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USE OF ENGLISH /// ONLY PART 3: ERROR RECOGNITION A) Most but not all of the following lines contain

one error. There may be a spelling or punctuation or grammatical mistake, a word may be wrongly used, or the line may contain an unnecessary word. Underline the error. If a line is correct, tick ( ) it. STEEPLECHASING 01. Steeplechasing early began in the eighteenth century as a sport among the fox-hunting 02. gentry. In those days, they raced through the countryside to a place marked by a 03. distant church spire, or steeple. It was a reckless and dangerous sport. By 1830, 04. it became a part of formal racing, and is today an established winter sport. The 05. courses, which there are over 40 in England and nearly 30 in Ireland, have 06. artificial barriers in place of the real ditches, walls, streams and hedges. From 07. October to March, hundreds of steeplechase jockeys, professional and amateur, 08. risk life and limbs. Of all the races in the steeplechasing calendar, the most 09. popular is the Grand National, run over a distance of ten kilometres and forty 10. high jumps. Everyone in the country takes an interest to it and most people 11. seems to buy a sweepstake ticket, or put a pound or two on the horse they think 12. will win. In some years, where the going is especially bad, as 13. much as three-quarters of the horses will not finish the race.

14. B)
Most but not all of the following lines contain one error. There may be a spelling or punctuation or grammatical mistake, a word may be wrongly used, or the line may contain an unnecessary word. Underline the error. If a line is correct, tick it. BUFFALOBURGERS 01. Buffalo Bill and men like him hunted the American bison to exhaustion. In 1900, 02. with the West tamed, there were only a few hundred buffalo over. Today, there are 03. thousands. There meat is in demand for buffaloburgers. A buffalo steak is the 04. smart thing to order, and restaurants throughout the United States have supplies 05. flown in daily. One rancher, Mr Roy Huck, has 3,500 heads on his 50,000-acre 06. ranch in South Dakota. He says: "We owe a lot to the conservationist which 07. rescued a small herd 70 years ago and saved the buffalo from dying." With the 08. growth of buffalo ranching in recent years, it is reckoned there are now 50,000, 09. all descended from the handfull who were saved. For a rancher, buffalo have many 10. advantages. They are wild animals and look after themselves in their nature 11. habitat. In winter, they don't have to be brought in because they can dig through the 12. snow to find food. They have a strong sense of survival. Unlike cattle, they do not 13. need special care. They are decease-free, and can live and reproduce longer.

C)
Most but not all of the following lines contain one unnecessary word. Underline the word that is not needed.. If a line is correct, tick it. YOGI FACES GRISLY FATE 01. Yellowstone National Park is home to Yogi Bear. So Yogi Bear, as everyone ought to know, 02. ranks only second next to Peanuts in the popular strip-cartoon world. He is, therefore, dear to 03. the heart of every American child. Whatever it happens to Yogi becomes a matter of national 04. concern. And it does appear that Yogi is in to deep trouble. He is in danger of extermination. 05. Or, at least, his real-life brothers are. Out there in Wyoming, in the Yellowstone Park, there 06. used to be more hundreds of grizzly bears. A few years ago, there were about 250. Last 07. year, the number had dropped to just over hundred. And now ecologists claim that within a 08. few years, to as far as Yellowstone is concerned, the grizzly will be extinct. For almost a 09. hundred years, the bears had been feeding at the great rubbish dumps which are being found 40. in the park's remoter regions. They found out the collected dumps of travellers' garbage a 11. source of food, available all year round about. Often, the bears would arrive at a dump in 12. a great huge gang, thirty or forty strong. Then, suddenly, the park administrators ordered all 13. the dumps to be closed up, and any bear found near them to be shot. Hungry bears raged through the park.

D)
Most but not all of the following lines contain one unnecessary word. Underline the word that is not needed. If a line is correct, tick it. EDUCATION IN BRITAIN
01. Parents in Britain are being required by law to see that their children receive full-time 02. education between the ages of 5 and 16. At the present, there are about nine million 03. school-children at about 40,000 schools. The number is increasing, mainly because of some 04. increase in the birth rate, and such primary school numbers are very high. 05. Although the birth-rate has now stabilised, each year more of children stay 06. on at school from beyond the minimum leaving age. There is, therefore, a 07. continuing need for more teachers and more school buildings. In England, Wales and 08. Northern Ireland, it is usual for boys and girls to be taught all together in primary schools: that 09. is, up to the age of 11, but about half the secondary schools are for boys and girls only. 10. Although mixed schools are more common in Wales and Scotland, where all but a few city 11. schools take both boys and girls. As to a result of the reorganisation of schools, and the 12. introduction of comprehensive education, much more children are attending co-educational 13. establishments. While in the independent sector, more than half the schools are 14. co-educational; but of those that providing secondary education, the majority are either for 15. boys or girls. These independent schools do receive no grants from public funds, 16. and charge fees. They are of two types: the preparatory schools and the public schools. Exercise Answers

A)
01. Omit early, or place after began. 02. Use across instead of through. 03. correct 04. correct 05. Needs of before which. 06. Use obstacles instead of barriers. 07. correct 08. Phrase takes singular limb. 09. correct 10. in 11. Use plural seem to agree with most people. 12. Use when instead of where to indicate time. 13. Use many instead of much to indicate number. B) 01. Wrong word: use extinction. 02. Wrong word: use left instead of over. 03. Spelling: write their instead of there. 04. correct 05. Singular: head. 06. Use who instead of "which to refer to person. 07. Omission: out after "dying. 08. correct 09. Spelling: handful 10. Use adjective natural. 11. correct 12. correct 13. Spelling: noun is "disease. C) 01. So 02. only 03. it 04. to 05. the 06. more 07. correct

08. to 09. being 10. out 11. about 12. great 13. correct D) heck your answers. 01. being 02. the 03. correct 04. such 05. of 06. from 07. correct 08. all 09. correct 10. Although 11. to 12. much 13. While 14. that 15. do 16. correct