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1

II B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, November/December 2005

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Production Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. A round steel bar 25 mm diameter and 360 mm long is placed concentrically within

a brass tube which has an outside diameter of 35 mm and an inside diameter of

27.5 mm. The length of the tube exceeds, that of the bar by 0.15 mm. Rigid plates

are placed on the ends of the tube, through which an axial compressive force of 80

KN is applied on the compound bar. Determine the compressive stresses in the bar

and tube. E for steel = 2.1×105 N/mm2 . E for brass = 105 N/mm2 . [16]

diameter and 30 mm inner diameter. Both the rod and tube are 450 mm long. The

compound rod is held between two stops which are exactly 450 mm apart and the

temperature of the bar is raised by 700 C. [16]

(a) Find the stresses in the rod and tube if the distance between the stops is

increased by 0.30 mm.

(b) Find the increase in the distance between the stops if the force exerted between

them is 90 kN

Eb = 90kN/mm2 ; αb = 2.1 × 10−5 per 0 C

over the entire length. The beam is simply supported on two supports 6m apart.

Find the position of the supports, so that the BM on the beam is as small as

possible. Also draw the SF and BM diagrams. [16]

4. (a) State the assumptions involved in the theory of simple bending. [6]

(b) Derive the Bending equation from fist principle. [10]

5. (a) A beam of length L is supported at each end with a couple applied at an in-

termediate point. Deduce an expression for the deflection and hence calculate

the deflection at the point of application of the moment. [8]

(b) A beam of length L carries a uniformly distributed load w/unit length and

rests on three supports, two at the ends and one in the middle. Find how much

the middle support be lower than the end ones in order that the pressures on

the three supports shall be equal. [8]

6. (a) Explain why ‘wire wound their cylinders’ are more efficient than ‘ordinary thin

cylinders’. [6]

1 of 2

Code No: RR220304 Set No. 1

(b) A seamless pipe of 1m diameter is carrying a fluid under a pressure of 10

N/mm2 . Calculate the necessary thickness of the pipe, if the maximum allow-

able stress in the pipe material is 100 N/mm2 . [10]

7. (a) Define slenderness ratio. State the limitations of Euler’s formula. [4]

(b) Derive an expression for the Rankine’s crippling load for a column. [8]

(c) How will you justify the Rankine’s formula is applicable for all lengths of

columns, ranging from short to long columns. [4]

8. (a) A shaft tapers uniformly from radius r1 at one end to radius r2 at the other

end in a length of L. Show that the angle of twist for the shaft under a uniform

torque T is given by

h 2 i

TL r1 + r1 r2 + r22

θ = 32 GJ r3r3

[6]

1 2

(b) A torque of 3.3kNm acts on the cross section of a solid circular shaft, 80mm

diameter. What is the bending moment which can act on this section in

addition to the given torque so that the maximum shear stress is 60MPa and

maximum normal stress is 100MPa? Calculate the maximum and minimum

principal stresses for this combination of torque and bending moment. [10]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR220304 Set No. 2

II B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, November/December 2005

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Production Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

i. Normal stress

ii. Tangential stress

iii. Ductility

iv. Brittleness.

(b) A flat steel plate is of trapezoidal form of uniform thickness ‘t’. Its width at

one end is ‘a’ and at the other end is ‘b’. If its length is ‘L’, determine its

elongation under an axial pull. [10]

2. A steel rod 28 mm diameter is fixed concentrically in a brass tube of 42 mm outer

diameter and 30 mm inner diameter. Both the rod and tube are 450 mm long. The

compound rod is held between two stops which are exactly 450 mm apart and the

temperature of the bar is raised by 700 C. [16]

(a) Find the stresses in the rod and tube if the distance between the stops is

increased by 0.30 mm.

(b) Find the increase in the distance between the stops if the force exerted between

them is 90 kN

Take ES = 200kN/mm2 ; αS = 11.2 × 10−6 per 0 C

Eb = 90kN/mm2 ; αb = 2.1 × 10−5 per 0 C

3. (a) Define statically determinate and statically indeterminate beams. Give exam-

ples. [6]

(b) A cantilever beam of length 2m carries a uniformly distributed load of 2 kN/m

over the whole length and a point load of 3 kN at the free end. Draw the SF

and BM diagrams. [10]

4. (a) A water main 110mm internal diameter is made of mild steel plate 12mm thick

and is running full. If it is freely supported at the ends find the maximum

permissible span if the bending stress is not to exceed 5MPa. Unit weight if

steel is 81 kN/m3 and unit weight of water = 9.8 kN/m3 . [10]

(b) State the assumptions involved in the theory of simple bending. [6]

5. A beam A B of span 6 meters and of flexural rigidity EI = 8 ×104 kN − m2 is

subjected to a clockwise couple of 60 kN-m at a distance of 4 m from the left end.

Find the deflection at the point of application of the couple and the maximum

deflection and slope. [16 ]

1 of 2

Code No: RR220304 Set No. 2

6. (a) Derive the formula for the hoop stress in a thin cylindrical shell subjected to

an internal pressure. [7]

(b) A gas cylinder of thickness 25 mm and has an internal diameter of 1500 mm.

The tensile stress in the gas cylinder material is not to exceed 100 N/mm2 .

Calculate the allowable internal pressure of the gas inside the cylinder. [9]

7. Derive an expression for the Euler’s crippling load for a long column with following

end conditions: [16]

(b) both ends are fixed.

