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Chapter 30 Sources of the Magnetic Field

Multiple Choice
1. Onelongwirecarriesacurrentof30Aalongtheentirexaxis.Asecondlong wirecarriesacurrentof40Aperpendiculartothexyplaneandpassesthrough thepoint(0,4,0)m.Whatisthemagnitudeoftheresultingmagneticfieldatthe pointy=2.0montheyaxis? a. b. c. d. e. 2. 4.0T 5.0T 3.0T 7.0T 1.0T

Twolongparallelwireseachcarryacurrentof5.0Adirectedtotheeast.Thetwo wiresareseparatedby8.0cm.Whatisthemagnitudeofthemagneticfieldata pointthatis5.0cmfromeachofthewires? a. b. c. d. e. 72T 48T 24T 96T 32T

3.

A2.0cmlengthofwirecenteredontheorigincarriesa20Acurrentdirectedin thepositiveydirection.Determinethemagneticfieldatthepointx=5.0mon thexaxis. a. b. c. d. e. 1.6nTinthenegativezdirection 1.6nTinthepositivezdirection 2.4nTinthenegativezdirection 2.4nTinthenegativezdirection Noneoftheabove

2CHAPTER 30

4.

Threelongwiresparalleltothexaxiscarrycurrentsasshown.IfI=20A,whatis themagnitudeofthemagneticfieldattheorigin?

a. b. c. d. e. 5.

37T 28T 19T 47T 58T

Eachoftwolongstraightparallelwiresseparatedbyadistanceof16cmcarriesa currentof20Ainthesamedirection.Whatisthemagnitudeoftheresulting magneticfieldatapointthatis10cmfromeachwire? a. b. c. d. e. 57T 80T 64T 48T 40T

6.

Twolongstraightparallelwiresseparatedbyadistanceof20cmcarrycurrents of30Aand40Ainoppositedirections.Whatisthemagnitudeoftheresulting magneticfieldatapointthatis15cmfromthewirecarryingthe30Acurrent and25cmfromtheotherwire? a. b. c. d. e. 51T 33T 72T 64T 46T

7.

Twolongparallelwirescarryunequalcurrentsinthesamedirection.Theratioof thecurrentsis3to1.Themagnitudeofthemagneticfieldatapointintheplane ofthewiresand10cmfromeachwireis4.0T.Whatisthelargerofthetwo currents? a. b. c. d. e. 5.3A 3.8A 4.5A 3.0A 0.5A

Sources of the Magnetic Field3

8.

Twolongstraightwirescarrycurrentsperpendiculartothexyplane.Onecarries acurrentof50Aandpassesthroughthepointx=5.0cmonthexaxis.The secondwirehasacurrentof80Aandpassesthroughthepoint y=4.0cmonthe yaxis.Whatisthemagnitudeoftheresultingmagneticfieldattheorigin? a. b. c. d. e. 200T 600T 450T 300T 400T

9.

Twoverylongparallelwirescarrycurrentsinthepositivexdirection.Onewire (current=15A)iscoincidentwiththexaxis.Theotherwire(current=50A) passesthroughthepoint(0,4.0mm,0).Whatisthemagnitudeofthemagnetic fieldatthepoint(0,0,3.0mm)? a. b. c. d. e. 3.8mT 2.7mT 2.9mT 3.0mT 0.6mT

10.

Eachoftwoparallelwiresseparatedby8.0mmcarriesa20Acurrent.Thesetwo currentsareoppositelydirected.Determinethemagnitudeofthemagneticfield atapointthatis5.0mmfromeachofthewires. a. b. c. d. e. 2.0mT 1.6mT 1.3mT 1.8mT 1.0mT

11.

Eachoftwoparallelwiresseparatedby6.0mmcarriesa40Acurrent.Thesetwo currentsareinthesamedirection.Determinethemagnitudeofthemagnetic fieldatapointthatis5.0mmfromeachofthewires. a. b. c. d. e. 2.6mT zero 1.9mT 1.6mT 3.2mT

4CHAPTER 30

12.

