Anda di halaman 1dari 72

John Alexander Martin, newspaper clippings, 1885 to 1887, held by Richard Tensing, 145 Plaza Dr.

, # 508, Vallejo, California, -USA 94591-3706.

John Alexander Martin, newspaper clippings, 1885 to 1887, held by Richard Tonsing, 145 Plaza Dr., # 508, Vallejo, California, -USA 94591-3706.
John Alexander Martin, newspaper clippings, 1885 to 1887, held by Richard Tonsing, 145 Plaza Dr., # 508, Vallejo, California, -USA 94591-3706.

John Alexander Martin, newspaper dippings. 1885 to 1887, held by Richard Tensing, 145 Plaza Dr., # 508, Vallejo, California, -USA 94591-3706.
^Knights of Labor Hall.
|e Lyons Republican] •'•••".• March 21st, i885. )
•., •- 1;-'' •"•'' At a regular session of Olatho Local
Assembly, xr«
No. 0177
2177, held
neia «on March
jrKjci,nf ii'i, ,:t)i .'. • i ' —~;!-i';~i: 21st, 1885, the following resolutions
ie;radlrrtnd strike is ended, and were unanimously adopted i
pV.7.wv8s'l8 going nu u.s usual. We on
JiMOiM* That,we as an Assembly
he'Santu Fa knew nothing practl-
J|(ly "of5 the extent or the inconveu-
ii^Qe^pf,; t)iia\ disturbance. But the
of the Knights of Labor, who are.own-
estly struggling for ^ J » £ J
Missouri.'Pacific and its bruuches wej'o between labor and oajd a i Do most
*efffecil8F 'by It to the extent tbalfno hearty indorse (regardless of party
fifeiglilS''dbuld be moved, Gov. Mar1- SS8S&M) Governor John A Martin
H% W i i ? P P l e d t 0 / d r kelp and.fce and the Railroad Commissioners of the
g»Sfi O f w a to.. the • 'settt^oft' warl' State of Kansas, lor their unprccedont-
fceoHrt'etcfbe; strikers tri consultation, ,| ed courage, and manly, jotlon. ins g
MliNve'flmth tlieM 'tir ifamiuwfl
[oij»>. offlcerB.^l^e
A a>..-, This n^t beihg.suf-, ±S!/ &.ac r of^oreso :
MLei^it./ber-wit^ tire (JotorrtlMiofrtfft; e K
S« pS^on.^d U^^
5EPT fcp***i.'-^.'MIil-Sw
d o n e r s of t h e g 8 ^ i - - ,
it'WjwaUftcuJitWii. u-nd business was Jre-
|^amechthe?next Monday. 'T(w> iriucb.
The following circoiar has been issue
r l x n u AlU '7;1!*"i J .. W.I.. U.iVluk t.l'u by Governor Martin, president of the
Eighth Kansas association:
ATCHISON, KAN., Jane, 1886. /
Ihthti* of tlve woi-lc itigm oil'Utkl yet DEAR COMRADK—Twenty years ago the
jj'ii cWrespiw'fli iiti"• r'rJapecV for the Eighth Kansas disbanded as a military
organisation. About eight years ago a
[ ftolMkh W»\kW °4 -sun >.««*) i i o., .udj usi-; few members met at Leavenworth and
organised a Reulmental Society, with at
rile'iit'of the difficulties In such u way that time bnt few names on onr roster—
#'tb':lleii\»iio hard revengeful feelings «nd your secretary is pleased to report
ifi*Me',;tote«sla of either party. He that the roster now contains of Company
A, 17: B, 80: 0,87; D,41: R83; F,34; G,
p v^s jit^y^ seconded by others, It is,
^' John A. Martin, In a; 25; H, 27: I, 27, and K. 3—total, 274
names and addresses. There are many
tfrewf.iueasurev Is .the hupny rcnalf, names yet to be added, and It is espec-
^wMj?M0***?*Vld*M>:tlwU K ntiwa's ially requested that all menbers having
% the report of oar reanlon held at Leav-
.' u«ilt!r/nu,».) .r.j Si»r.'jjH(»u-.l :o I enworth two years ago, will examine the
rRWiihttlni 1-,-iii Vl'l8«r«ii« <•:•• ii list of names, and report all names
mmm • g g g known to them not on the list, giving
'company and address to the secretary.
i&fitE PATRON J T take (treat pleasure in informing yon
that the Eighth Kansas will hold a reg-
imental reunion at Topeka, Kansas, Sep-
tember 20th, 80th and October 1st, 1886.
.^PCBLISHED EVERY TJHJRSDAY, during the general soldiers' reunion, ana
yoa are earnestly requested to attend,
iij^ifrgB* •, —Dy tho— with yonr families and comrades, and
islnson County Co-Oper&t/e Association.! make this* reunion a grand success. Yoa
can obtain all necessary information In
due time, as to railway rates, time of de-
parture of trains, etc., from your G. A. R.
poet, or the£rsllroad agent of your town.
Fraternally yours,
JOBM A. MAirriN,
' *' '•" (• • President.
CDAB. W.BCST, Secretary.
; £ county would have " u a a Jo
'. • pqplppned' for "" weeks, to the
IbAiiiY STOlXEK.j £
greattdetrimeht. of lawyers and Ilti-
gajpta. Hence prompt action seemed
•t».v Bl£
TCBSDA.Y. EVENING, JULY 88, 1880. Two weeks before Judge Orner re-
WAI B ATI LOYAL Tft<U01 signed he. called on me, and told me
Mr. Reeffanqt-hlV claqaers are wMt> that he contemplated such action. I
perinlTlnBoWr'thatrRay'-played a slick appealed to him not to resign; stated
I game in getting liis. appointment, and hqwit would embarrass me; that the
that while he pretended to be using his old quarrel would be revived, more in-
influence with the governor for Heed's tense and irreconcilable than before;
appointment, lie was putting in two that r Was satisfied an agreement on a
§ words for "himself'for every one he candidate was impossible, etc. He
spoke for Reed. To refute this lie, also, said he believed be could suggest a man
Judge B»v sent, to "Governor Martin, not in/-the old tight, an a candidate,
i requesting him to return the batch of
letters1 which" he* TOote to him asking
whose appointment would give satis-
faction, and named yon. tasked him
o" Mr.Jte»d% appointment. The governor not to hand in his resignation;, to. con-
reMfne'd^ them' and they are now sider it fully, before acting; but that,
oo" in thePiucs8'omcef wbf*eany "doubt- If he was determined to resign, to go
ing Thomas" can satisfy himself of the back, look over the fleld carefully, and
sincerity of .ludge Bfty'n advocacy of ascertain who-wonld give most general
Reed's cause by calling and reading | «iatisfAction.
them.11-Accompanying them Governor rTe returneu* fi'» about I wo weeks. hand
Martin writes the following ^letter erf ih his resignation and reiterated.;
which is worthy of publication as _hls'atfttefoent that he knew of no one/
showing the manner of Judge Ray's Vn" !:umner rounty whose appointment
appointment and the governor's would give_' more general satisfaction,1
motives in appointing him.
or xho was hetter qualified for the-
place, thou you would, or than you

1 TO*EKA~ .fuly 3
JuDot i/Lkui X . R A Y .
were, Later,you Cfclltrd &nd expressed a
wlllihgness to accept the place, and' I
appointed you, Thin is the whole his?
| tory of the matter.
I Dear sir:-
Mr. Stotler informes me that you I don't write thin, of course, for pub*
00 want, the letters you sent me during lication.or for the public. I have no"
the judgeship content last winter, apologies to make to any one for my
touching the subject. I send them en- action. I did what my judgement
closed—all I think, that I ever received then approved, and still approves.
from yqut "*"•"•- *. I* And after all, it neems to me that a
.1 I.nVay'add that only ten other citi- (al je issue, or an Immaterial issue, was
zens of Wellington wrote me, favoring jade after your appointment. The
1 Mr. Reed's appointment," while a large stltution and laws devolve on thu
u numWr wrote me favoring Capt. Law- scutlve the appointing power, )n cer-
rence, or protesting against Mr. Reed, M(n cases. When lie exercises that
The most 'earnest supporter nf Mr. power the question Is not. or should
Reed had. so far as I know. wan your- not. be' win* reoommended this arj-
self. pointmeni, or why was It made? The
In speaking of the letters written by pertinent inquiry, rh« just question In:
citizens of Wellington,'of oo time I do "la the tappoiuteeiupableand honest?"
I not include the petition you sent me in
M|. Reed's behalf.
It he tnltils these requirements, whit
more is rheie i<> ny.or what objection
can reasonably l,c msdef
I may add that, when Judge Oruer
resigned, It seemed to me that any de- ••" With my best wishe* fur yum M I C - |
lay in making an appointment would •cess and prosperity,. • .
bave'irievitably resulted in two things: Vnnr.s Ihily.
First, it would have renewed the strife »<*»»•* .'.-.. .INO.A. MAKTIV.
and disagreement over the judgeship;
and second, tj&e district court in Sura-

mans are Durmng ana ravaging every-

thing, killing people. Many farmers from
Lawndale, twenty-four miles southwest
of here, in Pratt county, have brought
their families to town for safety. They
^TBDNESDAY MORNING ,IULY 8, IMS. were warned to fly by rumors from
southern Pratt. The report has just
reached here that Nescatunga is in the
M E INDIAN OUTBREAK hands of the Indians, who have sur-
rounded Cold water. These reports may
& • , be sensational, but we want to prepare.
REPORTS RECEIVED MY THE GOVERN^ Please give us an order for State arms
and amunition at Wichita. We have
\i OKRELATIVE TO THE HATTER. men to use them.
(Signed) S. S. BAKER, Sheriff.
He Bend* Telegrams to the Various Mill WHAT ACTION TI1ET WILL TAKE.
A tla Commanders of the State Intormtng
Gov. Martin went to the telegraph
Them of the Facte and Oommandlna* office and sent dispatches to the Com-
Them to be Prepared to be Called Out
manders of the State Guard at Wlnfield(
On a Moment'* Notice.
Wellington, Sterling and Larned to be
ready lor orders at a moment's notice.
He sent the substance of both dispatches
-,!;At.about 7 o'clock last evening people to Gen. Augur, at Fort Leavenworth. He
on the street were considerably aroused also sent to Frank GUlett, the Mayor of
by the reported receipt of a telegram by Kingman, to Mayor Wright, at Dodge,
the Governor from Kingman stating that to Gen. Timothy McCarthy, at Larnerd,
the Cheyenne Indians had broken from to Adjutant General A. B.Campbell,at
their reservation and were destroying Larnerd, to Sheriff Fulton, of Garden
property and taking life on every hand City, notifying them all to be in readi-
in the^ counties of Pratt and Commanche. ness and to Bend out runners to warn
Investigation substantiated the rumor the settlers south of them. The Govern'
and the associated press dispatches for or answered Sheriff Baker that arms |
the afternoon were proof of the state- would be,aent at once.'
ment that the Indians had broken from Col. Quigg and Superintendent Nick-
their reservation. Until a late hour it was erson telegraphed to many points on
a difficult matter to hear or leain any the Southern road, but received a reply
thins; which would point to an authenti- from Dodge only; that was to the effect
cation of the dispatches of the early part that the Indians had made a raid into
of the evening. Later, however, the the Panhandle of Texas. The absence
following information was gleaned from of the operators eoemed to Indicate that
the Governor's office: there was no alarm at those places
At 10 p. m. the Governor received a
"'',,lj' . PONDENCE.
reply from General Augur that he baa
At 7 p.m. Gov. Martin received the I
It no report from Reno, but will telegraph
I fallowing from Col. Quigg, of the Santa
"Day operator at Wichita says that an
there at once.
It is well enough to sny that Governor
Martin telegraphed to General Augur as
outbreak waj reported in the southern
part "of Pratt county to-day. Several early as June 20 to station troops on the
killed and balance of the people driven southern line of Comanche, Meade and
off. Stock all driven out. One man Clark counties. Ho also informed the
came in to Pratt to'day, says he is the President and the Secretary of War of
only one left in his family,balance killed
but operator does not know how many the dancer of a Cheyenne outbreak.-
. About the same time the Governor} The following was received from the
received the following dispatch: Mayor of Dodge City:
, _ July 7, 0:45 p. m. 7& Qnxtrnor John A. Martin.
Go*. John A. Martin, Tpptka, Mantai: Dispatch rtceived and forwarded to
; People are pouring into the city from Ashland and Hupply. Have sent all our
the western part of this county and | arms to settlers below. Send US fifty
Pratt county seeking safety from a sup- or one hundred arms and ammunition.
posed Indian attack. Reliable parties We will get men ami horses. We await
from Pratt county and Saratoga report your orders. Answer immediately.
that the people of southern Pratt are all [Signed] B, M. WBIQHT.
rushing tojtbe towns, reporting that In-
, Aughr teljagrap.
$ 5e Uommauding tienerar 01 this cie
::M-P;m. ^ f p t
. Four troops • of cavalry at Fort' Riley mriment, who assures ma that he
are under orders for Kiowa. Will send ias a sufficient force now at Reno, 4-
them as soon as cars dan be had." Will ;h Indian territory, to prevent an
telegraph for them to-night. Will also outbreak of the ChbyehhS or other
send four troops of cavalry from here Indians. He expresses himself en-
as soon as cars can be had. To what
point '..should troops be , sent? tirely confident of his ability to keep
Remember that It am with- the Indians within the limits of
out information and must ' depend their reservation. I hnyc given the
just now upon you for it. The rumors matter prompt ruid constant atten-
© should be verified, as soon as possible
r<> that we may know exactly whit to do. tion) and huve Called the attention
i : ><>?;'? • ,: ^;;;-Atigfii,JBrig.Gen. '; rjf not only the General Command-
., jit will • be seen from the above that ing this department, but the Secra-
g ever1/ pxertion Is being'used now to pro- j;ary qf War. to the reported dissat-
tec* 'the lives ' and „. property isfaction among thn Ihdiaiis. and
9f . ^Vour jj . cttisens from the apprehensions entertained by
outrage. It is feared however that con- bur people, that the raid of 1878
siderable damage will be done before the', might be repeated. 1 also bad the
(Senators from Kansas? who were in
troops can be brought to the scene of
action. m & ifi#fc*$# M Washington two weeks ago call on 1
the Secratary of War, add the Gen-
eral commanding the Armies and
If the newB of the killing of our citi-
zens in the Western,parj of the State I
present the facts to them personally.
1 have Jilsd rot nested the General I
proves true, as it seems at this writing, Commanding thw dbpurtineut to
Gov. kartln can have ,rthe satisfaction of Keep trirJ cohstai tly adffoed concent-
knowing that he has done his duty. iiig the situation in the Indian Tcr-
V") For weeks past tie chas written and tele- |'Htory. and in the eveht that be is.
graphed Gen. Augur, Secretary of War, lit any time, doubtful of hiri power
I and the President? -Gen. Augur poo~| to suppress any Indian outbreak,
that Mj would telegraph me at oiice,
I pooed at anything he was told about
tuid telegraph, also, to the points,
-<3 them, and said there was, no danger*
We hope ;for the best, but old Ramans nearest the threatened territory, so
know that a squad of Indians can that messengers' might be dispatched s
ut mice to inform the1 settlers: 1*
£ follow the trail they did In 1869, kUl
five hundred to a thousand men, women Vim will see.. Brora these stute-
and children, and get' out of the State Ineuts thut I huvcadontfd all possi-
00 be 'ore one of them can be captured. If ble precautions for tno protection
they are actually in the State, the out* Of our borders, and I sincerely trust
look for some of our people is simply ihut they will prove effective. I
lawful. Miink,- however; that it would be
well for the counties lying along
•JjftTTKnVltOW MOV, HAIIT1N. the southern borders Of the State.
Including the si'ttlcrs Uf Harbor,
ft STATU, OK KANHAS, EXKCUTIVK DKIMHT- \ pomanche. Clark, and Meade coun-
V MKXT, Topekn, July «, 1885. ) ties; to perfect hiilitury organiza-
MKUHUS, D.utuow & WATMWI— tion.^ alid arrailgo for a prompt no-
& GENTLEMEN:-'! have received the t iliciiiioji, .in I he event of any raid.
petitiob., signed by yourselves- and I ma sorry thiU 1 have no funds" now ut
other citizens of Comanche county, hiy disposal for r>«e Inum h ait em'ergeuey
lis the present. For u number of yours
requesting that urnis and urn muni- bast the legilliiUlH1 Man rr^itlarly appro.
tion be; furnished ftrt protection u- printed ii fund fyr thw, protection of the
uafost the Indians. We huve a very border*. None of It luut been used for
limited' supply of arms, mid little or Veara past, and *o the last legislature
no ammunition, rtnd have received ueemed it nnnf'es.sur.v to continue «uch
tippeulsyfroni half « doaen different 'in appropriation. Ifi'iicc. I luive no
sectionsAof South-western Kansas, bioans directly at my disposal which
'.ould lie HeVoted t5 establishing pii-ket*
similar to, this. But I have referred }>» the Ihffdew, rJir Hiv purpose of watch-
your letter to the Adjutant General, ing the Indians iiild -giving tlmeJ±;uotlee
with the request that he give it his to the s«drler.s. All'J tU|» wqr^IWUA«
attention, aiKl comply with your re- Mono ut all, .will have to Do'*B%
quest, if possible. bottlers tlicJiiseRc',
I am in daily communication with
Jidb&jj arms deST
' m f confidence has bagn greatly [general.
jSried-^tlittt fte Unltel^tate^orc- Gen. Campbell says that while he was I
,. ejjqal to the task of siippresssiu& any in Dodge, a man arrived there whoj
. Jap Oatbi-enk, and preventing any inva-
ai^QftfuV borders. "'"'" '" live! but two miles from the Indian
I^SiSfeSlSjfeS Commanding Cfen- Territory line right on the trail the |
;the departed! of tlie Missouri Indians would have taken had tbey en-
btect'fbehord^^^ansas, dnd to keep tereefthe state, to obtain information
flans witmdfheir reservation. relative to the outbreak. He had heard
m| Tours, Very respectfully, something of it but came to Dodge to I
kW>v/^ft!' . iTbitNA- HAHTI:X' learn facts. As soon as the correct state j
^ — — m m
of affairs was told him he went home !
perfectly satisfied. This shows almost I
conclusively that no further trouble is j
anticipated by the settlers.
PIUY MORNINO. 55E? 11.1886 The general received a letter this|
morning from Cimarron, on the line of
the A. T. & 8. F , a few miles from Gar-
fflET gSTORED. den City, asking for arms. As all the1
guns under his control have already
[AN EXdlTEMBNT ENTIRELY] been given out he has, at present, non i
fjgf^-;; SUBSIDED. _. to send them. Bat, as Cimarron is oi
the trail which the Indians might take
if they attemnted «ny of their murder-'
_ 3orre«pondeuce Which the Govern-| ous work in the State, he will try tr1
ori» in Reoelpt of From Gan. Aug-ur supply their wants in this line in a fe\
_ AUve to t i e X jvement of Troo p • days.
to Where They Will Obtain T h e i r COL. PROUTY'B STATEMENT.
*"-—'lei. Col. Prouty, editor of the Dodge City
Cowboy, arrived in the city yesterday.
itant General A. B. Campbell re- He states everything is quiet out his
am Dodge City yesterday. He way, and that the excitement of the past
Drto that the people of the vicinity few days no longer exista. Business has |
y r p c h h e came are.all quiet now been resumed, and the settlers are re-
jS-^n'pursue the e v e n t e n o r 0 f their turning to their homes.
ame as they did prior to the
trancejof the Cheyenne In- The Goversoi'* ()orr«e>pondenee.
i the* state a few days ago. He General Augur commanding this de-
iat the people of the border partment, tends Governor Martin copies
inties of Clark. Comanche and Meade of the following orders, issued to the
£«»mW!&" ••*•• :.. . . . . . . commanding officers oi the troops now
^thoroughly organized that in In southwestern Kansas. In transmit-
. . . Indians were to attempt to enter ting these orders, G neral Augur sends
Hs't^ey could be driven back with- a letter to the governor, a copy of which
J.e,AwUt)j$ce of the soldiers. He is appended.
, . . J p to each of the above Governor Martin states the action of
p $ u h u e s and a company of fifty General Augur has been prompt, ener-
grangers was at once organized getic and effective, and that, with troops
to each town*and fiftyinmore
company case can
the stationed as General Augur has direct-
j i t y arises. • ed, he believesthe southwestern frontier
ftf-seems that iu Clarke and Meade will be fully protected, and an Indian
ounties the settlers had expected some invasion will be made impossible.
^fQppn.ble with the Cheyennes The orders issued to Lieutenant Colo-
Bid made preparation for them by nel Compton and Major G.8. Sanford are
J anizing companies of rangers. As
jpnaa the news of the reported trouble
as follows:
|;ched th'em the, captains of these va- MitmuUKi, [•
companies p^leeded at once to J u i v », 18MA, l2:4o ,,. w .
Lieut. Col. Compton, V. S. A., OmmanUing Troopt
trostficld, Knxuat:
The commanding general directs that
aa soon as possible, after reaching Cross
you W1J1 put your command __ "PROTECTING T B S BORDER.
march due west, until it reaches a point
where the road from Dodge City to Fort ( -h;
Supply crosses the Cimarron. In that Ample Protection to be Given Uie South-
vicinity you will establish your camp J west from any Indian Outrage* that may
and receive your supplies from Dodge J
City. You are authorized to hire a I In response to a letter written by
guide. Acknowledge receipt and state
when you leave Crossfield, and when Governor Martin to General Angar, con-
you reach camp, A month's supply of I cerning the exposed condition/ of our
sub-istence and grain will meet you at | southwestern frontier, and urging that a
i the new camp. *"
Major Sanford's command will be at I
force of cavalry be stationed on bar bord-
Qroatfleld, and will send scouts toward | ers, General Augur, under data' ;of July
1 vou along the Indian Territory frontier
You should scout east and west along-
8th, writes: ^-;'
"Nothing has been received' From Fort
the frontier. ••••»' "i
[Signed.] _ MABTIN, A. A. General.
Reno that in any way change my views
as expressed by me in previous letters,
FT. LIAVENWOBTH, Kits.', July 0, 1886 , ,
as to the apprehended outbreak of the
Cbeyennes. In my judgment, there will
\MiijnrO B, Btmford, Commanding Troopi, KingA be no such outbreak. " m .,
1 •man, Kuntat;, „.*-.- I know very well, however, that this
(J Commanding general directs that as opinion is not going to relieve from anx-
o" soon as possible after reach 11 g Kingman iety those settlers on the frontier whose
j> you put your command in march for families are directly exposed Id, CAM of
CroBsflela—present terminus of the hostilities on the part of the Indians,
Southern Kansas railroad—and estab- To give confidence to these settlers on
lish your camp in convenient distance of the borders of the Indian Territory, a
* that place, to which your supplies will camp of four troops of cavalry will be es-
be sent. Col. Compton's command will tablished as soon as oosslble in the vicin-
be about fifty miles south of Dodge City, ity of Kiowa, whereby frequent scouting
on the road to Ft Supply, and will send towards Fort Rano, information can be
scouts toward you on Indian Territory obtained in time to afford protection
frontier. You should send scouts along against any threatened invasion.
the frontier, east and west. Acknowl- I feel satisfied there will be no serious
edge receipt, and rtate when you leave trouble. The commissfoner if now with
Kingman, report also when, you reach the Indians, and I believe a satisfactory
Crossfield. (Signed) solution of the trouble will result.' -
MABTIN, A. A. General. ,
The following is the letter from Gen]
2 I Augur to Gov. Martin: JUSTICE TO KANSAS DAILIES,
| Miss,
M T U . K A X , , J. Governor Martin Writs* a Vary Commend-
t-»" July 9, 1885. J able Letter to" the Board of Railroad
I Dtar Governor Varttn: i CommUelooerj. •' ;;
1 enclose copies ol tolegrams to officers! The governor yesterday addressed the I
following letter to the Board of Railroad j
oo commanding troops in southern Kansas. Commissioners:
Those new locations will cover all the 7b the Honorable Board of Railroad Commit*
ground referred to in your telegram this iloneri: • jt, • .-• i
.a morning, and lathe beet that can bo done
1 with available troops. All the cavalry
in the department is now in the field.
As I am to be retired from active service
I respectfully direct your attention to
the article subjoined, taken from thej
Topeka COMMONWEALTH and Leaven-
worth Timet.
to-morrow, this will probably be my last
official act with yourself in striving to I do not know that you can do any-
give confidence to your frontier settlers, thing to remedy the outrage complained
and to guard them against the possibility of, but it is an outrage and ought to be
of an attack by hostile Indians. prevented by some means. The railway
I still believe there need be no out- companier, in my judgment, have ampk
I power to put an end to it by refusing to
break, and that with judicious manage- permit the News companies access to
I ment there will be none.
With great respect, very truly yours, their trains unless they afford all Kanai
daily newspapers a fair and equal ohanc
[Sign ed. ] C. C. A va UH, for eaie by furnishing such newspaper
Brigadier General Commanding. to train boys, and compelling said train
m boys to offer them in common with other
COURT AJU nawspapers published in other States.
I suggest that you call the attention of]
the managing officers of the Atchison,]
Topeka & Santa Fe, Missouri Pacific and
its Kansas branches, and the Kansas Pa-
cific to this outrageous discrimination
against Kansas journals within the lim-
its of Kansas and on Kansas roads.
pernor Martin'* Communication,
< Jttly. : 9.—[Special.] The (Indian socretary of war to this situation of affairs, and on
i kfftmt brer. The flow of telegrama bat tbo 96th of June laat, I earnestly requosted tho
general commanding thla department to station a
$ ;«nd little more hat come from'Qle cavalry force on the southern border ot Kanaaa,
r • 'co'kntWa that can be doemed reliable, between llarber and Meade counties, In order to
aorr pf^the burning of' a towu In the prevent an Indian Invasion and give oaauranco of
^Mft'oif Comanche county reaches here protection to our peaceful clllzone.
It the national gomrnmont locato* In the Indian
>• Larue d,' but with tho, rumor' came territory largo numbere of savage, dlacontonted
'it could not be traced to any reliable and dangerous Indiana, It I* Its plain duty to pry
ae thing bat been tttltftctorily vide ao ample force to restrain them within tbo
ed during the pitt,two weeks, and boundarleaot that territory, and on their reserva-
'tUy during the two days last past— tion. The etaio ot Kansas cannot afford to main-
tain a atandlng army on Ita aouthern border, and
^artfn'haa be;n determined to ate nc ought not to bo'compelled to maintain such an
*^iiure» to protect our people oa ibii army, in order to protect Ita bordera from Invasion
"« hat also secured the aid of tb< by Indiana, and to give assurances of safety and
rernmetrt, and troops enough' ha v< protection to Its citizens. This Is a duty which tbo
I along/the border to counteract anv general government, not the state, should dis-
Borne" or "bad medicine" that IS) 8o long as the Cheyennea, or other turbulont and
l or tny other tribe of Indians may dangerous tribes are In tbo Indian territory, so long
ijfolr itanual dances. Without will the bordera of Kanaaa bo menaced by such
"to , lpqu'ire what may hate dangers and disasters, such suffering and losses
^ t r e a t m e n t ' , of these Indiana u Uuve rosultod during tho paat forty-eight houra.
It la tho plain duty of the national government,
"ed StAes goyernmaut, the governor It seems to me, to atntlon a permanent and adequate
'de'teriblned: to administer "good military force on the southwestern borders ot Kan.
.thev crossed our borders. He doet eae. Posts should bo located and maintained at con-
h{k,t Kansas oltlaens should suffer venient points from the west Duo of Burbar to
pperty for, the wrong doings, or Seward county. And these posts should bo con-
nected with oach othor, by plckote or vldetu out-
"1 doings, ot ,fho Unlied states posts, at to guard all that aectlon ot Kansas. Tbt
ding Inquiry he determined to troops stationed at Keno and Supply afford llttlo or
era! government with-a number no pmteetion to the bordera ot Kanaaa. The In-
I cpndltion either to preserve or dians barn only to move westward a few miles, on
crematories that need encour- tbelr reservation, and tbey aro out ot rear.b of tbe
troops, with tbe bordera of Kansas exposed and de-
^5«^,y.,^».<, ~-r',*\,:]i';.y v& '• fenseless, within easv alriklne distance.
in by Governor Martin to pro- Calling your attention to this condition ot affairs,
lan euro the Indian disease will bo I request that prompt and adequate meaauroe bo
r those settlors who, In tbelr adopted for the orotectlon of tho borders of tbls
stste against any possible Invasion by tbe Indians
TA.l»ame.and. property. With the ot tbe territory. In the name ot the people of Kan-
years ago In remembrance, the sas, I enter a oroteat agalnat a further continuance
• Nj wopdered at- There are Io- of the policy, civil or military, which hat twice bo-
e Clmmaron river, where tbey fore permitted the Indians to Invade our borders
,be. ' Having been seen tbero by with Are and sword, and which, during tbe past
apectors,It It not wonderful that forty-sight hours, baa sent thousands of people—
l> traveled north, and that a' men, women and children—floelng In terror from
,vs» who had canse to follow their peaceful homes. i
tlncta were credited with the It may be that thla panle Is without reason. It
pillage that all expected, may bo that no Indiana have croased tho line,, B
e country, the rumors of. Indians Is, however, certainly true that more thai 100
Cheyenuee—the worst of their tribe—have escaped
Hjnlfled into murdering hordes, from their reservation, and gone, ao the command-
«rebecamo burning towns. ' ?'-.• ing officer at Iteno believes, to tho hoad of tbo Cim-
ugh arousing of the eptire country arron. Out whether tbla panic Is bnseloss or not,
—){movement of troopa wfQ bajyu a whether tbe Indlsns bavo Invadsd Kanaaa or not,
10 demonstrates the fact thai po so long aa tbey are where they are, and what they
ds, at left a desolate path though are, ao loan will Kansas be menaced and apprehen-
'ever again occur. Iialso demon. sive, and ao long will the alliens ot our south-
western counties ho liable to such panlca, with
P ? ""i""""""••»-, their resulting demoralisation, loases and suffer-
i thing—that if contractors desire' lag-
ndlana for future gain, thoy mutt The commanding gsnersl of this department has
I$ & ? • ??f?P_ J l,
md tho limits of our present
b Bl ,ttrt
•paction 1through Comanche, Clark,
« to- d »tPn a
lust ordered eight companies of cavalry to our
Southwestern border. This force. If stationed aa I
havo Indicated, and permanently maintained, will
be ample to grve the cltlxena of the exposed country
/Seward counties, and will report, assurances of protection. And I sincerely hope
i»S 9; fi mo r, to 'oe governor, jfnecea.' that permanent military posts will be osiaollstaod
along the border, at tho polnta I have mentlonod,
ao that tho people of tbls stste may, In tho future,
B5Bg2?. tt "» written this afternoon be permitted to pursuo thoir peaceful avocations
Bor/Mirtln to t h o ' J w B w f S l S with tbo conBdent assurance that thero la no
dancer, no possibility ot an Invasion by tbo Indians
thoroughly: - "41 of tbe territory.,
**TSu b * " A . Kit., July 9, 1885. I have thuhonor to be, with vary great respect,
your obedient servant, J o n * £ MA««,,*..
Governorot Kansas,
fS'*£!?J *°rtr-«'fc"bt honrt paat a dozen "H& i„ri
to|outhwe.ternTUn*at have boon in a
Wdexcttemont and panic. Oftousanda of
lt»**ab»ndoned their hoinW their crow
to town
J^heLsunpoaedftf ' F 'bto're*ircoold
danger had * proUctlo^J

& ! ^ T ^ i b e t t M , l n n ? * ^ « "B»tf* ore-

^ ' ' ^ • i m m l n e n t danger.of such a

EsnhTl^nde r eoar
? P K discontent-
s5& * H , , southweatarn bordort
and dtrfenaeless. Mare than two |
ioroid tne transfer of tfie
MARTIN TO LAJfi savage tribes of Arizona and Now Mex-
ico to a closer proximity with the peace-
Tbe Governor In a Letter to the Secretary ful people of Kansas, Texas and Colora-
of the Interior Objeota to the Transfer do, whose representatives suggested and
of the Apaebee From Arizona to "Mo secured the passage of the law referred
Man's Lund." to. v •
Governor Martin addressed the follow- I sincerely hope that the suggestion
ing letter to Secretary Lamar yesterday: said to have been made, that the Apa-
ches be transferred to "No Man's Land,"
TOPKKA, July 11,1885 4
2b the Son. 1. Q 0. Lamar, Secretary ojthe
5. Interior'
will not be accepted by tbe authorities
of the United States. I protest against
its acceptance as an evasion and viola-
WoiMngUm. V. C; tion of the clear purpose and spirit of
SIK—In the Associated Press dis- the law of February 17th, 1879. I protest
patches from Washington, published this against the proposed transfer of the, Ap-
aches as menacing tbe peace and secu-
morning, I find the following: rity of the citizens of Kansas. I protest
Washington. JulylO.-Q. Gordon Adams, and against the location of these lawless and
several other rtsldents of Arizona, havo had in-
terviews with tbe secretary ot tbe interior in ref- bloodthirsty Indians in a region Imme-
erence to itar proposed transfer of tbe Apaohesou diately contiguous to the homes of
the S*u Carli s reserration to ine IQIUAU Territo- thousands of peaceful citizens-of the
ry. Tbe secretary examined tbe legal status of
the Indians, and found tbut tbe act of Kcbruary I United States; in a region from whence,
17.1879 lorbld tbe trauifir of ibe Apaores, or any at any moment, they could invade the
other Indians In Arizona or New MrS'oa, to tbe borders of three states of the union, mur-
Indian Territory until congrea* should have leg-
islated further upon the auojiot. . dering and destroying ail in their path-
"I'he Arizona delegation wa» somewhat oon- way.
fouedtd wbt-n trtt-lr attention wasoalled to tble
aot, theexisienceof wblcb was unknown to ibom. I have no doubt that the authorities
It was •unrated to ibein ihat the Apache* might, and people of Colorado and' Texas will
without violating the statute, be transferred to regard this proposed transfer as
"No Man • Laud, wr»tor tbe Indian Tcrrltory.or
to Oreeoeouuty, tvxas, a tract olaimtd by both I do, and that they will protest
Texas snd tbe Indian Territory In tbe event that against it as earnestly and
it shovld be founa to belong to Texai. Trie sug- emphatically as do tbe authorities and
gestion was accepted ty tbe g n lemen, and
toey will make a urong eiTirt to secure the prusl- people of Kansas. But in any event, II
dent's consent to the pian." desire to enter my emphatic protestI
I am, of course, unable to determine against a proposition so menacing to tbe I
whether this dispatch embodies an ac- peace and security of the people of this
curate statement of what transpired at state. lam, very respectfully,
the conference had with the honorable JOUN A. MABTIN,
secretary of the interior by the delega- Governor of Kansas.
tion from Arizona. But I nave the right
to assume that such a dispatch has some
foundation, and I enter my earnest pro-
Test against the propoatd transfer of the
Apache Indians to "No Man's Land."
Such a transfer would, in my judgment,
*P&c €kj#t*tj
be a grosser violation of the spirit, if not
of the letter, of the act of congress of rrt$?
J, Z* HUDSON, i^tor and Proprietor.
February 17th, 1879, than would the
transfer of these turbulent and savage T#?*r
Indians to the heart of the Indian Ter- TUKflDAV MOBNTNO, i
The intent and purpose of congress, as General Phil SheriSnToom^naT
I am informed by gentlemen who were
members of that body when the act in chief of the armies, accompanied, by,
question was passed, was to prevent the [brother, Colonel Mike Sheridan, and if
transfer of the wild and lawless tribes of eral Miles and Colonel Corbin, a r m / '
New Mexico and Arizona, and especially this city last night otfthe midnight'
of these savage Apaches, to a region con-
tiguous to tbe peaceful homes of the peo General Sheridan is gent to the scerie of
pie of Kansas, Colorado and Texas. Yet the anticipated Indian troubles by order
the transfer of tbe Apaches to "No Man's of the president for ; the purpose
. Land" would locate them in much closer adopting some means to quiet the
proximity fo the settled portions of the
states mentioned than would their trans- skins. They left Chicago , on Sunday,
fer to the heart of the Indian Terri- reaching Kansas City yesterday slier-
tory. noon. The party started from Chicago in'
The honorable secretary of the interior a Chicago, Burlington Sc Quinoy'
must be aware that "No Man's Lund" which they retain until they
has always been considered by the public
and corgress as a part of the Indian well, Kan., which is the end of
Territory. Certainly congress, in en- ney by rail. At'-,- Caldwell
acting the law of February 17ih, 1879, 8heridan and the" others J pi ""the
must have so regarded it. For the pur-
pose of thelaw-makinx isvery party will take fast stages to Fort
Reno. At Caldwell the uartv will be
or Martin yesterday received the
ifbllovring oommunication .from the de-
partment of the interior:
J". - , MO»»ICBS OF INDIAN" AriraiBa, )
city he r ,j V^WASBINQTON, July 22,1885.]
,H6n. 'SmniJ.< 3Tartint Governor of Kan-
-ierid 1
> aas^Toptkdy fCamas. *•(&'".
"Shim1 v
- 'BXfSWBmSi^k' receipt of your
letter of the-'-lith inst., ' received in this
office By department reference, in which
'you t>rote*V' against the settlement of
-j^xa 'Aptwhas la. the Indian territory, I have
the honor to say, that under the provisions
of the act approved February 17th, 1879,
(20 statue at large page ''SIS) the removal
of said Indians to. the Indian territory is
' rohibited unless the tame shall be hereof-
authorixed'by acV'of congreMi. and I
.1 assured'that there is1 no effort or in ten-
on on the part of any bureau, or depart-
ment of the government to • violate either
e language or spirit and intent of said
j K Very reapwtfullS .• -^W> .; .;,
',?<?.. './. U. U. ATKINS;, Comralssioner.


jjfyta fc.lowiS'S
[^QeiWtok to**!*"*
* Qfrernar Martin morning:

