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EPIC G111 May 2009 X71

Wavin Tigris Gas



The innovative solution for


Wavin Tigris Gas manual




General 1.1. Introduction 1.2. The Wavin PE-X/Al pipe 1.3. The Wavin Tigris gas press fitting 1.4. The benefits of Wavin Tigris 1.5. Expected service life and guarantee 1.6. Quality marks Design 2.1. Location of the pipes 2.2. Function of the pipe sleeve 2.3. Earthing 2.4. Shut-off valves 2.5. Determining pipe diameter 2.6. General rules on noise Installing the Wavin PE-X/Al pipe system 3.1. Expansion and fixing 3.2. Bending of Wavin PE-X/Al pipes 3.3. Making connections 3.4. Pressing tool 3.5. Threaded connections 3.6. Protecting against external influences 3.7. Pressure testing Technical data Branches

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Wavin Tigris Gas manual


1. General

1.1. Introduction
The Wavin Tigris Gas System can be used for installing permanent gas pipes within domestic buildings, in compliance with NEN 1078 and NEN 8078, with a maximum pressure of 200 mbar. This means the system is suitable for gas piping having a nominal operating pressure of 25 or 100 mbar. The Wavin Tigris Gas System is not intended for use in industrial and agricultural applications.

Naturally, the Wavin PE-X/Al pipe cannot and must not be used as an earth pipe. Wavin PE-X/Al pipes can easily be bent by hand using a pipe bending spring or pliers. The pipe retains its shape and does not spring back after bending. This makes it easy to bend the pipe around obstacles without tension, reducing the need for fittings and lowering flow resistance. The pipe is usually laid directly from a coil so it can be installed quickly and few fittings are required. Wavin PE-X/Al can be supplied in straight lengths for visible parts or in conduit to meet local regulations.

fitting, and the window on the sleeve can be used to see whether the pipe is inserted far enough into the fitting. The O-ring on the bushing ensures that the fitting is now completely gastight. In order to tighten the connection permanently, pressing tongs are used to deform the ferrule to clearly show it has been pressed.

1.2. The Wavin PE-X/Al pipe

Wavin PE-X/Al pipes consist of five layers. The centre of the pipe has a butt welded aluminium pipe as its core. The aluminium pipe is butt welded offering a consistent wall thickness. The inner layer is made of PE-Xc, electron beam cross-linked PE.

Fig. 3. The Wavin Tigris fitting with pressed ferrule

1.3. The Wavin Tigris gas press fitting

Wavin Tigris press fittings are made of brass. The fittings have a stainless steel sleeve. This sleeve has an inspection window that allows the correct insertion depth of the pipe to be checked during pressing work. Sealing is done with two O-rings.

Fig. 4. The Wavin Tigris threaded fitting

Fig. 1. Wavin PE-X/Al pipe

The brass threaded fittings have a yellow ring that also prevents contact corrosion between the brass fitting and

Cross-linking improves the PE in terms of temperature resistance and service life. The robust outer layer consists of PE-Xb, which prevents the aluminium layer from becoming exposed to the atmosphere. As a result, the Wavin PEX/Al pipe is resistant to all forms of corrosion, aging and weathering. The outer layer of the pipe is yellow so it can be recognised easily. A special adhesive is used to bond both PE layers to the aluminium core for the duration of its service life. The programme includes a calibration and trimming tool: when used correctly, the pipe is free from burrs and no burrs can enter the pipe. The trimmed pipe is pushed onto the spigot of the

the aluminium layer of the pipe. The threaded fittings are used to connect valves or appliances and for junctions with other materials.

Fig. 2. Through the inspection window you can see that the pipe has been inserted far enough

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Wavin Tigris Gas manual


2. Design

1.4. The benefits of Wavin Tigris

The pipes and fittings combine the benefits of plastic and metal to produce an optimum product. The key benefits of the system are: High corrosion resistance Shape retention but can still be bent by hand Minimum expansion Diffusion-tight seal Rapid and easy assembly (inspection window for checking) Fitter-independent O-ring seal Simple, uncomplicated pressing technique (deformation of the ferrule visible after pressing) No risk of burrs in the pipe No fire hazard because the connections are fitted without heat or flame Low labour costs, particularly when working with coils

2.1. Location of the pipes

Wavin Tigris gas pipes must be protected against mechanical damage. In many markets, gas pipes must only be visible in the meter cupboard and nowhere else. In that case, the pipe must be fitted with a pipe sleeve or another type of encapsulation or sheath. The pipes are usually concealed in the walls or floors of new buildings. We recommend that a pipe sleeve is fitted around the pipe as well here to prevent damage during the building phase. In principle, gas pipes may be laid in the ground unprotected, but we recommend that pipe sleeves are also fitted on the pipes here to prevent the risk of damage during digging work. NPR 3378-7 states that pipes must not be laid in the ground under buildings, with the exception of horticultural greenhouses.