Twolongparallelwiresseparatedby5.0mmeachcarryacurrentof60A.These twocurrentsareoppositelydirected.Whatisthemagnitudeofthemagneticfield atapointthatisbetweenthetwowiresand2.0mmfromoneofthetwowires? a. b. c. d. e. 2.0mT 10mT 8.0mT 1.6mT 7.2mT

13.

Twolongparallelwiresseparatedby4.0mmeachcarryacurrentof24A.These twocurrentsareinthesamedirection.Whatisthemagnitudeofthemagnetic fieldatapointthatisbetweenthetwowiresand1.0mmfromoneofthetwo wires? a. b. c. d. e. 4.8mT 6.4mT 3.2mT 9.6mT 5.3mT

14.

Alongstraightwirecarriesacurrentof40Ainaregionwhereauniform externalmagneticfieldhasa30Tmagnitudeandisparalleltothecurrent. Whatisthemagnitudeoftheresultantmagneticfieldatapointthatis20cm fromthewire? a. b. c. d. e. 70T 40T 10T 50T 36T

15.

Twolongparallelwirescarryunequalcurrentsinoppositedirections.Theratio ofthecurrentsis3to1.Themagnitudeofthemagneticfieldatapointinthe planeofthewiresand10cmfromeachwireis4.0T.Whatisthelargerofthe twocurrents? a. b. c. d. e. 0.5A 1.0A 1.5A 2.0A 3.0A

Sources of the Magnetic Field5

16.

Asegmentofwireoftotallength3.0mcarriesa15Acurrentandisformedinto asemicircle.Determinethemagnitudeofthemagneticfieldatthecenterofthe circlealongwhichthewireisplaced. a. b. c. d. e. 1.6T 4.9T 1.0T 9.8T 15T

17.

Asegmentofwireoftotallength2.0misformedintoacircularloophaving5.0 turns.Ifthewirecarriesa1.2Acurrent,determinethemagnitudeofthe magneticfieldatthecenteroftheloop. a. b. c. d. e. 79T 69T 59T 89T 9.4T

18.

Ifa=2.0cm,b=5.0cm,andI=20A,whatisthemagnitudeofthemagneticfield atthepointP?

a. b. c. d. e.

4.5T 7.5T 9.0T 6.0T 3.6T

6CHAPTER 30

19.

Ifa=1.0cm,b=3.0cm,andI=30A,whatisthemagnitudeofthemagneticfield atpointP?

a. b. c. d. e. 20.

0.62mT 0.59mT 0.35mT 0.31mT 0.10mT

Astraightwire(length=8.0m)isbenttoformasquare.Ifthewirecarriesa currentof20A,whatisthemagnitudeofthemagneticfieldatthecenterofthe square? a. b. c. d. e. 17T 14T 11T 20T 36T

21.

Inthefigure,ifa=2.0cm,b=4.0cm,andI=2.0A,whatisthemagnitudeofthe magneticfieldatpointP?

a. b. c. d. e.

49T 39T 50T 69T 13T

Sources of the Magnetic Field7

22.

Thesegmentofwire(totallength=6R)isformedintotheshapeshownand carriesacurrentI.Whatisthemagnitudeoftheresultingmagneticfieldatthe pointP?

a. b. c. d. e. 23.

0 I 8R 0 I 2R 0 I 4R 0 I 2R 0 I 8R

Thesegmentofwire(totallength=6R)isformedintotheshapeshownand carriesacurrentI.Whatisthemagnitudeoftheresultingmagneticfieldatthe pointP?

a. b. c. d. e.

3 0 I 8R 3 0 I 2R 3 0 I 4R 3 0 I 2R 3 0 I 8R

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24.

WhatisthemagnitudeofthemagneticfieldatpointPifa=Randb=2R?

a. b. c. d. e. 25.

9 0 I 16 R 3 0 I 16 R 0 I 4R 3 0 I 4R 3 0 I 8R

WhatisthemagnitudeofthemagneticfieldatpointPifa=Randb=2R?

a. b. c. d. e.