I.have received your
and 20th. They have
wo mea-i General Miles, who tti_. M«r«d:>
faltffft aa.'W m here tor
Fort Supply to-morrow morning, and' wUl
make an examination of the country and
ints jou mention as military stations,
tOTent^ TXi'v^Wht B lere need be no fear on the pari of .'the
settlers of southwestern Kansas - from
luties. Ha
1CMQ» V3f hostilities from the \ Oheyeane and
Arapahoe Indians. 1 have rfbne down
<fi$«?T'••*?* to the bottom of affairs hpre, Tabd know
ling the a that the irritation was the rendf
i active a* <•0**>J eontrol and , oppressive '"'$
I hope for a correction ecthVievils, and
kflx confident when I lean ' V,the p*o-
pie of Kansas may gather i >p*aad
jdoep peacefully at night. '•
is'an officer of good judgraeatwbo will do
all that is necessary to restore confidence
from a panic so paralyiirigln its effects as
ttu one has been to the industries of year
.itftte. •;•, P. U,'&uamAX,' '.••'»••
m>V.'J:V: •[ . •. lieutenant General,-
v?he jpress dispatched
t u t the interior deparlm' to General SheriSah'j
I troVof the Cheyenne and Arapahoe reter-
I j i V - ' " -* -HI t • I ^..^asMl
___:""' '•'''''•.jiv
TOPBKA, KAS., July 29-l8pecl«l.J .'At'.'this I In the Southwest can and will enforce the;
time there Is much interest manifested ,tfr
in the movements of cattle in the | law?" u ' i
Indian territory, caused by the order* "I have no doubt of i t They will have tho
from Washington, which means the prac whole population of their counties to eustalu
tlcal destruction of the cattle trade, or at least them, for every Kansas man realizes the neces-
the business of many men now engaged in that sity o£excluding Texas cattle." • -..,. .„•.
trade. Desiring to get an expression from men ^ j ^ •^™*»«SMsssssMasssssMs^i***^***fa***^*»*1
who bad. inado this question a study, your cor-
respondent called on Governor John A. Martin,
who consented to pa Interviewed wben hi* at-.
tentlon was called to the deep Interest mani-
fested, not only in Kansas City, but in the en-
Ire Weat and South. The first point was the
eases, and the question was asked:
"What do you think of the order concerning
tto cattle leases In the Indian territory 1" MARTIN TO CLEVELAND.
"I regard It u arbitrary and unjust The
United States government has insisted on pre-
serving the territory at a home for the Indians, | The Letter Wnloh the Governor Addressed
and has treated it, In all Its laws and In Its to tne Pretldeut a> Few Day* Ago With
dealings with them, as tbclr property. The
Indians leased the grass, on. certain lands, to B«f«renoe to tha Indian Trouble *.
the cattlemen. Whether the cattlemen made a The following is the letter which
good or * poor bargain with the
Indiana, " I do not • know, but | President Cleveland referred to in hia
It Is certain tbat for the first tlmo In their lives reply to the representatives of the cattle
the Indians received something for the grass on
their lands. And for the first time, also, the owners, who appeared before him on
vegotatlon of the Indian territory .has' been of Tuesday, and which he stated came
usp to the human race. For centuries It has
.aimply gone to waste, blooming and blossom- I from the governor of Kansas:
ing in rank luxuriance, but of no valuo to and TOPEKA, KAS., July 31,1886.
used by no human being on the faco of too D> the Presfctmf ,'
earth. The government say*, in effect, that it I deem it my duty to call your attea-
shall continue to bo so wasted, and
to bo used for the benefit of no- I tlon to the condition of affairs in the In-
body. The Indians don't use It—the dian Territory. You are aware tbat tbe
government says the white* shall not use it. Territory lies directly south of Kansas,
Thus the Indians are deprived of tbn reserve and that, in the event of an outbreak
they received, and «tbo cattlemen, who have among the Indians, this state would be
been acting under what tuoyi supposed to bo
legal leases, for which they have paid the stipu- exposed to the dangers of an invasion
lated price, are seriously damsged, If not I by them.
ruined." Two military posts have been estab-
"But hns there not been considerable opposi- I llsbed on our southwestern border, one
tion to the occupancy of the Indian lands by the near Kiowa, Barber county, and one at
cattlemen I" -i*.-! Deep Hole, Clark county, and Generals
"In some quarters, yes. But it was a thought- Sheridan and Miles have assured me
lets opposition, or crew out of a 'dog-ln-the- that they will be maintained until all
manger* spirit, which Influences many men.
People ssw the cattlemen there; tbey thought danger is over. I have earnestly re-
they had what ia called a 'good thing;' and so quested General Sheridan to estab-
those outside, who couldn't get insido, growled lish another post on the Cimarron
and declaimed. Yet, the occupancy of thoso near the 100th meridian, and hope that
lands for grazing purposes, Injured nobody.
Tho Indians were benefited In the money tbey I my request will be compiled with. I
received; tbo cattlemen wero benefited In secur- will not feel assured that the borders of
ing pasturago for their herds: and the people, | this state are adequately protected unless
generally, were benefited, because the occu- ! these three military posts are estab-
pancy of theie lands aided In tbo work of supply- | lished and maintained until the troubles
ing beef for public consumption. A disputed
from Dallas, printed In the Kansas City JOUHNAL In the Indian Territory are finally set-
the other day, stated that Texas cattle bad ad- I tied. ^
vanced fully'J5 per cent since the president's I write for two reasons: Fir$t, I want
order was issued. Is au lnoroasod prlco for | to say to you, as the chief executive of
beef of public benefltl" I the nation, that I am not at all assured
"Do you anticipate any trouble from tho at- that all danger of an Indian outbreak is
tempts of tbo Texas cattlemen to drive their
cattle Into or through Kansas!" | over; and, Second, To appeal to you to
"I hopo nono will occur. Our laws nro ex- maintain the military posts already es-
e licit and I havo directed tho lrlvos stock sani-
iry commission to soo tbat tbey arc rigidly en-
forced. Kansas shall not bo desolated by the
[ tablished on the south-western border of
Kansas, and to see that another post is
established about fifty miles west of that
Texas fever If I can prevent it. Tho presence at Deep Hole.
of a Text* steer from south of tho thirty-
seventh parallel, In any section of Kansas I am not assured that our borders are
means tho destruction of evory head of native I secure, because the IndlanB are armed
cattlo In tbat section. Texas fever Is far moro I with the Implements of war, and because
dangerous to the cattle of Kansas than is pleuro- II do not believe the causes of irritation
pneumonia. Texas cattle poison tbo grass, tho among them have been removed. By a
water, the earth, wherovcr they go, and Kan-
sas cattle, grazing on the grass, new enrollment of Indifcnv, recently
drinking the water or moving over the high- 1
made, their rations will be^Krgely cut
ways where Texas cattlo have been, are doomed down, and by tbe expulalo^Hwlhe cat-
to certain destruction. Texas csttle have no
legal right in Kansas; their presence Is fatal to
the stock of our own people, and It is our plain
duty to protect our stock Interests sgalnst such,
losses as the Texas cattle spread lu their trail.
Do you think the sheriffs aud other ofllcec
.,~ir~fhey use them at all,
reduced. .Those of the Indians [only for unlawful and criminal purposes,
e irritated by the presence of either to wage war against one another,
IvUIifora brief time, remain or to assail, plunder or murder peaceful
•"but on the other hand, th$ citizens. An Indian, with a gun in his
ho favored the cattle leases I hand is a standing menace to every
v be irritated, and in a brief time [citizen in his vicinityV.f' If the govern-
|B51e body of them begin to feel Iment desires to make him a self-sustain-
ta of their reduced rations and ling citizen, it should disarm him. So
aia1»;;thiB'irritation will spread I long as he is permitted to carry a gun.
I he will never take hold of the plow.
Sdfnterest, either 'directly or I have the honor to be, your obedient
- in the cattle leases, and in (servant, JOHN A. MARTIN,
• pn, MK president, I beg to Governor of Kansas.
" A P T T I " ifappa „...
Jte protection for the peo-
western Kansas, and to urge
ion of such precautionary
twill'insure the borders of
gainst aay' possibility of an •'..• ° . ••»*?•••. g&gj£ •• > ' f - - ° -
i or invasion^.' •••' '&&*&&*£
*h outbreak among the In* JWB0NK3DATkoRMUf^OOXJaT 5 UsT
likely to' occur, 'the Jm- •BtttltaMMaMM •*•
'niaintaing ah adequate
Palong the southwestern OOMOBBXIMOINDIAN CLAIMS.
tas should be apparent.
J IndUtris are where they
;''they are, and the borders OorraipSfifonM B«tw««n th» Oommlulon.
if--exposed to invasion by •r of Indian Aflfclriand lb* SUU Ag«n t.
la "likely to occur at any The following correspondence, con-
.Jlting In.'-"wide-spread de- cerning the claims of citizens of Kansas
L and pecuniary loss. for losses occasioned by Indian inva-
i of 'peaceful settlers have,
"ftlyemonths been flocking sions, explains itself, and will be of in-
glands in the southwest- terest to many of the people of this state.
(. These citizens go It will be seen that under date of July I
ads in compliance with 18,1886, Gov. Martin addressed a letter
He ' United •'States. And
uk you wilt acknowledge, to Hon. S. J. Crawford, the state agent
not only to' absolute pro- at Washington, calling attention to
pdlan raids and outrages these claims, and asking him to ascer-
.ection as will give them tain what steps had been taken to becur*
J'prevent any panio or
them.' This assurance and their adjustment and payment. Tbe|
'hot be established un- governor's lotter was referred to the
sts are maintained along commissioner of Indian affilrs, who,
.„-n border of Kansas,
a similar representations to under date of August 20, 1885, replies.
Qthorities, and I do not The letter of the commissioner and that |
derstood as expressing any of ex Governor Crawford furnish Infor-
'hcVih their disposition or mation to claimants as to the steps]
pish the safe guards I re-
d e e m duty as the necessary to secure the adjustment and
,ye of Kanaas to present the payment of their claims. The corres-
as" the chief executive of the pondence is, therefore, of public Interest I
lO'.qix may- cleargr under- and is furnished for publication. The
^ubn; and "may, if neces-
our authority.. The general letters are as follows:
Ocate'd the' Indians • in the . . BTATB or KANPAS,
is its duty to we that they BUCUTIVK DKI'ARTMKNT,
^In; the borders of that terri. TOFKKAJUIV 18,1885. * )
nitI the , peiiceful citizens of Bon. 8 J. Craiiford. Tbptka. A'unw»:
*is are protected, not only DBAR ir'in: Under chapter 112, sessionl
"''.'but against alarm and laws of 1870. a commission was appoint-
ed to iirestltfate certain losses subtained
_J that, In my judgment, by citizens of Kansas, by reason of an |
abuld be disarmed. There invasion of the Cheyennes in 1878. Th is
reason why these savage commission made its report under the |
light in rapine and mur- law, and the claims allowed and audited
tgjprmed as if they consti- by It were transmitted to the proper au-
I'-force in time of actual thorities in Washington.
i do not need arms for Recently I have received several let-
!fo* ters making inquiries concerning these I
claims, but have been unable to inform
the persons making such inquiries what
rogress had been made towards an ad-
ment and p g j i aim .
the general government. Will you claims were transmitted to congress
please inform m e what steps have been I IJanuary 21, 1876, without any action
taken, in this matter, towards securing taken by this office. . ,^ ? fc/"j
an allowance of these claims, and what Under senate joint resolution No. 1 o
prospect there is of their ultimate pay- J the laws of 1879, (State of Kansas), a
ment. Yours Very Respectfully, commission was appointed by the,gov?,
SJfflU JOHN A . MARTIN. ernor to examine and audit claims for
To this letter Gov. Crawford replied as | losses sustained by citizens of Kansas by
follows: reason ol the invasions of Indiana dar-
WASHINGTON*, ;!>. 0 . , August 21, 1886. ing the year 1878, said commission re-
Bon, John A. Martin, Tcptka^Kanicu: •••<| ported upon 116 claims recommending
DBAB SIB: Your letter of the 1 ul - in allowance of 101,766 and 80-100 dol-
timo was received in due time, and re-, lars, jihd disallowed twenty-six Jtfaims
ferred tojhe commissioner of Indian af- /'for want of evidence or Decause -not
fairs, whose reply I herewith enclose. .provided for by the act creating the com-
As will be observed from the commis- mission," aggregating the sum of 15,488
sioner's letter, congress, at its last ses- dollars. A number of those allowed
sion, passed an act providing for an in* have been examined and reported to
vestigatlon of Indian depredation claims, j congress recommending allqwanoea
and directing the secretary of the inter- which have been made and paid to
ior to cause a list of the same, "which claimants.. 7f$iU\i
J may be approved," etc., to be mado and In the act making appropriations lor
the current and contingent expenses of
(>resented to congress. This will doubt*
f ess be followed at the proper time by
an appropriation for the payment of such j
the Indian department, eta, for the year
ending June 30th, 1886, $10,000 was ap-
> as may be approved by the secretary and j propriated "for the investigation qf.un-
oo" commissioner. . ' ' .< certain Indian depredation claims; and
Many of the claims on file were doubt- in expending said sum the secretary of
lees established to the satisfaction of the the interior shall cause a com pie ti 31*1
state board, but whether the evidence j of all claims heretofore filed in $e7ta-
submitted there will be sufficient to sat- terior department, and which have been
isfy United States authorities is a matter approved in whole or in part and, n°w
vi of some doubt. The probabilities are remain unpaid, and also all such,,claims
that unless further proof is submitted, J as are pending and not yet examined.
I l^meoflbe claims, reduced in
amount, and others, disallowed entirely. |
on behalf of the citizens of the United
States, on account of depredations com-
mitted, chargeable against any trib* of
i It Is therefore important that all claim-
ants should put themselves in communi- Indians by reason of any treaty between
cation with the commissioner or some auoh tribe and.the United States, includ-
I attorney here, who will attend to the
matter for them. Truly yours,
ing the name and address of the claim-
ants, the date ot the alleged depreda-
tions, by what tribe committed, the date
of examination and approval, with a,
The reply of the commissioner ol In- reference to the date and clause of
dian Affairs above referred to is ai fol-1 the treaty creating the obligation fox,
lows: payment, to be made and presented to
DEPARTMENT or TUB INTERIOR, congress at its next regular session;; and
' OFFICE or INDIAN AFFAIRS "•I the secretary is authorized and empow*
oo WASHINGTON, August 20th, 1885
Bon, S.S. Crawford, Washington, D. C '
"7 •red, before making such report, to cause
uch additional investigation to be made'
SIR,* I am In receipt of your reference and such farther testimony to be taken
of a letter dated the 18th ultimo, from as be may deem necessary to enable him
Governor Martin, of Kansas, making in- to determine the kind and value of all
quiries regarding claims of citizens of property darr aged or destroyed by reason
said state, on .account of depredations of the depredations aforesaid, and by
alleged to have .been committed by hos- what tribe such depredations were oon*
tile Indians, and in reply thereto,! hare mitted; and his report ahall include hit
to inform you that 450 claims on account determination upon each claim, together
of depredations by Kiowa, Comanche, with the names and residences of wit-
Cheyenne, and other Indian?, committed nesses, and the testimony of each, and
upon .citizens of Kansas between the also what funds are now existing or to
ears 1860 and 1871, which were exam-
Eled and reported upon by a commission
authorized By an act of the legislature of
be derived by reason of treaty or other
obligation out of which the same should
be paid." ; *,
Kansas; approved February 27th, 1872, All claims heretofore reported to'con-
were transmitted to the honorable sec- gress and not acted upon by that body
retary of the interior under date of nave b*>en returned to this office for re-
March 4?h, 1874, by Hon. D. W. Wilder, examination in accordance with said law.
state auditor of Kansas, said claims ag- A cursory examination of a number of
gregating the sum of 428,021 and 20 100 the 450 claims referred to baa been made,
dollars. At the request of Hon. J. M. and it is found that the declarations in a
Bright, cLHr*. of the committee of majority of the claims are, not prepared
next touclietl trpon -road making,
i witn the rules ana regu._^ and favored a law putting this matter un-
gji'of the department, approved Jdljr der competent supervision, wttb moans
18,1872, (copy herewith) nor is the evi- enough to execute. The coat of frequent
dence in support thereof in accordance' trips whon ouo would answer; tho wear
therewith, i f caimants will place them- and tear, ote., woro touched upon and
selves in communication with this office fully appreciated by ovary man who ev-
er hauled a load up u hill or through a
instructions will be furnished to enable mud hole.
them to' prepare their claims in accord- Aftor thus particularizing under tho
ance with said rules, in order that they headings of tlio pecuniary valuo of homo
may be acted upon without unnecessary adornments, the exposure of farm imple-
delay..,,.''^if. "'•'*/, * •" ' • •' •'* ments, the iniportaiice of barns and the
The. governor's letter is herewith re- Improvement of roads, bo gbmeod over
turn e d ^ * * - * ^ , ; ; ';$£ the .Stale and spoke of its past, present
and future. Hut one-fourth of tho State
Very respectfully, - -»% Is In cultivation. The governor ue.xt
a>:^^^-v,|AvB.UPSHj4W,A gave us sonic statistic* of IMS.'*, as follows:
Assessed valuo, $248,8iW,:J<W— increaso on
•P- •'. .Acting Commissioner. IKH4, Sll.NOH.fiO.".; the valuo of real estate
increase represents nearly six millions
of this sum. Tho railroad proporty Is
valued at fclfl,iVi7,820, an increaso of
OI.OH.IIlst, and wn have 4,180 miles of
completed railway. All tills was tho
growth of the past thirty years.
\ V ; H . MuiKiAX. I&litoruud Proprietor.
After showing tho udvauce westward of "a
the rain lino from the liluo river, thirty
years ago, to tho foot bills now, be stated
THURSDAY, SEL»T. 3, 1885, Unit the rain holt kept pure with the
plow and tho settlements and closed by 00
npoMtroidilKltig thai Htuto uud Its vast 00
capnbllitlo'*. .,•'•*
OOTOINOB'S ADDIIIS8. The address, thus faintly outlined, was 00
w$aVtht Hair; Kr<iun<1w yestnr- marked throughout ,by ,y#vornor Mar- 00
tin's plain common souse nud good tiisto.
day^oo luorinK tho tlimiuiutt Ing weather,
ifclV upto t1<o expectation of the
wnsot icnt, and our people listened to
It was a practical address/ to practical
people, by a praetfoal thiiiv'aml ovbryono
msna r Marti n't* address with Intorwd
r^^jure. It was not an ollbrt to
was ploaso I, lulorcstod and Instructed. *r
draw out enthusiasm, but waa Intended
ruthor to Instruct thau amuse, and we
feci BHfo In the assertion tnut the Govero- a.
or gave lis thought* that will In time H
Kormlnatei and bring forth good fruit lit
the near future. At Knout tho hour men*
tionod In the program, tho large audience s
was called to order by I'rof.T. M. l'ottvr. •TODAY MOaNINU SEPTXMBEU tl, 1M8
President of the association, wbo briefly
Introduced tho speaker. . JLTCUISON is happy over the location
'" Boverttrtr Martin o|touod his remarks
In hi* usual modest way, by. Stating that I -<sf the orphan asylum at that city, It is
be hud never boeii a former, not oven In! •••ported that the governor told a mem*
theory, hut like many another tnhtihltar.' 1
of cities, bad a dream or doalro lor tin bar of the board, whom he asked to vote
quiet and repose of a country homo. o
>fjtr Atchison, on being told that It might 00
Still ho could make KOIUO suggestion fluurt his future political prospects,said,
from observation. And ho At snimi £
length dwelt upon tho pecuniary value o ""£ would rather'get the asylum than to
homo adornment)*, by their Indirect: feegovernor a second term." The Cham' p
stimulus upon tho occupants. Ho plead
with tho farmer to make lilt* Kansas home jsSm tries to give Khron the crexllt for
pleasant, by planting troes, Mowers, etc., tbm location, but it does the governor an
nud pictured the Hqualor of HOIIIO IIOIUOM
WIIOMM owners wore uinplv able to liavn •ajastice in so doing It was bis little
better surrounding*. All could have hafichet that did It, and he should have G
trees for HIIK'IO, and gra*a. tlowerH and
nnro air, Hnlrt the sneaker "<)f what «tt the credit for it.
benefit IH money ls>lt dooa not purchase
some of tho comforts of lifer Of what
value are expanding aertjs and luxuriant
crops if they (hi not bring In their train
tho dollghti* of a plnisaut Mid choerful
homo?" 'V r • i.'. •
He thou M|M)lco of the necessity of a
good hurn —a I'entiHylvnuia barn—a dou-
ble-decker, where tho fttoott of a quarter
Hcctlou could live Itetow, and Iho produce
of tin* farm he stored above; together
with UK implement*—alluding IneTdent-
all.v to the frightful waste of exposed
iniichinery and Implement
[TiraTRcgmion. . ~. ~, - . - , •
Socond Regiment Hand. .
Second Regiment Dram Corp*. ••
^HE TATTOO. Second Regiment—Companies C, A, E, G, D,
F. B, U.
(Jen. Carmll nnd Staff.

JheLast Day of the. Great Beunion of

I Mothor Dlckcrdyko aud President and Secretary
Woman's Relief Corps.
Kansas Veterans, Mexican Vcternua.
Department Commander M. Stewart and Staff.
UiRiiatch Band, Clay Outer.
Ex-Prisoners of VV*nr.
•A TfiBMENDOtIS OHOWD TUSNED OUT > I. O. 0. F. Band, Pcabndy.
o Pollock Post, G. A. R., No. 48.
Ponbody Pout. (1. A. R. No. .SO.
Past Commander Wnlklnsbaw and Staff.
[Topeka and the Surronndlng Country Wamogo Cornot Band.
v-i Waraego Post, G. A. R, No. BS.
Emptied into the Pair Grounds. Monitor Post, O. A. R . No. aaS.


iol.'i Poat, 0. A. It, No. ;W.
Hiawatha Post, 0. A. It.
Oskaloosa Cornet Band.
Commander W. II. Pond and Staff.
Fort Scott Drum Corps.
Caslln, G. A. R, No. 117.
Franklin Relief Corp*.
A Moniter and Magniflosnt Parade and a Frnnltlln Pout, G. A. It., No. 18.
lie 'ook Pout, 0. A. R, No 61.
• v Very Suooesifal Sham Battlo. n Pleasanton Cornet Band. '
Gail. R B. Burnett and Staff. #
Mound City Drum Corn*.
Ollpatrlck Post, G. A. R. No. ISO.
Buru*liln Post Drum Corp*. '
Bnrnaldo Post, U. A. R, Wyandotte,
oo" Moiilton Post, G. A. R, No. 10.
o Washington Drum Corps.
The Kansas National Gaards Remain in Washington I'oat, O. A. R, No. IS.
Buck-kin Hand, Arkansas City.
Oamp Two Dajs Yet—Acoidont, Eto. ' Wlnrtald Juvoulla Band.
Dnilghtors ct Veteran*.
Sherman's Bummer*. *
Cranr do Leon Band, Parson*.
OH THE DIG DAY IN CArvIP ORANT. Mound City Post, G. A. It.. No. 158.
VI TorxKA, Oct. 1.—[spoulal.] Kolrcat Un» boon Yates Center Baud.
lounded, tbe last cempflre held, and Cnmp Grant I Woodson Post, G. A. R, No. 83.
presonUadeiortedappsarnnco. Bnfnras Ml thai 1 Burlington Drum Corps.
Allison Post, O. A. R, No. 14,
s to ttako up a camp of vatorans li concerned, Son* of Votoran*. \

E Ijrossnt encampment b u boon a groat success,
larger gathering baa over boon icon In Kansas
oo any occasion, and nothing haa boon recorded to 1
mat Ike ploaaaroa of tbo occasion. Ronnlona of I
*ommnnder Pourth Brlgndo and Staff, •>
Knlubt* of I'y thin* Hand, Emporia,
Etkrldgo Po«t, 0. A. R, No. 75.
Chalk Mound Post, U. A. R . No. 848,
Lyndon Post, G. A. R, No. 19. .
1 Grand Arm lot, states and rogltnont* bavn boon bold
pad. in many instance* companlo* found enouga
Rico Post. U. A. R. No. 71.
Osage City Baud.
Second Kansas Vol cram. V
pembere to bold reunions. A notable reunion of McPhcrsou Drum Corp*, Kun*as City,
[his lattor kind was that ot Company H, Forty-sixth Scott Rides, KAIICH* (,'ity.
.a iidlaoa Infantry, thirteen member* finding oach I Wagner Post. <). A. It. No. 08, Independence, Mo.
oo othor. So far as known Ibis woi tlio largest num- Uoldcn Post, G. A. It.. No. 6.1. lloldon. Mo,
oo ber (fathered together from any ona company, out Col. Urovur Post. Wnrreuabiirg. Mo.
pldo of Kansas troops. Cbllbovvi-ic |>imt, Cluiliowrle, Mo •'
I'lfili KHIISUS Vuloraii*.
V) Tbo morning oponad wst. rainy and glnomyJ Sixth Kama* Vstorsns.
00 Boveuth Kansas Vet era to.
00 Four* wuro antortnlncd that this mat day would ba J
gjfallure, bat abant 0 o'clook the *rin »hono throng! Atchison Cornel ll.tud.
Klgbih Kausa* Veteran*,
(and dlapollad tha clouds, giving us a. day that waJ
I ell that could ba askod. I
Twenty-dfib Illinois Veterans,
Ninth Kalian* Veterans,
Atclilhon Drum l.'orps.
Tenth Kiumas \"eiernns.
Tito Grand Purndo. First Knu*an Battery, Voterana.
LougbcforolQo'clock the special trains, *troe Eleventh Kansac Veteran*.
cars, wagona and carriages began pouring a atrcun Ttvvlftli Kansas Votoran*.

r Of peopla Into tbo camp until tbsro teemed lo b

scarcely room for another portnn on thu immen*

r ounds. That portion known a* "thu lint" wa

ack with visitors, wbllo the various divisions n
.Sixteenth Kausa* Veterans.
Lyons Post, G. A. J U Atchison,
Junction City Drum Corps.
fnnctlmi citv Post, G. A. It.. No. 133,
Lew Urovo Post, 0 . A. It. No. lltt.
Abilene Drum Corp*.

votoran* wore nllvo uud resembled, from adlttanco Abllciio Po«t, G. A. It. No, OS.
groat colonics of boos. At. 11 o'clock iho division* Clay Center Veterans.
formed and started, taking up the Una of inarch for Tlendersoti Post, G. A. It, No. M.
the city. Wbon fully formed and on tbo march the1 Mlltonvald Post, 0. A. It. No. luO.
column was ttireo-quartura of an hour pacing - Belolt Post, li. A. It, No. 117.
Don. A. I„ sMillnrd and StaX
given point. Tbo column was formed a* follows: Blngnld Band, UutcUliisnn.
Ruth's Zouaves Joe Honker Po»t, (J. A It, No. 17.
Bulleno Guard* Drum Corps. Newton Drum Corp*.
Oon. Puller and Htntf. Mi-nde Post, G. A. I t , No. 14.
Third Hcgimrnt II uul. Oallo Pluine Pont, U. A. It., No. 3S7.
Third Roglmont—Com nine* 0, V. If, B, II, A, O, T). Jaiuen Shield PoM, (i. A R No. 67.
Ellenwood Cornet U.iud.
fourth Rfgloirnt H.-l ml. Newton Post, (i. A. It No. —.
Pourth Ri<glim<nt Drum t.'nrp*. tTnlley Center Post, G. A. R, No. 35.
Fourth Regiment—coinonnles U, D, I', C, A, F, Bilver Uku Post, G. A. R No. —.
(». K M. Topuka Cornot Bund.
Oan. Roberts and Staff. "ort Pillow Post, G. A. R^ No. 4.
Flrat llcgltiient Baud, desso Nelson Post, G. A. R , No. UU '
Flr*t Regiment Drum C-irps. Seventh Kansas Veteran Cavalry (on foot.)
Old Soldiers and Citizens In Carnages.
eroi vr. a . iv. pom, roj>rWoiTto"orin
Grant, tailed to fall In aa organisation*, tho mom- Teaser, Daniel Faltz, .THenTFJI
bora proaent attaching themselvo* to other poet*.
The display waa a grand one, much bettor than wa* Gherett, Abe H. Martin, .Nina. C. Mo-'
anticipated an hour boforo the march commenced. Clellan, Jacob M.-Price, Charles W«;
Alrtnd timeof'startlngit soemcd that all the citi-
zen* of tbe city were on tho ramp ground*, but Rust, Henry Shriner, J. S. Tucker, Geo-
-when tho column arrived In the city Kanaaa avenue E. Wright, A. M. Williamaon, Wra. K.
on'both a Idea waa lined with people, from Third
street to Tenth atroeC The four rnilo* traveled Grenewait,; Henry Kuhn. ^ •'
was accomplished lb a little over mi hour. Not Co. D. Lieutenant Tbos. Adamson,
more than two-third* of the veteran* took
place* In tbe line, a* many of thorn wore too
John T. Bjarnes, Ohelon Carter, C. B..
old, or elae wore orlpplod. Thoy could not Haslett, EarjBAHortqn, G. W. Johnson,
endure tbe fatigue they so bravoly boro during the William Lawa, S. M. Lanham, Peter
early day*. Toueka will never again witness such
a grand eight aa waa laen to-day. It would be welt Shavey, J. F$$ne, Benjamin F. Hicks,
to mention In this connection that Col. John A. R. Griffin, M. Y. Anderson, John B.
Martin walkod at the bead of tho Bightb Kansas,
and Col. William* walked with tbo boy* of the Bitler, W. C. Wjatt. " i|
Tenth Kanaaa. TUoro being no olllcer of tho Ninth Co. E. Lieutenant E. D. Rose, L. V.;
Kanaaa cavalry, tbe boy* (elected Al Oreono a*
tbelr'oommandcr, and tho old JOUIINAL, correspond- Bryant, Leonard A. Hail, Theo. Inger-
ent, Joe Fluffor, bravely bonded tbo b!>y* with soll, Zepheniah Johnson, J. Polk Ken-
whom he ha* had many, many good Minis, and ob,
now many bard dayi. Col. Jonklns staid with tho dall, W. M. McCI$ary, J. H. Poppinger,'
Boventh Kanaaa, while Col. Voale headod tho Sixth J. P. Richards, Edward Russell, Robert
Kia*ae. It waa. Indeod, a grand sight, one recall-
ing dear memorise to ovory soldlor, to tbo* soo of-
Roobford, A. Rambo, Wm. Richardson,
tcer* and men fratarnlilng. S. J. Spear, P, M. Stamp, Napoleon
Batgjralng to Camp Grant at noon, tbe dl Heron t 8harrois, H. Spnrgeon, I. Strite, An-
dlvlafons paraded tho camp, marching and counter-
taarchlng, and Anally broke up, unit wuro resolved drew J. Smith, Francis M. Weaver,
Into group* saying farewell, as ludced It will bo to Albert L. Watkins, 0.0. Leonard, Wm.
W ma»y of thorn.
- ..-.•«»' *,. II. McClary, E, Brullette, T. O. Hill,
Ion Kichth Kftu«a« Veterans) James Barnes.
Voluutcor lufuutir. Company F, Lieutenant W. S. New-
o Society of tbe Eighth Kansas bury; C. H. Carpenter, John Cozad, Jas.
Yeteraiis,Volunteer Infantry assembled H. Day, R. A. Frederiok, Chris. Rudell,.
aVtiiel? ^eaclquartew on the grounds at L. B. Welsh, Isaac Welsh, John Iieighny, J
B. D. MoDowell, Joseph Kirk. -'
fTopeka at 10:30 a.ra.,on Thursday, Oc-
tober 1, 1$85, about 100 in number, and
after a general hand-shako all around
orders were given by Col. John A. Mar-
Company "G, Capt. Robt Flickenger,'-
Lieut. David. Baker, Lieut. Joseph Ran-
dolph, Nilei Anderson, John J. Green-
tin to assemble in Floral Hall and or- halph, Chris. Herman, James Pickard,
ganize for general business. Joseph Wadbaus, Jacob Miller, John E.
I After coming to order the roll of all
members on tho roster was called and
Pickard, Vl>6. Madouet.
Co. tt—Captain, Sam'lStanley; Lieu-
the following mombers, present and by tenant Frank Curtis*; Lieutenant A.
[{letter, responded to their names: Colo- OowertjTrVjO. Breckenridge, fl. D. Elli-
S nel John A. Martin, Lieutenant Colonel son, W. D. Healy, John M. Holt, Alfred
> John Conover, Lieutenant Colonel J. L. Hawkins, W. W. Mye, Geo. M. Smith,
Abernathy, Chaplain John Paulson, Ad- H. B. Strong, John Waugh, A.D. Craig,
jutant Sol. K. Washer, George W.j Felix Toupain, J. H. Hurst, J. M. Hurst,
Hogeloom, Assistant Surgeon. J. H. Rodgers, J. D. Lucus, H. H.
Company A—Lieut. Eli Balderston, J. Pierce.
A. Dell, Christian Goodwin, C. W. Her- Co. 1.—Lieutenant, Chas. Slawson;
ington, J. Jagger, J. Lucius Powell, Lieutenant, Byron Slemmons; L. Fuller.
Matuew McMichael, J, F. Young. Edmond Joslyn, Lafe Mulnix, James
Co. B. Lieutenant Charles Arthur, Sutton, C. A. Newton, John L. Noah,
C. F. Branor, Henry Hagner, Hubert Josiah Sheppard, J. Y. Robinson.
Knipe, Benedict Kolmus, Charles Long- Co. K.—I. N. Roso, John Taylor, Jacob
wood, Edward Rupert, Felix Tbubautb, Kyer.
Peter Wettstein, Eugono Welke, Chris- Co. not given.—Thomas B. Ball, S. N.
tian Marx, Leo W. Rich. Robertson.
• Co. C. Captain Goorue W. Robb, W. After (toll call tho society proceeded
C. Black, Barney Blanker, Wm. S. Cain, to tbe election of officers for the ensuing
convention,, at ^ewrenoe, oi«*.prn ur ii
During the rammer of 188i he assisted In
E r ^ e f o f John. A. mf, BVM EapBSrt I ganlzing the Eighth Kanaar Infantry, of]
which he wu appointed Lieutenant Colonel.
Knipe^Co. ftf&ovfE Sobb,;rCo>WG, Early In 1«62 be wa* appointed Proroat Mfcrehal
W. Johnson; Co. X).,TS. t). Base* tJo. E.i of Leavenworth, and In Marob of the aame <
year hi* regiment waa ordered to Corinth, Ml**.,
L. B. Welsh, Co. P., John J;*-$reen- and thoreatter during; the whole war it (erred 1
In the Army ofthe Cumberland. Lieut, Col. .1
h*lgh,,Co. G., John H. Holt, Co. H., Martin wa* liromoted to be Colonel on the l»t of
November, IMi, and waa ProTott Marshal of
Chas; Slawson, Co. I , and*°£ N.V Bose, Nashvitlo, Tnnn., from December, 1863, to
Co. Kyifyioe-Presidents; David Baker, June, 18(33. ibe regiment under hi* command
took part in the battle* of Perryvllle, Ky., and I
Treasurer; Ohas. W. Bust, Secretary;] Lancaster, Ky,; tbe campaign against Tullauo-
O ma and Chattanooga; the battle of Chlokamau-
and stomas Adamson, Color-bearer. A ga; the liege of Chattanooga; the •tormtag of |
Mission Ridge; the campaign In Eastern Ten-
oolleotibn was taken up for defraying neaeee In the winter of 1883-4; tbe campaign
from Chattanooga to Atlanta; and the subse-
the expenses of the society which was quent pursuit ofHood north w ard. CoL Mart In
responded to' liberally, and all debts commanded the Third Brigade during the
m •lege of Chattanooga, and commanded the Pint
p were}'paid and a balance left in the Brigade, Third Division. Fourth Army-Corp*,
from August, 1884, until his muster out at Pu-
hand| of the treasurer. It was resolved laskl, Tenn., NOT, 17, 1864. Returning borne,
he rosuraod control of tbe Atchison Champion
that Jhe society hold another reunion in I early In January, 188S. He ha* been Com-
mander in-oblef of tbe State Enoampment,
l ^ ^ t h e time and^lace to be hereafter Grand Army of the Bepubllo; a delegate from
U Kansas to the National Republican Convention
d ;ann»unced. '$& of 1800,1808,1873, and 1880; a member of the
With ffireecheers for Gov. John A. United States Centennial Commission and one
of the Vice Presidents of that body; wa* elect-
ed by tbe two houses of Congress one of the
Martin, tt?e society adjourned to meet at Board of Managor* or the National Soldiers'
o headquarters at. 10:80 'io-morrow and I Home* In 1878, and ro-eleoted in 1883, being
Second Vice President of that body until 1884,
Joiiro the grand parade, every member I and waa eleoted Mayor of AtohUon in 1868.
He wa* elected Governor of Kansas In 1884, de-
feeling proud that he is onije more al-f feating ox-Gov. Click, the Democratic candi-
lowed" to fall in and march with, his old| date, by 40,000 majority,
comrades ron f,he free soil of Kansas. m t. g
After the parade and sham battle] •'*
bettle many of the boys met at head-
J quarters, and with,tear dimmed eyed •*—*•
quivering lip and trembling bands, bid I J. IL HUDSON. Mtor jpd Proprlrtor"
farewell to each other, promising, if
•life and health permits, to meet next! WEDNESDAY HOHMHts. OOTOBEB M, 1888.
year, .and never forget or cease to "re-
''" "Ii J ' ,
vere and love each other.
r OHAS. W.Ttwrt^Becretary. SflE&RAND LODGE i

The Session': Opens In Bepi

Wu iWtHtrtJU <5ttWt*. '{ -»'*> Y V
Hali: {

THURSDAY, October 1,1885. a*v»< W.OEK

I 82nd Tear. Whole No. 1625, . • \
Governor Martin. Visits >he v
' m m

Oonmor Martin of K a u u .
i Bo
[• followtu
of the Second National,
for publication, wblob
ay B
WMol raska paper:—
d from a Nebraska
artln waa born Marob 10, 1839, at SOL
;•, Fayette Court?, Pa. while a of the Indepen'deni^nter of T
s he learned the trade of print I ug in the
office of TUB Baowxevn.L» Currea. in the commenced ye'sterdfty morning
^ •prlng of 1WI be wont to Pittsburgh and work-
ed atljU trade ror a short time, In October of Gran^a^?*^;^,
the aaino rear he emigrated to Kane**. He lo- chair, and ^||o^ptly / al
cated In Atobteon, and for a abort time eet type
for the column* of the SqwUtr Sotirtion. He mentioned itteJ|j|ound ' ^
purchased the Sqtutittrr B<mr*ign in February,
1608, changed its name to JV»ioW« Champion, gavel thundered 'through rep
andfcnthe 20th of the same month oommenoed hall and it watannounoea,thats
bli l*og editorial eaxeer la Kansas by the lave
or tub Oret number of the paper with whloh he -''.!. ''AIH'JLUNUONT^
baeeiooe been to honorably Identified. Since
that time he liu been elected to eoveral office*, lfce$^#j&ifteW
ulllnathem to. the utmost aatUfaotlon of bl* voted tipv hoarj n g the
constituents. He w u Secretary of the Wyan- During the a^poonftat^rp^dTPi
dotte > ConitHutlonal Convention, and waa
elected state Senator before be waa tweuty- John A. Martin,
one. He nerved a* delegate to the Territorial
,*«reninE at the Entertainment Tender
'od'theVUItlDjEoleotKnlgh'i. / <
a •" He was 'welcomed •' ant
Oor. Martiu't 'Welcome to t h e S U t t ,
^ctic^SgfengrJaidi Gentlemen: When requested by the
local committee, some weeks ago, to
welcome to Kansas the Select Knights
of the A. 0. U. W., I very willingly as-
sented. For, although not a member of
your organization, I knew enough of its
[)urpo30), and of the principles'on which
lis founded, to assure menot only that it
was wot thy of the respect of all good
citizens, bat that it worthily represented
in its membership, the best citizenship
of the United States and Canada.
The ceremonial addresses of this oc-
casion are, however, only the outward
manifestation of the cordial welcome
with which the people of Kansas will
greet you. The real welcome will be
extended in the outstretched hands, in
the open doors, in the generous hearts of
your friends and brothers throughout J-
this commonwealth.
S iman nature demands society and
dship. The impulses which lead
men to band themselves together in as-
sociations, are far deeper than any ten- oo
dencies to individualism and isolation. oo
l a n s a f . ^ f ' ^ t f Fou Out ot this craving for fellowship has
it, hjVrraojiious )^ao' profty,
.d tk tate return to your SOT-
grown your order, and all other societies s
of similar structure. It is not a very a.
f | | a h ^ a m l y and linoerelyi
"ancient" organization, unless, as 1 have
beard it said, this country of ours has f
ous reception jou have (riven lived a fall century during the past ffi
"jOOjapUmeitary term 11 in twenty-flve years. But it nas grown !
y^randfllaster, baAMn- and prospered until Its lodges are scat- H
And T sincerely trust tered from the Atlantic to the Psoiflc,
....•charge of my official
luties, find in "my walk and conduct a< I
and its membership In over 150,000. Tfiis
is the best possible ovidence that the I
iitizen, I shall do,nothing to make you Order of United Workmen deserves to
' hamed of the fact that I am a member live. The American people, food as s
jthia honorable fraternity, but that, on they are of organized fellowship and so-
f contrary, I mav always deserve at loast ciety, are intelligent, discriminating and
practical, and no organization having J?
unworthy aims or ideas, can long sur- =tfc
Is will not further trespass on your time vive among them.
o'r.'bterrupt the business you are assembled o
I congratulate you, heartily, upon the 00
lo^xansadt. 1 thank you aguln.and salute
ml^Sse^i^M ^ ^ u
prosperous condition of your order. I
congratulate you on the harmony and
and enthusiasm prevailing in your ranks
and on the manifest interest and pride p
that is felt, by all of your members, In
Cfct ffmnnumtocdft*! the preservation and growth of your or-
ganisation. And I welcome you, sin-
cerely and cordially, to Kansas.
A quarter of a century ago, William
AT THE COMMONWEALTH 00. H. Seward said that in tno future "men
will go up to Kansas ai they go up to
Jerusalem." Whether you came hero
in this spirit or not, you will feel some-
THE ADDRESSES thing of its inspiration before you go
away from our borders. I warn you,
here and now, that there is Irresistible
OB* GOTOBNOU JOHN A. MABTIN AMD fascination in the atmospherejof Kansas.
/ B O N . OBO. W. IlKED. The history, the growth, the prosperity
of this stote are all exceptionable. Not
yet twenty-flve years of age, Kansas has
J e l l v e r « d » t t h e Grand O p t r a Hon lit Last outstripped,,in population, wealth and
all tho elements of an advanced civiliza-
tion, more than half the states of the
lose m i r a c l e s , all
first prists at the international exposi- Ffljj w h a t the m o s t s a n g u i n e anil en-
tions at Philadelphia and New Orleans. t h u s i a s t i e Iv.insans never d r e a m e d , lit'- \}_
It leads the proc;ssion in the reports of teen years itjfii, c o u l d lie done.
the national agricultural department. It A f t e r t h e h a l t l e o f Mission l{i<l«.r«\ ( ! e n . IS
has built nearly 5,000 miles of railway to (lOi'cli'ii ( i r a n k e r r o d e silonsr, I lie lines o f j
carry to market the largest crops Ill's vielnri,>ii.-.*|r, .ops— I lie M.l.liers ;
ever grown on Amaricaa soil. e n t h u s i a s m a m i e m i r a t e lutil c a r r i e d
It has assailed ignorance with i h c m , w i t h o u t o r d e r s , up I h i ! l»la;'.injH
seven thonsand school he uses. Of ]it<i<;hl.s a n d said, s i i h s l a n l i a l l y ; " I IIMHI !{j
its 270,000 voters, at least HO.OOo were y o n are, 1ml how d i d y o u net here? Y o u j |
soldiers during the civil war. The map w e r e o r d e r e d t o t a k e I ho w o r k s al tin
of the continent was disfigured by a de- l o o t <if I ho I'liljfe, a m i y o u have I t i k e i i j l
sert—\hese people touched it with the those o n i i s s u m i i i i l . Y m i oii<rhl In have jj
<3\ magic wand of industry and enterprise, k n o w n y u i i i-iiiildu'l l a k e i l i i » p o s i t i o n !
Y o u a r e here in delianee o f m i l i t a r v
1 and lol a garden blospoms in its stead.
To populate a county thirty miles square r u l e s , uf l a d i e s , a n d of order.-, and
within six months, and round out the h:H have a i i i . l j i u i h i have y m i a l l e o u r l - j S
half yeai with a fight over the county
seat between six toiras, or to build a fair I l l v e r y innell t h e s:une s p i r i t , I c o n h l
sized city within a twelvemonth—these n a y t o . y « " i people uf K d w a r d s e o u n l y :
achievements may seem like a fiction, " l i e r e ymi a r e , in delianee uf a l l ore
but they have been realities in Kansas. | ilieliniis ami helicf! 'The p r o p h e t s a l l
Willi t t u i l t h e w e s t e r n I h i r d uf |]ti< state
Beware, I say to you again, lest you catch W o u l d n e v e r |ir<iduee crops. I'nlili<
the contageous enthusiasm of Kansas, NiMilinienl a j j r e e d that. I his w a s a «rraz
=3 and, telegraphing for your wives and i n y e o i m l r y , u n l i l IV.r g e n e r a l f a r m i n g .
and children to come by the next train, Vet. here voll are. h o l d i n g Ull a y r i e i l l l in'
00 return to your old homes no more. I
o 'al f a i r , a n d c v h i h l t l u u im|*« a n d w h e a l ,
don't want to break up the A. O. U. W. oats a n d r\ i«, [IIUCIOOH and p u m p k i n s .
in other states, by transferring you at a i l l l e v c r \ I hine; else t h a i l l l l l i e r - i eUe
once to Kancas, and so I give you this where produce. ViMI hllve c o i i i c m n n l
friendly warning. I h e p r o p h e U ! Y n u have !.lolled nlll Hie
But whether yon come as visitors, to ileseri. Y o u have eslnh|i>lied ;;a r.l.-ii*
enjoy, for a brief timo, our hoapitality.or i l l I he w i l d e r n e s s , Y o u s h n l i h l a l l lie
as immigrants to become permanent citi- eoiirt-martialed!^'
Z3ns, I bid you welcome, thrice welcome
s to Kansa*. I know you will like Kansas,
\ o u r l r i u n i p l i / i i \ er I lie adver ,e f, .i ee>
«>l n a l i i r e is a s m a r v e l o u s m i l l a-, n u n
§ and I am equally certain that Kansas ] d e l e as was vvnn Ml M i.--iiill l!iil::e. a »»»l,
H will like you. We are all glad that you ns a K M I I S M I I . I a m u n u i d of i i . There
•p came here to hold your uiennial con- is soim t h i n ; ; s p l e n d i d in ilie m a r c h n|
clave, and, speaking not only for your c i v i l i z a t i o n i i i i n and I»VI r an utijpi op.'eij
imcuil hosts, the United Workmen of l a n d - u i i i e l l i i n ^ : ; r a m | c i ' , , \ e n . lli.-ni
Topeka, but for tho largo hearted people flu* march " I a U e i o r i o i i * tinny. || >,
of Kansas, I can say: J i c l l c r In h l i i l d u p I h u l l il is In i|e«.lr">
"Hit*, jou are vtry wdcomo to our IIOUMJ; J&fllr i i v l t e r ! ' , ' i v d ' . e m a tl«/*tr( l l . a u k i n:aj.e
II Diu-l appearlu other wnyi Hum wnrilii,
oo Ttior. foro I team ihis brciutilug courleny."
l.'-i. M - I I I •••il-w


