Anda di halaman 1dari 46

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

Training Course

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

1) General Introduction:

2) System Configuration:

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

3)Different Antenna Configurations:


A) 1+0 configuration:
Station A
Antenna ODU f1 Antenna

Station B
ODU

IF Cable

IDU(1+0)*2)

IDU(1+0))

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

B) 1+1 one antenna configuration:


Station A Station B

ODU(No.1)

Antenna f1

Antenna

ODU(No.1)

Hybrid

Hybrid

ODU(No.2)

ODU(No.2)

IF Cable

IF Cable IF Cable IF Cable

IDU(1+1)

IDU(1+1)

C) 1+1 two antennas configuration: Hotstand by or Space Divercity (SD)


Station A
Antenna (No.1) ODU(No.1) f1 Antenna (No.1) ODU(No.1)

Station B

f1

ODU(No.2) Antenna (No.2)

ODU(No.2) Antenna (No.2)

IF Cable

IF Cable

IF Cable

IF Cable

IDU(1+1)

IDU(1+1)

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

4) System Parameters:
4.1) Common:

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

4-2) The IDU:

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

4-3)The ODU:

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

5) RF Channel Plan:

For more details and to determine the specific frequency channel to use during the frequency setting please refer to the Appendix ''Frequency Allocation Table'' in the equipment instruction manual. 5-1) Example: Suppose your point frequency pair is in 15GHz band , TX= 14515.00 MHz, RX= 14935.00 MHz. When you refer to the frequency allocation tables in the manual you will find your frequency is In sub band A , Ch.7 as follows:

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

6) Alarm Indication and Control:


The alarm indication and reporting function are provided with the IDU. Alarm signals Initiated by detection circuits on the ODU are sent to the IDU. Therefore the alarm indicator for the ODU is located on the front panel of the IDU. The alarm for the IDU is also indicated by the corresponding alarm indicator on the IDU. When the equipment is operating normally, the alarm indicators on the IDU stay unlit. When an abnormal condition occur, the related alarm indicator is lit and a remote alarm report is made. Please refer to the IDU and ODU block diagrams. You can also, monitor the detailed alarm status by using LCT,PNMT,OR PNMS software.

The following is the detailed alarm table:

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

7) IDU Description and Operation:


7-1) General:

7-2) Equipment composition: A)1+0 IDU

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

B)1+1IDU:

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

7-3) Functional Operation:

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

7-3.1)Base band Section: The 2M signal applied to the traffic IN terminal are data streams in bipolar pulse format of The high density bipolar level 3 code. It goes through the TRANSFORMER (2M Interface) to the bipolar to-unipolar converter where it is converted to None Return to- Zero data stream. To obtain time slots for multiplexing, the 2.048 Mbps N data streams are written in to a buffer memory and read out with radio section clock having a time gap. The data streams having a time gap are sent to a multiplexer (MUX) circuit, here, alarm information, AIS RCVD, loopback control/ answer, alarm/control signals and stuff information bits, etc. are inserted into the location of the time gap. Then this data streams goes to the parallel to serial converter then to the Mux where the ASC,WS,LAN, and the DSC data signals are inserted into the respective locations of the time gaps. And in order to smooth the RF spectrum and to restore the clock at the receiving end, the Data goes to the Scrampling circuit where it is scrampled with the suitable pseudo random Pattern generated by the timing generator(TIM GEN), Then the data goes to differential encoder to be encoded . 7-3.2) The 4-Phase Shift Keying Modulation:
To permit 4-phase shift keying modulation, the encoded data streams are converted into two separate two-level baseband signals for the P and Q channels by the digital-to-analog converter (D-A CONV) on the MOD section according to the logical status (see Fig. 2-3). To limit the associated transmitter output power spectrum, the voltage spectrum of the two-level baseband signal is shaped by each low-pass filter. The filtered signals are applied to a 4-phase modulator (4PH MOD). To obtain an 850 MHz IF carriers for 4PH MOD, an 850 MHz carrier is generated by the 850 MHz voltage controlled oscillator (VCO), and is split into two for the P and Q channels. The 850 MHz carrier for the Q channel is phase-shifted by /2 from the P channel. The MOD modulates each of the 850 MHz carriers with a related two-level baseband signal, and combines the modulated 850 MHz signals on the P and Q channels to arrange a four-phase assignment as shown in Fig. below. The obtained 850 MHz IF signal is filtered by a LPF for eliminating the out-of-band components, amplified up to the required level by an automatic gain control (AGC) amplifier and sent to the ODU. Then, it is combined with 450 kHz amplitudemodulated engineering orderwire (EOW) signal and 10 MHz amplitude shift keying (ASK)modulated control signal.

