Anda di halaman 1dari 46

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM JOHOR 2009-KERTAS 2 Section A Bahagian A Answer all questios in this section.

Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini. 1 Diagram 1.1 shows the arrangement of atoms in substance X and Y. Rajah 1.1 di bawah menunjukkan atom-atom untuk bahan X dan Y.

(a)

Based on Diagram 1.1, answer the following questions: Berdasarkan Rajah 1.1, jawab soalan-soalan berikut: (i) Identify which of the substance in Diagram 1.1 is a pure metal. Tentukan bahan yang manakah dalam Rajah 1.1 adalah logam tulen. Pure metal : Logam tulen [1 mark] [1 markah]

(ii)

Explains your answers in (a) (i) Terangkan jawapan anda dalam (a) (i)

[2 marks] [2 markah]

(iii)

Which of the substance is harder, X or Y? Give a reason for your answer. Diantara bahan X dan Y, yang manakah lebih keras? Berikan satu sebab bagi jawapan anda.

[2 marks] [2 markah]

(b)

Diagram 1.2 below shows the structural formula of a polymer. Rajah 1.2 menunjukkan formula struktur bagi suatu polimer.

Based on Diagram 1.2, answer the following questions: Berdasarkan Rajah 1.2, jawab soalan-soalan berikut: (i) State the meaning of polymer. Nyatakan maksud polimer.

[1 mark] [1 markah]

(ii)

Draw and name the structural formula of its monomer. Lukiskan dan namakan formula struktur bagi monomernya.

[2 marks] [2 markah] (iii) State on use of the polymer in Diagram 1.2 in our daily life.

Nyatakan satu kegunaan polimer pada Rajah 1.2 dalam kehidupan seharian kita. .................. ......................................................................................................[1 mark] [1 markah]

Diagram 2.1 shows the heating curve of solid naphtalene, C10H8. Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan lengkung pemanasan pepejal naftalena, C10H8.

(a)

Name the process involved in this experiment. Namakan proses yang terlibat dalam eksperimen ini. [1 mark] [1 markah]

(i)

(i)

State the type of particle present in Naphtalene, C10H8. Nyatakan jenis zarah yang terdapat dalam Naftalena, C10H8.

(b)

Explain why there is no change in temperature from B to C Terangkan mengapa tida perubahan suhu dari B ke C ... [2 marks] [2 markah]

(c)

State how the movement of naphtalene particles changes from C to D during heating. Nyatakan bagaimana pergerakan zarah-zarah naftalena berubah semasa pemanasan dari C ke D. ...[1 marks] [1 markah]

(d)

Diagram 2.2 shows the atomic model proposed by Neils Bohr. Rajah 2.2 menunjukkan model atom yang dicadangkan oleh Neils Bohr.

(i)

Name X and Y. Namakan X dan Y.

X :..

Y : [1 marks] [1 markah]

(e)

Table 2 shows the number of protons and neutrons of four different atoms. Jadual 2 menunjukkan bilangan proton dan neutron bagi empat atom yang berlainan. Atom w x y z Number of protons Bilangan proton 16 16 3 19 Table 2 Jadual 2 Number of neutrons Bilangan neutron 17 16 4 20

(i)

Which atoms are isotopes? Atom-atom yang manakah adalah isotop?

[1 mark] [1 markah] (ii) Give a reason for your answer in (e) (i). Berikan satu sebab bagi jawapan anda di (e) (i).

.. [2 marks] [2 markah] 3

Table 3 shows pH values of different concentration of hydrochloric acid, HCl solutions. Jadual 3 menunjukkan nilai-nilai pH bagi larutan asid hidroklorik, HCl yang berbeza kepekatan.

Type of solution Concentration Kepekatan pH value Nilai pH

Solution I Larutan I 0.1 mol dm-3 1

Solution II Larutan II 0.01 mol dm-3 2

Solution III Larutan III 0.001 mol dm-3 3

(iii)

Name an indicator that can be used to measure the pH values of the solutions I,II and III. Namakan satu penunjuk yang boleh digunakan untuk mengukur nilai pH larutan-larutan I,II dan III.

