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Construction Manual No.

43A
(See Manual No. 43A-M for the Metric Version)

Adjustable Metal Scaffold

By: D. Sullivan / A. Haynes


2004 COPYRIGHT BY CHICAGO BRIDGE AND IRON CO. All rights reserved The information contained herein is proprietary and confidential. All documents remain the property of Chicago Bridge and Iron Company and are to be used only in connection with the performance of work by Chicago Bridge and Iron Company. This manual, and any information contained herein, shall not be disclosed to any person other than employees of Chicago Bridge and Iron Company or one of its affiliated companies. Reproduction in whole or part is expressly forbidden.

Rewritten July 2004

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Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS) Table of Contents
1.0

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Introduction (A Formal General Description of the AMS) History Closing Hollow Polygon Made of 30 Trapezoidal Platforms Minimum Annular Space Overall Bracket Length

1.1 1.2 Figure 1-1 Figure 1-2 Figure 1-3

2.0

Project Manager Decisions Regulations Comparisons Cost Comparisons Labor Cost Comparisons Equipment Cost Comparisons Environmental Comparisons Wind Protection Shipping Cubage Comparisons Regulation Comparisons Sample Equipment Costs Shipping Cubage for B&B Scaffold vs. AMS Two Shipping Racks Inside a 40 Flat Rack

2.1 2.2 2.2.1 2.2.2 2.3 2.3.1 2.4 Table 2-1 Table 2-2 Table 2-3 Figure 2-1 3.0

Glossary & Figures Glossary Figures of AMS Parts Plan View of a Complete Scaffold With (10) 3-Hinged Scaffold Sections 3-Hinged Scaffold Section Set at the 12 Degree Minimum 2-Hinged Scaffold Section Set at the 12 Degree Minimum Side View of AMS on Inside Tank Side View of AMS on Outside Tank Spacer and Tie Down Make-Up Section (Regular & Short) Trap Door Ladder Assembly Lifting Assembly Lifting Bridle AMS Raising Trolley Dual Handrail Post Support

3.1 3.2 Figure 3-1 Figure 3-2 Figure 3-3 Figure 3-4 Figure 3-5 Figure 3-6 Figure 3-7 Figure 3-8 Figure 3-9 Figure 3-10 Figure 3-11 Figure 3-12

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3.0 Glossary & Figures (continued) Figure 3-13 Figure 3-14 Figure 3-15 Figure 3-16 Figure 3-17 Figure 3-18 Figure 3-19 Figure 3-20A Figure 3-20B 4.0 4.0.1 4.0.2 4.1 4.2 4.2.1 4.2.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.5.1 4.5.2 4.5.3 4.5.4 4.5.5 4.6 4.6.1 4.6.2 4.6.3 4.6.4 4.6.5 4.6.6 4.7 4.8 4.8.1 4.8.2

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Gate Strap Assembly Long Handrail Assembly Short Handrail Assembly Make-up Handrail Assembly End Gate Handrail Assembly Shipping Rack Assembly Crane Method Used For Jumping Scaffold Trolley Method Used For Jumping Scaffold Trolley Method Used For Jumping Scaffold

Erection Procedure Preliminary Shell Attachments (Bracket Straps) Installation Splices Between Scaffold Sections Splice Between Scaffold Sections Without a Make-up Section Splice Between Scaffold Sections With a Make-up Section General for Jumping an AMS Section Jumping Methods (The Trolley Method and The Crane Method) Jumping the First Section Preparations For Jumping Lifting the Section Out of the Lower Straps: Bracket Strap Clean-Up While on The Suspended Scaffold Section Stabbing the Bracket Into The Upper Straps Temporary Placement of the Make-up Section Jumping the Second Scaffold Section Preparations For Lifting Lifting the Section Out of the Lower Straps Bracket Strap Clean-Up While on The Suspended Scaffold Section Stabbing the Bracket Into The Upper Straps Erect Tank Erection Ladders Placement of the Make-up Section or Connecting Section to Section Jumping The Rest of The Scaffold Sections Jumping The AMS Scaffold Sections From Inside the Tank to Outside The Tank Preliminary Shell Attachments (Bracket Straps)

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Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS) Table of Contents
4.0 Erection Procedure (continued)

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4.8.3 4.8.4 Figure 4-1 Figure 4-2 Figure 4-3 Figure 4-4 Figure 4-5 Figure 4-6 Figure 4-7 Figure 4-8 Figure 4-9 Figure 4-10 Figure 4-11 Figure 4-12 Figure 4-13A Figure 4-13B Figure 4-14 Figure 4-15 Figure 4-16 Figure 4-17 Figure 4-18 Figure 4-19 Figure 4-20 Figure 4-21 Figure 4-22 Figure 4-23 Figure 4-24 Figure 4-25 Figure 4-26 Figure 4-27 Figure 4-28 Figure 4-29 Figure 4-30 Figure 4-31

Installation of First Section Installation of Second Section Shipping Rack Assembly Scaffold Section Handling Bracket Strap Lay Out Plan View of Chord Layout Plan View of Arc Layout Welding of Bracket Straps Inside Scaffold Side View Outside Scaffold Side View Completed Scaffold on 1st Ring Splice Scaffold Sections Splice Scaffold Sections Side View Using 2L1-19-A Vert Ladder Trolley Method For Scaffold Jumping (shown inside) Trolley Method For Scaffold Jumping (shown inside) Crane Method For Scaffold Jumping Scaffold with Make-up Pulled Back Prepare Scaffold Section For Jumping Side View of End Gate Scaffold Section Jumping Scaffold Section Jumped to Upper Straps Install Make-up Bracket in Upper Strap Second Scaffold Section To Jump Side View of End Gate Trolley Method Scaffold Jumping (shown inside) Crane Method Scaffold Jumping Scaffold Section Jumping Jumped Second Scaffold Section Complete Second Scaffold Section Outside Bracket Strap Layout Scaffold Section Handling Scaffold Section Side View Scaffold Section Handling

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5.0

Quantity Calculation for Inside Tank Scaffold AMS Quantity Calculation AMS Quantity Calculation With No Make-ups Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections With No Make-ups

Table 5-A Table 5-B Chart 5-A Chart 5-B 6.0

Quantity Calculation for Outside Tank Scaffold AMS Quantity Calculation AMS Quantity Calculation With No Make-ups Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections With No Make-ups

Table 6-A Table 6-B Chart 6-A Chart 6-B 7.0

Example Layouts For Inside Tank Scaffold Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 103-3 13/16 ID Tank Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 106-10 11/16 ID Tank Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 136-3 ID Tank Layout Sequence for 103-3 13/16 ID Tank Layout Sequence for 106-10 11/16 ID Tank Layout Sequence for 136-3 ID Tank

7.1 7.2 7.3 Figure 7-1 Figure 7-2 Figure 7-3 8.0

Example Layouts For Outside Tank Scaffold Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 96-2 OD Tank Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 99-10 OD Tank Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 129-0 OD Tank Layout Sequence for 96-2 1/2 OD Tank Layout Sequence for 99-10 OD Tank Layout Sequence for 129-0 OD Tank

8.1 8.1 8.3 Figure 8-1 Figure 8-2 Figure 8-3 9.0

Tool List Quantities & Weights Tool List Quantity & Weight Table Tool List Quantity & Weight

9.1 Table 9-1

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10.0

Jobsite Photographs Testing The Hinges Testing The Platform Scaffold Staged on Ground Scaffold Outside and Inside Hinges Scaffold Swinging Hinge Plates Dual Handrail Post Support at Rigid Handrail Spacer Installation Scaffold Jumping Lifting D-Rings 3-Hinged Scaffold Section Rigged for Jumping Scaffold Hinge Load Test Scaffold Platform Load Test Scaffold Staged on Ground Inside Adjustable Hinge & Outside Hinge Splice Between Scaffold Sections Dual Handrail Posts Spacer Installation Jumping a 3-Hinged Scaffold Section Scaffold Section Lifting D-Rings Jumping a 3-Hinged Scaffold Section

10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 10.7 10.8 10.9 10.10 Figure 10-1 Figure 10-2 Figure 10-3 Figure 10-4 Figure 10-5 Figure 10-6 Figure 10-7 Figure 10-8 Figure 10-9 Figure 10-10

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Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS) Introduction
1.0 Introduction

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In general terms scaffolding is used to obtain temporary access to work areas. The requirement of a good scaffold is that it provides safe and easy access to the work, complies with government regulations, and is easily erected and moved. The specific scaffold that is used for building tanks is conveniently referred to as the Tank Builders Scaffold, and for its design and use, CB&I uses those rules established by the U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA). OSHAs definition of a Tank builders' scaffold is: A supported scaffold consisting of a platform resting on brackets that are either directly attached to a cylindrical tank or attached to devices that are attached to such a tank. Such scaffolds have been developed by CB&I. For tank building CB&I uses basically (3) three scaffolding methods: 1. Board and Bracket (B&B) Scaffold: The B&B scaffold is the most common type of the Tank builders scaffold. The use of this type scaffold is covered in RBS 155-6-92 and other Construction Manuals like Manual 13 or 17. 2. Wind-girder Scaffold: The Wind-girder Scaffold uses the tanks permanent windgirder as a scaffold during tank erection. The use of the Wind-girder Scaffold is explained in the second and third parts of Construction Manual 43. 3. Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS): The AMS is explained here in this Construction Manual and the fabrication details of the AMS are shown in the 2L33 series of CB&I standard drawings. A Formal General Description of the Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS) is: The AMS is a 30 wide scaffold platform resting and secured on standard tank builder brackets. The AMS is made up of at least (30) thirty trapezoidal platforms that when placed end-to-end form a 30 wide platform with the shape of a hollow polygon. This hollow polygon has inside and outside vertices and at these vertices are hinges. Unless there is a make-up used, the distance between adjacent outside hinges is fixed at 10- 4 . Using sliding plates, the distance between adjacent inside hinges changes with the addition of trapezoidal platforms. Rotation at the hinges allows the addition of platforms. The distance

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from the hollow polygons center to the inside hinge is the inside radius, and from the center to the outside hinge is the outside radius. Adding additional platforms allows the AMS to inscribe any cylindrical tank with a diameter greater than 100, or to circumscribe any cylindrical tank with a diameter greater than 92.75. See Figure 1-1. A less formal way to understand the AMS is to compare the AMS to a carnival snake with its ability to flex at each joint and curve sideways around a cylinder without sagging downward. Sometimes the AMSs slang name is the Serpent. The AMS can be used on the inside shell of any tank with an inside diameter equal to or over 100-0. The AMS can be used on the outside shell of any tank with an outside diameter equal to or over 92-9.

Figure 1-1 Hollow Polygon Made of 30 Trapezoidal Platforms

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Not including scaffold brackets, the minimum annular space that the AMS can fit into is 37 . See Figure 1-2.

Figure 1-2 Minimum Annular Space When including scaffold brackets, the minimum annular space that the AMS can fit into is 41 . This is due to the overall length of the bracket. See Figure 1-3.

Figure 1-3 Overall Bracket Length

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Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS) Introduction
1.1 History

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Beginning in 1973 there was an effort by CB&I employees J.E. Vaughn from Construction Services-Houston and W.B. Dixon from New Castle, Delaware to develop a re-useable metal scaffold for tank erection. The research was done, opinions made, and after many trials the company eventually applied for a U.S. patent. The very first drawings of the scaffold carried the name Dixon Scaffold but during patent application the name was changed to Adjustable Metal Scaffold. The scaffold is still today nicknamed the Dixon Scaffold, but its official name is the Adjustable Metal Scaffold. In 1975 CB&I was granted Patent Number 3,908,793. The AMS design has not changed much over the years, but renewed interest has led to certain improvements. Some of those few improvements were to: 1. Change to current material specifications. 2. Improve the durability of the hinges. It is important to note that hinges of all AMS assemblies must be fabricated to the current drawings. 3. Add a two-hinged scaffold section as a standard assembly. The original design only had a three-hinged scaffold section. 4. Reduce the size of the make-up pieces and remove the make-up piece hinge. With the addition of the two-hinged scaffold section, the make-up pieces were made smaller and easier to handle. Note that make-up pieces are not always needed. 5. Provide rigging points on the hinges and remove any other lifting holes. 6. Provide another set of Lifting D-rings for the 2L33-16-A Lifting Assemblies that are used during the jumping of the AMS on the outside of the tank shell. 7. Add the option to use a rigid handrail. 8. Develop a Shipping Rack to hold at least (8) three-hinged scaffold sections. 1.2 Closing

This manual deals only with the use of the Adjustable Metal Scaffold. When the AMS is used while erecting a tank it is expected that the tank erector will be a competent person and that person will have the knowledge necessary to safely complete the tank erection. That competent person will provide all training necessary for the successful use of the AMS. Also, that competent person will be aware of the rules governing the guying of the tank shell for wind protection, as addressed in Manual 13, part 3.9, and it is understood that the use of the AMS will not alter those rules in any way.

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Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS) Project Manager Decisions
2.0 Project Manager Decisions

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Every job is different and all the factors to consider when determining which type of Tank Builders Scaffold to use cannot be determined only from information in a manual. The Project Manager will have to make this decision using what is known about a specific job and using the guideline information presented in this part of the manual. It has been the consensus that, when all other factors are equal and a tank is to be built with a permanent wind-girder that is wide enough to use as a scaffold, the Wind-girder Scaffold method should be the first choice for the Tank Builders Scaffold. The other two scaffold choices are the Board & Bracket (B&B) scaffold method and the Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS) method. Whether to use the B&B scaffold method or the AMS method is the Project Managers choice. 2.1 Regulations Comparisons

The Tank Builders Board and Bracket (B&B) Scaffold is very prevalent and its use is explained in Red Book Standard 155-6-9-2. For quick reference the government regulations for Tank Builders Scaffold are listed in Table 2-1. These regulations were written mostly with the thoughts of using a B&B scaffold and some of the items in the regulations may not be applicable to the AMS even though the AMS meets the definition of a Tank builders scaffold. The right hand side of the table has comments on how the regulations apply to the AMS. Table 2-1 Regulation Comparisons Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS) Applicability The spacing will vary but it should never be over 10-5 1/2. There are toe boards so a physical barricade is not needed but the signs are still valid.

The Tank Builders Board and Bracket (B&B) Scaffold Requirements 1. Maximum spacing of 10'-6" between scaffold brackets and between handrail post. 2. The work area below the scaffold must be barricaded 6 feet from the shell on the scaffold side and "Danger - Overhead Work" signs must be posted at the tank access areas.

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Table 2-1 Regulation Comparisons (continued)

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The Tank Builders Board and Bracket (B&B) Scaffold Requirements 3. Small tools and equipment must be kept in secured tool containers. 4. CB&I Safety Rules require that a third hand-line be installed on all two board inside scaffolds, and on outside scaffolds when gaps between the shell and plank are greater than 12". 5. No more than two people are allowed on one board and no more than three people in one span at the same time. 6. All planking must be secured from movement or overlapped. 7. All hand-lines must be taut and they must be supported a minimum of 42" above the board surface. California requires 45" minimum. Taut is defined as three inches of deflection under hand pressure at midspan. 8. Special ladders such as hook ladders and the AGW access ladders must be designed to provide a first step no more than 24" above the boards. 9. Temporary or permanent ladders used for scaffold access must have a provision for rest at 35 foot intervals or ladder climbing fall protection must be used. The provision for rest may be a trap door, a trap door and 2 scaffold boards, or 2 scaffold boards adjacent to the ladder. In all cases, a double hand-line with all (4) cable ends independently tied to the shell is required. Check your local Safety Supervisor for current models of standard ladder climbing fall protection. Retractable Lifeline systems (sometimes called Yo-yo's) may be used with Safety Department approval of the equipment.

Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS) Applicability This is required but again there are toe boards so risk is reduced. The third hand-line is not needed because the gaps between the AMS and the shell would never be more than 12. There are no boards but the quantity of people in one span would remain the same. There will be no movement and overlapping is not an issue. This will still apply unless the option to use a rigid handrail is used; the rigid handrail will easily meet the taut definition.

This will still be the rule.

This will still apply, but there is a caged rest platform that hangs 6 under the AMS that people stand on just after or prior to going through the trap door. For the AMS this is the 2L33-13-A Trap Door Ladder Assembly.

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Table 2-1 Regulation Comparisons (continued)

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The Tank Builders Board and Bracket (B&B) Scaffold Requirements 10. Training Requirements - Training is required for employees who work on scaffolds as well as those who build and dismantle scaffolds. The Steel Plate Fabricators Association booklet titled Tank Builders Scaffold Guideline is intended for use in training employees. 11. California Requirements The state of California Code of Regulations, Title 8, Section 1645 (d) (6) requires that scaffold platforms on tanks larger than 40 in diameter be at least 30 wide.

Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS) Applicability All the rules in the guideline that can apply will apply.

This requirement is satisfied when using the AMS.

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Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS) Project Manager Decisions
2.2 Cost Comparisons

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The other comparison that the Contract Supervisor must make is the cost. 2.2.1 Labor Cost Comparisons A comparison study made by the CCT Department in February 1977 reported the following: o The B&B scaffold method spends an average of 0.38 man-hours/diameter (ft)/ ring. o The AMS scaffold method spends an average of 0.23 man-hours/diameter (ft)/ ring. An example would be that for a (6) six-ring 150 diameter tank, 342 scaffolding manhours would be spent using the B&B scaffold method, or 207 man-hours would be spent using the AMS method. The scaffold man-hours for the AMS method are 61% of the B&B scaffold method. A more complete review may realize even a greater savings since the AMS raises three brackets at once. 2.2.2 Equipment Cost Comparisons The AMS also acts as a suspended scaffold. After an AMS section is removed from the bracket straps, the AMS is lowered below the straps and the employee, tied off to an independent safety line, rides on the AMS section to remove the bracket strap from the shell. While the AMS section is being jumped and acting as a suspended scaffold, the rules governing its use will be per Red Book Standard 155-6-9-4 Suspension Scaffold Safety. The standard plugging up buggy (2L24-1) would not be needed when using the AMS. The following Table 2-2 is a sample equipment cost comparison between the AMS and the B&B scaffold methods.

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Table 2-2

Sample Equipment Costs

Sample Scaffold Cost Comparison for 6 Ring 159-8 Diameter Tank; Scaffold Inside
Equipment Item Std. Bracket Key Channel* Bull Pin* Bracket Strap Handrail Post Hand-line, 3/8 x 100' 12 Boards J Hooks or Binders* Plug Up Buggy Scaffold trap door AMS 3-hinged Section AMS 3-hinged trap-door section w/ladder AMS 3-hinged make-up AMS Trap Door Ladder Assembly AMS Trolley B&B Method AMS Method Life Cost/ea Cost/job Cost/job Quantity Quantity (jobs) $ $ $ 20 30 10 1 10 1 6 5 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 34.00 30.00 3.75 0.76 35.00 51.93 26.18 2.00 800.00 150.00 390.00 390.00 200.00 100.00 200.00 Total per job= 2 3 6.66 20.00 51 49 98 369 49 6 98 49 1 2 86.70 49.00 36.75 280.44 171.50 311.58 427.61 19.60 26.67 10.00 14 2 182.00 26.00 144 48 6 109.44 168.00 311.58 48 81.60

$1420

$905

Notes: 1. * J hooks are probably replaced by binders but cost is based on the j-hook system assuming that the j hook system material costs are similar to the binder system costs 2. Costs are based on the 1998 CB&I master tool list 3. A job is equal to the use during the erection of one tank

2.3

Environmental Comparisons

2.3.1 Wind Protection o The B&B scaffold offers wind protection up to 40 mph. o The AMS offers wind protection up to 90 mph.