3 0 I 4R 0 I 4R 20 I 3R 0 I 3R 3 0 I 4R

Sources of the Magnetic Field9

26.

WhatisthemagnitudeofthemagneticfieldatpointPifa=Randb=2R?

a. b. c. d. e. 27.

0 I 6R 3 0 I 16 R 0 I 12R 0 I 16 R 0 I 32 R

WhatisthemagnitudeofthemagneticfieldatpointPinthefigureif a=2.0cm, b=4.5cm,andI=5.0A?

a. b. c. d. e. 28.

87T,intothepaper 87T,outofthepaper 0.23mT,outofthepaper 0.23mT,intothepaper 23T,intothepaper

Threelong,straight,parallelwireseachcarryacurrentof10Ainthepositive x direction.Ifthedistancebetweeneachwireandtheothertwois10cm,whatis themagnitudeofthemagneticforceona20cmlengthofeitherofthewires? a. b. c. d. e. 57N 40N 69N 50N 20N

10CHAPTER 30

29.

Twolongparallelwiresareseparatedby6.0mm.Thecurrentinoneofthewires istwicetheothercurrent.Ifthemagnitudeoftheforceona3.0mlengthofone ofthewiresisequalto8.0N,whatisthegreaterofthetwocurrents? a. b. c. d. e. 0.20A 0.40A 40mA 20mA 0.63A

30.

Twolongparallelwiresareseparatedby2.0cm.Thecurrentinoneofthewires isthreetimestheothercurrent.Ifthemagnitudeoftheforceona2.0mlengthof oneofthewiresisequalto60N,whatisthegreaterofthetwocurrents? a. b. c. d. e. 2.0A 1.0A 3.0A 9.0A 1.5A

31.

Threelong,straight,parallelwiresalllieintheyzplaneandeachcarriesa currentof20Ainthepositivezdirection.Thetwoouterwiresareeach4.0cm fromthecenterwire.Whatisthemagnitudeofthemagneticforceona50cm lengthofeitheroftheouterwires? a. b. c. d. e. 1.0mN 0.50mN 1.1mN 1.5mN 2.0mN

32.

Twolongparallelwiresareseparatedby4.0cm.Oneofthewirescarriesa currentof20Aandtheothercarriesa30Acurrent.Determinethemagnitudeof themagneticforceona2.0mlengthofthewirecarryingthegreatercurrent. a. b. c. d. e. 7.0mN 6.0mN 8.0mN 9.0mN 4.0mN

Sources of the Magnetic Field11

33.

Thefigureshowsacrosssectionofthreeparallelwireseachcarryingacurrentof 5.0Aoutofthepaper.IfthedistanceR=6.0mm,whatisthemagnitudeofthe magneticforceona2.0mlengthofanyoneofthewires?

a. b. c. d. e. 34.

2.5mN 3.3mN 2.2mN 2.9mN 1.7mN

Thefigureshowsacrosssectionofthreeparallelwireseachcarryingacurrentof 20A.ThecurrentsinwiresAandBareoutofthepaper,whilethatinwireCis intothepaper.IfthedistanceR=5.0mm,whatisthemagnitudeoftheforceona 2.0mlengthofwireA?

a. b. c. d. e.

23mN 64mN 32mN 46mN 55mN

12CHAPTER 30

35.

Thefigureshowsacrosssectionofthreeparallelwireseachcarryingacurrentof 15A.ThecurrentsinwiresAandCareoutofthepaper,whilethatinwireBis intothepaper.IfthedistanceR=5.0mm,whatisthemagnitudeoftheforceona 4.0mlengthofwireC?

a. b. c. d. e. 36.

90mN 54mN 30mN 18mN 36mN

Thefigureshowsacrosssectionofthreeparallelwireseachcarryingacurrentof 24A.ThecurrentsinwiresBandCareoutofthepaper,whilethatinwireAis intothepaper.IfthedistanceR=5.0mm,whatisthemagnitudeoftheforceona 4.0mlengthofwireA?

a. b. c. d. e. 37.