[1 mark] [1 markah] (b) Solution I is used to neutralise 25 cm 3 of 0.1 mol dm-3 of sodium hydroxide, NaOH solution. Larutan I digunakan untuk meneutralkan 25 cm3 larutan natrium hidroksida,NaOH 0.1 mol dm-3. (i) Calculate the number of moles of sodium hydoxide, NaOH in the solution. Hitungkan bilangan mol natrium hidroksida, NaOH dalam larutan. [1 marks] [1 markah] (ii) Calculate the volume of Solution I used to neutralise sodium hydroxide, NaOH solution in cm3. Hitungkan isipadu Larutan I yang digunakan untuk meneutralkan larutan natrium hidroksida, NaOH dalam cm3. [3 marks] [3 markah]

(iii)

Draw an apparatus set-up for the titration of sodium hydroxide solution with solution I. Lukis susunan radas untuk pentitratan larutan natrium hidroksida dengan Larutan I. [2 marks] [2 markah]

Section B Bahagian B [20 marks] [20 markah] Answer any one question from this section. Jawab mana-mana satu soalan daripada bahagian ini. 1 (a) Diagram 7.1 shows an apparatus set-up to determine the empirical formula of magnesium oxide. Rajah 7.1 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk menentukan formula empirik magnesium oksida.

(i)

During the experiment, we need to raise the lid a little at intervals. Why? Ketika eksperimen dijalankan, penutup sekali sekala.Mengapa? kita perlu membuka

[2 marks] [2 markah] (ii) Table 7 shows the results for the experiment to determine the empirical formula of magnesium oxide. Jadual 7 menunjukkan keputusan bagi satu eksperimen untuk menentukan formula empirik bagi magnesium oksida. Mass of crucible + lid Jisim mangkuk pijar + penutup Mass of crubicle + lid + magnesium ribbon Jisim mangkuk pijar + penutup + pita magenesium Mass of crucible + lid + magnesium oxide Jisim mangkuk pijar + penutup + magnesium oxide 28.24 g 30.64 g 32.24 g

Based on the results in Table 7, determine the empirical formula of Magnesium oxide. [Relative atomic mass : Mg = 24, O =16] Berdasarkan keputusan dalam Jadual 7, tentukan formula empirik

Bagi magnesium oksida. [Jisim atom relatif : Mg = 24 , O =16] [5 marks] [5 markah]

(b) Diagram 7.2 shows an apparatus set-up to determine the empirical formula of copper oxide. Rajah 7.2 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk menentukan formula empirik oksida.

(i)

Compare the method used in experiment in Diagram 7.2 with Diagram 7.1. Bandingkan kaedah melakukan eksperimen dalam Rajah 7.2 dengan kaedah dalam Rajah 7.1. [4 marks] [4 markah]

(ii)

State the reactants to produce hydrogen gas in Part A. Nyatakan bahan-bahan untuk menghasilkan gas hidrogen di Bahagian A. [2 marks] [2 markah]

(iii)

Write the chemical equation for the reaction in Part A. Tuliskan persamaan kimia untuk tindak balas di Bahagian A. [1 marks] [1 markah]

(iv)

State three precautions that must be taken in Part B. Explain your answer. Nyatakan tiga langkah berjaga-jaga yang mesti diambil dalam bahagian B.Terangkan jawapan anda. [6 marks] [6 markah]

Section C Bahagian C Answer any one question from this section. Jawab mana-mana satu soalan daripada bahagian ini.

(1)

Diagram 9 shows the atomic structure of three elements X,Y and Z. Rajah 9 menunjukkan struktur atom bagi tiga unsur X,Y dan Z.

(a)

Based on Diagram 9, two types of compounds can be formed. Explain the differences between the two compounds formed in terms of Types of chemical bonds, and Boiling and melting points.

Berdasarkan Rajah 9, dua jenis sebatian boleh terbentuk. Terangkan perbezaan diantara dua sebatian tersebut dari segi Jenis ikatan kimia yang terbentuk, dan Takat lebur dan takat didihnya. [4 marks] [4 markah]

(b)

Draw the electron arrangement of the compound formed between X and Y, and explain the formation of the compund. Lukiskan susunan elektron untuk pembentukan sebatian di antara X dan Y, dan terangkan pembentukan sebatian tersebut.

[6 marks] [6 marks]

(c)

You are given two samples of chemical substances, P and Q. Both of them are white solids is a covalent compound and Q is an ionic compound. Describe a laboratory experiment to investigate the electrical conductivity of P and Q. Include the observations in your answer. Suggest a suitable example for each substance P and substance Q. Anda diberi dua sampel bahan kimia, P dan Q. Kedua-duanya berwarna putih.P adalah sebatian kovalen dan Q adalah sebatian ion. Huraikan satu eksperimen makmal untuk mengkaji kekonduksian arus elektrik sebatian P dan Q.Sertakan pemerhatian yang diperolehi dalam jawapan anda. Cadangkan satu contoh yang sesuai bagi setiap bahan P dan bahan Q. [10 marks] [10 markah]