. ( l , ; ; r a u . l s i . , . v . as h u e ; . ' ; " ' : ,.,
l-HlllUl e m l . i r e ; Ihe m i l l e.l " I • • '; M

1)|.||VIM«-.I lit U>« K.Uviir.H f a u i i t v
(ti-KilHT «!{lnl. IHHR.
•*»••-- „«."'U»-;!-«-!";'•"•- , .,;'
.ail,.i- the r •-" I odes, cui.'i i'
r S f f i - r f t * - „ . f.uvimr f.
. J


[,mli<s<nfl<!.„ll<m<>i: I a m no ;,'(>•
J n i / U l lull^ t o . y o i i . l o d a y . o l a ^ r i e n l l i o e .
A I H I y»»- l»,."l''" " ' " A , . ;..„|..,s in
T h e m e n w h o nave c o i i . | t i e r c . I I his l a n d ;
h e r o e s . . I this «|uesi. Ihe I. ... •
I h e m e n w h o , here i n Ihe h e a r t «-l a
, , , ' , ; . . r e a l v i c t o r y ol peace, no 1. - • I"
, c i n i n l r v Hon was m a r k e d on Ihe maps
1 ,,f i h , V n i l e d Slales. o n l y lltlPl.V .yelll*
| iiiro as a d e . e v i . a n m d a y h o i i l i i i « m i
9 u u r i ' i i l t n r M l ftiir. k » » w »«»«' V1 " W , V h M h M l . l l l l l U » . i . s d e w ' l e n e n I, K
,, m n n e l , Ii h a s ; , , , . .1 m . • l
m tan\1anu\wHh»u I riwM »'*<•'" '"'i' 1 ' " • , i , i i..,.,i ' I ' d I r a n i H •"
m learn. I eame here, in r.-M".u-o Ii | ' - ' " . m . I he I..-I N n i . . .
¥ * i i n v i l a i i o i i . i l ' v i i i r n.miMii-iee.' I
« • w a n i c l (.. ,,ii.•ml a f a i r I H I"";' " " ' w ' ' " 1 '
e r n s e e l i o n . i - a u s e I i v W i e - l l o s e , . Ill
e v i d e n c e s u l l l i i l l a - f l i M l ' l U H ' I •»••»• "H 1 '
men! v.l,iei,,iu>iii!,^..ehaneMii>iIM-M;
>!-:.r::"i".!::: rfjFii:
lieeau^e I u a i . l c l I

; , , , „ p ; i s h .
i d e i - l i n d WllHl
v m i h a d done, a n d ii,»«r y j j i l ••«• ••;•;
d i i ; o t M i . » ' - - » * • . • M M . ' " ' • " • " • f t
,. V e.| l e i l l i ' . n d o l l a r s Mil
n.-ai loll
Pi Idesi.c.l. a . s a . i l i / - . x a a - a s . D :ik v d i l i a r c h e s value.
n l V i n v h a l ill l l i i ! pre - n e e ul " • • / ; • ' .
w o m e n Who have l - r e wj^MUrhJ.;
.'«•'"r'm-- m*
illion uoiiara, "iiavo noeii nuilt within
its b o r d e r s . In u t h o u s a n d inaniit':uiuir- s q u a r e m i l e ; in JB<0 it was over tour
mjj establishments,- liflcen thousand llllil in 1830 over twelve. T h e stale,
busy w o r k m e n :u-o employed, yi.x although 20lh bi population in 1880, was
million head of stock g r a z e on iis rich 30lh In the destiny of its population, it
gruHHOH. Its farm products for the year has plenty of room for g r o w t h .
18*5, will a g g r e g a t e in VitlUu fuliy $110- T h e c h a r a c t e r of the population of
000,000. Tin) assessed value ii( its prop- Kansas is notable. Out of a total in
erty equals $!>()() nor capita fur iis popn- 18M) of OOO.O'.'O inhabitants. IIO.OMO were
lation. Wealth is m o r o c q u a i l distribut- of foreign birth, and were
ed in K a n s a s than in a n y o t h e r portion natives of Ihu United Slates. In o t h e r
of tlio habitable glpUl, for we have few- words a little, over 11 per cent of o u r
very rich men and as few who a r c pau- population is foreign, and over eighly-
pers. This I'H tlm c e n t r a l state, ihosun- oight per cent native born, (icrimuiy
(lower state, the soldier stale, and with- ooulriniitod U8.0U1; E n g l a n d and Wale's
in its borders prosperity and order, in- 111,2(10; Ireland, I4,!lii:i; C a n a d a . 12,.W>;
telligence and sobriety, e n t e r p r i s e and Sweden and Norway, 12,.Wi; liussia, 8,-
industry, g o h a n d in h a n d . • Q82{ Scotland, 2,7*8; and France, |,lft|,
T h e whites n u m b e r e d O.V.'.sW.) ami Ihe
Ami they are w o r k i n g out a m n r v e P colored poopjo -|:|, 107.
'ous destiny for Kansas, Few. even of Of the people of Kansas, only e i g h t
:our oWa people, fully iindersfand what p e r c e n t lived in towns having over •!,-
wonderful strides o u r stale has m a d e
antt is m a k i n g . Admitted into the 000 population. Only a little over throe
Union in 1861, K a n s a s took rank in 1*70 and one-half per cent of I lie people over
as theS'Jtli s t a t e ; In IH'.'O it was the 20th: ten y a r s of age were unal-io to road,
land it is now in population, the l.jth ami only live and one-half per cent
Jstato of the Union, r a n k i n g next Hi w e r e uiiiihki to write. T h o s e e n g a g e d
|.Virginla, which from 1700 to IS10, was lit a g r i c u l t u r e a g g r e g a t e d (it per cent
itho rirsr;8(ftfe. It has passed ail the of tlio population, those e n g a g e d In
g o u t h e r i x ' s t a t e s except six, Missouri, Personal, and professional services, 1'
JKonlHclcy; Tennessee, (leorgia, Texas p e r cent; in mechanical and mining
;ii ml Virgin in., and nil of the n o r t h e r n pursuits II per eeiii; a n d t r a d e and
latits, except eight, New York, Pennsyl- t r a n s p o r t a t i o n H per cent.
v a n i a , Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Massa- Figures are always dry I know, but
c h u s e t t s , Michigan and Iowa. At the 1 have presented-those to establish what
ilose of the present decade Kansas will i have asserted eoneei ning Ihe wonder-
i am confident, rank as the elevelilh ful g r o w t h and d e v e l o p m e n t of Kansas,
_ tate of the Union, and it will round out n n i l t o show at I h e s a i u e lime what room
Rjhc nineteenth c e n t u r y as the sixlh or t h e r e is for future g r o w t h . Kansas is
Seventh, still in the. biMOiu of her y o u t h . With
• In 1801 wo had not a mile of railroad the light of the m o r n i n g on her fair
SyiMlin o u r burdors. In IWiO we liad !):;o y o u n g face, Kansas is moving on to the
m i l e s ; in 1880, 8.IJM miles; mid we have full realization of her magnificent
destiny. Loving freedom aiiilloyal to
f yW nearl v 5,000 miles.
i n 1800 the t r u e valuaiiou of Hit; prop
the c o r e ; believing in education and re
• peeling law; striving to keep Imr
Srly of Kansas a g g r e g a t e d mil)•^•'H,.'Wi',- y o u n g manhood sober, clean and h e a r t y ;
§00; in 1870 it a g g r e g a t e d ^|s«,Mi:.',0(K); never a feeble imitator, yet always
giui in 1880 itreaeliedfil.'i.OOli.OOO. Kun willing to l e a r n ; not afraid to experi-
s>jis ranked in ISO!) as the IHtli stale in ment, and nlwiivs ready to lead; enter-
f reallh; in 1870 it WW llui Ullli; and in
880 the 20th. i n lfOO the true valua
on of t h e ))roperty of Kansas averaged
prising, intelligent, c o u r a g e o u s and
e n t h u s i a s t i c - - I b i s is the Kansas of o u r
love ami our faith, this Ihe lair mistress
202 per capita; in 1870 it averaged $»(Vl of o u r h e a r t s , to whom, a d o p t i n g the
ml in 1880 It reached 1*517 per capita. l a n g u a g e of lluth lllid Naomi, we say:
,'nxalion averageil #.". p e r e a p i i a i n p-'so. " K i l l r e a l me not to leave thee or to re
intl ut tlio fbity seven states and lerrl- turn from following ••tier thee; for
Sirica, K a n s a s r a n k e d in a v e r a g e taxa- w h i t h e r thou gowd I will go, and w h e r e
§ o n |Hii' capita the clHh. T h a t is, laxa- thou lodges!, T will lodge| thy people
Qon was g r e a t e r per c a p i t a in twenty- shall be my people a ml thy (ioii my (bid;
| i g h l states and territories and less in w h e r e thou diest will I die and there
eighteen. T h e public indebtedness of will I be buried."
Kansas, state and local, averaged $|n
p e r capita, seventeen slates having a
l a r g e r a g g r e g a t e debt, and nineteen a
l a r g e r per c a p i t a debt.
T h e total a r e a of Kansas is M.'.'
acres, anil of this vast territory only III,- The Kinsley Mercury.
730,000 acres, or oue-lifih o f ' l h e total
was in 1SK0 u n d e r fence. h\ I Hit) there ISllUSUlHTloN, (One Vear). ifl M).
were only .'tn.202 farms in Kansas; in
1880 there were l.'iS.aill. T h e increase B Y 3. .ST3?STES2T'.
in I lie n u m b e r of farms d u r i n g t h a t de-
cade was v78 per ecu!; wlijlo tliu in- rtxTl'itn v v, tnTuiii;u:u. is--,v
crease in the total farm a r e a was 27.s
per cent.
In IHK) the population of Kansas was
but. a fraction over one person io id,. mmmzMmm?:
vi it'jfc* goto•tostth» ta
, - C i-A^Mt mtt iua",
rlly earliest recollections ..
TT^I^S •ational church!of Tepefca^L.
J. JE.HUDSON., Editdr^^j^rdprieto^ Wiring of 18611 A iffl™
ie state assembled on MaronJ
UfclWSDAY MOBNXNG. NOVEMBER *, <£the senate'meeting in &<ly
ipnilding that stood? in^jtntf
tier of Kansas/avenue apfl "
$ line House In a building' son
' of this. There were rumc,
i-H >tr in which the house'' njet^

i etfi WtWI 'of\ ' W

;mbers, JJut when w t t j
[toniy.Deat upon it:
>e honorable represL
, : Kan'laa cohdluded ft:
i 1 M
Vi'i'j inoyp. , And su, on the lit

o Anniversary of toe Paatori/-

I B 5 U # I.^BlakesIey^;'.'^
oo" ^
o niJ—•'—
/iOONTINt?ATIO* OF TjtlE SKRvicM. J ^ «
mlevening the Kan.aYCity Congrega- lature, and; »
tiohaf-blub held its. sixth meeting*!
meeting at the Kit was «| edb
Juwh. ' .This
First church. -was aa continuation
W i was continuationof
of iad atte,'n(T
a, iro'ctedinats of the previous day. and I .. sOmethin „•"£
fteld specially swith reference to the t | the so
tanebus anniversaries of the church, „op^|pH^v
| '',pr John A. Ma/tin was expected to, remember that' th^se a M .
" n&3WK&M addie«i,/bat waf* thelaw-maljeriofthpi
I ' m$£&Atchisoh^^|3$
•>or s^hfc thefollowingloiter f
it I mtastu1«iJBjWWr'
- all her.busy tfafh,". 0'
eoir; Kan., NoTomber 2,1886, L intended to'explain why t
with yon this eyening, and
* ^RSIR:—'WhellyousQMndlyin• present my regrets and pw
e ^o be present at the anniversary -company assembled, for^my,;.
absence. • Toury, yery trnfrrl''
• "r-.-. Jno.'^J

;thm^6re", 'either. forego a pleasure \had, M ^ 1 ffia
,. U j J <. ; ^ g
oo feathigheTtduty of AmWioVnol««S5Jp! I | ,^ * ^ > ! ^ * ^ %
atteWt^pe'at the pol(s o* election day. 1 j • • ' '^'- a ^ ;^"
t what I hUve decided'to dp—remain at home,
luttVftftw election. ' f f :%^'?3pl
[ . X HTOSOK. Editor
I lr$helhirtioth anniversary of the. First t
.tional church of TopekaJ" That 1 L
S ie state pearly six years. To-. I
en UtUe more than a name on'"
iap,*if indeed it had yet attained that, A large number^pf the ci
jbtfcn. And Kansas, a strange, uri- ka, andmanrj|ointhe^ei^_
if(nf country, representing an 'idea
s I rather thai\tho metes and bounds of a ,
'were present at'the masi;
evening in Representative,'' f
I tuture'gTeat statd, was jast beginning to
to be discussed, written about and won- sidn being the meeting of _
dered At, as it has been during all the ' tional League. The inclei!'
years that ha*e since come and gone. Mr. I weather deterred many'from
Whittle* was a prdphot when/* year be- 'I who otherwise wpnld have ^
fore your churoh was, ei^tabUshed, b* -
sang-/- • . , , . ' ^^Xm^M od, and helped to give^ the mi
i "W«go to pU&ihn oommoa^oMw • ;,.>^ oess which it so richly de*
was, the large halloas coni
•id'all were edifled'by the1
the exerdises.v The..Jtalenf
sefs delivered
iotic ardor an< mi' and
'bill a 'Vital ;Quo8tIofi;''||p k or an Indian, iljntt)i»aK«i^J,nac w; always]
The folio win sr letterof ^ Governor Mar- the reply of* the 'governmenttothe demand |
tin's, addressed to the Kansas delegation I of its citizens for guarantees of immunity.
in congress, is upon a question which de-1 But twio). withm the past few years, have!:
mauds attention, and is of peculiar inter-'I the borders of Kansas been invaded by the f|
same Indians who now occupy the coun-
est to the inhabitants of the counties with-1 try adjoining southwestern Kansas
Knowledge of thaie facts naturally and in* j
• 'l*5!
«& .mm
IXCaUrlTC DirikBTifllMT,
nam,> v. Jl
eritably inspires a feeling of uneasiness
and apprehension, .The settlers do not
.'" ' •-; • r 14,1885.1 , ; ,1
TorucA, November know; when art outbreak may occur; they!
Meters. WorrM, Funeton.'Perkins, Ryan, dq kVow that no adequate precautions to
Anderson, Hanback and Peters? '$'•$% ""vent an outbreak have been adopted.
Mr DEAR SIUB: I address you, as' the i they live in constant dread oi an In-
gtepreseritatives of Kansas in congress, on Jiari raid, and are liable at any moment to
> subject of gr*ve. interest to man; of the (thrown into u panic, which will send
"tizens of this state. • :. ^ fc|aj lenl women and children flying in terror
As yon know, a very large population ro'm their peaceful homes. Such a panic |
as, within the past year, settled in the "cuVrecl early in July last, and the losses,,
unties of Barber, Comanche, Clark, i sufferings, the demoralization attend-'
Meade, Seward, Finney and Hamilton.' • it wt re almost as'great and as dis- j
;; These counties are located in south; (sing us thqugh an actual invasion had
^western Kansas, adjoining oc near the, occurred. These people are justly en-
Indian 'Territory. v The cUis»ns ' wad] titled, not only to absolute protec-|
Hare occupied them are tiwtp. by in- ,ti6n against Indian raids;': but to I the U.nvt«T\<«ta?e|S jruch an ufauranro .of protection as
_ government, extended through'its laws for jwill) ...inspire' "confidence among' them
and prevent'""that apprehension "which
the- settlement of tho publio''domainV .breeds panic. 'And such assurance cannot I
i They,are peaceably industrious,'v intelli- Ve given unlesss military posts are e*tafc-|
gent peop'e. Thousands of them served i Juhed and maintained along'the south-1
in the tanks of the union, array during tho western border of Kansas. , Jj'?- j
late .ciyil war. And they are, one'and all, I do not know by wnat authority such
justly entitled to the protection pf the gov- posts are located arid1 maintained. If the!
ernment., ' ,'jg * r. •• -*•.•;', • "* \ ' P .'V''<i\ action of congms is required, I trust that!
f : Sfiuth of the counties mentioned' the you will, at the earliest' posniblo moment. [
jWViTutnenthaslocated Boverali tribes of introduce and urge the-pasaago of a bilil
in*. Matly of UKHO Indian* i r e say- baring this end in vf<!'w. It the posts caaT
turbulent and dan gerous,; I "The. f ocij beestaolished/byoraer of'the president j
they are peaceable to-day is n6 guar- or of the general commanding the army, f
" ant|e" that they will be peaceable next hope you will urge vjpon ttTese officers the
;*%«.,,pr 'next . month. ^ S o ' l o n j r vital importance of prompt" action, to tho,
a s l ' t n e y are. where iroey are, end that thei people of/^oiilnwestflnil
• what they arc, and Ue borders ' Kansas may not only be assured of pro-]
anios are left exposed and defenseless,' tection, but of such adequate sufegurdsi
le of the counties lying next, the as will inspire confidence and prevent j
arritory will be uneasyvahd appro- alarm and panic. - •,, '
•sjV* Indian raids are possible at any . I have addressed a similar letter to'Sen-
m& ' TKev*6 U'nothinir to prirerit 'jn im atore Ingalls V»'»» PIMM**'
n of the horders of Kausas, or to pro-
bur ottticpnw> f r o m i t o W*vdtu>g horrors:
taof Kun(v'« caanotaliyrdto.maji^
y iU u
Ming a r V $ ll *rW
b o r d e r fo J P J L & « • £ & $
DECEMliEU 29. I035.
oold not be e x i H o V ^ i T , * " ™*^
y in order to prdO* * " £ " " * ;
..and givei them b£*$£r?l
This is a duty i f W W ? A GREAT ASSEMBLY.
ully devolves on tho g0.Tern*,
United States. . '» :' ' V V
judgment, absolute protection Twenty-first Meeting of the Kansas I
• cannot be guaranteed to the
^southwestern Kansas unless the Teachers' Association.
•erninent ' established at le-vst
posts on or near our southern
no. One post should bo estab- Tho twenty-first annual rnoetlnif n] the I
f the southwestern itorner of Kansas Teachers' association mot Inl
^Barber county, and another near the south- representedivo hall last evening under}
western corner of Meade county. And the most glowing circumstuncos, the,
these posts should "be maintained as long
as the Indian territory is reserved for the seating capacity of the hall being entire-
occupanoy of Indians having tribal rela- ly insufficient to accommodate tho num-
tions^' ber present, which is estimated at nearly j
IVmay be said that there is no dange*]
American people, topi.'ibave r
spnaT iijl^rejitTO,the Irish leader."
more thin half,a century his grandfat
^JMayiwtfww. ami was oije'of the most distinj"
ons'n'ol^i of our?avy:• Hewaaat T*
oatur, and he, commanded^
*•--fm^t'jMB'P!M battles

mam mm
an than
3 that is

pioUohi .illustrated at
ft hehM^Waded,1
hafe;,pee,n •ji}p|limen-
no disaster coul
.JiJwt-sr- '
•tors, 'PanM^Conneu,,...ffeKtflpoMi
-ceterv;,;.'lall, ' 1 % O P O #
Jeans, I tend my vqioe ay-eering like the
gjunder-etorm across , £hO;,AtJanuo, t^tell1
jre hoi and to remind the negro, 1 that the. J
dawn of his redemption is drawing hear»r I
MB of Liberty, or who W- :• In the aame spirit, with equal eomesVf
to believe, that any good ness, and, let ua hope, .with something of J
cause le purpose can be 'promoted by ,0'ConneIl's prophetic virion,lot this :meet-1
aasoaa i, or by that weapon of cow- ing send across,the Atlantic its — "l
pfbrutaUS^dywrnite, ~ $ $ to Charles Ste wart Parnell. and tq
|£derstand the purposes anil'
^Mch Charles wewart, Par-
nell an lowera are wntendlng, in ^thhip,a4.J
those which, in Amer- battle of 1
all the' seal 'and energy
• J jfather U'KeiUy then more V vs>
:wne. r „ thinks to Governor Jno. A iWd
i first political campaign the Modoc dub, for thej,
ild enough to'take an &- meeting., The inotloiFWM uw^lmou
1 to open the, public do-
main tc^tha people tinder the beneficent
provisions ,,ojr the Homestead act. The sent to Charles Stewart Parnell,'convoying
Irish mpM, i» contending for the the greeting* of the meeting. ' 'f '»•fcJ?,
right Bt-'ftrery man to rote for vFather 0 Reilly announced a meeting
thcwe whoareto make4l*w»for his gov- of the executive commiitee of the league,
ern meat, and .this right, in America, I at the parlors of the Copeland hotel Im-
hare, advocated and defended with unfal- mediately after the adjournment of the
tering deyoHon. The Irish leader is con- meeting. , •' *' .>'
tending, iii'Juriland, for protection to home sA number of letters was read from
industries,'and this, policy, in, America,
has commanded my ardent support. .The
same ideas and principles that have con-
Erotninent persons in the, state. The meet-
ig then adjourned. ,'K- •,. {$' {,-• ^
I trolled my action in America wonld make
me, if in Ireland, a nationalist. And
surely the Irish people,'who have fought
so gallantly for liberty in every land, jtare
a just right to expect $he sympathy
[ ertr-loving_pepj(lei_fl» world orer .in

ft • . ••' 'V" > >.*

^Tixe dismal weather had no effect tnere Is no occupati^„ „„ ,
o j i ^ e attendance, whatever, and the •the economy of the state, no profession^
vaBtassembly presented an appearance 130 far-reaching and universal in its in-f?
that pleased the eye to look upon men sfiuenco on society, as that of the publieCj
•and women who have spent the greater educator. fe
Some oue has said that t h e e is noth-g|
-portion of their l\ves in teach- UDg on this earth so puie and plastic as a;;
ing the young men and women human soil and mind fresh from thefrl
of the .state, and as the re- hands of its Creator. Guilelees. ques-P
portorial eye was cast over the vast tioning, impressionable, its bright youngjf;
eyes looking fearlessly into the unfath-*;
multitude he wondered not that Kansas omable future, the child comos to the t,i
was fast gaining the reputation of being teacher to be armed and trained for the [.
one of theleading states of the Uniom Jaard, stern duties of this busy, care-bur-1
mot only in fertility of the soil, but fer- vieneil, practical world. How shall it b e '
l -tllity of the mind as well. The people developed to true manhood and woman-
hood ? How shall the ideals of its fresh,
who reside within her boundary can feel chilhood be conformed to
«nd speak with pride oi her educational tho real in humanity without making
facilities) as represented last night in the the child either a port, superficial prig, a
carping, tmcering, sceptical pedant, or a 4
great minds present.
•visionary, incapable theorist? These are
Prof. A. R. Taylor, of Emporia, the questions to whk'h tho teacher must o
president of the
tion, called the meeting to' order
associa- anake reply.
I do not niiKiimo that I can aid you in
solving thcao problems. I wish os,ly to
at 7:45, and the exerciseB were com- preaent to you, HH clearly and as earnestly 00
menced by singing of the "Doxology" ai pos'iblo, the grave responsibilitioH you 00
which was participated in by the whole have assumed. The widest and greatest
1 assembly, led by a competent choir, after men in nil ages and countries havo ex-
alted the profession of the tnacher. 00
8 which Rev. Dr. Mwrvin made a fervent " l'lililic education," said Napoleon,
ana v earnest' prayer, pleading for t i e
guidance of Almighty God in directing
"should bo the lirat object of govern-
ment," Hurko declared that "education
IB tlie c'.iiuf defence of nations." Kdward
t h e meeting. Kverott affirmed that "education is a
President A, R. Taylor here introduced better safeguard of liberty than a stand-
•GoYjyJoan A.Martin who delivered the ing army." Horace Mann said that CL
''school houses aro tho republican lino of H
following- address which WAS mont JbrtilicationB." Kmerson defined eduea-
happUjr jsceiyed and heartily applaud- tion as "the arming of the man." These I
declarations aro self-evident trutliB; no |
JfivCftalman, LadUs and Gcntkmrn: intelligent person will dispute tliom.
During my school days I frequently 00
And you, teachers of KaiiBas, realizing 1/1
heard, and occasionally took part in, an- the importance of your respansibilities,
imated debates as to the relative influ- as I have no doubt you do, ought to
ence and use fulness of the pen or the
i sword, the lawyer, the doctor, or the
minister. I do not remember that the
realize also the necessity of fitting your-
selvoB for the work you have undertaken,
< lu the charming stories of that great ivi
labor of the teacher was ever discussed master of English fiction, Charles Dick- ©
i n these eager, if somewhat callow, con- ons, there are sketches of schools, schol- JSO

troversies. Yet, if any thoughtful, Intel- ars and teachers that evory public edu-
ligent man was asked to pass judgment cator might read with profit. 1 am I
upon they comparative value of human confident we haveno Yorkshire schools o
activities, I am sure he would make an- and schoolmasters in Kansas—schools in
swer that the public educator leads all which every young alloction.overy kind-
the rest. .' . v ly sympathy, cv.»ry hopeful aspiration,
-^Ifdb not say this, teachers of KHITCBB,| was 11 igged and starved to death. 1
because I am in your presence. Nor do I" hope, to >, that wo havo no schools like
' say it in any spirit of flattery. I ami that in which poor little l'aul Dombey g
speaking of the duties, responsibilities L was crammed to an untimely grave— >
and opportunities of your profession D ochools In which the studies "went round -f-
rather than of the individuals who are 1 like a mighty wheel, and tho young gen-
engaged in teaching. For, I regret t o p tlemen were Btretchod upon it." Mut I
«ay, I have known teachers who were no fear -that mechanical HchoolinasterH of
better qualified to guide, instruct and iheJJradlov Headstone class, and schools 9
inspire the boys and girls in their charge like unto that of DavidCopperlleld. with
than a painted Indian is fitted to illus- Wt its unwholesome smells, its dirty lloors,
t r a t e t h e virtues and graces of true C h r i s - 1 and its ink stained walls, are not wholly
tian life and character. But the incom- g unkuown in this country. Let us hop'o
{potency or unworthiness of individual F tkey aro very few, and growing fewer as
steachers does not detract in the least gj
degree from the statement I make, that §

r- i .fit

'•:"'.rJ0f'^'^'".-' anc iu mi U I H minimi, eariiuiu
>»w, tuiu
teachers of Kansas, I address Shakes-
the years ge on. Kansas people take peare's
just pride in saying that the best build- "I praise the Lord for you, and so may
ings in every town, village or neighbor- my parishioners; for their sons are weil
hood in the state is the school bouse, and tutored by you, and their daughters profit
it is pleasant to believe that the young very greatly under you. You are good
lift) within them all ie as sweet, aa happv members of the Commonwealth."
and as healthful as the flowers, the birds
and the air of our prairies. In the "Old
Curiosity Shop" there is a picture, home-
ly but delightful, of a school whose influ- Water Ways Convention m
ences would run like a golden thread
through the life of every child brought
•::.^ [Capital]' JM« £
within their scope. You remember it, I Governor Martin yesterday lnfprKi
am sure—the pictureoftheslmple-hfart- ed HomL, F. Hubbard, Governor, o
ed, kindly old teacher, whose thoughts
went wandering across the fields to the Minnesota, that no bad appoii
< bedside of the scholar he loved; the pa- the fo$jj|wing delegates to rop'rel t
tient, faithful old inns tor whose rollick-
a ing boys were one and all the childre the State of Kansasl at the Npr$r
of his heart and hopes; ton -shrewd an western Waier Ways CbnVentfo^M
sympathetic old man who, when th
forbidden shouts and laughter of hi
children on the play ground jarred upo_ Thursday, Soptembbr 3, $85$Sg&' 3
his mournful thoughts, said: "It's nat- Delegates at large.—Hon. W. Wh 3
¥ ural, thank Heaven, and I'm vory glad
they didn't mind me." Guthrie, Atchison; Hob?' Eugene .ft
> The way to the heart of a obild is not Ware, .Fjpjrt SpottJ. Captain ;.Lj§r
© dlflicult to And. and the teacher who is Coiling Sabetha Hon/ W. $L
at once a friend, confidant, sympathiser
and instructor, has found it, and thus bough,' .Abilene, Vinton St}
lightened not only his own burdens but I^aTehworthrGolonel'A. T., S
those of his pupils. The true
teacher. the successful educator, Wyandotte; Hop. J. W.' S$qn i
the really great one who etiinu- Paola: J. B, Walkup, Emporia; Hpi

s I lates the ambition of his scholars, and,

with ready tact and helpful sympathy,
awakens and develops all that is best
C. E. Glfford, Clay Centie'; Jbhi
and brightest in their natures. It was
f-l his kindness and sympathy, no less than
his great learning, that gave Arnold, of
Rugby, his world-wide fame. It was his Non, S. 8. Cooper, Oskalobsa; HOIK
enthusiastic love for his work no lees
than his wisdom, that gave Horace .C. Claries, AJcWsbri,^ > *-\ '? . f j f
Mann his high rank as an educator. Second Congressional Distrloirr. 1
Bat I am aetaining you too long. I
gladly discharge the pleasant duty Hon
on. L. W. Breyfogle, Lonexa;Hp|.
!;assigned me, and cordially welcome you s
to tne Capital. That sturdy old Scotch 1
statesman, Fletcher, o/ Saltoun, writing
to the earl of Montrose two hundred
years ago, said: "I know a very wise Xkfc?:ir.D, Barker, Gfrard; H5i
man who believed that, if a man were
permitted to make all the ballads, he A. WtiUin|toii; WianW ana ^ .
I need not care who should make the laws
of a nation. I welcome you, teachers of
I Kansas, as men and women who could Fourth Congressional District-?, i
say, with far more truth: "In educating
the boys snd girls of the state we inspire
its sentiment, control its buBinBss, direct
H o r # $ . Wilson^ Tppeka;:.:&'W
Sedgwick, Emporia; S. H, Falrohild,
its enterprise, and make its laws." No
[•one could aspire to a nobler, greater
I'woik than yours, and in assembling here '..Fifth Congressional District.—C.
pou make manifest the fact that you
'realize the vast importance of your du-
E. Barnes, Clay Centre; Major John i
ties. I trust your meeting will be pleas- •jOfrlgnt,Junction"City; Chlirleji
ant and instructive, and that you will Iplouten, iri&Mim- •••A3KI
one and all return to your homes inspir-
ed with renewed ardor for your work, £ $ i t b Co9|ressionaJ 'DlstrMl^
and with larger, broader, more exalted j6nn,D. Eobertson, Jewell Centre.
views of its great dignhy and greater
responsibilities. To those here assem- Captain J. Sv.McDowell, Smith XJettf
tre; Major-1$. H. Downing* £lfays
Seven t] jhgressiohal

"t of Leavenw
A>< V~, $ ? W ; >-

ent, at oud a soldier at Ufiicamauga

fANUAET T, 1886; he battle was just opening, the artillery
I • J.:** fas thundering at the distant lords, the
rackle of the 'more deadly musketry was
: welling to the roar of a close conflict, and
S J E E VETERANS. 8& , regiment of our troops was moving for-
ward, in line, through the forest. Sud-
J r v . ^ . t o ' i t ; - ... • '• • li -••;:." '•'• denly a rabbit started from his cover, and
,tion of the Offlcen-Eleot of | ran, as only a frightened rabbit can run,
PuWioiw away from the advancing lines. A soldier,
iinooln Post. expressing, 1 have no doubt, the general
pisSsa' sentiment of his comrades, shouted out:
"Run, you white-tailed rascal, run; if I
The installation of the officers-elect of | hadn't any more pride than you have, I'd
Lincoln Post,No, 1., 0 . A. R., the largest run, too.' When 1 saw the announce-
post in Kansas.and probably the largest in ment referred too, 1 felt like running.
1 wanted, also, to say a few words to the
the country, took place last night at the! committee that took this unwarranted
Grand opera house, bong before the time liberty. 1 should like to express my
for the exercises to begin the auditorium opinion of their action, but it might not,
was crowded to its utmo8t,and by 8 o'clock | bo exactly the right thing to do.
v A few years ago Judge Hugh
the gallery and "pit ' were filled. L. Bona, of Maryland, told
The stage was appropriately decorated and! me that, shortly after the war he
presented a pleasing appeeronco. At went to North Carolina with a party of
either.end of the stagp was a stack of arms, Boston gentlemen who contemplated the
swordjyind drums. Across the stage in establishment of somo important indus-
front were four beautiful fern trees and tries in that section. The natives were
the stage scene representing a campground ] S
unreconstructed, and sullen. Oae of them
formecf the back ground. Life-size por- owned a fine water power. The dam was
traits of General James A. Garflold, Gen- there, tit tho mill site; but the mill—well
eral -Grant, Abraham Lincoln, General you know tho rest of this. Judge Bond
Sherman and other distinguished Ameri- •aid that while the rest of tho party were
cans,' were bung at each side, and looking around tho place ho engaged tho
also a portrait of Mother Bickurdyku I owner in conversation, and among other
and Dr. Crane, Bunting in ubundanco questions he asked:' "What
and flogs of every description and embloms became of your mill?" The
pf the' G. A, R. wore suipcndod over tho | native replied: "It was burnt by Misttr
staged '• Seated on tho platform were Col- Sherman." Said Bond, affecting aston-
one! John A. Martin, Adjutant Ovneral ishment: "Mister Sherman, Miller obit'
Campbell, Captain A. D' Thatcher, Major man—why, who is Mister Sherman?"
T. J.Anderson, Dr. S. E. Sheldon,Captain The native looked askance at him, and
A.M. Fuller, Capt. Devondorf, Department
'Commander Stewart.and other oldsoldiors,
slowly drawled out: "Wall, Mister, ho 1
war a man what made hisself powerful un-
the officers of tho Woman's Relief corps, popular around this neighborhood, a few
and officers of Old Abe camp, Sons of Vet- years ago."
erans. 1 know a committee that was "powerful F
At 7:45 the curtain was raised and Mar- unpopular with mo. this morning, in- Cft
shall's military band, the prido . of deed, I think that, for a few moments, I
the capital city, played a selec- would liko to conciliate that committee,
tion from Olivette. Tho audience was then somewhat after General Butler's
invited to sing "Amorica," and wore led Idea. Colonel E. W. Ihncks, of
by Captain 0 \V. Fax. The chaplain of the _ Sixth Massachusetts, explained
the post, Rev. Dornblaser, then offered tun idea to mc, somd'years ago. During
prayer,' The master of ceremonies, Colo- the fall or winter of 1801, he was under
nel John A. Martin, tho gallant governor General Butler's command, and received,
of Kansas, addressed tho post. I lis ad- one day, an order to innke a snout through
dress w $ a s follows:' tho surrounding country, and to report at
Comrades oftne Grand Army, Ladies of headquarters for instructions, lie reported
. the lielief Corps, awl Members of the and receiving from the general minute di-
Sons of Veterans:
I was somewhat surprised, while read-
rections touching the route, duties, etc.,
turned to leave, when ho remembered

ing the papers this morning, to sou in tho that nothing hud bovu said about
programme of this eveninu's ceremonies, how the inhabitants were to be
thttf I was announced for nn address, I dealt with. So he said, "General
entered a mental protect against this de- how shall I trcrtt the people?" "Oh,"
tail for extra duty. 1 do not know what I replied Butler, carelessly, "eonciliato 'cm;
' ave done to deserve it. I was invited to ccnciliatc 'em " Colonel llineks saluted,
t as master of ceremonies on this occn- and started off. He hud his hand on tho
on. I did not understand, in accepting door knob, when Butler suddenly asked:
o invitation, that tho master of cere- " Young man. do you know how to concili-
onies was expected to make a speech. I ! & # ate an enemy?" The Colonel turned and
It very much, when 1 road that announce-1 doubtfully replied: " I do not know, Gen
•"whether I understand what youl public; tue rosy-'
men.'*^"" Well,".said Butler. " the rightl young fellows who are your legitimate
way to conciliate an enemy is to take himl successors, my comrades,—what shall I say
by the throat and choke him until his eyes of them? The Grand Array will vanish
bulge out." , as the years go by. Day by day its ranks
I was, however, honored by the invita-J will shrink and dwindle, as they did,
fcion I received to act as master of cere-1 years ago, before the fire of
monies on this occasion. Lincoln post of I the enemy. They cannot be filled • by re-"
the G..A, R. is the largest Grand Army I cruiting. But I rejoice that sucti an or-
organization in the west—probably the| ganization ar-thw~ flomrof Veterans wJU
largest in the country. Its members rep- survive, to keep green and fair the' deeds
resent every army, every corps, and- prob- of their fathers, and to pre»erve the herit-
ably every division and brigade of the age of (rje government their fathers
Union army. Always enthusiastic, always maintained. The blood of the patriot
• ready for duty, preserving fresh and I fathers warms the hearts of patriot
'fair the inspiration that warmed sons, and I have faith to be-
"their hearts and nerved their arms lieve that any emergency demanding such
a quarter of a century ago, and I sacrifices as those the pt'ople of this coun-
maintaining unbroken the ties of try were called upon to make from 1861 to
comradeship which united them when 1SC5, would rind millions of young men
they touched elbows in the long line -of ready to brave all, suffer all, give all, for
patriot heroes stretching; from (lie Rocky j liberty and the republic. • Vt 5
Mountains to the Atlantic—it is indeed an Mother Earth, are the heroe* dead! '•' I * *
honor to be called by such a port, to pre-1 Do they thrill tbe wul of the jenre no tuorn f
« side at the installation of its officers. Are tbe gl 'amlng euowi und the popplee red.
All that la left of tbo bmve of yorer' i\
[ None the less do I appreciate the honor Are there none to fight a* Tho»eua (ought*
of acting as master of ceremonies ut the I'M In the young world'* mlity dawn T ' '
installation of the oncers of the RelM Or to teach ft* i be gray-belrod neitor taught f
corps. 1 have often thought that, after]
all, it was tho patriotio women of
the country who had the hardest part to
Mother Earth, are the huroet gone*
"QoueT In a grander form tber rt««.
Deadr We may elaeo their banda In onn,' ',
And catch the light at their oloarer eyes, "£
\" i
bear during the long und dreadful years of And wreath tbolr browe withe linmortkrTOoe
- the war. The excitement of a soldier's Wherever A noble deed4* done, A ...
life.tho changing scenes of march and camp 'Tie tho pulno ot a boro'a heart If i>Urrtdi
Wberovnr the right hat n triumph won,
the inspiration of coriradeHhip, the pride There are tbo berooa' voice* board. V'
of duty well performed, the sustaining/ 1 ' •&•
Tholr nnror ring* on a fairer Held i tJ t i
Than tbe Greek or the Trojnu ever tr*
ization andT nombers—all For Froedoiu'a (word la the blade they •yflsld.
eaowere denied them. Powerless ox- And tho light above la tho * mile of good
Ho in b). lale of otlm delight
Cebt'lo'sviHor, voiceless except to pray, ana Jaron limy alaepthn your away;
'yet patient, ' self-sacrificing ana brave, For the heroua live and the »kio« are bright
mothers, wives, sisters and sweethearts of And the world 1* a brnver world to day.
this lund felt every shot that echoed on the Commander-in-chief comrades of the 1
battle-fields of the war as a wound, and Grand Army, ladies and gentlemen, I
staggered under the load of every hard- await ynnr pleasure.
snip or privation our soldiers were called Tbe governor was lustily a» lauded at
upon to endure. The women at home
were just as true patriots und heroes as the the close of his eloquent add )»H. The
men at the front. band gnvo another selection, ter which
Comrade W. K. Brubaker n: do a pre-
The maid who bind* her warrior'* aaah •entation address, presenting to Lincoln
With (mils tbat well her pain dissemble*. post an elegant case in which reserve
The while beneath lier drooping laeh
Onealerry tear-drop hnrig« »ud tremble*,
' Though heaven alone record* ' bo tear,
the flag carried by Captain T er and
Comrade Kaskel in the procet>s; u at Gen-
And { M M shall never know her etory,
W Her heart bat abed n drop aa dear
eral Grant's funeral. Cap" in A. D.
Thatcher, post commander, o behalf - of
Al e'er bedewed tlie fteld ot glory.
h The wife wbo gird* her h jeband'. a word.
. j 'Mid little one* who weep and wonder,
the post, made the response/ It was a
brilliant and flowery effort,/ tbe speaker
.--. And bravely tpenk* tbo oheerlng word, being frequently greeted With applause
What tliouuh IIT heart be rent nmnder, He extended to Comntue/Brubaker tbe
Doomed ul«lnl/ in lier dreaina to beur right hand of fellowship »(the 644 bravo
Tbo bolt* ot dentil around hlin ratUu,
Oath ahed aa *aor«d blond AH e'er
Wae imurod upon tbo held o( battle.
veterans of Lincoln post
"iss rlb'rence rbV. men sung ''tJtaf
Spangled Banner." tho audience joining
The mother wbo conceal* lier grief in the chorus. The master of' ceremonies
While to ber brooet bor »oti eho pronee*.
Then broatbea a lew bmve word* nud Irtof, then announced that PepartmenfCotn-
KUalug the patriot brow eho lileh»e». tnander Stewart, of Wichita, would in-
With uo one but ber eeoret Uod stall the officers-elect, of Lincoln .Post.
To know the pain that weigh* upon her,
Bbeda bojy blood aa e'er tbo «>d The following olficcrs were instalMl ! ',.^'
Received* on Freedom'* Hold of honor. Post Commander, T.J.Anderson': Senior
Vice Commander, A. B. Campbell; Junior
The boys, too,—the Sons of Veterans- Vice Commander, N. McGregor; Quarter-
I young men and lads in whose veins ruus| master, E. J. Cady; Surgeon, S. E. Shel-
tho blood of the heroes who stayed tho re-. don; Chaplain, A. J. Garrison; Officer of
the Day. C. B. Tillinghast; Officer of tho
Guard, J.W.Tobias.