Brass fittings for underground pipes must be taped up to protect them against moisture. Pipes in inaccessible spaces such as above fixed ceilings and behind panelling must be enclosed in a pipe sleeve. The inside diameter of the pipe sleeve must be at least 10 mm greater than the outside diameter of the gas pipe (there must be a 5 mm clearance around the pipe). The pipe sleeve must protrude from the wall by at least 20 mm and be open on both sides. No metal pipes or fittings must be used in crawl spaces. Wavin Tigris gas pipes in pipe sleeves may be laid in crawl spaces (without fittings).

1.5. Expected service life and guarantee

Wavin PE-X/Al pipes and Wavin Tigris gas fittings are designed for a minimum service life of 50 years. Regardless, if the pipes are installed professionally in accordance with Wavin's work instructions, Wavin provides a 10-year guarantee from the date of delivery on material defects in Wavin pipes and fittings (see guarantee conditions).

Fig. 5. In inaccessible spaces, the gas pipe must be inserted in a pipe sleeve. The pipe must have at least 6 mm clearance in the pipe sleeve. Do not bend pipe over hard, sharp edges (see arrow)

1.6. Quality marks

Wavin PE-X/Al pipes and Wavin Tigris have a GASKEUR approval (issued by GASTEC) for use as a gas pipe system.



Wavin Tigris Gas manual


2.2. Function of the pipe sleeve

1. To protect pipes during use: exposed pipes. 2. To protect pipes during installation: embedded pipes. 3. To make it simple to replace pipes: pipes that cross walls or floors, pipes in inaccessible spaces. The pipe should run as straight as possible to make replacement possible. The ends of the pipe sleeve must provide gas resistance through walls and brickwork and protrude from the wall by at least 20 mm. 4. To ensure that no gas escapes to inaccessible spaces if there is a leak. The above functions will be combined in a number of cases. If a pipe sleeve is used, you must ensure that, if there is a leak, the gas between the pipe sleeve and gas pipe is able to escape to an accessible and ventilated area. With wall and floor lead-throughs, the pipe sleeve must protrude by at least 20 mm.

2.4. Shut-off valves

NPR 3378 specifies where shut-off valves must be fitted in the gas pipe. For houses, this means that a shut-off valve must be fitted by the entrance to a house or housing unit (main cock) and for each individual gas appliance. The shut-off valve for a gas appliance can also be used for this purpose. For other situations please see NPR 3378-5. If only gas appliances with a flame failure device have been used, then a low-pressure shut-off valve is not needed. In houses where not all appliances are fitted with a flame failure device, it is sufficient to have one low-pressure shut-off valve immediately behind the main valve.

connected. If several appliances are connected to a specific route, the total load is taken. In a limited number of cases, a simultaneity factor may be used in calculations, as it can be assumed that not all appliances will be used at the same time (see Figure 6). Once the load for each pipe section is known, a pipe diameter can be chosen. (To make an initial choice, dividing 1.7 mbar by the length of the longest pipe section calculates the required pressure loss per metre, and the table in Figure 7 can then be used to select a diameter). The pressure loss table in Figure 7 and incorporation of the pressure losses of any fittings in accordance with Figure 8 are then used to check whether the total pressure loss to each appliance remains under 1.7 mbar. If the loss of pressure is too great, then a larger diameter will need to be chosen for at least part of the pipe. In most cases, this will be the section where the greatest flow rate occurs. In practice, a 16 mm pipe diameter seems to be sufficient up to 10 kW, a 20 mm diameter up to 20 kW and a 25 mm diameter up to 40 kW.