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2.4 Shipping Cubage Comparisons

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The Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS) 3-hinged and 2-hinged sections ship in the 2L3322-A Shipping Rack. Each Shipping Rack is designed to hold (8) scaffold sections and two Shipping Racks will fit in the SEA Container known as the 40 Flat Rack. The cubage of each Shipping Rack is 613 cf. See Figure 2-1.

Figure 2-1 Two Shipping Racks Inside a 40 Flat Rack

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To compare the shipping cubage of the B&B scaffold to the AMS use Table 2-3 Table 2-3 Shipping Cubage for B&B Scaffold vs. AMS Sample Scaffold Weight and Cubage Comparison for 6 Ring 159-8 Diameter Tank; Scaffold Inside
Equipment Item Std. Bracket Key Channel Bull Pin Bracket Strap Handrail Post Hand-line, 3/8 x 100' 12 Boards J Hooks or Binders* Plug Up Buggy Scaffold trap door AMS Shipping Rack AMS 3-hinged Section AMS 3-hinged trap-door sec AMS regular make-up AMS Trap Door Ladder Assy. AMS Trolley BB Method AMS Method Cube/job 96 Weight/ Weight/ Weight/ Cube/ea Quantity Cube/job Quantity ea job job 32 20 1 1 11 40 80 1 1000 57 3447 928 933 92 140 96 2 0.67 0.010 0.03 0.12 4 2 0.15 95 16 613 73 73 8 56 8.5 2 3 280 288 51 49 98 369 49 6 98 49 1 2 1632 980 98 369 539 240 7840 49 1000 114 102 33 1 11 5.9 24 196 7.4 95 32 2 14 2 6894 12992 1866 1226 W/Rack W/Rack W/Rack 112 25.5 96 48 6 96 528 240 2.9 5.8 24 48 1536

20% Allowance for Gaps Total 12861 per job=

102 609 24720

298 1792 CF

Notes: LBS. CF LBS. 1. * J hooks are probably replaced by binders but cubage is based on the j-hook system assuming that the j hook system volume is similar 2. One truck platform or chassis has probably 1800 CF available

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Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS) Glossary and Figures
3.0 Glossary & Figures

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The following are definitions of the terms used in this manual and figures showing the parts of the AMS. 3.1 AF 6AF ARF BC 6BC Glossary The angle factor found in Chart 5-B. Used to determine the chord dimension BC. The angle factor found in Chart 5-B. Used to determine the chord dimension 6BC. The angle factor found in Chart 6-B. Used to determine the arc dimension BA. The chord dimension used to lay out bracket straps on the inside of the tank shell. The chord dimension used to lay out every 7th bracket strap on the inside of the tank shell. Represents the skipping of the 6 chords between the 1st and 7th strap. The chord dimension used to lay out the bracket strap on the inside of the tank shell that supports the make-up section. The arc dimension used to lay out bracket straps on the outside of the tank shell. The arc dimension used to lay out the bracket strap on the outside of the tank shell that supports the make-up section. The open space between a 3-hinged or 2-hinged scaffold sections that must be bridged by the make-up section. A term used to represent the 2-hinged scaffold section (standard drawing mark 2L33-3-A). This section has one whole platform in the middle and two half platforms at each end.

BMC BA BMA GAP H2

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3.1 H3 Glossary (continued)

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The term used to represent the 3-hinged scaffold section (standard drawing mark 2L33-1-A or 2L33-2-A). This section has two whole platforms in the middle and two half platforms at each end. The tank shell inside diameter. The distance between two adjacent inside hinge assemblies. These hinges pivot and slide. The term used to represent how many and in what order the 3-hinged, 2hinged, and make-up sections should be installed on the tank shell. Examples are given in parts 7 & 8. The term for the make-up section that is used to bridge the GAP. The number of AMS platforms in an AMS ring. The tank shell outside diameter. The horizontal radius from the center of an AMS ring to the center of the pin in the outside hinge assembly. The inside radius of the tanks 1st shell ring. Expressed in inches when used in Calculation Tables 5-A and 5-B. The outside radius of the tanks 1st shell ring . Expressed in inches when used in Calculation Tables 6-A and 6-B. The inside radius of the tanks top shell ring. Expressed in inches when used in Calculation Tables 5-A and 5-B. The outside radius of the tanks top shell ring. Expressed in inches when used in Calculation Tables 6-A and 6-B. The horizontal radial distance from the surface of the shell ring to the center of the pin in the outside hinge assembly. If there are NO make-ups to be used, the dimension X is found in Calculation Table 5-B or 6-B.

ID IHC Layout Sequence M N OD OHR TBIR TBOR TTIR TTOR X

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Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS) Glossary and Figures
3.2 Figures of AMS Parts

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Figure 3-1 Plan View of a Complete Scaffold With (10) 3-Hinged Scaffold Sections

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3.2 Figures of AMS Parts (continued)

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Figure 3-2 3-Hinged Scaffold Section Set at the 12 Degree Minimum

Figure 3-3 2-Hinged Scaffold Section Set at the 12 Degree Minimum

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Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS) Glossary and Figures
3.2 Figures of AMS Parts (continued)

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Figure 3-4 Side View of AMS on Inside Tank

Figure 3-5 Side View of AMS on Outside Tank

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3.2 Figures of AMS Parts (continued)

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Figure 3-6 Spacer and Tie Down

Figure 3-7 Make-Up Section (Regular & Short)

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3.2 Figures of AMS Parts (continued)

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Figure 3-8

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3.2 Figures of AMS Parts (continued)

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Figure 3-9

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Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS) Glossary and Figures
3.2 Figures of AMS Parts (continued)

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Figure 3-10 Lifting Bridle

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Figure 3-11

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Figure 3-12

Figure 3-13

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Figure 3-14

Figure 3-15

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Figure 3-16

Figure 3-17

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Figure 3-18

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Figure 3-19 Crane Method Used For Jumping Scaffold


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Figure 3-20A Trolley Method Used For Jumping Scaffold

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Figure 3-20B Trolley Method Used For Jumping Scaffold (View from Figure 3-20A)

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4.0 Erection Procedure

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4.0.1 Preliminary a) Before beginning the layout be sure to complete the applicable Calculation Tables. The Tables to complete are either 5-A or 5-B in part 5, or 6-A or 6-B in part 6. b) Make a note of the dimension IHC. c) For inside tank scaffold, record the chord dimensions 6BC, BC, and BMC. d) For outside tank scaffold, record the arc dimensions BA and BMA. e) Make a sketch of the layout sequence. Examples of Layout Sequences can be found in Part 7 or 8 of this manual. CCT can provide this sketch if desired. f) The scaffold sections should arrive at the jobsite in a 2L33-22-A Shipping Rack. One shipping rack will hold 8 sections. The rack should be lifted from the truck and handled using the rigging provided with the rack. The lifting points are shown in Figure 4-1.

Figure 4-1 Shipping Rack Assembly

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g) Unload the scaffold sections from the shipping rack and place the scaffold sections around the perimeter of the tank as per the layout sequence. One of the 3-hinged sections must have a trap door, and if the tank diameter is over 150, you will need two 3-hinged sections with a trap door. Space the sections with a trap door on opposite sides of the tank. The shipping rack holds 8 sections and the top section in the rack should be a 3-hinged scaffold section with a trap door. A RED Stripe should be painted on the 3-hinged scaffold section with the trap door. h) Remember the outside hinge will be closest to the shell when the AMS is used inside the tank and the inside adjustable hinge will be closest to the shell when the AMS is used outside the tank. See Figures 4-7 and 4-8. i) When placing the sections around the tank, rig the sections using the 5-point lifting bridle with the middle sling attached to one of the D-rings in the middle of the 3hinged section. The other 4 slings will be attached to the lifting eyes on the outboard hinge lugs. If lifting a 2-hinged scaffold section, the middle sling of the 5-point lifting bridle is not used. See Figure 4-2.

Figure 4-2 Scaffold Section Handling

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j) After the sections are placed around the perimeter of the tank, the adjustable inside hinges with the sliding plates can be set at the dimension relative to the next inside hinge. This dimension is IHC. Each scaffold section should be adjusted until the dimension from an inside hinge to an inside hinge is set at the dimension IHC. After articulating the scaffold section and sliding the hinges into place, snug tight the bolts at the hinges. 4.0.2 Shell Attachments (Bracket Straps) a) Scaffold alignment to bracket straps is critical. The ideal location for straps is approximately 52 down from the top of the shell to the top of the strap.

Figure 4-3 Bracket Strap Lay Out b) For inside tank scaffold the bracket straps are laid out as a chord. This chord dimension will be between 10- 5 for the minimum diameter tank and 10- 4 for the largest diameter tank. The exact chord to use is the dimension BC and it is found in Calculation Table 5-A or 5-B in part 5. Use the dimension 6BC for laying out every 7th bracket strap and then use the chord dimension BC to layout the 5 straps between the beginning of the first chord and the end of the sixth chord. This method will reduce the cumulative error caused by laying out from chord to chord. It is also recommended to layout of the circumference in one direction, and then layout in the reverse direction to eliminate cumulative error. The 6BC dimension eliminates cumulative error but it is only used when there are NO make-up chords (BMC) within the boundaries of the chord 6BC. Be sure to include for BMC as the chords are being laid out around the tanks perimeter. Use the layout sketch to keep sections in the correct order.

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Figure 4-4 Plan View of Chord Layout c) For outside tank scaffold the bracket straps are laid out as an arc. This arc dimension will be between 9- 8 for the minimum diameter tank and 10- 4 for the largest diameter tank. The exact arc to use is dimension BA and it is found in Calculation Table 6-A or 6-B in part 6. For accurate layout, multiply the BA dimension by 6 for laying out every 7th bracket strap and then use the arc dimension BA to layout the 5 straps between the beginning of the first arc and the end of the sixth arc. This method will reduce the cumulative error caused by lying out from arc to arc. It is also recommended to layout of the circumference in one direction and then layout in the reverse direction to eliminate cumulative error. Be sure to include for the make-up(s) using the BMA dimension.

Figure 4-5 Plan View of Arc Layout d) Make sure that the bracket strap fits tightly against the shell before tacking. Adjust the bracket straps by placing them against a shell plate and then tapping them with a 4 Lb. hammer.

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e) Bracket straps are to be welded only by qualified welders - not tackers. f) Weld across the top of bracket straps as shown in Fig. 4-6. Make all welds in the order and direction shown. Reverse the direction of welding on the ends of the welds to fill the crater. Use a 3/16" fillet weld of E6010 (where permitted for the shell material), E7018, or E71-T1 electrode. Use the electrode as specified in the welding procedure to weld the bracket to the structure.

Fig. 4-6 Welding of Bracket Straps g) If, for whatever reason, the welding of a bracket strap cannot be completed, it must be removed by breaking the attaching welds. Never leave a bracket strap that is partially welded. h) All welded bracket straps must be inspected by either the superintendent, pusher, weld supervisor, or a qualified person designated by the superintendent. The welder who welds the strap must not be person that does the inspection. The slag must be removed from the weld before inspection. To show that the bracket strap weld has been inspected and correctly welded, it must be circled and initialed by the person inspecting the weld. i) Bracket straps may be used a maximum of 2 times. If a bracket strap is being used a second time, turn it over and weld on the side that has not been welded on. j) Brackets can be stabbed into their straps after the strap welds are cleaned, inspected, and circled. k) The bracket at the make-up section has (2) two make-up bracket spacers (2L33-14A). See Figure 4-11.

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4.1 Installation

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a) Unless noted this procedure and the figures shown are applicable for scaffolds on either the inside or the outside of the tank. b) The AMS sections will allow about variation in the chord or arc dimensions, but this variation is not cumulative. It is recommended that a section of scaffold be placed on the brackets as soon as the brackets for that section are stabbed into the straps. c) Just before placing an AMS scaffold section on top of the brackets be sure the 2L33-12-9 Bars under the adjustable inside hinge are loosened and swung out of place. The Scaffold Outside Hinge Radius (OHR) will have already been set when the inside hinges were set using the dimension IHC, but IHC should again be verified while the scaffold section rests on the brackets. See Figures 4-7 & 4-8. d) Slide the section on the brackets until the center of the AMS Outside Hinge Pins are X dimension from the shell. If there is a make-up in the complete scaffold ring, the dimension X at the 1st ring will be 5 for an inside scaffold and X will be 3-1 (37.25) for an outside scaffold. If there are NO make-ups to be used, the dimension X is found in Calculation Table 5-B or 6-B. e) After the section is set properly on the brackets as per the above instructions, use a wrench to tighten the bolts at the adjustable inside hinges. f) Install the spacer on the bracket between the AMS hinge and the bracket post if the space between is greater than 1. This space could be as little as 1/8 when X is at its maximum of 39 with the outside tank scaffold. g) Install the tie-down around the bracket at the outside hinge. h) Swing the bar at the adjustable inside hinges back into position and tighten the bolts. i) The bar and tie-down capture the bracket making the bracket an integral part of the AMS.

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Figure 4-7 Inside Scaffold Side View

Figure 4-8 Outside Scaffold Side View

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j) The spacer is only pinned and it will be loose. When there is sufficient wind for the AMS to act as a wind-girder, the spacer will tighten as it binds between the AMS and the bracket post. k) Continue the sequential installation of the AMS sections on the 1st ring using the layout sequence sketch as the guide. Be sure to include for the GAP at the makeup(s). l) After all AMS 3-hinged and 2-hinged sections are erected, the make-up sections are installed at the GAP(s). The make-up sections should be bolted at both ends to the 3-hinged or 2-hinged sections for the AMS to act as a wind-girder. m) A competent person shall do a visual inspection of the scaffold sections as they are installed. n) If using rigid handrail, install the 2L33-17-A Dual Handrail Post Supports and then the handrails. A 3-hinged section uses 2 long handrails. A 2-hinged section uses 1 long handrail. Unless next to a make-up section, a 2-hinged section or 3-hinged section uses 2 short handrails. If next to a make-up section, a 2-hinged section or 3hinged section uses 1 short handrail and 1 make-up handrail. o) It is acceptable to use conventional scaffold posts with wire-rope hand line instead of the rigid handrail. See part 4.3(p) and Manual 13 when using wire-rope hand line.

Figure 4-9 st Completed Scaffold on 1 Ring 4.2 Splices Between Scaffold Sections

4.2.1 Splice Between Scaffold Sections Without a Make-up Section a) A 3-hinged scaffold section is made of two whole platforms in the middle and two half platforms at each end. b) The 2-hinged scaffold section is made of one whole platform in the middle and two half platforms at each end.

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c) The scaffold section should ship with (4) four bolts temporarily installed on the right end of the scaffold section. d) To explain orientation, the right and left end is determined by standing in the center of the scaffold ring. e) The left end of a scaffold section has swinging hinge plates to cover up the splice between the sections. f) Unless there is a make-up, the half platforms are spiced together using the detail shown in Figure 4-10.

Figure 4-10 Splice Scaffold Sections 4.2.1 Splice Between Scaffold Sections With a Make-up Section a) Make-up sections are installed after the adjacent scaffold sections are in place. b) Two 2L33-14-A Make-up Bracket Spacers should be installed on the bracket to provide support for the make-up section. c) Four bolts along with the (4) four 2A19 nuts should ship with each make-up section.

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d) The make-up section that is installed at the splice between half platforms is bolted to the half platforms using the detail shown in Figure 4-11. The GAP that is bridged is no more than 49 and the make-up lap should be no less than 6.

Figure 4-11 Splice Scaffold Sections

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4.3

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General Instruction for Jumping an AMS Section

a) The AMS section being jumped acts as a suspended scaffold. The rules governing its use will be per Red Book Standard 155-6-9-4 Suspension Scaffold Safety. b) After erection of the 2nd ring, the next set of straps will be welded to the tank shell directly above the brackets. Accuracy is important. It is recommended that at least a 6 level be used to plumb up to the strap location. Another method is to build a steel Tsquare that is as tall as the shells height plus 4. The T-square will hang from the above round seam and provide an accurate layout for the strap. c) Before jumping, straps will need to be welded to the shell for the erection of the tank erection ladders. d) The tank erection ladders are to be installed to the right of the 2L33-13-A Trap Door Ladder Assembly for both the inside scaffold and the outside scaffold. The ladder should be within 6 of the 2L33-13-A Trap Door Ladder Assembly. See Figure 4-21. e) Hook ladders are used for access to the jumped scaffold section. The ladders suggested are the 10 long 2L1-11-A Vert Ladder or the 13 long 2L1-19-A Vert Ladder. The cage angles are removed from these ladders to allow egress from the side. See Figure 4-12. f) Care is required to ensure loads are balanced and each scaffold section is free to be jumped. g) While jumping a scaffold section, the make-up pieces are not handled individually. They are small enough to be pulled back and staged near the middle of the scaffold section being jumped. Figure 4-12 Side View Using 2L1-19-A Vert Ladder

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h) Before jumping a scaffold section, remove all unneeded materials and place any remaining material near the middle of the scaffold section. Only a total of 250Lbs. of material, tools, or scaffold parts are allowed on the scaffold section being jumped. i) Before jumping check that all connections have been broken loose. Confirm that the scaffold can rise freely without hanging up and that no additional equipment or material has been attached or hung from the section. j) Employees on the scaffold section being jumped or adjacent to an open scaffold section shall use a Personal Fall Arrest System. For each person, a 20 retractable lifeline shall be provided along with the Over The Shell Tie Off Device (2L69-A) or an approved equal tie-off device. See Figures 4-13A and 4-14. k) Employees adjacent to an open scaffold section shall be aware of the pinch points created between the stationary scaffold section and the scaffold being jumped. l) Ensure that personnel on the scaffold section have clear access and a ready means to get off of the section being jumped. m) People on the suspended scaffold section as it is being jumped will be allowed only for the following reasons: o To free the scaffold section from its bracket straps. o To break-off and clean up the bracket straps. Employees may use air-driven grinders for clean up. o To maintain clearances as the scaffold section is being jumped. o To ensure that the section has been properly secured to the new bracket straps. n) As the scaffold section is being jumped, access shall be limited to two (2) people on the 2-hinged scaffold section and (3) people on the 3-hinged scaffold section. An observer will be available for emergency assistance. o) Scaffold can be jumped using the rigid handrail method or using the conventional handrail post and wire rope hand-line method. p) If using the conventional post and hand-line method, then before jumping a scaffold section, loosen the hand-line cable clips and move about 20 of slack to the section being jumped. While jumping the section keep an eye on the hand-lines to be sure they slip freely though the pigtails on the posts. After the first scaffold section is jumped, snug the hand-line and re-tighten the cable clips. Leave just enough slack so the remainder of scaffold sections can be jumped without having to loosen the

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cable clips again. When the scaffold ring is complete retighten the hand-lines. People on the scaffold with incomplete hand-line must be tied off. q) Do not make adjustments or loosen hinge bolts during jumping the scaffold. If a problem develops stabbing brackets into straps the shell could be out of round. Fix the shell but do not adjust the scaffold. r) When the AMS is secured in the bracket straps welded to the tank then the capacity of the scaffold between two brackets should be limited to two people and no more than 200 Lbs of tools, material, etc. s) A competent person shall do a visual inspection of the rigging just prior to jumping scaffold sections. t) No person shall ever be under the scaffold section as it is being jumped. 4.4 Jumping Methods

Two methods can be used to jump an AMS section. The Trolley Method or the Crane Method: a) The Trolley Method: This method uses trolleys, chain-falls, and the 2L33-16-A Lifting Assemblies. The use of 2 or 3 trolleys/ chain-falls/ lifting assemblies depends on if a 2-hinged or 3-hinged section is being jumped. The trolleys used are CB&Is standard 2L25A-1-A Trolley. The chain-falls are a minimum of 1-ton capacity with a minimum of 18 lift. The chain-falls can be manual, electric, or air-powered. Coffing Hoists, Harrington Hoists, and J.D. Neuhaus Hoists are approved chain-fall manufactures. The Lifting Assemblies attach to the D-rings on AMS and to the scaffold bracket. See the following Figures 4-13A & B.

