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Anatomy Helpers: Blood Supply to Abdominal Organs

Esophagus
branches from inferior thyroid a. ( thyrocervical trunk subclavian a.) branches from bronchial a. ( aorta) esophageal a ( thoracic aorta) ascending esophageal branches from left gastric a. ( celiac trunk) ascending branches from inferior phrenic a. ( aorta) venous drainage: correspond to arteries with drainage into IVC or azygous system esophageal veins at the gastro-esophageal junction may drain into the portal system

Stomach
left gastric a ( celiac trunk aorta) right gastric a. ( common hepatic celiac trunk aorta) left gastro-epiploic a ( splenic celiac trunk aorta) right gastro-epiploic a. ( gastroduodenal common hepatic celiac trunk aorta) short gastric arteries ( splenic celiac trunk aorta) venous drainage: correspond to arteries with drainage into splenic vein superior mesenteric vein portal vein

Liver
right & left hepatic a. ( common hepatic celiac trunk aorta) venous drainage: hepatic veins ( IVC)

Gall Bladder
cystic a. ( right hepatic common hepatic celiac trunk aorta) venous drainage: cystic veins ( portal vein)

Spleen
splenic a. ( celiac trunk aorta) venous drainage: splenic vein ( portal vein)

Pancreas
pancreatic arteries ( splenic celiac trunk aorta) retroduodenal a. [branches] ( gastroduodenal common hepatic celiac trunk aorta) anterior & posterior superior pancreato-duodenal a. ( superior pancreato-duodenal gastroduodenal common hepatic celiac trunk aorta) anterior & posterior inferior pancreato-duodenal a. ( inferior pancreato-duodenal superior mesenteric aorta) venous drainage: splenic and superior mesenteric veins ( portal vein)

IntestinesDuodenum gastroduodenal (common hepatic celiac trunk aorta) anterior & posterior superior pancreato-duodenal a. ( superior pancreato-duodenal gastroduodenal common hepatic celiac trunk aorta) anterior & posterior inferior pancreato-duodenal a. ( inferior pancreato-duodenal superior mesenteric aorta) Jejunum & Ileum intestinal arteries ( superior mesenteric aorta) Cecum & lower Ascending Colon ileocolic a. [superior & inferior] ( superior mesenteric aorta) Ascending Colon* right colic a. [ascending & descending branches] ( superior mesenteric aorta) Transverse Colon* middle colic a. [left & right] ( superior mesenteric aorta) Descending Colon* left colic a. [ascending & descending] ( inferior mesenteric aorta) Sigmoid Colon sigmoid arteries ( inferior mesenteric aorta) *some variability IS common venous drainage of duodenum, jejunum, ileum, colon: superior mesenteric & inferior mesenteric veins to portal vein

Rectum/Anus
superior rectal a. ( inferior mesenteric aorta) middle rectal a ( internal iliac common iliac aorta) inferior rectal a. ( internal pudendal internal iliac common iliac aorta) venous drainage: rectal plexus superior rectal vein ( inferior mesenteric vein portal vein) middle rectal vein ( internal iliac vein common iliac vein IVC) inferior rectal vein ( pudendal vein internal iliac common iliac IVC)

Kidney
renal artery ( aorta) venous drainage renal vein ( IVC)

Adrenal Gland
superior suprarenal a ( inferior phrenic aorta) middle suprarenal a ( aorta) inferior suprarenal a ( renal aorta) venous drainage: left supra-renal vein ( left renal vein IVC) right supra-renal vein ( IVC)

Ureter
renal a ( aorta) gonadal a [testicular or ovarian a] ( aorta) ureteric a. ( aorta) superior vesicular a ( internal iliac common iliac aorta) inferior vesicular a ( internal iliac common iliac aorta) venous drainage: corresponds to arteries; drainage into IVC

Bladder
superior vesicular a ( internal iliac common iliac aorta) inferior vesicular a ( internal iliac common iliac aorta) venous drainage: vesicular plexus ( internal iliac common iliac IVC)

Prostate
inferior vesicular a ( internal iliac common iliac aorta)

middle rectal a ( internal iliac common iliac aorta) venous drainage: prostatic plexus ( internal iliac vein common iliac IVC)

Testes
testicular a. ( aorta) venous drainage left testicular vein ( left renal vein IVC) right testicular vein ( IVC)

Ovary
ovarian a. ( aorta) venous drainage left ovarian vein ( left renal vein IVC) right ovarian vein ( IVC)

Fallopian tube
ovarian a. ( aorta) uterine a ( internal iliac common iliac aorta) venous drainage: ovarian vein & uterine vein (follow path to IVC)

Uterus
ovarian a. ( aorta) uterine a ( internal iliac common iliac aorta) venous drainage: uterine plexus ( uterine veins internal iliac vein common iliac IVC)

Vagina
vaginal a. ( internal iliac common iliac aorta) venous drainage: vaginal plexus ( vaginal veins internal iliac vein common iliac IVC)