450kW at 4/3 Hz. There is, at the same time, a bending moment of 30kN-m and

an end thrust of 250kN. Find

(b) the maximum shear stress and its plane [6]

(c) the stress, which acting alone, will produce the same maximum strain. Take

poisson’s ratio = 0.3 [4]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR220304 Set No. 3

II B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, November/December 2005

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Production Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

(b) A steel bar 1.6 m long is acted upon by forces as shown in the Figure1. Find

the elongation of the bar. Take E = 2.1X108 KN/m2 . [10]

Figure 1:

2. (a) Draw stress-strain diagram for mild steel specimen tested under uni-axial ten-

sion till fracture and mark all the salient points. [8]

(b) A metallic rod of 1 cm diameter, when tested under an axial pull of 10 kN was

found to reduce its diameter by 0.0003 cm. The modulus of rigidity for the

rod is 51 kN/mm2 . Find the Poisson’s ratio, modulus of elasticity and Bulk

Modulus. [8]

3. An overhanging beam of length 7m is supported centrally at two points 5m apart.

It carries a uniformly increasing load of 400 N/m from the left end to 800 N/m at

the midspan. It also carries a point load of 1000N at the right end. Draw the SF

and BM diagrams and locate the point(s) of contra flexure. [16]

4. (a) State the assumptions involved in the theory of simple bending. [6]

(b) Derive the Bending equation from fist principle. [10]

5. (a) A girder of uniform section and constant depth is freely supported over a span

of 2.5 meters. Calculate the central deflection and slopes at the ends of the

beam under a central load of 25 kN. Given: I XX = 7.807 × 10−6 m4 and E =

200 GN/m2 . [8]

(b) A simply supported 6 meters long rolled steel joist carries a uniformly dis-

tributed load of 9.5 kN/meter length. Determine slope and deflection at a

distance of 3 meters from one end of the beam. [8]

6. A 2.4 m internal diameter and 6 m high vertical steam boiler is constructed with

20 mm thick plates for a working pressure of 1.1 N/mm2 . The end plates are flat

and are not stayed. Calculate

1 of 2

Code No: RR220304 Set No. 3

(a) the stress in the circumferential plates due to resisting the bursting effect and

the stress in the circumferential plate due to the pressure on the end plates.

[8]

(b) the increase in length, diameter and volume. [8]

7. (a) Define slenderness ratio. State the limitations of Euler’s formula. [4]

(b) Derive an expression for the Rankine’s crippling load for a column. [8]

(c) How will you justify the Rankine’s formula is applicable for all lengths of

columns, ranging from short to long columns. [4]

450kW at 4/3 Hz. There is, at the same time, a bending moment of 30kN-m and

an end thrust of 250kN. Find

(b) the maximum shear stress and its plane [6]

(c) the stress, which acting alone, will produce the same maximum strain. Take

poisson’s ratio = 0.3 [4]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR220304 Set No. 4

II B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, November/December 2005

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Production Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Distinguish between : stress and strain, normal stress and shear stress, working

stress and yield stress. [6]

(b) An aluminium bar 60 mm diameter when subjected to an axial tensile load 100

kN elongates 0.20 mm in a gage length 300 mm and the diameter is decreased

by 0.012 mm. Calculate the modulus of elasticity and the Poisson’s ratio of

the material. [10]

diameter and 30 mm inner diameter. Both the rod and tube are 450 mm long. The

compound rod is held between two stops which are exactly 450 mm apart and the

temperature of the bar is raised by 700 C. [16]

(a) Find the stresses in the rod and tube if the distance between the stops is

increased by 0.30 mm.

(b) Find the increase in the distance between the stops if the force exerted between

them is 90 kN

Eb = 90kN/mm2 ; αb = 2.1 × 10−5 per 0 C

(b) A simply supported beam of length 5m carries a uniformly increasing load of

800 N/m run at one end to 1600 N/m run at the other end. Draw the S.F.

and B.M. diagrams for the beam. [12]

4. (a) Derive the bending equation from first principles. State the assumptions in-

volved. [8]

(b) A cast iron beam is of I section having top flange of 80 mm wide and 20 mm

thick and web of height 210 mm and thickness of web is 20 mm. The button

flange is 180 mm wide and 40 mm thick. The beam is simply supported on a

span of 5 m. If the tensile stress is not to exceed 20 MPa, find the safe udl

which the beam can carry. Also find the max compressive stress. Show the

bending stress diagram. [8]

5. (a) What is moment area method? Explain the two Mohr’s theorems, as applica-

ble to the slope and deflection of a beam. [6]

1 of 2

Code No: RR220304 Set No. 4

(b) A cantilever of uniform cross-section of length l carries two point loads, W at

the free end and 2W at a distance a from the free end. Find the maximum

deflection due to this loading. [10]

6. (a) Define pressure vessel and discuss the most important considerations while

designing pressure vessel. [6]

(b) A boiler shell is made of 15 mm thick plate having a limiting tensile stress

of 125 N/mm2 . If the longitudinal and circumferential efficiencies are 70%

and 60% respectively, determine the maximum diameter of the shell. The

allowable maximum pressure is 2.2 N/mm2 . [10]

7. Derive an expression for the Euler’s crippling load for a long column with following

end conditions: [16]

(b) both ends are fixed.

8. An open coiled helical spring is made out of 10 mm diameter steel rod, the coils

having 10 complete turns, and a mean diameter 80 mm, the angle of helix 150 .

Calculate the deflection under an axial load of 250 N and the maximum intensities

of direct and shear stresses induced in the section of the wire. If the axial load of

250 N is replaced by an axial torque of 6 N.m, calculate the angle of rotation about

axis of the coil and actual deflection. N=0.85×105 N/mm2 and E=2.5×105 N/mm2 .

[16]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

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