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Figure 4-13A Trolley Method For Scaffold Jumping (shown inside)

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Figure 4-13B Trolley Method For Scaffold Jumping (shown inside)

b) The Crane Method: This method uses the crane used for tank erection and the 5-point lifting bridle. When using the Crane Method, balancing the load is even more important than when using the Trolley Method. The sections are rigged using the 5point lifting bridle with the middle sling attached to one 2L33-16-A Lifting Assembly in the middle of the AMS section and the other 4 slings attached to the lifting eyes on the outboard hinge lugs. The minimum length between the outboard hinge points and the crane hook will be twenty (20) feet. The middle sling and two of the four outboard slings will have 1 ton come-a-longs when lifting a scaffold section. A bypass sling must be placed between the eye of the sling and the shackle in the event of a come-a-long failure. Never lift an AMS scaffold section from any other lifting points. If lifting the 2-hinged scaffold section the middle sling with its come-along is not used. See the following Figure 4-14.

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Figure 4-14 Crane Method For Scaffold Jumping (People signaling the crane shall have an unobstructed view of the Scaffold & uninterrupted communication with the crane operator)

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a) It is recommended that the trap door section be one of first sections to be jumped. This provides access to the upper level scaffold while the hook ladders provide access from the upper level to the lower level scaffold. Other sections may be jumped first at the direction of the Superintendent and with approval of the Project Manager. b) The following figures show a 2-hinged scaffold section jumped first followed by a 3hinged section with a trap door. Note the Trap Door Ladder Assembly must be installed after the scaffold is jumped to the 2nd scaffold ring. See Figure 4-21. c) The Trap Door Ladder Assembly must be installed so the employee is facing the shell while climbing the ladder. 4.5.1 Preparations For Jumping a) Check the bracket straps for the new level of scaffold and ensure these are installed correctly. b) Position a hook ladder on the leading end of the section to be jumped. The scaffold can be jumped in the clockwise or counter-clockwise direction. c) If the leading end is at a make-up section then unbolt the make-up section and pull it to near the middle of the scaffold section being jumped.

Figure 4-15 Scaffold with Make-up Pulled Back

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d) For the section being jumped, leave the long handrails in place and remove of the short and/or make-up handrail. e) Lay the loose pieces of the handrail on the next scaffold section being jumped. f) The of handrail left at the bracket posts is the 2L33-19-B End Gate Assembly. The End Gate is rotated turn, re-pinned to the bracket post, and a gate strap lashes the gate to the bracket to create the scaffold end gate. See side view Figure 4-17. g) If the conventional post and wire rope hand-line method is used follow the procedure outlined in part 4.3 (p). h) Use a rope and tie the make-up bracket to the hook ladder. Reach from the scaffold, pull the bracket from its strap, untie it, and stage it on the scaffold being jumped. i) Remove the strap and clean up the strap area while lying down on the scaffold section or bridge the GAP with at least an 8 long scaffold board and do the clean up while sitting on the board. Remember people must be tied-off to an independent safety line when outside the scaffold handrail.

Figure 4-16 Prepare Scaffold Section For Jumping

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Figure 4-17 Side View of End Gate j) If using the Trolley Method, place three trolleys on the shell. Even if the first lift is a 2-hinged section, three trolleys will be needed for later sections of scaffold to be jumped. k) Check for any possible interferences. l) Ensure that the bolts at the connection between scaffold sections are removed and the cover plate is flipped out of position. m) Remove all unnecessary material from the section. Any material that must remain on a section while it is jumped must be spread out evenly about the middle of the section. n) Clear access for personnel must be maintained. o) Provide access to each side of the section being jumped. The access from the leading end will be from the hook ladder and the access from the trailing edge will be from a hook ladder when lifting the first section or from the previous scaffold section jumped.

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4.5.2 Lifting the Section Out of the Lower Straps:

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a) If the Crane Method is being used, it is acceptable to attempt lift the section out of the straps without people on the scaffold. Using the crane, apply tension to the rigging and continue lifting only if the scaffold immediately clears the bracket straps. If the scaffold does not freely move out of the straps, then with tension on the rigging, use people on either side of the section to attempt to dislodge the scaffold by vibrating the section being raised. Some additional minimal tension can be applied to the rigging at this time. If the scaffold section lifts, continue lifting at a steady rate. If the section slows or stops, immediately cease lifting. If the section has stopped or has not begun to lift and vibration from the sides does not dislodge it, personnel will then have to access the section being jumped. Before people get on the section, lower the cranes hook slightly but not enough to cause any visible slack in the rigging. b) When jumping a 3-hinged section, the lifting device in the middle of the center section must always be under tension. This is applicable for the Trolley Method and the Crane Method. c) When accessing the section, no more than 2 people are allowed on a 2-hinged scaffold section as it is being jumped. No more than 3 people are allowed on a 3hinged scaffold section as it is being jumped. d) Use either lifting device (the chain-fall from the Trolley Method or the come-a-long from the Crane Method) to lift and loosen the brackets slightly from their straps. It might be necessary to loosen the bracket by using a bar, hammer, or another mechanical method. Loosen one bracket at a time, starting with the middle bracket when jumping a 3-hinged scaffold section. e) After the first bracket has moved, check and loosen the other bracket(s). Once the brackets are free, lift them out of their straps with the crane or the chain-falls. f) If, for any reason, the section stops rising or begins to go out of level, STOP. Relevel the section with the lifting device and repeat the above. g) After raising the section about one (1) foot, with the scaffold level and unrestrained, visually confirm that it is clear of all obstructions and hanging freely. h) If not already on the scaffold, access is required for visual confirmation.

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4.5.3 Bracket Strap Clean-Up While on The Suspended Scaffold Section a) Lower the scaffold to comfortable position below the straps. Remove the straps from the tank shell and perform the necessary clean up of the strap location. If clean up requires pick-up welding or NDE, the proper precautions should be made as stated in RBS 155-6-6-4. When doing welding be sure to remove electrodes from holders when not welding and take care of leads on the scaffold. No more than two people are allowed on the suspended 2-hinged scaffold section.

Figure 4-18 Scaffold Section Jumping b) After the lower straps are removed, jump the section up to an elevation slightly above the upper straps. Stay clear of all obstructions. 4.5.4 Stabbing the Bracket Into The Upper Straps a) Adjust the sections levelness as required using the lifting devices at the brackets. b) Move the scaffold section into contact with the shell directly over the upper bracket straps. c) Verify that all brackets align with their mating straps.

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d) Each bracket pin should be checked to ensure its engagement in the mating opening of the bracket strap. e) If the alignment is not correct, the strap will have to be removed, its proper position marked on the shell, and a new strap will have to be welded on the shell. This rework will have to be done with people working on the suspended scaffold section. Diligence must be used when laying out straps so this re-work in an awkward position is avoided. f) Determine which bracket is closest to its strap, which is second closest, and which is third closest when applicable. Begin lowering the brackets into their straps. g) Keep your hands free of pinch points and lower the section very slowly while monitoring the closest bracket. Use a bar only and move the first bracket so it will start stabbing into the strap opening. h) The lifting devices can be used to raise or lower the bracket elevations to assist in stabbing the bracket into its strap. i) As the brackets stab their respective straps, care must be used so the scaffold section remains level and the bracket does not bind in its strap. j) Once the first bracket is started continue lowering the assembly. k) Continuously monitor the brackets until they all start stabbing into their strap opening. l) If the section hangs up or begins to tilt, stop lowering immediately. m) Raise the section slightly to level and remove the hang up, and then begin lowering while repeating the above. n) Lower the section until it is completely seated in its straps.

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Figure 4-19 Scaffold Section Jumped to Upper Straps 4.5.5 Temporary Placement of the Make-up Section a) If there is a make-up at the leading end of the scaffold section jumped, then the bracket that supported the make-up is now installed into its new upper strap. The bracket was jumped with the scaffold section and it should now be stabbed into the upper bracket strap.

Figure 4-20 Install Make-up Bracket in Upper Strap

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b) Pull the make-up that was staged near the middle of the section just raised to a temporary position resting on the make-up bracket. Install one bolt connecting the make-up to the scaffold section so the make-up will not slip. 4.6 Jumping the Second Scaffold Section

a) When jumping any scaffold section, care is required to ensure loads are balanced and each scaffold section is free to be raised. b) Note that the Trap Door Ladder Assembly is probably too long to install when the section is on the first ring. The bottom of the Ladder Assembly is 67 from the top of the bracket strap. It will be necessary to wait until the section is jumped to the second ring before installing the ladder assembly unless the height of the first ring is more than 119 (52 plus 67). c) The figures in this part of the manual show a 3-hinged section with a trap door as the second scaffold section to be jumped, and jumping of the scaffold is from tank shell rings above the first ring so the Trap Door Ladder Assembly is already installed.

Figure 4-21 Second Scaffold Section To Jump

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a) Check the bracket straps for the new level of scaffold and ensure these are installed correctly. b) When at the trap door section, the straps for the new position of tank erection ladders should be installed before jumping the scaffold. Check that the location of the straps is correct to keep the ladders in their proper alignment. c) The Trap Door Ladder Assembly must be installed so the employee is facing the shell while climbing the ladder d) Advance a hook ladder to the leading end of the section to be jumped. The scaffold can be jumped in the clockwise or counter-clockwise direction. e) For the section being jumped, leave the long handrails in place and remove of the short and/or make-handrail. f) Lay the loose pieces of the handrail on the next scaffold section to be jumped. g) The of handrail left at the bracket posts is the 2L33-19-B End Gate Assembly. The End Gate is rotated turn, re-pinned to the bracket post, and a gate strap lashes the gate to the bracket to create the scaffold end gate. See Figure 4-22.

Figure 4-22 Side View of End Gate

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h) If using the Trolley Method, advance the three trolleys to a point above the brackets and attach the three chain-falls to the three lifting assemblies. Attach the lifting assemblies to the brackets and the D-rings on the scaffold section. See the following Figure 4-23.

Figure 4-23 Trolley Method Scaffold Jumping (shown inside) i) If using the Crane Method the sections are rigged using the 5-point lifting bridle with the middle sling attached to one lifting assembly in the middle of the AMS section and the other 4 slings attached to the lifting eyes on the outboard hinge lugs. See the following Figure 4-24.

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Figure 4-24 Crane Method For Scaffold Jumping (People signaling the crane shall have an unobstructed view of the Scaffold & uninterrupted communication with the crane operator)

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j) Check for any possible interferences. When lifting the trap door section, check the lifting clearances from the Trap Door Ladder Assembly. Remove the upper 4 of tank erection ladder from the shell and set it on the platform in the Trap Door Ladder Assembly. k) Ensure that the bolts at the connection between scaffold sections are removed and any cover plates are flipped out of position. l) Remove all unnecessary material from the section. Any material that must remain on a section while it is jumped must be spread out evenly about the middle of the section. m) Clear access for personnel must be maintained. n) Provide access to each side of the section being jumped. The access from the leading end will be from the hook ladder and the access from the trailing edge will be from the previous scaffold section jumped. 4.6.2 Lifting the Section Out of the Lower Straps a) If the Crane Method is being used, it is acceptable to attempt lift the section out of the straps without people on the scaffold. Using the crane, apply tension to the rigging and continue lifting only if the scaffold immediately clears the bracket straps. If scaffold does not freely move out of the straps, then with tension on the rigging, use people on either side of the section to attempt to dislodge the bracket by vibrating the section being raised. Some additional minimal tension can be applied to the rigging at this time. If the scaffold section lifts, continue lifting at a steady rate. If the section slows or stops, immediately cease lifting. If the section has stopped or has not begun to lift and vibration from the sides does not dislodge it, personnel will then have to access the section being jumped. Before people get on the section, lower the cranes hook slightly but not enough to cause any visible slack in the rigging. b) When jumping a 3-hinged section, the lifting device in the middle of the center section must always be under tension. This is applicable for the Trolley Method and the Crane Method. c) When accessing the section, no more than 3 people are allowed on a 3-hinged scaffold section as it is being jumped. No more than 2 people are allowed on a 2hinged scaffold section as it is being jumped.

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d) Use either lifting device (the chain-fall from the Trolley Method or the come-a-long from the Crane Method) to lift and loosen the brackets slightly from their straps. It might be necessary to loosen the bracket by using a bar, hammer, or another mechanical method. Loosen one bracket at a time, starting with the middle bracket. e) After the first bracket has moved, check and loosen the other bracket(s). Once the brackets are free, lift them out of their straps with the crane or the chain-falls. f) If, for any reason, the section stops rising or begins to go out of level, STOP. Relevel the section with the lifting device repeat the above. g) After raising the section about one (1) foot, with the scaffold level and unrestrained, visually confirm that it is clear of all obstructions and hanging freely. h) If not already on the scaffold, access is required for visual confirmation. 4.6.3 Bracket Strap Clean-Up While on The Suspended Scaffold Section a) Lower the scaffold to comfortable position below the straps. Remove the straps from the tank shell and perform the necessary clean up of the strap location. If clean up requires pick-up welding or NDE, the proper precautions should be made as stated in RBS 155-6-6-4. When doing welding be sure to remove electrodes from holders when not welding and take care of leads on the scaffold. No more than three people are allowed on the suspended 3-hinged scaffold section.

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Figure 4-25 Scaffold Section Jumping b) After the lower straps are removed, jump the section up to an elevation slightly above the upper straps. Stay clear of all obstructions. 4.6.4 Stabbing the Bracket Into The Upper Straps a) Adjust the sections levelness as required using the lifting devices at the brackets. b) Move the section into contact with the shell directly over the upper bracket straps. c) Verify that all brackets align with their mating straps. d) Each bracket pin should be checked to ensure its engagement with its mating opening in the bracket strap. e) If alignment is not correct, the strap will have to be removed, its proper position marked on the shell, and a new strap will have to be welded on the shell. This rework will have to be done with people working on the suspended scaffold section. Diligence must be used when laying out straps so this re-work in an awkward position is avoided.

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f) Determine which bracket is closest to its strap, which is second closest, and which is third closest. Begin lowering the brackets into their straps. g) Keep your hands free of pinch points and lower the section very slowly while monitoring the closest bracket. Use a bar only and move the first bracket so it will start stabbing into the strap opening. h) The lifting devices can be used to raise or lower the bracket elevations to assist in stabbing the bracket into its strap. i) As the brackets stab their respective straps, care must be used so the scaffold section remains level and the bracket does not bind in its strap. j) Once the first bracket is started continue lowering the assembly. k) Continuously monitor all 3 brackets until all start stabbing into the strap opening. l) If the section hangs up or begins to tilt, stop lowering immediately. Raise the section slightly to level and remove the hang up, and then begin lowering while repeating the above. m) Lower the section until it is completely seated in its straps. 4.6.5 Erect Tank Erection Ladders a) Install the next tank erection ladder. The length of this ladder should be as long as the height that the scaffold was jumped. b) Remove the 4 tank erection ladder from the Ladder Assembly platform and install it in its straps.

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Figure 4-26 Jumped Second Scaffold Section c) Re-install the handrails between scaffold sections by unlashing the gate strap, rotating the gate back turn, and installing the of handrail that had been removed. 4.6.6 Placement of the Make-up Section or Connecting Section to Section a) With the make-up section sitting temporarily at the trailing end, go back and remove the one-bolt, final position the make-up section in the middle of the GAP and make the bolted connection. Use a wrench to tighten the bolts. b) If there is no make-up at the trailing end then flop the cover plate down into position, swing the end plates into position and make the bolts. Use a wrench to tighten the bolts. c) Refer to subpart 4.2 for the details of the making the connection between scaffold sections.

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Figure 4-27 Complete Second Scaffold Section 4.7 Jumping The Rest of The Scaffold Sections

a) The previous procedure used for the jumping of the first and second section should be followed for all subsequent AMS scaffold sections. b) The AMS is complete when the scaffold ring has all the handrails back in place and all the scaffold sections along with any make-ups are bolted together. A complete AMS will act as a wind-girder section capable of withstanding a 90 mph wind. 4.8 Jumping The AMS Scaffold Sections From Inside the Tank to Outside The Tank

4.8.1 Preliminary a) If there is a need, after jumping the inside scaffold sections to the top of the tank, to jump the scaffold sections to the outside shell then another layout sequence sketch must be made with the scaffold on the outside. Most likely the outside layout sequence will have one more scaffold section than the inside and maybe another make-up. b) Before beginning the layout of the straps on the outside shell complete Calculation Table 6-A or 6-B. Make a note of the dimension IHC. For the outside scaffold, record the arc dimensions BA and BMA.

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c) Do the Table 6-A or 6-B calculations using the outside diameter of the one shell ring. The AMS will only be jumped to one ring on the outside therefore use the same dimension for TBOR and TTOR in all calculations. d) Make a sketch of the layout sequence. Examples of Layout Sequences can be found in Part 8 of this manual. e) Stage the additional scaffold section needed on the ground at the perimeter of the tank. f) While the section is on the ground the adjustable inside hinges with the sliding plates should be set at the dimension relative to the next inside hinge. This dimension is IHC. The scaffold section is adjusted until the dimension from an inside hinge to an inside hinge is set at the dimension IHC. After articulating the scaffold section and sliding the hinges into place, snug tight the bolts at the hinges. g) Remember the inside adjustable hinge will be closest to the shell when the AMS is used outside the tank. 4.8.2 Shell Attachments (Bracket Straps) a) Use the arc dimension BA and begin installing bracket straps. The ideal location for straps is approximately 52 down from the top of the shell. Use the layout procedure mentioned in subpart 4.0.2 (c) of this manual.

