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Longitudinal Dynamics

Sea level take off

Assuming the flight is at low speed (M
and level).

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and the flight is in zero angle of attack (straight

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det(sI-A)=0
The solutions yield the eigenvalues:

Phugoid mode:

Short period

Cruise at 2000ft at 60km/h:

det(sI-A)=0
The solutions yield the eigenvalues:

Oscillation characteristics:

Cruising at 5000ft at 80km/h:

det(sI-A)=0
The solutions yield the eigenvalues:

(
Oscillation characteristics:

By approximation
Parameter Obtained:
m
q
sea
10
108.8
level
7
200 10
160.6
0 ft
2
500 10
260.0
0 ft
7

U
13.33
2
16.67
22.22

Thrust
58.655
87
46.910
62
35.193
52

1.225
1.007
0.736
4

S
0.6532
4
0.6532
4
0.6532
4

Cla

Cma

Lf

Iy

4.319

-0.616

0.233

1.87

2.91

4.5189

-0.64627

0.233

1.87

2.66

4.5972

-0.65838

0.233

1.87

2.34

Sea level:
Phugoid mode
Xu = -(CD + 2CDO)/Um
= -(0.824 + 2(0.879))/(13.32*10)
=-1.3784
Zu = -(Cl + 2Clo)/Um
= -(1.379 + 2(0.6))/(13.32*10)
= -1.3759
Wph =

= 1.006
Sph = -Xu/(2Wph)
=-(-1.3784)/(2(1.006))
= 0.685
Short mode
Zw=-(Cla+Cdo)(q*S)/(U*m)
=-(4.319 +0.879)(108.87*0.653)/(13.32*10)
=--2.7732
Mw=Cma(q*S*c)/(U*Iy)
=(-0.616)( 108.87*0.653*0.233)/(13.32*2.91)
=-0-0.26

Cd
0.8247
87
0.5132
49
0.2963
59

Cl
1.3794
3
1.0733
11
0.8260
84

Cdo
0.8796
43
0.5464
59
0.3160
32

Clo
0.6
0.6
0.6

Mq=-lf*Cla(lf/U)*q*S/Iy
=-1.87*(4.319)(1.87/13.32)(108.87*0.653)/( 2.91)
=-27.7
Wnsp=
=
(
=8.966
Ssp=-(Mq+U*Mw+Zw)/(2Wnsp)
=-(-27.7+13.32*-0.263+-2.773)/(2*8.966)
=1.896
2000ft
Xu = -(CD + 2CDO)/Um
= -(0.513 + 2(0.879))/(16.67*10)
=-1.01
Zu = -(Cl + 2Clo)/Um
= -(1.073 + 2(0.6))/(16.67*10)
= -1.431
Wph =

= 1.0917
Sph = -Xu/(2Wph)
=-(-1.01)/(2(1.0917))
= 0.551

Short mode
Zw=-(Cla+Cdo)(q*S)/(U*m)
=-(4.518 +0.5464)(169.62*0.653)/(16.67*10)
=-3.188
Mw=Cma(q*S*c)/(U*Iy)
=(-0.64)( 160.62*0.653*0.233)/(16.67*2.66)
=-0.502

Mq=-lf*Cla(lf/U)*q*S/Iy
=-1.87*(4.518)(1.87/16.67)(160.62*0.653)/( 2.66)
=-37.3

Wnsp=
=
(
(
=11.17
Ssp=-(Mq+U*Mw+Zw)/(2Wnsp)
=-(-37.3+16.67*-0.356+-3.1882)/(2*11.17)
=2.0776
5000ft
Xu = -(CD + 2CDO)/Um
= -(0.296 + 2(0.3160))/(22.2*10)
=-0.70985
Zu = -(Cl + 2Clo)/Um
= -(0.826 + 2(0.6))/(22.2*10)
= -1.545
Wph =

= 0.826
Sph = -Xu/(2Wph)
=-(-0.7098)/(2(0.826))
= 0.4291

Lateral-Directional Dynamics
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Since the UAV is symmetrical, therefore

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det(sI-A)=0
The solutions yield the eigenvalues:
(
(
(

Cruising at 2000ft at 60km/h

det(sI-A)=0
The solutions yield the eigenvalues:
(

Cruising at 5000ft at 80km/h

det(sI-A)=0
The solutions yield the eigenvalues:
(

(
(
(

,
,

Summary
Sea level take-off

Cruise at 2000ft at
60km/h

Cruise at 5000ft at
80km/h

Longitudinal
motion
0.293
4.02s

eriod

10.73s
0.375

Lateraldirectional
motion

eriod

,
,

,
,