2.5. Determining pipe diameter

The loss in pressure from the main valve to each individual consumer appliance must not exceed 1.7 mbar. The diameter of the different gas pipes must therefore be chosen in order to comply with this. The pressure loss depends on the flow rate and therefore the required capacity, the pipe length and the number of fittings.

2.3. Earthing
Each design starts with a sketch of the Wavin Tigris gas pipes cannot and must not be earthed. Although the pipe contains a metal layer (aluminium), this is completely shielded and therefore insulated by the outer PE-Xb layer. Earthing this would result in damage to the outer layer and risk of corrosion. Pipe to gas stove Pipe section for three or more appliances 0.7 0.8
(but at least equal to the following section)

required pipe route and a decision on the load of the various appliances

Fig. 6. Permissible simultaneity factors for gas pipes. In all other cases, calculations must be made with a simultaneity factor of 1.

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Wavin Tigris Gas manual


Connected load (kW) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60

Required volume flow m3/s 0.00003 0.00006 0.00009 0.00011 0.00014 0.00017 0.00020 0.00023 0.00026 0.00028 0.00031 0.00034 0.00037 0.00040 0.00043 0.00046 0.00048 0.00051 0.00054 0.00057 0.00060 0.00063 0.00066 0.00068 0.00071 0.00074 0.00077 0.00080 0.00083 0.00085 0.00088 0.00091 0.00094 0.00097 0.00100 0.00103 0.00105 0.00108 0.00111 0.00114 0.00117 0.00120 0.00123 0.00125 0.00128 0.00131 0.00134 0.00137 0.00140 0.00142 0.00145 0.00148 0.00151 0.00154 0.00157 0.00160 0.00162 0.00165 0.00168 0.00171

Required volume flow m3/h 0.10 0.21 0.31 0.41 0.51 0.62 0.72 0.82 0.92 1.03 1.13 1.23 1.33 1.44 1.54 1.64 1.74 1.85 1.95 2.05 2.15 2.26 2.36 2.46 2.56 2.67 2.77 2.87 2.97 3.08 3.18 3.28 3.38 3.49 3.59 3.69 3.79 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.21 4.31 4.41 4.51 4.62 4.72 4.82 4.92 5.03 5.13 5.23 5.33 5.44 5.54 5.64 5.74 5.85 5.95 6.05 6.15

16 speed m/s 0.25 0.50 0.76 1.01 1.26 1.51 1.76 2.02 2.27 2.52 2.77 3.02 3.28 3.53 3.78 4.03 4.28 4.53 4.79 5.04 5.29 5.54 5.79 6.05 6.30 6.55 6.80 7.05 7.31 7.56 7.81 8.06 8.31 8.57 8.82 9.07 9.32 9.57 9.83 10.08 10.33 10.58 10.83 11.09 11.34 11.59 11.84 12.09 12.34 12.60 12.85 13.10 13.35 13.60 13.86 14.11 14.36 14.61 14.86 15.12

Pressure loss mbar/m 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.07 0.08 0.10 0.12 0.15 0.17 0.20 0.23 0.26 0.30 0.33 0.37 0.41 0.45 0.49 0.54 0.59 0.64 0.69 0.74 0.80 0.86 0.92 0.98 1.05 1.11 1.18 1.25 1.32 1.40 1.47 1.55 1.63 1.72 1.80 1.89 1.98 2.07 2.16 2.26 2.35 2.45 2.55 2.66 2.76 2.87 2.98 3.09 3.21 3.32 3.44 3.56 3.68

20 speed m/s 0.15 0.30 0.45 0.60 0.76 0.91 1.06 1.21 1.36 1.51 1.66 1.81 1.96 2.11 2.27 2.42 2.57 2.72 2.87 3.02 3.17 3.32 3.47 3.62 3.78 3.93 4.08 4.23 4.38 4.53 4.68 4.83 4.98 5.13 5.29 5.44 5.59 5.74 5.89 6.04 6.19 6.34 6.49 6.64 6.80 6.95 7.10 7.25 7.40 7.55 7.70 7.85 8.00 8.15 8.31 8.46 8.61 8.76 8.91 9.06

