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Objektif

Membantu murid menguasai dan menghafal fakta dan konsep sains dengan lebih mudah. Membantu murid menyusun nota dan mengenal pasti kunci perkaitan antara idea yang tercirir. Membantu murid memahami konsep dengan lebih cepat. Membantu murid menangkap maklumat lebih cepat. Membantu murid mendapat persepsi deria yang berlainan dan imaginasi teks.

Peta Konsep/Minda
PGSR SCE3111

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Hakcipta Terpelihara Donatus Justin 2013

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Hakcipta Terpelihara Donatus Justin 2013

Panduan
Sumbang saran idea utama daripada hasil pembelajaran dengan melihat koswer atau bahan bacaan yang berkaitan. Guru mencatat semua idea murid dan membincangkan idea yang berkaitan dengan tajuk. Guru memperkenalkan sub-tajuk utama. Murid mencatat nota dan merekodkan dapatan mereka. Murid memperkembangkan dan membentangkan peta konsep/minda mereka. Murid menyemak dengan membandingkan peta konsep/minda guru melalui tayangan slaid.
*Boleh diaplikasikan dalam mana-mana fasa pengajaran.

MIND MAP
YEAR 5

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Hakcipta Terpelihara Donatus Justin 2013

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Hakcipta Terpelihara Donatus Justin 2013

1.1 Understanding that microorganism is a living thing Microorganism

Investigating Living Things

Bacteria

Fungi

Protozoa

Virus

Characteristics

Breathe

Move

Grow

Cannot see with naked eyes

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Hakcipta Terpelihara Donatus Justin 2013

1.2 Understanding that some microorganism are harmful and some are useful Microorganisms
How animals take care of their eggs and young. Examples animals that take care of their eggs and young.
Bird - eggs with shell covering Frog - slimy eggs and having bad smell Fish - keep their young in their mouths Snake, Tiger - attack in order to protect their eggs or young Turtle - hide their eggs Kangaroo - carry their young in their pouches Elephant - stay in herds

Useful
Making bread/ tapai/tempe/fertiliser
Disease / Illness Food poisoning

Harmful
Can cause

Bird, Frog, Fish, Snake, Turtle, Kangaroo, Elephant

Food to turns bad

2.1 Survival of The Animals


Tooth decay

Non Contagious

Contagious

Prevention Wash hand Drink boiled water Cover mouth & nose when coughing & sneezing 7

Why animals take care of their eggs and young.


To ensure the survival of their species

Stomach upset

Measles Chicken pox Conjunctivitis Mumps

2.3 Importance

Shortage of food resource

The animals and other species may face extinction

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AIDS Dengue

Quarantine patients Hakcipta Terpelihara Donatus Justin 2013 Cover wounds

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2.2 Survival of Plant Species

3.1 Food Chain


Special characteristic
Light

Examples

Coconut Pong pong Animals and the food they eat Producer Classify animals into herbivore, carnivore and omnivore. Construct food chain Consumer

Water

Have air space

Light Small in size Angsana Lalang


Tiger eats meat Bird eats fruits / insect Green plants produced their own food Herbivore : Animals that eat plants only. e.g.: cow, goat, deer The food relationship among living things can be shown by a food chain. Animals that eat plant or other animals are called consumers.

Wind

Have wing-like structure Have fine hairs

Agents of dispersal Explosive mechanism

Rubber fruit Dry when ripe Explodes when mature Balsam fruit Chestnut Ocra Fleshy Rambutan Mango Love grass Mimosa Watermelon

Panda eats bamboo shoots

Carnivore: Animals that eat other animals. e.g.: tiger, lion A food chain starts with a plant as producer.