15mN 77mN 59mN 12mN 32mN

Alongcylindricalwire(radius=2.0cm)carriesacurrentof40Athatis uniformlydistributedoveracrosssectionofthewire.Whatisthemagnitudeof themagneticfieldatapointwhichis1.5cmfromtheaxisofthewire? a. b. c. d. e. 0.53mT 28mT 0.30mT 40mT 1.9mT

38.

Alongstraightwire(diameter=2.0mm)carriesacurrentof25A.Whatisthe magnitudeofthemagneticfield0.50mmfromtheaxisofthewire? a. b. c. d. e. 5.0mT 10mT 0.63mT 2.5mT 0.01mT

Sources of the Magnetic Field13

39.

Alongstraightwire(diameter=2.0mm)carriesacurrentof40A.Whatisthe magnitudeofthemagneticfield1.5mmfromtheaxisofthewire? a. b. c. d. e. 3.0mT 12mT 5.3mT 7.4mT 8.0mT

40.

Ahollowcylindrical(innerradius=1.0mm,outerradius=3.0mm)conductor carriesacurrentof80Aparalleltoitsaxis.Thiscurrentisuniformlydistributed overacrosssectionoftheconductor.Determinethemagnitudeofthemagnetic fieldatapointthatis2.0mmfromtheaxisoftheconductor. a. b. c. d. e. 8.0mT 3.0mT 5.3mT 16mT 1.2mT

41.

Ahollowcylindrical(innerradius=2.0mm,outerradius=4.0mm)conductor carriesacurrentof24Aparalleltoitsaxis.Thiscurrentisuniformlydistributed overacrosssectionoftheconductor.Determinethemagnitudeofthemagnetic fieldatapointthatis5.0mmfromtheaxisoftheconductor. a. b. c. d. e. 0.96mT 1.7mT 0.55mT 1.2mT 0.40mT

42.

Alongstraightwire(diameter=2.0mm)carriesacurrentof30A.Whatisthe magnitudeofthemagneticfield2.5mmfromtheaxisofthewire? a. b. c. d. e. 3.2mT 2.8mT 2.4mT 3.6mT 3.0mT

43.

Alonghollowcylindricalconductor(innerradius=2.0mm,outerradius= 4.0mm)carriesacurrentof24Adistributeduniformlyacrossitscrosssection.A longwirewhichiscoaxialwiththecylindercarriesanequalcurrentinthe oppositedirection.Whatisthemagnitudeofthemagneticfield3.0mmfromthe axis? a. b. 0.82mT 0.93mT

14CHAPTER 30

c. d. e. 44.

0.70mT 0.58mT 0.40mT

Alonghollowcylindricalconductor(innerradius=2.0mm,outerradius= 4.0mm)carriesacurrentof12Adistributeduniformlyacrossitscrosssection.A longwirewhichiscoaxialwiththecylindercarriesanequalcurrentinthesame direction.Whatisthemagnitudeofthemagneticfield3.0mmfromtheaxis? a. b. c. d. e. 1.1mT 1.4mT 1.7mT 2.0mT 0.2mT

45.

Along,straightwire(radius=2.0mm)carriesacurrentof2.0Adistributed uniformlyoveracrosssectionperpendiculartotheaxisofthewire.Whatisthe magnitudeofthemagneticfieldatadistanceof1.0mmfromtheaxisofthe wire? a. b. c. d. e. 0.40mT 0.80mT 0.10mT 0.20mT 0.75mT

46.

Alongwireisknowntohavearadiusgreaterthan4.0mmandtocarryacurrent uniformlydistributedoveritscrosssection.Ifthemagnitudeofthemagnetic fieldis0.285mTatapoint4.0mmfromtheaxisofthewireand0.200mTata point10mmfromtheaxis,whatistheradiusofthewire? a. b. c. d. e. 4.6mm 7.1mm 5.3mm 12mm 10mm

47.

