Anda di halaman 1dari 2

DAFTAR PUSTAKA

1. http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/back+pain 2. http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/back-pain/Pages/Introduction.aspx 3. Sudirman S, Hargiyanto. Kajian teknologi kesehatan atas perbedaan efek analgesia dari elektroakupunktur dengan frekuensi rendah, kombinasi, dan tinggi, pada nyeri punggung bawah. Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan 2011; 14(2): 203-208. 4. Fauci AS, Kasper DL, Longo DL, et al. Back and Neck Pain. Dalam Harrisons Principles of Internal Medicine. 17th Edition. New York: McGrawHill, 2008. 5. Purba JS, Ng DS. Nyeri punggung bawah: patofisiologi, terapi farmakologi dan non-farmakologi akupunktur. Medicinus 2008; 21(2): 38-42. 6. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Back_pain 7. Ropper AH, Brown RH. Pain in the back, neck, and extremities. Dalam Adams and Victors: Principles of Neurology. Eight Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2005. 8. Docking RE, Fleming J, Brayne C, et al. Epidemiology of back pain in older adults: prevalence and risk factors for back pain onset. Rheumatology 2011; 50: 164-1653. 9. Chou R, Qaseem A, Snow V, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of low back pain: a joint clinical practice guideline from the american college of physicians and the american pain society. Ann Intern Med 2007; 147: 478-491. 10. Tunjung R. Diagnosis dan penatalaksanaan nyeri punggung bawah di puskesmas. dokterblog.wordpress.com/2009/05/17/diagnosis-dan-penatalak sanaan-nyeri-punggung-bawah-di-puskesmas/ 11. Feldman DE, Shrier I, Rossignol M, et al. Risk factors for the development of low back pain in adolescence. Am J Epidemiol 2001; 154(1): 30-36. 12. Yuliana. Low back pain. CDK 2011; 38(4): 270-273. 13. Swenson RS. Therapeutic modalities in the management of nonspecic neck pain. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 2003; 14: 605627. 14. Douglass AB, Bope ET. Evaluation and treatment of posterior neck pain in family practice. J Am Board Fam Pract 2004; 17: S1322. 15. Hansen JT, Koeppen BM. Atlas of Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology. Teterboro: Icon Custom Communications, 2002. 16. Picavet HSJ, Vlaeyen JWS, Schouten JSAG. Pain catastrophizing and kinesiophobia: predictors of chronic low back pain. Am J Epidemiol 2002; 156: 10281034. 17. Ehrlich GE. Low back pain. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2003; 81(9): 671-676. 18. Tomita S, Arphorn S, Muto T, et al. Prevalence and risk factors of low back pain among thai and myanmar migrant seafood processing factory workers in Samut Sakorn Province, Thailand. Industrial Health 2010; 48: 283291.

19. Harsono. Kapita Selekta Neurologi. Edisi kedua. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press, 2009. 20. Manchikanti L, Singh V. An algorithmic approach to diagnosis and management of low back pain. Pain Physician 2001; 4: 597-604.