Pressure loss mbar/m 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.09 0.10 0.11 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.16 0.18 0.19 0.21 0.22 0.24 0.26 0.27 0.29 0.31 0.33 0.35 0.37 0.39 0.41 0.43 0.45 0.48 0.50 0.53 0.55 0.57 0.60 0.63 0.65 0.68 0.71 0.74 0.77 0.80 0.83 0.86 0.89 0.92 0.96 0.99 1.02

25 speed m/s 0.09 0.18 0.27 0.36 0.45 0.54 0.63 0.73 0.82 0.91 1.00 1.09 1.18 1.27 1.36 1.45 1.54 1.63 1.72 1.81 1.90 2.00 2.09 2.18 2.27 2.36 2.45 2.54 2.63 2.72 2.81 2.90 2.99 3.08 3.17 3.27 3.36 3.45 3.54 3.63 3.72 3.81 3.90 3.99 4.08 4.17 4.26 4.35 4.44 4.53 4.63 4.72 4.81 4.90 4.99 5.08 5.17 5.26 5.35 5.44

Pressure loss mbar/m 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.09 0.10 0.10 0.11 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.16 0.17 0.18 0.18 0.19 0.20 0.21 0.21 0.22 0.23 0.24 0.25 0.26 0.27 0.28 0.29

Fig. 7. Pressure loss per metre of Wavin Tigris gas pipes



Wavin Tigris Gas manual


Example calculation, see Figure 9.

4 CV 5 34 kW

A simultaneity factor of 0.7 applies to the stove; so calculations can be made with 0.7 x 14 = 10 kW. Pipe section C therefore transports 10 kW, pipe section B 34 kW and pipe section A 44 kW. The longest section A + B has a length of 10 m. Total pressure loss must not exceed 1.7 mbar, which is
B (34 kW) 8m

House with a central heating system of 34 kW and a stove of 14 kW.

0.17 mbar/m. In Figure 7, find the pipe for 44 kW. Pipe 20 has a pressure loss of 0.55 mbar/m and therefore does not comply. Pipe 25 has a pressure loss of 0.15 mbar/m and therefore does comply. Pipe 25 is chosen for pipe section A. 20 mm appears to be too small for pipe section B, 34 kW. This has a pressure loss of 0.33 mbar/m, which means that the pressure loss for B would be 2.64 mbar with a

6 Stove 14 kW

C (10 kW) 6m

A (44 kW) 2m

length of 8 m. This is why 25 mm is also chosen for pipe section B.

Fig. 9. Example of pipe route

1 2


(-) 2.4 2.0 1.1 3.7 2.9 2.6 2.4 2.0 2.0 1.1 1.1 2.4 3.7 2.0 2.9 1.1 2.6 2.0 2.4 1.1 2.4 1.1 2.0

Equivalent pipe length (m) 0.6 0.7 0.5 1.0 1.0 1.2 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 1.0 0.7 1.0 0.5 1.2 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.7

Straight coupler 16 mm Straight coupler 20 mm Straight coupler 25 mm Elbow 90 16 mm Elbow 90 20 mm Elbow 90 25 mm Transition 16 x male/female Transition 20 x male/female Transition 20 x male/female Transition 25 x male/female Transition 25 x 1 male Tee 16/16/16 straight flow Tee 16/16/16 flow to branch Tee 20/20/20 straight flow Tee 20/20/20 flow to branch Tee 25/25/25 straight flow Tee 25/25/25 flow to branch Tee 20/16/20 straight flow Tee 20/16/20 flow to branch Tee 25/16/25 straight flow Tee 25/16/25 flow to branch Tee 25/20/25 straight flow Tee 25/20/25 flow to branch

Fig. 8. Resistance factors and equivalent pipe length of Wavin Tigris gas fittings

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Wavin Tigris Gas manual


Check pressure loss for section A + B The total pressure loss for pipe section A including fittings is: Pipe 25: Fitting 1, 25 x : Fitting 2, elbow 25: Fitting 3, tee 25x16x25 (straight): Total: 2.0 m 0.5 m 1.2 m 0.5 m 4.2 m x 0.15 mbar/m = 0.63 mbar

2.6. General rules on noise

Noise nuisance in gas pipes primarily occurs in fittings. It is therefore preferable to install as few fittings as possible in the vicinity of areas that are in use. The pipe diameter must be chosen so that the flow rate in or near occupied rooms is not faster than 15 m/s at any point. To limit loss of pressure, the flow rate will never exceed 5 m/s in most cases, so that noise nuisance is never a problem in reality.