(2)

(a)

Methane, CH4 is commonly used as a fuel and is the main component liquefied gas. The heat of combustion of methane is -898 kJ mol-1 Write the chemical equation for the complete combustion of methane. Calculate the amount of heat released when 1 g of methane is completely burnt in air. [Relative atomic mass of C=12, H=1, O=16 ] Metana, CH4 adalah bahan api yang biasa digunakan dan ianya adalah komponen utama yang terdapat dalam gas asli cecair. Haba pembakaran metana adalah -898 kJ mol-1. Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi pembakaran lengkap metana.Hitungkan jumlah haba yang dibebaskan apabila 1 gram metana terbakar dengan lengkap dalam udara berlebihan. [Jisim atom relatif : C =12, H=1, O=16] [4 marks] [4 markah]

(b)

Diagram 10.1 and diagram 10.2 show two energy level diagrams of reactions. Rajah 10.1 dan 10.2 menunjukkan dua gambarajah aras tenaga tindak balas kimia.

Energy Tenaga

A + B

C + D

Diagram 10.1 Rajah 10.1

Energy Tenaga R+S

P + Q

Diagram 10.2 Rajah 10.2

Compare and contrast Diagram 10.1 and 10.2 in terms of changes of energy content, heat change and the temperature change for the reactions. Bandingkan dan bezakan Rajah 10.1 dan 10.2 dari segi perubahan kandungan tenaga, perubahan haba dan perubahan suhu tindak balas dalam tindak balas ini. [6 marks] [6 markah]

(c)

Table 10 shows the heat of combustion of four types of alcohol. Jadual 10 di atas menunjukkan haba pembakaran bagi empat jenis alcohol. Name of alcohol Nama alkohol Molecular formula Formula molekul CH3OH C2H5OH C3H7OH C4H9OH Raltive molecular mass Jisim atom relatif 32 46 60 74 Heat of combustion Haba pembakaran/kJ mol-1 -725 -1376 -2015 -2676

Methanol Metanol Ethanol Etanol Propanol Propanol Butan-1-ol Butan-1-ol

Table 10 Jadual 10 Use data from Table 10, draw the graph of magnitude of heat of combustion against number of carbon atoms. Based on the data from Table 10 and graph plotted, (i) State the change in the heat of combustion for the given alcohols. (ii) Explain your answer in (c)(i). Dengan menggunakan data dari Jadual 10, lukis graf magnitud haba pembakaran melawan bilangan atom karbon. Berdasarkan data dari Jadual 10 dan graf yang diplotkan, (i) nyatakan perubahan haba pembakaran bagi alkohol yang diberikan. (ii) terangkan jawapan anda dalam (c) (i) [10 marks] [10 markah]
[PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM JOHOR 2009-KERTAS 2]

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM PAHANG 2009-KERTAS 2 Section A Bahagian A Answer all questios in this section. Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini.

Diagram 1 shows the set-up of apparatus to determine the melting point of substance X by heating solid X until it melts.Then the temperature of substance X is recorded every half minutes when it is left to cool at room temperature. Rajah 1 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk menentukan takat lebur bagi asetamida dengan memanaskan pepejal asetamida sehingga lebur.Kemudian suhu asetamida direkodkan setiap setengah minit apabila dibiarkan menyejuk pada suhu bilik.

(a)

What Is the purpose of using water bath in the experiment? Apakah tujuan menggunakan kukus air dalam eksperimen ini? [1 mark]

(b)

Name one substance which its melting point can be determined by using water bath. Namakan satu bahan menggunakan kukus air yang takat leburnya boleh ditentukan

[1 mark]

(c)

Sodium nitrate has a melting point of 310 oC. Can the melting point of sodium nitrate be determined by using water bath as shown in the diagram? Explain your answer. Natrium nitrat mempunyai takat lebur 310oC.Bolehkah takat lebur natrium nitrat ditentukan menggunakan kukus air seperti dalam rajah di atas? Terangkan jawapan anda. ...[2 marks]

(d)

Why do we need to stir the molten substance X when it is left to cool to room temperature? Mengapakah kita perlu mengacau leburan asetamida semasa dibiarkan sejuk ke suhu bilik? .[1 mark]

(e)

The grapf of temperature against time for the cooling of molten substance X is shown below. Graf suhu melawan masa bagi penyejukan leburan bahan X ditunjukkan di bawah.

(i)

State the melting point of substance X? Nyatakan takat lebur bahan X?

