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# Chapter 30 Sources of the Magnetic Field

Multiple Choice
1. Onelongwirecarriesacurrentof30Aalongtheentirexaxis.Asecondlong wirecarriesacurrentof40Aperpendiculartothexyplaneandpassesthrough thepoint(0,4,0)m.Whatisthemagnitudeoftheresultingmagneticfieldatthe pointy=2.0montheyaxis? a. b. c. d. e. 2. 4.0T 5.0T 3.0T 7.0T 1.0T

3.

## A2.0cmlengthofwirecenteredontheorigincarriesa20Acurrentdirectedin thepositiveydirection.Determinethemagneticfieldatthepointx=5.0mon thexaxis. a. b. c. d. e. 1.6nTinthenegativezdirection 1.6nTinthepositivezdirection 2.4nTinthenegativezdirection 2.4nTinthenegativezdirection Noneoftheabove

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Threelongwiresparalleltothexaxiscarrycurrentsasshown.IfI=20A,whatis themagnitudeofthemagneticfieldattheorigin?

a. b. c. d. e. 5.

6.

7.

## Sources of the Magnetic Field3

8.

Twolongstraightwirescarrycurrentsperpendiculartothexyplane.Onecarries acurrentof50Aandpassesthroughthepointx=5.0cmonthexaxis.The secondwirehasacurrentof80Aandpassesthroughthepoint y=4.0cmonthe yaxis.Whatisthemagnitudeoftheresultingmagneticfieldattheorigin? a. b. c. d. e. 200T 600T 450T 300T 400T

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## Asegmentofwireoftotallength2.0misformedintoacircularloophaving5.0 turns.Ifthewirecarriesa1.2Acurrent,determinethemagnitudeofthe magneticfieldatthecenteroftheloop. a. b. c. d. e. 79T 69T 59T 89T 9.4T

18.

Ifa=2.0cm,b=5.0cm,andI=20A,whatisthemagnitudeofthemagneticfield atthepointP?

a. b. c. d. e.

## 4.5T 7.5T 9.0T 6.0T 3.6T

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Ifa=1.0cm,b=3.0cm,andI=30A,whatisthemagnitudeofthemagneticfield atpointP?

a. b. c. d. e. 20.

## Astraightwire(length=8.0m)isbenttoformasquare.Ifthewirecarriesa currentof20A,whatisthemagnitudeofthemagneticfieldatthecenterofthe square? a. b. c. d. e. 17T 14T 11T 20T 36T

21.

Inthefigure,ifa=2.0cm,b=4.0cm,andI=2.0A,whatisthemagnitudeofthe magneticfieldatpointP?

a. b. c. d. e.

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## Thesegmentofwire(totallength=6R)isformedintotheshapeshownand carriesacurrentI.Whatisthemagnitudeoftheresultingmagneticfieldatthe pointP?

a. b. c. d. e. 23.

0 I 8R 0 I 2R 0 I 4R 0 I 2R 0 I 8R

## Thesegmentofwire(totallength=6R)isformedintotheshapeshownand carriesacurrentI.Whatisthemagnitudeoftheresultingmagneticfieldatthe pointP?

a. b. c. d. e.

3 0 I 8R 3 0 I 2R 3 0 I 4R 3 0 I 2R 3 0 I 8R

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24.

WhatisthemagnitudeofthemagneticfieldatpointPifa=Randb=2R?

a. b. c. d. e. 25.

9 0 I 16 R 3 0 I 16 R 0 I 4R 3 0 I 4R 3 0 I 8R

WhatisthemagnitudeofthemagneticfieldatpointPifa=Randb=2R?

a. b. c. d. e.

3 0 I 4R 0 I 4R 20 I 3R 0 I 3R 3 0 I 4R

## Sources of the Magnetic Field9

26.

WhatisthemagnitudeofthemagneticfieldatpointPifa=Randb=2R?

a. b. c. d. e. 27.

0 I 6R 3 0 I 16 R 0 I 12R 0 I 16 R 0 I 32 R

## WhatisthemagnitudeofthemagneticfieldatpointPinthefigureif a=2.0cm, b=4.5cm,andI=5.0A?

a. b. c. d. e. 28.