Alongwirecarriesacurrentof3.0Aalongtheaxisofalongsolenoid(radius= 3.0cm,n=900turns/m,current=30mA).Whatisthemagnitudeofthe magneticfieldatapoint2.0cmfromtheaxisofthesolenoid?Neglectanyend effects. a. b. c. d. e. 34T 64T 30T 45T 4.0T

Sources of the Magnetic Field15

48.

Asolenoid4.0cminradiusand4.0minlengthhas8000uniformlyspacedturns andcarriesacurrentof5.0A.Consideraplanecircularsurface(radius=2.0cm) locatedatthecenterofthesolenoidwithitsaxiscoincidentwiththeaxisofthe 2 solenoid.Whatisthemagneticfluxthroughthissurface?(1Wb=1Tm ) a. b. c. d. e. 63Wb 16Wb 0.25mWb 10Wb 5.0Wb

49.

Alongsolenoid(diameter=5.0cm)iswoundwith960turnspermeterofthin wirethroughwhichacurrentof300mAismaintained.Awirecarrying12Ais insertedalongtheaxisofthesolenoid.Whatisthemagnitudeofthemagnetic fieldatapoint2.0cmfromtheaxis? a. b. c. d. e. 0.41mT 0.48mT 0.38mT 0.56mT 0.24mT

50.

Acurrentcarrying2.0cmlongsegmentofwireisinsidealongsolenoid (radius=4.0cm,n=800turns/m,current=50mA).Thewiresegmentis orientedperpendicularlytotheaxisofthesolenoid.Ifthecurrentinthewire segmentis12A,whatisthemagnitudeofthemagneticforceonthissegment? a. b. c. d. e. 22N 16N 18N 12N 0N

51.

Alongsolenoid(n=1200turns/m,radius=2.0cm)hasacurrentofa0.30Ain itswinding.Alongwirecarryingacurrentof20Aisparalleltoand1.0cmfrom theaxisofthesolenoid.Whatisthemagnitudeoftheresultingmagneticfieldat apointontheaxisofthesolenoid? a. b. c. d. e. 0.60mT 0.85mT 52T 0.40mT 0.75mT

16CHAPTER 30

52.

Alongsolenoid(1500turns/m)carriesacurrentof20mAandhasaninside diameterof4.0cm.Alongwirecarriesacurrentof2.0Aalongtheaxisofthe solenoid.Whatisthemagnitudeofthemagneticfieldatapointthatisinsidethe solenoidand1.0cmfromthewire? a. b. c. d. e. 78T 55T 48T 68T 2.0T

53.

Alongsolenoid(1000turns/m)carriesacurrentof25mAandhasaninside radiusof2.0cm.Alongwirewhichisparalleltoand4.0cmfromtheaxisofthe solenoidcarriesacurrentof6.0A.Whatisthemagnitudeofthemagneticfieldat apointontheaxisofthesolenoid? a. b. c. d. e. 51T 61T 43T 81T 1.4T

54.

Twolongparallelwireslieinthexzplane.Onewirepassesthroughthepoint (2m,0,0)andtheotherthroughthepoint(+2m,0,0).Thewirescarryequal currentsinthepositivezdirection. 1. 2. 3. 4. a. b. c. d. e. Themagneticfieldat(3m,0,0)isinthenegativeydirection. Themagneticfieldat(1m,0,0)isinthepositiveydirection. Themagneticfieldat(+1m,0,0)isinthepositiveydirection. Themagneticfieldat(+3m,0,0)isinthenegativeydirection. 1and2arecorrect. 1and4arecorrect. 2and3arecorrect. 3and4arecorrect. Noneoftheabovearecorrect.

55.

Asinglecircular(radius=R)loopofwireislocatedintheyzplanewithitscenter attheorigin.Theloophasaclockwisecurrentasseenfromthepoint(+ R,0,0). Thedirectionofthemagneticfieldatthepoint a. b. c. d. e. (0,0,0)isiandatthepoint(+R,0,0)isi. (0,0,0)isiandatthepoint(0,+2R,0)isi. (0,0,0)is+iandatthepoint(+R,0,0)is+i. (0,0,0)is+iandatthepoint(0,+2R,0)is+i. Noneoftheabove

Sources of the Magnetic Field17

56.