Animal

Brightly coloured Edible Have smells

Omnivore: Animals that eat plants and other animals e.g. bird, rat

In a food chain the arrow means eaten by

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Hakcipta Terpelihara Donatus Have hooks Justin 2013

3.2 Synthesizing food chain to construct food web.


What will happen to a certain species of animals if they eat only one type of food

Food web

Food web of different habitats

What will happen If there is a change in population of a certain species in a food web

Food web is a combination of several food chains

A change in the population of a certain species will effect the population of other species
E.g. in a garden

They will face difficulty to survive if the source of food runs out

Investigating Force And Energy


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E.g. : - Panda eats bamboo shoots only. - Koala bear eats eucalyptus leaves only. - Pangolin eats ants only

E.g. in a Paddy field

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Examples of situations : Jumping, holding things, Pulling things

ENERGY

- by living things to carry out life processes. Ex : moving, breathing, growing -to move, boil, melt, - to bounce nonliving things

Lighting torch light Lighting candle E.g. Heat energy Light energy E.g. Kinetic energy E.g. Moving toy car

When and where energy is needed

Why energy is needed? 1.1 The Uses of Energy Sun

Sound energy E.g. Ringing telephone Electrical energy

FORM OF ENERGY

Potential energy E.g.

Water
- moving or falling water produce energy

The Sources of Energy

- main source of energy - produces light and heat

Stretched rubber band Chemical energy Solar energy E.g. E.g.

Food Batteries Fuel Wind -Food stored chemical energy


Switching on the lights

E.g.

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- device that - Moving air - wood, coal, produced - Used to pump petroleum, electrical energy water, drive natural gas from chemical energy Hakcipta Terpelihara Donatus Justinsmall 2013 wind mills

Solar powered calculator


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Candle

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ENERGY
1.2 Energy can be transformed from one form to another

Resources natural gas, Petroleum, Coal.

Energy that cannot be replenished

ENERGY

Energy that can be replenished when it is used up

Resources solar, wind, biomass, water

Why renewable energy is better then non-renewable energy

Non-renewable energy Energy can be transformed 1.3 Renewable and Non-renewable Energy

Renewable energy

Example of appliance that make use of energy transform Why use energy wisely

How to save energy


Avoid wastage

a) a burning candle Chemical energy heat energy + light energy b) solar powered signal light Solar energy electrical
energy light energy

a) Electric iron Electrical energy heat energy b) Electric Radio Electrical energy sound energy c) Television Electrical energy sound energy + light energy

Some energy resources cannot be replenished when used up To save cost


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Reduce pollution

Turn off the television when no one watching it

Switch off the lights before going to leave the room

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Electricity
Precautions
Sources

Dry cell Dynamo Solar cell

Light
Travel in a straight line Can be reflected How ?
The light that falls on objects bounces off the objects and comes to your eyes Factor that cause the shape of a shadow change

Danger of mishandling electrical appliances


Type of circuit Fire Burn Parallel circuit Series circuit

Accumulator

Uses of reflection
Symbol and component Periscope Kaleidoscope
Factor that cause the size of a shadow change Distance of the object from the light source

Shadow

Electric shock Electrocution

Name Dry cell

Symbol

How shadow is formed

mirror

Safety precautions to be taken when using appliances


Do not touch electrical appliances with wet hand Do not repair electrical appliances on your own
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Connecting wire Differences of brightness of bulbs The bulb in the parallel circuit is brighter then the bulb in the series circuit Hakcipta Terpelihara Donatus Justin 2013 Switch Bulb

Side mirror of a car


Opaque object

Light
Shadow form
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When light is completely or partially blocked by an opaque and a translucent object Hakcipta Terpelihara Donatus Justin 2013

Position of the object

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Heat

Gain Loss

Warmer Cooler

The effects of heat on matter

How to measure temperature using the correct technique

Investigating Materials
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Matter expands when heated

Matter contracts when cooled

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wood

water

milk

air

solid Solid
stone

liquid

melting

Liquid

Gas
steam

boiling

examples

1.1 Matter exist in the form of solid, liquid or gas


Properties of solid Properties of liquid Properties of gas
has mass has fixed volume
no fixed shape no fixed volume

1.2 CHANGING STATES OF MATTER

liquid gas

evaporation
Rate of evaporation *Affected by windy and hot weather *Takes place at the surface of the liquid at room temperature *Happen at any temperature

gas

liquid condensation

has mass

has fixed shape has mass

has fixed volume


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liquid solid
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freezing
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Hakcipta Terpelihara Donatus (Takes the shape of the container) Justin 2013

no fixed shape

can be 21 compressed

1.3 Understanding the water cycle.


evaporation sea

To prevent living aquatic from being destroyed and undergoing extinction condensation
rain

To avoid infected diseases

Importance of water.