Figure 4-28 Outside Bracket Strap Layout b) Proceed with the arc layout while working out of a shell buggy. Remember to include for BMA, the arc dimension at the make-up. c) As the straps are welded to the shell, brackets can be stabbed into their straps.

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a) After enough brackets are stabbed into their respective straps, installation of the scaffold section that is staged on the ground can begin. b) Just before placing the scaffold section on top of the brackets, be sure the bars under the adjustable inside hinge are loosened and swung out of place. The Scaffold Outside Hinge Radius (OHR) will have already been set when the inside hinges were set using the dimension IHC, but IHC should again be verified before hoisting up the section. c) Rig the scaffold sections on the ground using the 5-point lifting bridle with the middle sling attached to one of the D-rings in the middle of the 3-hinged section. The other 4 slings will be attached to the lifting eyes on the outboard hinge lugs. If lifting a 2-hinged scaffold section, the middle sling of the 5-point lifting bridle is not used. See the following Figure 4-29.

Figure 4-29 Scaffold Section Handling

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a) After the scaffold section lands on the brackets people will go onto the section. As always, personnel must be tied-off to an independent safety line and during this step no more than two people are allowed on the scaffold section. b) Use a bar or other mechanical means to gently slide the section on the brackets until the center of the AMS Outside Hinge Pins are X dimension from the shell. If there is a make-up in the complete scaffold ring, the dimension X at the ring will be 3-1 (37.25) for an outside scaffold. If there are NO make-ups to be used, the dimension X is found in Calculation Table 6-B. c) After the section is set properly on the brackets as per the above instructions, use a wrench to tighten the bolts at the adjustable inside hinges. d) If using rigid handrail, install the 2L33-17-A Dual Handrail Post Supports and then the long handrails. A 3-hinged section uses 2 long handrails. A 2-hinged section uses 1 long handrail. e) At each open end install the 2L33-19-B End Gate Assembly. The End Gate is pinned to the bracket post and a gate strap lashes the gate to the bracket to create the scaffold end gate. See Figure 4-22. f) It is acceptable to use conventional scaffold posts with wire-rope hand line instead of the rigid handrail. g) Install the spacer on the bracket between the AMS and the bracket post. h) Install the tie-down around the bracket at the outside hinge. i) Swing the bar at the adjustable inside hinges back into position and tighten the bolts. j) The bar and tie-down capture the bracket making the bracket an integral part of the AMS.

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Figure 4-30 Scaffold Section Side View 4.8.4 Installation of Second Section a) The second outside scaffold section installed will come from the inside scaffold ring. b) If using rigid handrail, remove all rigid handrails from the inside scaffold section to be jumped and stage them on the next inside scaffold section to be jumped. Also remove the 2L33-17-A Dual Handrail Post Supports. c) Remove the bolts at each end of the scaffold section to unbolt it from the adjacent sections. Flop the cover plates at the ends of the scaffold out of position. d) The bars and tie-downs that are installed on the AMS capture the brackets making the brackets an integral part of the AMS so therefore these parts must be removed. e) At the bracket remove the spacer between the AMS and the bracket post. f) Remove the tie-down around the bracket at the outside hinge. g) Loosen the bolts and swing the bar at the adjustable inside hinges out of position. h) Just before removing the inside scaffold section from the top of the brackets, be sure the bars under the adjustable inside hinge are loosened and swung out of

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place. The Scaffold Outside Hinge Radius (OHR) will need to be set by adjusting the inside hinges to the dimension IHC. This adjustment should be an increase of no more than . i) Rig the scaffold section using the 5-point lifting bridle with the middle sling attached to one of the D-rings in the middle of the 3-hinged section. The other 4 slings will be attached to the lifting eyes on the outboard hinge lugs. If lifting a 2-hinged scaffold section, the middle sling of the 5-point lifting bridle is not used. See Figure 4.31

Figure 4-31 Scaffold Section Handling

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j) Using a shell buggy on the outside, brackets will need to be stabbed into the straps before the scaffold section is jumped over the shell. k) Jump the scaffold section from the inside to the outside. l) Repeat the process of attaching the scaffold section to the bracket. m) Bolt the sections together as they are jumped over the shell. n) After a scaffold section is jumped from the inside to the outside, use a shell buggy on the inside to remove brackets and pass them to the buggy on the outside for installation into straps. o) The handrail sections that are removed during jumping are passed over the shell for installation on the other-side as the scaffold is jumped over the shell. p) Complete the scaffold ring as explained in the previous manual parts 4.1 to 4.7. End of Part 4

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Quantity Calculation for Inside Tank Scaffold


5.0 Quantity Calculation for Inside Tank Scaffold

To determine how many and what type of Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS) sections are needed, begin with Calculation Table 5-A and proceed through the steps. The table acts as a flow chart and if the tank size does not require make-ups you will be quickly directed to Calculation Table 5-B for an AMS of a fixed size. The definitions of the abbreviations (such as TBIR, TTIR, OHR, IHC, etc.) can be found in part 3 of this manual. The logic to determine how many scaffold sections are needed is to first understand that the outside perimeter of the AMS, without make-up sections, is a fixed length determined by the number of trapezoidal platforms. Since this perimeter length is fixed, the radius from the center of the AMS to the outside hinge pin is fixed. For the scaffold to be useable on the inside of a tank shell, the distance from the inside of the shell to the center of the outside hinge pin is allowed to vary between 4.47 and 7.5. This variable means that the AMS without make-ups is usable on only tanks with the inside diameters listed in Chart 5-B. The use of the AMS without make-ups is 14% possible. If a tanks diameter is not listed in Chart 5-B then the AMS used will require make-ups. For an AMS with make-up sections, the distance from the 1st ring tank shell to the center of the scaffolds outside hinge pin is fixed at the optimum distance of 5. The 5 distance is set at the first ring, but as the AMS is jumped the dimension to the shell will increase as the thickness of the shell decreases and the supporting bracket slides under the scaffold. The tanks inside radius minus 5 is used to calculate the needed outside perimeter of the AMS. The possible length of all scaffold sections is subtracted from the calculated perimeter to determine the length to make-up. The individual length of a make-up section could require that up to three make-ups are needed since one make-up GAP should never exceed 49. Make-ups are never placed next to each other and are always separated by a 3-hinged or 2-hinged scaffold section. The use of the AMS with (1) one make-up section is 36% possible. The use of the AMS with (2) two make-up sections is 39% possible. The use of the AMS with (3) three make-up sections is 11% possible. For the computation of Calculation Tables 5-A & 5-B, spreadsheet software can be used and is suggested. CCT can provide these spreadsheets or CCT can determine the quantities if requested. The exact inside diameter of the tank shells first and top ring will be required to begin the calculations.

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Table 5-A AMS Quantity Calculation Calculation Table 5-A For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Inside Tank

1.

From Tank Drawings record Tank ID at 1st ring in Decimal Feet xxx.xxxx' (1st ring) ID = See Chart 5-A and Record M & N M= N= From Tank Drawings record Tank ID at top ring in Decimal Feet xxx.xxxx' (Top ring) ID = See Chart 5-A and Record M & N M= N= If "M" equals 0 at the 1st ring & the top ring STOP HERE & go to Calculation Table 5-B Re-Enter Tank ID that uses most make-ups, "M", in Decimal Feet xxx.xxxx' If "M" is the same at both the 1st ring & top ring then record 1st ring I.D. ID = Re-Record M & N M= N=

2.

3.

4.

5.

Calculate TBIR in Inches xxx.xx" TBIR = (ID at 1st ring /2) x 12 =

6.

Calculate TTIR in Inches xxx.xx" TTIR = (ID at top ring /2) x 12 =

7.

Calculate OHR in Inches xxx.xx" OHR = TBIR - 5 =

8.

Calculate "X" at top ring X = TTIR - OHR =

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Table 5-A AMS Quantity Calculation (continued) Calculation Table 5-A For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Inside Tank (continued)
9. Is "X" at Top ring between 4.47" & 7.5"

Yes = Continue No = Consult CCT 10. Calculate Angle A between Sections w/o Make-ups (xx.xxxx) (degrees) A = (ASIN (62.25/OHR)) x 2 = 11. Calculate Angle B between Sections w/ Make-ups (xx.xxxx) (degrees) B = (360 - ((A) x (N-M)) / M = 12. Calculate Gap Angle GA (x.xxxx) (degrees) GA = B - A = 13. Calculate Gap (xx.xx) (inches) GAP = 2 x ((TAN (GA/2) x (OHR x (COS (B/2))) = 14. Is GAP < 49" ? Yes = Continue No = Consult CCT 15. Calculate IHC (distance between adjacent inside hinges) (inches) IHC = ((OHR- (30.75/(COS (A/2)))) x (SIN (A/2))) x 2 = 16. Calculate Angle C to Make-up Bracket (x.xxxx) (degrees) C = B/2 = 17. Calculate Chord between Section Bracket Straps (inches) BC = (TBIR x SIN (A/2)) x 2 = 18. Calculate Chord between 1 strap and 7 Strap (6 spaces) (inches) 6BC = (TBIR x SIN (3 x A)) x 2 = 19. Calculate Chord at Make-ups (inches) BMC = (TBIR x SIN (C/2)) x 2 =
st th

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Quantity Calculation for Inside Tank Scaffold


Chart 5-A Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections CHART 5-A FOR ADJUSTABLE METAL SCAFFOLD INSIDE TANK
# Of 3# Of Total # of Hinged Tank Inside Diameter Make- Platforms Sections (ft) ups "M" "N" H3 From To 100.00 100.51 0 30 10 100.52 101.38 1 30 10 101.39 102.68 2 30 10 102.69 103.29 3 30 10 103.30 103.81 104.69 105.99 106.59 107.11 107.99 109.28 109.89 110.41 111.29 112.58 113.19 113.70 114.58 115.88 116.49 117.00 117.88 119.18 103.80 104.68 105.98 106.58 107.10 107.98 109.27 109.88 110.40 111.28 112.57 113.18 113.69 114.57 115.87 116.48 116.99 117.87 119.17 119.77 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 31 31 31 31 32 32 32 32 33 33 33 33 34 34 34 34 35 35 35 35 9 9 9 9 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 # Of 2Hinged Sections H2 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1

Layout Sequence 10(H3) 10(H3) + M 5(H3)+M+5(H3)+M 4(H3)+M+3(H3)+M+3(H3)+M 9(H3)+2(H2) 9(H3)+2(H2)+M 9(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 5(H3)+M+4(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 10(H3)+H2 10(H3)+H2+M 10(H3)+M+H2+M 5(H3)+M+5(H3)+M+H2+M 11(H3) 11(H3) + M 6(H3)+M+5(H3)+M 4(H3)+M+4(H3)+M+3(H3)+M 10(H3)+2(H2) 10(H3)+2(H2)+M 10(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 5(H3)+M+5(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 11(H3)+H2 11(H3)+H2+M 11(H3)+M+H2+M 6(H3)+M+5(H3)+M+H2+M

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Quantity Calculation for Inside Tank Scaffold


Chart 5-A Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections (continued) CHART 5-A (continued) FOR ADJUSTABLE METAL SCAFFOLD INSIDE TANK
# Of 3# Of Total # of Hinged Tank Inside Diameter Make- Platforms Sections (ft) ups "M" "N" H3 From To 119.78 120.29 0 36 12 120.30 121.17 1 36 12 121.18 122.47 2 36 12 122.48 123.07 3 36 12 123.08 123.60 124.48 125.78 126.38 126.90 127.78 129.07 129.68 130.20 131.08 132.37 132.98 133.49 134.38 135.67 136.28 136.79 137.67 138.97 123.59 124.47 125.77 126.37 126.89 127.77 129.06 129.67 130.19 131.07 132.36 132.97 133.48 134.37 135.66 136.27 136.78 137.66 138.96 139.57 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 37 37 37 37 38 38 38 38 39 39 39 39 40 40 40 40 41 41 41 41 11 11 11 11 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 13 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 13 # Of 2Hinged Sections H2 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1

Layout Sequence 12(H3) 12(H3) + M 6(H3)+M+6(H3)+M 4(H3)+M+4(H3)+M+4(H3)+M 11(H3)+2(H2) 11(H3)+2(H2)+M 11(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 6(H3)+M+5(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 12(H3)+H2 12(H3)+H2+M 12(H3)+M+H2+M 6(H3)+M+6(H3)+M+H2+M 13(H3) 13(H3) + M 7(H3)+M+6(H3)+M 5(H3)+M+4(H3)+M+4(H3)+M 12(H3)+2(H2) 12(H3)+2(H2)+M 12(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 6(H3)+M+6(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 13(H3)+H2 13(H3)+H2+M 13(H3)+M+H2+M 7(H3)+M+6(H3)+M+H2+M

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Quantity Calculation for Inside Tank Scaffold


Chart 5-A Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections (continued) CHART 5-A (continued) FOR ADJUSTABLE METAL SCAFFOLD INSIDE TANK
# Of 3# Of Total # of Hinged Tank Inside Diameter Make- Platforms Sections (ft) ups "M" "N" H3 From To 139.58 140.08 0 42 14 140.09 140.96 1 42 14 140.97 142.26 2 42 14 142.27 142.87 3 42 14 142.88 143.39 144.27 145.57 146.18 146.69 147.57 148.87 149.48 149.99 150.87 152.17 152.78 153.29 154.17 155.47 156.08 156.59 157.47 158.77 143.38 144.26 145.56 146.17 146.68 147.56 148.86 149.47 149.98 150.86 152.16 152.77 153.28 154.16 155.46 156.07 156.58 157.46 158.76 159.37 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 43 43 43 43 44 44 44 44 45 45 45 45 46 46 46 46 47 47 47 47 13 13 13 13 14 14 14 14 15 15 15 15 14 14 14 14 15 15 15 15 # Of 2Hinged Sections H2 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1

Layout Sequence 14(H3) 14(H3) + M 7(H3)+M+7(H3)+M 5(H3)+M+5(H3)+M+4(H3)+M 13(H3)+2(H2) 13(H3)+2(H2)+M 13(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 7(H3)+M+6(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 14(H3)+H2 14(H3)+H2+M 14(H3)+M+H2+M 7(H3)+M+7(H3)+M+H2+M 15(H3) 15(H3) + M 8(H3)+M+7(H3)+M 5(H3)+M+5(H3)+M+5(H3)+M 14(H3)+2(H2) 14(H3)+2(H2)+M 14(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 7(H3)+M+7(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 15(H3)+H2 15(H3)+H2+M 15(H3)+M+H2+M 8(H3)+M+7(H3)+M+H2+M

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 5

Quantity Calculation for Inside Tank Scaffold


Chart 5-A Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections (continued) CHART 5-A (continued) FOR ADJUSTABLE METAL SCAFFOLD INSIDE TANK
# Of 3# Of Total # of Hinged Tank Inside Diameter Make- Platforms Sections (ft) ups "M" "N" H3 From To 159.38 159.88 0 48 16 159.89 160.76 1 48 16 160.77 162.06 2 48 16 162.07 162.67 3 48 16 162.68 163.19 164.07 165.37 165.98 166.49 167.37 168.67 169.28 169.79 170.67 171.97 172.58 173.09 173.97 175.27 175.88 176.39 177.27 178.57 163.18 164.06 165.36 165.97 166.48 167.36 168.66 169.27 169.78 170.66 171.96 172.57 173.08 173.96 175.26 175.87 176.38 177.26 178.56 179.17 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 49 49 49 49 50 50 50 50 51 51 51 51 52 52 52 52 53 53 53 53 15 15 15 15 16 16 16 16 17 17 17 17 16 16 16 16 17 17 17 17 # Of 2Hinged Sections H2 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1

Layout Sequence 16(H3) 16(H3) + M 8(H3)+M+8(H3)+M 6(H3)+M+5(H3)+M+5(H3)+M 15(H3)+2(H2) 15(H3)+2(H2)+M 15(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 8(H3)+M+7(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 16(H3)+H2 16(H3)+H2+M 16(H3)+M+H2+M 8(H3)+M+8(H3)+M+H2+M 17(H3) 17(H3) + M 9(H3)+M+8(H3)+M 6(H3)+M+6(H3)+M+5(H3)+M 16(H3)+2(H2) 16(H3)+2(H2)+M 16(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 8(H3)+M+8(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 17(H3)+H2 17(H3)+H2+M 17(H3)+M+H2+M 9(H3)+M+8(H3)+M+H2+M

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 5

Quantity Calculation for Inside Tank Scaffold


Chart 5-A Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections (continued) CHART 5-A (continued) FOR ADJUSTABLE METAL SCAFFOLD INSIDE TANK
# Of 3# Of Total # of Hinged Tank Inside Diameter Make- Platforms Sections (ft) ups "M" "N" H3 From To 179.18 179.68 0 54 18 179.69 180.57 1 54 18 180.58 181.86 2 54 18 181.87 182.47 3 54 18 182.48 182.99 183.88 185.17 185.78 186.30 187.18 188.48 189.08 189.60 190.48 191.78 192.38 192.90 193.78 195.08 195.68 196.20 197.08 198.38 182.98 183.87 185.16 185.77 186.29 187.17 188.47 189.07 189.59 190.47 191.77 192.37 192.89 193.77 195.07 195.67 196.19 197.07 198.37 198.97 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 55 55 55 55 56 56 56 56 57 57 57 57 58 58 58 58 59 59 59 59 17 17 17 17 18 18 18 18 19 19 19 19 18 18 18 18 19 19 19 19 # Of 2Hinged Sections H2 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1

Layout Sequence 18(H3) 18(H3) + M 9(H3)+M+9(H3)+M 6(H3)+M+6(H3)+M+6(H3)+M 17(H3)+2(H2) 17(H3)+2(H2)+M 17(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 9(H3)+M+8(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 18(H3)+H2 18(H3)+H2+M 18(H3)+M+H2+M 9(H3)+M+9(H3)+M+H2+M 19(H3) 19(H3) + M 10(H3)+M+9(H3)+M 7(H3)+M+6(H3)+M+6(H3)+M 18(H3)+2(H2) 18(H3)+2(H2)+M 18(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 9(H3)+M+9(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 19(H3)+H2 19(H3)+H2+M 19(H3)+M+H2+M 10(H3)+M+9(H3)+M+H2+M

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 5

Quantity Calculation for Inside Tank Scaffold


Chart 5-A Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections (continued) CHART 5-A (continued) FOR ADJUSTABLE METAL SCAFFOLD INSIDE TANK
# Of 3# Of 2# Of Total # of Hinged Hinged Make- Platforms Sections Sections ups "M" "N" H3 H2 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 60 60 60 60 61 61 61 61 62 62 62 62 63 63 63 63 64 64 64 64 65 65 65 65 20 20 20 20 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 20 21 21 21 21 20 20 20 20 21 21 21 21 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1