Aconductinghollowcylinder(innerradius=a,outerradius=b)carriesa currentof40Athatisuniformlydistributedoverthecrosssectionofthe conductor.Ifa=3.0mmandb=6.0mm,whatisthemagnitudeofthe(line) B dsaroundacircularpath(radius=5.0mm)centeredontheaxis integral ofthecylinderandinaplaneperpendiculartothataxis? a. b. c. d. e. 50Tm 30Tm 22Tm 37Tm 47Tm

57.

Aconductingrodwithasquarecrosssection(3.0cm3.0cm)carriesacurrent of60Athatisuniformlydistributedacrossthecrosssection.Whatisthe B dsaroundasquarepath(1.5cm1.5cm) magnitudeofthe(line)integral ifthepathiscenteredonthecenteroftherodandliesinaplaneperpendicularto theaxisoftherod? a. b. c. d. e. 14Tm 75Tm 19Tm 57Tm 38Tm

58.

Acurrentelement(length=1.0cm)liesalongthexaxiswithitscenteratx=0 andcarriesa20Acurrentinthepositivexdirection.Consideronlythefieldof thiscurrentelementanddecidewhichcombinationofthefollowingstatementsis correct. 1. 2. 3. 4. a. b. c. d. e. Thefieldat(0,0,1.0m)isinthepositivezdirection. Thefieldat(0,1.0m,0)isinthenegativeydirection. Thefieldat(1.0m,0,0)iszero. Thefieldat(0,0,1.0m)isinthenegativeydirection. 3and4 1and3 2and4 1and2 Noneofthese

18CHAPTER 30

59.

Whichdiagramcorrectlyshowsthemagneticfieldlinescreatedbyacircular currentloopinwhichcurrentflowsinthedirectionshown?

60.

GausssLawstatesthatthenetelectricflux,

E dA,throughanyclosed E dA=

surfaceisproportionaltothechargeenclosed: formulaformagneticfieldsis: a. b. c. d. e. 61.


B dA=0.

.Theanalogous

B dA= 0
B dA=

qmag
I .

B dA= 0 0
B dA=

d . dt

Whenthenumberofturnsinasolenoidanditslengtharebothdoubled,theratio ofthemagnitudeofthenewmagneticfieldinsidetothemagnitudeofthe originalmagneticfieldinsideis: a. b. c. d. e. 0.25 0.50 1 2 4

62.

Byusingacompasstomeasurethemagneticfielddirectionatvariouspoints adjacenttoalongstraightwire,youcanshowthatthewiresmagneticfieldlines are a. b. c. d. e. straightlinesinspacethatgofromonemagneticchargetoanother. straightlinesinspacethatareparalleltothewire. straightlinesinspacethatareperpendiculartothewire. circlesthathavetheircentersonthewireandlieinplanesperpendicularto thewire. circlesthathavethewirelyingalongadiameterofthecircle.

Sources of the Magnetic Field19

63.

Thereasonthenorthpoleofabarmagnetfreetorotatepointsnorthisbecause a. b. c. d. e. thesouthgeographicpoleoftheearthistheearthsmagneticnorthpole. thesouthgeographicpoleoftheearthistheearthsmagneticsouthpole. thereisanetaccumulationofnegativemagneticchargeattheearthssouth geographicpole. thereisanetaccumulationofpositivemagneticchargeattheearthsnorth geographicpole. thenorthgeographicpoleoftheearthistheearthsmagneticnorthpole.

64.

