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1151/2 Science Paper 2 2007 2 Hours NAMA ; . TINGKATAN ;.. PANITIA SAINS TERAS DAERAH MUAR FINAL YEAR EXAMINATION 2007 FORM 4 SCIENCE PAPER 2 2 HOURS 30 MINUTES A Bahagian Soalan 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Jumlah Markah Penuh 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 10 10 10

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Markah Diperolehi

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU 1. Kertas soalan ini mengandungi tiga bahagian: Bahagian A, Bahagian B dan Bahagian C. 2. Jawab semua soalan dalam Bahagian A dan Bahagian B. Bagi Bahagian C, jawab soalan 1 dan mana-mana satu daripada soalan 2 dan Soalan 3. 3. Markah yang diperuntukkan bagi setiap soalan ditunjukkan dalam kurungan. 4. Masa yang dicadangkan untuk menjawab Bahagian A ialah 60 minit, Bahagian B ialah 50 minit dan Bahagian C ialah 40 minit.

Kertas ini mengandungi 11 halaman bercetak termasuk halaman ini Hak Cipta Panitia Sains Teras Daerah Muar

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Section A (20 marks) Answer all questions 1 Figure 1 shows the apparatus used in an experiment.

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The table below shows the results of the experiment. Amount of salt added (g) 0 5 10 15 20 Temperature of the solution (C) 29 27 25 23 21 (a) What is the (i) manipulated variable? (ii) responding variable?

. [2 marks] (b) What is the room temperature when this experiment is carried out? . [1 mark] I Suggest a suitable hypothesis for this experiment. [1 mark]

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2 Table below shows the result of an experiment to study the electrical conductivity of atomic, molecular and ionic substances. Substance Lead (atomic substance) Sulphur (molecular substance) Lead bromide (ionic substance) Particles in it Atoms Molecules Ions Condition of lamp Substance in Substance in solid state molten/liquid state Lamp lights up Lamp light up Lamp does not Lamp does not light up light up Lamp does not Lamp light up light up

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(a) What inference can be made from the result in table above? . . [1 mark] (b) Predict whether sodium chloride (an ionic substance) is able to conduct electricity in the solid and molten condition? Solid: ..

Molten: . [1 mark] I State the variable in this experiment. (i) Manipulated variable

........................................................................................... (ii) Responding variable .. [2 marks] (c) What is the operational definition of atomic substance in this experiment ...................................... [1 mark]

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3 Figure 2 shows an experiment to study the changes in state of matter.

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Figure 2 The temperature of the ice cubes is recorded every 2 minute until it boil. The table below shows the result of the experiment. Time(minute) Temperature(oC) 0 0 2 0 Table 2 4 20 6 60 8 100 10 100

(a) Based on the table 2, draw a graph of temperature against time.

[2 marks]

(b) What happen when the ice particles are heated . [1 mark]

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Name the conversion process of (i) ice becoming water . (ii) water becoming steam [2 marks] 4 Figure 3 represents an object X is placed between F and 2F of a convex lens.

2F

2F

Figure 3 (a) Complete the diagram in figure 3 to show the formation of the image. [2 marks] (b) State two characteristics of the image. (i) (ii) .. [2 marks]

(c) What is the measurement size of the image? . [1 mark] (d) Name one optical instrument which uses the principle shown in your completed diagram. [1 mark]

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Section B (30 marks) Answer all questions 5 Figure 4 shows a neurone.


dendrite direction of impulse receptor

Y
Figure 4

(a) (b)

What is the neurone shown in Figure 2? [1 mark] Give a reason for your answer in (a) . [1 mark] Name the parts labeled. (i) (ii) X Y : .. : .. [2 marks]

(d)

Give one example of a body part that acts as a receptor. . [1 mark]

Figure 5 shows how a hormone is released to control the glucose level in the blood. Blood circulatory system

Hormone is released

Cells in the body

Blood glucose level increases

Normal level of blood glucose

Food intake Figure 5 (a) Name a class of food which increases glucose level in the blood.

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[1 mark ] (b) i).What hormone is released by the body to control the level of glucose? ii) Which gland produces this hormone?. .. [2 marks]

(c)

i). What may happen to a person who always excess glucose in his blood?. ii) How does he get rid of that glucose ? [2 marks]

7.

Figure 6 shows the results of an investigation carried out to survey the blood groups of 40 students.

Figure 6 (a) What is meant by the term variation? [1mark] (b) i State the type of variation shown in the above diagram. . [1 mark]

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ii Explain your answer given in (b) i

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. [1 mark] (c ) Give two other examples that have this same type of variation? 1 . 2 [2 marks]

8 Figure 7 shows the arrangement of apparatus for electroplating the iron spoon through the electrolysis process.

Figure 7 a. State the materials used for i. Anode:.. ii. Cathode:.. [2 marks] b. The switch is turned on for 30 minutes. State what is observed at the i. iron spoon:.. ii. silver plate:.. [ [2 marks] c. What are the energy changes that occur in the electrolysis process in Figure 4 ? . [1 mark] 9 Radioactive substances have many uses. a). Name an instrument that can detect radioactive radiation. ... ( 1 mark )

b). State one use of radioactive substances in the following fields:

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i. Medicine

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ii. food industry .. ( 2 mark ) c) Name the process that takes place in a nuclear reactor which produces nuclear energy to be used for generating electrical energy. . ( 1 mark ) d) Name the centre set up by Malaysia Government to carry out research regarding radioactive substances. ( 1 mark ) 10 Table 5 shows various types of alloys and their compositions. ALLOYS Copper nickel A B Carbon steel COMPOSITIONS Copper and X Copper and tin Aluminium and magnesium Carbon and Y Table 5 a Name substances X and Y . X : Y : ( 2 marks )

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b Name substances A and B.

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A : . B : . ( 2 marks ) c. Which substances is mixed with carbon steel to increase its ability to withstand corrosion. .. ( 1 mark )

Section C ( 20 marks ) Answer Question 11 and either Question 12 or Question 13. 11. Read the following statement

Impurities affect the boiling point of pure liquid


A student is provided with distilled water and salt (a) Write a suitable hypothesis based on the above statement (1 mark) (b) Describe an experiment to proof the above hypothesis which include the following: i. ii. iii. iv. v. Aim of the experiment ( 1 mark) Identify variable (2 mark) List of apparatus and substance used. (1 mark) Method/procedure used (4 marks) Data tabulation. ( 1 mark)

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12 (a) (b) State four differences between physical changes and chemical changes. [4 marks] The figure below shows several changes observed by a student. Boiling of water

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Sublimation of iodine crystals

Changes

Dissolving sodium chloride Salt in water

Melting of wax

Study the above changes. Explain how you would develop a concept based on the Information above. Your explanation of the conceot should include the following: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Identify two common characteristics Develop the initial concept Give other examples and non examples in relation to the concept Explain the actual concept [ 6 marks]

13 a) A farmer finds the growth of his fruit plants is retards. He needs to fertilize the plant with the ammonium salt fertilizer. State the process that can be used to form the salt fertilizer. Explain the process. [ 5 marks] b) The uses of ammonium salt fertilizer continuously will pollute the nearest river. Explain how the farmer overcomes the pollution of the river. Your answer should include the following; Identify the problem Clarification the problem Solving methods Choose the best method and explain your choice. [ 5 marks ] END OF QUESTION

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