Tank Inside Diameter (ft) From To 198.98 199.49 199.50 200.37 200.38 201.67 201.68 202.27 202.28 202.80 203.68 204.98 205.59 206.10 206.98 208.28 208.89 209.40 210.28 211.58 212.19 212.70 213.58 214.88 215.49 216.00 216.89 218.18 202.79 203.67 204.97 205.58 206.09 206.97 208.27 208.88 209.39 210.27 211.57 212.18 212.69 213.57 214.87 215.48 215.99 216.88 218.17 218.78

Layout Sequence 20(H3) 20(H3) + M 10(H3)+M+10(H3)+M 7(H3)+M+7(H3)+M+6(H3)+M 19(H3)+2(H2) 19(H3)+2(H2)+M 19(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 10(H3)+M+9(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 20(H3)+H2 20(H3)+H2+M 20(H3)+M+H2+M 10(H3)+M+10(H3)+M+H2+M 21(H3) 21(H3) + M 11(H3)+M+10(H3)+M 7(H3)+M+7(H3)+M+7(H3)+M 20(H3)+2(H2) 20(H3)+2(H2)+M 20(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 10(H3)+M+10(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 21(H3)+H2 21(H3)+H2+M 21(H3)+M+H2+M 11(H3)+M+10(H3)+M+H2+M

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 5

Quantity Calculation for Inside Tank Scaffold


Chart 5-A Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections (continued) CHART 5-A (continued) FOR ADJUSTABLE METAL SCAFFOLD INSIDE TANK
# Of 3# Of 2# Of Total # of Hinged Hinged Make- Platforms Sections Sections ups "M" "N" H3 H2 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 66 66 66 66 67 67 67 67 68 68 68 68 69 69 69 69 70 70 70 70 71 71 71 71 22 22 22 22 21 21 21 21 22 22 22 22 23 23 23 23 22 22 22 22 23 23 23 23 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1

10

Tank Inside Diameter (ft) From To 218.79 219.30 219.31 220.18 220.19 221.48 221.49 222.08 222.09 222.61 223.49 224.79 225.39 225.91 226.79 228.09 228.69 229.21 230.09 231.39 232.00 232.51 233.39 234.69 235.30 235.81 236.69 237.99 222.60 223.48 224.78 225.38 225.90 226.78 228.08 228.68 229.20 230.08 231.38 231.99 232.50 233.38 234.68 235.29 235.80 236.68 237.98 238.59

Layout Sequence 22(H3) 22(H3) + M 11(H3)+M+11(H3)+M 8(H3)+M+7(H3)+M+7(H3)+M 21(H3)+2(H2) 21(H3)+2(H2)+M 21(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 11(H3)+M+10(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 22(H3)+H2 22(H3)+H2+M 22(H3)+M+H2+M 11(H3)+M+11(H3)+M+H2+M 23(H3) 23(H3) + M 12(H3)+M+11(H3)+M 8(H3)+M+8(H3)+M+7(H3)+M 22(H3)+2(H2) 22(H3)+2(H2)+M 22(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 11(H3)+M+11(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 23(H3)+H2 23(H3)+H2+M 23(H3)+M+H2+M 12(H3)+M+11(H3)+M+H2+M

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 5

Quantity Calculation for Inside Tank Scaffold


Chart 5-A Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections (continued) CHART 5-A (continued) FOR ADJUSTABLE METAL SCAFFOLD INSIDE TANK
# Of 3# Of 2# Of Total # of Hinged Hinged Make- Platforms Sections Sections ups "M" "N" H3 H2 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 72 72 72 72 73 73 73 73 74 74 74 74 75 75 75 75 76 76 76 76 77 77 77 77 24 24 24 24 23 23 23 23 24 24 24 24 25 25 25 25 24 24 24 24 25 25 25 25 26 26 26 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 0

11

Tank Inside Diameter (ft) From To 238.60 239.10 239.11 239.99 240.00 241.28 241.29 241.89 241.90 242.41 243.30 244.60 245.20 245.72 246.60 247.90 248.50 249.02 249.90 251.20 251.80 252.32 253.20 254.50 255.11 255.62 256.50 257.80 258.41 258.92 259.80 261.10 242.40 243.29 244.59 245.19 245.71 246.59 247.89 248.49 249.01 249.89 251.19 251.79 252.31 253.19 254.49 255.10 255.61 256.49 257.79 258.40

Layout Sequence 24(H3) 24(H3) + M 12(H3)+M+12(H3)+M 8(H3)+M+8(H3)+M+8(H3)+M 23(H3)+2(H2) 23(H3)+2(H2)+M 23(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 12(H3)+M+11(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 24(H3)+H2 24(H3)+H2+M 24(H3)+M+H2+M 12(H3)+M+12(H3)+M+H2+M 25(H3) 25(H3) + M 13(H3)+M+12(H3)+M 9(H3)+M+8(H3)+M+8(H3)+M 24(H3)+2(H2) 24(H3)+2(H2)+M 24(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 12(H3)+M+12(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 25(H3)+H2 25(H3)+H2+M 25(H3)+M+H2+M 13(H3)+M+12(H3)+M+H2+M 26(H3) 26(H3) + M 13(H3)+M+13(H3)+M

258.91 0 78 259.79 1 78 261.09 2 78 OR GREATER CONSULT CCT

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 5

Quantity Calculation for Inside Tank Scaffold


Table 5-B AMS Quantity Calculation With No Make-ups Calculation Table 5-B For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Inside Tank with No Make-ups
1. From Tank Drawings record Tank ID at 1st ring in Decimal Feet xxx.xx' (1st ring) ID = See Chart 5-B and Confirm "No" make-ups 2. From Tank Drawings record Tank ID at top ring in Decimal Feet xxx.xx' (top ring) ID = See Chart 5-B and Confirm "No" make-ups 3. If Make-ups, "M", are needed at 1st ring or top ring STOP HERE and go back to Calculation Table 5-A 4. See Chart 5-B and record Total Number of Platforms "N" N= 5. See Chart 5-B and record "OHR" (inches) OHR = 6. Calculate TBIR in Inches xxx.xx" TBIR = (ID at 1st ring /2) x 12 = 7. Calculate "X" at 1st ring X = TBIR - OHR = 8. Is "X" between 4.47" and 7.5"

12

Yes = Continue No = Consult CCT

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 5

Quantity Calculation for Inside Tank Scaffold


Table 5-B AMS Quantity Calculation With No Make-ups (continued) Calculation Table 5-B (continued) For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Inside Tank with No Make-ups
9. Calculate TTIR in Inches xxx.xx" TTIR = (ID at top ring /2) x 12 = 10. Calculate "X" at Top ring X = TTIR - OHR = 11. Is "X" between 4.47" and 7.5"

13

Yes = Continue No = Consult CCT 12. See Chart 5-B and Record IHC the Distance Between Inside Hinges IHC= 13. See Chart 5-B and Record Angle Factors AF= 6AF= 14. Calculate Chord BC at 1st Ring BC = AF x TBIR = 15. Calculate 6BC Chord at 1st Ring (Beginning of the 1 to the end of the 6 chord) 6BC = 6AF x TBIR =
st th

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 5

Quantity Calculation for Inside Tank Scaffold


Chart 5-B Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections With No Make-ups
CHART 5-B

14

FOR ADJUSTABLE METAL SCAFFOLD ON INSIDE TANK WITH NO MAKE-UPS


Distance Between Inside Hinges Angle IHC Factor (inches) "AF" 118.04 118.25 118.44 118.63 118.80 118.96 0.2091 0.2023 0.1960 0.1901 0.1845 0.1793

Tank Inside Diameter (ft) From 100.00 103.30 106.59 109.89 113.19 116.49 To 100.51 103.80 107.10 110.40 113.69 116.99

# Of 3- # Of 2# Of Total # of Hinged Hinged Make-ups Platforms Sections Sections M "N" H3 H2 None None None None None None 30 31 32 33 34 35 10 9 10 11 10 11 0 2 1 0 2 1

Angle (deg)

Hinge Radius "OHR" (inches)

Angle Factor "6AF 1.1756 1.1425 1.1111 1.0813 1.0529 1.0258

Layout Sequence 10(H3) 9(H3)+2(H2) 10(H3)+H2 11(H3) 10(H3)+2(H2) 11(H3)+H2

12.0000 595.53 11.6129 615.31 11.2500 635.09 10.9091 654.88 10.5882 674.66 10.2857 694.45

119.78 123.08 126.38 129.68 132.98 136.28 139.58 142.88 146.18

120.29 123.59 126.89 130.19 133.48 136.78 140.08 143.38 146.68

None None None None None None None None None

36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44

12 11 12 13 12 13 14 13 14

0 2 1 0 2 1 0 2 1

10.0000 714.24 9.7297 9.4737 9.2308 9.0000 8.7805 8.5714 8.3721 8.1818 734.03 753.82 773.61 793.41 813.20 833.00 852.79 872.59

119.12 119.27 119.40 119.54 119.66 119.78 119.89 120.00 120.10

0.1743 0.1696 0.1652 0.1609 0.1569 0.1531 0.1495 0.1460 0.1427

1.0000 0.9754 0.9519 0.9294 0.9080 0.8874 0.8678 0.8489 0.8308

12(H3) 11(H3)+2(H2) 12(H3)+H2 13(H3) 12(H3)+2(H2) 13(H3)+H2 14(H3) 13(H3)+2(H2) 14(H3)+H2

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 5

Quantity Calculation for Inside Tank Scaffold


Chart 5-B

15

Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections With No Make-ups (continued)


CHART 5-B

FOR ADJUSTABLE METAL SCAFFOLD ON INSIDE TANK WITH NO MAKE-UPS


Distance Between Inside Hinges Angle IHC Factor (inches) "AF" 120.20 120.29 120.38 120.47 120.55 120.63 0.1395 0.1365 0.1336 0.1308 0.1281 0.1256 0.1231 0.1208 0.1185 0.1163 0.1142 0.1121 0.1102 0.1083 0.1064

Tank Inside Diameter (ft) From 149.48 152.78 156.08 159.38 162.68 165.98 169.28 172.58 175.88 179.18 182.48 185.78 189.08 192.38 195.68 To 149.98 153.28 156.58 159.88 163.18 166.48 169.78 173.08 176.38 179.68 182.98 186.29 189.59 192.89 196.19

# Of 3- # Of 2# Of Total # of Hinged Hinged Make-ups Platforms Sections Sections M "N" H3 H2 None None None None None None None None None None None None None None None 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 15 14 15 16 15 16 17 16 17 18 17 18 19 18 19 0 2 1 0 2 1 0 2 1 0 2 1 0 2 1

Angle (deg) 8.0000 7.8261 7.6596 7.5000 7.3469 7.2000

Hinge Radius "OHR" (inches) 892.39 912.19 931.99 951.79 971.59 991.39

Angle Factor "6AF 0.8135 0.7968 0.7808 0.7654 0.7505 0.7362 0.7225 0.7092 0.6964 0.6840 0.6721 0.6606 0.6494 0.6386 0.6282

Layout Sequence 15(H3) 14(H3)+2(H2) 15(H3)+H2 16(H3) 15(H3)+2(H2) 16(H3)+H2 17(H3) 16(H3)+2(H2) 17(H3)+H2 18(H3) 17(H3)+2(H2) 18(H3)+H2 19(H3) 18(H3)+2(H2) 19(H3)+H2

7.0588 1011.19 120.71 6.9231 1031.00 120.78 6.7925 1050.80 120.85 6.6667 1070.60 120.92 6.5455 1090.41 120.98 6.4286 1110.21 121.05 6.3158 1130.02 121.11 6.2069 1149.82 121.17 6.1017 1169.63 121.22

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 5

Quantity Calculation for Inside Tank Scaffold


Chart 5-B

16

Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections With No Make-ups (continued)


CHART 5-B

FOR ADJUSTABLE METAL SCAFFOLD ON INSIDE TANK WITH NO MAKE-UPS


Distance Between Inside Hinges Angle IHC Factor (inches) "AF" 0.1047 0.1030 0.1013 0.0997 0.0981 0.0966 0.0952 0.0937 0.0924 0.0910 0.0897 0.0885 0.0872 0.0860 0.0849

Tank Inside Diameter (ft) From 198.98 202.28 205.59 208.89 212.19 215.49 218.79 222.09 225.39 228.69 232.00 235.30 238.60 241.90 245.20 To 199.49 202.79 206.09 209.39 212.69 215.99 219.30 222.60 225.90 229.20 232.50 235.80 239.10 242.40 245.71

# Of Makeups M None None None None None None None None None None None None None None None

# Of 3- # Of 2Total # of Hinged Hinged Platforms Sections Sections "N" H3 H2 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 20 19 20 21 20 21 22 21 22 23 22 23 24 23 24 0 2 1 0 2 1 0 2 1 0 2 1 0 2 1

Angle (deg)

Hinge Radius "OHR" (inches)

Angle Factor "6AF 0.6180 0.6082 0.5987 0.5895 0.5806 0.5719 0.5635 0.5553 0.5473 0.5396 0.5321 0.5248 0.5176 0.5107 0.5040

Layout Sequence 20(H3) 19(H3)+2(H2) 20(H3)+H2 21(H3) 20(H3)+2(H2) 21(H3)+H2 22(H3) 21(H3)+2(H2) 22(H3)+H2 23(H3) 22(H3)+2(H2) 23(H3)+H2 24(H3) 23(H3)+2(H2) 24(H3)+H2

6.0000 1189.43 121.28 5.9016 1209.24 121.33 5.8065 1229.04 121.38 5.7143 1248.85 121.43 5.6250 1268.66 121.48 5.5385 1288.46 121.53 5.4545 1308.27 121.57 5.3731 1328.08 121.61 5.2941 1347.89 121.66 5.2174 1367.69 121.70 5.1429 1387.50 121.74 5.0704 1407.31 121.78 5.0000 1427.12 121.81 4.9315 1446.93 121.85 4.8649 1466.74 121.89

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 5

Quantity Calculation for Inside Tank Scaffold


Chart 5-B

17

Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections With No Make-ups (continued)


CHART 5-B

FOR ADJUSTABLE METAL SCAFFOLD ON INSIDE TANK WITH NO MAKE-UPS


Distance Between Inside Hinges Angle IHC Factor (inches) "AF" 0.0838 0.0826 0.0816 0.0805

Tank Inside Diameter (ft) From 248.50 251.80 255.11 258.41 To 249.01 252.31 255.61 258.91

# Of 3- # Of 2# Of Total # of Hinged Hinged Make-ups Platforms Sections Sections M "N" H3 H2 None None None None 75 76 77 78 25 24 25 26 0 2 1 0

Angle (deg)

Hinge Radius "OHR" (inches)

Angle Factor "6AF 0.4974 0.4910 0.4847 0.4786

Layout Sequence 25(H3) 24(H3)+2(H2) 25(H3)+H2 26(H3)

4.8000 1486.54 121.92 4.7368 1506.35 121.96 4.6753 1526.16 121.99 4.6154 1545.97 122.02

258.92 OR GREATER CONSULT CCT

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

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Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 6

Quantity Calculation for Outside Tank Scaffold


6.0 Quantity Calculation for Outside Tank Scaffold

To determine how many and what type of Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS) sections are needed, begin with Calculation Table 6-A and proceed through the steps. The table acts as a flow chart and if the tank size does not require make-ups you will be quickly directed to Calculation Table 6-B for an AMS of a fixed size. The definitions of the abbreviations (such as TBOR, TTOR, OHR, IHC, etc.) can be found in part 3 of this manual. The logic to determine how many scaffold sections are needed is to first understand that the outside perimeter of the AMS, without make-up sections, is a fixed length determined by the number of trapezoidal platforms. Since this perimeter length is fixed, the radius from the center of the AMS to the outside hinge pin is fixed. For the scaffold to be useable on the outside of a tank shell, the distance from the outside of the shell to the center of the outside hinge pin is allowed to vary between 37 and 39. This variable means that the AMS, without make-ups, is usable on only tanks with the outside diameters listed in Chart 6-B. The use of the AMS without make-ups is 11% possible. If a tanks diameter is not listed in Chart 6-B then the AMS used will require make-ups. For an AMS with make-up sections, the distance from the 1st ring tank shell to the center of the outside hinge pin is fixed at the optimum distance of 37.25. The 37.25 distance is set at the first ring, but as the AMS is jumped the dimension to the shell will increase as the thickness of the shell decreases and the supporting bracket slides under the scaffold. The tanks outside radius plus 37.25 is used to calculate the needed outside perimeter of the AMS. The possible length of all scaffold sections is subtracted from the calculated perimeter to determine the length to make-up. The individual length of a make-up section could require that up to three make-ups are needed since one make-up GAP should never exceed 49. Make-ups are never placed next to each other and are always separated by a 3-hinged or 2-hinged scaffold section. The use of the AMS with (1) one make-up section is 38% possible. The use of the AMS with (2) two make-up sections is 39% possible. The use of the AMS with (3) three make-up sections is 12% possible. For the computation of Calculation Tables 6-A & 6-B, spreadsheet software can be used and is suggested. CCT can provide these spreadsheets or CCT can determine the quantities if requested. The exact outside diameter of the tank shells first and top ring will be required to begin the calculations.