Formation of clouds and rain.

Circulation of water in the environment. Changes in the states of matter in the water cycle Gas liquid (Condensation) Liquid gas (evaporation)
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To regulate the formation of clouds and rain

Reasons to keep our water resources clean.

To ensure the cleanliness of water supply

1.4 Appreciating the importance of water resources.

Droplets of water will become bigger and heavier rain 23

Ways to keep our water resources clean Keep the rivers clean
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Cleanliness campaign
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2.1 The properties of acidic, alkaline and neutral substances.

Identify acidic, alkaline and neutral substances using litmus paper. Changes in colour of litmus papers blue to red acid no changes
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Identify the taste of acidic and alkaline food.

Conclude the properties of acidic, alkaline and neutral substances.

bitter

sour

red to blue alkaline Properties of alkali Properties of neutral substances

Properties of acid Taste sour & change blue litmus paper red

Investigating Earth And Universe


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Taste bitter & change red litmus paper blue

Hakcipta Terpelihara Donatus no changes Justin 2013

Other tastes in litmus paper

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planting

harvesting desert

Indicates Seasons

Importance of constellation
Show directions

THE EARTH , THE MOON AND THE SUN


sea

Earth rotates on it axis

Moon rotates on it axis Moon rotates and at the same time moves around the Earth

What constellation is

1.1 Understanding the constellation


A group of stars that form a certain pattern in the sky June - August Scorpion

2.1 The movements of the Earth, the Moon and the Sun
The earth rotates on its axis from west to east

Earth rotates and at the same time moves around the sun

Southern Cross
direction shape when

Identify constellation

Scorpion
South

Orion
April June

The Moon and The changes the Earth move in length and position round the Sun at of the shadow the same time throughout the day

South

Big dipper
Hunter

North

Kite or Cross Water ladle North December - January 21/06/2013 Hakcipta Terpelihara Donatus Justin 2013 28

night-time

2.3 Phases Of The Moon


The phases of the moon

daytime
the Sun the Earth

The Moon Does Not Emit Light

It is day time for the part of the Earth facing the Sun.

It is night time for the part of the Earth facing away from the Sun.

2.2 The occurrence of day and night axis Day and night occur due to the rotation of the Earth west 21/06/2013 on its axis. Hakcipta Terpelihara Donatus
Justin 2013

The Moon appears bright when it reflects sunlight

New moon Crescent Half moon Full moon east


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1.1 The shapes of objects in a structure

Investigating Technology
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The shapes of objects

Identify shapes in structure

Cylinder Sphere Cube Cuboid Cylinder

Sphere

Pyramid

Cone

Shapes of objects that are stable


Cube, cone, pyramid

USEFUL RELATED WEBSITES


http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/n ewISS_01.htm http://www.peterrussell.com/MindMaps/mi ndmap.php http://www.studygs.net/mapping/ http://www.edrawsoft.com/MindMap.php

The factors that affect stability of objects

1.2 The strength and stability of a structure

Height , base area

How base area affects stability


Bigger base area more stable Smaller base area less stable

How height affects stability


Design a model that is strong and stable Suggested design strong and stable Bridge one with manila card one with plywood
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Lower object more stable Higher object less stable

The factors that affect the strength of a structure


Types of materials used33 Steel ,Iron, Wood
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Hakcipta Terpelihara Donatus Justin 2013

Sample T&L Activities


TOPIC: Renewable Energy and Non-renewable Energy Learning Objectives: 1.3 Understanding renewable and non-renewable energy. Learning Outcomes: State what renewable energy is. State what non-renewable energy is. List renewable energy resources List non-renewable energy resources. Explain why we need to use energy wisely. Explain why renewable energy is better than nonrenewable energy. Give examples on how to save energy. Practice saving energy
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Activity : Using Mind Map:


1. Pupils view the CD teaching courseware / get information from text book/ article from related web sites. 2. Teacher discusses with pupils to list the main ideas about the topic based on what they viewed in the courseware. 3. Teacher lists all the pupils ideas on the board. 4. Pupils discuss in groups to construct a mind map from all the ideas listed or pupils discuss in groups to complete the blank mind map given by the teacher. 5. Pupils present their mind map in front of class using transparency or power point slide or mahjong paper. 6. Teacher displays power point slides about the topic and ask students to cross check the ideas in their mind map.

