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What was Hindu code bill? What are it's impacts on Hindus of India?

Why PM Jawaharlal Nehru and Babasaheb Ambedkar were so keen to pass this bill?
I am glad OP asked this question. Hindu Code bill is primarily a children of Article 44 of Indian Constitution.

The State shall endeavor to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India Hindu code bill was focused on two issues 1. Elevate rights and status of Hindu Women. 2. To do away with disparities and divisions of caste. Among the notable features of the bill were Awarding equal share of property to daughters and widows. Granting of maintenance to wife if she decided to live separately if husband have a "loathsome disease". Abolition of caste and sub-caste specific marriage rules. Allowing either partner to file for and obtain divorce. Making monogamy mandatory. Allowing adoption of a child from different caste.

About the impact of this bill on people. Women were directly affected by this bill as it was elevating them and treating them with equality. How Hindu orthodox felt about the bill ? They lost it as their religious practices were being questioned. An A nti-Hindu-Code-Bill committee was supported by conservative lawyers as well as clerics. They held hundreds of meeting and presented themselves as religious warriors (dharamveers) fighting a religious war (dharamyudh). RSS threw its weight behind this agitation. Agitators called it " An Atom bomb on Hindu Society". Few compared it with Rowlett act. In one protest in 1949, they burned effigies of Pt. Nehru and Dr. Ambedkar and later vendelized the car of Sheikh Abdullah while shouting "Down with Hindu code bill" and "May Pt. Nehru perish". The leader of movement against this bill was one Swami Karpatriji Maharajwhose opposition was colored by the fact that bill was driven by Dr. Ambedkar. He made many references to the law minister's caste, suggesting that an untouchablehave no business meddling in the matters normally the preserve of the brahmin. In his speeches he challenged Dr. Ambedkar to a public debate on his interpretations of shastras. Opposition was considerable both outside and within Parliament. Within parliament the orthodox

members claimed that hindu laws had stayed unchanged from time immoral.

"The rules of conduct and duties of man in our country are derived by Vedas", said MP RamNarayan Singh. Despite challenges from other religions, vedic religion did not perish. He was not the only member who opposed the bill, President Dr. Rajendra Prasad had written multiple letters to Nehru protesting against the bill. The bill, argued the president, was highly discriminatory, for it applied to only one community, Hindus. Many more were joined the ranks of Prasad and Singh. Why Dr. Ambedkar and Pt. Nehru were pushing for this bill ? If I have to put it in one line than "because that was the right thing to do". The French writer Andre Malraux once asked Jawaharlal Nehru what had been his greatest difficulty since independence. Nehru replied:

'Creating a just state by just means'. Than he added, 'Perhaps, too, creating a secular state in religious country'. After Independence, among those favoring a common civil code were PM Nehru and Law Minister Ambedkar. For both, the reform of personal laws became an acid test of India's commitment to secularism and modernization. Moreover, like one congress MP put it more eloquently.

Women must have the right to choose and discard their husbands, he said, because 'we Indians were fighting for freedom. after liberating our country, our motherland, it is our responsibility to liberate out mothers our sisters, and our wives. That will be the greatest culmination of the freedom that we have attained'