.[1 mark] (ii) Explain why there is no change in temperature from Q to R. Terangkan mengapa suhu tidak berubah dari Q ke R.

[1 mark]

(f)

What is the state of matter for substance X at RS? Apakah keadaan jirim bagi bahan X pada RS? .....[1 mark]

(2)

Diagram 2 shows the symbols of atom for element U, V, W and X. Rajah 2 menunjukkan simbol-simbol atom bagi unsur U,V,W dan X.

(a)

Write the electron arrangement of atom W. Tuliskan susunan elektron bagi atom W. [1 mark]

(b)

(i)

Element U,V,W and X are placed in the same period in the Periodic Table.State the period.

Unsur U,V,W dan X berada dalam kala yang sama dalam Jadual Berkala.Nyatakan kala itu. .. [1 mark] (ii) Compare the atomic size of element V and X. Bandingkan saiz atom unsur V dan X. [1 mark] (iii) Explain your answer in (b) (ii) Terangkan jawapan anda dalam (b)(ii)

[2 marks]

(c)

Element V can react with element W to form a compound. Unsur V boleh bertindak balas dengan unsur W membentuk satu sebatian. Write the chemical formula for the compound. Tuliskan formula kimia bagi sebatian itu. [1 mark] (ii) State one physical property for the compound formed. Nyatakan satu sifat fizikal bagi sebatian yang terbentuk. (i)

[1 mark]

(d)

When element U react with element W, a compound is produced. State the type of compound that is produced. Apabila unsur U bertindak balas dengan unsur W, satu sebatian terhasil. Nyatakan jenis sebatian yang terhasil. [1 mark] Draw the electron arrangement for the compund in (d) (i). Lukiskan susunan elektron bagi sebatian dalam (d)(i)

[2 marks]

(3)

Diagram 3 shows the set-up of apparatus to investigate the reaction between potassium iodide solution and chlorine water through the transfer of electrons at a distance. Rajah 3 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk menyiasat tindak balas di antara larutan kalium iodide dan air klorin melalui pemindahan elektron pada satu jarak.

(a) What is the function of dilute sulphuric acid? Apakah fungsi asid sulfurik cair? ..[1 mark] (b) On the diagram 3, draw the direction of the flow of electrons. Pada Rajah 3, lukiskan arah pengaliran elektron. (c) (i) What is the colour change in the solution around electrode P? Apakah perubahan warna dalam larutan di sekitar elektrod? [1 mark] (ii) Describe a chemical test to determine the product formed in the solution at electrode P. Huraikan satu ujian kimia untuk menentukan hasil yang terbentuk dalam larutan di elektrod P. [2 marks]

(d)

State the name of the substance that is oxidized in the experiment? Give reason. Nyatakan nama bahan yang dioksidakan dalam eksperimen itu? Berikan sebab. [2 marks]

(e)

Write a half equation for the reaction that occurs at electrode Q. Tuliskan setengah persamaan bagi tindak balas yang berlaku di elektrod Q. [1 mark]

(f)

Suggest another regeant that can replace chlorine water. Cadangkan satu reagen lain yang boleh menggantikan air klorin. [1 mark]

(g)

What is the change in oxidation number of chlorine in the reaction? Apakah perubahan nombor pengoksidaan bagi klorin dalam tindak balas? . [1 mark] Section B Answer any one question. [Jawab mana-mana satu soalan]

(8)

(a) Dilute ethanoic acid (vinegar) is electrolyzed using carbon electrodes.What is produced at the cathode? Write a halfequation for the reaction. Elektrolisis asid etanoik cair telah dijalankan menggunakan elektrodelektrod karbon.Apakah yang terhasil di katod. Tuliskan setengah persamaan bagi tindak balas tersebut. [2 mark}

(b)

Compare and contrast cell A and B. Include in your answer the observations and half equations for the reactions at the electrodes in both cells. Banding dan bezakan sel A dan sel B.Sertakan dalam jawapan anda pemerhatian dan setengah persamaan bagi tindak balas di elektrodelektrod kedua-dua sel.

(c) A student intends to electroplate an iron ring with silver. Seorang pelajar ingin menyadur cincin besi dengan argentum. (i) State two purposes of electroplating Nyatakan dua tujuan penyaduran.