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## Thefigureshowsacrosssectionofthreeparallelwireseachcarryingacurrentof 5.0Aoutofthepaper.IfthedistanceR=6.0mm,whatisthemagnitudeofthe magneticforceona2.0mlengthofanyoneofthewires?

a. b. c. d. e. 34.

a. b. c. d. e.

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## Thefigureshowsacrosssectionofthreeparallelwireseachcarryingacurrentof 15A.ThecurrentsinwiresAandCareoutofthepaper,whilethatinwireBis intothepaper.IfthedistanceR=5.0mm,whatisthemagnitudeoftheforceona 4.0mlengthofwireC?

a. b. c. d. e. 36.

## Thefigureshowsacrosssectionofthreeparallelwireseachcarryingacurrentof 24A.ThecurrentsinwiresBandCareoutofthepaper,whilethatinwireAis intothepaper.IfthedistanceR=5.0mm,whatisthemagnitudeoftheforceona 4.0mlengthofwireA?

a. b. c. d. e. 37.

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c. d. e. 44.

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## Alongsolenoid(1000turns/m)carriesacurrentof25mAandhasaninside radiusof2.0cm.Alongwirewhichisparalleltoand4.0cmfromtheaxisofthe solenoidcarriesacurrentof6.0A.Whatisthemagnitudeofthemagneticfieldat apointontheaxisofthesolenoid? a. b. c. d. e. 51T 61T 43T 81T 1.4T

54.

Twolongparallelwireslieinthexzplane.Onewirepassesthroughthepoint (2m,0,0)andtheotherthroughthepoint(+2m,0,0).Thewirescarryequal currentsinthepositivezdirection. 1. 2. 3. 4. a. b. c. d. e. Themagneticfieldat(3m,0,0)isinthenegativeydirection. Themagneticfieldat(1m,0,0)isinthepositiveydirection. Themagneticfieldat(+1m,0,0)isinthepositiveydirection. Themagneticfieldat(+3m,0,0)isinthenegativeydirection. 1and2arecorrect. 1and4arecorrect. 2and3arecorrect. 3and4arecorrect. Noneoftheabovearecorrect.

55.

## Sources of the Magnetic Field17

56.

Aconductinghollowcylinder(innerradius=a,outerradius=b)carriesa currentof40Athatisuniformlydistributedoverthecrosssectionofthe conductor.Ifa=3.0mmandb=6.0mm,whatisthemagnitudeofthe(line) B dsaroundacircularpath(radius=5.0mm)centeredontheaxis integral ofthecylinderandinaplaneperpendiculartothataxis? a. b. c. d. e. 50Tm 30Tm 22Tm 37Tm 47Tm

57.

Aconductingrodwithasquarecrosssection(3.0cm3.0cm)carriesacurrent of60Athatisuniformlydistributedacrossthecrosssection.Whatisthe B dsaroundasquarepath(1.5cm1.5cm) magnitudeofthe(line)integral ifthepathiscenteredonthecenteroftherodandliesinaplaneperpendicularto theaxisoftherod? a. b. c. d. e. 14Tm 75Tm 19Tm 57Tm 38Tm

58.

Acurrentelement(length=1.0cm)liesalongthexaxiswithitscenteratx=0 andcarriesa20Acurrentinthepositivexdirection.Consideronlythefieldof thiscurrentelementanddecidewhichcombinationofthefollowingstatementsis correct. 1. 2. 3. 4. a. b. c. d. e. Thefieldat(0,0,1.0m)isinthepositivezdirection. Thefieldat(0,1.0m,0)isinthenegativeydirection. Thefieldat(1.0m,0,0)iszero. Thefieldat(0,0,1.0m)isinthenegativeydirection. 3and4 1and3 2and4 1and2 Noneofthese

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59.

Whichdiagramcorrectlyshowsthemagneticfieldlinescreatedbyacircular currentloopinwhichcurrentflowsinthedirectionshown?

60.

GausssLawstatesthatthenetelectricflux,

E dA,throughanyclosed E dA=

B dA=0.

.Theanalogous

B dA= 0
B dA=

qmag
I .