The total pressure loss for pipe section B including fittings is: Pipe 25: Fitting 4, elbow 25: Fitting 5, 25 x : Total: 8.0 m 1.2 m 0.5 m 9.7 m x 0.09 mbar/m = 0.87 mbar

Total pressure loss for pipe section A + B = 0.63 + 0.87 = 1.5 mbar.

For pipe section C, we look at 10 kW in Figure 7. Pipe 16 has a pressure loss of 0.10 mbar/m and therefore seems suitable. Check pressure loss for section A + C The total pressure loss for route C including fittings is: Pipe 16: Fitting 3, T 25x16x25 (branch): Fitting 6, 16 x : Total: 6.0 m 0.6 m 0.6 m 7.2 m x 0.10 mbar/m = 0.72 mbar

Pipe section A has a pressure loss of 0.63 mbar (see above), making the total pressure loss for A + C 0.72 + 0.63 = 1.35 mbar



Wavin Tigris Gas manual

Installing the Wavin PE-X/AI pipe system

3. Installing the Wavin PE-X/Al pipe system

The use of metal fittings and the inner aluminium layer of the pipe ensure that gas will not escape easily in the event of a fire. The pipe must, of course, be protected against extremely high temperatures, so pipes must not be laid above heating appliances or close to electrical devices that can generate heat. Length change [mm]

3.1. Expansion and fixing

All pipe materials expand when heated and contract when cooled. For gas pipes, the expected differences in temperature are limited (15 - 30C). Greater temperature differences will only need to be taken into account when pipes are installed under extremely high or low ambient temperatures. The linear expansion coefficient of Wavin PE-X/Al pipes is 0.025-0.030 mm/mK (irrespective of the pipe diameter). Figure 6 can be used to calculate the expected elongations for Wavin PE-X/Al pipes in practice with a temperature reduction of 5C (e.g. from 20 to 15C) and a temperature increase of 10C. The change in length can also be calculated using the following formula:

23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 0 20 40 60 80
Temperature difference [K]

10 9 8 7
Pipe length [m]

6 5 4 3 2 1

Fig. 10. Change in length of Wavin PE-X/Al pipes (based on _ = 0.025 mm/mK
I = x L x T in the middle. The fixed points are attached to the pipe, not right next to a fitting. The other brackets must be sliding brackets so that the pipe can move freely when expanding and contracting. When the pipe changes direction, there must be sufficient room When pipes are anchored, one fixed point is fastened to each straight pipe, usually behind the bends or tees to accommodate the movement in length of the straight pipe.

= linear expansion coefficient (mm/mK) L = pipe length (m) T = difference in temperature (K)

I = change in length (mm)

FP = Fixed point GL = Slider point

Fig. 11. Fixed point and slider brackets.

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Wavin Tigris Gas manual

Installing the Wavin PE-X/AI pipe system

Expansion bends can be used for very long straight pipes or fixed end points. It is generally more than adequate to choose a length for the bent sections of an expansion bend that is equal to the bracket distance (see Figures 11 and 12). Checks must be carried out for very large distances and considerable differences in temperature, (see Section 3.2).

With floors, the top of the gas pipe must lie at least 35 mm under the finishing layer to prevent damage from nails or screws. In principle, the pipes can be placed in concrete without a casing, but care must be taken to ensure that the pipes are not damaged when the concrete is poured in. Changes in length must be taken into account if a pipe sleeve is

3.2. Bending of Wavin PE-X/Al pipes

As the pipes are easy to bend by hand, only a few fittings will usually be required. Pipes can be bent with or without a pipe bending spring (see Figure 13). Buckled pieces of pipe must be removed as they may impede the flow of gas in the pipe. If a pipe bending spring is used, the bending radius can be decreased (see Figure 14).

Pipe size distance mm 16 20 25

Pipe weight kg/m 0.095 0.138 0.220

Bracket m 0.9 1.2 1.5

then used in this case. With changes in direction, insulation must be used so that it can absorb the expansion (insulation thickness = 1.5 x expected expansion). When pipes are installed in plastered walls (e.g. in slotted grooves), the plaster work is usually not strong enough to absorb the expansion forces.