play a tune. The oiel man, Himself worn

and tired as any of his comrades, responded:
"It ish all very veil to say play, play, but
CfliWRBitfotaltf. were ish dor viud to come from?" So I
might have answered your committee: "It
is all very well to say speak, but what shall I
tuoak about?"
Y MORNING. fEDRDAitY 0.1686 Captain Coney, in inviting me, said that I
would not be expected to occupy more than
five minutes, and I shall keep within the
GM.KICE POST FAIR. imit. He stated, also, that I could talk
about anything I pleased. In fact, his in-
vitation gave mo as large a liberty as
Oenoral Sherman once gave a troop of cav-
A GREAT OMSNING LAST NIGHT alry. A battle was in progress, and tho gen-
RECAKDLESSOFTIIEMUI). J eral thought they were not moving forward
as rapidly as they should. So he called out
"* '-' r" _1_ * •• to their commander: "Gallop, major, gal-
lop." Tho major ropliod: "Whore shall I
The Mtorthy Old Veterans, to be Cured for gallop to, general?" Instantly tho genoral-
by Their More Fotrumttc Comrades uud ropliod: "Gullop anywhere, anywhere! only
gallop!" *
Frlends-^Oov. Martin's Addrcss-Othov
Notes of Interest. The grand army has several proposes. It
seeks to perpetuate the friendships, the com;
• • i. • radoship, born of tho great civil war; it
sooms to strengthen that lovo of
It is doubtful if there is a moro sonorous country, that respect for law, that
devotion to the Hag of tho Union, which
and charitable community of people in the warmod the hoarts and norved the arms of
country than those, who reside within the the soldiers of tho Union during tho long
boundary lines of Shawnoo county. The and deat>crate years of tho rebolhou: and it
reason perhaps for this is tho fact that a seeks to provide for the helpless and desti-
tute survivors of that great struggle, their
majority of them hare all ntsome time or widows and thoir orphans. Fraternity, loy-
another been subjected to tho hardships of alty, charity—thoso are tho watchwords of
pioneer life,'and understand the feelings of tho Grand Army. "And the greatest of these
is charity."
those who are now suffering from destitution This fatfr was originated for the purpose of
r other trials which to many mako life a raising a fund to provide for tho needs of
? urdon; and notwithstanding the fact that
Lincoln Post Q. A. B. has just closed a very
thoso who, a quarter of a century ago, gave
everything for tho republic. Their charity
was HO largo, so broad, so self-sacrificing,
successful fair, General Rloo post lost even- that they suffered all they hud—thoir energy,
ing inaugurated a similar baozar for the pur- thoir courage, their health and oven lifo it-
pose of raising funds to bo applied to the self, for thoir country. Their countrymon
can never ropuy theso men for their servi-
support of their destitute comrades, under ces, but thoy can do something to show that
the most favorable circumstances. they gratefully remember tho soldiers of tho
It will no doubt prove a suocoss. The gen- Union.
And for ono I do not boliovo that there is
eration of to-day has not failed to learn, nor now, or that thnro Lam been, any disposition
has it forgotten the trials and suffering of on tho part of the American peoplo to forgot
the old veterans who ontercd upon tho battle thoir obligations to tho soldiers. Speaking
fields in the intercut* of common humanity, as a soldier to soldiers, I soy this with earn*
estnrss. Here and everywhere such « charity
and willing hands aro ever ready to tendor as this you have organized will bo moro gen-
these old soldiers acts of kindness. '" •*'*'<* erously than any other charity
The opening of Oonoral Rico post fair last that rnu bo dovisod. And for my comrades
generally l.want to acknowledge this fact,
evoning at 180 Kansas avenuo, was an aus- and rotum thanks for it. It shows that tho
picious one. Tho exercises commenced by American peoplo are not ungrateful; that
music- from Marshall's military band, which they Imvo not forgotten, and will uot forgot
the heroic men who gave so much for thorn.
in itself will alono attract large crowds. I have no doubt your fair will bo it grand
Following this, Rov. Dr. McOabo made a success. I am confident that tho loyal peoplo
fervent and earnest prayer to Him who of tho capital and tho straugors within your
gates will patronize it generously, and that
rules, that success ./woeJd atlond tho under- at ils close tho Grand Army post* iutorestod
taking. Anothor soleotlon by tho band was in it will Imvo a charily fund ample to moot
then givon, after which .Governor John A. tho demands of thoso whose wants they aro
anxious to relievo.
Martin was introduced, who made the fol-
lowing characteristic and_well worded fad- -t Tho over popular Modoc club hero treated
dress. *n r^^"^'"avv"~ the vast assembly to one of their finest se-
Comradti: lections and woro heartily applauded.
I have been called 'upon so often during Major General John A. Caldwell wad then
the past year, to address assemblages of introduced as the next speaker. The major,
this character, that I experience something as usual, held the attention of thoso present
>of tho difficulty which porploxcd thu old reg-
imoutal band master. It was during a lung for several minutes by his How of eloquence,
oxbaustiug march, and thu commander ot 1,'/j iu which he pictured the scenes on tho battle
the rogimeut, knowing that a little music' fields iu II vory glowing manner, and pleaded
would inspire his juded soldiers with new
lifo and vigor, directed tho band loader to with thoso present to hositato not iu tender-
ing assistance to the old horoes.
pTIftsant homes for thousands - *
•3F abled and destitute; and why should the
THE CAPITAL. generosity of the people be so frequently
appealed t o ?
Those who ask these qnctstions fail to
TUESDAY MOBNINu. TEBRUABT 16, 18WJ. comprehend the magnitude of tho civil
war, the vast number of men enlisted in
tho union army, tho hardships or priva-
tions to wiiich they were exposed, tho
BLUE POST FAIR frightful legacy of wounds and uuuase
tiler service entailed or the
time that has elapsed since their linal
Was Opened Last Night With a muster our.. When these things aro con-
sidered, the wonder will be, not that so
Hurrah. many, but. that to few, uf tho soldi em "f
the union need the helpful .sympathy and m
iiRpistauei) of iheir more fortunate com-
GOV. MAETIN'S OPENING ADDEESS. rades, and of id! generous and gratelul
1 Vory Largo Attendance — Generous Nearly twenty-one jt'ars have coino and
Ooutributions. gone siiieo the war closed, and of the
VI,700,000 persons enluleil in the union
army, probably 1,000,000 still survive.
The third charity fair within three These men are all growing old. Few of
them are under lorly years of age; the
weeks, was opened hist night under the vast majority, perhaps, aro over lifty; and
auspices* of Uluo post, of North Topeka, very many are ucnriiii; < r past sixty yrurs.
at 115 and 117 LaureuntBtrcet, a few doors Kuteeblcd Oy wumich r disease, they aro,
west of Kansas avenue. year by year, less able to bear their part in
tho great, battle of life as bravely or as
The audience at the opening was very { Nuce.'ssftilly as I hoy did in the desperate
large, in fact it could not havu been larger j Rtrugiile to |ireserve. the republic.
with the limited accomodations, the people t It should not, !•.. forgotten that i224,:J;0
being packed to illicitly that it was with soldiers vvero di-elmru'<d from tl;o army
because of wounds iif uiseuMi, and that, a |
difficulty that they could move around. far larger number, unislereil out in sceiu-
Tho exercises of tho evening were t'ltttf IWiid health, had contracted tho seeds
opened by musio l>y MarMhall'H Military I of disease which will .shorten their lives
band, wlucli, to North Tupelja's credit bo and enleeiilo their powers. Tho surgeon
it mild, ia a North Topeka institution. of my regiment, a learned and experumeed
Following the music, Chaplain Davis in- [ physician,once said to me that there was not.
voked llio blessing ot Cod on tho e n t e r - ' a man in tho army of the Cumberland who
pri'O, and prayed fur it,n ahundant meas- would not ultimately Huffcr from the ef-
ure of success. After another selection fects of the hardships, exposure and priva-
from the h.ind, Ihe address of the evening , tiouB to which t h a t aruiy was subject.
was delivered hy (iovortiurJohu A. Mar-
tin. It wits as follows: fjaid he: "Two momths of somi-starvntion
l.'uiiirnifa HI '''i« <<ittnd Army: in Chattanooga woro followed by the cold
and desolalo winter campaign In east
In UQininK hi lore you this evening, 1 do Tennessee, and t h a t by tho alternating
nol ccme witli any expectation t h a t 1 can rain, heat and fatigue of tho campaign
say anything to interest or instruct you. against Atlanta; and the strongest und
Line when Comrade Arnold called on me, most healthy men in the regiment will
last Friday* he supulemented his invita- gome <lay suffer from tho effects of such
tion with a statement that my acceptance service.
would promote the object lor which this
fair is liehl, and tliiH aid liluo post of tho Within a year I have rend ac-
Grand Army uf the Republic ill securing a counts of the death of fully u
fund for the relief uf destitute and disabled dor.on soldiers, from the effects of
soldiers. I could licit, resist Mich an ap- wounds received nearly a quarter of a
peal. I am willing, at all lim>v, to do century ago." Aliout two years since a cal-
what, lit s in my pirWer lor such it cause, hiul officer of my own regiment was con-
mid so, busy us I am j i - t now, I to
your l'i rtlival Mi bid t Bpeed hi your
&£§i lincil to his own lied for several Weeks by
the reopening of a wound received at
nuiile wurk, and to give ' ueil •''.'••istaneo us Chirkaiuuuga in 1'8GT Tl»«m are only iso-
1 e;vn to |:i"iuo'.e it. lated in-tances anions thousands, but. they
fairly illustrate the fact I wish to present,
11, in sou,i'l Lees as'tud why so many sol- that the effects of tho war upon W. pins-
diers of tlie l.»li' IH-MI| help ill tin: jiatj
lie of life, and v. ii\ iqi|i"iils in b•.-half of IwtO
ical powers of n vast multitude of soldiers
are just, beginning to be fi it,
the survivor.; ol tin: i n i iinm are growing I dc not join, and never have joi'icd,
mure tnq.ienl as the \e,n< ;;o Uy't lens with thosu who assert that the ,;uverniuont
of thousands ul Mild'e r.-, it is said, are nn and the Ara.iricjn people hnvii f'-PgoUell
the pension roils oi llltl i/uVrriHMl'tlij the ) M*$$, the obligations tl.ey are u m h r to the men
nation has provided i n n f e r t ible and whose patriotism and valor preserved the
republic. As a soldier and an America*
• ^ • ..iMn.MS3Jjfcti«um>wp&?g^'
ft«;:T. ; . V v :'•• "JHI ? ^ 8 P J * * ? J » * W

HnTroi me iaci iiiat The Auditor to tho Governor.

SgWrtfon is*not true. Occasionally, I
fciow, there have been grounds for com- TOPEKA, KAN., March 2,1880.
plaint; occasionally it has seemed that the (lovcrnor John A. J/UWIH. Topeka, Kan:
war and all the noble sacrifices and splen- DKAII Sin—I have received your letter in-
did devotion of our soldiers wero like an closing a letter published in the Kansas City
old, old iitory, growing stale and uninter- Times, of February 7, and calling my atten-
esting- and now and then isolated caseB
can be cited to justify a charge of forget- tion to tho following extracts:
fulness or ingratitude. But the tune baa Speaking of tho state board of pardons,
not beeh„Mid I trust it never will be.wbcn the correspondent says:
it can be trustfully said that any appeal "In accordance with tho law, they havo as-
in behaJf'of. the disabled, destitute and sembled onco each quarter, and np to Feb-
deserving soldiers of the union would bo ruary 1, not yet the close of their first year's
unheeded; M evidence of the truth Of existence, they Imvo^drawn from tho treasu-
this statement, this fair, and those held by ry botwoon $4,000 and $5,000."
the Grand Army posts on tho south side
during the past three weeks, and tho gen- Tho state board of pardons had, up to the
erous patronage the people give to all of firstj day of February, 188C, held four moet-
them may, be cited. ings, viz: Iu April, July and Ootober, 1885,
- There are now on the pension rolls of and January, 188G. The law creating the
the "United States the names of over 200,-
000 soldiers, and over 100,000 soldiers board authorizes its members to "receive as
widows, and during the past twenty-two full compensation, five dollars for each day
years the government has paid to pen- whilo actually and necessarily engaged in
sionerKover $750,000,000. It has pro- such duties, and iu going to and from such
vidednational homes for nearly 10,000 dis-
abled survivors of the war, and these are
meetings, and all actual expenses necessarily
incurred." Tho total pordlom and expenses
being enlarged every year. Sevoral states of tho board, from its organization up to 8
have built, or are building, other homes:
and the people,' acting in their individual tho first of February, wore #tt,'J81.B0, or loss
capacity, have contributed millions of than one-half the amount stated by the
dollars to charities having for their object Tinii's correspondent.
the relief of disabled soldier). In brief, The second extract to which you call my
* no otjier government, no other peoolo, in attontion, is the following:
any age or country, has remembered and
E provided for its defenders, and for tho de-
"The following figures taken from the
books of tho auditor's office show the
pendent relatives of the fallen, with such
abounding generosity. amount of money drawn from tho state
*But thlijftberality, this generous care treasury by tho mombors of the state board
for the su'rnybn of the war, must be con- of charities during 1*8-1, under democratic
tinued' 'for/'ihany years to corao. The administration, and during IXK/i, under re-
heroic men who periled their own UVCB to
Rave,the life of the republic, are, as I have
publican administration: at
said, growing old, and every revolving
year adds to the number of those who are \tnrlin'n lliHinl.
Mllr,tif4't - / V , * / l | V m .

unable to support themselves or provide for

their dependent families. It is not right
I of just that any of these men should be
K. C R i u l k m r
I'liilip Knihn
i,liO s7
$'J1» no
'i"iM no
permitted to suffer the pangs of want. W. H.Crtiinii I ,i7i OO •j-is oo
I A. T . SlmriM. I I7U Ml •j:>s no
They offered all they had—health, ambi- iJiiciil) Nt.iil.,1- I XSS 00 •J7U Of

tion, life itself for the country. No saint
or martiyr ever gave more than tlwy. Thy
government thej people, can nev-rrepay
them, but they can can do something to
tilivk'* HiHinl.

Milfinji; I'rrlHvni.
relieve their necessities, to protect them I H. I., l i i l h o r t ! *'J-"i0 00 $111 00
from want, and to make their declining D. O. McAllislnr 77 13 m oo
years happy with the thought that their AUHIISI 11 ah n 121 JO 1.1 00
services are not forgotten. This is the | tlcMiriri' ItnifiTH 1*11 70 till 00
' AtnriiHt I inn.I i ,M; cio
noble purposes you have in view in organ- I'J 00
izing the fair; this is the inspiration of
those who patronize it; and this, I am glad "From llui above interesting llgures, it
to believe- is a duty which the American will be gleaned that under Governor (Hick's
people wilTidways reoognize and yencrous- administration tho ft ilo board of charities
ly discharge. cost the state £l,.Vi.Vi).'t, and under Governor
Martin they cost Stl.'J.V.M"."
These ligures do not show I III) amount of
money drawn from the state treasury by
} v'r*-'r"W''Vy tho board of trustees of the state charitable
k:. ••*#*$**' V^ institutions during I*"*! and 1SS">. With a
few corrections, tho ligures will, however,
SPIN." V ' " show the anion ills drawn by tho trustees
during the year IWfi alone.
A correct statement of the amounts paid
each trustee during tho year I88r>, is as fol
Gilbert JlfiS SI
Auwst Hahn
Qeorua (!, Hod IIITM
HIS 50
1115 70 MARCH 7*188&
D. O. McAllister 113 (J llondi 711 00
Total $71* 113
On tlio rali of February, 1885, Messrs. S. L.
Gilbert, Ausuat Hiihn, Goo. C. Rodgers and
August Bondi, were succeeded by A. T . A S0LDIEB AND CXVILTAN'3 AMBITI01
Shnrpe, l'hilip Krolm, Chaa. E , Faulkner TOLLY REALIZED.
und Jacob Stotlor, nnd o n the 1st of April,
188T)j D . <). McAllister wua succeeded by
Win, 8 . Crump. Moaara. (lilbert, Hahn, Governor Martin as SoHllor, Rilltor i»nil Clilol
Rod«era and Bondi, tlioroforo, served only
ono month and tivo days during the year 'KxoouUvD-A Wonderfully llinrjr unci S u e
lrWfi. whilo Mr. McAllister aerved only three r«fHMl\l) Ofllehil C u r o o r — T l i l r l y - O v n Oltlcos
montha, and tho 11 mi res above uiven were Held In Twentr-nlnn Yearn—The New IClm-
drawn I y them during that period. ment In AilJusliiiK Labor DlfJtcultlo* Sue-
Tno amounts drawn by their successors I cessl'iilly Tried Uf Ilia ObVornor* of Kmv
during the calender year IWfp, were as fol- SH» mid Missouri.
Jacob SI oiler ."...$ 1,11*1 41)
Philip Krolm '.l|M N7
V„ K. Faulkner 745 411 {Written for tht Kanna* City STeMM.f. <
W.S.I trump K02 U) Colonel John A. Martin, tho present ROV-
A. T. Sharp V:i7 IX)
oriior of Kansas, canto U> tho stalo just as
Total $|,'j!| r>7 tho euinpultfn on I heso blood-stalnoil plains
The period covered by those payinenta in- was ooinlnir to a eloao. Tho bottlo had been
clude* nearly cloven montha for Messrs.
Stollcr, Krolm, Faulkner and JSharpe, and foiiKhl ami tho victory substantially won.
nine montha lor Mr. Crump. When tho llrst premonitory symptoms of
The h'Kialnt are of lSf-Zi iualruelud the board tho mighty upheaval woro vlslblo ho was >
of truateea of stale charitable institutions working at. tho "CIIHO" and IOOUII/IIIR on ft GO
to locate ami build a aoldicra' orphans' home, |
and to visit and perannally inspect all locali- small count rypnpor in Pennsylvania. Whim
ties offorillif a site for (hia iiialitution: to tho battle for prohibition was fouirht und
select a sile and let a c.outrnct for a new aay- won In tho republican party,und It had boon
luin for feeble minded youth at Winfield, decided nfter tho lleroost In or ml strtitt-
Cowley county; to build It lurtfo addition to (rlo thai tho party hail boon eiigiiixml In any
tho insane asylum at Topeku: and to erect
additions to1 tho insane asylum at Osnwut- statu, Colonel Martin stopped to tho front
ouiio, the deaf and dumb asylum at. Olilthe, us tho standard boaror of his party, anil
and tlio state reform school at Topclcu. Tho was triumphantly olootoil Rovornor. Homo
duties thus di vnlved on the board of trustees men have the faculty of bolnjr born at t.ho t
of stati! charitable institutions were in addi-
tion to their ordinary duties, and the per- rlKht time imil nppoiirlnff Just whom thoy '
formance of them involved a number of Bhoiihl. Others
extra meetings u'nd a lurtfiiamount of travel.
Chanted of realure by dlssembllnn nature. i
The law of |S7:t, crcnlinu' Hie board of trus-
tees, l u e s their pay at "three dollars per
dtein, ami uulcnue at tho ralo of ten cents
Doform'd. unllnlshd. sent In-fore their lima
Into this broaihiiu.' world. score© half inndo
per mile for actual distance (raveled by I he ii|i,
most practicable and direct route." Tho
amounts paid tho trustees of slate charitable
)Uia.-uUw«inli^)'Auivt«WrilQn!vhlr< - s
institutions lor the calendar years IW4 and That the doi;s hark at them.
ItWi were It* follows: Soiuo ill'ii always woleomo irui'Hts. Thoy
I'XI.IMDAU YKAH IWM, nnrry Ki""' <hoor with thorn alwayn. Thoir i
AIIKUHI Holm $ 57170 picMoneii luiiiKH ri'HtfulnoHS and liwht.
Mi Miihmey ISO |,(] 01 horn cast a chill Instoail of tho tflow of
A.T. SliariM. |:w 10
]),(). McAlliNh.r 575 110 KiniHliino iimr contcnliuout whornvor thoy
August Homli IDS Ml jfo. Some ponplo can always nmkn room in
H. IJ. Illll*>r« *I5 10
(Icoruol'. Ki-ucrs NrtT Ml u crowded oinnibiis. Ofhora aro always In
the way and woiibl crowd a toll acre lot by
Total $3,UJt 10 their own prnsi'tieo. Colonol John A. Mar-
I'\I,I',MI,M; viau iss.ri. tin had thotfntilUHto lm bora uiidor It lucky
S. | * (iilbcrl S |iW 110 hlnr. Ho Is always WIUIIIMI. la novor In tho
AiiKiist Holm M* M>
AumiHt llondi 7:i 00 way. uinl has I ho «ood lortuno to Kcnerally
(iiMtruc l'. Itourrs Irt5 70 iinivo at tho lijthftliiii) and In tho rijrhl
D.l). MeAUi-liT IM III
A. 1'. S l u m - 7:17 Ml place. Had ho conic hi luiusiw with IJolh
Jacob Sloll.T I,n:il) 40 Insoii and Lane and Tolonol Anthony. !io
l'hilip Krolm UW H7 would hnvo been but 15, hardly
C. K. l-'iuilkiiiT 715 40
W. S i rump «i« 00 old oooup.h lo millKlo in the!
Total $I,'.I81 50 Ilcrce nolilllfts of Iliinw early ilnyH. lie w«m
I have the honor to be, your*, very truly but. II) when ho canio ami sWUlliU 111 Atchi-
son. Ho has always donn iv man's part.
Auditor of State. Hoy no ho was ln» lit onco eoiumcncod to
tnUouptho burdens of niniiliood and 1111
^Tisimrcno uiKUditbi-shlP
has ",^
mmt |Runuv. ^ —-fi oi
and in the and odltoismi'I'.'r t
S^JJSBSSK Bodputh's
ier;ihDonippaQ county. In tho anting
Mart In..Of
of Colonel Martin, u 41 YJ»™ , B rtu0 u,
ui WJJ,
Its freshness, brilliancy piquancy, Is du<
Noble L. Prentiss, who has developed won
. 1868 t e bought out tho Squatter Uover- derfully In tho last fifteen yours as editor,
^<jn;'oKange«fv* name to tho Vhampion and .orator and lecturer and who If ho had pos-
has always owned and controlled the paper sessod Colonel Martin's level head, ids
since. But it awaa not a life of ease and sound judgmont, his earo of tlnnnees, ids
"comfort tnat tho boy editor courted or had inothouleal business ways, an«l hadniuvried
obtainedTOWOinliw to Kansas after the a rich wlfo would longslnce have surpassed
'" hwfwlfte earlier cyoloulo porlod had his chief. No doubtQOvornor Martin would
Boiea^f^Boonitho fevorboratini echoes of glvo ninety days of his governorship for tho
humptefs guns Wqre heard all over the ability to write such rt lecture, editorial or
rfdf?<*Ebey roiled up above, the Alleghon- speech as FrontlsB In his Insplrutioiial mo-
is and across the gtfeat Interior states and meats Is oapabla of throwing out from ids
it upon the'-blllowy prairios of Kansas ocund and fortlle braip.
relied into agrandlohorus that sttiTod the WANTRO TO BK (tOVT.nSOR.
ids- of tho pioneer! of UaJiiipul8os
freedom and of moved
BUOh \ John A. Martin wanlod to bo governor.
oust M o u r n i n g doslr- In wantod it bad. It was tho stimmunv
^ o a u s o in whM tonura of his political aspirations. He
iojnethTug lor m~& •lovor aspired to anything nijrhar; nnvor
- ^ BOlTsOfc&IBB. really wantod anythlug else. HIB polltloal
t ' ,'• ' Ihough* and hopes woro all centered In
ir oFt861 bo assisted In or- tbis ono office. He ta.Bupreraoly content
raaix nA.^iihffi-^tanBas and wasap- ind Buporlativoly happy In his office. Ho
JeutMnSSsWmel. He was then s tho only man I have over known who has
$2* &*^mk. regiment served on [obtained all that he went niter and can
^ f r l ^ r ^ d u i E g the fall and truthfully say: " l a m content." Ho Is Clio
TvriRBl'n«ter serving for a time as only man whom tho politicians could safely
trust in the gubernatorial ohair. Every
man, except Martin, who has aehloved tho
governorship has cast yoomtnu: desires and
It was attached w«Uv, longing looks to the United States senator-
irelTB* command in Tonne ship. Fully one.half of tho pooplo of tho
bseqdently throughout tho w. slate thought Robinson should be in the
fftte army of the OumborlMxdj, senate when he was governor. Cumey
Colonel Martin was proMoted] would havo been elected If ho had bided
ftelsfclp, oU m regtmeuUn, No* his time, and not allowed ids friends to
JeYSor-tbtt year ana son-ed-fts/provost elect him when thoro was no senator to bo
ihafof Nashville from Novetfbfer, 180J, elected. Even Crawford, as unambitious
fjtoifi, 14863. -His . w a * ' . $ , flght- as he has always Boomed to be, suffered his
i'ftjglment'^frqm the" start, fonder his friends to use his namo tor .the senator-
m i l P i t i p k DartXrt the battlos of Tor- ship, and but tor certain potential reasons
lUp-juad'Lanoastor,. &;£,' tho dampalgn would havo boon elected. Harvey was
jairiBi^TTallahoma and TOhntlanonga. the elected ono term senator. Osborn e.imo
^ t l e q f Chipkainauga, the slogu of Chutla- so near it that ho got a holler thing, minis-
4a6oga,"Ch'e storming of Mission Bldge, the tor to Chill and promotion to Brazil.
Campaign InEast Tennessee in the win tor Anthony was a very dangerous man in tlto
i©f 1863-4, the campaign from Chattanooga gubernatorial chair, so dangerous 1 hut lite
fto Mutnraap'lh the pursuit of Hood north-l politicians couldn't suffer his presence
>vard,/-'-0n the second day of tho great bnt-l there but one term—the senate was loo
" '"t-CblotamaugaColonel Martin com-| near. A harmless III tie trade, entirely
gaWe.Thlrd brlgado, First division, proper, In which St. John ran for tub i hird
iS^gfitfetb army corps. During ,th« slogo term (left tho saint Without any show for
f of Chattanooga tula foroo was led by, him. the Honutorshlp or anything else in Kansas
if:From August 4,1864, till his muster out at polities. Failure of tv-o|eitlon deprived
Kl?ulaski r Tenn. r November 17,1804, Colonol (Hick of any hope of tho foinlor-ihip. So
Martin .commanded the First brigade they have all wanted It. 'the ben has
Third- diyi^toni Fourth army corps. The buzzed in tho bonnet of lUem all. .Martin
semcBB of the boy soldlor were consplcu- ts the only man who will f|i»H wltii a sue-
:qua,Wtmea,'bri!Uiant, always leyol-houd-
eu, pdol; 'nnimpos^ioned and deliberate.
T35HfL-'Kfr-TtJ(Utor and public official -ho has
usually displayed the same traits that wero Hon were In a certain sense the product of
discernable In his career as a soldier, and a political necosHlty-the outc.fme of i
to my blind oontlrm the estlmato Henntor political oxlgonoy. Tho party wnsront
Ingallsopce gave me o f John A. Martin: with disputations' concerning proWblUon !
•He is the most hjvel-moadod odltor In tho ri o leaders were opposed to Tnoorporntli.g
state." He has- made mlstakos. flo has t In dogma Into the party creed They I
been timid;at times when ho should havo g £ 9 « £ l l '""l no right In the U 1 ty-n no I
been aggressive, and belligerent when ho articles and confession of political filth I
should have been consorvatlvo and uau*
tioufl,*but all In all his Judgments havo been numh, , t J , i,\ bt n r °" ff, ; 8t f , r o o ( H oi tlm power of t
-.earer'correct as an editor as to time and nuniheisin a party was tho final adontlon
to 'quality of his estimates. of men and by the party w na11 m Kansas of prohibitionil
isuos than those of any Journalist in Kun- mdiLieaiT
political leader . who *P wl»tfoV«»opn\m1nent
favored prohibition as
i&.' Betumlng from tho wars with the A political
|ft|' " ' "question
" " " i ™ or or who who did did not
not re«
ell earned fame of a soldlor, his posses- its introduction Into party platforms, tit.
ion by right of winning, ho resumed <wm- John of, courso, excepted. Senators Ingnlla
.jrfQlof his paper, the- Atchison Champion, and Plumb, Iloprosontntlvcs Anderson. Has-
which had been left In charge of Senator kell and H van all regretted that It hud boon
angalls and Chief Justice Horton, lessees, adopted ns a party shibboleth. Tho Thoch-
'a,paper at all times brilliant during this era. ti. U. and Dwlght, though strong tem-

S period, occasionally erratic, but always

loadable, instructive and entertaining,
»nd on March 22,1865, tho Uj-st number of
perauen men. would hardly havo led off
i) a tight to make prohibition the oardina. difficulties. Tho Knights of Labor, per-
point in party ethlos. The editors of the haps tint most thoughtful, conservative and
loading papers, dally and weekly, Baker, host inforuiod labor organization yetforiuod
Anthony, Murdock, Martin. John ,A.j as tho outgrowth and product of the oooso-
HI id Martin. George W., Miller, loss oonillct botwoen labor aid the accumu-
all protested against prohibition as lations of labor, havo adopted this princi-
an Integral part ot party ethlos. But It came ple It Is perfectly fair and ought always to
into tbo platform and, like Jonah's gourd, It be welcomed us a happy solution ot diffi-
swallowed up all the others. It became, not oulties of tho gravest charootor. By it
vMiily part of the platform, but the platform' labor that has its rights—and God knows
'itself. At a peculiar junction and crisis of KasaunVrod Its wrongs long enough—nays
rtlio party the logic of the situation showod to capital: "Wo will meet you half way. In a
Jhat John A. Martiu should bo the nominee, fairly constituted court wo will arbitrate our
is convictions at that tlmo were of course jdlffloultles." It (novates labor to an equal-
i harmony with thoso of the loaders on the ity With capital, but suitors nelthor to bo
inhibition quostlou and In opposition' tyrant unit oppressor of tho other. On
icroto. ThusI t was an easy matter to give j rock It will yot bo seen that Governor
10 rank and file the platform and the lead* rtln bus "buildod wiser than ho knew."
H take the candidate The result shows rnilBONATi UIHT011Y.
at the numbers triumphed; the party got SGovornor Martin will bo 47 years old on
o platform and the candidate also. The, March 10. Ho will retlro from (he public
..ual change in the minds of publlo mr- 'iorvloo at the ngn of IP—(|iilto early lor a
n publio questions is something ourlo„. Midler, n two-term governor, a man really
nd phonoiuonal. Moved by the mighty Im iu tho prime of physical vigor and intellec-
iulso of the peoplo loaders arc lrrosletlhrj tual growth. But so tho fates seem to do-
ushod onto the .Ladoptipn _j>f ores and the understandings confirm 'and
was . possible require this result. Hull, if MM Blaino
1ceviotuy^' should bo elected hi 1888, Governor Mar-
em to adopt. Lincoln first doolarsd I tin would reasonably expect first class rep-
o union simply. Ho would, save slavs; resentation In tho diplomatic sendee, as ho
with the union or the union without slave ha* l o n g boon t h e trtvat onr.uplcuouc rcpro-
JiUthor 'oOTnmonoed simply to protest sontallvo ot the Plumed Knight In Kansas,
(against some ot the praotloos of the ohurobJ and as a member ot tho national committee
31 o claimed to be a dovotoo of the ohuroh; perhaps In all tho states west ot the Missis-
11 tho tlmo.' Ho ended as a horotlo in tin sippi river. Governor Martin for a
°»i*rUt of tho ohu'rdh. Tho btalhs o t t h o r e score or more of years has
amulluan party, with John A. Martin In the, held more olUcos ot loss value
-limit, protested .against. prohibition. Tlv or importance than any man in Kan-
Dirty ended with prolub.uou. Just ho sas'. 'In was nominated for tho legislature
fiirtln has grown Into it lis oun hardly to September, IHM, but declined, not being
lmself. Ho has executed t h e law tr of legal ago. In tho sumo year he was
-Humo, no hotter, no worse than his prod' elected a delegate to tho territorial froe
feasors hi ofltco, Gllek und St. Jolm. It" state convention. In the spring of 18">0ho
too early now.Co Judge of Governor Ma was elect nd a delegato to tho state con-
Liu's administration. On prohibition be, vention that organized tho republican
\m rapport with his party. Ho does not* -party In Kansas, and was chosen chairman
tend the state ahull return to the lloei of tut*, county committee. July, tN!>t», ho
^ystom. Statutory prohibition must bo the was elected secretary of tho Wyandotte
rule in Kansas. To this tho party In Raw constitutional convention. December <l of
sas is committed, and tin ough alow proo- tho sumo year he was elected state senator,
snstMW Oovornor Mnrtin, D. R. Anthony; F. when barely Ul years of age. Ho was
SP. Buker. M. M. Murdouk and Hoi Mijlor probably the youngest senator who ever
Jiuvo been oduoatod. , and brought served in Kansas or any other state. In
^ip to this standard. " I n w« March, IMIIO, ho was elected a delegate to
gnarly part of his administration quite a-se- tho slate convention to choose delegates to
|*rlous difficulty appeared with tho em. tho national convention at Chicago. The
ployes of tho Missouri Paoillo and Its em» state convention chose him ns one of (lie
Stloyors. The governors of Kansas delegates to Chicago. .September '2H he
jMlssoiul wore Important factors In sotl_ delivered the address welcoming William
3 heso difficulties fa a juetor and mora h II. Seward to Atchison. October 17
pnoulous manner than they have over 1 he wus u delegato and secretary of
store boon adjusted. To Governor Mai, tho state railroad convention held
amoro than any one else, I think, Is duo t b at TopeUa. Juno 7, ItSOl, he entered
acrodlt of first formulating tho prlnolplo o upon his duties as postmaster at
rbitrutlon loan Importantconflict botwee&j Atchison. Seplemlvr 10 ho was appointed
.bor "&hd capital,. Political economist*!1 lieutenant colonel of tho Eighth Kiuisas.
d f/olillcal phttospplicrs havo long speou-" March IU, ISIRJ, ho was appointed provost
atou upon methods of adjustmont when marshal ot Leavenworth. November 1 ho
ho. relations between labor and capital be- wns promoted to tho colonelcy of Ihcrcgi-
come strained. The Oordlan knot seems to iiieul.. Dooember 10, lMII'J, ho was appointed
be untied and n fortunItoussolution reached provost miirshnl of Nashville. Duoombcr
by moans of arbitration. During the last iBliU, ho was oloctod commander iu chief of
twouty-flvo years great progress has been the state encampment, of tho G. A. It.
made In the development of a higher and March 120. 1H08, ho was elected a delegato
purer civilization by referring to a oourt of to tho Chicago national republican conven-
arbitration groat International questions. tion. September, 1870, he was a deb-gate
It was mete and proper that our to tho republican stale convention. August
country, wherein Is being buildod a 'J4 ho was appointed oonleunlol commis-
new and more splendid civilization sioner. In 18V.J ho was chosen delegate to
than tho world has yot witnessed should the Philadelphia national convention, and
Inaugurate and apply this wise und benefi- by the convention was appointed a member
cent principle. The settlement of tho diffi- ottho national coiumlttoo. In September
culties botwoen tho- railroad employes and of tho same year Im was secretary pro tern
employers created little oommont at the of tho state convention. In 1871 he was
tlmo and the principle by which thoy were a delegate nnu secretary of the state con-
adjusted was hardly referred to, but not vention. Ho wns elected a director of tho
state historical society and has ever sinco