[2 marks]

(ii) Design a laboratory equipment to electroplate the iron ring. Rancangkan satu eksperimen makmal untuk menyadur cincin besi tersebut. Your answer should consist of the following Procedures of the experiment. A labeled diagram showing the set of apparatus. Half equation for the reactions at both electrodes. Observations at both electrodes. Jawapan anda hendaklah termasuk perkara-perkara berikut:

Langkah-langkah eksperimen. Gambar rajah susunan radas berlabel. Sesetengah persamaan bagi tindak balas di kedua-dua elektrod. Pemerhatian di kedua-dua elektrod. Section C Bahagian C Answer any one question from this section. Jawab mana-mana satu soalan daripada bahagian ini. 1 (a)

(i) Explain by naming an example each, the meaning of saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Dengan menamakan setiap contoh, terangkan maksud hidrokarbon tepu dan hidrokarbon tak tepu. (ii) Unsaturated hydrocarbon can be converted into saturated hydrocarbon. State the process and the condition needed. Write the chemical equation involved. Hidrokarbon tak tepu boleh ditukarkan kepada hidrokarbon tepu. Nyatakan proses dan keadaan yang diperlukan Tuliskan persamaan kimia yang terlibat (i)

(b) Alkohol Carboxylic acid Ester

Explain briefly how conversion of homologues series above can be carried out. Jelaskan dengan ringkas bagaimana pertukaran siri homolog diatas dapat dilakukan. (ii) Simple carboxcylic with low molecular mass can dissolve in water to produce acidic solutions. Asid karboksilik yang ringkas dengan jisim molekul yang kecil boleh larut dalam air untuk menghasilkan larutan berasid. By using an example describe the properties of carboxylic acid. Include your answer with chemical equation. Dengan menggunakan contoh, terangkan sifat-sifat asid karboksilik. Sertakan persamaan kimia dalam jawapan anda. [ 8 marks]

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM TERENGGANU 2009-KERTAS 2 Section A Bahagian A Answer all questios in this section. Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini. (1) Table 1 shows atom the number of proton and the number of neutron in atom X, Y and Z. Jadual 1 menunjukkan bilangan proton dan bilangan neutron dalam atom X,Y dan Z. Atom Atom X Y Z Number of proton Bilangan proton 6 6 8 Table / Jadual 1 Number of neutron Bilangan neutron 6 8 8

(a)

State three subatomic particles of an atom. Nyatakan tiga zarah sub atom. [1 mark] (b) (i) What is meant by isotope? Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan isotop? . [1 mark] (c) (ii) Which atoms are isotopes? Atom-atom yang manakah merupakan isotop? .. [1 mark] (iii) State the radioisotope that is used to treat thyroid diseases. Nyatakan radioisotop yang digunakan untuk merawat penyakit tiroid. . [1 mark] (i) Write the electron arrangement of atom X. Tuliskan susunan elektron bagi atom X. . [1 mark]

(ii) What is valence electron of atom X? Apakah elektron valens bagi atom X?

(d)

Write the symbol for atom Y in the form of

Tuliskan simbol bagi atom Y dalam bentuk .. [1 mark] (e)

(i) Draw the electron arrangement of atom Z. Lukiskan susunan elektron bagi atom Z.

[1 mark]

(ii) State the position of element of atom Z in the Periodic Table of Element.Nyatakan kedudukan unsur bagi atom Z dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur. . [1 mark]

Diagram 2.1 shows two types of cell. Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan dua jenis sel.

(a)

State the name of cell X and cell Y. Namakan sel X dan sel Y.

Cell X : Sel X : Cell Y: Sel Y :.................................................................................................. [2 marks]

(b)

Write the formulae of all ions present in copper (II) sulphate solution. Tuliskan formula bagi semua ion yang hadir dalam larutan kuprum (II) sulfat. .. [1 mark]

(c)

Based on the cell X ; Berdasarkan sel X ; (i) What happen to intensity of blue colour of copper (II) sulphate solution? Apakah yang berlaku kepada keamatan warna biru larutan kuprum (II) sulfat? . [1 mark] (ii) Write a half equation for the reaction that occurs at the copper plate Q. Tuliskan setengah persamaan bagi tindak balas yang berlaku di kepingan kuprum Q. . [1 mark]

(d)

Based on the cell Y; Berdasarkan sel Y; (i) State the energy change occurred in cell Y. Nyatakan perubahan tenaga yang berlaku dalam sel Y. . [1 mark] (ii) What is the expected observation at the zinc plate S? Apakah pemerhatian yang dijangkakan pada kepingan zink S? . [1 mark] (iii) If the zinc plate S is replaced by a magnesium strip, describe what will happen to the voltmeter reading. Jika kepingan zink S digantikan dengan pita megnesium, nyatakan apa yang berlaku kepada bacaan voltmeter. . [1 mark]

(e)

Diagram 2.2 shows the set up of apparatus when cell X is combined with cell Y. Rajah 2.2 menunjukkan susunan radas apabila sel X digabungkan dengan sel Y.