Fig. 12. Bracket distance for Wavin PE-X/Al pipes: 60.D

Pipe size by hand mm 16 x 2.0 20 x 2.25 25 x 2.5

Bending Bending radius pipe radius bending spring mm mm 5 x Da 80 5 x Da 100 5 x Da 125 4 x Da 64 4 x Da 80 4 x Da 100

The wall on which the brackets are secured must be sturdy enough to support the pipe, taking into consideration any extra load resulting from jolts etc. A shorter bracket distance can be used if necessary or, if the base is weak, a rail or plank can be fitted to which the brackets can be secured. See Figure 12 for the weights required. Heavy accessories, gas appliances etc. must not be hung from the gas pipe. In concrete floors and walls, the expansion forces can be absorbed by the surrounding concrete. The forces that occur are so low that no changes in length occur. The pipe must be protected where it exits the concrete. This is usually done by fitting an oversized pipe sleeve and allowing it to protrude from the wall by at least 20 mm (see Figure 5).

The pipes must then be inserted in a pipe sleeve and sufficient space must be left where they change direction to accommodate the expansion.

Fig. 14. Minimum bending radius of Wavin PE-X/Al pipes

Fig. 13. Bending Wavin PE-X/Al pipes with and without a pipe bending spring



Wavin Tigris Gas manual

Installing the Wavin PE-X/AI pipe system

If an expansion bend is used in a pipe route, a certain length of bent section must be kept, depending on the Bent section [mm] expected expansion. This expansion depends on the length of pipe and the expected temperature change (see Section 3.1). Once the expansion has been determined, Figure 15 can be used to determine the minimum length of the bent section.

1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200

3.3. Making connections

Pipes are difficult to clean once they have been installed, therefore try to prevent the inside of the pipe becoming dirty.

0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50

Length change [mm]

Fig. 15. Determination of the length of the bent section for Wavin PE-X/Al pipe

3.4. Pressing tool

Make a square cut in the pipe using tongs or a pipe cutter. Re-round the pipe by using the Wavin calibration tool. This removes burrs and bevels the pipe. Insert the calibration tool using a rotating motion until the stop. Make at least one complete rotation with the calibration tool and then remove it using a rotating motion. Check the length of the internal bevel: at least 1 mm for 1625 mm pipe. Apply a little lubricant if necessary to the internal bevel of the pipe end. Insert the pipe into the fitting until the stop and check the insert length through the window in the ferrule. Lay the jaw of the pressing tongs against the stop on the fitting and carry out the pressing. The fitting procedure is complete when the jaw is fully closed. The gas pipe must not be rotated in the fitting after pressing. HK Electric PO Box 71 5320 AB Hedel, The Netherlands Tel. +31 (0)73 - 599 7 599 Fax. +31 (0)73 - 599 7 590 Email: Both inspections can be performed by: The pressing jaws must also be inspected annually to ensure they can still be used to make good connections. This applies to pressing jaws for manual pressing tools and for hydraulic tools. Electrical pressing tools must also be inspected annually to check their electrical safety and effective operation. The Wavin pressing tool must be used for pressing work. A limited number of other brands of pressing tools and/or pressing jaws can also be used; please consult your Wavin representative. The pressing jaws must be kept clean and undamaged.

3.5. Threaded connections

Wavin Tigris threaded fittings are threaded with gas pipe thread in accordance with ISO 7/1; the female thread is parallel and the male thread is conical. All Wavin Tigris threaded fittings are cleaned at the factory. In principle, threading oil eliminates the need to clean the fitting. This is why it is advisable to keep the fitting in its packaging for as long as possible. The threaded fitting will need to be cleaned if it has come into contact with oil or grease. The Wavin Tigris fittings with an outside thread are serrated to make it easier to attach sealing tape.


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Pipe size [mm]

25 x 2,50 20 x 2,25 16 x 2,00

Wavin Tigris Gas manual

Installing the Wavin PE-X/AI pipe system

Fitting a threaded fitting: Apply plenty of Teflon tape to the outside thread and screw both threaded fittings together by hand. After tightening the connection manually, use an open-ended spanner to tighten the connection a further two turns at most. Do not turn the fittings back as this could cause leakage. Make the connection to the Wavin Tigris pipe as described above. Do not rotate the Wavin Tigris gas pipe after pressing. A liquid gasket can be used instead of Teflon tape. The gasket material must always comply with approval specification no. 31. A gasket with the GASTEC QA label satisfies this approval specification.

we advise you to contact Wavin to check the chemical resistance to the substance in question. Horizontal pipes must run at least 50 mm above a floor to reduce the risk of damage. Wavin Tigris gas pipes are resistant to condensed water that could fall on the pipe. The fittings must be protected from condensation.