S U i h e o i u w ; wasaiso treasurer in j«vu, from Atohlson, yesterday favoreu a UOJ
rf^'nteaident in 1877 and president m 1878. MONWEAi/rn reporter with his views on the sit-
• S l f f i j he was vice president of the uation in that city, as follows: vj^
•riS*iS 4tiit«8 centennial commission. In
M 6 h e % elected a member of the state Q. What is the situation at Atchison? "^
lt«B no vyno f t n e national homes A. It is, in many respects, a very strange
l? oa 5fa?hfflSPdiora which 6ffloo he still situation. I had soveral talks with the com-
tho state editors' and publishers' associa- inittoo representing the strikers. They
tton E?om 1800 to 187^ ho was secretary stated to me that they had no local griev-
of the norSem Kansas district fair asso- ances which they could not adjust satisfac-
K l n W & m O ho was oleotod mayor of
torily with the local officers of the company.
hArTf thc^owd of education and president A few complaints were made, but all of them
ofthot,cK!b.'1867. In 1884 ho was woro such as would be inevitable in the re-
0l lations existing between a railroad company
He?e a r e S i r t y - n v e offices that Govern-
o S t i n b a f n e f e during the last twenty- and a largo body of employes. I had several
nine' veara ^He got his work In early. Tho talks, also, with Superintendent Fngan, and
Sfflcial record commences as soon a* he ar-
Xed-attheaffeotlil. In fact, as already ho statod that, up to tho date of the strike ho
Sited; he was nominated for the tegislaUure had, so far as he knew, satisfactorily adjust-
S a 6 " h e T w o s 21 years old. It U» a long ed nil grievances presented to him, after a
•loovS of pSrtrtte and useful .discharge 6]
^wJiS t r u s t s G o v e r n o r Martin married full and frank conference with the commit-
tee representing tho employes of the com-
^uffiun L. Obaillss of Atchi»on. June11. pany.
aUltnco was a t fortunate
ispeot. . It brought to QOT- Q. What is tho fooling among tho em-
1 ployes of tho company':
f . the pleasures and ad van t
eduoation and an accomplish .
A. It differs materially from that existing
a year ago. Then the committee represent-
ig with tho attending influence
oletr and soolal culture supplj init the strikers woro prompt, emphatic and
or-Martin la not a pufcllo apea&M earnest in staling and urging tho wrongs
good writer, especially In de scriptfvJi they complained of, aud their statements
It is unfortunate tor him or any
public man not to be an impromptu L wero sustained just us earnestly by tho em-
I cor. hot to be able to think and express f ployes iioiierally. Now tho committeo discuss
f yself on the floor. Mr. Blaine In his
d • Volume in his analysis, or mors grievances with apparent doubt and hesita-
"'peaking, dissecting and roasting tion, as if they wero not exactly certain that
liorjs too noted German orator they had ronl wrongs to complain of. I
oV-says: • .. found, also, that many of the employes re-
atorho did not meet the oxpoota-
friends. His failure was In large gretted the strike, and expressed the opinion
> the fact that he has not the power, that it might have been, and ought to have
g extempore. He requires careful j
ms preparation and has novor been avoided.
JLXtotofT-hund PHriUmcntwry Q. What is tho public sentiment regard-
which Colonel Benton )ikeno<
ig'on tho wing." fro. deflclent is , ing the strike?
Schurz in
t f tthis
f Went that h« has been know] A. Generally as unfavorable as it was
to use a manuscript in an after-dlnnor rw
sponte, a style of spoooh whoso chief mors last year friendly. Last year the
consists in ha spontaneity, with apt roforensi
-to Incidents which could not possibly bo for**
H06Q *?*••
people wore prompt and earnest in
rocogni/.iug the fact that tho em-
^Governor Martin rosemblos Carl Schuts'l ployes of tho company had been unfairly
' lis respeotr without tho great German and unjustly dealt with, and sympathy with
T/S power of written oratory. As gov*
or Colonel Martin la giving excellent | tho demands of tho strikors was docp and
.uafaction to his party rrlonds. Ho has almost universal. Then tho public woro
d his party on the one disturbing ol»« willing to submit to tho annoyances and
that threatened its dissolution lu Ktuy
A la receiving fow orltlclsms as y&t evou the losses resulting from tho strike, if
S opponents. Hla brother editors of thereby tho wrongs of which thu strikors
imocratio persuasion will chastlos complained could bo redressed. Now tho
ore in lavjfcfhan In anger. It con be J
, aafely.asflomod that In this instance^ people generally, and the business men in
lost they,*!!! always "tell tho truth." particular, aro complaining bitterly about
".'" KICKINO BUIDJ the obstruction of tho lines of transporta-
tion, and the resulting losses and demorali-
sation. I find, too, that almost universally
JHfc Cnmmgnfa^It);. the question is askod: -"If tho employes of
tho company had wrongs to redress, why
did they not appeal to tho law? Gur state
ArqrjRSDArMOItNINO MAHCanf^~ | has provided a legal method for seltliug
such troubles, and it ought to lie appealed
HE, Martin on th« Situation In AtcUl- }
Q, Hut our law cannot apply in the set-
Governor tlement of labor troubles originating in
&/.*•< c W n o r Martin, who has ju-t returned I other stales?
ty-t V
A—No, it cannot. But at the same time
V ;**fc •„•.•,•
mm '.;'. .•<, •:•'• .J\:-'V*^
•5 >.*'' -A**'
e appealed to tor tne uujusiment'
grievances or wrongs of which Kansas work j concerned, i vmnK tnis siriKe is one of
ingmen complain, and it seems to mo that those described by Grand Master Powderly,
the people of Kansas, having, through their I as one of the nine cases out of ten in which
representatives in the legislature, provided a I thero was no necessity in Kansas for a strike.
just and adequate law for the arbitration of In other words, it is a case in which the
labor troubles, ought not to bo annoyed and strength of tho order is abused, and the
injured in their business, their commerce effect of such action is to injuro the organi-
and their industries, by quarrels originating s a t i o n . This is apparent in tho look of pub-
e >in other states. Kansas has done her duty jlio sympathy with the strikers, and in tl e
' in providing what the workingmen demand, {discontent nnd grumbling among the mon
r 'viz., legal arbitration, nnd Kansas working- themselves nt tho order issued. During the
strike of last year, publio sympathy was
* rmeu should recognizo this fact aud act upon
overwhelmingly with the strikers, and the
ion wore as united as they were earnest.
^ Q—What do the Knights of Labor Ray?
INOW publio opinion deplores tho action of
1 A—Excopt as I havo hoard individual
•the men nnd fails to recognize the necessity
members of that organization express them-
Ifor a strike, and mnny of the men who nre
selves, I have no means of knowing. But I
lout Aro discontented, or nt least lack heart
heard several members of tho order express
|or spirit in the movement inaugurated.
jthe opinion thnt there could bo no good ron-
Q.—How aro the men behaving?
t o n for a "strike" in Kansns because of
s;wrongs or grievances in Missouri or Texas. A.-r-With remarkable sobriety, good tem
L'The members of that order understand that II w and good order. They nro quiet, pence*
the laws of Kansas already embody nearly I Wo and Rolf rosnocting. They say that they
* ovary demand mado by their organization. do not intond ti violnto nny law. Their
I jTho Knights of Labor demand of tho states committee assurld mo thnt they had not and
eleven things. Of theso, our laws provido woald not forcibly obstruct the movements
J for the following: [of trains. Thoy Lloclarcd that tho trains
First—For tho establisbmuut of a bureau iweronotrunningyimply boennso the com-
l o t labor statistics.
,o Second—Measures for tho health and pany had no mon Willing to run them, and
|; safety of those engaged iu manufacturing not bocnuso the/ (l.c strikers) hnd forcibly
j | and mining, etc. or illegally obstructed tho rood. They are
3 Third—Tho recognition by Incorporation guarding the c o m r W o properly against
of trades' onions and other associations of
1 the working masses. loss or dnrnngo as cnVofolly as if it was thoir
Fourth—Giving mechanics nnd laborers a I own. ^.
3 first lien upon the products of their labor.
Fifth—Legal arbitration.
So far as other domands mado in tho plat- THE S0LD1EK STATE.
form of the Knights of Labor- aro con-
oernod, some of thorn ore beyoud tho con- !•
. Letter to Commander Bnrdett from Gov-
trol of a state govornmont. But nearly all ernor alartln Showing Whit Kansas
3 essential and spociflo demands of tho order Ha*\ Done for the Brave De-
are already rocognizod by our laws, and, in fender* at the BepnbUe
addition, the homestead exemption law, em- i—Newt Notes, Ktc
bodied in our constitution, protects the
homes of our workingmon against seizure
Torino, M e lT.-lBpeclaLl The foveroor to-
or alienation. In brief, tho laws of Kau- day addressed \bc following self-explanatory Utter
ris, so far as tho interests of workingmon to 8. S. Bardett
are concornod, aro more liberal, and afford KXECUTlvi DSriRTXSNT, «TAT1 or K>«ses, I
more guarantees of protection nnd justice \ TorsKA.Jone 10, IBM. I
than thoso of any other stato of tho Union. 8. 8. Burrtett, e*q., Commander In Chief Ottnd
Army of tho ItApubllc, Washington, D. C.
Q. What do tho railroad officials say 8in:-Yoor letfy of tbe IStb olt.. requesting a
about tho striker1 statement of wha\ has been dono by too stale oi
Kansas, "tbrongh Jrovtslon msdo by the U|lslatlye
A. I havo hoard nothing front thorn offi- authorities, Iu sld o\ the eorvlvort of the armies on
cially, and have talked only with Superin- Ibo Union, who participated In «be war of v i m
hellion, or for Ihe wlicwt snd orphan*, or for other
tendent Fngnn. Ho is very reticent, but in- dependent r*t*tive*.S»aeduly received. In reply,
formed mo thnt ho hud instructions to do the following tarn an presented: ,..•._..
In \W! tho legielaluTu pa*»cd »n sol, declaringis
nothing without orders from the head-quar- follow*: "That ihetUln borchy provide* for lhe
ters of tho company. I do not know what care snd in«inlenamouiid etiucallcu of allorpnana
tho policy of tho company is, orwill be. aud miuor children, w»o, by roeion of VJ* dtelh or
service of th* parental or oaiurul protectoti in ino
Q. Whnt Hiiggrstion would you make military isrvlce of (tie United • tatci. dorlog lbs
concerning tho trouble? Uie w«r, Io aoy volnntoer rcKimeni. be.ioi/ or DM-
islion, by eulmmcnl frceit tb»» elite, hire be«u so-
A.—I would advise tho chief executive offl. orlved of fee means of inch rare, inslnteoance' ana
cors of tho Knights of Labor to como bore at education; provided, ThW act not apply In **£«•«
Uonittfter ihoOtuday of April, ito, or to minors
onco and rovoko the orders issued by tho Se- over the aae of 18 years." '
dalia committee, at lonst so far as Kansas is Other .ectlooi provided thil tb* Htalo anlversltv,
|Ul« Normal lebool, sod Slat* Agricoltaial col-
lose iliould each "rccelf. maintain »nd
_ cfitldrcn, upon me terma and conditions pre* Clty or Alcnison fAh&fee, a-
bed In thla acts" tbat the gorernor fhould ap-
»«rlUe- beanttful tract of' land overloo Oitssourl
point ia board of commissioners "for the care of the rlvorand embracing iflOacree and- ilao tirOOOla-;
Jestltute orpbaneand children of tbe anldlora of
deatlti cash. The building will probabl]y be ready for the
'the atate of Kinees;" and that the regenta of the reception of orphan children by tthe 1st ot January.
State university, Normal achool and Agricultural prox.
college should "receive, maintain and educate all I need not tell you that Kansaa Is preeminently
children placed In their caro by the board of com- a soldier state. Occupying, as yon do, tbe exalted
missioner*, and ahall receive therefor a sum not posltlon at the head of the Grand Army of the be Be-
exceeding W per week." It waa further provided ubllc, you have before you facta, flgurea and (la-
that "all bills and accounts, made under tills act,
chould be sustained l>y affidavit, and approved by flallcatocatabl'ah tlita. I refer to thla only** an
assurance tbat the capacity or tho "Soldier*'or-
the cdmtnlssloncrs, tbe governor and atato auditor, phan*' bnmc" will be enlarged from lime to time, to
find paid b» the atate treaaurer ont of any mooevs meet nil demands for room for Inil Tout orpbau
In the scat?treasury not otberwlaa appropriated." cbildren ot tbe defendor* of tbe republic.
I have not been able to ascertain that any tbiug At tbe special session ot itKo, auouiur law wa«
was done to carry out the provlalooa of thla act,. II passed by the legislature, entitled "An act rebating
had reference, ton will observe, only to tbe orphan* to the appointment and employment of persons
and minor children of soldiers who enlisted In Kan-
sas regiments or batteries, or wbo were born prior who served and have been honorably discharged
to the 9th day of April, 1888, and It did not apply to from tbe array and navy of tbe United States.' I
minora over the age or id yeara. It I* provable, Inclose you a full copy of thla law, which provide*
therefore, that these limitations reduced the num- that tho living soldiers shall have J u t official
ber of orphans or minor cbildren entitled to the] recognition. Voura very truly,
bounty of tho atate, and • whose JOHN A. MAX-TIN,
er*nta or protectora were onablo *to ruam-
K 6 tin and educate tbem, to such a small number i
I that no applications wore cvor made lo tbe commie-
| alonera to make provision for the care, mainte-
nance and education of orpbana or minor children |
| of soldiers. Hen«e, It aeema that thla law waa ,
largely a dead letter on the etatnte book, and aa It
waa enacted nineteen yeara agu it la nqw, by reaaon
of the limitation embodied In tbe proviso I have
quoted wholly, .Inoperative. •>• ' i
•In 1883, the newspapers of the state presented
and advocated a proposition to take a cenfue of all
soldiers living In Kansas. The legislature'of 18*1 ,
made provision for such enrollment, and this work
was done by the township and city assessors la I he Atehlsett I M w y '.»
1883, and again In 1885. Tbo retorna of the assess-J
era wore comptrev>by the connty clerki'nrtbe »uv- ] *•* Ttoelr B*«pe«t* to Tw» of
eral counties, and by tbeni transmitted loth* adjn- f
'tant general of the state. Tbe legislature of ltMB (Brand omeer*.
I made an appropriation for tho clerical work neces-
sary to record the name of each soldier residing In
.Kansas, and this work la now m progress, Tbo | JAn laiereatfng
5 names are being recorded In books aapeclally pre-
pared for that purpose, and tbeae records, when j
clrclei yesterday ,
completed, will give tbe poetofflce addresa of every olltjof Qrjm Ifym
Midler uow.llvlag In Kansas, the regiment and
mpany In Which
company which he
Grand Secretary" drerEuge
he served, his rank, and tbe
h» enllstod, The records for eight Del* of the Brothl*
states,'vtc., KaaiaaVnilpele, Indiana, 6 8 0 , Michi-
gan, New York, Minnesola and Wlleooeln, are now
jethpltted.' Oyqr .flOjr-OOname* •*•*»• oeptlon tendered
4«« them injbe ev
relurt, ,ard of'these over TD.OOO are soldier*
*rpt» Ullnola, over 10,000 from Kansas, ovef »,0f0 Apollo' bill." The d^gulsued
from Indiana, and over W)fio from Ohio. It la be-
llaved that more than 100,000Union sold ers tow re-1 men arrived on tte r^eltfanta *>
wide n thla state, and that nearly every regiment In
the, service baa representailves In Kansas. The
at 5:86 p. m- diret^mfcoeAngel;
purpose of the enrollment thus made I* to enable | ^ p e n l e ^ ' ^ tntlr.^-jfc' They •
aoldlera to aaoertalo, on application to tbe adjutant
general, the poatofflce address of surviving com-
rades whoinay be living In thla state. ;>-
net at the depot V » •P #oW ™*
At the regular aeaaion of 1880 two law* were committee, cbniUting or Eugene
passed—one to provide for honorably discharged ax- fa. p. galUbtityJWk/JohDJon,
union soldiers; sailors and marines who may here-
after die without leaving n e n i to defray funeral Maiden, J. #)Sfoer,'E. Gibson,
expenses, and to provide headstones to mark their
graves, and the other to establish a aoldlera'
ant,If. Wexneg^ndJ. V-P**
orphans' home, and for tho govortnent and mala- illroad Centre I&g? Nojt, « f
taluance thereof,x and making an appropriation
therefor. :i^> - > 'the'BirattVtrhtori Wg«nui
'I send you a full copy of the first mentioned act.
It provides, as yon will see, that tbe old veterana ^Broth^t^1^m^;,C
who won tbe battlea of the Union, but failed In the
uneven battle of life, sbail have bonorable bdrlal at
trodueod by M* Clark, who bad me]
the expense of the public. -party at Topeka. *• v'"- ' ' •}•
The aecond act, that providing for tbe establish-
ment of a'soldiers'orphans' home, declare* that
The reception' "at tbe hall « u pa&Jlc,
"said aoldlera' orphans' borne shall bo un institu- and drew out a large attendance of .-the
tion for the nurture, education and main-
tenance, ' Without charge, for all in- firemen'and their ladles, besides many
digent children of aoldlera who served In citizens. Plremen were present ftom
the army or navy of the Union during i ho lalo re
bellion, and wbo have been disabled from wound*
or disease, or who have alncc diod in Iml.icnt c.r-
aobordloate lodges all over Kansas, Ne-
cumsiancea, and other Indigent orpuan r
children of braska and Missouri, and the affair^ ,fe-
the atato."
y-,Tble home haa been located at the city of Atehl- garded as a red letter evet?J. . • ^ , .
eon, and the building la now In uroyress of erec-
tion. The plana have been prepared to accomo-
The proceedings were opened by Phil-
date about 800 Inmates, In a building about ifcli foot lips1 Band. B. B. Clerk presided, and
la length, with an average wldtb of aometb ugovrr
fifty feet and four finished stories, but tht present after prayer by. Rev.£ B^MuUonUn-
appropriation, 130,000, will only udmit of boUdlng
one about 108 feet lo length, wltb *ccqmmoda|lnn*<|
troduced as thefirstspeaker of the evep-
for about 100, besides officers and emp'- log Gov. John A. Martin, who, as the
Chief Executive of the State, had come
over from Topeka to deliver an address of
welcome tojthe visitingJmuxd/^oB
Qov. Martin spoke asjdl!oV«r l 4 i 4 ^ - lents, and tbeywerfl n o t uttendea wun
Ladiet and Gentlemen—Grand Offiurt of]
the Brotherhood of ZoeombfiM Firemen: I
remarkable success. The locomotives used
were small machines, difficult to regulate,
Within the past half "century the em- feeble in power, and dangerous to those j
ployments of men have multiplied enorW I in charge of tbom. The first really suc- 5®a
mously. Thousands of people are f QW cessful railroad in fh|o country WW not
eagerly tolling, with hand and brain, at I opened until the lQth of May, 1884, and it
occupations that, within the lifetime 'jEfj ran from Boston to Newton, Mass, a dis-
many jiving men, were not dreamed of J tance of about eight miles.
The telegraph and the telephone, now fur- Our railway system is, therefore tbe
nishing a t u t multitude of men and W - growth of only a little more than fifty
men with employment, are among tbe years, Thousands of living men have
most recent contributions to the world's
industry, conveniences ana happiness.
And within the present century that mar.
v^lous machine with which you are so fa-
S tnessed its beginning e,nd ite deyejop.,
»nt po Up present vast pioportionf And
what a marvel it |s I There are now with-
in tbe limits of the United State* fully
miliar, tbe locomotive, took form and 100,000 miles of railway track, or enough
•hape in the Inventive brain of Robe to reach around the globe nearly seven
Stephenson. ' ' .< ... «V.-»'. vl'Mi tiroes., Fully 80,000 locomotives drag the
i It is doubtful whether any invention I aomme'roe of tbe continent over these
any age—with the possible exception Qfl lines, and 30,000 passenger cars and fully
that great motive power of all modern 900,000 freight cars are employed In trans-
life, the printing press—has brought sucb porting the travelers and merchandise of
changes In the life, work and- thought of tbe country. In 1884—correct- statistics
mankind M h u the locomotive. It baa of later date net having been compiled—
annihilated distances; it has wedded the the freight trains of the United States ran
oceans flowing on either aide of great'eoh. »»ftgffregatoof 884,814,829, miles, and the
tlnents; it has crowded the most remote
and inaccessible regions with busy and
prosperous life; it h u transformed all tbe
f aisebge? trains M aggregate of «iO0,ol0,~
18 miles. During that year the railways
carried 834,070,76(1 pusengers. and 300,-
methods and systems of human labor and 074,749 tons of freight. In conducting this
activity: It has so assimilated different peo.' •ast business—the magnitude of which
pie, by tbe speedy and direct cotnmunlca. the humttii mtarl can hardly measure or
tlon It. b u afforded them, that tbe woj-jd comprehend-960,46M persons wore em-
la becoming cosmopolitan, and it has cre- ployed.
ated a new employment, engaging a yai'
army of trained and "skilled workmen.'1; In this State, which b u fust completed
One is amazed, on looking up tbe fact, the first quarter-century of Its existence,
lo learn how brief, la the time in which there are 6,117 miles of railway track,
this marvelous revolution h u been over which more than three million pu-
wrought, and bow t u t Is the business corv sengers and seven million tons of freight
ducted on tbe Iron net which now check.1 are annually carried, and nearly 700 loco-
motives and over 7,000 people are enu
ers almost the satire surface of this civil. ployed in conducting this glgantfp busi-
Ized world. Thousands of me* are still ness.
living who read the contemporary ac-
counts of Stephenson's first successful ex- You are representatives, therefore, of a
periment. His queer old locomotive, tbe great army of men employed In the might-
f, lest work of modern times, and it affords
Wocket," made its trial trip In September,
1820, not quite fifty-seven years sgo, an me pleasure to meet and greet you. {
the first successful railroad, that Trot know of no human avocation requiring
Liverpool to Mancbuter, England, was' greater skill, fidelity, sobriety, endurance
and courage ' than does tbe work of tbe
formally opened on tbe 15th of Sepujpber,! men who are employed on ous railways,
1880. Contemporaneous erporfmenta were and I am glad to odd that, Iq my ludg
made in this country, however, and op tbe ment, there Is no body Of tr.en in tula
80th of August, 1830, a trial was made country who more fairly and fully meet
a locomotive built by tire late Peter the requirement! of their arduous and re]
Cooper, of JJew-York, on a road lrptu.Bal-. sponsible station than do thoso who run
tlmore to, Ellloott'a Mills. Mr. Cooper's the trains of our railways.
locomotive, however, w u a diminutive And tills Is especially truo of the men/
machine of only one horse power, and On who ride at the front, on that marvel of J,
tbe return trip to Baltimore it w u beaten modern m»chaulsm, the locomotive. J
in speed by a pair of horses. Exactly four Theirs Is tbe post of danger and of re-
months after tbp opening of the Liverpool sponsiblllty, and singularly liraye, cool,
and Manchester road, or on tbe 10th day thoughtful, watchful, intelligent men they
January, 1881, a railroad running out of grow to bo. You will all, ,1 presume, be-
Charleston, South Carolina, w u formally come locomotive engineers. The wHy to
opened, the motive power being a small the engineer's seat, I am Informed, is from
.locomotive built at West Point, Hew tbe fireman's side. J hope promotion will
York; and on the 0th of August of the not be slow. The engineers, It Is said, are
same year a trial trip waa made on.** load tbe best paid body of skilled workmen in
I from BcUenpctady, Nj»w;York. America. I hope this is true. If it Is not
These, however, were all mere expert- it ought to be, for certainly no body of
skilled workmen- In America ryur/'"

... ^mtu'-
responsiDje position,' lior, In my
-jent, is there a body of workmen" In
America who more faithfully and —-'-«- How the Jfatai Day of the Independence of J
^discharge the duties of their post, AnjeHoft Was Celebrated.
engloeerg and thefiremenwho t
them are employed In a work the
""nlKardtidus^but dange*"*3 7UP' YBBTEBDAY GEHEBALLY OBSEBVEDI
ork that requires tier
; eye, quick though!
,jmes, 1mm
timi the oddaqn
Spirit of^;ln«Hyr.
Throughout the Country with Booming of j
Gannon, Speeches, fireworks. Eto.
*-xIn .war^jujiarmy
'^war. . M army rests Beourel
camp by day, and sleeps peaceful

To the People of Lindsborg on the Occa-

pgers or sion of the Bepublio's Anniversary.
hillB add
the cab •JS
and fireman, sleetf- The sromrth at JMnd* i>or«,
,. Those who ride as p*aaen-
efmpilclt. confidence to, &%$* • p M t o l t o D i I K ( U H T A X . J

i W r a w tad the 'esourceW LlfciMBOBb, July 5.—The fourth was

wtti the °*b' T n e j ; T!&*£;I celebrated here to-duy in a most enthusi-
astic and patriotlo manner, thousands of
deep, never thtokJng W| peopleflockinginto town to listen to the
hey know tbat-wVfrWUA
. track, and that everyttlri* soul-stirring and eloquent address of Gov-
toresfghl,care and" »kWcaq ernor Martin, whioh was as follows:
BiMter^wUr bo a o t ^ J f a S When I reoeifed thu invitation to
jerhapa, fully realize the mental attend this meeting ,1 did not think of
" the day we celebrate," uor of what
foil ot the track take tangible might occurr here, nor of what I 'could
f%gto*er*da *'•?»«!»» At say to yon if I came. The in station to faithful to its address an assemblage of Scandinavian
ntheyjook deatttothe people broke down the barriers of time
over the embankment or and place, and awakened recollections of
auction—then a\r'real^e a body of men, bora on the Scandinavian
[ngeri they fad*, ind" ajft- j peninsula, who,"nearly a quarter ol a cen-
fu) heroism ot their dally I tury ago, were endeared to me by the
strong ties of coumon hardships priva-
* j - i p , of your duties, and re- tions und dangers. For nearly three years
the Kansas regiment I bad the honor to
Simles &,': however, untt- command, tented, marched and fought by
P ^ d them'far better than do
of "railway operations to the side of a regiment of Scandinavians.
ow -how, ,lntelHgerrtly;Md And when the brave but unfortunate com-
mMM mander of that regiment. Colonel Hans C.
Heg. was mortally wounded at the battle
iftst'qf your local commit. of Ghicamauga, I succeeded him in com-
.„J.weIcome the chief officers mand of the brigade. I speak from per-
& t t l o n . , I very. <#eerfuljy tonal knowledge, therefore, when I say
Atchison, where so, many of that the -Scandinavian people who have
iraftsmen live, »nd In ttla immigrated to this country, und sworn
allegiance to its constitution and its laws,
a-a few yeartfwUl'
ay within Mye
lU limits 'are thorough Americans. I have seen
within lU limits their loyalty and devotion tested in the
ft State oilarge oodyjof frem fiery furnace of battle, and by the most
"any > lar
t with a cofaial wel- arduous and trying campaign*. I know,
,s meet .. also, something ofthe work the Scandiva-
your visit will be atf agree. vian people have done in developing the
hat you will rettrfitto your Msources of this fair young state. Our
ing with you only'pleasant eaniu* returns and our agricultural re-
"four brief sojQnrn in this port*, in telling the story of the won- city, and of those whose derful growth and prosperity of those sec-
noe you formed while here. •"•' tions of Kansas in which the Scandinavian
address was jlstenod to settlers are located, tell, also, the story of
£c I' alSention and cheered heartily.
their industry, their enterprise and their
thrift. And so, when I received your kind
invitation to attend this meeting, my in-
clination to accept it, as I wrote Professor
m Swenson, was very strong. I wanted to
avail my seiror lOOn at) opportunity ro^atf
knowleuged two important facts concern- people. For, of the Swedes, not one in a U
ing Scandinavian-Americans—Brat, the thousand is unable to read and write, and "fe
sturdy courage and splendid patriotism I
had seen illustrated, by them, daring our 3 f f & " ? who '2« 0 ? t b e lande <- Property in 8
late civil war; and, second,, that as citi- the kingdom. This peninsula, tooVis rich 1
zens of Kansas they had done their full in historic names. Gustavus Adolphus
share in making this a great, prosperous, and Charles XII justly rank among the
law-respecting commonwealth. This duty greatest ruler* and soldiers tho world has
I gladly discharge. With reverent grati- « E L ? 0 V D - ' A . m 0 D « statesmen, Oxen-
tude I recall the services of the men from stiem deserves his world-wide fame, and
the Scandinavian Peninsula who mustered among aiUsta there is no name brighter
•under the flag of the Fifteenth Wisconsin, than that <* Thorwaldsen. In literature'
and with admiring wonder I look around the'writing, of onTegner, Fredrika Bremer
me and see the substantial evidences of aSh'fc ?) *°* a™ " familliar to
your industry, energy and enterprise. T k f « - ?J?ea1k"1& P«°l ),e •• to tho Swedes.
One hundred and seven years ago, after Ihe mystic philosophy of Emanuel Sweden-
the Americans hod carried the British •students
t u t t i? tc
Ti , tcountries.
ed a n
, ^ wcrtoined the
works at Stoney Point, the commanding of all And among
general, Anthony Wayne, sent to Wash*
ington a letter which read: "Dear Gen-

B eral: The American Hag waves here."

That was all. But it told all. To-oay the
_ American flag waves here and everywhere,
from the northern lakes to the gulf, ana
S 3 £ fe8-tbe • N e , l l 8 0 n ? A » o«r cen-
SffS/ e i i b li b l t l o n .' i n . im< l »Pe°t many
delightful days in tho Swedish depart-
ment, and I remember with still vivid
from the Atlantic to the Pacific. And
wherever it waves it- is the symbol of interest, its unequaled specimens of wood-
peace, order, education, progress and cartuig.andthe paint£gs in which tho
freedom. It is the flag of •ffect Wof moonlight on the
sixty million people, and dear to «!£Li* * S J "Produced with such
them, one and all, because it is the flag of mamlooi fidelity and skill.. T h e f a >
a republic where each man is the equal of haired people of the Scandinavian
every other man, in rights and privileges peninsula have indeed stamped their iuo
as well as in duties and responsibilities. press upon the history, the literature, the
It is your flag as it is my (Ian—mine by arts, the industries, and the laws and gov-
jfbirth, yours by adoption. You have a ernment of tho whole civilized world, and
right, therefore, to celebrate the anniver- alwajlTthV tffluehce" exerted by their
sary of our national independence. The teaching and example has been wholesome
| impulse which led you to leave tho land of and beneficent. .
your birth and establish homes in tho new We are interested now, however in the
world, was that love of freedom and faith Scandinavian people in America, and not
in humanity which is tho soul of the (treat those remaining on the peninsula. The
i'delaration. Thousands of men of your census of 1880 shows that there are 440,262
J-race and blood have fought and suffered Scandinavians—Swedes, Norwegians and
I 'and died for the flag of this ropublic. Danes—in the United States, and of these
; jThcir services and sacrifices and your own 194,337 are 8wedes. Thecenxusof Kansas
! 'choice bavo made you heirs to tho common also reveals tho fact that 11,207 of our citi-
ijheritago of American citizenship—indi- zens are of Swedish birth. This county of
vidual liberty and security, a fair chance McPhersou has within its limits tbe larg-
i '-to work and win, the sovereignty of elect- est number, or 2,117; 8aline county hasi
ors, and the protection of just laws. No 1,636; and Riley, Osage, Bepublic and
(government can give more than this, and Clay have each over 600 citizens of Swed-
mo fair-minded and independent man ex- ish birth within their limits. That they
: ipects or asks more of any government. make good citizens is a fact universally
Jn exchanging the rocks ami snows of acknowledged. Wherever they have set-
iweden for the broad prairies and rich tled, improvement and prosperity abound,
, oil of Kansas, you have not only bene- and ichools and churches multiply. They
jjfited yourselves ;but you have benefited are, too, thorough Americans. They do
the Htate. I do not depreciate your na- not want to go back to the bleak, snow-
tive laud. I know something of its his- clad hills and the vast forests of their na-
tory and its resources. Compared with tive land, nor do they bring with them to
! 3tbe vast areas of tho United Suites, the this country that distrust of rulers and of
law which arravs them against our gov-
""xuidinavian peninsula is not a large ter-
f tory. It includes less than 1100.000
iuan' miles; it has a population not ex-
feeding MX million; and its ster-
ernment at if it was a natural enemy.
They do not figure largely in politics; they
prefer to attend to more material and per-
sonal concerns, building homes, conduct-
ile soil yields grudgingly. Out amid its ing business and manLfacturing in-
j^ocks and snows a hardy nnd energetic dustries, establishing schools for
people have lived and worked since the their children. erecting churches
dawn ot civilization. From the bleak and and accumulating property. They do not,
barren hills of this peninsula came the however, neglect the duties and respunsi
earliest forms of constitutional govern- bilities of the citizenship they have as<
ment. There, too, is found not only the turned; they study to discharge these, not
oldest aristocracy of Europe, but the stur-
* n '.-•••. 7-> •*-'% 4k* *"\

7: %i'Y
,._,*. individuality ancfpiWbrJKi, Hence, vhe dawn ot its existence, the United
in exchanging the rooks and snows of States has been heir to the ripest harvests
Sweden for the soil and sunshine of Kan- of the world's learning and experience.
sas, our Swedish citizens have,, as I have England. France, Germany and Sweden,
said, benefitted, not only themselves; bat struggled through long centuries of bar-
the young state with whose fortunes they barism, ignorance and oppression before
have linked their own. _»'',•• they wrested from force and kingcraft the
rotection of constitutional government,
i£There are some foreigners whose com-
ing to America is a public disaster. These S ur forefathers brought with them, across
the ocean, the fruits of this experience.
ire the men who, degraded and embittered They loved liberty, and they braved
y the oppression of despotic govern- the isolation and dangers of an unknown
ments, confound liberty with license and land in order to enjoy it. Transmitted
lawlessness, and can see no difference be*j1 from sire to son, and broadening and
tWeen the president of the United Stater ^strengthening for a hundred years, the
and the Ctar of Russia. The tolerance oi .ideas and the aspirations of the men who
our lawp, the liberality of out system o landed at Plymouth and at Jamestown at
government, allows such freedom a last found expression in the declaration of
speech and of action that the»e men,., independence. "This immortal state
abusing and outraging the liberty they are! paper," says Bencroft, "was the soul of
permitted, for the first time in their l{tes,1 the country at that timej the revelation of
to enjoy, at once array themselves as I jts mind when, in its vouth, its enthusi-
enemies of all law and all government asm, its sublime confronting of danger,]
They cannot comprehend the fact that it rose to the highest creative powers of
laws are as necessary to the human race as) which man is capable. 7The heart of Jef-
the air we breathe. They cannot .under: ferson in writing the declaration, and of
Ythe difference between an orbit) congress in adopting it, beat for all hu-
•tism and a government "of the- manity; the assertion of right was made
>y the people, for the people." for the entire world of mankind, without
I " they unfurl is the flag of the rot any exception whatever, for the proposi-
.. id the murderer. Their tion which admits of exceptions can never
liberty is the cry of the wo be selt-evident."
in-*;, the forest seeking for his pre;'.'
is/'ho wonder that puolio indignation _ . It was inevitable that the successful
intensifying against these miscreants, audi maintenance if the rights asserted in the
• that the demand for laws ^tbat will dealI declaration, and the establishment of a
wit^them pwuipty audsttailv; is W«aU| government based upon the self*
inginto a popular clarao?. Lesstnanal evident truths it affirmed, should
quarter of a century ago pore thantw^J not. only exercise a potent
milUon men rallied around their.count influence upon the civil institutions of the
•-^VifiM ohetffujly offered their 1 world, but attract to this country the most
apubjlo mi
that the repuBllo might he preserve* energetic, daring and aspiring spirits of
lajAitotiouA banner--the wayeoW'w all civilizednations. <i wide continent,
of the stars and stripes. ItUtbe^Mfl almost boundless in its area and infinite
..^orktown, in its resources, afforded human induntry
orktown, and Gettysburg, and ana >$hlq and activity such opportunities for the ex-
-J.—. aand
aoga, „A VtMritmrcr.
Yicksburg, and Appomatw:
Appomatf orciso of their powers aB were never before
$ery man who lives where itfloat*j known, while the theories and principles
leman and" a sovereign. IlisthVii_ of the declaration, embodied in the organ-
t'of Abe only real republic on the face < ic law of the republic, guaranteed to every
k earth. It is the flag of the only go* cltirnn tliolnrgpsl Individual liberty consia-
Knent where every ms» 'is free to < ten'.. wiUi Mjeiul order, and ample protec-
hateoeverbe, pleases as l$te as hVd< tion in th»> enjoyment of thf product* of
.of Invade the rights andftreedpm bt L U'K indn.ii.rv nod skill. ':'
bllf w m an.' It is the banner .of the nu
pened this rich and beautiful If it wim grout to be a Roman citizen
tee'gift to all, native and for* oenturicM ngo, it is glorl6us to-day to be a
llike. And any man, no mat- citizen of the United States. What na-
be was born, who seeks to de- tion enjoys.suoh, a Splendid fame as ours?
glbrious old dag, or to substi- What other people 1B SO opulent in the
tute in us stead the rejl rag of the robber blessings of liberty, intelligence and
and the anarchist, ought to enjbj, for an peace ? What oountry can boast of a ha
indefinite period, the liberty of the peni- pier und more" prosperous present, or a
I am glad to say that the Swedish set- more hopeful future.? We have no vener-
tlers in the United States have never been able antiquity to look back upon, butf what
accused or suspected of either sympathy nation, old or young, haa enrichedhistory
or affiliation with the wratooeji who flaunt with so long*list of immortal names—
the red flag and affect to Mlieve that all the names of •jurists sueh as Jay and Mar-"
government is tyranny, ana property is shall; or statesmen equalling Adams, Jef-
ferson, Hamilton, Seward and Blaine; or
robbery. orators rivaling Patrick Henry, Webster, I
This country is not only a free Clay, Douglas, Morton und Sumner; or I
country, but its government is soldiers equalling Washington, Jackson, i
the perfection of human wiadotftj**1*
H tv3
jK€-*/j,. •. 'ctcfiH

rant, snerman and I'nomas; or philoso-
phers such aa ,, Benjamin Franklin;
poets of nobler fame
Bar* all la all men'e, <
*»T» only wtodom; ' '
King h« that wins her;
Him hall hey helmemttn.
Highest ol heart.
than Longfellow, Bryant, Lowell,
and Whittier; or financiers greater than
Morris, Gallatin, .Chase and Sherman; or
II gbt make* no matter
Hare auy longer;
Sword It 11.t iw yer;
Hare e'en the god* are
historians such aa Bancroft, Presoott and ttelfl&h DO more.
Motley. And wharage or country, mar-
shalling all its proud names, and blending Walking the sew larlb
the splendid qualities of eaoh in a single Lo, a divine oae
Greet* all men g;d lk«,
person, can nmtck'jhe powering greatness Oalla iiiem the kindred.
of him who was at once, statesman, orator, He, the Divine.
philosopner, hero, patriot and wise ruler Is it Tbor's htnunar '
—Abraham Lincoln. Han in hit light hand!
The citizens of the United Siates are Weapo ; 1«M walk a be; ;
It it the WhiteOnrttt,
heir,, to the rights of the declaration, the Stronger than Thor.
guarantees of the constitution, the protec-
tion of the flag, and the .fame and glory of Here ahaU a Nation rjk*
Mighty in manhood; .
all the splendid name* I have mentioned. Juttioe and Merer '•
It is, therefore, glorious to be a oitisen of Bar* tat a atroogbold >
this republic, und in leaving the bleak Safe without apear.
Scandinavian peninsula and coming to Weak > H lbs Old World.
•aXsMrioa; you have'made a wise exchange. Wearl.y war- enoed)
The true fatherland is the land of equal Out of ita atbee,
Strong aa the umningN
riahts, The best country is that which Sptingeth the new.
affords to all its citizens the best opportu-
nities for acquiring happy home*. The Beauty of nromiae,
Promlte of beauty,
best government is that which makes all Baft la the ellenos
men equal before the throne of its consti- Bleep thou, till oomatti
tution and its laws. This country, this Light to thy hdtl
govortment, as I firmly believe, it the Thee tball awaken I
United States. Tou share in this belief, Fame from the foruaoe,
and so believing you have taken our na-
tional festival to your hearts, and made it
Bath of all brave one*.
Oleaster of oonaelencaf
Welder of will.
your festival to celebrate,,to be proud of,
to honor and to revero. I greet you, there- Lowly tball love thee.
fore, not as Swedes but as teliow cititens. Thee, open banded I
Stalwart thall inlaid wee,
I rejoice in yonr prosperity. I acknowl- Thee, worth their bett blood.
edge the brave, energetio part you Waif of the WeeU
have taken in the work of develop- a
Than tball come tlngurt. 1-
ing the resources of Kansas. I Singing no twatr aotig,
Sladly join with you in celebrating Bird oaroU, rather,
lie festival of liberty* Tou and your Meat for the man cot:i
Mighty of boue.
kindred have witnessed the full fruition of
{.the predictions which one of our greatest
L poet* attributes to a prophetess of your
ftace, who lived centuries ago:
is Mtu from th* Northland.
I1u Capital.
I' V1«B fxoui ib« Southland,
J, K. HUDSON!; Editor and Proprietor.
|Y, No more than manhood
Bring tU»y, sod baud*.
A Dark hair and fair hair.
< Bed Wood aad blue blood.
Thar* ahaU ha mingled:
Puroe or the ferment, NO TIHIRD TERMS.
9» kUkaa the Jlew Man.
Than wal u th* Maw land:
fbey tball subdue It, James W. Hamilton, of Samner County,
L*«»lug their toot' Sofia
Spaoe lor tha body, dominated for Treasurer.
Hpeon for the «ooL
Here ehatl mea grow 04,
Strong from •elf-helping. TIM M'OARTHY FOR AUDITOR.
Bjaaiur tbepreeent
Briog they aa e*gl«.\
Bliuu to the put.
The Remainder of the Stat? Ticket Renom-|
They t ball stake over
Oreed, la* and oiuilom; ioated.
Driving-men, doughty
Builder* ol emplro.
Builder* of men.
Over th* ruin.
See I the promlae;
Orlap wavee the ooraaeld.
Peeoe-waUad, tha bona eat arm The Few State Central Oommittee-A]
Welte, opvu-doored.
Harmonious Convention.
The convention was called to order at McBnde would have the privilege of elos-
in$r M-" discussion.
la. m. A Mr. McBride then took the floor, arid'
/Captain J. B. Johnson, chairman of the wanted to know whether certain gentle-'
I committee on Isolations, reported that men on this floor were representatives of |
the r<''pnolioan party or of the railroad cor-
I the committee had considered the three I porations; he thought that the present I
I resolutions referred to them at the even* railroad law ought to be wiped from the
it&session, and ti^y' believed, that the! statutes and an effective law placed in its ,
/original report'of the committee be adopt- stead.
The three addTttonal resolutions in Mr. McNall moved that the roil be call-
ed on the motion, to suspend the rules
la of the committee were thow and adopt McBride's resolution as a part I
£~ Colonel"1*Anthony on prohibition, of the pfaiform. Mr. McBride's resolu-
jftge Thacher on the strike, und W. H:, tion was defeated by a vote of 147 to 260.
IcBride on railroad legislation. '• <', TY.efifteenvotes of Shawnee county were
[ v<*The report Of the committee was theji Wjainst the resolution.
badopted. • ,. ., •>,( _ A resolution was unanimously adopted
fa Hon.. ,W. H. McBnde, of Phillips coun- lioii' ing speeches tofive,minutes.
ty, again offered their resolution which he- A recess of ten minutes was then taken
had offered'on the previous evening, a}* for the purpose of giving time to arrange
.follows :'•;'"•:'* • , . r '£*, the K-ato central committee, each judicial]
.'': Rtiiolvta, That railroads derive all their diMrict being entitled to one member.!
powers from the state and ara responsible Thi- secretary then called the roll, and as |
to the state for the manner in which they end; judicial district was called, they an-
exe'reise such powers, we demand that the nounced the member of the central com-l
present lailroad laws be so amended aa', niittee chosen by '.heir respeclivedistricts,]
to Unequivocally re«>t on the board of rail' as fallows:
road commissioners all necessary' power'to First district—Dr. S. G. Cooper, Oska-I
establish rates for the transportation of
freights upon the various railroads in the SeJ-md district-fc\ D. Mil)*, of Atch-
state; aria that such rates should be so ad- ison.
justed that the railroads should receive a Tliird district—A. H. Vance, of Topeka. |
reasonable enumeration for the services Fourth district—Dr. Thomas Lindsay,
performed by them, .flat should not be per- of Girnett.
mitted to establish rates to raise a revenue Fifth district—S. A. Martin, of Green-
to ^>e applied in payment of dividends on wood county.
; illegal and excessive issues of stock or Sixth district—Elden Lowe, of Fort|
'\lnterest on fictitious indebtedness, and we Scott.
.pledge oursMves to support such measures Seventh district—R. B. Stevenson, of]
and laws is may be necessary to discoun- lola.
tenance such practice. • ,r Klyhth dis rict Dr.. D. V,i Harvey, of I
Mr. McBride said that this was the |)livi., county.
identical resolution that had been incor- Nmili district—Captain Ilkrvey Brand
porated in the platform of the republican > > . i«f Matlleld Greet.
party of this state two years ago without I'lMi'h disUlot-fW, II, Williums, of|
a dissenting vote. HH hoped that this |Osi .vromie.
convention would stand by the rights of Eleventh district—Charle- Yoe. of Mont-
fiie people. ' . " ' . • lgnm»ry county.
Captain J . B . Johnson said he was in Tvciftb di.vriet-W. W Walton, of I
| favor of regulating railroads, but he didn't BJIltV J.Vntor.
> see any use of putting a lot of stuff into Thirteenth district—K. A frMithow, of I
[ the platform in excess of what we now ySJ'i'vltty county.
[had. We( already have a good railroad V wU'i'uth district—M. 1). Sampson,
»w, and aUoaid of railroad comirJif'sjtori- |of S ilina
BTF, arid no one has ever heard of a rail- rilleenth <lin'rict. — L. D, Best, Ueloit.
oac) company who dared to violate the riix'eentli district—George \V. Milton,
lings and decisions of that board. The |jM4»» City.
^t''. nave been greatly reduced, and I do Seventeenth district—Cyrus Anderson,
m"believe we should now be carried away | A I-wood.
> fla-h of sentiment. He did not think _ Kivrhtoen district — B. S. Hutchiris,
ibt , the,•'•people of this state, who are Ki'"riu in.
^pecting'.so many railroads to come into Nini'tjumlh district—Russell Wiggins,
bs f tatej desired to drive them away by A' •• a.
the1 passage of such laws as asked for. i' v.Ti-i.-th district—W. C. Gould, Cu^-
r-iMr ,' Jihnson then moved the previous
Twi'iity-lirst district—L. E. Finch, Burl-
•,f;'M>»'. A. W. Smith said he didn't thinkl infra m<>.
it vyuo lair for Mr. Johnson to make al Tw.'ntv second district—Phil. Kellcy,
lens;.hy speech against this resolution, andl White Cloud.
then move the previous question. He re-l Twenty-third district—W. A. Ogden,
minded Mr. Johdson that two yean ago! Nivs City.
he had pledged himself against the. rail-' L_Twenty-fourth district — George W.
»OB He said that under the rule*. Mr.
John Alexander Martin, newspaper clippings, 1885 to 1887, held by Richard Tonsing, 145 Plaza Dr., # 508, Vallejo, California, -USA 94591-3706.