(i) On Diagram 2.2, draw arrows ( ) to show the direction of the electrons flow. Pada Rajah 2.2, lukiskan anak panah untuk menunjukkan arah pengaliran elektron.

3.

Diagram 3 shows the set-up of apparatus for titration of potassium hydoxide solution with sulphuric acid. Rajah 3 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk menjalankan pentitratan larutan kalium hidroksida dengan asid sulfurik.

It was observed that 20.00 cm3 of 0.1 mol dm-3 sulphuric acid needed to neutralise completely 50.00 cm3 of potassium hydroxide solution. Didapati bahawa 20.00 cm3 asid sulfurik 0.1 mol dm-3 diperlukan untuk meneutralkan dengan lengkap 50.00 cm3 larutan kalium hidroksida.

(a) State the colour change of the solution in the conical flask at the end point. Nyatakan perubahan warna larutan dalam kelalang kon pada takat akhiir. . [1 mark]

(b) State the name of the salt formed in this experiment. Nyatakan nama garam yang terbentuk dalam eksperimen ini. . [1 mark]

(c) (i) What is the type of reaction occurred? Apakah jenis tindak balas yang berlaku? .. [1 mark]

Section B Answer any one question from this section. Jawab mana-mana satu soalan daripada bahagian ini.

1 (a) (i) The rate of reaction is important in industries and in our everyday lives.State the four factors that affect the rate of reaction. Kadar tindak balas adalah penting dalam industri dan kehidupan harian. [4 marks] (ii) What are the conditons required for the production of ammonia in Haber Process? Apakah keadaan-keadaan yang diperlukan untuk menghasilkan ammonia dalam Proses Haber. [3 marks]

(b)

A student carried out two experiments to investigate the effect of concentration on the rate of reaction.Diagram 7.1 shows the set-up of apparatus of the expperiments. Seorang pelajar menjalankan dua eksperimen untuk mengkaji kesan kepekatan ke atas kadar tindak balas.Rajah 7.1 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi eksperimen-eksperimen itu.

Experiment Eksperimen I

Set-up of apparatus Susunan radas

II

Table 7.2 shows the result of the experiments. Jadual 7.2 menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen itu.

Time/s 0 30 60 90 120 150 180 210 Volume of 0.00 5.00 10.00 14.20 18.00 21.30 24.00 26.00 gas of experiment I/cm3 Isipadu gas bagi Eksperimen I/cm3 Volume of 0.00 10.00 17.00 23.00 25.00 26.00 26.00 26.00 gas of experiment II/cm3 Isipadu gas bagi Eksperimen II/cm3

Table 7.2/ Jadual 7.2

(i) Plot the graph of the volume of carbon dioxide gas against time for Experiment I and II on the same axes on the graph paper provided at page 17. Lukiskan graf isipadu gas karbon dioksida melawan masa bagi Eksperimen I dan II pada paksi yang sama pada kertas graf yang disediakan. [4 marks] (ii) Calculate the average rate of reaction for Experiment I and II. Hitungkan kadar tindak balas purata bagi Eksperimen I dan II. [ 4marks] (iii) Compare the rate of reaction between Experiment I and Experiment II. Explain the differences in the rate of reaction with reference to the collision theory. Bandingkan kadar tindak balas antara Eksperimen I dengan Eksperimen II. Terangkan perbezaan itu dengan merujuk teori pelanggaran. [5 marks]

Section C Answer any one question from this section. Jawab mana-mana satu soalan daripada bahagian ini. 1 (a) Table 9 shows the electron arrangement for atoms W,X and Y.These letter are not the actual symbols of the elements. Jadual 9 menunjukkan susunan elektron bagi atom W,X dan Y.Hurufhuruf ini bukanlah simbol sebenar bagi unsur-unsur tersebut. Element unsur Electron arrangement Susunan elektron