Thefollowingstatementsallrefertothehumanbrainwhenmentalactivityis occurring.Whichstatementiscorrect? a. b. c. d. e. Inordertodetectelectriccurrentsinthebrain,youmustopentheskulland makedirectelectricalcontactwiththebrain. Theelectriccurrentsinthebraincanbedetectedoutsidethebrainby detectingthemagneticfieldstheyproduce. Theelectriccurrentsinthebraincanbemappedbyshavingapersonshead anddroppingironfilingsonthehead. Theelectriccurrentsinthebrainproduceanaurathatcanbedetected visually. Theelectriccurrentsinthebraincannotbedetectedbyanymeans.

65.

Atapointinspacewherethemagneticfieldismeasured,themagneticfield producedbyacurrentelement a. b. c. d. e. pointsradiallyawayinthedirectionfromthecurrentelementtothepointin space. pointsradiallyinthedirectionfromthepointinspacetowardsthecurrent element. pointsinadirectionparalleltothecurrentelement. pointsinadirectionparalleltobutoppositeindirectiontothecurrent element. pointsinadirectionthatisperpendiculartothecurrentelementand perpendiculartotheradialdirection.

20CHAPTER 30

66.

Alongwireliesinatangleonthesurfaceofatable,asshownbelow.Whena currentisrunthroughthewireasshown,thelargestcomponentofthemagnetic fieldatXpoints

a. b. c. d. e. 67.

intothetable. outofthetable. paralleltothenearestsegmentofwire. antiparalleltothenearestsegmentofwire. alongacirclewhichhasitscenteratthecenteroftheoverallloop.

Asolenoidconsistsof100circularturnsofcopperwire.Partsofthreeturns,A,B andC,areshownbelow.

Whenacurrentflowsthroughthecoil, a. b. c. d. e. 68. bothAandCarerepelledbyB. AisattractedtoB;CisrepelledbyB. neitherAnorCisattractedtoorrepelledbyB. AisrepelledbyB;CisattractedtoB. bothAandCareattractedtoB.

Whenamicrowavefilterconsistingofverticalparallelmetalrodsisinthe absorbingposition,oscillatingcurrentsaresetupintherods.Atanyoneinstant, thecurrentineachrodhasthesamemagnitudeanddirection.Atthatinstant a. b. c. d. e. therodswilltrytomoveaparthorizontally. therodswilltrytomovetogetherhorizontally. therodswilltrytoshiftverticallyupwards. therodswilltrytoshiftverticallydownwards. therodswillnotbeaffectedbecausethesourceofcurrentisnotabattery.

Sources of the Magnetic Field21

69.

Atoroidismadeof2000turnsofwireofradius2.00cmformedintoadonut shapeofinnerradius10.0cmandouterradius14.0cm.Whena30.0Acurrentis presentinthetoroid,themagneticfieldatadistanceof11.0cmfromthecenter ofthetoroidis a. b. c. d. e. 0.0857T. 0.109T. 0.120T. 0.600T. 0.685T.

70.

Twosolenoidsareeachmadeof2000turnsofcopperwirepermeter.SolenoidI is2mlong,whilesolenoidIIis1mlong.Whenequalcurrentsarepresentinthe twosolenoids,theratioofthemagneticfieldBIalongtheaxisofsolenoidItothe magneticfieldBIIalongtheaxisofsolenoidII,BI/BII,is a. b. c. d. e. 1/4. 1/2. 1. 2 4.

71.

A0.50mlongsolenoidconsistsof1000turnsofcopperwirewoundwitha4.0 cmradius.Whenthecurrentinthesolenoidis18A,themagneticfieldatapoint 1.0cmfromthecentralaxisofthesolenoidis a. b. c. d. e. 0.090mT. 0.36mT. 23mT. 36mT. 45mT.

72.

Twosolenoidsofequallengthareeachmadeof2000turnsofcopperwireper meter.SolenoidIhasa5.00cmradius;solenoidIIa10.0cmradius.Whenequal currentsarepresentinthetwosolenoids,theratioofthemagnitudeofthe magneticfieldBIalongtheaxisofsolenoidItothemagnitudeofthemagnetic fieldBIIalongtheaxisofsolenoidII,BI/BII,is a. b. c. d. e. 1/4. 1/2. 1. 2. 4.