2. A sealing test at low pressure. The purpose of this test is to determine whether the connections are completely gas tight. Some connections can be gas tight at high pressure but leak at a low pressure. At high pressure, the O-ring is compressed so strongly that it may seal minor damage to the pipe surface (scratches). At low pressure, the pressure on the O-ring is less which means that any damage is not sealed. Gas tightness at 5 bar is therefore no guarantee of gas tightness at operating pressure. The sealing test is performed with air

3.7. Pressure testing

Each gas pipe must be submitted to a pressure test after installation. Pressure testing is done in two steps: 1. A strength test with an air pressure of 5 bar for 10 seconds. The main purpose of this test is to ensure that connections do not come apart, for example because they have not been pressed.

or nitrogen for at least 3 minutes at a test pressure of 125 mbar (nominal operating pressure + 100 mbar). No drop in pressure is permitted during this test. A change in ambient temperature and barometric pressure can influence the manometer reading. These two quantities must therefore be constant during the test. The connections must be visible during the sealing test. After fitting the appliances, the complete gas installation as a whole must be tested to ensure it is leak proof with natural gas at operating pressure. After closing the main valve, the pressure must not drop by more than 1 mbar during the test time of 3 minutes.

3.6. Protecting against external influences

Gas pipes in general, and therefore also Wavin Tigris gas pipes, must not be exposed to direct sunlight or other sources of heat. High concentrations of ozone can affect the rubber seals of the press fittings. Wavin Tigris gas pipes must therefore not be laid near appliances that can emit a considerable amount of ozone; particularly appliances with electrical discharges such as some types of electric motors and fluorescent tubes. As Wavin Tigris gas pipes are mainly made of plastic, they are highly resistant to a large number of chemical substances. If it is likely that specific chemical substances could come into contact with the Wavin Tigris gas pipe,

A plastic pipe with connections can creep during the pressure test. This means that during and after an increase in pressure to the pipes, the pipe will expand leading to a drop in pressure even though there is no leak. Always take the required precautions with a view to safety. The stored energy with large pipe sections can be high enough that an improperly secured cap or fitting can shoot loose at high speed.



Wavin Tigris Gas manual

Technical data / Branches

4. Technical data / Branches

4.1. Technical data for the Wavin PE-X/Al gas pipe system

Pipe composition

Inner pipe: cross-linked PE (PE-Xc) Outer pipe: cross-linked PE (PE-Xb) Intermediate layer: aluminium pipe without overlap All layers bonded with a special adhesive

Pipe colour Fittings Colour of threaded fittings O-ring material Maximum temperature Linear thermal expansion coefficient of the pipe Resistance of the pipe to heat conduction Pipe roughness

Yellow Brass Brass/yellow NBR 95C

0.0250.030 mm/mK 0.4 W/mK 0.007 mm




Wavin Tigris Gas


Product range: Wavin supplies plastic pipe systems with a complete range of fittings for the following areas of application: Drinking water distribution Gas transport and distribution Pressure sewerage systems including pump sumps External sewers including plastic inspection chambers, plastic gullies Domestic soil and waste systems Sanitary and heating systems Rainwater drainage and roof guttering Rainwater systems Rainwater infiltration units PE drainage Electrical systems Cable ducting Industrial pipes Glass fibre reinforced plastic pipes Drainage Linear drainage systems

2009 Wavin Netherlands B.V. The information presented in this manual is based on our current knowledge and experience. Nevertheless, we accept no liability for the consequences of any errors or omissions contained herein. Sections of the contents must only be copied if the source is acknowledged.
0509 09-097 4029866

Wa v i n Ov e r s e as Rollepaal 19 7701 BR Dedemsvaart PO Box 158 7700 AD Dedemsvaart, The Netherlands Telephone +31 (0)523-624 911 Fax +31 (0)523-2624 600 Internet E-mail