(i) Compare the atomic size of element X and Y.Explain your answer. Bandingkan saiz atom unsur X dan Y.Terangkan jawapan anda. [ 3 marks] (ii) Based on the information in Table, explain why element Y exists as diatomic molecules. Berdasarkan maklumat dalam Jadual 9, terangkan mengapa unsur Y wujud sebagai molekul dwiatom. [3 marks] (iii) Using the information in Table, explain how two compounds can be formed from these atom of elements based on their electron arrangements.The two compounds should have different bond type. Dengan menggunakan Jadual, terangkan bagaimana dua sebatian boleh terbentuk daripada atom-atom unsur itu berdasarkan susunan elektronnya.Dua sebatian itu hendaklah mempunyai jenis ikatan yang berlainan. [10 marks] (b) The following is a lsit of chemical substances Berikut adalah senarai beberapa bahan kimia Sodium chloride/ natrium klorida Napthalene / naftalena Carbon dioxide / karbon dioksida Zinc Nitrate / zink nitrat Classify these substances into substance that have high melting point and low melting point.Explain your answer. Kelaskan bahan-bahan ini kepada bahan yang mempunyai takat lebur yang tinggi dan takat lebur yang rendah.Terangkan jawapan anda. [4 marks]

[PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM TERENGGANU 2009]

JAWAPAN PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN 2009-KIMIA (JOHOR)

Question No.

Explanation

SECTION A 1 (a) (i) (ii) Pure metal : Substance X Alloy : Substance Y -Pure metal has atoms of the same size / same type which are orderly arranged. (iii) Alloy has foreign atoms

Substance Y. The foreign atoms disrupt the orderly arrangement of the metal atoms and prevent the layers of metal atoms from sliding over each other.

(b)(i)

Polymers are large molecules made up of identical repeating units called monomers which are joined together by covalent bonds.

H (ii) H C =

Cl

Name of monomer Chloroethane

(iii)

To make drain pipes /artificial leather /water-proof clothes/shoes/bags/as insulator for electric wiring

2(a)(i)

Melting

(ii) (b)

Molecule The heat energy absorbed by the particles is used to overcome the forces of attraction between the naphthalene molecules / particles.

(c)

The particles move faster

(d)

(i) X : electron (ii) Electron

Y: nucleus

(e)

(i) W and X (i) Has different number of neutrons but same number of protons// has different nucleon number but same proton number.

3(a) (b)

(i) Universal indicator // pH paper// pH meter. (i) Number of mole of NaOH = 25 x 0.1 1000 = 0.0025 mol

(ii) HCl + NaOH

NaCl + H2O

From the equation, 1 mol of NaOH react with 1 mol of HCl 0.0025 mol of NaOH react with 0.0025 mol of HCl// No. of mole of HCl = 0.0025 mol

Volume of HCl = 0.0025 x 1000 0.1 =25 cm3 (iii) Correct diagram of apparatus set-up. Correct label.

1(a) (i)

(ii) Section B

-To allow the oxygen / air to enter the crucible - for the complete combustion of magnesium

(b)(i)

Magnesium,Mg Oxygen,O 30.64-28.24=2.4 32.24-30.64 =1.6 Number of moles of atoms 2.4 = 0.1 1.6 =0.1 24 16 Simplest ratio of moles 1 1 Empirical MgO MgO Formula Diagram 7.1 It involves heating Diagram 7.2 It involves heating

Element Mass(g)

Similarty

The reaction is between a gas and a solid

The reaction is between a gas and a solid

Differences Metal oxide is formed Metal is reacted with oxygen gas The mass of the solid increases

Metal is formed Metal oxide is reacted with hydrogen gas The mass of the solid decreases

(ii)

-Dilute hydrochloric acid // or any dilute acid -Zinc // or any reactive metal

(iii)

2 HCl + Zn = ZnCl2 + H2 Precaution Dry hydrogen gas is passes through the combustion tube for a few minutes/ throughout the experiment to remove all the air in the tube. During cooling, the flow of hydrogen is continued. The heating, cooling and weighing processes are repeated until a constant mass is obtained. The combustion tube must be slanted slightly towards the tiny hole. Explanation A mixture of hydrogen and air can cause an explosion when lighted.

(iv)

To ensure the oxygen from the air does not oxidise the hot copper to copper (II) oxide. To ensure that all of the copper (II) oxide has been reduced into copper.

To prevent the water formed during the reaction from flowing towards the hot porcelain dish.