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Topic: Light
Learning Objectives: 3.1 Understanding that light travels in a straight line. 3.2 Understanding that light can be reflected.
Non-renewable energy Renewable energy

Renewable Energy and Non-Renewable Energy

Why use energy wisely

How to save energy

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Learning Outcomes: State that light travels in a straight line. Give examples to verify that light travels in a straight line. Describe how shadow is formed. Design a fair test to find out what factors cause the size of shadow to change by deciding what to keep the same, what to change, and what to observe. Design a fair test to find out what factors cause the shape of a shadow to change by deciding what to keep the same, what to change, and what to observe. State that the light can be reflected. Draw ray diagram to show reflection of light. 21/06/2013examples of uses Hakcipta Terpelihara Donatus Justin Give of reflection of2013 light in everyday life. 38

Suggested activity
1. Pupils view the CD teaching courseware / get information from text book/ article from related web sites. 2. Teacher discusses with pupils to list the main ideas about the topic based on what they viewed in the courseware. 3. Teacher lists all the pupils ideas on the board. 4. Pupils discuss in groups to construct a mind map from all the ideas listed or pupils discuss in groups to complete the blank mind map given by the teacher. 5. Pupils present their mind map in front of class using transparency or power point slide or mahjong paper. 6. Teacher displays power point slides about the topic and ask students to cross check the ideas in their mind map.
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Light
Can be reflected How ?

Uses of reflection

Shadow

How shadow is formed

Factors that cause the size of a shadow change

Factors that cause the shape of a shadow change

mirror

Opaque object

Light 21/06/2013
Shadow form

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Activity 2: Experiment 1
Topic: Factor that cause the size of shadow to change 1. Teacher asks pupils to place an opaque object in front of light source and state their observation. 2. Pupils give reason based on their observation. 3. Teacher asks pupils some questions to generate the ideas about the size of a shadow.
Q1: What will happen to the size of shadow when the opaque object move towards the light source? A : The size of the shadow increases / become bigger. Q2: What will happen to the size of the shadow when the opaque object move backwards? A : The size of the shadow decreases / become smaller 21/06/2013 Hakcipta Terpelihara Donatus Justin 2013
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4. Teacher explains the aim of the experiment that the pupils will carry out. Aim: To find out the factor cause the size of shadow to change 5. Teacher asks pupils to identify what to change, what to observe and what to remain the same in the experiment. 6. Pupils discuss in small groups to plan the experiment. 7. Pupils carry out the experiment by changing the distance between the opaque object and the light source and measure the height of the shadow. 8. Pupils record their findings in a table. 9. Based on their findings pupils answer the questions provided in the worksheets. 10. Pupils form a conclusion base on the result of the experiment.
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Activity 2: Experiment 2
Topic: Factor that cause the shape of shadow to change 1. Teacher asks pupils to place a cylinder in different position in front of a light source and state their observation. 2. Pupils give reason based on their observation. 3. Teacher asks pupils some questions to generate the ideas about the changing of shape of a shadow. Q1: What is the shape of the shadow when the cylinder is placed vertically? A: The shape of shadow is rectangular. Q2: What is the shape of the shadow when the cylinder is placed horizontally?
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4. Teacher explains the aim/purpose of the experiment that the pupils will carry out. Aim: To find out the factor cause the shape of shadow to change 5. Teacher asks pupils to identify what to change, what observe and what to keep the same in the experiment. 6. Pupils discuss in small groups to plan the experiment. 7. Pupils carry out the experiment by changing the position of the object ( wooden pyramid block, plastic cup etc) in font of the light source and draw the shape of the shadow formed. 8. Pupils draw their findings in a table. 9. Based on their findings pupils answer the questions provided in the worksheets. 10. Pupils form a conclusion of experiment.

A: The shape of the shadow is round. Hakcipta Terpelihara Donatus Justin 2013

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