3 S.


John Alexander Martin, newspaper clippings, 1885 to 1887, held by Richard Tonsing, 145 Plaza Dr., # 508, Vallejo, California, -USA 94591-3706.
sled by their rotes teat misrule, misrep-; I profound appreciation and unspeakable3
resentation and nullification of the laws' I I gratitude.
were intolerable to a patriotic, intelligent J I entered upon the discharge of the du-
and sober people. Jjj| ties of the executive office a year and a|
The administration of Governor Martin ] [ half ago, without previous training or ex-
has done great honor and credit perience. My distrust of my fitness fori
state. Absolutely incorruptible as ajffifth; such responsibilities was keen. But myl
unassailable in his purity as a public ser- I trust in the kindness and generosity of the I
vo nt, has looked' tti the constitution and I people of Kansas, among whom all the
the laws as his only guide, and the obU-< I years of my manhood had been passed,
gations of his ouh of offl-.e, taken in to* | and with whose hopes and fears, triumphs
name and preserae of a watchful Gflftt and disappointments, I had sympathized
with scrupulous Idelity, have been sac$H-| for nearly thirty years, was confident and
ly observed. A » I unbounded. This trust has sustained me
In'presenting'nis name to, this conven-l through all the lights and shadows of mv
tion I do so with the greater satisfaction, I official life; it abides with me to-day in I
knowing that I am not alone voicing the j the presence of this great convention of
sentiments of the, local delegation to earnest and intelligent republicans, whose
which I belong, but* that the republicans generous approbation warms and stirs
ot the whole state, profoundly sensible of every pulsation of my heart | and it will go
the service he has rendered, have directed with me in the future, whatsoever the em-
thai he alone shall be considered as the | harassment*, failures or successes of my
one man to lead their hosts to victory. life shall be.
I. therefore, nominate as the candidate 1 have no doubt that in the dischare of
of the republican party for the office of my official duties, I have made mistakes.
governor Of this loyal state that defender No human judgment is infallible, nor can
of her honor, that stalwart guardian of any man expect that all will recognize the
her jaws, Colonel John A. Martin, of | reasons which, to him, seem to mark out
Atchison. clearly the line of action and of duty. It
At the close of Mr. Smith's address has happened, too, that my official life as
there was the loudest applause and the | chief executive of this state has been
convention arose and gave three vocifer- crowded thick with perplexities and diffi-
ous cheers for Governor John A'. Martin. culties, and f could not hope, amid such
The nomination was seconded by Colo- surroundiugs, to avoid errors or OHcapo
nel J. H. Crich ton, of Labette, and the criticisms. If I have on the one band,
chairman then appointed Mr. Tufts, of I madu mistakes, I have not on the other
Atchison, Senator Reddon, of Labette, and complained of just and fair disagreement
Mr. Richey, of Wabaunsee, to bring the] or disapproval, nor have I, when my own
governor before the convention. judgment and conscience approved ray ac-
> Hon, A. P Riddle was renominated for | tions, cowered or quailed before criticism
lieutenant governor by acclamation. or clamor. And my experience has, I
. On motion of a delegate from Sedgwick | trust, broadened the horizon of my views,
county, Hon. E. B. Allen was by acclama- as it has certainly strengthened my faith
•j j, in the just judgment of a generous and in-
telligent people.
tion renominated for ceoretary of state. One thing I can confidently assert, here
T'ie committee which had been sent fori in your presence. That is, that I have
Governor Martin returned at this timej stemlily endeavored to deserve the respect
and.when the governor made his apt and regard of the people of Kansas. I
ance, tie was greeted with tumultuous I have never eared, 1 never shall care,
cheering, He was introduced by thai whether any person eulogizes my official
chairman, and spoke as foilows: life us brilliant or distinguished, sc that
Mr. Chairman and oentlemen of the con- all good citizens shall say tbat it was clean,
tention; just, safe, honest, and industrious. This
is tin; only praise I hope to deserve or seek
Two years ago the republican state con-1 to win; this is tbo aim and end of my am-
ventioa conferred upo me the unprece bition.
dented honor of a nomination by acclam- I come before a republican state con-
ation for the office of governor. To-day, J vention, ;i3 a candidate for office for the
by the generous confidence of the people last time. I recognize tbo propriety and
you represent, and your own kindness and | justic of the sentiment which forbids a
partiality, I have been accorded the equal- governor to aspire to a third term,
ly unprecedented honor of a unanimous! and if, by the confidence,
renomination. partiality and generosity of the
How proud I am of this co fldenee and people ot Kansas, I shall be again elected
regard, and how grateful I a you, and to the office I now hold, I shall, at tho
to the constituencies yon M' ally repre-l close of my term, gladly return to the
gent, language cannot express! The honor work and duty abandoned at their call,
thus done me is far above and beyond my and, us a private citizen, will ontinue to
deserving. I realise this fact, humbly labor for the success ot the glorious party
and forcibly. But from the bottom of my you represent, and to advance the i-iter
heart I thank you, one and all, and I beg ests of this imperial commonwealth.
you to bear back to your homes, and to
those yon represent, the assurance of ra The controversies, rivalries and jealous
ies, thai ! t r e inevitable in an asscmbla
of this character, are soon forgotten by alii1 were here comfortably cored for. ()a the
who hare any honest faith in or real de- front of the stage was one of the most beau-
Totion to the principles and policies of th« tiful floral designs over on exhibition iu this
republican party. Far above, and far be- city, Tho figure represented was that of
yond, any mere personal ambition, or the the globe. White flower* represented the
gratification of any individual interest, land and blue ones .represented the water.
are the ideas and principles which have
bound together, for more than thirty So comploto and exact was tho work iu con-
years, the greatest, purest and most patri- struction Hint thoto fitting in the rear
otic organization of intelligent people ever of the building could distinguish the differ-
• known in this or any other land; an or- ent constituents. The exeroieos wero opened
ganization which found this republio a with prayer by Kev. Finley, of Brookfteld,
collection of discordant states, and has
i made it a great nation, which has exalted
the American name in every civilized
country in the world, which baa
Mo,, followed by the Modoo olub in one of
their famous selections, which was greeted
with deafening npplauso. Thto wns contin-
s enriched our historv with deeds ued until the club reappeared, *]
of and names that wilt inspire youth and ex- Governor Martin was introduced as the
alt manhood during a'l the centuries to first speaker of the evening. With his usual
u come; which has never been ashamed or good graco nud complimentary manner he
afraid to espouse the cause of the poor, spoke as follows: \
the weak, the alien or the ignorant, and
make their wrongs its own, which to-day Luilict and OrntlcMm; \
stands for all that makes American homes The nnoxpected postponement of im offi-
cial engagement tins opabled sit to meet
1 sober, happy and pure, American industry
prosperous, and hopeful, and all who live with you this evening, and, through the
courtesy of your executive committee, I
beneath our flag secure and free, and have been chosen to preside ab this limit-
which can be depended upon in the future ing. . /
to protect the interests of all classes of the 1 am vory glad to know that tho "school-
people against the aggressions of corporate master is abroad" to-day; and I rejoice, es-
power. '•* ••"'••' pecially, to meet and greet the master and
I have read the platform you have mistress of so many. American sohools.
I rejoice for several reasons. This great
asscmblag(|ot t aohers ihows how deep and mm
adopted. It is a noble declaration of just
principles, and honest .purposes. My uariiOtitii* ma interest yuu liave in your pro-
o judgment approve* it, my neart endorses fession, nud it is, therefore, a happy and
\L "And 1 pledge voir, here and now, that hopeful indication that the educational
H wh Utsdewr I can do to give vitality to work of tho land isJm good hands. I am
1 your declarations will be cheerfully, hon-
estly and faithfully dono.' '.'• ? :lod that yon st-lectecj Aansns its your meet-
ng place, because Kansas Is an object lesson
1 1 .will not, gentlemen of the convention, that will Impress itiett upon your minds and
hearts forever, And 1 rejoice over your
2 trespass further on your time. You have coming, becuuse I know that you will re-
duties to discharge, and you desire turn to your homes and jonr work with
to givo them your att< ntion. I larger, broader views of our country, and of'
trust your deliberations will be pleasant the splendid system of sotiools which has
and harmonious. 1 thank you sincerely made it what it is.
and gratefully far the distinguished honor L'ne people til Kansas are proud of many
00 v things portsiuing to their stato, but above
of your confidence,
.iyour >.- . and wish yoa to express
to thoso jpu represent my ' * Tp apprecia- everything else they place their sohools.
The louellost region on oar receJiugf ronticr
tion of, aud thankfulness'-,., ytheir con-1 „_ has never been without its school house—a
stant and unfailing support. May peace, dugout or sod house at first, perhaps, and
happiness and prosperity tibiae in your these vanishing with the buffalo grnss, have
homes and theirs, and'may that order, given way to school houses always comforta-
security and contentment, which A law bly, and generally the mo«t stately buildings
respecting, sober and intelligent people, in the neighborhood. Indeed, it is the boast
can justly * X|*ct to enjoy, ,b4 tfitVcotnmon of Kansas that the best building iu every
hertUtfo of. all the pcK)pW ol v tt{s great town and hamlet Is the school house, and wo
have 8,000 of them. They dot evory hillside
commonwealth. '"^S*.*"' *y and valley, and account for tho fact that, in
At the close of the gofCrrio^l Address Kansas, tho proportion of people unable to
the convention adjourned unttyl :!x)> p. m. read and write is smaller than in any other
stato of the Union e*copt one.
I will not, howevert occupy your time by
attempting to mi\ko a speech. I take pleas-
ure iu Introducing to yon my friend,
Colonel \V. II. H Msioglon, who. on bohalf
of the people of Kansas and of Topoka, will
formally welcome you to tlio state and to
its capital olty.
[Mr. Hossinglon's address will bo found in
At the <irami. *- full JU the second page of this paper.]
-The opening excises of the National The governor's address was frequently in-
Teacher*' association nt the *»*?*" terrupted by npplauso, and at tho close
house last evening were greeted b _ fully great cheers followed.
5,000 people. Every seat and all avo>«*•
.pace In the building was ^ J " » J
«ms seated with ohairs ami °y"j£j£mam
IhaVllV UBllUV'J 1TOFTJTrereto c^ear
Imyfdosk for several d*$ys to como,
jjfo*fr*fe; "i'v JnuJut would bo imponsible lor me,
l t W l . l | l„M,l.l. pinwr a'.ich circumBt^'ncos/lfarpraparo
•fflltti £ ItiivM an address an w-oold be editable
ifor Inch an occasion. ThfJ^ato Cen-
Itral Committee alao hoklb-its tirat
blag at Topc4<a on tho 4th of Aug-
jusl and of eoanio Xmuat bo present
..m^Cavt" Protective AiRftocia] i-fttffthnt time. Thn.3 oircumstan^oB
cAivine tn vcadbi'it diOiculc if not
impossible for me to bo present, on
itilWrtonviuo. lasttfM6e.a&r,tao.joffl»j Mo date you name. . ...
_ j | l o f the Asa^Slatio]*. Beiag.OK| i t have examined tho constitution of
ghS|kof No. lll/'^Thefe > O T 4 ^ Jour/vfisociatioiJ, and ifc^seeui:) to mo
d e M p e i present, roprfl^tihg^brml [hat •he objects and principles of its,
lOO^oal aasqeiationg,fflpiK>j t J t t o t a organisation oi'O inovory respect corn*
fmondr.ble. Law is ao hoconsn.ry for
Gamofrpm'M^opxi, and nbvo,r 3fctih- tho povorhinent of tho hviman rhce as
# ffi history otfNortonvffle £ & | f e e I the air we breath, and any association
evor boon as manyra<?nof brj^MMd j organized to "protect tho persons and
prprninoi/ie assembled, horo, aa-mof.^ property of its member^, and m-wist
the civil authorities til tho enforco-
w'ero, at'-tbia mooting. ",;Mpsrt, ojT,'th1| mont of law,"de3orvos'thp coiMmeU'.hi-
deief&tes^arrivod Monday .night, bu j tiou of all la-.v-rciipoeling citi?.wiw, I
. should bo glud, thoroforo, if I could §
twparo tho timo, to ao'depl'your invittv- B
jtion, and t.i t'^tify my rtppvovul of 00
i m a t ^ depot ]j$ a Ita^Mbsdj tb.i olijects your Assooiution has in 00
tion of citizens headed by- oiir,brass tvimv in a public avldros-i. In viow.
MM^Mii^^m tb# iasboiayon (uspceially of the prevailing lawkss-
waft called to ptafflfj>by President A; leort in sotuo sections of our country;
)f tho studied attempts made by
J $oug$r^;U:; Walter 'fetoiiif delivered* MJicrchi&ta and Corhmunist.;- to instil
I j M ' ^ m m ^ address of ifrelopmo. MV [into the public.mind a ditu-ogard of
I ^^Hp^^p^b^f^erii*. oi all law; and of ^Organizations that
' iClinion county, <w& caile^dh to 're- aro being formecl^ib^uiany liuv,'o' cit-
spond and ho di^ so svi^'.romavkabld i(S:.-, for Mvo • pnfpbw ;#f defying the
coiiHUlulod anthoirit}' of a govi'innent
s u c e K M o said at thjMteoC*'. t&w thui )VM boon organized bv thu poo
ih"frMift|^6haw'thei\h«<%as a' &ljfi
o t aoP^^isdnrco^i? w'ohid' just' «f?||r
file, it in certainly right and proptqf
thaii a«l inU'Uigcttt and law vr'*poci -
ing citl/»»»U(<, appreciating the Uto&i'
tfcalfoi^o 'time ' i ^ V o t o d ^ . tim&fm ingsand bvnuuta of aoeval order and 8
0 ! ne^^;io^ihe tio«p»pt|r|^co^stj,tu- thi» nmtiicHun of ju:-f lawn, should or-

tibn^V.v'&fttjv somo othor tbtttino mai- gauv.v.i for tho onferccment of law
J p ^ T J g O . MoOar^';; p t o $ W t and ordor.
,-pf iilj'r'eadth'o folloTfcftigletter'from Itytirttyour Aa/oclation will h:ivo
a p';»a»anl and harmoniouH minting,
and thill. lt« uhjoCb', iui oxpti .-.-od in
its conHtituli'ili, wiin>M fnithfn'ly ad-
) . O. M C C A B T H V . KSG,T ") ' '*• <• V-.; Ivrod to, and 'carried into piaotioivl
? ••'.^Nortonvilie..Kaaaa8. titlect. .,
MfI)^Ai Smi—XaoktSarfrtodge the Personally and ollicially I send you
toceip'i'of your yjiry Inlaid letter of my yrctiug, and an a law-oilkcv oi
-Duly 24th, inviting me^fro'.be proaerit the State. 1 w<)uld be glad'vt..j have
fat the mooting of tho 'JDpritral Pro- the. oo-o pi-ration of any organization,
jective Association^ at Ndnormlle, on »uch aa yours irf; in e'fTorta io aoouro
Tuesday, August 3rd. :$lt does .hot
Lriow^ebin possibly for Jlft to accent
|youi?;,tond invitation. I; have boon
obediouco to and respect for tho laws
of *!'.',> Uuul. • 1
With groat respoct, I am,
compelled, by business bngag^ment*, Yonra, \cry truly.
S he absent fro|tttbo State for elov'ou J-NO. A. T\1'AUTIH
ays past, and jpn^pay returning horno
id a largo aceumulalioh of buniaoaa
«^ring,t;i}ia^e|BfitH attontiprj.j'tf.I
STATE HOUSE NEWS. ^TflB mumoriai~~xo n r a v* v^v,o ^*kV •-
signed by 036 persons'; * who represent the ni-
sei ves as legal voters of the unorganized
The County Seat Fight In Gove Counly county of Gove. This is supplemented by a
Settlcd Yesterday—Other Matters. memorial, signed by nineteen persons, who
For several days past a delegation from lay that they had signed the memorial ask-
ing that Grainileld be designated as the tem-
Grove county, consisting of a committe of porary county seat, but now withdraw thoir
three from Graiuueld and a like number tnames trim B'ich memorial, aud ask that
from Gove City, have been engaged at the u'Gove City bo designated as the temporary
governor's office examining and correcting i county seat.
The memorial in favor of Grainileld is
the returns made by the census taker. A i, signed by two hundred aud eighty-two (282)
strong fight has boon curried on in persons, who represent themselves as legal
voters of the unorganized county of Gove.
Gove county for several months between
the friends of Grainileld and those of Gove
City—the two contestants for the county
I This is supplemented by memorials, signed
by forty-three (43) persons, who say that
they had signed the memorial usking that
seat—which trouble was settled yesterday by Gove City be designated ns tho temporary
county seat, but now withdraw their names
the following brief submitted by Governor from such memorial, and ask thai Grainileld
Martin: be designated as the temporary county seat.
ExKrimvK DKI'A'RTMKNT, \ A supplemental memorial, ftvoring Grain-
TOI'EKA, KAN., September 2, 1KSC. \ field, is filed, signed by thirty (30) uames,
I have carefully examined and considered purporting to be those Of legal voters.
all the memorials and affidavit tiled in this Making the changes required by these
office connected with the organization of supplemental memorials, tho memorialists
Gove county. of the uuorganized county of Govo express
The returns made by the duly appoiutod preferences as follows:
census taker are not challenged, and all par- For (lovn Oily 612
ties agree that it is the desire of the people For U rain field 836
that Gove county plmll be fully organized. Majority for Govo City 270
The only questions remaining to be deter-
mined by the executive are, what placo shall Representatives of Grainileld, appearing
be designated as tho temporary county seat, before me, allege that the names of oue
and who shall be appointed as tho county hundred and oighteen (11B) signers of tho
commissioners and county clork. Gove City petition do not appear on the
Section 1. chapter !K), session laws of 1WW, census taker's rolls; that aevonty-four (74)
provides, that "the governor shall appoint names on samo petition are not tho names
three persons, citizens of such unorganized of legal voters; that three (3) of the uames
county, to act as commissioners, and oue to are those of persons living in Sheridan
act as county cleric, and may designate and county, aud that ten (10) names aro repeat-
declare the placo recommended by a ma- ed—making a total of two hundred aud Ave
jority of the logal voters in a memorial to (206) names that are challenged.
the governor as a temporary county Heat for In so far as the census taker'* returns aro
soch county." concerned, it may fairly bo nssumod that he
This provision, in so far as it relates to the Has failed to enroll tho names of all legal
designation of a temporary county seat, the Voters. The object Of the census taken by
attorney general construes us mandatory, aim was to ascertain whether the county
and has so advised mil. That is, tho word has two thousand live hundred (2,500) bona
''may," as it is here mod, should bo con- e inhabitants, and four hundred (100)
strued as "shall." It permits the governor
"dt-signato and declaro tho place recom-
£ ischuldurs, as required for organization.
Hence, the enrolment is not, necessarily,
monded by a majority of the legal voiers in a complete enrollment of either the inhabi-
a memorial to the governor, us a temporary tants or of the legal voters.
county," and does not permit him to- Bat if the two hundred aud flvo (206)
deolaro any other place, not so recommend- names thus challenged should bo stnoken
ed by "a majority of the logal voters" as from the memorial favorir.g Gove City, the
such temporary county seat. preferences of the legal voters would tin
I have, in the organization of all counties
presenting memorials, based my action on For Oovo City
tms interpretation of the law, and shall bo For Uralutlelil
govornod by the same considerations in or-
ganizing the county of Gove. I have no Majority for (love City *,
personal knowledge, und can have none, of The representatives of Govo city appear
the preferences and wishes of tho people ing before me, allege that the names of one
touching the place they desire to have made hundred and (137) signers O*
the temporary county seat. 1 can ouly do the Grainileld petition are nut legal voters
termiue their preferences as they may be the county of Gove.and that eight (8) names
expressed in petitions presented to me, aud appear twioe on said Groiuttei memorial
even if the law was not, as I regard it, man- aud these allegations are supported by
datory in its requirements, I would still feel davits of citizens of the county of Gove. .,
that the preference of a majority of the peo- If the one hundred and forty five names
ple, as expressed in a petition, should govern thm challenged Hhould bo stricken from the
my action. memorial favoring Grainheld, the prefer-
The following facts aro shown, touching ences of the logal voters would then be:
the organization of Govo county: For CJovn City ,.407
First- -The official returns of tho census KorOrainflold ....181
taker enroll the uames of 3,032 IHHIII jUUt in- Majority for Oovo City tiff
habitants, Wll house holders, aud Ifil legal It will thus bo seen that, in any view ot
voters. the case that may be presented, a fair ma-
Second—Memorials are presented, numer- jority of tho legal voters of Gove county who
ously signed, oue asking ttiat Gove City be have expressed u preference on the question
declared the temporary county Beat, aud an- of locating the temporary county seat, are
other asking that Grainileld be declared the for Gove City — r—
temporary county seat
18:46 Mr. Edward Wilder, president of
jemay also be stated in another the Library association introduced Governor
form. The census taker's enrollment in- John A. Martin, whof ormally opened the
eludes the names of 7157 legal voters. A. festival in the following words.
majority of this number would be 379.
There are 012 names on the Gove City mem- Ladies and Gentlemen:
orial, (after deducting and adding those In responding to the request of the Misses
who petition to be changed,} an J of these Bristol to formally open this beautiful fes-
200 are challenged. Without passing upon tival, I am fully aware of the fact that I have
the question whether these challenges are or assumed a difficult role. My botanical edu-
are not valid, but deducting all the names cation WHS sadly u ejected, and I had bet-
challenged from the Gove City memorial, ter confess at once that I know very little
the remainder, 407, constitute a majority of about flowers. I delight in their beauty. I
the total numoer returned as legal voters by have always believed that where plants are
the ceuaus taker. blooming in gardens and windows, it is an
Again there are three hundred and thirty- indication of a sweet and beautiful home
six (.130) names on the Graiufleld memorial life—of taste, of refinement, of hopefulness
(after deducting and adding those who peti- and inspiration. I have visited several of
tioned to be changed,) and of tlwse, one the most noted gardens in this oouutry, and
hundred and forty-Ave (Hfi) are challenged. found rare pleasure in their treasures of bud
Without considering the question whether and blossom, of leaf and foliage. And yet challenges are or are not valid, but if I were asked I could tell the names of
counting them as valid, the total of the sig- very few of the plants in my garden.
natures to the Groiunolii memorial, throe I am, however, glad to do whutsover I can
hundred and thirtj-six (U80) lack forty-three to promote the success of this novel and
(43) of being a majority of tho legal voters beautiful festival of flowers, and especially
as returned by the census taker. to aid and encourage the ladies who have
In view of all these facts, tt seems to me arranged it. Tbey have not only furnished
that that there can be no doubt concerning the people of the capital city with a lovely
the preferences of the It gal voters of Gove exhibition, but have answered, prac-
county on the question of looating the tem- tically, a question often asked:
porary county seat Hence, I ' jtninh.' "What is there for a woman's hands to do?"
Here is one occupation at leaxt, in which
two women have aohitved a signal success;
Gove City ns the temporary county cent of have supplied something a community
said county uf Gove. wants, and have done it well: have found
At a meeting of n committee appointed by something to do which enlists at once their
oitizens of Gove county to secure th<> organi- taste, their intelligence and their energies,
sation of t<aid county, tferome II. Medium- rptt and in doing it have benefitted the city in
ban, William T. Stokes and Lyman Ray- which they live as well as themselves.
mond wuro recommended for county com- I very gladly, therefore, comply with their
missioners, and 1). A. Borah far county request, that I should formally open this
plerk. I see no good reason for disregard- festival. It is a beautifnl display of flowers,
lag the recommendations thus made, and creditable alike to the ladies whose skill,
the persons named will be appointed. taste and enterprise devised and arranged
* JOHN A. MAUTIX, it, and to the city in which it is held. And
Governor of Kansas. now, speaking for them, I bid you one and
all welcome, and deolare the flower show
formally opened.
During the remainder of the evening tho
crowd passed around the hall viewing the
many pretty si. hts.
WEDNESDAY MOKNINGNOV0MBEK 10, 18Sd The first thing attracting the eye upon en-
tering is an avenue of palms which leads one
to the center of the hall. Hero the attrac-
FESTIVAL OF FLOWEltS. tion is a large and handsome bed of ooleus
and chrysanthemums, of shades of red and
TUB EX1IHJITION IBV BRISTOL SIS- white. To the left of the center is an oblong
bed of colens and chrysanthemums of white
TEBS OPENED ATLIDBAKY HAIL. and shadei of yellow. Extending along
both sides of the hall are pointed beds com-
Governor John A. Martin Delivers a Very posed exclusively of ohryeauthemums of
Flttlng Address-Some Information Con- white and shades of pink.
ceruli g This Novel Entertalnu>«ut- At the west end of the hall is a large foun-
tain built up by shells, mosses and foliage,
all of which make a most pleasing sight.
The curtain bears the inscription:
The chrjsautl emumthbw and floral exhi- •
bitipn given by Bristol;SisWas was formally H
oponedat Library hall last evening in the E M
presence of a most brilliant assemblage. —AHD—
A short time before the doors opened?^, FLOUAL EXHIBITION,
MawhaU's band rendered a few pieoes a n d n 1886.
at 8:15 the doors were ihrown open andj '
during the evening fully five hundred people]
passed in. The walls are very beautifully decorated
with pictures adorned with palm leaves, and
twined around the ohondaliers was some
•mllax. Token as a whole the sights pre*.
£%<• tented to tho eye in the hall were most beau-
tifnl indeed. The opening night of the ex-
hibition was (•success in every way and it is
only to be hoped that the remaining days
during which it will be open to the public
Wifl t... .... s#«1
A PLEASANT OCCASION. ruae ndmesTEmoTTfom ISSI ciay to mis tne
idea thus planted has grown and spread and
flourished with the development of the com-
monwealth. The people of Kansas may have
INTERESTING CEREMONIES AT THE been parsimonious in some things but they
have never stinted their expenditures to pro-
STATE UNIVERSITY. vide, for all the children of the state, the
moBt ample educational facilities
A few days ago the oldest and most richly
Dedication of the New Natural History endowed college in this oountry celebrated
Building Known as "Snow Hall"—A Neat the two hundred and fiftieth anniversary ot
Little Address by Governor Martin—Re- its foundation. For more than two centur-
Kent A. G. OtU Deliver* a Few Appro- ies Harvard has been the pride of tho groat
priate Remark*. state within whose borders it is located, and
yet it has never received from Mapsaohu-
sot'S as much money as the young state of
[Special to the Commonwealth [
Kansas has appropriated, during tho post
LAWUKNOK, KAN., November IB.—To-day
twenty-five years, to establish aud support
the beautiful natural history building, an this university.
addition to the State nniveraity, was dedi- The older generation* of Kansas, howovor,
cated at Mt. Oread, jnst west of the main hold a divided allegiance. They love and aro
university building near Lawrence. The proud of the state of their adoption, but
structure was most appropriately named in memories of the fields and hills aud streams
honor of Professor F. II. Bnow, the veteran of their birth place are still singing in their
of the nutnral history department of the heart. The young men and women who
institution, who haa spent the last twenty come up to Mount Oread to be equipped for
years most industriously and effeotifely in a the battle of life, will be, as a rule, nativts
labor of love in upbuilding the department of the state, and attached to it by the undi-
of natural history. His reputation aa a vided tie* of childhood's memories and the
pride and faith of matuier years. Genera-
I scientist is one of the moat exten- tion after generation of these sons and
II slvo In this country, and his daughters of Kansas will be inspired, within
oonneotion with the Btato university these walls, with higher aims, nobler mo-
extonding back over many years haa demon- tives, and larger and broader vio vs of hu-
strated the (not that he i s an invaluable man. man life and ondoavor.
"Bhow hall" was built b y the state at a lijj QWe meet, to-day, to formally celebrate
oost of *r-0,(XX), T h e stylo of the architec- another step in the growth and progress of
ture is that known ns mediieval. T h e build - the state university—to dedicate this beauti-
i n s is constructed of a beautiful, white I ful building, the home, for all futuro time,
stone. of the department of natural history. Very
Today the attendance wns not so large as properly the building is to bear the name of
it would have been, except tor the heavy tho learned, devoted and enthusiastic teach-
rains. er to whoae energy, industry and zeal the
At 11 o'clock in the university chapel tho state is indebted for the treasures that are
dodlaatory address WHS delivered by Profes- gathered within it* walls. I disohargo a
sor K. D. Oope. the distinguished scientist, very pleasant duty, gentlemen of the board
of Philadelphia. Ho presented a masterly of regents, when, lu the name of the state, I
address which wa« well received, Uis sub- commit to your koepiog this stately edifice.
ject wns, "The Relation of Science to Hu- See that the purpose of tho legislature in
man Happiness." ordering it, is fully carried ont. Study the
Judge Otis, of Atchison, one of the rodent* needs ot this great educational Institution,
of the university, made an appropriate
speech in which he referred to the pnst and
and mako them known. Strive to keep it,
In all Its departments, fully abreast with the
prosontofthe university and tho evontof growth and progress of the state. In this
to-day as a most Important stop in its pro- endeavor you can, I am confident, rely on
gress. He pictured a bright future for the the cordial and generous oo-operation of the
great institution of learning. intelligent people of Kansas, and the hearty
After the exercises in the commodious support of their chosen representatives in
chapel of the university the audienoo ad- tho legislature
journed to "Snow Hall" where Oovernor
Martin, in placing the new building in the
otre and custody of the regents, delivered
the following address: RICHFIELD CHOSEN.
;- In the verses prepared by our Kansas poet
at the quarter-oentennial it is raid:
States sro not great— T H E QOVKUNOH IJKMH1N ATMS •:M-
Except M men may mnko them.
Hen are not groat except they do and iluro; I'OItAKY COUNTY SEAT.
But states, Ilk* mto.
Have destinies that take them—
That bear them on, not knowing why or
whore." Morton County Orgnnlxt-d by t h o A p - '
The wonderfnl growth and marvolous
[prosperity of Kansas, unprecedented in the
polBluteitt or Co u ill T O III err* und tlio
D e s i g n a t i o n of the County Neat - T h e
history of American states, is notalonoduo Governor R e v i e w * the Cum lo Detail,
ko soil, climate, resources and topography.
Other states have soil* aa productive, cli-
mates as healthful, resources more varied,
land land-capes as lovely as ours. The unex- The following, being soli explanatory, was
ampled development and prosperity of Kan- yesterday issued from tho oxecutivo doport-j
sas is the logical result ot her splendid citi-
zenship, ana of the intellectual nnd moral neat:
soroes this citizenship has set at work in
every township of the state. Oar plonser
settlers laid the foundations of a sohool
house and a oharcn by the side of their first
STATE OF KANHA3, em is, in fact, signed only by legal voters
EXKOCTIVK DEPABTMENT, of said county. Both have attached to them
TOPEKA, Nov. 17, '80 the names of a number of women and chil-
The organization of now counties, involv- dren: and other names are those of persons
ing the designation of temporary county who have not resided in the state long
seats, is on.- of ihe most difficult and per- enough to entitle them to vote. It is also
kplexiug duties devolved upon the executive. evident, from the face of the memorials,
iThe law prescribing the moi hods by which that many of the different names were at-
Ian organization may be effected is so indef- tached by one person.. In some instances,
inite ia its directions, the authority vested in as many as a dozea |or fifteen names ap-
Fthe governor is so inadequate to fairly ascer- poar in consecutive order written in pre-
tain the real prtferonce.1 and wishes of the cisely the same band and evidently by one
people interested, aud the representations person.
always made by thu contending parties are At the general election, held on the second
BO r.onti adie.tory and com using, that it is day of November, Morton oounty polled
invariably difficult, and iu some iustancos less than 720 votes. The census taker, as I
[impossible, to ascertain such tacts as oujht have stated, returns the names of G47 legal
I to be known in order to arrive at au impar- voters. Hence, it may fairly be assumed
tial and just decision. that the legal voters of the county do not
On the 20th ot April last, in compliance exceed 700. The names attached to the two
with a memorial purporting to bo signed by memorials I have referred to, aggregate
over four hundred inhabitants at Mortou 2,001, and hence it is evident that at least
i county, I appointed.10. l'\ Henderson asean- 2,231 of these names are not those of legal
I BUB taker tor said county, This memorial voters.
was pieBi'nted by oltizuns identiliod with the In endeavoring to ascertain which mem-
I town of b'rifoo. On the'JR.Ii of September orial presented bad attached to it the largest
last, Mr. Henderson made due return, under number of legal voters, I had prepared an
oath, of the census and assessment made by alphabetical list of the uames returned by
him. His returns embraced the names of the census taker, under oath, as the names
2,5bO inhabitants, of whom (117 were legal of the legHl voters of Morton county. The
voters, uud Property valued at $(ltH,83Ji in two memorials above referred to we-e then
oxcess of railroad property. The eorroot- carefully sifted, and it was then ascertained
nossoi the ceubus taker's returns have not that the nsmesof 284 legal voters, as re-
been challenged. turned by the census taker, were attached to
Memorials were thou fllod, praying, re- the memorial in favor of Riohneld, and that
i Bpectivtly, that thu town of Frisco aud the the names of 1G2 Is gal voters, similarly re-
town of Kiohlleld bo deolnred the temporary turned, were attached to the memorial in
count seat, and on the Oth of November the favor of Frisco. The names of thirty-four
contending parties each submitted memori- ot those legal votors aro attached to both
als, one asking that L-'rirco, the othor pray potitions. Deducting theso, and 2f>0 legal
lug that Uiclinold, bo declared thu tempor- voters express a preference for Richfield,
ary county seat. It wan. at tor a lengthy while 128 uxpress a preference for Frisco.
discussion, agreed by both parties that Uenco, I think it fair to assume that the
there moinorials be submitted to mo on the town of Richfield, in so far as the memorials
evidence submitted in writing, and embod- aro concerned, is, in the language of the aot
ied iu thu paper boforo me. of the legislature, "recommended by a ma-
jority of legal votors in a memorial to tuo
The aot approved February IB, iWfi, pro- govornor."
vides that, when the cousus inker's, returns
aro received, "the govoruor shall appoint The }own of Richfield, howevnr, presents
three persons, citizens of said unorganized another memorial. This is iu form, of
oouuty, to act as commissioners, and one to which thu full owing is a copy:
aotaa county clerk, and may designate and 1'tt.lnh.n. A. ifiirtiii,<ji>vrrnar of lae ntlite of A'an-
doclaro the plsoe recommended by a majori- IIUI:
ty af I lui legal iHittfH in a memorial In the No, :to.
governor o.i a temporary toun'i/ seal for I am a resident and legal voter ot the
IUC/I county. southwest quarter of section 'J.'i, township
iwu uiuiiiorials were presented, in the HI, range VJ. Morton county, Kausas, and
form of petitlous. The memorial In favor am over 21 years of age. 1 settled in this
of the town of Frisco is signed by 1.488 oounty and made it my home March 28,
name', nud purports to be the memorial of 1880. My family consists of myself. 1
"citizens and electors of Morton county." would renpeolfully request that you desig-
It is not ventled in any manner, and many nate Kiohlleld as the temporary county seat
of the names attached wore evidently signed of Morton oounty. A. J. SCOTT.
by one person. Notable, ouo sheet continu- Dated in Morton county, Kansas, this 22d
ing HO tinmen, appears to huvo boen signed day of September, 188(i.
in this manner. Six hundred and sixty-eight of theso indi-
The memorial in favor of Richfield, which vidual memorials have been tiled, each
is iu the form of a petition, is signed by I,- signed by llin name of a person who repre-
424 uames, and purports to bo signed by sents himself iu the language quoted above,
"legal voters of the unorganized ss n legal voter, and these memorials are
county of Morton," and is veriUed cortilied to by affidavits, of which the fol-
by the affidavit of eight householders- of lowing ie a copy:
Morton county, who swear that "to thu best BTATE OP KANSAS,
of their knowledge and belief, the mimes Morton Oouuty,
attached to this memorial are genuine and Jesse Taylor, boing of lawful ago, deposes
bona tide citizens of that oouuty." There is and says, the foregoing signatures, num-
also a petition sigued by ex-soldier^, to the bered from 1 to GO, inclusive, were signed in
number of "<0, making a total of 1,170 peti- my presence by the persons whose names
tioners. aro attached, respectively, and I personally
It will be observed that theso memorials know that the statements therein contained
I have attached to them a very nearly equal are true. JESSE TAYLOR.
number of names. Neither of thorn, how- Subscribed and sworn to before mo this
over, purports to be signed only by "legal
votois," as the low requiros, and neither of
Q. A. BOBKBTBON, JEB 29, 1886.
tly commission expires MayNotary
SEAL]. Public.
18, lf*90.
The memorial thus presented is the best I
antheuticat d petition ever tiled in this | KANSAS TEACHERS
office, in a county font contest, and an ex-
amination of the census taker's returns re-
veals the fact that the names of 170 of those ] ANNUAL MEETING OF THE STATE
memorialists are re-turned by him as those
of legal voters of Morton county. Of these TEACUEKS' ASSOCIATION,
name-", however, 108 appear on the memorial
in favor of Riahtield, first above referred to,
and sixty-two do not. Adding those that do I The Flrnt General Sesulon Held La»t Kven-v
not so appear to the names of legal voters I lug lu the Hall of the House of Kepre-
on that pUilion (284) makes a total of 34fi Miitatutlye* Governor Martin Delivers?
legal voters memorializing , u fliv,;r of R oh- the Add reus of Welcome—Dr. P. J. Wll-S
fli<ld as the temporn y county scut, wl ioh is Hams Delivers the Annual Address.
a iDPjonty cf all Iho legal voters ia the
ooanty whoso names ure returned by tho
census iak.r. '
aAfiffhl !^ t i e n t a n d oar eful The annual meeting of the State Teachers|
pft per re,,eut , investigation
™-i L . f . u P ed «o mo, which re- association convened in this oity last even-'
veal the facts above set forth, I am oon- ing in the hall of the house of representa-
S2Taw*,i!l t Wo hfl8,d,, ,n th
ti . ' °
he pla co
mUtt tives. There were present at the time fully'
Ji«5; '.Vu . . ™«»»'W«Midod by a ma- 600 pedagogues from over the state. Dur-
thritBZ.°ef t nh oe l Re «8 aal v o t 8 r » i n * memorial to
5„! °i , Mr 0 1 temporary
untj n n d l dl county seat" ing the entire day they had been arriving
S 2 l ^ . l P 5 °? '' >. therefore, from different parts of the state. The hotels
des gnate and deolare raid town of RiohflelrJ were all filled to their utmost capacity after
as the temporary county seat of Morton
county. j o n M A^MAUTIN, GovoTno". the arrival of the afternoon trains. Those
who had oome in by the morning trains
. Mlly* Onlor. spent the day visiting the points of interest |
Governor Martin to-day issued the fol- over the olty.
lowing oxeoutlre order, relating to the General Session.
death of General Logan; At 8 o'clock last evening Assistant State
STATE OF KANSAS, Superintendent of Publio Instruction Uoorte
EXECUTITB DKrAItTMENT W. Jones oalled the general meeting of the
TOI'KKA, December 27, 18-4B 8-16.)
auooiation to order.
The intelligence of tho death of General In the absenoe of lev. H. W. Qoorge, who
John A. Logan will be received, with pro- bad been invited to offioiate, Rev. Dr. Mc
found sorrow, by the people of Kansas. Oabe, upon the request of the committee of
Thousands of our citizens were his com-
rades during the dark and trying days of arrangomonts, offered the invocation.
the rebellion, and to them be was endeared
by tne strongest ties of confidence and af- Governor John A. Martin next delivered
fection. All of our people honored him as the address of welcome. He said:
a soldier of conspicuous courage and Patri- » Ma. CniiUMAN—Readers of Kansas UOWH-
otism, a statesmau of commanding influ- papers and students of Kansas affairs can-
ence and abilities, and a citixin whose pure not have failed to notice the fact that, dur-
private life and stainless puollo senrioes ing the hot and dusty months of July and
just y entitle him to the highest honors nf Angnst, many avocations in this stato are
the nation. " J.
As a tojtimowial of respect for bis did-
tingnitbfcd services and his illustrious
{ (tactically abandoned. Courts adjourn and
udges and lawyers flit away to the moun-
m.mcrjrj thofltgs of tie state h-rose will be tains, the woods or tho lakes; churches are
suspended aTnatf mast until after the fu- closed, and ministers seek the peace and
neru!. JOHN A. M4ETIR. quiet of rural sights and scenes; pbysioinus
ivernOi". discover that their patients can get along
without them for awhile, and take a vaca-
tion; and men engaged in every department
of oommeroe or Industry abandon, if it is
possible for them to do so, the oares, per- in
plexities and toils of their employments, for
a brief summer sojourn amid fresh fields
and pastures new.
But during this season of withering heat
and stifling dust, as soms readers or observ-
ers must also have noticed, there is one
class of men and wore on who, having then
I a legal holiday, do not utilize It to "loaf and j
" i their souls." La every ooanty in Kan-
» , J e u m n i a n d wdmei
rest, but to work; not for pleasure, but to >••:>.
study; not to get away from the worries,
tbe troubles and the tasks of their profes- ........ .^..i^W^i^
sion, bat to fit themselves more thoroughly Governor Martin, of Kansas, Goes in'
for its duties and responsibilities. W&* ' J'Two More leara, MM
I hear it said, now and then, Mr. Presi-
dent, that the profession of the educator is A M&T ASSEMBLAGE iliESEHT.
not progressing as are many other avoca- 'i *WPPJ 3 '•'• •'•'.•' •'*• ^ " ' ' I ^ W
tions, or that the schoolmasters and mis- . '-. •£*?• ' <•! i •'. •^iM.m-'id ^••.nM'm^ \
tresses of twenty-five and fifty years ago The Hall of tbe House of Eepresentativas
were more proficient or competent than are
tho3e of to-day. Against suoh thoughtless
or wrecklesa assertions I put the oonvinoing THE ADDBES8 BY THE GWBRNOB.
faot of these midsummer sohools, in whioh
the teaohers of Kansas assemble to study, to
oompare notes, and to be instructed in the
best methods of instructing others. Men not
and women oapable of such devotion to their
work as these meetings illustrate, need no
excuse or defense.
And these are the raon and women I am
now to welcome to the capital. I discharge
the duty assignod mo, Mr. President, with
sincere pleasure. Very few, if any, of tbe
meetings held in this room are composed of
IP , i INAUGURAL DAV. • « >•»:*««
people who oooupy so important a plaoe in v Tort^u,' KAs-'ifi?. ia-fSpeclal.] tofg Before t
the every day work and growth of the state 0'tloc.k represeumivs haft Was packed with, .ladles
as do those now assembled here, and none, sad gentlemen troto all pert* of the etate, drawn by
I am sure, represent a more useful or hon- tbe cereuionfQ* 'attendant ,uj>o,n . inauguration, and
the anoaual sight of nearly a dozen governors who
orable calling. Teaohers of Kansas, I be-
f lieve you understand these fact). I
bsve filled the hlghaat bfllce tn the itate. ' , ji&mjft,
I believe you appreciate, in fall J
A (ew momenta before 3 o'clock ,tuo wprnbt*
-M . . . . . V . . . . . - - ^ ^ . . . ^ ^ ^ ^ I
measure, the dignity and import-
ance of your vocation, and that you are
striving earnestly and laboriously to fit your- wore *eat»d in front' of the speaker's afai
selves for its great duties and vast responsi- Chief Justice Albert II. Norton Immediately
of tbem. '•;•.,> •<;:^''W'.(' • r-*' iv»i .i
bilities. I trust your sessions will be alike Following' the governor* came tbe old and si
pleasant and profitable, and that you may stnte ofllcer* ana tbe senate and member* of the
home and the families Of member*.' Tbe proeeiilon
one and all return to your work refreshed wa* a goodly pne, and never before bave Kama*
and benefitted by this fraternal interoouse peoolo aten *o many distinguished people gathered
together undor one roof. Th,e governor* were all
with one another. In this faith and in this wearing the (mat* of yean, excepting Governor
i hope I greet you, and most cordially wel-
come you to the oapltal of the sUte. dared
• bnt
Martin, • - right
'• - • well'• di!<
brunt* of; , tbe
d tbeyappoar
; : . many
tbey appoar to have en-
o* that tbey have
' . ; ibsttlei
. . , .'•.-> ••>*''
H. D. McCarthy, L. L. D., in behalf of Maraball's band, a* the stato gneata came Into the
room, played tbe national tune. Rev. Dr. McCabe
. the association, responded to the address of offered the Invocation prayer, in which be dwelt
[ welcome of Governor Martins. The Doctor upon the service* of the gentlemen who wero here
*»iombled, tbe leglalatlve body about to be con-
iix responding, stated that he wished to vened, and the people of Kantaa and the United
make a short comparison between the pres- state*, y'v-rt&em.-r-r. $.- • •''••*imMm
I ent condition of affairs in Kansas and those lion. J. B. Johnion, acting a* master of Sere.-
12 twenty-three years ago. Twenty years ago rnonl**, preceded the Inauguration by • a brief
resume of the put of ihl* itate, leading to the
last Bepternber, the first meeting of the Kan- ((resent moment. Be said; |$ <V:V; . &'iffll
sas State Teaohers Association wu V "-V? Jobnaon's Address. ;, V'.-^i'
held at Leavenworth. Hon. Isaao T. Good- .hxmr.n AXD GXKTLXMEN:-' at fundamental law
now wan eleoted the first president Then <bf this itate provide* for tho Inauguration of the
officer* of itate once every two year*. We bave aa-
there were CG4 teaohers in Kansas, and now sembled aa part of tho more than 1,600,000 people
there are 9,887. In 1868 there were 20,821 who bave lelected'thetu officer* to wltneia thalr in-
children of a school age within the state. auguration. *[i&j • -"•iV.
A* a *tat* Kenaas la but 'M year* old. To-day we
•Now there are 490,184 school ohildren in Kan- Inaugurate her tenth governor.. To participate In
sas. In 18C8 it cost Kansas $24,845 37. to these ceremonies we nave with n* to-day In person
conduct her publio schools. In 1888 it cost all of the distinguished men who bave graced her
executive office during tbeie eventful year*. Sacb
Kansas $2,213,521 4fi ," to' 'pay'.'the One of them la a part ofjta history. The adminis-
salaries of her sohobl teaohers. Dr. tration of each constitute* an epoch In It* wonder-
falhiatory und growth, while all of them have
MoCartby thought this was certainly a most helped to plant It* foundation* and rear it* migbty
excellent comparison to make. In closing structure on the lntmntabl* principle* of truth and
on behalf of the association he returned Justice. l ¥ H 8 5 f e / ! £ •;;••"
thanks to Governor Martin for the warm They havefn ram guided the yonng lUte from «d
welcome he had extended.
._ .lovernor John
fr; iheyVavTe/ovTCfittofbe atara. Repnb-
•n status do not consist of men alone, nor o f corn fartln, wbo delivered tbe inaugural address.
and wheat, of stocks and \bonds, nor of wealth and •
ower. Bat of all of tbesf blended and cemented : .•<><•'' Inaugural Address,
R ito proper relatione by the several forcea that pro-
serve, protect and ctmtrol<them all for the general
, LADIES AXDGiNTLEMKx:—! beard a gentleman
say recently: "1 have known all tba governors of
good. That tba men who nave fashioned and formed Kansas.'" I asked; "How many governors has
this commonwealth, that bare made Ita lawe and Kansas bad?" lie thought a moment, and replied:
control.ed it* destiny, oullded manifested by "Nine." ' 1 pre»ume a very large majority, even of
toe result*. In I860 Theodore Parker, In » speech tbose best Informed In the political history o( the
in New York, In referring to Kanea* and bar atrng- slate, would make tbe same wrong reply, for Kan-
gle for human Utwrty, made -vvbat was iliMJtboiiffttt sas has had sixteen real and four acting governors,
an extravagant prophecy. He enld: "In A, D. lOOO and, amco Ita admission Into tbe Union the elate &as
there will be 2,000,0-10 people In Kansas, with cities bad ten. I am glad tbe committee having charge of
like Providence and Worcester, perhaps like Chica- the ceremon es (o-day did not forgst this fact, and
go and Cincinnati. Sbe will bavo moro mile* of so did not omit to invite the Hon. N". Green, who
ra Ironds than Maryland, ".Virginia, and both of the
Carolina* can boait. Her land will br worth $20 per waa governor of Kansas from November 4, 1668, to
acre, and bar total wealth will he «o00,000.(>0n of January 11, 1S80.
monoy. Six hundred tboutand children will learn • It Is not Inappropriate, 1 think, on an occasion of
in bar school*. 'There will bo a long of freedom all this character, to briefly recall some facts connect-
around the slave states, and tu tbeln slavery Itself ed with the incumbents of tba executive office of
will die."
Ksnsas. I have known all of our governors, terri-
It Is thirteen years yet to 1000, and yet we have torial and elate, except two, Reader and Geary;
more than 1.MX),000 population, Home of our citlea and allot ibe acting governors except one, Wood-
already eclipse "Providence and Worcestor, and by son. Tbe territorial period extended from Juue, •
that time w ll rival Chicago and Cincinnati. 1854, to January, 1801, and during these six years
•• We now bavo more milos' of railroad than the and a half, seven governors and Ave secretaries who I
four stats* named. Otrr lands are worth more than
•30 per acre, andnur wealth fur exceeds s.">oo,000,000.
While tho song of universal freedom, started many
ear* ago in Kansas, boa been taken up by mare
at times acted as governor, were appointed br tbe
E resident. Kansas bad a email population then;
nt then, ss now, tbe voice of Kanass was heard la
?ban 40,000,000 of people, and alavory long ago ex-
pired, .
tba land, and It was no puling Infant's cry! So (be
president sent out to govern this lusty young glsnt
of tba American desert, strong men, distinguished