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 6

Quantity Calculation for Outside Tank Scaffold


Table 6-A AMS Quantity Calculation Calculation Table 6-A For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Outside Tank
1. From Tank Drawings record Tank OD at 1st ring in Decimal Feet xxx.xxxx' (1st ring) OD = See Chart 6-A and Record M & N M= N= 2. From Tank Drawings record Tank OD at top ring in Decimal Feet xxx.xxxx' (Top ring) OD = See Chart 6-A and Record M & N M= N= 3. If "M" equals 0 at the 1st ring & the top ring STOP HERE & go to Calculation Table 6-B 4. Re-Enter Tank OD that uses most make-ups, "M", in Decimal Feet xxx.xx' If "M" is the same at both the 1st ring & top ring then record 1st ring O.D. OD = Re-Record M & N M= N= 5. Calculate TBOR in Inches xxx.xx" TBOR = (OD at 1st ring /2) x 12 = 6. Calculate TTOR in Inches xxx.xx" TTOR = (OD at top ring /2) x 12 =

7. Calculate OHR in Inches xxx.xx" OHR = TBOR + 37.25 = 8. Calculate "X" at top ring (inches) X = OHR - TTOR =

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 6

Quantity Calculation for Outside Tank Scaffold


Table 6-A AMS Quantity Calculation (continued) Calculation Table 6-A For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Outside Tank (continued)
9. Is "X" at Top ring between 37" & 39"

Yes = Continue No = Consult CCT 10. Calculate Angle A between Sections w/o Make-ups (xx.xxxx) (degrees) A = ( ASIN ( 62.25/OHR ) ) x 2 = 11. Calculate Angle B between Sections w/ Make-ups (xx.xxxx) (degrees) B = ( 360 - ((A) x (N-M))) / M = 12. Calculate Gap Angle GA (x.xxxx) (degrees) GA = B - A = 13. Calculate Gap (xx.xx) (inches ) GAP = 2 x ((TAN (GA/2) x (OHR x (COS (B/2))) = 14. Is Gap < 49" ? Yes = Continue No = Consult CCT 15. Calculate IHC (distance between adjacent inside hinges) (inches) IHC = ((OHR- (30.75/(COS (A/2)))) x (SIN (A/2))) x 2 = 16. Calculate Angle C to Make-up Bracket (x.xxxx) (degrees) C = B/2 = 17. Calculate ARC between Section Bracket Straps (inches) BA = (TBOR x 6.2832 X (A/360)) = 18. Calculate ARC between section bracket and make-up bracket (inches) BMA = (TBOR x 6.2832 X (C/360)) =

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 6

Quantity Calculation for Outside Tank Scaffold


Chart 6-A Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections CHART 6-A FOR ADJUSTABLE METAL SCAFFOLD OUTSIDE TANK
# Of 3# Of Total # of Hinged Make- Platforms Sections ups "M" "N" H3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 30 30 30 30 31 31 31 31 32 32 32 32 33 33 33 33 34 34 34 34 35 35 35 35 10 10 10 10 9 9 9 9 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 # Of 2Hinged Sections H2 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1

Tank Outside Diameter (ft) From To 92.75 93.09 93.10 94.34 94.35 95.64 95.65 96.04 96.05 96.40 97.65 98.95 99.35 99.69 100.95 102.24 102.65 102.99 104.24 105.54 105.94 106.29 107.54 108.84 109.24 109.58 110.84 112.14 96.39 97.64 98.94 99.34 99.68 100.94 102.23 102.64 102.98 104.23 105.53 105.93 106.28 107.53 108.83 109.23 109.57 110.83 112.13 112.53

Layout Sequence 10(H3) 10(H3) + M 5(H3)+M+5(H3)+M 4(H3)+M+3(H3)+M+3(H3)+M 9(H3)+2(H2) 9(H3)+2(H2)+M 9(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 5(H3)+M+4(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 10(H3)+H2 10(H3)+H2+M 10(H3)+M+H2+M 5(H3)+M+5(H3)+M+H2+M 11(H3) 11(H3) + M 6(H3)+M+5(H3)+M 4(H3)+M+4(H3)+M+3(H3)+M 10(H3)+2(H2) 10(H3)+2(H2)+M 10(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 5(H3)+M+5(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 11(H3)+H2 11(H3)+H2+M 11(H3)+M+H2+M 6(H3)+M+5(H3)+M+H2+M

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 6

Quantity Calculation for Outside Tank Scaffold


Chart 6-A Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections (continued) CHART 6-A FOR ADJUSTABLE METAL SCAFFOLD OUTSIDE TANK
# Of 3# Of Total # of Hinged Make- Platforms Sections ups "M" "N" H3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 36 36 36 36 37 37 37 37 38 38 38 38 39 39 39 39 40 40 40 40 41 41 41 41 12 12 12 12 11 11 11 11 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 13 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 13 # Of 2Hinged Sections H2 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1

Tank Outside Diameter (ft) From To 112.54 112.87 112.88 114.13 114.14 115.43 115.44 115.83 115.84 116.18 117.44 118.73 119.14 119.48 120.74 122.03 122.44 122.78 124.03 125.33 125.73 126.08 127.33 128.63 128.99 129.46 130.63 131.93 116.17 117.43 118.72 119.13 119.47 120.73 122.02 122.43 122.77 124.02 125.32 125.72 126.07 127.32 128.62 138.92 129.45 130.62 131.92 132.28

Layout Sequence 12(H3) 12(H3) + M 6(H3)+M+6(H3)+M 4(H3)+M+4(H3)+M+4(H3)+M 11(H3)+2(H2) 11(H3)+2(H2)+M 11(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 6(H3)+M+5(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 12(H3)+H2 12(H3)+H2+M 12(H3)+M+H2+M 6(H3)+M+6(H3)+M+H2+M 13(H3) 13(H3) + M 7(H3)+M+6(H3)+M 5(H3)+M+4(H3)+M+4(H3)+M 12(H3)+2(H2) 12(H3)+2(H2)+M 12(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 6(H3)+M+6(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 13(H3)+H2 13(H3)+H2+M 13(H3)+M+H2+M 7(H3)+M+6(H3)+M+H2+M

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 6

Quantity Calculation for Outside Tank Scaffold


Chart 6-A Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections (continued) CHART 6-A FOR ADJUSTABLE METAL SCAFFOLD OUTSIDE TANK
# Of 3# Of Total # of Hinged Make- Platforms Sections ups "M" "N" H3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 42 42 42 42 43 43 43 43 44 44 44 44 45 45 45 45 46 46 46 46 47 47 47 47 14 14 14 14 13 13 13 13 14 14 14 14 15 15 15 15 14 14 14 14 15 15 15 15 # Of 2Hinged Sections H2 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1

Tank Outside Diameter (ft) From To 132.29 132.75 132.76 133.92 133.93 135.22 135.23 135.58 135.59 136.06 137.23 138.53 138.93 139.28 140.53 141.83 142.23 142.58 143.83 145.13 145.53 145.87 147.13 148.43 148.83 149.17 150.43 151.73 136.05 137.22 138.52 138.88 139.27 140.52 141.82 142.22 142.57 143.82 145.12 145.52 145.86 147.12 148.42 148.82 149.16 150.42 151.72 152.12

Layout Sequence 14(H3) 14(H3) + M 7(H3)+M+7(H3)+M 5(H3)+M+5(H3)+M+4(H3)+M 13(H3)+2(H2) 13(H3)+2(H2)+M 13(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 7(H3)+M+6(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 14(H3)+H2 14(H3)+H2+M 14(H3)+M+H2+M 7(H3)+M+7(H3)+M+H2+M 15(H3) 15(H3) + M 8(H3)+M+7(H3)+M 5(H3)+M+5(H3)+M+5(H3)+M 14(H3)+2(H2) 14(H3)+2(H2)+M 14(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 7(H3)+M+7(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 15(H3)+H2 15(H3)+H2+M 15(H3)+M+H2+M 8(H3)+M+7(H3)+M+H2+M

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 6

Quantity Calculation for Outside Tank Scaffold


Chart 6-A Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections (continued) CHART 6-A FOR ADJUSTABLE METAL SCAFFOLD OUTSIDE TANK
# Of 3# Of Total # of Hinged Make- Platforms Sections ups "M" "N" H3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 48 48 48 48 49 49 49 49 50 50 50 50 51 51 51 51 52 52 52 52 53 53 53 53 16 16 16 16 15 15 15 15 16 16 16 16 17 17 17 17 16 16 16 16 17 17 17 17 # Of 2Hinged Sections H2 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1

Tank Outside Diameter (ft) From To 152.13 152.46 152.47 153.72 153.73 155.02 155.03 155.42 155.43 155.78 157.03 158.33 158.73 159.08 160.33 161.63 162.03 162.38 163.63 164.93 165.33 165.68 166.93 168.23 168.63 168.98 170.23 171.53 155.77 157.02 158.32 158.72 159.07 160.32 161.62 162.02 162.37 163.62 164.92 165.32 165.67 166.92 168.22 168.62 168.97 170.22 171.52 171.92

Layout Sequence 16(H3) 16(H3) + M 8(H3)+M+8(H3)+M 6(H3)+M+5(H3)+M+5(H3)+M 15(H3)+2(H2) 15(H3)+2(H2)+M 15(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 8(H3)+M+7(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 16(H3)+H2 16(H3)+H2+M 16(H3)+M+H2+M 8(H3)+M+8(H3)+M+H2+M 17(H3) 17(H3) + M 9(H3)+M+8(H3)+M 6(H3)+M+6(H3)+M+5(H3)+M 16(H3)+2(H2) 16(H3)+2(H2)+M 16(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 8(H3)+M+8(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 17(H3)+H2 17(H3)+H2+M 17(H3)+M+H2+M 9(H3)+M+8(H3)+M+H2+M

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 6

Quantity Calculation for Outside Tank Scaffold


Chart 6-A Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections (continued) CHART 6-A FOR ADJUSTABLE METAL SCAFFOLD OUTSIDE TANK
# Of 3# Of Total # of Hinged Make- Platforms Sections ups "M" "N" H3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 54 54 54 54 55 55 55 55 56 56 56 56 57 57 57 57 58 58 58 58 59 59 59 59 18 18 18 18 17 17 17 17 18 18 18 18 19 19 19 19 18 18 18 18 19 19 19 19 # Of 2Hinged Sections H2 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1

Tank Outside Diameter (ft) From To 171.93 172.27 172.28 173.52 173.53 174.82 174.83 175.22 175.23 175.58 176.83 178.13 178.54 178.88 180.13 181.43 181.84 182.18 183.44 184.73 185.14 185.48 186.74 188.03 188.44 188.78 190.04 191.34 175.57 176.82 178.12 178.53 178.87 180.12 181.42 181.83 182.17 183.43 184.72 185.13 185.47 186.73 188.02 188.43 188.77 190.03 191.33 191.73

Layout Sequence 18(H3) 18(H3) + M 9(H3)+M+9(H3)+M 6(H3)+M+6(H3)+M+6(H3)+M 17(H3)+2(H2) 17(H3)+2(H2)+M 17(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 9(H3)+M+8(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 18(H3)+H2 18(H3)+H2+M 18(H3)+M+H2+M 9(H3)+M+9(H3)+M+H2+M 19(H3) 19(H3) + M 10(H3)+M+9(H3)+M 7(H3)+M+6(H3)+M+6(H3)+M 18(H3)+2(H2) 18(H3)+2(H2)+M 18(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 9(H3)+M+9(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 19(H3)+H2 19(H3)+H2+M 19(H3)+M+H2+M 10(H3)+M+9(H3)+M+H2+M

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 6

Quantity Calculation for Outside Tank Scaffold


Chart 6-A Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections (continued) CHART 6-A FOR ADJUSTABLE METAL SCAFFOLD OUTSIDE TANK
# Of 3# Of Total # of Hinged Make- Platforms Sections ups "M" "N" H3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 60 60 60 60 61 61 61 61 62 62 62 62 63 63 63 63 64 64 64 64 65 65 65 65 20 20 20 20 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 20 21 21 21 21 20 20 20 20 21 21 21 21 # Of 2Hinged Sections H2 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1

Tank Outside Diameter (ft) From To 191.74 192.07 192.08 193.33 193.34 194.63 194.64 195.03 195.04 195.38 196.64 197.94 198.34 198.68 199.94 201.24 201.64 201.98 203.24 204.54 204.94 205.29 206.54 207.84 208.24 208.59 209.84 211.14 195.37 196.63 197.93 198.33 198.67 199.93 201.23 201.63 201.97 203.23 204.53 204.93 205.28 206.53 207.83 208.23 208.58 209.83 211.13 211.54

Layout Sequence 20(H3) 20(H3) + M 10(H3)+M+10(H3)+M 7(H3)+M+7(H3)+M+6(H3)+M 19(H3)+2(H2) 19(H3)+2(H2)+M 19(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 10(H3)+M+9(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 20(H3)+H2 20(H3)+H2+M 20(H3)+M+H2+M 10(H3)+M+10(H3)+M+H2+M 21(H3) 21(H3) + M 11(H3)+M+10(H3)+M 7(H3)+M+7(H3)+M+7(H3)+M 20(H3)+2(H2) 20(H3)+2(H2)+M 20(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 10(H3)+M+10(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 21(H3)+H2 21(H3)+H2+M 21(H3)+M+H2+M 11(H3)+M+10(H3)+M+H2+M

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 6

Quantity Calculation for Outside Tank Scaffold


Chart 6-A Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections (continued) CHART 6-A FOR ADJUSTABLE METAL SCAFFOLD OUTSIDE TANK
# Of 3# Of Total # of Hinged Make- Platforms Sections ups "M" "N" H3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 66 66 66 66 67 67 67 67 68 68 68 68 69 69 69 69 70 70 70 70 71 71 71 71 22 22 22 22 21 21 21 21 22 22 22 22 23 23 23 23 22 22 22 22 23 23 23 23 # Of 2Hinged Sections H2 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1

10

Tank Outside Diameter (ft) From To 211.55 211.88 211.89 213.14 213.15 214.43 214.44 214.84 214.85 215.19 216.45 217.75 218.15 218.49 219.75 221.05 221.45 221.79 223.05 224.35 224.75 225.09 226.35 227.65 228.05 228.39 229.65 230.95 215.18 216.44 217.74 218.14 218.48 219.74 221.04 221.44 221.78 223.04 224.34 224.74 225.08 226.34 227.64 228.04 228.38 229.64 230.94 231.34

Layout Sequence 22(H3) 22(H3) + M 11(H3)+M+11(H3)+M 8(H3)+M+7(H3)+M+7(H3)+M 21(H3)+2(H2) 21(H3)+2(H2)+M 21(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 11(H3)+M+10(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 22(H3)+H2 22(H3)+H2+M 22(H3)+M+H2+M 11(H3)+M+11(H3)+M+H2+M 23(H3) 23(H3) + M 12(H3)+M+11(H3)+M 8(H3)+M+8(H3)+M+7(H3)+M 22(H3)+2(H2) 22(H3)+2(H2)+M 22(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 11(H3)+M+11(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 23(H3)+H2 23(H3)+H2+M 23(H3)+M+H2+M 12(H3)+M+11(H3)+M+H2+M

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 6

Quantity Calculation for Outside Tank Scaffold


Chart 6-A Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections (continued) CHART 6-A FOR ADJUSTABLE METAL SCAFFOLD OUTSIDE TANK
# Of 3# Of Total # of Hinged Make- Platforms Sections ups "M" "N" H3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 72 72 72 72 73 73 73 73 74 74 74 74 75 75 75 75 76 76 76 76 77 77 77 77 24 24 24 24 23 23 23 23 24 24 24 24 25 25 25 25 24 24 24 24 25 25 25 25 # Of 2Hinged Sections H2 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1

11

Tank Outside Diameter (ft) From To 231.35 231.69 231.70 232.94 232.95 234.24 234.25 234.64 234.65 235.00 236.25 237.55 237.96 238.30 239.56 240.86 241.26 241.60 242.86 244.16 244.56 244.90 246.16 247.46 247.86 248.20 249.46 250.76 234.99 236.24 237.54 237.95 238.29 239.55 240.85 241.25 241.59 242.85 244.15 244.55 244.89 246.15 247.45 247.85 248.19 249.45 250.75 251.15

Layout Sequence 24(H3) 24(H3) + M 12(H3)+M+12(H3)+M 8(H3)+M+8(H3)+M+8(H3)+M 23(H3)+2(H2) 23(H3)+2(H2)+M 23(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 12(H3)+M+11(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 24(H3)+H2 24(H3)+H2+M 24(H3)+M+H2+M 12(H3)+M+12(H3)+M+H2+M 25(H3) 25(H3) + M 13(H3)+M+12(H3)+M 9(H3)+M+8(H3)+M+8(H3)+M 24(H3)+2(H2) 24(H3)+2(H2)+M 24(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 12(H3)+M+12(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 25(H3)+H2 25(H3)+H2+M 25(H3)+M+H2+M 13(H3)+M+12(H3)+M+H2+M

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 6

Quantity Calculation for Outside Tank Scaffold


Chart 6-A Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections (continued) CHART 6-A FOR ADJUSTABLE METAL SCAFFOLD OUTSIDE TANK
# Of 3# Of Total # of Hinged Make- Platforms Sections ups "M" "N" H3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 78 78 78 78 79 79 79 79 26 26 26 26 25 25 25 25 26 # Of 2Hinged Sections H2 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 1

12

Tank Outside Diameter (ft) From To 251.16 251.50 251.51 252.75 252.76 254.05 254.06 254.45 254.46 254.81 256.06 257.36 257.77 258.11 254.80 256.05 257.35 257.76

Layout Sequence 26(H3) 26(H3) + M 13(H3)+M+13(H3)+M 9(H3)+M+9(H3)+M+8(H3)+M 25(H3)+2(H2) 25(H3)+2(H2)+M 25(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 13(H3)+M+12(H3)+M+2(H2)+M 26(H3)+H2

258.10 0 80 OR GREATER CONSULT CCT

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 6

Quantity Calculation for Outside Tank Scaffold


Table 6-B AMS Quantity Calculation With No Make-ups Calculation Table 6-B For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Outside Tank with No Make-ups
1. From Tank Drawings record Tank OD at 1st ring in Decimal Feet xxx.xx' (1st ring) OD = See Chart 6-B and Confirm "No" make-ups 2. From Tank Drawings record Tank OD at top ring in Decimal Feet xxx.xx' (Top ring) OD = See Chart 6-B and Confirm "No" make-ups 3. If Make-ups, "M", are needed at 1st ring or top ring STOP HERE and go back to Calculation Table 6-A 4. See Chart 6-B and record Total Number of Platforms N N= 5. See Chart 6-B and record "OHR" (inches) OHR = 6. Calculate TBOR in Inches xxx.xx" TBOR = (OD at 1st ring /2) x 12 = 7. Calculate "X" at 1st ring X = OHR - TBOR = 8. Is "X" between 37" and 39"

13

Yes = Continue No = Consult CCT

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 6

Quantity Calculation for Outside Tank Scaffold


Table 6-B AMS Quantity Calculation With No Make-ups (continued) Calculation Table 6-B For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Outside Tank with No Make-ups
9. Calculate TTOR in Inches xxx.xx" TTOR = (OD at top ring /2) x 12 = 10. Calculate "X" at Top ring X = OHR - TBOR = 11. Is "X" between 37" and 39"

14

Yes = Continue No = Consult CCT 12. See Chart 6-B and Record IHC the Distance Between Inside Hinges IHC= 13. See Chart 6-B and Record Arc Factor ARF= 14. Calculate ARC at 1st Ring BA = ARF x TBOR =

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 6

Quantity Calculation for Outside Tank Scaffold


Chart 6-B Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections With No Make-ups
CHART 6-B

15

FOR ADJUSTABLE METAL SCAFFOLD ON OUTSIDE TANK WITH NO MAKE-UPS


# Of 3# Of Total # of Hinged Make- Platforms Sections ups M "N" H3 None None None None None None None None None None None None None None None None None None None 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 10 9 10 11 10 11 12 11 12 13 12 13 14 13 14 15 14 15 16 # Of 2Hinged Sections H2 0 2 1 0 2 1 0 2 1 0 2 1 0 2 1 0 2 1 0 Distance Hinge Between Radius Inside "OHR" Hinges IHC ARC Factor (inches) (inches) "ARF" 595.53 615.31 635.09 654.88 674.66 694.45 714.24 734.03 753.82 773.61 793.41 813.20 833.00 852.79 872.59 892.39 912.19 931.99 951.79 118.04 118.25 118.44 118.63 118.80 118.96 119.12 119.27 119.40 119.54 119.66 119.78 119.89 120.00 120.10 120.20 120.29 120.38 120.47 0.2094 0.2027 0.1963 0.1904 0.1848 0.1795 0.1745 0.1698 0.1653 0.1611 0.1571 0.1531 0.1496 0.1461 0.1428 0.1396 0.1366 0.1337 0.1309