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

7-3.3)Order Wire Modulation: To facilitate an EOW between the IDU and ODU, the EOW signal is amplitude-modulated with the 450 kHz carrier by the order wire modulator (EOW MOD) on the MOD section. The modulated EOW signal is filtered to eliminate higher out-of-band noise, amplified up to the required level and combined with the 850 MHz IF signal through a band-pass filter (BPF). This eliminates lower out-of-band noise, receiving IF signal (70 MHz), and an arrester (ARSR) protecting the equipment from harmful voltages caused by lightning.

7-3.4) Receiving Section: The above steps(7-3.1,2,3) order is simply reversed in the receiving section until obtaining the required 2M Traffic OUT. 7-3.5) Analog Service Channel Transmission: An analog signal applied to the ASC IN terminal is passed on to PCM CODEC circuit. An analog signal is converted into a 80 kbps (approx.) digital signal at the PCM CODEC circuit by 10 kHz (approx.) timing pulse and 80 kHz (approx.) clock signal received from the MAIN BOARD. The converted digital signal is fed to the MAIN BOARD. 7-3.6) Analog Service Channel Receiving: The 80 kbps (approx.) digital signal received from the MAIN BOARD is applied to the PCM DECOD circuit. This 80 kbps (approx.) bps digital signal is converted into an analog signal by the 10 kHz (approx.) timing pulse and 80 kHz (approx.) clock signal, and then the analog signal is fed to the ASC OUT terminal. 7-3.7)Digital Service Channel Transmission: The DSC signal received from DSC IN terminal is applied to level converter circuit. Here, the DSC signal is converted into 9.6 K transistor logic (TTL) level in the level converter and fed to the digital processing unit (DPU) circuit on the MAIN BOARD. In the DPU circuit, 9.6 K (TTL) signal is converted into 40 kbps (approx.) with 40 kHz (approx.) clock produced at the MAIN BOARD, and fed to the opposite station. 7-3.8) Digital Service Channel Receiving: The 40 kbps (approx.) extracted from DPU circuit on the MAIN BOARD is converted into 9.6 K (TTL) signal with 9.6 kHz clock. The 9.6 K (TTL) signal is converted into 9.6 K DSC signal in the level converter, and fed to the DSC OUT terminal.

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

7-3.9) Interface terminals and Jacks: The following tables indicates the pin configuration of the interface terminals and Jacks on the front panel of the IDU.

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

7-3.10) Controls, Indicators, and Test Jacks:

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

8) ODU Description and Operation:


8-1) General:
This section provides information on the functions of the TRP-[ ]G-[ ] Transmitter-Receiver (Outdoor Unit (ODU)) used for 4/8/17/34 MB data transmission. Also included is information on the equipment composition.

8-2) Equipment Composition: The ODU is provided with modules which are connected directly or by coaxial cables:

Note: * Location numbers are keyed to those in Fig. below:

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

8-3) Functional Operation: 8-3.1) Transmitter section:

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

8-3.2)Receiver Section:

8-3.3)Alarm and Control Section:

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

8-3.4)Interface Terminals and Jacks: The equipment has interface terminals and jacks to connect with the associated equipment. These interface terminals and jacks are located as below

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

Also, these terminals and Jacks are used as described in the following table:

8-3.5)Controls, Indicators , and Test Jacks: The controls, indicators and test jacks of the ODU are shown and These functions are described as follows:

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

9) Equipment start-up :
To make the equipment start-up please adhere the following procedure: 1- Before connecting the DC Power connector to the IDU Line IN port, check the input DC voltage by digital multimeter and make sure it is in between +20 and +60 dcv or -20 and -60 dcv. 2- Disconnect the IF Cable from the IDU side. 3- Power ON the IDU as in the following figure:

4- By using the LCT(as it will be explained next) set the frequency to the desired channel. 5- Power OFF the IDU from the same power switch(s). 6- Connect the IF Cable to the IDU. 7- By using the LCT and the other test tools/equipment continue the antenna alignment ,commissioning ,and testing.

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

10) The Local Craft Terminal(LCT) Software:


The setting of each item for the IDU/ODU is performed by the PC as follows: Caution: When login is not possible, check if settings of the communication format are proper. Caution: Do not turn on the power of the IDU leaving cable connection between the PC and RA PORT of the IDU. 1- After turning ON your laptop PC ,connect between the PC COM1 and the IDU LA or RA port by using the following serial cable:

Note: When the controlling or setting of own station are performed, connect the cable to the LA PORT. When the controlling or setting of opposite station are performed, connect the cable to the NMS/RA port. But, if the following cases are applied, the NMS/RA terminal can not be used. When the PM CARDs are mounted on Local and Remote equipment. When BER is degraded. 2- Open the communication file which you prepared before.(please refer to the LCT software setting procedure). 3- Press '' CTRL+D'' :

4- By default,there is no Password so, press ''ENTER'':

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

5- Edit ''0'' Then press ''ENTER'':

6- Edit ''1'' Then press ''ENTER'':

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

January,2004

NEC

Pasolink Training Course

January,2004