B dA= 0 0
B dA=

d . dt

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## Thereasonthenorthpoleofabarmagnetfreetorotatepointsnorthisbecause a. b. c. d. e. thesouthgeographicpoleoftheearthistheearthsmagneticnorthpole. thesouthgeographicpoleoftheearthistheearthsmagneticsouthpole. thereisanetaccumulationofnegativemagneticchargeattheearthssouth geographicpole. thereisanetaccumulationofpositivemagneticchargeattheearthsnorth geographicpole. thenorthgeographicpoleoftheearthistheearthsmagneticnorthpole.

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Thefollowingstatementsallrefertothehumanbrainwhenmentalactivityis occurring.Whichstatementiscorrect? a. b. c. d. e. Inordertodetectelectriccurrentsinthebrain,youmustopentheskulland makedirectelectricalcontactwiththebrain. Theelectriccurrentsinthebraincanbedetectedoutsidethebrainby detectingthemagneticfieldstheyproduce. Theelectriccurrentsinthebraincanbemappedbyshavingapersonshead anddroppingironfilingsonthehead. Theelectriccurrentsinthebrainproduceanaurathatcanbedetected visually. Theelectriccurrentsinthebraincannotbedetectedbyanymeans.

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## Alongwireliesinatangleonthesurfaceofatable,asshownbelow.Whena currentisrunthroughthewireasshown,thelargestcomponentofthemagnetic fieldatXpoints

a. b. c. d. e. 67.

## intothetable. outofthetable. paralleltothenearestsegmentofwire. antiparalleltothenearestsegmentofwire. alongacirclewhichhasitscenteratthecenteroftheoverallloop.

Asolenoidconsistsof100circularturnsofcopperwire.Partsofthreeturns,A,B andC,areshownbelow.

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## ThemagneticfieldstrengthHwithinasolenoidwithnturnsperunitlength (length=)andcurrentIhasmagnitudeHequalto a. b. c. d. e. nI.

0 nI . (1 + 0 )nI .

0 nI .

nI .

76.

## Sources of the Magnetic Field23

77.

EqualcurrentsofmagnitudeItraveloutofthepageinwiresMandN.Eight directionsareindicatedbylettersAthroughH.

ThedirectionofthemagneticfieldatpointPis a. b. c. d. e. 78. E. F. G. H. A.

EqualcurrentsofmagnitudeItraveloutofthepageinwireMandintothepage inwireN.EightdirectionsareindicatedbylettersAthroughH.

ThedirectionofthemagneticfieldatpointPis a. b. c. d. e. A. B. C. D. E.

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EqualcurrentsofmagnitudeItravelintothepageinwireMandoutofthepage inwireN.EightdirectionsareindicatedbylettersAthroughH.

ThedirectionofthemagneticfieldatpointPis a. b. c. d. e. 80. C. E. F. G. H.

EqualcurrentsofmagnitudeItravelintothepageinwiresMandN.Eight directionsareindicatedbylettersAthroughH.

ThedirectionofthemagneticfieldatpointPis a. b. c. d. e. B. C. D. E. F.

Open-Ended Problems
81. Alongsolenoid(n=80turns/cm)carriesacurrentof70mA.Iftheinteriorofthe solenoidisfilledwithaferromagneticmaterialhavingapermeabilitykmof650, determinethemagnitudeofthemagneticfieldbeforeandaftertheferromagnetic materialisinserted. 82. Twowires,eachhavingaweightperunitlengthof10 N/m,arestrungparallel, one0.1mabovetheother.Ifthewirescarrythesamecurrent,thoughinopposite directions,howgreatmustthecurrentineachwirebeforthemagneticfieldof thelowerconductortobalancetheweightoftheupperconductor?
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## Sources of the Magnetic Field25

83.

Whatcurrentinasolenoid15cmlongwoundwith100turnswouldproducea magneticfieldequaltothatoftheEarth,510 T?
5

84. 85.

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## Chapter 30 Sources of the Magnetic Field

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. b c a c d b d c b c a b c d c b c d d c b a a b a d a 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. c b c d b d c d b c d c b a c b a c c d b c d a b c a

## Sources of the Magnetic Field27

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