22CHAPTER 30

73.

Athininfinitelylargecurrentsheetliesintheyzplane.CurrentofmagnitudeJs perunitlengthalongthezaxistravelsintheyaxisdirection,whichisupoutof thepage.Whichdiagrambelowcorrectlyrepresentsthedirectionofthemagnetic fieldoneithersideofthesheet?

74.

Themagneticmomentofanelectron(charge=e;mass=me)movinginacircular orbitofradiusrwithspeedvaboutanucleusofmassmNisproportionalto a. b. c. d. e. r. v. vr. evr. mNvr.

75.

ThemagneticfieldstrengthHwithinasolenoidwithnturnsperunitlength (length=)andcurrentIhasmagnitudeHequalto a. b. c. d. e. nI.

0 nI . (1 + 0 )nI .

0 nI .

nI .

76.

Ontheaverage,inaferromagneticdomainpermanentatomicmagneticmoments arealigned_____tooneanother. a. b. c. d. e. antiparallel parallel perpendicular alternatelyparallelandantiparallel randomlyrelative

Sources of the Magnetic Field23

77.

EqualcurrentsofmagnitudeItraveloutofthepageinwiresMandN.Eight directionsareindicatedbylettersAthroughH.

ThedirectionofthemagneticfieldatpointPis a. b. c. d. e. 78. E. F. G. H. A.

EqualcurrentsofmagnitudeItraveloutofthepageinwireMandintothepage inwireN.EightdirectionsareindicatedbylettersAthroughH.

ThedirectionofthemagneticfieldatpointPis a. b. c. d. e. A. B. C. D. E.

24CHAPTER 30

79.

EqualcurrentsofmagnitudeItravelintothepageinwireMandoutofthepage inwireN.EightdirectionsareindicatedbylettersAthroughH.

ThedirectionofthemagneticfieldatpointPis a. b. c. d. e. 80. C. E. F. G. H.

EqualcurrentsofmagnitudeItravelintothepageinwiresMandN.Eight directionsareindicatedbylettersAthroughH.

ThedirectionofthemagneticfieldatpointPis a. b. c. d. e. B. C. D. E. F.

Open-Ended Problems
81. Alongsolenoid(n=80turns/cm)carriesacurrentof70mA.Iftheinteriorofthe solenoidisfilledwithaferromagneticmaterialhavingapermeabilitykmof650, determinethemagnitudeofthemagneticfieldbeforeandaftertheferromagnetic materialisinserted. 82. Twowires,eachhavingaweightperunitlengthof10 N/m,arestrungparallel, one0.1mabovetheother.Ifthewirescarrythesamecurrent,thoughinopposite directions,howgreatmustthecurrentineachwirebeforthemagneticfieldof thelowerconductortobalancetheweightoftheupperconductor?
4

Sources of the Magnetic Field25

83.

Whatcurrentinasolenoid15cmlongwoundwith100turnswouldproducea magneticfieldequaltothatoftheEarth,510 T?
5

84. 85.

Asuperconductingwirecarriesacurrentof1.010 A.Findthemagneticfield atadistanceof1.0mfromthewire. Theplanetarymodelofthehydrogenatomconsistsofanelectroninacircular orbitaboutaproton.Themotionoftheelectronofcharge1.6 10 Ccreatesan electriccurrent.Theradiusoftheelectronorbitis5.310 mandtheelectrons 6 velocityis2.210 m/s.Whatisthemagneticfieldstrengthatthelocationofthe proton?
11 19

26CHAPTER 30

Chapter 30 Sources of the Magnetic Field


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. b c a c d b d c b c a b c d c b c d d c b a a b a d a 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. c b c d b d c d b c d c b a c b a c c d b c d a b c a

Sources of the Magnetic Field27

55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80. 81. 82. 83. 84. 85.

a b c a c a c d a b e b e b b c e c d d a b e c d d 7gauss,0.46T 7.1A 59.7mA 210 T 12.5T


3