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Worked Solutions

Edexcel C4 Paper C
1.

(a)

(b) valid for

5x + 7
2
3
=
+
(x + 1)(x + 2)
x+1 x+2

1 + a = 3,

dy
= 2(x + 1)2 3(x + 2)2
dx
dx 2

2.

d2 y
dx 2

4.

4
6
13
= 3 + 3 =
18
2
3

(3)

dh

(4)

, x = + 1 and y = 0
2

dy
= sin ,
d

dx
= 2 + cos
d

, gradient of tangent =
2
2

1
equation of tangent is y 0 = (x 1)
2
2y = x + + 1

dV
dh
dV
=

dt
dh
dt
dh
24
1
=
=
cm s1
dt
144
6

dh
dt


3.

(a) when =

when =

dV
= 24
dt

when h = 2, 24 = 72 2

a=4

sin
dy
=
dx
2 + cos

dV
= 72h
V = 36h2
we are given

7
5 3.4
coef. of x 3 = +
=
2
2
2

= 4(x + 1)3 + 6(x + 2)3

when x = 1,

(1)

3
5
3
5
3a 3
(c) (1 + ax)(1 x + x 2 x 3 ) = 1 x + x 2 x 3 + ax ax 2 +
x + ...
2
2
2
2
2

(3)

y = 2(x + 1)1 + 3(x + 2)1

d2 y

1
1
<x<
2
2



(b) At stationary points



1
1
(2x) +
(a) (1 + 2x) 2 = 1 +
(2x)2
2
2




1
3
5

2
2
2
(2x)3 + . . .
+
3.2
5
3
= 1 x + x2 x3
2
2

2y + x = + 1

(5)

dy
= 0,
dx

(4)
sin = 0
= 0, , 2

= 0, x = 0, y = 1
= , x = 2, y = 1
= 2, x = 4, y = 1
There are stationary points at (0, 1), (2, 1), (4, 1)
(4)

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(4)

5.

ln(1 + sin x)

0.61056

0.64674

0.13201

(i)

I=

7.

let

=
(5)
(b)

ln(1 + sin x)5 dx = 5 ln(1 + sin x)dx

i.e.

A
B
2x

+
(x 3)(x 1)
x3 x1

1
[0 + 0.13201 + 2(0.61056 + 0.64674)]
2

= 1.32 to 3 sig. fig.

(ii)

(a) (x 3)(x 1)

1
3

x3 x1

ln y = 3 ln(x 3) ln(x 1) + c

5 1.32 = 6.6

y=

(2)

1
,x = 4 :
3

(a) t = 0, N = 5000
5000 = Ae

so

A = 5000

(2)

ln

1
= 3 ln 1 ln 3 + c
3

5
4

4k ln e = ln
k=

5
4

(c) when t = 8,

N = 5000 e

(x 3)3
(x 1)

y=

(x 3)3
(x 1)

3
(a) direction of l is 6
9


3
1
equation of l is r = 6 + 6 .
9
1

(6)

(2)

(b) at point of intersection 1 + 3 = 4 +

1 5
ln
4 4


ln y = ln

1
+ ln 3 = 0
3

8.

(b) t = 4, N = 4000 4000 = 5000 e4k


e4k =

(3)

1
1
3
dy =

dx
y
x3 x1

c = ln
6.

(cover up rule)

(0.055786 . . .)

6 6 = 8 + 2

(4)

1 9 = 4


41 ln 45 8
= 3200

(3)

Ed

1
, = 2
3
point of intersection is (2, 4, 2)

solving we obtain =

C4 paper C

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(4)


5
1

(c) 2 k = 6 25 + k 2 + 25 cos 60
5
1

5 + 2k 5 =

1
2
1
4
dy
= 0 at x =
and at that point y =
1 =
dx
6
6
6
3 3


1
50 + k 2
2

1
4

(c) area =

(4k)2 = 6(50 + k 2 )

2x

10k 2 = 300

1
=
4

k 2 = 30

k = 30

9.

(a)

(b)

1
,0
4

(3)

1
=
8


(1)

1
dy
= 2x (1 4x) 2 (4) + 2 1 4x
dx
2

1 4x dx


1
1u
u 2 du
2

1
3
u2 u2


du

1
du = dx
4
1
x= ,
4
x = 0,

u=0
u=1



2 5 1
1 2 3
u2 u2
8 3
5
0



1 2 2
1
=
0 =
8 3 5
30

2 12x
4x + 2(1 4x)
+ 2 1 4x =
=
=

1 4x
1 4x
1 4x
4x

u = 1 4x, 4x = 1 u
du
= 4
dx

16k 2 = 300 + 6k 2

Ed

(5)

C4 paper C

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(7)