Tank Outside Diameter (ft) From To 92.75 93.09 96.05 99.35 96.39 99.68

Angle (deg) 12.0000 11.6129 11.2500 10.9091 10.5882 10.2857 10.0000 9.7297 9.4737 9.2308 9.0000 8.7805 8.5714 8.3721 8.1818 8.0000 7.8261 7.6596 7.5000

Layout Sequence 10(H3) 9(H3)+2(H2) 10(H3)+H2 11(H3) 10(H3)+2(H2) 11(H3)+H2 12(H3) 11(H3)+2(H2) 12(H3)+H2 13(H3) 12(H3)+2(H2) 13(H3)+H2 14(H3) 13(H3)+2(H2) 14(H3)+H2 15(H3) 14(H3)+2(H2) 15(H3)+H2 16(H3)

102.65 102.98 105.94 106.28 109.24 109.57 112.54 112.87 115.84 116.17 119.14 119.47 122.44 122.77 125.73 126.07 128.99 129.45 132.29 132.75 135.59 136.05 138.93 139.27 142.23 142.57 145.53 145.86 148.83 149.16 152.13 152.46

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 6

Quantity Calculation for Outside Tank Scaffold


Chart 6-B

16

Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections With No Make-ups (continued)


CHART 6-B

FOR ADJUSTABLE METAL SCAFFOLD ON OUTSIDE TANK WITH NO MAKE-UPS


# Of 3# Of Total # of Hinged Make- Platforms Sections ups M "N" H3 None None None None None None None None None None None None None None None None None None None None 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 15 16 17 16 17 18 17 18 19 18 19 20 19 20 21 20 21 22 21 22 # Of 2Hinged Sections H2 2 1 0 2 1 0 2 1 0 2 1 0 2 1 0 2 1 0 2 1 Distance Hinge Between Radius Inside "OHR" Hinges IHC ARC Factor (inches) (inches) "ARF" 971.59 991.39 1011.19 1031.00 1050.80 1070.60 1090.41 1110.21 1130.02 1149.82 1169.63 1189.43 1209.24 1229.04 1248.85 1268.66 1288.46 1308.27 1328.08 1347.89 120.55 120.63 120.71 120.78 120.85 120.92 120.98 121.05 121.11 121.17 121.22 121.28 121.33 121.38 121.43 121.48 121.53 121.57 121.61 121.66 0.1282 0.1257 0.1232 0.1208 0.1185 0.1164 0.1142 0.1122 0.1102 0.1083 0.1065 0.1047 0.1030 0.1013 0.0997 0.0982 0.0966 0.0952 0.0938 0.0924

Tank Outside Diameter (ft) From To 155.43 155.77 158.73 159.07 162.03 162.37 165.33 165.67 168.63 168.97 171.93 172.27 175.23 175.57 178.54 178.87 181.84 182.17 185.14 185.47 188.44 188.77 191.74 192.07 195.04 195.37 198.34 198.67 201.64 201.97 204.94 205.28 208.24 208.58 211.55 211.88 214.85 215.18 218.15 218.48

Angle (deg) 7.3469 7.2000 7.0588 6.9231 6.7925 6.6667 6.5455 6.4286 6.3158 6.2069 6.1017 6.0000 5.9016 5.8065 5.7143 5.6250 5.5385 5.4545 5.3731 5.2941

Layout Sequence 15(H3)+2(H2) 16(H3)+H2 17(H3) 16(H3)+2(H2) 17(H3)+H2 18(H3) 17(H3)+2(H2) 18(H3)+H2 19(H3) 18(H3)+2(H2) 19(H3)+H2 20(H3) 19(H3)+2(H2) 20(H3)+H2 21(H3) 20(H3)+2(H2) 21(H3)+H2 22(H3) 21(H3)+2(H2) 22(H3)+H2

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

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Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 6

Quantity Calculation for Outside Tank Scaffold


Chart 6-B

17

Quantities of AMS Scaffold Sections With No Make-ups (continued)


CHART 6-B

FOR ADJUSTABLE METAL SCAFFOLD ON OUTSIDE TANK WITH NO MAKE-UPS


# Of 3# Of Total # of Hinged Make- Platforms Sections ups M "N" H3 None None None None None None None None None None None 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 23 22 23 24 23 24 25 24 25 26 25 26 # Of 2Hinged Sections H2 0 2 1 0 2 1 0 2 1 0 2 1 Distance Hinge Between Radius Inside "OHR" Hinges IHC ARC Factor (inches) (inches) "ARF" 1367.69 1387.50 1407.31 1427.12 1446.93 1466.74 1486.54 1506.35 1526.16 1545.97 1565.78 1585.59 121.70 121.74 121.78 121.81 121.85 121.89 121.92 121.96 121.99 122.02 122.05 122.08 0.0911 0.0898 0.0885 0.0873 0.0861 0.0849 0.0838 0.0827 0.0816 0.0806 0.0795 0.0785

Tank Outside Diameter (ft) From To 221.45 221.78 224.75 225.08 228.05 228.38 231.35 231.69 234.65 234.99 237.96 238.29 241.26 241.59 244.56 244.89 247.86 248.19 251.16 251.50 254.46 254.80

Angle (deg) 5.2174 5.1429 5.0704 5.0000 4.9315 4.8649 4.8000 4.7368 4.6753 4.6154 4.5570 4.5000

Layout Sequence 23(H3) 22(H3)+2(H2) 23(H3)+H2 24(H3) 23(H3)+2(H2) 24(H3)+H2 25(H3) 24(H3)+2(H2) 25(H3)+H2 26(H3) 25(H3)+2(H2) 26(H3)+H2

257.77 258.10 None 80 258.11 OR GREATER CONSULT CCT

Original By: RDS

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Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

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Example Layouts For Inside Tank Scaffold


7.0 Example Layouts For Inside Tank Scaffold

The following pages are 3 examples using the Adjustable Metal Scaffold inside a tank. The sizes considered are: 1) 103- 3 13/16 ID Tank 2) 106- 10 11/16 ID Tank 3) 136- 3 ID Tank The first tank was chosen to be example of a tank requiring no make-up section. The scaffold ring will have a layout sequence of 9(H3)+2(H2) and it will have 31 trapezoidal platforms. The second tank chosen is an example of a tank requiring no make-up section at the 1st ring but since a make-up is needed at the top ring the AMS will have a make-up section. The scaffold ring will have a layout sequence of 10(H3)+H2+M and it will have 32 trapezoidal platforms with a make-up in one of the platforms. The third tank chosen is an example of a tank requiring (3) three make-up sections at the 1st ring but no make-up is needed at the top ring. The default is that the AMS used, for the complete erection of the tank, will be a scaffold ring with (3) three make-up sections. The scaffold ring will have a layout sequence of 6(H3)+M+6(H3)+M+2(H2)+M and it will have 40 trapezoidal platforms with a make-up in three of the platforms. For the computation of Calculation Tables 5-A & 5-B, spreadsheet software can be used and is suggested. CCT can provide these spreadsheets or CCT can determine the quantities if requested. CCT can also provide a drawing of the layout for any size tank. The inside diameter of the tank shells first and top ring will be required to begin the calculations.

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 7

Example Layouts For Inside Tank Scaffold

7.1

Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 103-3 13/16 ID Tank Example Calculation Table 5-A For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Inside Tank 1st RING ID = 103-3 13/16 TOP RING ID = 103-6 5/16
From Tank Drawings record Tank ID at 1st ring in Decimal Feet xxx.xxxx' (1st ring) ID = See Chart 5-A and Record M & N M= N=

1.

103.3177 0 31

2.

From Tank Drawings record Tank ID at top ring in Decimal Feet xxx.xxxx' (Top ring) ID = See Chart 5-A and Record M & N M= N=

103.5260 0 31

3.

If "M" equals 0 at the 1st ring & the top ring STOP HERE & go to Calculation Table 5-B

Example Calculation Table 5-B For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Inside Tank with No Make-ups 1st RING ID = 103-3 13/16 TOP RING ID = 103-6 5/16
1. From Tank Drawings record Tank ID at 1st ring in Decimal Feet xxx.xx' (1st ring) ID = See Chart 5-B and Confirm "No" make-ups

103.32 none

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

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Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 7

Example Layouts For Inside Tank Scaffold


7.1

Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 103-3 13/16 ID Tank (continued) Example (continued) Calculation Table 5-B For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Inside Tank with No Make-ups 1st RING ID = 103-3 13/16 TOP RING ID = 103-6 5/16
From Tank Drawings record Tank ID at top ring in Decimal Feet xxx.xx' (top ring) ID = See Chart 5-B and Confirm "No" make-ups

2.

103.53 none

3.

If Make-ups, "M", are needed at 1st ring or top ring STOP HERE and go back to Calculation Table 5-A

4.

See Chart 5-B and record Total Number of Platforms "N" N=

31

5.

See Chart 5-B and record "OHR" (inches) OHR =

615.31

6.

Calculate TBIR in Inches xxx.xx" TBIR = (ID at 1st ring /2) x 12 =

619.92

7.

Calculate "X" at 1st ring X = TBIR - OHR =

4.61 0-4 5/8

8.

Is "X" between 4.47" and 7.5" Yes = Continue No = Consult CCT

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 7

Example Layouts For Inside Tank Scaffold


7.1

Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 103-3 13/16 ID Tank (continued) Example (continued) Calculation Table 5-B For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Inside Tank with No Make-ups 1st RING ID = 103-3 13/16 TOP RING ID= 103-6 5/16
Calculate TTIR in Inches xxx.xx" TTIR = (ID at top ring /2) x 12 =

9.

621.17

10. Calculate "X" at Top ring X = TTIR - OHR = 11. Is "X" between 4.47" and 7.5" Yes = Continue No = Consult CCT 12. See Chart 5-B and Record IHC the Distance Between Inside Hinges IHC= 13. See Chart 5-B and Record Angle Factors AF= 6AF= 14. Calculate Chord BC at 1st Ring BC = AF x TBIR = 15. Calculate 6BC Chord at 1st Ring (Beginning of the 1 to the end of the 6 chord) 6BC = 6AF x TBIR =
st th

5.86 0-5 7/8

118.25 9-10 1/4 0.2023 1.1425 125.41 10-5 7/16 708.26 59-0 1/4

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

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Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 7

Example Layouts For Inside Tank Scaffold


7.1

Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 103-3 13/16 ID Tank (continued)

Figure 7-1 Layout Sequence for 103-3 13/16 ID Tank

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

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Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

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Example Layouts For Inside Tank Scaffold


7.2 Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 106-10 11/16 ID Tank Example Calculation Table 5-A For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Inside Tank 1st RING ID = 106-10 11/16 TOP RING ID = 107-1 5/16
From Tank Drawings record Tank ID at 1st ring in Decimal Feet xxx.xxxx' (1st ring) ID = See Chart 5-A and Record M & N M= N= 2. From Tank Drawings record Tank ID at top ring in Decimal Feet xxx.xxxx' (Top ring) ID = See Chart 5-A and Record M & N M= N= 3. If "M" equals 0 at the 1st ring & the top ring STOP HERE & go to Calculation Table 5-B Re-Enter Tank ID that uses most make-ups, "M", in Decimal Feet xxx.xxxx' If "M" is the same at both the 1st ring & top ring then record 1st ring I.D. ID = Re-Record M & N M= N= 5. Calculate TBIR in Inches xxx.xx" TBIR = (ID at 1st ring /2) x 12 = 6. Calculate TTIR in Inches xxx.xx" TTIR = (ID at top ring /2) x 12 = 7. Calculate OHR in Inches xxx.xx" OHR = TBIR - 5 = 8. Calculate "X" at top ring X = TTIR - OHR =

1.

106.8906 0 32 107.1094 1 32

4.

107.1100 1 32

641.34

642.66

636.34

6.31 0-6 5/16

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

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Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 7

Example Layouts For Inside Tank Scaffold


7.2

Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 106-10 11/16 ID Tank (continued) Example (continued) Calculation Table5-A For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Inside Tank 1st RING ID = 106-10 11/16 TOP RING ID = 107-1 5/16
Is "X" at Top ring between 4.47" & 7.5" Yes = Continue No = Consult CCT

9.

10. Calculate Angle A between Sections w/o Make-ups (xx.xxxx) (degrees) A = (ASIN (62.25/OHR)) x 2 = 11. Calculate Angle B between Sections w/ Make-ups (xx.xxxx) (degrees) B = (360 - ((A) x (N-M)) / M = 12. Calculate Gap Angle GA (x.xxxx) (degrees) GA = B - A = 13. Calculate Gap (xx.xx) (inches) GAP = 2 x ((TAN (GA/2) x (OHR x (COS (B/2))) = 14. Is GAP < 49" ? Yes = Continue No = Consult CCT 15. Calculate IHC (distance between adjacent inside hinges) (inches) IHC = ((OHR- (30.75/(COS (A/2)))) x (SIN (A/2))) x 2 = 16. Calculate Angle C to Make-up Bracket (x.xxxx) (degrees) C = B/2 = 17. Calculate Chord between Section Bracket Straps (inches) BC = (TBIR x SIN (A/2)) x 2 = 18. Calculate Chord between 1 strap and 7 Strap (6 spaces) (inches) 6BC = (TBIR x SIN (3 x A)) x 2 = 19. Calculate Chord at Make-ups (inches) BMC = (TBIR x SIN (C/2)) x 2 =
st th

11.2278 11.9376 0.7098 7.84

118.45 9-10 7/16 5.9688 125.48 10-5 1/2 711.39 59-3 3/8 66.78 5-6 13/16

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

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Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

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Example Layouts For Inside Tank Scaffold

7.2

Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 106-10 11/16 ID Tank (continued)

Figure 7-2 Layout Sequence for 106-10 11/16 ID Tank

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

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Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

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Example Layouts For Inside Tank Scaffold


7.3 Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 136-3 ID Tank Example Calculation Table 5-A For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Inside Tank 1st RING ID = 136-3 TOP RING ID = 136-5 5/8
From Tank Drawings record Tank ID at 1st ring in Decimal Feet xxx.xxxx' (1st ring) ID = See Chart 5-A and Record M & N M= N=

1.

136.2500 3 40

2.

From Tank Drawings record Tank ID at top ring in Decimal Feet xxx.xxxx' (Top ring) ID = See Chart 5-A and Record M & N M= N=

136.4688 0 41

3. 4.

If "M" equals 0 at the 1st ring & the top ring STOP HERE & go to Calculation Table 5-B Re-Enter Tank ID that uses most make-ups, "M", in Decimal Feet xxx.xxxx' If "M" is the same at both the 1st ring & top ring then record 1st ring I.D. ID = Re-Record M & N M= N=

136.2500 3 40

5.

Calculate TBIR in Inches xxx.xx" TBIR = (ID at 1st ring /2) x 12=

817.50

6. 7.

Calculate TTIR in Inches xxx.xx" TTIR = (ID at top ring /2) x 12 = Calculate OHR in Inches xxx.xx" OHR = TBIR - 5 =

818.81 812.50

8.

Calculate "X" at top ring X = TTIR - OHR =

6.31 0-6 5/16

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 7

Example Layouts For Inside Tank Scaffold


7.3

10

Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 136-3 ID Tank (continued) Example (continued) Calculation Table 5-A For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Inside Tank 1st RING ID = 136-3 TOP RING ID = 136-5 5/8
Is "X" at Top ring between 4.47" & 7.5" Yes = Continue No = Consult CCT

9.

10. Calculate Angle A between Sections w/o Make-ups (xx.xxxx) (degrees) A = (ASIN (62.25/OHR)) x 2 = 11. Calculate Angle B between Sections w/ Make-ups (xx.xxxx) (degrees) B = (360 - ((A) x (N-M)) / M = 12. Calculate Gap Angle GA (x.xxxx) (degrees) GA = B - A = 13. Calculate Gap (xx.xx) (inches) GAP = 2 x ((TAN (GA/2) x (OHR x (COS (B/2))) = 14. Is GAP < 49" ? Yes = Continue No = Consult CCT 15. Calculate IHC (distance between adjacent inside hinges) (inches) IHC = ((OHR- (30.75/(COS (A/2)))) x (SIN (A/2))) x 2 = 16. Calculate Angle C to Make-up Bracket (x.xxxx) (degrees) C = B/2 = 17. Calculate Chord between Section Bracket Straps (inches) BC = (TBIR x SIN (A/2)) x 2 = 18. Calculate Chord between 1 strap and 7 Strap (6 spaces) (inches) 6BC = (TBIR x SIN (3 x A)) x 2 = 19. Calculate Chord at Make-ups (inches) BMC = (TBIR x SIN (C/2)) x 2 =
st th

8.7881 11.6136 2.8255 39.87

119.77 9-11 5.8068 125.27 10-5 1/4 726.07 60-6 1/16 82.82 6-10 13/16

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 7

Example Layouts For Inside Tank Scaffold


7.3

11

Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 136-3 ID Tank (continued)

Figure 7-3 Layout Sequence for 136-3 ID Tank

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

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Date:

<This Page Intentionally Left Blank >

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

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Example Layouts For Outside Tank Scaffold


8.0 Example Layouts For Outside Tank Scaffold

The following pages are 3 examples using the Adjustable Metal Scaffold outside a tank. The sizes considered are: 1) 96- 2 1/2 OD Tank 2) 99- 10 OD Tank 3) 129- 0 OD Tank The first tank was chosen to be example of a tank requiring no make-up section. The scaffold ring will have a layout sequence of 9(H3)+2(H2) and it will have 31 trapezoidal platforms. The second tank chosen is an example of a tank requiring no make-up section at the top ring but since a make-up is needed at the 1st ring the AMS will have a make-up section. The scaffold ring will have a layout sequence of 10(H3)+H2+M and it will have 32 trapezoidal platforms with a make-up in one of the platforms. The third tank chosen is an example of a tank requiring (3) three make-up sections at the top ring but no make-up is needed at the1st ring. The default is that the AMS used, for the complete erection of the tank, will be a scaffold ring with (3) three make-up sections. The scaffold ring will have a layout sequence of 6(H3)+M+6(H3)+M+2(H2)+M and it will have 40 trapezoidal platforms with a make-up in three of the platforms. For the computation of Calculation Tables 6-A & 6-B, spreadsheet software can be used and is suggested. CCT can provide these spreadsheets or CCT can determine the quantities if requested. CCT can also provide a drawing of the layout for any size tank. The outside diameter of the tank shells first and top ring will be required to begin the calculations.

