b2 – 2ab cos C ↔ cos C =
2ab
a2 = b2 + c2 – 2bc cos A ↔ cos A =

r

C

sec α =

y

α

R = Jari-jari

a

b

lingkaran luar
segitiga ABC

cotg α =

c

A

x
sin α =

tg =

cos α =

cosec α =

B

=

=

= 2R

= – sin α
= cos α
= – tg α
= – cosec α
= sec α
= – cotg α

X-7
SMAN 7
KEDIRI

VII. Persamaan
a). sin x = sin α

x = α + k . 360°
x = (180°- α) + k . 360°

b). sin x = - sin α

x = - α + k . 360°
x = (180°+ α) + k . 360°

c). cos x = cos α
d). cos x = - cos α
e). tg x = tg α
f). tg x = - tg α

x = ± α + k . 360°
x = (180° ± α) + k . 360°
x = α + k . 180°
x = - α + k . 180°

IV. Jumlah dan Pengurangan Sudut

V. Jumlah / Silisih

sin (α + β)
sin (α - β)
cos (α + β)
cos (α - β)

sin α + sin β = 2 sin (α + β) cos (α – β)

= sin α cos β + cos α sin β
= sin α cos β – cos α sin β
= cos α cos β – sin α sin β
= cos α cos β + sin α sin β

tg (α + β) =

sin α – sin β = 2 cos (α + β) sin (α – β)
cos α + cos β = 2 cos
cos α – cos β = - 2 sin

tg (α – β) =

sin 2α = 2sin α cos α
tg 2α =

cos 2α = cos2 α – sin2 α
cos 2α = 2cos2 α – 1 → cos2 α = (1 + cos 2α)

cos α cos β = [cos (α + β)] + cos (α – β)
sin α sin β = [cos (α – β)] – cos (α + β)

VIII. Aturan Luas ∆ ABC
ab sin C = bc sin A = ac sin B
; s = (a + b + c)

= 2R2 sinA sinB sinC

α

0
0
0
1
0

sin α
cos α
tg α
sin 3a
cos 3a

30°

45°

( π) ( π)

1
3

= 3 sin a – 4 sin a
= 4 cos3 a – 3 cos a

tg 3a =

a cos a
a – sin2 a
2
= 2cos a - 1

sin a = 2sin
cos a = cos2

60°

90°

( π) ( π)
1
0
TD

120°

IX. Merubah Bentuk a cos x° + b sin x°
a cos x° + b sin x° = k . cos (x – α)° a > 0 & b > 0 α di kuadran I
a < 0 & b > 0 α di kuadran II
a < 0 & b < 0 α di kuadran III
with k =
and tg α =
a > 0 & b < 0 α di kuadran IV
135° 150° 180° 210° 225° 240° 270° 300° 315° 330° 360°

( π) ( π) ( π)

-1

tg a + tg b =
tg a + tg b =

tg a – tg b =
tg a – tg b =

(α – β)

cos α sin β = [sin (α + β)] – sin (α – β)

cos 2α = 1 – 2sin2 α → sin2 α = (1 - cos 2α)

=

(α + β) sin

(α – β)

2sin α cos β = sin (α + β) + sin (α – β)
2cos α sin β = sin (α + β) – sin (α – β)
2cos α cos β = cos (α + β) + cos (α – β)
2sin α sin β = cos (α – β) – cos (α + β)
sin α cos β = [sin (α + β)] + sin (α – β)

IV. Sudut Rangkap

Luas ∆ ABC =

(α + β) cos

(π)
0
-1
0

( π) ( π)

1

( π) ( π)
-1
0
TD

sin a = 2 sin a cos a
cos a = cos2 a – sin2 a
= 2cos2 a – 1
= 1 – 2 sin2 a
tg a =

( π) ( π)

-1

(

π)

(2π)
0
1
0

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