To these grand results the people of Kansas have man, men wbo had bad a large and valuable train-
more than any others contributed. Tboy bavaatall
times occupied the van in human progress, and
lag In civil affairs, aad they ware, one and all, rlsd
to corns and to link tbelr names and fames with
their achievements serve to Illustrate the force and that of Kansas. 9
power of a few resolute, earnest men and women. Tbe territorial governors appointed were In snc<
I would Iiava the people of Kansas consider these cessions Andrew II, Iteeder, Jebn L. Dawson,
thing* not 10 a spirit of eolf.adulatlon, but ratbor Wi]»..ii *bannoi, Johu W. Geary, Robert J, Wslker,
that they may In some measure appreciate thoir re- James W. Denver and Sar.iuvl Madary, aud tbe sec-
sponsibility as a part of tola great republic. On the
luih day of May, low, the Immortal Charles Sum-
ner, who waa alwaya the friend of Kauaas, said In I retarloa woroDsnlol Woodson, Frederick P. Stantdiir
the United Slates senate: I •fame* W. Denver, Hugh 8. Walsh and 0. M. Bsebe,
"Take down roar map, sir, and you will And that All came to Kansas, and served In tba positions to
tba territory of Kansas, more than auyotber region, wblcb ihey were appointed, .except one, Mr. Daw-
Occupies tba middle spot of North America, equally eon, who declined. Of thesn seven governors all
distant from the Atlantic on tbe east and the Pa- were lawyers except two—Geary, wbo waa a mer-
<IBo ou the west; from the wators of Hud- chant, and Madary, wbo waa a printer by trade.
0D bay on tbe north to tbe tepid Gulf stream on Five ware born In Pennsylvania; ous, Shannon, In
?bo south, constituting the precise, territorial comor
l.qf the whole vast continent. To such advantages of
Ohio, and one, Denver, In Virginia.
Aa I have stated, these territorial governors were
{iiltuation, on tba vary highway between two oceans, generally distinguished man.
are added a soil of unsurpsssed richness, and a fas- Governor Heeilnr, previous to his appointment aa
cinating, ondulatlng beauty of surface; with a
health giving cllmalo calculated to nurture a power-
ful and gonerous people, worthy to be a central
r ernor, bad never neld an office, bat be bad beeu
many years one of ibe moat eminent lawyers of
pivot of American Institutions.'' Wilson Shannon bad been twice elected governor
slay I not pause to ask, here In tba presence, of of Obto. and had also served aa minister to Mexico,
tbe representatives of tbe people of Kansas, shall before coming to Kansas,
we demonstrate that we are worty of this priceless Kobert J. walker bad been a Untied State* sena-
heritage of this central position* lint Mr. Sumnor tor from Missis* ppl and secretary of tbo treasury
wanton to say: during President Polk's administration.
•'A few short months only bare elapsed since Hi's James W. Dearer had represented California In
spacious Mediterranean country waa open only to
the savage wbo ran wild la It* woods and prairies",
congress and served aa commissioner of Indian af-
faire. ( i
•1 and now It baa already drawn to Its bosom a popula-
tion of free man larger than Athena crowded with-
in ber blstorie gate*, when her aona under Mil-
Samoel Madary was an editor of national reputa-
tion, and bad been governor of Minnesota.
All except Geary were over 40 yeara of age when
tladea woo liberty for mankind nn the Held of appointed, and be, The youngest of tbein all, bad
Marathon; mora than Sparta contained when she been a soldier in tbo Mexican war. After leaving
rained Greece and sent fortb nor devoted children, Kansas bo rose to ibe rank of major general tn the
aalckeoed by a mother's benediction, to return with
lair shields or on them; more then Home
gathered on ber seven hills, when, under her kings
Union army, and waa later elected governor of
Pennsylvsula. i
Thus three of onr territorial governors have been
aba commenced that sovereign ewav which after- the chief executive* of three oilier etatce.
wards embraced tbe whole earth; more than Lou- Allot tbe territorial governors appointed, except
don held when, on the fields of Crecy aud Agincourt one, Denver, are oead, out tbe secretaries of the
tbe English banner was carried victorious over tbe terrtory, allot whom acted as governor during
chivalrous hosts of France." tbelr terms of office, are all living except one, Hugh
Tba sturdy sons of Kansas struck relentless 8. Walsh-
blows and the shackles fell from 4,UO0,0fO slaves. Kansas baa also elected three governors who nev-
I.eil liy these men woo grace this occasion, (hey er served, viz., Charles Robinson, elected under
founded a stale whose corner stones are freedom,

liberty, Justice and law. the Topeka constitution; George W. smith, cbnscn
underlb*.' Lecompton constitution; and Henry J.
There ars other evils to be driven out. Tboro are Adams, fleeted under the Leavenworth constitu-
other wrongs to b* righted. tion. MY honored predecessor, Charles Roblusoo.
Let us emulate the exnmnlo of these men, al- thus eaJMri ibe distinction of having been elected
though we differ a* to details, and never stop tbe under tv^o constitutions. Ho ll the ffrst governor
confl.ct until every grog shop Is closed nod every of Kansas In a double sonse— be waa cboeen to (bat
man In all tba land receives that Just reward due office under tbe Brat and last constitution framed
mm for bis sweat and toil. tor tbo stale.
Ladies and geutlemon, 1 now have the pleasure! of Of the governors of the state, four were under
Introducing to yon tbe distinguished gentleman W when elected; all except two are now past 50;
wbo Is now the governor of Ibis slate, and who has, and the oldest was first cboeen. All have boon rosl-
by tbe suffrages of tbe people, been celled t o ' " tKansas for more than twenty years; two.
that position for the period of two years mora, : V, '*W
ginning with to-day,

Srst anda 'UupTeMBTgoverdbr, rorover
>a)years; and
L_. all' except one, Governor yfjg} 1 present, u s comes to i n conclusion•
utill citizens of tba
the state. previous
Kight of the' meant to let the ptople see the former occup
laerved in the of legislature to' their1 the executive chair, and compare them with
Selection to the executive office, and the present governor. It should bo considered that "tjj
Iother tiro, Governors Robinson and
lAnthonv, have since served as members people bave about fifteen times more people11
lot tbe law making branch of tbo state government. select from than wben the first were chosen;' B e l
[One, Governor Robinson U a native of Massachn- then related his experience as govarnor of Kansas, '
lietts; three, Carney, Green snd Glick. are natives commencing twenty-four years ago. He then, came
|of Ohio; two, Osborn snd Martin, of Pennsylvania; to tbe cap tol by stage, some sixty miles; ami! sSffer
lone. Uarvey, of Virginia; one, Anthony, of New snpper hunted up tbe governor's office in the second
lYorlc; and one, St. Jobn, of Indiana. Governor story of a business bouse, furnished in a most'prim-
IRobinson waa a physician; threo, Crawford, St. alive manner, and was sworn In by a notary P'ttbUo, [
I John and Glick were lawyors; one, Carnoy, « tner- and received the great seal of tbe state aa the) only j
1 chant; two, Osborn" and Martin, wera printers; property In his predecessor's hands^'.iwhft!
Green was a clergyman, Harvey a surveyor and An- wished him a more happy time than ha1
thony a tloimlth. All except four. Roblnsotj, Car- ever been tbe lot of the first governo
ney. Osboru and GUck, aerved lo the liuioti anny Wben ho turned the office over to Governor Crar
I during tba war, Only one of our governors,. Green, ford, that gentleman was sworn in by the'chief |
I graduated at a college or university. One, Gov Justlco In the hall of repreaentatlvea, qtilte -.-s^WsJi
eruor Uarvey, was elected to the United Stttes sen- provement. At some length he coneratt..
ste after the expiration of his term as governor, tbOHo present upon the great progress raade,;4risde
and Governor Osborn represented tbo country as bv tbe sacrifices and labor of the early pioneers"Of,,
United States minister to Chill and Bra7.ll. the state, wbo battled with much that this prosper-!
Ity could come. He closed by an appeal a
Twenty-six years have come and gono- since the hers of the legislature to pay the Price
first governor of the stale took the oath of office, trcll raid claims. • ; ,» v , *rv2fSMal
I and lie and all ot his successors are with us Governors Crawford, Harvey and Green 1
yet. , Hero are the executives who organized tbe present, ao that ex-Governor Thomas
splendid regiments young Kansas sent out to battle the sixth executive of the state, who can
for the honor of tbe flag. Hero are those who saw prepared for the occasion, and from his aunt
tba dawn and morning of that mstvelons de- addressed the audience, He dealred to sa
velopment which began with the close of the civil office waa not a, bod of roses, and believed P
war. and baa since spread over 400 miles of fair aod cessors baa round itthe same, . He then.wc,
fertile country. Hero are those, who were called troubles that be had met with In his admlnis
upon to protect our frontiers agaluet. repeated In- prominent among which were tbe-Osage 1
vasions by merciless savages. Here are those who' lend troubles, tbe adjournment of. the at
witnessed the still more dreadful deso'atlon slon of 187a wlthont having made provision J
wrought by insects whose baleful flight darkened suffering settler, the Indian Invasion, tbe location
tba light of tbe sun at midday. Hero are those who wild tribes of Indians within our borders'! an
have occupied tbo executive cbalr during the later otbor questions which demanded thevai
years of ...peaceful prosperity and unexampled tbe governor. '•:>•: • \ >v*^.
growth. <;. '.*,'&•• -. . Jfr ' •
The seventh governor of Kansas. Geor
We greet them, one and all, cordially and grate- thony. tbougbt the natural mistake of Mr>'il
fully. We salute tbsin as citizens wbom tbe people son's life was that he had not pursued the voc
of Kansas bavo deemed worthy of their highest of a novel writer. All the other gentlemen'
trusts. ' We honor them as men who have guided surprised wore prepared. Had he known. t>
I the state through difficulties and dangers, onward would have bad a speech prepared. Hei In-a n
land upward to the shlulng stara. We testify, ous manner, briefly told what tbe audience"
I. willingly tod thankfully, our appreciation of the been told, and then gave a short time to (he i f
1 conrejro And fidelity with which tboy discharged tbougbt that "government Is not a man ordelhe
their always laborious and often dlfllcult. and per- stitutlon." In Impassioned language he sho*
.plexliig duties. We receive and welcome welcome memthem at*a* 1 the power and stability of tbe government In',s-
honored guests of this occasion of whatever weaknois may be exhibited '
LthetuunOACine people or KansasAnd, speaking in I the executive selected by tbe people,-'--!
' as I am r-nro J a0, the enrilltneni ,», and express log,'. cause of the superiority of tbst people who select
hifattn, t fervently pray I hat U*V,nt t
flays msydlls
he all
as 1 tbe executive. Governor Anthony was recelv
long ao;a peaceful, and that prosperity may abide a favored man, and had reason to be proud q
[.With and olsss them to the end. warmth sbowu. v .id
•At tbe close ot.bis address, Governor Martin an- Ex-Governor Jobn P. St. John, tbe aigota. ]
Lnouuced his readiness to take tbe oath, which was ernor of Ksnsas, was then Intioduced. He
[then administered by Chief Justice llorton. Tbe glad lo once more meet, face le face, so many pt\
] osih was brief, and signing tbe oath of, office, this good people of tbe state. Kansas it r.ot ibrrei
1 part of the ceremony waa complete, and Jobn A. of a mere accident. She was the result of .sfiaif
Martin unterod upon bis second term ax governor ot purpose. He quoted largely from James O.'.Blal;
I Kansas,- M • .,,-;>. •••,•• \ ••.••. ••• 1 at the mention of whose name there wat long'j
Marshall's band again favored tbVlomense audi- coctinued applause. Be then briefly and i»,an L
I ence, and then Lieutenant Governor A. P. Diddle passioned msnner reviewed the work of thejuatiba
bad the,dun 'of office administered, followed by and Its effects upon us as a people. " l^jfw'VJW
Associate Justice T>, M. Valentine, Secretary of
Stale K. B. A'len, Treasurer of Si ale James llamll
t o n , A• nudltbrqt
d State Timothy McCarthy, Attorney |
General 8. B, llradford,
IforU, and Superintendent
8u( of Pub'
Ex-Governor George \V. G.ick, the ninth"-ink
ernor of Kansss, believed lbe committee bsai
Invitation upon the assumption that be wai
crat and couldn't write, as be was not not'
lie Instruction J " IJ. Lawbead. •J a speech wss expected. He bad served it: I
(••***3KH»B| letuie "lib Robinson, Harvey, Osborn as
* *Th«- Ex-Governors Talk. .*; I ferd, and could testify to their booeatseaa
work performed by them. He served with St
This ceremony being completed, Mr. Johnson In- In the ssnste, be helped with the first as-prep,?!
I troduced, In a happy manner. ex-Governor Charles | tlon for a capital, which was $1.1,00*. A stoeetyi
I Hoblnson, who ssemod to teol that an advantage was built, but It seen disappeared aud when iBffl
I bad boon taken of him. He thought when the Invl-, was made as to what bad becomo ef It, be wai
that the farmers bad taken It and built cellar
nation was received '.bat this occasion was, per- slone fences with the stones. He then folic
jhaps, an exhibition of live statuary or fossil re- ] example set and briefly reviewed Kansas,^ r
I mains. Having been notified tbst a speech was ox- ealr points omitted by tbe-otber gentlemen.' It
] pected. he tromblod and prepared one. Ho referred ] I evident that this was a Kaaaas crowd turned laese
upen Kansas advantages, aad would hs,ve deltgMee;
Ito the old days, wben the first legislators assent- I the souls ot those who revere and worship Kansas.
bled, and the resulta that have been aecn since that' This closed the Inauguration exercises.., .„ ^.*,../.};
I time. Governor Robluson was received with rounds '
I of applause.
Ex-Governor Thomas Carney, the second gov-
lenor of tbe slate, agreed to come here as a witness,
I and did not espect to .assist In delivering the in-
augural addresa, but expected that daty to be
formed by a real live governor. He came here
part of this show, such an one as no other stal &'\
imental banner.
Sometimes, for hours, only the steady
Kansas Dailj State Journal. tramp of feet is heard. The men are as
silent as if they were dumb. Then some-
thing sets all their teeth awag, and
FRIDAY. FEBRUARY 4,1887 the woods and fields echo with their
shouts and laughter. They oomment on
A Thrilling Picture. everything—on the houses, thefields,the
The address of Governor Martin last I trees, the road; they jibe at and joke with
evening was one of remarkably beautiful j one another; they are a moving mass of
diotion and thrilling interest It con- blue interrogation points, questioning
tained a word painting of a sol- every one they see about distances, ooun-
try and people^ and their laughter is as
dier's march, by Martin, the soldier,
1 whioh we do not believe has
care-free and oontageoua as that of happy
ever been excelled. So graphic was it Then a clear bugle note comes floating
that the listener forgot his surroundings down the line, and the column dissolves
in the banquet room, and imagined him- on the road sides. In an instant al-
self viewing' scenes which must be in- most the men assume all varieties of pos-
delibly painted upon the memory tures—some sitting, some lying down—
of every veteran. The description for the bugle oall meant a rest offiveor
is something whioh belongs to military ten moments. The stragglers oome up,
one by one, and drop in with their com-
annals. A hundred soldiers heard it last mands. Then the bugle sounds again,
00 evening, and they must have marveled at and all start to their feet They fall into
© the life-like presentation. We offer no | line with the precision of a machine, and
apology for its encroachment on our move on, to again, in a few moments, fall
regular space. It is full of interest to all, into their old,.irregular, go-as-you-please
and every soldier should read it and have step and route,
bis children read it The governor said: The hours oome and go, and the miles
I do not expect Mr. Chairman, that any Blip by, five, six, ten, perhaps, and then
words of mine can "bring baok the feel- the bugle sounds another call—a welcome
00 one, for it is greeted with a ahout But
ings of youth." Time takes something this time the moving oolumn does not
i j from us. as the years oome and go, that it dissolve so quickly. It doses up in oom-
never gives back, and the lights and shad- paot order, and the guns are stacked in
ows o f twenty-five eventful years have groups of four: on these are hanged cart-
fallen upon us since we first "walked in ridge boxes, blankets and other encum-
2 war's red ways." But I may, perhaps, brances. A few moments later, lit-
tle volumes of amoke —hundreds and
interest YOU for a brief time by a descrip- thousands of them, as far as the eye can
2 tion of one of those walks—the march o"
| reach along the road—roll up, and the
the day, which had its counterpart in th atmosphere is filled with the perfume of
'marches of all armies, on many, many burning pine, the aroma of ooffee, and
Itfays." perhaps the savory smell of bacon.

I A oolumu is moving along a dusty rond,

With a long, free, swinging stride, that
•eemsT&s easy as it is masterful. It started
With what crude and meager utensils
—at most a tin pot or oup, and a small
skillet—it is all done; and yet how quick-
out before it waa light in compact order, ly and deftly. But no dinners these men
R- fech mnn in his place, each oompaoy, have ever sinocTeaten were more enjoyed
""" ent, brigade and division following than those their own hands prepared as
appointed order. It is the middle they halted by the roadside a quarter of
'forenoon now. and the solid forma- a century ago.
\u some what disordered, The dinner cooked and eaten, the
have fallen into invgular march begins again, with the same
jme hunt the smoothest places in routine of shouting and laughter.
and the paths thus formed, 'r silence and meditation. It
juble, are not always straight,
following the cow-paths along
it business, all of it—simply mov-
along, hour after hour
fide; others keep the center of and mile after mile, until the sun dropped
iway. At intervals are little low. in the west or perhaps for hours after
3ttpsyof norsemen—the commanding the night had gathered and darkness bad
iioer/the adjutant aud an orderly, ut fallen upon the earth. Fifteen, twenty,
|he head of the regiment; the next in twenty-five, and occasionally thirty miles
I Dmmaud, with the surgeons, in the rear,
lidway between these mounted ofllcere,
—these were the distances frequently
oovered by the long blue columns, each
lways in line, and always surrounded by man carrying his house on his back, like
little group of non-commissioned offi- a snail, and, in addition, bis gun, forty
r^rs, are two soldiers carrying, not guns, rounds of amuuition, three days' rations,
[but what seem to be long poles encased his cooking utensils and his bed.
[in black oil-oloth. They are the Hags of Sometimes these m '
eatner, when the air was fall of
the perfume.of flowers and melodious pure white folds as stainless as the stun
with the songs of birds. Sometimes they ing souls of those who had died to save
were made when the skies were leaden i t They had broken the shackles of four
and the clouds hung low; when rain million slaves. They had enriched his-
poured down, hour after hour, and tory with suoh a record of great deeds as
the roads became quagmires, and the never before illuminated its pages. And
men were soaked andohuled to the bone. then, quietly and modestly, they went
Sometimes they were made in mid-winter, baok to their homes—
when the ground was frozen, and the
north wind out like a knife, and at every "Satisfied to pass I
Oalotly, serenely from the whole world's gaze.
step the road was stained with the blood And cheerfully accept, without regret.
of bruised and broken feet Sometimes Then- oUHife as It was.
the route lay along pleasant lanes, or dim "They wtS-were brave to act,
old oountry roads, or through quiet and Anarioh-enoughtheir action to forget—.
shadowy woods, rich with odors of fir and Who,, having filled thetr day with chivalry,
Withdrew, and keep their simpleness intact,
ine; sometimes it followed, for days, the
E ard, white pikes, over which the dust
hanged ^ike a cloud, thick, heavy, stifling.
And all unconscious add more lustre yet
Unto their victory.
"On I ho broad Kansas plain,
But no matter what the weather or the Tbelr patriarchal life they live anew—
roads might be—whether the rain poured Hunters as mighty as the men of old;
down in torrents, or the sun beat upon Or harvesting the plenteous yellow grains.
Gathering ripe vintage of dusk branches blue.
the column like a fiery furnaoe, or the Or working mines of gold:
oold of winter chilled and froze—the reg-
iments formed and marched whenever ''Or tolling In the town,
orders came. Armed against hindrance, weariness, defeat,
With dauntlesspurpose uot to swerve or yield,
The long lines dwindled steadily and And calm, defiant strength, they struggle on,
As sturdy and as valient In the street.
fatefully. Regiments that had onoe mus- As In the campled Bold.
tered a thousand men were reduoed to
two or three hundred; companies that had "Thus In the commoafield.H and streets they stand:
The light that on the past and distant gleams,
Answered to roll call an hundred strong They cast upon the present and the near,
'were mere squads of ten or fifteen. But With antique virtues from some mystic laud
as their long oolumns shrank, and each i Of knightly doeds and dreams." .. '
soldier's plaoe in the line drew nearer
and nearer to the faded and tattered Hag
In the center, it seemed to grow dearer
and more precious to their hearts. They THE LEGISLATURE.
followed ft, upheld it, loved it with an
earnestness ana devotion without parallel.
Following it, hardships and privations Governor Martin Calls a Halt on Reoklesil
were welcomed; upholding, it, dangers
and sufferings were laughed'at; and to Appropriations. . .-,,-v Hal
roteot it the humblest and roughest of
f S tern all would have cheerfully and
Eroudly given bis own life. I have
Governor Martin yesterday sent to the
ktf'siatuie tbe following very important
ea rd men, of late years, deny
the existenoe of suoh a thiug as disin- meennge protesting against extravagant
terested patriotism. But the sol- appropriation of the people's uionoy, and
diers of the Union exemplified this splen- warnir.K Mum that the taxpayers should
¥ did sentiment' during every moment of not bn burdened any heavier than they are
their lives. No difficulty oould dampen
s their ardor, no repulse oould shake their I m at pri'wiH. The mut»a«e will have the
s ooufldenoe id final victory, no toil or Buf- tendency to put (he members on their
fering oould perplex their faithful loyalty.
The flag represented the Republic i to
guunl. It n ua follows:
February 25, 1837.
t To the Senate and Iluune of Itcpresenta-
'• i t w # ft. • oldi * r '« dnty; to die for it tires:
was a soldier's fate.
The months rolled on and lengthened 1 feel impelled, by a sense of public
into years, and still these men marched, duty, to villi the. uttentiou of the lesisla-
tuie to tltu taut that, unless a number of
and fought, and suffered, and died. And bills now l-efore your honorable body, ma-
at last came Victory, and Peaoe, and king appropriations for expenditures to bo
Home. Their tods and privations, their defray ii Iron the general revenue fund,
trial* and danger*, were dver at last. are Liia'iiiiilly reduce! in amount, the levy
:or reve'U'es for the next two fiscal years"
with the splendor of their achievements. must In- ...ryely increased.
They had exalted and glorified the Amer-
man name. They had preserved, for all The supplemental report of the state
the generations of men, the prioelees her- treuauri r, ih'.ed January 1, 1887, copies of
itage of free government They bad lift- which iuve boen furnished for your infor-
ed the old flag into the very heavens, its mation, presents a careful estimate of the
blue field glistening with every star that receipt* "<f the stale government for the
had ever sparkled there, its orimson 6ccivl vena 1887 and 1888. based on a tax
stripes bathed in the red blood of five levy of three and three-tenths (3310) mills
hnndred thousand patriot heroes, and its

an —
revenue, the tame amount tna .*>•>,- T H E ANTI-SALOON WORK-
[has been levied each year since 1882. A
I tax of this amount would produce, for the
Tyear 1887, not to exceed $861,300, and for The Great Success of t h e N e w Turk Meet-
[the year 1888, not to exceed 3920,700. Oth- ing*—Sound Letters F r o m K S U M I Men.
|«r receipts from the penitentiary, the in- The extraordinary success wbioh attended
surance department and the state library, the efforts of the anti-saloon leaders to hold
ronld probably aggregate 8550,000, ma- a great meeting in New York shows bow
I king the total receipts for thu biennial pe- deeply rooted and wide-spreading the move-
riod, 82,332,000. ment has grown. Coopers Union was filled
The legislature cannot, therefore, make with the best class of people, including many
| appropriations payablo out of the areneral ladies, and the gentlemen who sat upon tbe
revenue fund, much in excess of $2,000,- platform as vioe-presidents of the assembly
000 tor the next biennial period, without
increasing the general revenue tax levy. numbered many of the strongest business
I need hardly say to you, gentlemen of men and politicians of the east. Jndge
the legislature, that (he people of Kansas Noah Davis, than whom there is no better
have a just right to expect that the pur man in the country, was chosen president for
oentage of taxation for state purposes the evening. In introducing him, Mr. Grif-
shall not be materially increased. Tho fin, ohairman of the anti-saloon national
large annual increase in property valua- committee, made a short talk on the alms
tions adds, each year, a correspondingly of the movement. Judge Davis followed
large sum to the aggregate of the public with a ringing speech, and then oame Hon.
revenues without increasing the per cent- William Windom and Bon. Theodore
age of taxation, and the additional sum
thus produced ought to be, and, with pro- Roosevelt, in strong endorsements of the
per economy is, amply sufficient to defray anti-saloon policy in tbe republican ranks.
the increased expenditures naturally inci- Letters of unqualified approval from the
dent to the growth of the business of the prominent republicans of the oonntry
state, and the domand for inoreased ac- were next produced, among those from
commodations for its dependent or crimi- Kansas were the following:
nal classes.
The constitution vests in tho legislature PTATI or KANSAS, )
tbe sole power to authorize public expendi- EXXCUTIVI DlcrABTlfKHT, >
tares.and to provide revonuo for dtfrayiug TorzxA, May 10. )
such expenditures, It is not within tbe Bon. Albtrt Qrtffln.
•cope of my dutios, and I o. rtiiiuly have DXAB BIB—1 acknowledge the reoeipt of
BO desire, to question the full authority of your letter of the 4th Inst., announcing a
the legislature in such matters. But I meeting to be held in Coopers Union, New
York, on the 25th inst.,under the auspices
tear that too many members, inspired by of the Anti-Saloon Republican Committee.
the conviction that this or that appropria- Tbe saloon has been banished from this
tion would tervo a useful or beneficent state, and eaoh month rednoes the number
public purpose, are sometimes likely to of those who would by their vote, invite it
overlook the fact that the state cannot of- back. The good results following the abol-
-ford to do, in two years, all that it would ition of the saloon in Kansas are now al-
bo desirable to do, and that the expendi- most universally reoognized, and I do not
believe that out of a voting population of
tures must be limited by tbe ability of the 270,000, there oould be found 76,000 men
people to meet the burdens of public taxa- who would reinstate it.
tion. Those burdens, in my judgment, The republican party, pledged to the en-
ought not to be increased beyond tbe per- forcement of the constitutional amendment,
cental that has been levied for the post lost many votes during tbe first years of ag-
four yean1, itation. But it has, during the first three
years, regained its old supremacy, and is
1 would, therefore, respectfully suggest now more strongly Intrenched in the confi-
I that the regular appropriation bills - dence and respect of the people than it baa
those for current expenses of the state, judi- ever been. Republicans, with the rarest ex-
cial and legislative departments, and thoee ceptions, acknowledged the good results
•taking pro virion for tho caro and main- that have attended the abolition of the sa-
tenance of all the public institutions—bo loon, and a very large number of tbe most
first pawed. The aggregate amount appro intelligent democrats will oppose any and
trtry effort to ohaoge the present condition
printed for these necessary purposes can of affairs. I do not believe that this ques-
then be d<finitelyascertained, and if the tion will ever again be an issue in Kansas.
publicreveuues will justify further appro- I hope the meeting you announce will be
[pria'ionf-. ')"»)'«. bo made for such pui- as suooesalul as you expect it to be.
poi^a is (be •• .Mature, in its wisdom, Yours very truly, JNO.. A. MABTM
muy (I .-HI u. •• important and bcnelici nt.
* a
Brownwood, Tex.
My Dear Sir:—I receive so man^
m$$tM? letters of inquiry concerning the ef
W®$*&A fects and results' of the prohibition
lieve that uiijder anj^ossible circujdo^
law u stances, if the question of repealing
ble to answer all of them in detail the prohibitory amendment was fairly
As a rule I send a copy of my las submitted to a vote of the people,
message to the legislature to all per-| that more than 75,000 possibly not
sous writing me on this subject, be- more than 50,000, could be induced
lieving it furnishes all information of to vote for its repeal.
value or importance touching on this 6. The adyantages of the law are
question. I have, however, conclud- too numerous to detail. Briefly, it
ed to reply to your questions more in has brought about greater sobriety
detail. among the people. The always per-
1. The law is as well enforced as nicious influence of the saloon in
any other law upon the statute book?. politics has been utterly obliterated.
I do not believe that there is an open Thousands of men who formerly
saloon within the state of Kansas. wasted their evenings in the saloons,
I do not mean to assert that liquors now spend their time in feeding and
are not sold in violation of the law. clothing their wives and children,
But I do assert that the saloon has and ns a result, plenty and content
been practically abolished in Kansas, ment abide in thousands of homes
and that all sales of liquor for prohi- where want and worthlessness were
bited purposes are made secretly,
just as other Crimes are committed.
once familiar guests. Thousands of
emigrants have been attracted to
2. It is my judgment, and I believe Kansas because of our temperance
it is the opinion of every intelligent laws, and those emigrants as a rule
and fair minded man in the state, are people of influence and character,
that drunkenness has been diminish- who come here because they want to
ed fully nine-tenths sinco the prohibi- bring up their families beyond tho
tory law wont into effect. reach of tho saloon's contaminating •
3. The population of Kansas, in inlluencc. I believe these replies
1880, was 91)6,090. The prohibitory flllly answer all your questions.
amendment was adopted in that year. Yours Respectfully, »
The census of March, 188(1, showed JOHN A. MAIITIN.
a population of 1,400,738. The pop- Governor of Kansas.
ulation of the state to-day is got less
than 1,000,000. Hence instead of
"decreasing our population," tho pop-
ulation of Kansas has very nearly
doubled sinco tho odoption of the
prohibitory amendment.
•1. The commercial and manufac-
turing industries of the state have
fully kept pace with its increase in
population during the past six years.
'). Public interest In Kansa., has
been steadily intensified in favor of j& '•'''' ''V4v*!w',V:$* • W-' ' ^ T V
prohibition since the people have had
an opportunity to observe the effects
of the law. At the last election in
this state the total vote ^vas something
in excess of 275,000. h do not be-
r who wants to jcnoW&pbut a law,"
f^'EEMINlSCM llth finds him'toe book'ajid page. He
gem's even, .to,;know the, pfficers whq
>t» e fr$m other States after requisitions.
-m\ he looks" at-the papers with the big
:0f Webb Wilder, toe N e w l y Ap- Balori them, he says: "Your train don't
rp^M-SlV 12:20M Call ft half an hour
•:;,• rjomted
%'• pointed Insurance „Com. 1/ttn'dyoYif papers will he ready,,,,'No, sir,"
i , . . ...'K.^-•,,:.
^^w',* Aquie], capable man
i •V'v missioner.
missioner &W-
'•'ippearfcd then; oft ed to show.
a rie,true^s steel; so 1 has appeared
rsInce^,Perjons In e same room
The State House Qffloials—His ^.pi$h other.'.Govi nor Martin has
i - ••. Estimate of Governor
vCijAji !wbrd. patriotic or un-
3 Iiy advice/from... JEeritlemah.
othe^wfopml this office
": ' *'- Martin.
safe of 5
With; 6T
_s Charaoter
as urnallst bV taste
dispatches have
* JT those that
Q ' H W * • ••••
.The following it lawathal
Webb V er'a''^pjer^'of, last!
wee' i 45 and
lis hair
.used for the past two years and a bait.
As we grow old it hfrta to do things the
last time; to change houses, habits,
'friends. There ate not many more last
e UonAlnd-
lpoked at
StEIhgs to do. ''W^w&M^'p' add re-
jty.Qoionel Moonlight, now Coventor of He was
" othlng, had served his last day as Ad- ,ys had a'
to) Itt when
,nt General when I stepped into the
.. ernor*s office that January morning, eekly to a
^•85. Many porsons were excitedly mov-" t him now
1 about the two rooms. Governor Gllck, w nothing taste for
eratuie, but ich.
emocrat, was going out of offloe, unci"! honor always
~ r. .Martin and other officers, Repub- rafelito dh.
Is, usually here
ns, were coming In. There was court- '.•Mr, and then
. and kindness,buta little awkwardness I ig'out'at noon for
'tween the members of the two parties, :%fflce hours" as
key were forming the procession to go ch or d
the west wing where the inauguration 091a" surprise an
States or in
ry numer-
I lead
State (ifflcera here." Tom and I marched
3 ler, a con-
rlthout cere-
ogether, but In the rear. , to, ,An un-
kThe speeches made by the Governors! wbM, ha»
at day and every message 'and procla- ircomei uov. naron. He never
">t!bu Issued since that time have beon' iti^rattlM."rBt la a reasonable, rea-
led by his hand, In one large-paged, ds, safe' man. 'in excellent business
ky volume. ,y, ' ,' < ••• iTnis dothmbh sense takes him through
.,-^omlng back to this room, I remember ! difficulties. He herer loses his tern-
Chat James Smith, who had just served" ; r w d ]iti>\7 !**• worried. Never
three terms as Secretary of State, and this 1
rtplttlns of overwork; dont complain
morning entered on duty as the private M. A Very perfect, even-balanced,
secretary of Governor Martin—seemed to rking * mind and body. A deep
have always been In the place that he was rh^'Mflectlni' ' all the flowers
now holding; and so It has seemed ever fid'gayfoliageoatts banks,but smooth
since; be told us alt what to do; nobody H J 'uira|B«i to ntm1 who passes by.
saw him tell us, and he neVer in his life His courage and energy knows no ob:
did an officious or obtrusive act It comes stacle; If there were a thousand in the
naturally to him—to know the man's and tell
ngnie who comes In at the door, and to ar?y laughter after It was.
Jrfe able Immediately -and quietly to an-
swer his question. If'It Is a county offl- ^:do the best thldr
ong; ibee#c*bo>: Ylce President "6ftt
an6r r Boavd.Of QontrOl b£the National Soldldr'stl

I ioj^tight'a're'ii
Homed.' pSere are six of^them; one'itj
our own Estate at Leavenworth. The corjfL
respondence on this subject and the pef-^fi
ionAl visits of soldiers from all of the^"
lea )oyal states take up a good deal of time,
two roohis has been verj'pleasant,? All slfolftiMartin nils the same plage la find-'
olght i^mm, halting for bills froftphe log a Soldier a home that Maj, Morrill'
Senate and House; waiting forMlspatches ' dOeS;1o getting him a pension, and both
jat railroad stritfeWnd ard^happi'est when engaged in this work.
'.by tne/LMfcosi I^fjipt nearly all the officeseekers who
.. .Its r*e^rMfrknrt C0tDB to this office have "caught on to
tv/to'airs; each doing gladrrittu| the old soldier "racket." That lathe flrt't
appeal to the governor in nearly every,
iri^tlh Jaa'; ipent ;rau%^#i I case. Jf mistakes are made 1MS with si."
kind Heart, and a brave soldier is made
mlh.ought, put he would happy : • ;-t ^f&vtfM*' C ' \'ffl
1 -Jew persons knowbow. feeble andhelp-
iM^'ijI^ less thousands of the defenders of the uBV
ion are now,.', The strongest.then,. th1£
ayss marshaled
marsnaled tj the fa
iqof'figures aflfJ.Btat pravest, 'the hardest.jworkers ;are, to*
weakest now.' So weak.that It painful, to*
WfMoftfew.. aod.uftflxar, see them as they come up to this desk:'(
th,ls|sJu^ngQut, *K> I •'Is the governor In?", .Mind 'and body1"
almost gone; a great many. In'the homes,'
have.torn*;^alJuO^j4g. .,*-m,,
m are as wedk as children. The governors'
was MMHSairW ™ W M & 1 and all of the 'officers, of the homes are.
railroad strike in wolcoteptfw
3PH also old soldiers, and the best of care that
, jngagea. This was^rf 1 * W man can give to man the Inmates have;'
of this he ffrote the1 history in'ftMttago.' It is hot, howover, the home of the famlf
That messlgV wis written;ftf bylttrte 'y. Those who saved our "homes can
officers 'Ko^tfeihbers, ;4rtbeK tfgMrtilfe nlyfindtheir own lOjthe world beyond.
In m£nfWUX*Xum •W^TSfe1?. ;•> '">*f]&ECTmVE Ol.BltK.
ti6n ftjHWtfj'liv* hlhk sUteVfaWM'
S I lowed, The prlhClple WlHTie &«tfed by | i
l'l.~. f
•• r r v ^ upeople• . . . J I " ., f „ , » , ' i j . i , J A i " " g |
all civilized peoples.' T h e rights of labor'
and captyalwlM'be Protected t>y law£ the Kansas Daily State' Jouxj CL
few anarchists when hate and'defy law
will be punished. ' T^bo question is one H
of the greatest of our time, but our peo- OmOIAl PAPER OP TEB ClTY 0I1 TO,
ple, In wis republic, eapablo af anything,
are capable of solvjng ft. .' ' $ $ & $ 'i -m -..r-'^vJ;. •-
Oceans of jotters have been 'sent here BY FRANK P. MAO LKHHA**
asking for'the messages relating to pro-
hibition, .'They have come frqm/Mfchl- THURSDAY' ^ ^ ^ S * ^
'Mu, Kentucky, New York, Oregon/Ten-
i nessee,' North Carolina, Missouri' and
other •taje.subut from Texas," Texas, A RINGING REPLy. '. *$$:'
Texas'--how tpey have come from Texas,
Ever} letwr i* »nswered by tlje gOYern^. The saloon element in Kansas, whioh 1
.or in his absence, by Mr. Smith, and well is utterly rooted, baa been belching forth
answered, The stock of messaged'has a few dying gasps, and hoe imagined it
#TJen but; but What a great and glprlou* has a glimmering Hope by a story tele-
work thevhave done. Kansas enlighten graphed by special from St Joseph
t ihg the fifflHl •< ••^'ri-^WW^-'
"abootAtooison.:^f ',,', ' ^ J,-'^HB
a •Rev. JOr,;riMcCebe stopped roe bo, the
street this afternoon. He Is president of Governor Martin in a ringing reply,
the $tate' Temperance union. Receutly backed by the most convincing figure^,
that society published a pamphlet for use !i • i sends the following to Chicago, to Wil-
in the states where this question Is up,
and Pr. Modabe says they have an order \«?.'<
m j "
; liam Henry Smith, the general associated
to-day for 20,000 of these pamplets In press agent: '
Texas. The campaign there .will/-.Shut Y>.-''•' •! •'
only four weeks longer. The general "i MY DBAB SIB:—On the 2d of July last
a special dispatoh was sent from St. •
impression Is that prohibition will suc- Joseph, Mo., to a Ohioago paper, in which
ceed. But if it fails now the toed is still it was stated that the cJoeing of the sa-
there, so'wti'lfc. hundreds ofortflthousands of V loons in Atohison, Kan., has oat off its
hearts and siire to br^ng * )fru|t.- •,/'. \ most profitable soaroo of revenue,
Awbrd wpr#ri#r$lhave safd iwwing I 5 •• amounting to thousands of dollars a year,
about the ordinary • routine work of an and as a result there is not enough to
office of this kind, in this statfi.'.fina noth- keep it going; that the police foroe, with
ing n»ed be said. But, we .hator^njr ttjg exception of the marshal and one po
visits from old soldlejK^.QOY "

r m 3* "f;v.'a

M,.. -m
lontns of 1886. All the principal streets
an, hai the city are now being paved.
rvioes of the firemen were to be dis- More substantial improvements are being
pensed with; and that the gas and eleo made and more buildings are being erect-
jrical light lamps were to be shut off. ed in Atchison this year than during any
, This dispatch was utilized by the aseo- previous year in its history. Ten im-
. oiated presa and published in nil parte of portant lines of railroad center in the
.; the country, Aa a reault I have reoeived
many letters from different sections mak-
m oity, and the Southern Kansas railway
haa just extended its line to Atchison.
ing inquiries aa to the truth of the state- The oentral shops of the Missouri Pacific
mente it embodied, and have seen its al- road have recently been located there.
i leged facta commented on, in dozens of
newspapers, aa evidence that the aboli-
The largest lumber yard in the west has
recently been established there, and many
1 . tkm of saloons haa reduoed a prosperous
oity in Kansas to the verge of bankrupt-
other important commercial and manufac-
turing industries have been located there
cy. Similar letters have been reoeived daring the past eix months. Bettor than
i by the mayor of Atohiaon and by rnani all, too, hiiudrods of thousands of dollars
that were formerly wasted in the saloons
other citizens in Kansas. v
The dispatch referred to was prompted, a n now expended in feeding and clothing
by two motives. It was, firut, eeut from and housing the people, and us a result (•••',
a town in Missouri for the purpose of in- thousands of wives and children in Atch- 1
juring a rival oity in Kansas; and second' ison who were living in poverty a few 0 <f

h waa inspired by the whisky interest an ' years ago are now prosperous, happy and 8
¥ •intended to create the impression that
'efficient oity government oould not
This S t Joseph dispatch is only 11 fair •-•!;
00 .maintained without the revenue derived specimen of hundreds of fulse aud mali-
o from saloon licenses. cious statements I have seen published
The oity of Atohiaon hoe been for many in the newspapers of the country during 1
years one of the most important railroad the past three or four years concerning 06

