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ABSTRAK

Kebisingan merupakan bunyi yang tidak dikehendaki sehingga dapat menimbulkan gangguan konsentrasi, komunikasi, kenikmatan kerja dan ketulian menetap. The Enviromental Protection Agency memperkirakan bahwa lebih 9 juta pekerja industri manufaktur di Indonesia terpapar bising di atas 85 dB (A). Di PT. Atmindo Jalan K.L. Yos Sudarso, Medan, ada 7 lokasi pada bagian proses yang memiliki nilai ambang batas kebisingan di atas 85 dB, berkisar di antara 86-90 dB yaitu bagian membrane, drum boiler, rool, press, bubut, pipa, maintenance. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis pengaruh terpajan kebisingan (intensitas, frekuensi, masa kerja, alat pelindung diri dan umur ) terhadap daya dengar. Jenis penelitian ini adalah survei analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional studi. Sampel penelitian adalah seluruh populasi yang berjumlah 35 orang. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan pengukuran kebisingan di lingkungan kerja dan pengukuran audiometrik tenaga kerja. Analisis data dilakukan dengan uji regresi linear ganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa intensitas bising, frekuensi bising, masa kerja, alat pelindung diri dan umur memengaruhi penurunan daya dengar telinga kanan dan kiri pekerja secara signifikan. Alat pelindung diri adalah variabel yang paling berpengaruh terhadap penurunan daya dengar pekerja. Manajemen perusahaan disarankan untuk mengadakan pelatihan dan penyuluhan tentang Alat Pelindung Diri (APD) dan meningkatkan pengawasan terhadap kedisiplinan pekerja dalam memakai APD serta membuat kebijakan pembagian shif sesuai standart . Kata kunci : Daya Dengar, Terpajan Kebisingan

Universitas Sumatera Utara

ABSTRACT

Noise is unwanted sound that can cause impaired concentration, communication, enjoyment of work and settle deafness. The Environmental Protection Agency estimates that over 9 million workers in the Indonesian manufacturing industry exposed to noise above 85 dB (A). At PT. Atmindo Road K.L. Yos Sudarso, Medan, there were 7 locations in the process that had a noise threshold values above 85 dB, ranging between 86-90 dB, which is part of the membrane, drum boilers, rool, presses, lathes, pipe, maintenance. The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of noise exposure (intensity, frequency, working of period, personal protective equipment and age) on the hearing ability. The study was an analytic survey with cross sectional study. The samples were all population total 35 people. Data collected by the measurement noise in the workplace and labor audiometrik measurement. The data were analyzed multiple linear regression. Result of the research showed that the intensity noise, frequency noise, working of period, personal protective equipment and age influenced on the right and left ear workers hearing decrease significantly. Personal protective equipment was the most influential variables on the workers hearing decrease. The management companies is suggested to conduct training and education about Self Protective Equipment (PPE) and increase the supervision of discipline workers in the use of PPE, make a standart shif policy Key words : Hearing Ability, Noise Exposure

Universitas Sumatera Utara