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 8

Example Layouts For Outside Tank Scaffold


8.1 Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 96-2 OD Tank Example Calculation Table 6-A For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Outside Tank 1st RING OD = 96-2 1/2 TOP RING OD = 96-1
From Tank Drawings record Tank OD at 1st ring in Decimal Feet xxx.xxxx'

1.

(1st ring) OD = See Chart 6-A and Record M & N M= N= 2. From Tank Drawings record Tank OD at top ring in Decimal Feet xxx.xxxx' (Top ring) OD = See Chart 6-A and Record M & N M= N= 3. If "M" equals 0 at the 1st ring & the top ring STOP HERE & go to Calculation Table 6-B

96.2083 0 31

96.0833 0 31

Example Calculation Table 6-B For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Outside Tank with No Make-ups 1st RING OD = 96-2 1/2 TOP RING OD = 96-1
1. From Tank Drawings record Tank OD at 1st ring in Decimal Feet xxx.xx' (1st ring) OD = See Chart 6-B and Confirm "No" make-ups

96.21 none

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

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Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 8

Example Layouts For Outside Tank Scaffold


8.1

Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 96-2 OD Tank (continued) Example (continued) Calculation Table 6-B For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Outside Tank with No Make-ups 1st RING OD = 96-2 1/2 TOP RING OD = 96-1
From Tank Drawings record Tank OD at top ring in Decimal Feet xxx.xx' (Top ring) OD = See Chart 6-B and Confirm "No" make-ups

2.

96.08 none

3.

If Make-ups, "M", are needed at 1st ring or top ring STOP HERE and go back to Calculation Table 6-A

4.

See Chart 6-B and record Total Number of Platforms N N=

31

5.

See Chart 6-B and record "OHR" (inches) OHR =

615.31

6.

Calculate TBOR in Inches xxx.xx" TBOR = (OD at 1st ring /2) x 12 =

577.25

7.

Calculate "X" at 1st ring X = OHR - TBOR =

38.06 3-2 1/16

8.

Is "X" between 37" and 39" Yes = Continue No = Consult CCT

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 8

Example Layouts For Outside Tank Scaffold


8.1

Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 96-2 OD Tank (continued) Example (continued) Calculation Table 6-B For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Outside Tank with No Make-ups 1st RING OD = 96-2 1/2 TOP RING OD = 96-1
Calculate TTOR in Inches xxx.xx" TTOR = (OD at top ring /2) x 12 =

9.

576.50

10. Calculate "X" at Top ring X = OHR - TBOR =

38.81 3-2 13/16

11. Is "X" between 37" and 39" Yes= Continue No = Consult CCT 12. See Chart 6-B and Record IHC the Distance Between Inside Hinges IHC= 13. See Chart 6-B and Record Arc Factor ARF= 14. Calculate ARC at 1st Ring BA = ARF x TBOR =

118.25 9-10 1/4 0.2027

117.01 9-9

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 8

Example Layouts For Outside Tank Scaffold

8.1

Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 96-2 OD Tank (continued)

Figure 8-1 Layout Sequence for 96-2 1/2 OD Tank

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

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Example Layouts For Outside Tank Scaffold


8.2 Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 99-10 OD Tank Example Calculation Table 6-A For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Outside Tank 1st RING OD = 99-10 TOP RING OD = 99-8
From Tank Drawings record Tank OD at 1st ring in Decimal Feet xxx.xxxx'

1.

(1st ring) OD = See Chart 6-A and Record M & N M= N= 2. From Tank Drawings record Tank OD at top ring in Decimal Feet xxx.xxxx' (Top ring) OD = See Chart 6-A and Record M & N M= N= 3. 4. If "M" equals 0 at the 1st ring & the top ring STOP HERE & go to Calculation Table 6-B Re-Enter Tank OD that uses most make-ups, "M", in Decimal Feet xxx.xx' If "M" is the same at both the 1st ring & top ring then record 1st ring O.D. OD = Re-Record M & N M= N= 5. Calculate TBOR in Inches xxx.xx" TBOR = (OD at 1st ring /2) x 12 = 6. Calculate TTOR in Inches xxx.xx" TTOR = (OD at top ring /2) x 12 =

99.8333 1 32

99.6667 0 32

99.8333 1 32

599.00

598.00

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

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Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

CB&I Use Only - Confidential Part Page 8

Example Layouts For Outside Tank Scaffold


8.2

Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 99-10 OD Tank (continued) Example (continued) Calculation Table 6-A For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Outside Tank 1st RING OD = 99-10 TOP RING OD = 99-8
Calculate OHR in Inches xxx.xx" OHR = TBOR + 37.25 =

7.

636.25

8.

Calculate "X" at top ring (inches) X = OHR - TTOR =

38.25

9.

Is "X" at Top ring between 37" & 39" Yes = Continue No = Consult CCT

10. Calculate Angle A between Sections w/o Make-ups (xx.xxxx) (degrees) A = (ASIN (62.25/OHR ) ) x 2 = 11. Calculate Angle B between Sections w/ Make-ups (xx.xxxx) (degrees) B = (360 - ((A) x (N-M))) / M = 12. Calculate Gap Angle GA (x.xxxx) (degrees) GA = B - A = 13. Calculate Gap (xx.xx) (inches ) GAP = 2 x ((TAN (GA/2) x (OHR x (COS (B/2))) = 14. Is Gap < 49" ? Yes = Continue No = Consult CCT

11.2295

11.8861

0.6566

7.25

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

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Example Layouts For Outside Tank Scaffold


8.2

Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 99-10 OD Tank (continued) Example (continued) Calculation Table 6-A For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Outside Tank 1st RING OD = 99-10 TOP RING OD = 99-8
IHC = ((OHR- (30.75/(COS (A/2)))) x (SIN (A/2))) x 2 =

15. Calculate IHC (distance between adjacent inside hinges) (inches)

118.45 9-10 7/16 5.9431

16. Calculate Angle C to Make-up Bracket (x.xxxx) (degrees) C = B/2 = 17. Calculate ARC between Section Bracket Straps (inches) BA = (TBOR x 6.2832 X (A/360)) = 18. Calculate ARC between section bracket and make-up bracket (inches) BMA = (TBOR x 6.2832 X (C/360)) =

117.4 9-9 3/8 62.13 5-2 1/8

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

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Example Layouts For Outside Tank Scaffold


8.2

Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 99-10 OD Tank (continued)

Figure 8-2 Layout Sequence for 99-10 OD Tank

Original By: RDS

Date: July 04

Rev:

By:

Date:

Manual No. 43A


Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS)

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Example Layouts For Outside Tank Scaffold


8.3 Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 129-0 OD Tank Example Calculation Table 6-A For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Outside Tank 1st RING OD = 129-0 TOP RING OD = 128-10 1/2
From Tank Drawings record Tank OD at 1st ring in Decimal Feet xxx.xxxx' (1st ring) OD = See Chart 6-A and Record M & N M= N= 2. From Tank Drawings record Tank OD at top ring in Decimal Feet xxx.xxxx' (Top ring) OD = See Chart 6-A and Record M & N M= N= 3. 4. If "M" equals 0 at the 1st ring & the top ring STOP HERE & go to Calculation Table 6-B Re-Enter Tank OD that uses most make-ups, "M", in Decimal Feet xxx.xx' If "M" is the same at both the 1st ring & top ring then record 1st ring O.D. OD = Re-Record M & N M= N= 5. Calculate TBOR in Inches xxx.xx" TBOR = (OD at 1st ring /2) x 12 = 6. Calculate TTOR in Inches xxx.xx" TTOR = (OD at top ring /2) x 12 =

10

1.

129.0000 0 41

128.8750 3 40

128.88 3 40

774.00

773.25

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Example Layouts For Outside Tank Scaffold


8.3

11

Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 129-0 OD Tank (continued) Example (continued) Calculation Table 6-A For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Outside Tank 1st RING OD = 129-0 TOP RING OD = 128-10 1/2
Calculate OHR in Inches xxx.xx" OHR = TBOR + 37.25 =

7.

811.25

8.

Calculate "X" at top ring (inches) X = OHR - TTOR =

38.00

9.

Is "X" at Top ring between 37" & 39" Yes = Continue No = Consult CCT

10. Calculate Angle A between Sections w/o Make-ups (xx.xxxx) (degrees) A = (ASIN (62.25/OHR ) ) x 2 = 11. Calculate Angle B between Sections w/ Make-ups (xx.xxxx) (degrees) B = (360 - ((A) x (N-M))) / M = 12. Calculate Gap Angle GA (x.xxxx) (degrees) GA = B - A = 13. Calculate Gap (xx.xx) (inches ) GAP = 2 x ((TAN (GA/2) x (OHR x (COS (B/2))) = 14. Is Gap < 49" ? Yes = Continue No = Consult CCT

8.8017

11.4462

2.6446

37.26

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Example Layouts For Outside Tank Scaffold


8.3

12

Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 129-0 OD Tank (continued) Example (continued) Calculation Table 6-A For Adjustable Metal Scaffold Outside Tank 1st RING OD = 129-0 TOP RING OD = 128-10 1/2
IHC = ((OHR- (30.75/(COS (A/2)))) x (SIN (A/2))) x 2 =

15. Calculate IHC (distance between adjacent inside hinges) (inches)

119.77 9-11 3/4 5.7231

16. Calculate Angle C to Make-up Bracket (x.xxxx) (degrees) C = B/2 = 17. Calculate ARC between Section Bracket Straps (inches) BA = (TBOR x 6.2832 X (A/360)) = 18. Calculate ARC between section bracket and make-up bracket (inches) BMA = (TBOR x 6.2832 X (C/360)) =

118.9 9-10 7/8 77.31 6-5 5/16

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Example Layouts For Outside Tank Scaffold


8.3

13

Example to Determine AMS Quantities for 129-0 OD Tank (continued)

Figure 8-3 Layout Sequence for 129-0 OD Tank

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Tool List Quantities and Weights


9.0 General Information

a) The number of Adjustable Metal Scaffold Platforms, N, and the quantity of Makeup Sections, M, is key to determining the quantity of all parts needed for the tool list. b) Use the applicable Chart 5-A or Chart 6-A as a reference to determine quantities. c) When shipping the scaffold make sure everything pertaining to the scaffold is shipped together. Small pieces and chain-falls should be shipped in a drum and not loose. d) Refer to Table 9-1 for the major shipping pieces. e) The 2L33-12-A Spacer and the 2L33-12-B Tie-down should ship in a drum. f) The adjustable, 2L33-10-A inside hinge assembly ships installed on the scaffold along with the 2L33-12-9 bar. g) All 5/8 bolts used for installation should ship on the scaffold section. There should be: o 6 bolts installed at each inside hinge o 2 bolts installed at each outside hinge for later attachment of the 2L33-12-B tiedown. o 4 bolts installed at the right end of the scaffold section for the later making of the splice between scaffold sections. h) Each 3-hinged section should ship with a total of 28 bolts. i) Each 2-hinged section should ship with a total of 20 bolts. j) Each make-up section shipped should ship with (4) 5/8 bolts and (4) 2A19 blank nuts temporarily installed. k) If the tank height requires men to climb an un-caged ladder then refer to Table 2-1, item 9 and order enough scaffold boards, 2L29-A Trap Doors, & extra scaffold brackets for the rest platforms. l) The use of the 2L33-22-A Shipping Rack is optional provided the scaffold sections can be properly protected during shipping. An acceptable alternate is to bound the scaffold sections together with steel strapping & separate them using wood blocking.

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Tool List Quantities and Weights


9.1 Tool List Quantity & Weight Table Tool List Quantity & Weight Tool List Quantity & Weight N=___, M=___, H3=___, H2=___
Description Part Number Mark Weight Each (Lbs) 933 Quantity Comments

Table 9-1

Actual Quantity

Actual Weight (Lbs)

3-Hinged Scaffold Section 2-Hinged Scaffold Section Trap Door Section

2L33-1-A

H3 (Less Trap See Chart 5-A or 6-A Door Sections) H2 See Chart 5-A or 6-A One used instead of one of the 3-Hinge Sections (H3) unless over 150' diameter tank then use two. Load at top of Rack One for every Trap Door Section

2L33-3-A

635

2L33-2-A

937

1 or 2

Trap Door Ladder 2L33-15-A Assembly 4 Tank 2L1-3-D Erection Ladder Shipping Rack 2L33-22-A

140 28 3447 96

1 or 2 1 or 2

Scaffold 2L25A-1-A Raising Trolley Lifting Assembly 5-Point Lifting Bridle 2L33-16-A

12

2L33-21-A

176

Regular MakeUp Scaffold 2L33-13-A Section

92

One for every Trap Door Section H3 + H2 One rack ships a total of 8 divided by 8 sections 0 if jumping scaffold with crane 0 or 3 method. 3 if jumping scaffold with trolley methods 1 if jumping scaffold with crane 1 or 3 method. 3 if jumping scaffold with trolley method 1 if jumping scaffold with crane 0 or 1 and bridle and 1 is needed for handling section See Table 5-A and Chart 5-A in Part 5 or Table 6-A and M Chart 6-A in Part 6 for GAP. Use if GAP is less than 49"

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Tool List Quantities and Weights


9.1 Tool List Quantity & Weight Table (continued) Tool List Quantity & Weight (continued) Tool List Quantity & Weight N=___, M=___, H3=___, H2=___
Description Part Number Mark Weight Each (Lbs) Quantity Comments See Table 5-A and Chart 5-A in Part 5 or Table 6-A and Chart 6-A in Part 6 for GAP. If Gap is less than 21" this short makeup can be used instead of the regular make-up See Chart 5-A or 6-A See Chart 5-A or 6-A See Chart 5-A or 6-A

Table 9-1

Actual Quantity

Actual Weight (Lbs)

Short Make-Up Scaffold 2L33-13-B Section (optional) Brackets E549-1

51

32 4 3.6 9 11

N+M N N 2 times M

Spacer 2L33-12-A Assembly Outer Tie Down 2L33-12-B Assembly Make-Up 2L33-14-A Bracket Spacer Scaffold Post E552-1

Hand-Line

Catalog Item

.26/Ft

1 Ton Chain- Catalog Item Fall with 18-0 (Manual, Air, Lift or Electric) Dual Handrail Post Support Long Handrail Short Handrail 2L33-17-A 2L33-18-A 2L33-19-A

66 5 73 52

Use only if rigid handrail is not used Estimated for both inside N times 10.5' + and outside scaffolds. M times 4' + 25' Order only if rigid handrail is not used 0 if lifting scaffold with 0 or 3 crane and bridle. 3 if lifting scaffold with trolleys N+M N+M Use instead of hand-line

2 times H3 + 1 Use instead of hand-line times H2 2 times H3 + 2 times H2 - 2 Use instead of hand-line times M

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Tool List Quantities and Weights


9.1 Tool List Quantity & Weight Table (continued) Tool List Quantity & Weight (continued) Tool List Quantity & Weight N=___, M=___, H3=___, H2=___
Description Make up handrail Gate Strap Vert Ladder Part Number Mark 2L33-20-A 2L33-12-C 2L1-11-A or 2L1-19-A Weight Each (Lbs) 61 2 108 or 128 Quantity Comments

Table 9-1

Actual Quantity

Actual Weight (Lbs)

2 times M Use instead of hand-line 4 2 Use with rigid handrail only

Over The Shell Tie-Off Device

2L69-A

11-A is used for 8 tall plates and 19-A is used for 10 tall plates When the scaffold is used as a suspended scaffold the people 2 or more riding the scaffold must be tied off to an independent life line 2 or more Provide with at least 20 of line

Miller Retractable Catalog Item Lifeline Series 55 or equal

15

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10.0 10.1 Jobsite Photographs Testing The Hinges

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Employees in Canada conduct a load test on the hinges with test weights placed at the end of the scaffold. No significant deformation of the scaffold or hinges was detected. The scaffold hinges passed this test.

Figure 10-1 Scaffold Hinge Load Test

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Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS) Jobsite Photographs
10.2 Testing The Platform

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Employees in Canada conduct a load test of an individual platform with test weights distributed evenly across the platform. No significant deformation of the scaffold or hinges was detected. The scaffold passed this test.

Figure 10-2 Scaffold Platform Load Test

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10.3 Scaffold Staged on Ground

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The AMS is staged around the perimeter of a tank foundation ring wall in anticipation of installing it on the outside of the tank shell.

Figure 10-3 Scaffold Staged on Ground

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10.4

Scaffold Outside and Inside Hinges

The Outside Hinge is in the lower portion of the figure and the Inside Adjustable Hinge is in the upper portion of the figure. The hole to the right of the inside hinge is no longer a lifting point. This hole has been eliminated in the current drawing revisions. Note that D-Rings are missing from the center plate. The D-rings are needed for attachment of the Lifting Assembly. The current revision to the drawings has the Drings. See some of the following figures showing the D-rings and the lifting assembly attaching to them.

Figure 10-4 Inside Adjustable Hinge & Outside Hinge

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Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS) Jobsite Photographs
10.5 Scaffold Swinging Hinge Plates

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Swinging hinge plates are located at the end of a 3-hinged or 2-hinged scaffold section to cover the splice when the sections are bolted together. This location is the connection of (2) two half platforms which is also known as the splice between scaffold sections.

Figure 10-5 Splice Between Scaffold Sections

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Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS) Jobsite Photographs
10.6 Dual Handrail Post Support at Rigid Handrail

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The Dual Handrail Post Support is placed over the post on a bracket to accept the use of the Long and Short Handrails. The Long Handrail is to the right of the figure. The handrails are adjustable at the sliding joints shown.

Figure 10-6 Dual Handrail Posts

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10.7 Spacer Installation

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The Spacer is installed between the AMS and the bracket post. This will enable the AMS to act as a wind-girder so it could withstand up to 90 mph wind. The tie-down that should be attached to the outside hinge has yet to be installed.

Figure 10-7 Spacer Installation

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10.8 Scaffold Jumping

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The AMS scaffold is jumped using the Crane Method. The handrails at the end of the scaffold have been changed on the current design so that an end gate is provided at the end of a scaffold section.

Figure 10-8 Jumping a 3-Hinged Scaffold Section

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Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS) Jobsite Photographs
10.9 Lifting D-Rings

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The D-rings used for attachment of the lifting assembly are installed in this figure. One D-ring is for inside scaffold use; the other is for outside scaffold use. Note the old style hinge was being used at this location and its design required that it be reinforced with the angle shown. Only current style hinges shall be used on current and future projects.

Figure 10-9 Scaffold Section Lifting D-Rings

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Adjustable Metal Scaffold (AMS) Jobsite Photographs
10.10

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10

3-Hinged Scaffold Section Rigged for Jumping

The scaffold section is rigged for jumping on the outside of the tank shell. At this jobsite the rigid handrail was not used and the crew used conventional handrail posts and wire rope hand-line. Note the Lifting Assembly in the middle of the scaffold section is attached to the bracket and the D-ring welded to the AMS. Also note the old style hinge was being used at this location and its design required that it be reinforced with the angles shown. Only current style hinges shall be used on current and future projects.

Figure 10-10 Jumping a 3-Hinged Scaffold Section

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