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Powers of 2 Table

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http://www.vaughns-1-pagers.com/computer/powers-of-2.htm

Computer Summaries
Computer Math

Vaughn's Summaries

Powers of 2 Table
Here is a brief summary chart illustrating the
mathematical powers of two, shown in binary, decimal,
and hexadecimal notation.
Here is this file in Adobe Acrobat format - powersof-2.pdf
The table goes up to the 64th power of two.
This power-of-2 chart is grouped into 8-bit-long
computer bytes and 16-bit word organization, showing
address space vs. numbered bit lines.

30

100

60

30

80

80

30

Powers of 2 Table
Highest Number Count

Computer Hardware
Address Organization

Bit
Line

Powers
of 2

Binary
Bit Weight
in Decimal

Decimal

Hexadecimal

Binary

20

0001

0000 0001

0003

0000 0011

22

0007

0000 0111

23

15

000F

0000 1111

24

16

31

001F

0001 1111

25

32

63

003F

0011 1111

64

127

007F

0111 1111

27

128

255

00FF

1111 1111

Number Exponent

(Memory Address)

28

256

511

0000 01FF

0001 1111 1111

10

512

1,023

0000 03FF

0011 1111 1111

11

210

1,024

2,047

0000 07FF

0111 1111 1111

12

211

2,048

4,095

0000 0FFF

1111 1111 1111

13

212

4,096

8,191

0000 1FFF

etc.

14

213

8,192

16,383

0000 3FFF

etc.

15

214

16,384

32,767

0000 7FFF

etc.

16

215

32,768

65,535

0000 FFFF

17

16

65,536

131,071

0001 FFFF

18

217

131,072

262,143

0003 FFFF

19

218

262,144

524,287

0007 FFFF

20

219

524,288

1,048,575

000F FFFF

21

220

1,048,576

2,097,151

001F FFFF

22

221

2,097,152

4,194,303

003F FFFF

23

222

4,194,304

8,388,607

007F FFFF

24

223

8,388,608

16,777,215

00FF FFFF

Bytes

Words

First byte
(8 lines
can count
to 255)
First word
(16 bits)
(if little
endian)
Second byte
(16 lines
can count
to 65,535)

Second
word
(32 bits)

Third byte
(24 lines
can count
to 16.7M)

(if little
endian)

8/13/2013 11:11 AM

Powers of 2 Table

2 of 3

http://www.vaughns-1-pagers.com/computer/powers-of-2.htm

25

224

16,777,216

33,554,431

01FF FFFF

26

225

33,554,432

67,108,863

03FF FFFF

27

226

67,108,864

134,217,727

07FF FFFF

28

27

134,217,728

268,435,455

0FFF FFFF

29

28

268,435,456

536,870,911

1FFF FFFF

30

229

536,870,912

1,073,741,823

3FFF FFFF

31

230

1,073,741,824

2,147,483,647

7FFF FFFF

32

231

2,147,483,648

4,294,967,295

FFFF FFFF

Fourth byte
(32 lines
can count
to 4.2B)
(4 Gigabytes)
32-bit
machine
limitation

This is the 32-bit machine addressing limitation, unless double-words or extra bits are used.
Although a reputed "Google wall", regarding the number of web pages that can be indexed,
Google now reports over 16 Billion pages indexed.
33

232

4,294,967,296

8,589,934,591

etc.

34

233

8,589,934,592

17,179,869,183

etc.

35

234

17,179,869,184

34,359,738,367

etc.

36

235

34,359,738,368

68,719,476,735

etc.

37

36

68,719,476,736

137,438,953,471

38

237

137,438,953,472

274,877,906,943

39

238

274,877,906,944

549,755,813,887

40

239

549,755,813,888 1,099,511,627,775

41

240

1,099,511,627,776 2,199,023,255,551

42

241

2 Trillion

4,398,046,511,103

43

242

4 Trillian

etc.

44

243

9 Trillion

etc.

45

44

18 Trillion

46

245

35 Trillion

47

246

70 Trillion

70,368,744,177,664

48

247

140 Trillion

49

248

281 Trillion

50

249

563 Trillion

51

250

One Quadrillion

52

251

2 Quadrillion

53

252

4 Quadrillion

54

253

9 Quadrillion

55

54

18 Quadrillion

18,014,398,509,482,000

56

255

36 Quadrillion

57

256

72 Quadrillion

58

257

144 Quadrillion

59

58

288 Quadrillion

59

576 Quadrillion

60

Fifth byte
(40 lines)

Third
word
(48 bits)

Sixth byte
(48 lines)

Fourth
word
(64 bits)

Seventh
Byte
(56 lines)

Eighth byte
(64 lines)

8/13/2013 11:11 AM

Powers of 2 Table

3 of 3

http://www.vaughns-1-pagers.com/computer/powers-of-2.htm

61

260

One Quintillion

62

261

Two Quintillion

63

262

(63 lines can count to 4.6 quintillion)


4,611,686,018,4xx,xxx,xxx
4.6 x 1018
(approx. weight of the EARTH in
Tons)

64

263

9.2 quintillion
64-bit
machine
limitation

(64 lines can count to 9.2 quintillion)


9,223,372,036,xxx,xxx,xxx
50

60

120- 770

110

100

110

90

80

DISCLAIMER
Although the author has tried to be as accurate as
possible, errors are possible.
I could not find an online chart like the above. So, I
made this Powers of 2 Chart, to help myself visualize
the inner workings of a data computer. I hope that it
helps you.

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Tags: powers-of-2 table, computer byte values
Vaughn's Summaries
2003, 2004, 2007 Vaughn Aubuchon
www.vaughns-1-pagers.com
All Rights Reserved
This Vaughns Powers-of-Two Table web page
was last updated on 2013-08-05.

8/13/2013 11:11 AM