SECTION C 1 (a)

(i)

Types of chemical

Compund formed between X and Y Ionic bond is formed because X atom

Molecule formed between Z and Y Covalent bond is formed because Z and Y atoms share

bonds

(ii)

Boiling point and melting point (b)

donates electrons and Y atom receives electrons to achieve stable electron arrangement // X is metal and Y is nonmetal High because a lot of energy needed to overcome the strong electrostatic forces between ions

the electrons to achieve stable electron arrangement // Y and Z are non metal

Low because less energy is needed to overcome the weak forces of attraction between molecules

Correct electron arrangement of 2 ions. Correct charges and nucleas are shown

X atom with an electron arrangement of 2.8.2 donates 2 valence electrons to achieve the stable octet electron arrangement, 2.8.X2+ ion is formed // X X2+ +2e-. -Y atom with an electron arrangement of 2.6 accept 2 electrons to achieve the stable octet electron arrangement, 2.8. Y2- ion is formed // Y + 2e = Y2-The oppossitely-charged ions, X2+ and Y2- are attracted to each other by a strong electrostatic force. -A ionic compound XY is formed

(c) 1. 2. A crucible is filled with solid P until it is half full. Two carbon electrodes are dipped in the solid P and connected to the batteries. 3.Switch is turned on and observation is recorded. 4.The solid P is then heated until it melts completely. 5.The switch is turned on again and observation is recorded. 6.Steps 1 to 5 are repeated using solid Q to replace solid P. 7.Observations;

P does not light up the bulb in both solid and molten states. Q light up the bulb in molten state only. P: napthalene // any suitable answer Q: lead(II) bromide // any suitable answer

2(a)

CH4+ + 2O2 = CO2 + 2H2O RMM of methane, CH4 = 12+4 =16 16g of methane releases 898 kJ heat Thus 1 g of methane releases = 898 x 1/16 kJ g-1 = 56.125 kJ g-1 (correct answer and unit)

(b)

Diagram 10.1 Temperature Increase Total Energy A and B / content reactants have higher energy content than its products/ (C and D) Heat Released

Diagram 10.2 Decrease R and S / Products have higher energy content than its reactants / (P and Q) Absorbed

(c)

Plotted graph 1.Correct axis and labelled 2.All 4 points/values transferred correctly 3.Straight line graph

4.Consistent scale Heat of combustion of alcohols (kJ mol-1)

Number of carbon Heat of combustion increases from methanol ethanol propanol

butan-1-ol//

methanol,ethanol,propanol,butan-1-ol Heat of combustion increases

Because: 1. Number of carbon atom per molecule / mole increases from methanol to to butanol. 2. Number of hydrogen atoms per molecule / mole increases from methanol to butanol. 3. More carbon dioxide / CO2 and water / H2O molecule are formed. 4. More covalent bonds are formed in the products. 5. More heat is given out.
[JAWAPAN PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN 2009-KIMIA-JOHOR]

JAWAPAN PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN 2009-KIMIA (PAHANG)

SECTION B 1

SECTION C 1

[JAWAPAN PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN 2009-PAHANG]

JAWAPAN PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN 2009-KIMIA (TERENGGANU)

(a) proton, electron,neutron (b) (i) Isotopes are atoms of the same element with the same number of proton but different number of neutron (ii) X and Y (iii) Iodine-131 (c) (i) 2.4 (ii) 4 (d) 14

Y
6 (e) (i)

(ii) Group 16, Period 2

(a) Cell X : Electrolytic cell/ Electrolysis cell Cell Y: Voltanic cell/ Chemical cell (b) Cu2+, SO42-, H+, OH(c) (i) Remain unchanged (ii) Cu2+ + 2e =Cu (d) (i) Chemical to electrical (ii) Becomes thinner /Dissolved (iii) Increase [ From S to P and Q to R]

(e)

(a) pink to colourless (b) potassium sulphate (c) (i) neutralisation (ii) 2KOH + H2SO4 = K2SO + 2H2O [Formula of reactants and products are correct] [Balanced equation]

Section B 1 (a) (i) Size of the reactant/ the total surface area of the reactant Concentration of the reactant Temperature of the reactant Catalyst (ii) Temperature : 450-550 o C Catalyst : iron Pressure : 200 atm (b) (i) The axes are labeled together with its unit The scale is correct The points are transferred correctly The curve is smooth

(ii) Average rate of reaction for experiment I =26.0 210 = 0.12 cm3 s-1 Average rate of reaction for experiment II =26.0 150 = 0.17 cm3 s-1 (iii) The rate of reaction for Experiment II is higher than in Experiment I. The concentration of HCl in Experiment II is more/higher than in Experiment I. The number of hydrogen ion / H+ per unit volume of the solution in Experiment II is more

than in Experiment I The collision frequency in Experiment II is more than in Experiment I The effective collision frequency in Experiment II is more than in Experiment I Section C (a) (i) Atomic size of atom Y is smaller Proton number of atom Y is more than atom X Attraction of nucleus on the electrons stronger.

(ii) To achieve the stable/octet electron arrangement Two Y atoms share a pair / 2 electron single covalent bond

[JAWAPAN PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN 2009-TERENGGANU]