Kansas and Kansas towns. The whisky o

and commercial centres of Kansas. It baa
a population of about 28,000 people. If interesta predicted that the abolition of
the whisky interest could create the im- saloons in Kansas would injuriously af-
pression that Atohiaon had been materi- fect the material prosperity of the state,
ally injured because the saloons had been and falsehoods intended to confirm this
driven out of it, u serious blow would be view are constantly iu vented and circu-
dealt the temperance cause. The asso- lated in every section of the country, aud
ciated press in giving this false special especially in the states where movouieuts
suoh wide publication was made the nn- are being made to banish the saloona. I
•P am receiving letters daily from different
1 oonacioua agent of a malicious slanderer,
whoso purposes wore aa unworthy aa hia states making inquiries concerning the
2 statements were unfounded. I deem effect and results of our temperance
It my duty to oorreot' the falsa impres- lawa on the financial, commercial and
sions thus oreated, and respectfully ask other material interests of our state, and
.that this letter be given aa wide a pub- these letters all indicate that the work of
lication aejthe diapatoh which prompts it. maligning of Kansas is going on iu every
. T a r n thoroughly familiar with the con- section of the country. Permit ine, there-
dition of the oity of Atohiaon and per- fore, to give you the real fnots.
sonally know that the statements em- Toe prohibition amendment to our
oo bodied in the St. Joseph dispatch art constitution was adopted in tho autumn
false and misleading, The gaa and eleo- of 1880, and the first laws to enforce it
went into effect in May, 1881. The war
I trio lights and water supply of the oity
have never been turned off. Its fire de-
artment haa been and ia continuously on
to banish saloons was for years ouly par-
tially successful. The amendment had
S uty, Its police force haa been largely
reduoed, but has, in the absence of ea-
been adopted by a very meagre majority,
and publio sentiment iu all our larger
cities .WJIS oyeiwitfMuglyjuiai«»JUfe
lopus, been ample to preserve the peace
SQd protect the property of its citizens. late as January, I8S0, the saloons were
• A local dispute concerning methods open in fully thirty of the larger cities of
of taxation and involving the adoption of Kansas, iucluding Topeka, the capitr'
a tax which hna been collected in the city the state. But steadily and
of S t Joseph for many years past, is the publio sentiment against them. »
only foundation for the malicious and un- and intensified. The small majorit
truthful dispatch from that place. had voted for the nmondment was
Atchison abolished the last of its sa- forced, Urst, by those law
loons in the fall of 1880. The whisky in- znus who are always willing to
3 terests prophesied that this action would nate their personal opiuious to
esty of the law, and second, by an
I seriously injure the business of the city.
It has had no suoh effect Atchison \a l^w
large number who, observing the
cal results following the abolition
more prosperous to-day than it has been
for many years past Its wholesale trade saloons in different cities and townfc'be
aggregated over $40,000,000 iu 1880, and came convinced that Kansas
during the first six mouths of 1887 this atmoro prosperous, happy, and in ail re-
trade has increased fully thirty-three per spects u better community of people, if
oent over that for the oorreepondis it had not on open suloou within its bor-
m •sr~rf<mrr"

mmm <,,i
growth lrFfbpuntry, cltiejL and towim
wjuvi traffio has growrTstid'strengthen ever witnessed on; the American copti.-
ifttil to-day I -very^nilibh doubt wbe£bj nentThas been illustrated in Kaneas'dtu>
of its 300,000 male voters, more^BD 'XM ing'vfhe six years since the temperance
G00 would, if they could, invite back and amendment to our''*i constitution was
reinstate the Baloons. ' ^'Wti&^&SlE adopted, and especially during the past'
One argument of the whisky interest, two years, the period of its most energetic
viz: that - saloons promote the prosperity and complete enforcement;. "* 4; ~r!H
and growth of communities, has been an- :>•••: 8 Youre very respectfully,' >>" 1
swered in Kansas by the convincing logic . '''J'-v .; .' ;v jNO.'ik. MAT5TIN.
of foots. In 1880 the population . of this ' ' '" " teit--i^>wS:
state, ' as shown ' b y the ' census,
a wae 996,096. ;^ri:: Maroh,V:J.8Q6, ,;ii
shown W o the stat% oensus, ; it; WM The I.le Nailed. 'O'lii-'?
I 1,406,788; and it is now fully 31650,000. Jh . The following letter was sent to Wil-
j 1880 Kansas had only 8,104 miles; of rajl-
*way. wikhjhvher borders; on tfiq, first ',ol liam Henry Smith, general agent of the
March last the state board of railroad Associated Press at Chicago, and will ex-
lessors re rted 6.208 miles for taxation plain itself; ' ^;'J"-'. .'..: ; • > .>.,
ATCHISON Ks., July 15, Iffy.j-WfiNam
Henry 8mith, Agent Associated £f§t&
tie real and personal property o Chicago, 77J.—DEAR'. SIR :—The under:,,
zregated only 8160,891,689: - signed have read Gov. Martin's letter
f Maroh,.1886, the total was 'It denying and correcting certain false add'
ad'^or the present fiscal year)
aus far received indicate a toti misleading statements embodied ip a:
vQftOOapfe 1880 there wereWHI special djspatch sehf to'a, Chicago news-,'
houses, 2,514 ohurohes and 547/ paper, on the 2d pf1 July, Inst, and we
per in Kansas; there are now.' f fully endorse and ajistaih'the5 Governor*^
school houses, 8,600 churches
Newspapers. In 1880 only fifty*; statement. A local dispute; concerning
and oities had populations' itt * methods of taxation was, as Gov. Martin
1,000 eaob; in 1887 more than" says, the only foundation for the malicious
have each over 1,000 inhabitants; fully and untruthful dispatch from St. Joseph.
. twenty-five have eaoh over 6,000i Ma four,
| have.'eaoh oyer 20,000. In 18K)611*8,868,. The gas, electric lights and water supply
000 acres were planted in crops; this year of Atchison have never been cut off. Its
the area planted exoeede 16,000,000 sores. fire department has been, and is, contin-'
In 1880 the value of the farmbroduota of _ uously on duty. Its police force has
Kansas was' "only $8-4,521,000: -tor' 1886 [
their yalue.was over 8264,000.000, Por the' • been largely reduced, but has been, and;
ffaoal year of 1880 the percentage of state is, ample to preserve the peace and pro-"
taxation wad f>% mills; for the '"present, tact the property of the citizens. In brief,
fitoal year .the total percentage levied fori every statement embodied in Gov. Mar-.
all state purposes is over 4%milis, • ' i I
i Poring the past two years. and a'half I tin's letter to the General Agent of the ]
have organized seventeen opunties jn the Associated Press, touching the municipal
western seotion of the state and oanaua condition of the city of Atchison, the
takers have been appointed for four bther,
counties, leaving only two '.obuntiee re- ommercial and manufacturing prosperi-
maining to be organized, i$mjfci£W$a :y of the city, its business, its public im-
The cities and towns (of Kansas, provements, Its government, its gas and
witb hardly an exoeptlon,^||Si^';, leapt water supply, and its fire department, is
pace I n / growth and. ^ i p e p e r i t y
with' this marvelous development'of the [perfectly truthful and accurate.
state, Many of them have doubled their, That this dispatch from St. Joseph had
population during the past yearV'sid it is to origin in the enmity and rivalry of a
a remarkable fact that several o}tles and "Usourl town, is fully established by the
towns languished or stood sou tjntil they
abolished their saloons, and from that lalignant and untruthful dispatch sent
date until the' present time their growth rom that place last night, concerning
and prosperity has equalled, and in some
instances surpassed, that of other places
"ov. Martin's letter. The 'extracts there
paraded, from Atchison newspapers, are
with equal natural o4vactagei'''^H ; " i, |-J
Summing, up, the facts of the cen-' garbled and misleading. The articles
BUS confute and confound those/ who as- thus quoted from were discussions of the
sert that the material prosperity of any ery question to which Gov. Martin re-
oommunityis^promotea bythe.preeenoe efers in his letter to' Gen. Smith, viz., a
lar as Kansas and all her
8t saloons. I., are oonoerpedj'the re-' uestion concerning a method of munlci-
cities and iraon is true. ;The most ial tazation for Atchison that bad been,
verso of tL Lprosperity, of |Oftteri "
wonderful 'or many years, adopted and enforced in T
moral and develc St Joseph. * V ; ' V j *fT,V""
The city of Atchison was sever more ft>
osperous than it Is at the present time.
Its^business, and especially its1 wholesale
and manufacturing trade, during the pres-
ent year, is fully thirty-three per cent, in
excess of that for the corresponding

months of 1886. Real estate sales in A Ringing Dispatch From Our

Atchison, during the first six months of
1887, have exceeded the aggregate for the
Governor to the President,
o previous three years combined. More
costly and substantial buildings are being Indignant Soldier*.
erected in Atchison this year than during All the old soldiers of the late war, and
any previous year in its history. _ all loyal oitizens as well, are filled with
The undersigned are members of both indignation at the action of President
parties, Republican and Democratic. Oleveland in ordering the return of the
Very few of us are Prohibitionists. This confederate Hags held by the government.
letter is, therefore, written'slmply to vin- So indiguaut were many of the old eci-
dicate the truth, *»d. to toatiiro against the,, diers that they made the air ring with the
o malignant, jfai&e and slana^rcus state- most bitter denunciations of the presi- a

ments sent out'from 8t. "jojcrpb; Mo., fw"
the purpose oJ injuring tlfl&! good name
and affecting the growth of t&is city. \ >!
•„• $ v < , ',"• B . H . K K L S E Y {
Governor Martin, true to the state of
Kauaaa and the loyal oitizens and sol-
diers he represents, sent to President

[ Mayor.', Oleveland the following telegram this

. : . , . ; • . . - • • , O . G . R O L F S , j , & > \
morning: S
'•-'•• tPresident Boardof Trade. TOPEXA, KANSAS, June 10, 1887.
E . E. 8. W I L L S / To the President, Washington, D. C:
Superintendent Gas Co. In the name of one hundred thousand
oitizens of Kansas, who served in the
B. S. WILLS', '
ranks of the Union army during the war,
.'-'•s Superintendent Water Co. and in behalf of all the loyal peo-
H ii > •'. J. M.'WELLS," ple of this state, I enter an indig-
Y;< Superintendent Electric Light Co. nant protest against the return
of the confederate Hags captured
a '/f •
' ' •':,
' W. 0 . BARNES,
Chief Fire Department.
in battle by the soldiers of the republic
I protest against such aotion as an insult
F. H. PBICE, to the heroio dead and an outrage on
tv. their surviving comrades. The govern-
.a Chief of Police.
ment accepted the custody of these
'.'"'.<' • T. B. GBBOW, flags, placed in its ciiurge by the putriotio
90 !;"i'.' ' City Clerk. soldiers of the Union, as a sacral trust,
2 J. T. CorLAX,' and I protest that neither the president
of the United States nor any other otllcer
Cashier First National Bank. of the government has authority, moral or
< i 0. 8. HjtTIIBRJNaTON, legal, to surrender them.
Exchange National Bank. JOHN A. MAHTIN,
Y ,« '.[ F. W. HUNTON, Governor of Kansas.
Cashier United States National Bank. ByXlmMat'WHlUm Of ,tlli
Ji V. J U X I O H ,
k i *-a s tr, -4V?nUon National Bank.. . OCTOBER 19, 18*7.
Cashier Atchison Savings B a n k * Tn i/ODI) FELLOWS,
'••• _•'•'' . E. G. AlUlBTlY, ,M/j
Cashier Kansas Trust <fc Banking Co. p
J. S. WOOD, ' riendshlp Lodge Celebrates the]
Asst. Cash. Farmers' Exchauge Bank. Thirtieth Anniversary of
Its Existence.
I Cashier Atchison Bute Hunk.
J. C. Fox.
8. C. KINO. Friendship lodge No. 5, Independent
H. CLAY PAHK, Order of Odd Fellows, celebrated the
Postmaster (Atchison). thirtieth anniversary of Its existence Inst
J. B. Ml'LKOIlD, evening, at its elegantly equipped Tem-
Pastor First Baptist Church. ple, 8lxth Htreet and Kansas avenue.
S. B. OLAZIEU, There was a large attendance, including
President U. 8. Investment Co.
'$?; ' J f ^ ' *• M'rLMKR, ,
Pastor 6^;Fj|^'PrMDTteri8n Church.
lifcSi^-L .
rickety cottonwood stairway, built o
a delegation from Schiller lodge. The stilrs, led to the second story. The stej
lodge was opened in regular form,'and of this stairway had an odd hablt'N
under the head of "the good of the or- turning up, unexpectedly, and the vh
der," the m tims of this perverse disposition were ii
clined to declare, in their wrath, th< .
BEV. EDWAKI) COOPER never again, until that infernal old mai {.'•)
of St. Louis, a Past Grand ot Friendship trap was fixed, would they, attend anothe '
lodge, and who still retains his member- lodge meeting. '•'. • , ' t
ship here, arose in his place and was Reaching a platform at the head of th
greeted with applause. In acknowledg- stairway, you passed into the ante-rooi
—a room about as large as a good size'
ment he bowed his snowy head, bleached dry goods box—and thence made you
by the tempestuous storms of seventy- way to the lodge room.
seven winters. He said he hud been an We confidently believed, in those oh
Odd Fellow since 1845, and then rehearse'd days, that it was a comfortable and com
modious place. In reality it was no
concisely the progress of the order and more than one-third the size of the pres
its influence for good on the community ent lodge room. It was dimly lighted b\
at large. His speech, though brief, was coal oillamps; its floor was covered wit!
one of the best of the evening, and made the oddest—not to say the most atrociout
—pattern of a carpet ever woven; and
a deep impression on all who heard It. the tawdry hangings of ten cent red and
Mayor S. H. Kelsey, representative to blue chintz over the officers' chairs were
3 the Sovereign Grand lodge, gave a gen- 'agonizing in their cheap affectation of
eral a c c o u n t ^ the recent session of that adornment. The walls were rough and
black with smoke, until the lodges Anally
1 body at Denver, and spoko of it as in a moment of puffed up wealth covered
t TtIK SENATE OY THE ORDEH, them with wall paper whose figures must
upon which a great responsibility rested. have conveyed to the initiate, when his
eyes were first opened to the light, the
He related somo Interesting facts, show- , impression that a house painter's appren-
ing the great labor devolving upon tho -J
tice had essayed high art and ended in a
representatives, and congratulated the fit of disgust by hurling his paint pots
I and brushes at the canvas.
members upon the gratifying reports as to
the spread of tho order in all parts of the This old lodge room had a roof which, w
like that of the Arkansas gentleman,
world. didn't leak when it didn't rain and could
Past Grand John A. Martin followed in not bo mended when it did rain. Some
an address on "Odd Fellowship of Yore *$M ono of tho Masonic brethren—who met in
tho same room—had been prowling about
and of tho Present." Ho spoko substan- in the loft, and, making a mlested, had left
tially ;is follows: in the ceiling a ragged, yawnldg hole.
Thirty years ago yesterday Friendship This served, foryears,to impress outsiders,
Lodge No. 5, I. ("). (), F,, was organized, <<u occasions like tho present, with the
under u charter granted by the. Sovereign suspicion Unit some mysterious and per-
Grand Lodge of tho United States, its haps awful event had occasioned that
charter members were Cornelius A. Lo- break. Repairs wore rarely made, for
tho very excellent reason that the treasu-
gan, Edward K. Blair, A. .1. Pctoflsh,
S. Alex. McKowu and James Dillon. Near- ry of the lodges, in those days, resembled
p ly two years later, in 1850, tho first official the pocket-book of a tramp. There was
report to the Grand Lodge of the State no danger of defalcations, and an official
•hows a membership of thirty-eight, llf- bond was entirely superfluous.
teen by initiation and nine by card. So „ , - , „ < It is not my purpose, however, to abuse
that its total membership, at the (Into of jv; yy. that venerable lodge room. It was a
> pleasant place, notwithstanding its nu- o
I Its organization, must have been fourteen. Efci&i'
merous deficiencies, for it was warmed
The meetings of the lodge, when I wns and lighted by the true spirit of Odd Fel-
admitted to membership, early in 1800, lowship. The brothren who camo there
were held In an odd-looltlng cottonwood did so because they enjoyed the meet-
building near the corner of Commercial ings. They had for each other a genuino
and Eighth streets. And Eighth street, feeling of mutual regard. They did not
at that time, wus out in tho country. quarrol over non-essentials; they valued
There were no pavements iu those days, each other's good name, and took a sin-
and the streets were quagmires. Reach- ^KO
cere pleasure in the prosperity or success
ing the lot on which the hall was located, achieved br any one of their number, in
you found the building oddly placed any avocation or pursuit. The town was
upon its -roar half, and , approached
by au a straggling cottonwood villajfe, but they
odd-1-'- "— ' % had an abounding faith in Its destiny;
their lodge was weak and poor, but they
had unfaltering confidence in its future.
I think some o? the most pleasant meet-
nights it was a passage attended with ings I have ever known were those held
fear and trembling—you reached the iu that old lodge room.
building. Then, oddly still, you had to The wor came, and its fierce enthusi-
lo around it, to _tUe reur, where an odd. tistn swept nearly all of the younger
members into the army. The years tn
followed were indeed qjpr^fand perilous ranches -. _,
to Friendsbip~Lodge./ii&ivas told, when4
peace dawned on the' land agaiu; thut tory of Friends
frequently, for months iu succession, a itable to t.h priAlpTei,|
quorum could not be obtained for a meet- and it is to ... tost prosper-
ing; that when the Grand Lodge dues ous lodges in the ...
were payable, a few of the members had I have neither the Yfm'e nor the dlsposi-
to advance them; and that when the | tion to discuss the principles, influence
semi-annual election nights came around ' and aims of Odd Fellowship. The order
it was frequently difficult to find enough needs neither defense or eulogy. I have
members to fill the offices—an odd enough never believed that Initiation in & y se-
thing, even in Odd Fellowship.' cret society, no mattar what its princi-4
With the return of peace .came better ples or purposes might be, would make a
good man out of a person who is inher-
i times for the old lodge. The town began
to grow, and the order kept pace with it. ently mean, vicious or depraved!/ Bu>
the vast majority of men are not natur-
Its roll of members rapidly lengthened,
and in a few years there was, talk of re- ally bad, ana a very large portion of those
•<* whose lives are hopelessly wrecked, fall
ON moval to more commodious quarters.
These were obtained after much discus-
sion, In the third ktory of the building on
because of their surroundings.' Pliant
and weak, they are insensibly but irresis-
tubly swopt Into ig and *1 $
Second street, now the St. James hotel,
and on the 17th of March, 1808, the new by the force of example and associations.
lodge room waa^ formally dedicated, in Upon this class of men, I do sincerely
the presence of a large assemblage of believe, such societies as the Independ-
U members, with their wives and daughters. ent Order of Odd Fellows exert a re-
Less than a month after this removal, straining, reforming and always whole-
¥ on the 7th of April, the lodge, by resolu-
tion, granted permission to its German
some influence. The lessons» taught
the ritual, the principles on
tAught In
> members to withdraw and organize a Order Is based, the virtues thijil
Atwe ion-
new lodge, and shortly thereafter Schil- stantly exalted in every'beremony.of
ler lodge was duly organized. . Odd Fellowship, an'oyabove?i*» ti»«
The two lodges met, for five years, in strengthening and inspiring associations
a the hall on Second street. But in 1875 of the losge room—all these wholesome
another change occurred. A largo and influences must exert, upon the minds
beautiful room in the building on the and hearts of Odd Fellows, and especial-
corner of Commercial and Sixth streets ly upon the younger members, a strong
was leased for a term of years, elegantly and helpful control. Every lesson, and
fitted up. and dedicated with appropriate1
ceremonies. ' ,••."'- h >' •.•'.*'
Ten years later. In 1883, the building
precept of Odd Fellowship exalts the
homely virtues of industry, frugality,
truth, benevolence, kindliness to others,
•p of the present Odd Fellows' temple was fidelity to duty, respect for law, and con-
commenced, and on the 20th of Novom- sideration for the rights of all men.
•ber, 1884, It was, formally dedicated. It True Odd Fellowship exalts manhood,

Is an enduring monument to the enter-
prise and public spirit of the Odd Fel-
lows of Atchison. If is worth fully
Pll enjoins sobriety, demands charity, In-
spires patriotism, and teaches the uni-
versal Fatherhood of God and the broth-
tweuty-flvo- thousand dollars, and the erhood of man. No man can be a good
oo debt contracted in building it has been, Odd Fellow who h not a good citizen, a
In less than three years, almost oxtltu true husband, father and brother, a help-
guishod. The lodge has one hundred ful friend, and a truthful, sober, kindly,
and forty-four members jn good standing honest and industrious man.
and its future prosperity is assured. I do not assert that all these virtues can
One of the charter members of Friend- be said to distinguish all Odd Fellows.
ff ship Lodge, and its first Noble Grand, Members of the Order are only human.

I Dr. C. A. Logan, attained the highest po-

sition known in Odd Fellowship, that of
Grand Sire of the United States and Can-
They have the same passions and self-,
control, the same strength and weak-
nesses, the same virtues and frailties that
ada; and afterwards represented this are common to the whole human race.
country, with distinguished usefulness, But I do assert that membership in the
I as Minister Plenipotentiary to Chili. Order—its teachings, its principles, the
Oth/rs of its members have filled many noble examples it is constantly, exalting,
official positions of dignity and import- and the virtues It holds up as the best
ance. Two of its members, John M. and highest qualities of humanity—can
Price and Charles II. Krebs, havo been not fall to exert a beneficent influence
Grand Mnsters of tho Order In Kansas;; upon the lives and conduct of its mem-
two, 8. H Kelgey and your speaker, have bers. I believe Friendship Lodge'has
been Grund Patriarchs of the Grand En- exerted such an influence upon many
campment; and two, John M. Price and men. It has uided them to see the right,
8. II. Kelsey, have frequently been electj and influenced them to do right, often,
I ed delegates to the Sovereign Grand]
Lodge of tho World. Eleven of the
perhaps, when they did not themselves
realize the subtle but powerful control of
eighteen Mayors of this city have beet its teachings. It has been a useful or-
members of Friendship Lodge, and itJ ;anization In this community, and such/
rolls have always included a very large! f fervently hope and trust, It will ever
number of ogr most prominent and pub-j be. Its old members. I am sure, have
lie spirited citizens, engaged In all! only pleasant memories of it* past; its
younger mombors, ^believe, find equal
enjoyment and profit in its future growth
and usflfulnesB. ^'V5
foe K a n s a s state' venttOritfitrW'B. 0."Moody!
i •~» n 10
J. M. M. Wilson and J. /JStfrygher. The slxt
carriuga was oooupled M S a e w s p s p e r men
Tho route followed w a s .irom.-Br.oaaffiky t
Thirteenth, to SrlppB overtbokingr'^'fifflBL i
Sixteenth, to Broadway, to ^TjtOfagffi:
Delaware, to Main, US Tout^i, TSSMpa!
nut, to Ninth, to ForeWi aventi?, to Inca
pendenco avonae. to BefTefontainp avenue, i
TU: Prospect, to Thirtoontb, to the exposition^
building, where tho party alighted, and were.
Bgogrted into the main hall at 1 o'clock. Theyx
spent an hour in making the tour of the build-!
lug, and e x p r e s s e d themselves us both nston
•ft ished and pleased with the building and it
contents. After walking ubout tho halls fpr i
time the party, this time accompanied by Dr,
E. 1). Allen and wife, embarkod In .the car
r i s g e s for another drivo, not r"**TTflfrt|rfc_'u
exposition till 3:30, whore they r f l j R w t
A N O T H E H MAMMOTH CROWD AT T H ^ f Ollmoro's matchless music for some" time
EXPOSITION YESTEKDAY. ^YhenTho musical programme was -jufft hat
plnrod through, Colonel (itlmore called if
halt, and the band stdnd was immediately oc-
cupied by the governor and BX-coveiuor. o
Tlie. First und P r e s e n t f5ov.«>rnors of t l i o l Kansas, the s'ato ouT-ers. ra«snbers of tno re^
UioHt State Spvak —Gllinoro, a i Usual,] 0«ptlon oonnnittee and reM>rtors. As Gov
ornor Martin and o x - G o y l r n o r Rabins
1'leases t h e Crowds—Visliosaj at "Tliol orossed the platform they wore greeted wi
Tlmtit" Ilriiuuli Office—Nolos—Missouri! prolonged oheeriug.
Day. The view from tho band stand wns a grand
one, ami the oomplituont ta Kansas us pre-
s e n t e d by the .issemblod multitnde was t h o r -
Ki>nsa» day at the e x p o s i t i o n WAS A grout oughly appreciated by the governor of Kan-
6UCQ0SR. sas and Ms friends. The main aisle was
pricked with peoplo from tho edge of tho bund
Tho first thought ofj o y e r y b o d y In tho olty ti'.nd to the entrance In tho south tower, In
B W M tho day ana tho guos.ts It would bring. All f act the tloor of main hall, sill that
portion that was wltlun hearing distance,
the railroads In Kansas thatieentered la Kan-
war, Dim solid m a s s of humanity. The bal-
s a s City were running excursion trains, ntut cony doors had no more standing room.
the sceno about union W p o t all day yestorduy Tho BSUBU was bright and animated.
wn> one ot noise, confusion and crowds of When tho applause died away President
Harris stopped to tho front and introduced
people. T h ^ t r a v o l was enormous. By noon Governor Martin In tho following graceful
thoso poopfo began'pourlng Into the e x p o s i - word* of wsl'Omo:
tion building, and by the time Ollmoro ap- "Lutlos and gonlloinen: The dlroitors of tho
peared on tho scene the building was about national exposition have Invited to visit us to-
d a y , tho people of the state of Kansas and
as full as it could welt bo.without pressing tho tholr gov. nior. I feel satlsllod that 1 voice.
wails out. tin) iniaiilmous sentiment of tho pooplo of
hausim (.Miy when I state that we fool houorod
Governor John A. Martin o s m o down front In having them with us. I fori and they
Atchison on the 0 a. m, train. He wus met by toel that n very largo portion of our pros-
President T. A. Harris und dsjajen dlrootly to perity Is due to the people of Kansas, and
Mli'10 should s l w a y s bo a bond of sympathy
the Coates hoose. wboro he w a s Diot by tho LufAioin us. Ono nan not well exist Wltttofut
reception commltteo of twonty-flvo. A l t e r a •ij-tli" oihor. Ladles anil gentlemen, this o w m
tew moments' conversation he w a s osoortod rJunirKs for all fin urn lime an Important event
In iliu history of this elty. The rapid dovniop-
to the rooms rosoi vud by the m a n a g e m e n t of metit of the great stato of Kansas, whoso
the Coates house for tholr distinguished KCAJWealth is over pouring through our gates.
S ^ m . ' . k e s this phanunionalwjjf fi/ ours the great
g u e s t s , nod later took breakfast In tbo public jOL'JWondor of modern llflHP For 'lil» we are
dining room. •Pa grniofui. ana to linvo wltlTUa lo-day tho llittj
ni.d tle> last governors ot tho stato from which
Governor Martin's staff and otbor promi- Ujr., I of our trade nonioH u an event of great
nent Topoka gentlemen arrived on tho 0:30 nil'! most pleasing significance.
train and wero mot by tho oommlttou und " l t l s o n u of the greatest p easttves of my
taken directly to the Costos house, The party ills la bo able to welcome to Kansas City tho
consisted of W. W. Admire, seorstary to the iii-oi).u of Kansas, aud to littroducu to you
governor; Junto* W. Hamilton, state treas- Governor John A. Mnrtln. who will now. ad-
dress you In Uuhull of the puuploot Kansas.
urer; J. H. Lawhoad, superintendent of public Lad in I and gontlemu), Uuvornor John A.
Instruction; William rilms, soorotsry of the Mar,in of Kansas."
etato board of agriculture; Dr. E. B. Allen, As Governor Martin rose to respond ho was
grooto.i with a perfect storm o( welcome. Ho
sooretsry of state, and wlto; George FinJlny. I'lmiiii from notes In his eusy, oonYluclog
Stste mining Inspector; 0. 0. Bakor, stato in timer, Ills deop, clear voice penstratlng to
prlntor, and John bmltn, warden ot tho stato the rvmolost r e c e s s e s of the hall, command-
ing tho profoundest ruspeot and silence, savo
penitentiary. ni.w an,I then when n ripple of laughter or
F.x-Govornor Itoblnson of Lawronco oame rnnn i of spplauso greoteu some mors than
u>u illy pieiialng passage.
o n tho 0:30 traiu § tf wa* uscortud to the
When <n* managers of this exronitlao lavltod mo
Coates house, whore1 i ' w a s mot by tho roHt I to vult |i, mi "Kansas day," 1 said 1 would h i very
('of the party.
glad t" do «,•, It i could uo ponullted to cuiuo to
sei'and uoi .<. talk, !,»,• two days uiler
> About 11 o'.lock B!X carriages wero drawn thi-eoveuunt was made, i read in the vrraciou*
jtjp in line In front of tho Coates house swd the and enterpiluiuR Journal* ol tbo oity, tha an-
Diaincoiuenl t! at I was m make "an addross."
•first and I At) I governors ot 'ho grout stato, I'm liapo tha'. may bo tho rtausan city way of do-
'iieoompunled by the state ofnoors, Prostdent lu.i llliags, l hope, howBver, u la not. Hooauso.on
our Bt'lo of tho lino, thsre aro very few oratoi'3,
Harris and members of tbe committee, wore lucll as Warner Is. Ho, If you make a praotico of
soon seatod in thorn for a drivo about tho city. lnv :t u;( I', aaiians to visit you to see something you
havH to -how, nod tlion oall ou tbcm to talk, you
Tho llrst carriage contained ex-Governor may uot be able to oaten t/.cin aualn.
Robinson, President T. A. Harris, J. K. Landls aru uoi accustomod to blowing thoir own horusl
You uovor hoard a Kansan ofaltloii toe wealth
and Judgo W, HolmoB; In tho s e c o n d were and prosnorltv of ills state, did you? Ur toiuoi;
Governor John A, Martin, L. It. Mooro and W. auynno that Kansas was Hie oeutor, tho glory, ibe
In Uhl particular star of tho universe? Ordrclar.
D. Qrlmos; third, Kansas Htato T r e a s - In.' that Its soil wus tho n o n x t and doepoat, its
urer J, W. Hamilton, Kansas Bt^to a'.umsprisre the purest, r,a peoplo me moat lutein•
Etbt, enterprising anil euorgo'ic. and its womnn
Printer C. C. Baker. Charles D. (tie mom beautiful In tho known world?
Ur assorting that she
Lucas,- and B. F. Jones, superintendent K»r.«HS wss without parallel
of t h o ^ r a t j wo^ks; tho fourth was oooupled 1Q
Aiunrloan otates? Or afBrniU
•ilftl'8 secretary, W. W. Ad- Hi lie rallr.-ads to the square
by and wheat to tho acre, ana .mx> ro oom
mlrof'^ dis./, state mining Inspector; - -ity aud us and
• I uruwlnrtcities per ci _ n slrtv ot lth Dtrl
"J , ,,n l \V « Wilson: In • •• ••• K....«nn. t^^n otUe
eg* nasry •flriitU
BRbnt you nover.hoar a, Kansaq BftaXilM
bout them I W« are • uiodost p#opl9 and *r» not
utfvd ui>, «ven if we havo the best andgreateit
tuts in toe union. »v "v-,i,-,---
Wbai, then, shall I talK about? Hire In this
,'roat building, surrounded by this vast dfsplay of the past day or two, liad fully otfieotbd t
ho produoti of aifrtoiilture, Industry, Invention,
vouiuierco aod art, the eye and tbe mind, not the attend Ilia State Sanitary Convention ai
tongue, should be busy. Thin exposition la a mod-
em object lescon—a school for the Instruction of Winbitn, and to fulfill (ho duty assigned
old and young alike. II Illustrate* the social and
Indiietrlul progress of tbe wont-the arty, trades, me in the-programme, bat sicknesn lit
SOleiioaB, Mtenuure unrt philosophy of our people, home, and an unununl precaare of official
/»s well us their groat numimrolal and agricultural
curiin;». Tlui aud the beuutllul, toe pro- basiness at the Capital, have so absorbed
ducts of -kill and Industry o( tbo studio, tbe fac-
tory, tbe duld aud tho uori mo here blended hap- my time during the past tun day* that it
pily together for tbe Inspection of tho ourious and
the study of tbe thoughtful. Huoh exhibitions are has been impossiblo for mo to fulfill my
of t.'ie iTciUoat value to all oinssos of the people,
'Ihsv Instruct and inspire; they suggest new ideas; purpose, and I am relnotantly compelled
tbov dllfusoii belter knowledge of the natural re-
sources »f the eountry and of the methods, Indus- to aend my regrets.
trie)- and progress of Its people. The exposition,
thereforo. noeds no orator, It spouks for ltmlf, II I do not believe, however, tbaM?jjr ab-
Is Us own advooate and eulogist. Look around
and admire. sence will detract from tho business of the
1 heartily consjrntulate tbe originators and mao- ^neetlng, and I am suro that I could say
' U « M of the exposition upon the brilliant success
tboy fcave aohiovsd. 'Chuy havo Inaugurated a nothing on an ooanslon that #.ould
great ens»rprl<i«; an emarpsAio of vast aud perma-
nent importance and value Tan enterprlso worthy be of Interest or value
of this great and prosperous olty, come I desired only to lit consetitlSg to
I rejoloe, also, to seo that here, as at all previous oere interost in tho purpose* cxproaa
of my <;iin-.
aXblblt/ons ofsimilar oharaolor, commencing with
fbe oentenntaret Philadelphia, the displays made ventlon, und this I can do quite a»|irsll
by Kansas altraot general attnollon and ooiument by letter as by my porannal prosonc
Kansas QM never been ashamed or a/raid toap-
Lpear la ajrrrrreeenoe, or on any proper occasion, The state, in my judgment has a r
"and exhlftfi samples of her products: and every
—I is sura that wherever Kansas tilt duty to perform in dovi.iing and per
there hoad of the table. I'erhaps this may stag moaauros for preserving iho ptrtlio
"l pride al.-d enthusiasm; bnt 1 be-
rably shared by the people of a ealth and the discussions and sugSos
sflsanurl^Mi not ibis sof Kor If tlona of such a body an will bo assembled
bore asHOfhal It Is, what would
"I haver"beeu Informed that at WJohitu to-morrow ought to, aad Ihvvt
of the trade of this olty oornes
om 'KftMsT 1 bare also been told that, ex- n o d j u b t will, afford muoh practioul inSr-
uding tJWfcli-QfAaWon within tho corporate Urn. nation touching tho best methods of ac-
f of thoflty, fully K
a m i Olty papers aft, ,.,,„,,« .*. ,.»„.—. complishing this result. It is an old adage
ois arefacti mrsjjjp people out/lUe of J^JJII
that "doctors disagree"but tho y do opt
disagree concerning Himilary contlitiogs.
All sohools of modicino are, I believpsa
["•* '»[«or Interest M la^^r unit In declaring that (ho source an§]
urltyaud victories of
,1 0 ,wl£ oanio of many of tho most virulent dS-
is8.«iJ? ? ?L "»
itiotaen of the u '
' rou sinoerolj (a* iu, ,w-a . . .
oases Is impure air and water, and imper-
fect sowerago and drainage. It is also^t
well established fact that many of tfi-o

I „tu.V.° fflaErW • « * « B u l .'V|

And now• r2¥S?iA l a t , , t f i fK r •"><!u d
n 8 »°'
all the people of
" wloomuyou.
« , n 8 '"*»ru maybrlaii
most dostruotivo diseaseM are eap.ible <S
control, limitation and extinction lj>
propor sanitary regulations. And tJivsl
1 ^nmAlmVSaOtV'^Si things being true, every individual tfltfi
een has a right to domanil, nnd ought I
00 demand, that tho stato ahull givo to hill
00 and to his family that, sanitary pfrtleoj
tfon which he, as an individual, rnuuot!
oo IN SESSION. prorido or enforce.

Health is tho greatost of earthly biers

— s - j f t . .

Jngs. Without it, wealth, honors, and ai^L
tho prizes that men and women stroggis^i
for, aro valueless, All citizens, therefore,
are personally and largely interested in
ITU CONVENTION- tho deliberations of a body convened to
discuss sanitary regulations, nnd suggest I
§ U p m o s t practical method* of drainage

j 2
low in Sejiion under thjk Auspioes of]
tbe 8tate Board oWeolth.—
And vontilation. und I'I» bent mean* to
provs/Ijt disease, control epidemics, and
impttWo tho general health of the com-
Dr. J. O. T. J o h n s o n , of Atohlson, monwealth.
With regrets that I am unable to be
thou rtid\aii nblo paper on "Heredity,"
present nt tho couvoxytiou, and assurances
and ari interesting gunornl disoussiou of my hearty sympathy witljjils objecls,
was taken pnrt In by Hi* members. 11 il [•^Hrr-jpojgjp. very (rnJy,
Excolrfftoj, Hon. J o ' 1 ] ^ - Martin, Gov- fhu coriVention4V y JOHN A^jiaBn.N Jonrneil
ernor, was ou»the proflffh , l t ">'» point 'and! !i n'clockUhis
for an address. Oor. Martin could not
bo present, nnd tho secretary read a let-
ter of regret fo»ui him. whioh wo givo
STATE or KANSAS. Kxect.nva /
Jadgo Jsmea Hamphrcy, I'reaidcnt Htnte
Sanitary Convention:
Vv rirvn SJrn• —T tULfJ llfl
John Alexander Martin, newspaper clippings, 1885 to 1887, held by Richard Tonsing, 145 Plaza Dr., # 508, Vallejo, California, -USA 94591-3706.
John Alexander Martin, newspaper clippings, 18S5 to 1887, held by Richard Tonsing, 145 Plaza Dr., # 508, Vallejo, California, -USA 94591-3706.
— — 1
John Alexander Martin, newspaper chppings, 1885 to 1887, held by Richard Tonsing, 145 Plaza Dr., 1508, Vallejo, California, -USA 94591-3706.
John Alexander Martin, newspaper clippings, 1885 to 1887, held by Richard Tonsing, 145 Plaza Dr., # 508, Vallejo, California. -USA 94591-3706.
clippings, 1885 to 1887, held by Richard Tonsing, 145 Plaza Dr., # 508, Vallejo, California, -USA 94591-3706.

John Alexander Martin, n e w ^ e r clipping,, ,885 to 1887, held by Rictard Tonsing, .45 Pi™ Dr., # 508, VaUejo, Catifbrnia, -USA 94591-3706.
John Alexander Martin, newspaper clippings, 1885 to 1887, held by Richard Tonsing, 145 Plaza Dr., # 508, Vallejo, California, -USA 94591-3706.
John Alexander Martin, newspaper clippings, 1885 to 1887, held by Richard Tonsing, 145 Plaza Dr., # 508, Vallejo, California, -USA 94591-3706.